TMS OF TBlfciEOLIXA WATCIIMIY.
;r(tf ,. Caption, peg '.rear. Two DoL;Us-pa)!sb1e in
,jance. .' ''H Pa,d ln dvancet Two .Dollars
,nJ fifty crnis Wlf b churgedy I , U.' '
. orStitiiKiTS inserted t 81 for the first, and 2.cts.
wrVqWefor. eacsibequrrtt insertion. Coartorders
1 etl deduction l(ihoe who.adveriise ,by the
Lrrr. 10 A Ej.jW jnust he postpaid.
'or tht Carolina Watchman.
1 wrifer' observes That the ocmi is
tj(j fittest emjem, and conveys the deep
est , impressing of GodVimmjensity and
i&pniiy- iJ.of his Wnpproacliable
j pvvrr and everlasting uuchajigablefness.
Jn the seat w'rtve; succeeds wajve, forever
flnJ forever: ijtlloVs swell unon billow',
an J you see jipj end thereof : but "in the
' kins man's work enters not there. In the
VHSt wild iie sees no trace! of man, and
jvvelU only arnon i the scenei stamped
l0fly with its 'Creator's immutability and
power. Nature i always interesting.
Elsewhere she is lovely and; beautiful ;
here she is jiwful and sifhliime. Else
k hTe he sHrouds all things into a tern
pornry repose! again to clothe ! hem with
surpassing beauty and verdure : but: here.
: thvre is no change; such as the first win
ler heiield thifdi, alter they sprang Irotn
the hand of their Great Architect, j such
they still rt-iti ill like himsejlf, unchnnge
able, and unapproachable. .The voice of
man cannot -reachjbat Uppijr air to dis
turh the sacred calm t hai breiathcs around
ih'nt stilly leiic. which holds forever,
save vvlire tlie Uuwiue wakes it with a
'voice of jhu(ider !: In scenes ike these.
tbe soul is roused 'to a more worthv ctm-
kmpl.il toi f(l ttii Alililgliiy Author ol
cri'Mll""- IfHtiguages Were lormeu nr-
plains. "J they have no words lo repr -
vehf the sensations which ai? lelt atrud ,
'ibe icy"-, lijlihacles'- nn.l toweling Alps, :
co'hetl wiltthe spotless mantle ol evi-r-
IjlsiMii: snow ,
Another ivriter remarks., that
ii A charm Connected with mountains so
powerful that the tnerest mention of their
ffiHgiilliceni;Teafures kindlesl the iriihgin-
iiionjand c-arriesj the spirit
at once into
Hhehosotri of their enchanted legions.
How thu tniiid is jlilled With if heir vnt 00
iiudf ! AViioeVe-has not cliinhed their
long healthy ascents, and seen the in in
bllng mountain liivers. the g;lowiug tiios,
the richly'ttnted lichens undlef loot ; and
scrnted ihe'JreSli aroma of theuuculuv
trd sod :'hefatd the wild cry (uflhc tnouri
hLrar.; U,u ..u Lo.rL u,.l
mill Uliori iiic inrn oil rntiv ctm j
i .. I i.i
jpcn the ruSiet hues of the distaiH slopes,
the livid gushes of ravines knd piVcipi- l
ess: the silver hue ol falling wnters.nnd 1
ik. t..h,rlm.;-rl.wU i hi- tH,l ,.m.i 1
his gate over lakes, and orets, vid
latvs, and, smoking towns, id the ocejtit's
brink kti(vv.s nothing of he. ."peudui
crnrs fhisUnnd alionl.M."
Another, tptt king of the fivalancb s in'
'he Allis, stys. "The noise Was indescrtti-
ihly ' tleepjijanii awlnl : revcrlieialiiug in
long repealed echoes, which' truly imgln
it called tle music of the mbiitilniiis. and
was i'n- pejrleci liMiinntiv ii h the vost
SUhlltnilV Ol fh' scene. Tu These deep
rctioes succeeded a solemn -silence, till
again an appalling crush 10m another
part of ihernge wts reper.ted ti louder
bursts, responding from moun lain to inoun
jtain. It vioulil : have reipj nil no very
poetic imagination, to hn' e haid. amid
phese sounds', the mighty gei ultil thje Alps
-holding conjeri'tice togethcil to an awlul
'language, tjiat spoke of the feebleness of
humnn power, compared v.ilb the force
and itnmeiisity of nature." 1
! - Anotherif Xlract still. " In one ol the
.highest regions ol the Swiss Alps after a
d)' of excessive labor in' reaching the
' summit of our journey, near those thrones,
frecU-d 'ngejs ago lor the majesty ot Na
ture, wr sfppped, fatigued aind dispirited,
on a spot (Ie.stiued to eternal baneness,
I where we jtiund one of thoserUsdt but hos
; pitahle intti to receive ns. Ther,e was not
another habitation within njiany miles.
All the jui! w hich we cortldkffe, had been
: brought jthe'r and pUcedj carelully a
tound the callage, to nourishja few cab
bages ar.itt lettuces. There ; were some
. ffon, vihilb supplied the coljugers V j I ti
I milk : a lew low U lived in the (muse:
nJthe greatest luxuries bf the place
; were new jcheese. and some wild Alpine
! rnutlon, the, rare provision ofhhe traveller,
ft here tjature had thrown oil" the veil,
nj appeared. in all her sublimity. Sum
ils of ha'e granite Hv u .around- us.
The snow cjad lops of distant Alps seem
l chill; the mM)n beams that lighted
c,tliem; and we felt all the charms of
fpiciurejstfue, mingled w ith the awe in
.'p'Mdby imchangeable grandeur. We
med to have reached the original ele
ctors of he globe, o'erfoppitig forever
M tumuliji, the vices, and the miseries,
ordinary existence, far out I of, hearing
J lhe murmurs of a busy jvortd. which
COrd raVHL'es. and IllViirV irriinl I
for the-Album, anui large folio
brought to us almost filled with the
brawls of every nation on fhe earth that
could write.! 1 popird the follow ing French
G,J &r 'er twd realm! ; e'en pride is hushed :
aeemsmore I'rand. man rj-unihln into rfnt."
For the Watchman, j
HON OF SCIIOOll TEACH
. N'otwirhstanding thi boasted age of light and
tiotwilhiitahding the wUdmn and liber-
"70I our Institution, the ppiiiim nnd ..nr.
5. ' , - r ...... unirv
Yn' labors jof our statesmen and distinguish.
w'erarv man. llnr still remain inint- tu..r..l
, i J WIU
rntei tha our country is only begun to p.
from tTiat ignorance w-hich enveloped the
tr ngef nf the world. As one proof of
, Mirnion et us observe the respect paid,
of iv fU ,',t, ro-f,,mun''.V, to the education
.ir tKiMreu. fWhen the liquor, diinker
Hi V U! y n A ''M'pl.V his favorite bever.
Ns'n U l'fr PHr,icu,Hr 'In prm uririg ihibe8t
I? When the cuusumer wf tobacco! ialahout
' Til (MtMMir : WEeiMi:
' - - :- -J !i- - ' - 'Ml' , ' " z : :
T T RRTTMPR
Editor 4 Proprietor.
to purchos n tuk-k f ihe iteed he. too, U rate
fill in selecting what 5 rmjiiders a good arli
rle, lei the prire lie what iyniay. When man
pun ha re a. hore he a willing to pay ixr
I tionably to the qualities of the animal, a fid. in
many rae. he helects one af an extravagant
price in preference 4o maiiy others offered on
more, reasonable terms. The land buyer;, too,
select the let quality of land that he can oh.
tain and pays in proportion to the quality J And.
so wiih all oiher ariiele if trade or consump
tion. But when "a-srhool. Teacher is wanted
the inquiry is, what i his price.''' The linen
lal moral qualificaiious ot theVf atkdidates, are
entirely overlooked, and he, who will teafeh for
the leat money h the man, although he knows
nothing oft lie fundmneiit.il. principles ?l the
srieiH'es which he iiudeilakes teMch. If he
has ac quired some fiiperfinal knowledge iif thi..n H .u-, him! diiven at a rapid rate -to the
use and power of letters, and a very inttiroper
method of spelling wonl.- if he can read wth,
out having to spell moic than half the vort
as he pro. pfd". W illi nu oft alter each word t
keep up the sound until he can 'determine! whnt
he fliall call the next ; pronouncing. nt ac
coidinji to any rules, hut according to the die
tiirt of hi own fititcy ; if he cafi apply to a.
ftifl iniini ir tin ill. iiriiiimicinl ion of M Wnnl and
,herf. lr;,(HI,M.(. ;, -hvu-ss" not undetjudioff
ihe mark- ihit dej.igi.ale either the rou ids of
the cit.-r or tlie a.-cent of words; il l
write a tolrahly fair hand, and laily, l
not the eat in iuiporlance : it he will teach
for 5 8. or 10 dollars per. inopth and keep 73
dl.V f-r a quarter, he is admirably q-ialifind to
tfftr - h in oitnv School I)itiicts in our counlrv.
Bui if he has cipheied to the Single Rule of
I three. Iing jo-lar lhat he could see through.
j without knowing the' reasons or foundation of
j the rules hy . which he winked," then he is a
orofliifv nf lfM rniiio. ocoiiIh are Hlmihftfl ihi
, ; , , i ti
see, that men. in all ihir huiues transaction,
pay ,particiilar iegaid to their pursuits, hut,
when ihy come lo the education ofjthiei chil
dren, a thiiii! whirh o( all others, deiuauds iheir
Hi si nod highest atleijtion ; and in whicfi they
should he the most caieful selecting lht tesf
looks. audlhe hest qualified teachers, thev are
wholly indifletent, nut confidering that their
five or nit dollui j tier oiuiitli are ivnrsfl ihmi
( - -x
- i i i . i r Z .
thrown away on unqualified teachers (for such
,h,'-v he.xvho will leach such prices)
''' W'S Into the uuU of youth
and Uf, hen.iMio error, of pronunciation and
ilia nue r which ihe utmost stretch of. genius and
assiduity can never wholly correct. Biit say
they io give a man 15 or 20 dollars per month
is ahtoid. why. we can get a 'stout man who
can do more woik Ihan ihey for 8 dollars peri
month X" make rails. and do all kinds of hard
work much harder than teaching school, "which
is a mere mailer of moon hine J" and shall
we give ihoe. lazy fellows who want to get
riieir living (or nothing the enormous price of
15 or 20 dollars per month? No, irulv ! we
have more sense ilnin lhat. Could uuihing in
ihe woi Id more strongly attest the ignorance of
the present age than ih1 course of conduct and
ieao. ing wiih iepeci lo the education ol
youth? According to lhi course of reasoning,
the man. who hus spent a considerable portion
of hi uhiuiie on books and tuiiiou, who has
spent hmg years of ihe most assiduous study.
c oiisiiiniug ihe midnight oil -poring over his
hooks in order to qualify huuell for the in
j.iucijou of youth, is placed, in point of merit,
on nu equal looting with the unlettered African
slave who perhaps can split more rails in a day
I him he. Therefore ihe unlettered slave should
be entrusted wiih ihe education of youth al 88
in preference Wrthe qualified teacher nt $20.
Another class of the community are opposed to
schools nt any twice under any circumstances.
Before ijie Free School, system went into ope.
ration, this class repelled ihe attacks of those
who assailed 1 hem for not educating their chil
dren by the plausible pretext that ihey! were
not able lo school them; After the piesept sys
tem was adopted this mask was rendered use
less, they next inveiged against this system as
being fiioirmrhical, as inking away llie liber
lien of ihe people by taxing them to support ihe
common schools, w hile ji j uoioiioin lhat those
are the persons who have no taxes to pay and
ei have the children that need the schooling.
Ii is thetf..rc evident ihai ihee men are hap
py in being ignorant themselves, and are de.
ieiined to transmit their ignorance as a rich
legacy onto iheir issue
" The lenrneil is h?ippy nature fo explore
The fuol is happy that he knows no, more.
, . M. F. F.
Nor is the hailstone less soluble in earth
than in air. Placed under a bell-glass
with twice its weight of lime, it gradual
ly melts and disappears ; and there re
main four parts, instead of three, of per
lectly dry earth under the glass, j Of a
plaster of Paris statue weighing 4 lbs
more fhan 1 lb. is solidified water Even
the precious tnpal is but a mass of flint
and water, combined in the proportion of
9 grains of the earthy ingredient tf one
of the fluid. Ol an acre of clay Und a
foot leep, weighing about 1.200 tons, at
feast 400 tons are water; and, even of
the great mountain chains with which
the globe is ribbed, many millions ojf tons
are water solidified in earth. Wat r, in
deed, exists around us to an extent and
under conditions which escape jthe notice
of cursory.. observers. When thes dyer
buys ot the drVsalter 100 lbs. each f al
um, carbonate of soda, and soap, Heob
tainsj in exchange for his money, no less
than 45 lbs of water in the first lot, 04
lbs in the second, and a variable quantity
sometimes amounting to 73 J lbs in the
third. Even the transparent aijr we
breathe contains in ordinary we,ther
about 5 grains of water diffused through
each cubic foot of? its bulk, and this rari
fi'ed)4yter no more wets tiie air than the
solidified water wets the-lime or opal in
which it is absorbed. Quar.' R&vittoL
ktzt a check cpox all tour
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, APRIL 24 1851.'
I !; - -- ' j I , - - - Ml -
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun
Boston, April 4. A lugitive slave named
Symms, from Savannah, was arrested here! last
nighi. There vs con.ideralle excileirtent on
ihe' occasion.- OffiVer Bateman, who arresied
him, wa siaMied severely, in the groin byj the
negro, lie was commuted to ption to await
an investigation. The owner & the slave is
James Porter, of Chatham Coiwity, Georgia.
Second Despatch. : . ;
Boston, April 3 11 P. M.. Th warrant
for t tie arrt of the fugitive, Alfred S)ri)ms,
was granted at 1 o'clock to-day, by George P.
Curiii, E-q. P(ltceman Asa AV Bateman's
wound in the groin is to the depth of three inch
es, hut is not dangerous. After his arresj the
Ifiigiiive was placed in a carriage at the Wan-
couri hoUi.e, where he was eomihilted for the
tiihi in the lock up under the court house.
The tact hsiio gpuerally known this evening.
hence veiy little exciieuient pievailed. Ht re.-
sisten again at the door, out was soon over
cNme. 1 he owner ot the slave is here and
has fully recognized his property. ;
- Third Despatch.
Boston, April 4ih. Symms, the negrs fu
gitive aneaied yesterday, is ; claimed hy Jauifs
Poller, of Chaiham County, Georgia. The
claimant's testimony was heard this morning
in court, and fhe cae adjourned lo moriow.
A meeting had len called hy some nholiiion
incendiaries to denounce Sjrmms' arrrst. A
man was arrested last niht far ringing King
Chapel hell, wiih a view, il is supposed, ol
collecting a crowd to rescue the fugitive. He
was held to hail in the sum of $200, to answer
I he charge.
Note Our despatch, Irom ijs wording
would indicate lhat the person arrested was
Fletcher Webster, but this isso obscurel? sta
led lhat we on bear saving so.
Boston, April 4, 8 P. M. Apprehensions
are entertained of a serious riot to-night. Large
crowds of .negroes ar assembled in the neigh
bur hood of ihe Stale House, debating upon the
best plan of ' liberating the fugitive Symms.
Strong bodies of police guard the avenues lead
ing to the State' House, and the; authotities
evince every determination to uphold the au
premaeyof the law.
From the Nat. Intelligeneer.
THE TU1UMPH OF LAW. ;
Boston. April 12. After the decision
of Judge Woodbury, last night, that there
was no ground to interfere with the cer
tificate of Mr. Curtis remanding Sims,
preparations began to be made to convey
him back to Georgia. The brig Acorn
had been hauled to the end of Long
Wharf, having been previously fitted up
lor an extra number of passengers.
During ihe night the Court yHouse
Square was filled with a crowd of per
sons, who were collected in knots, dis
cussing the matter, and occasionally hoot
ing at the officers. There was. however.
nut little excitement maniiestea. ine
Abolitionists kept a close watch upon the
proceedings in and around the courts
About four o'clock this morning, a large
body of city watchmen, who had been on
duty during the night, were brought to the
neighborhood of Court House Square
City iMarshafTukey then assembled the
police under his command in front of the
side entrance to the court house, and
formed them into a hollow square.
All things being now ready, word was
given to Mr. Devens, the United States
Marshal, and Sims was brought down
and placed in the centre of the square.
He appeared to be in good spirits, his
limbs being free from irons or handcuffs
ol any description. The procession was
led by the United States Marshal and his
deputies, followed by the armed police.
Tbe party proceeded through Court and
State streets, and down Long Wharf, fol
lowed by about one hundred Abolition
ists, among whom was the Rev. Mr. Cob
ver. Not the least attempt at violence
was made, but Mr. Col ver and other per
sons in the crowd occasionally denounced
the proceedings, and called for the thun
derbolts of Heaven to be poured down
When the procession reached the wharf
the brig was found to be all ready, with
the steamer Hornet alongside, with the
steam up. Sims was taken immediately
intdlhe cabin. The Acorn had two can
non on board to protect her from any as
sault on the passage.
The word was given to let go the fas
tenings of the brig, and she w as soon un
der way. About thirty police officers ac
companied the vessel as fr as the steam
er went, as a protection. Four officers of
this city, including United Slates Deputy
Marshals Savin a..d Bryne. will accom
pany the fugitive in the vessel to Savan
nah. Just as the vessel was about to
leave the wharf, some of the crowd sang
several hymns, such as From Green
land's Icy Mountains," " Oh, there will be
Mourning' ' At the judgment seat of
Christ." Be Thou, oh God, exalted high,"
&c. One man, just as Sims was going
below, called out to him to preach liberty
to the slave ; and. as the brig was depart
ing, the Rev. Mr. Foster, of Concord, com
menced a prayer.
It was just five when the vessel left.
The Abolitionist Vigilance, Committee
met at half past five, and passed areso
Intion respectfully asking the people of
Massachusetts to toll the bells in thesev.
leral towns as the intelligence reached
jthera of the return of & fugitive slaye from
Do THIS, A50 LlBERTT IS SAFE."
Gen I Httrrison.
the Commonwealth. They have also an
pointed a meeting for public religious ser
vices on the occasion. A person with ra
ther loud" lungs, as the procession passed
down State street, recited the events of
the Boston massacre, that occurred in
that street before the revolutibn.j
The fugitive was warmly jind comfort
ably clad in garments , proyijdeii by the
United States Marshal. L?jst night he
said he was willing to go, and he had re
fused to sign any more -papers drawn up
by the Abolitionists, saying that he was
tired of the business.
'The military, in considerable numbers,
were at their armories and Fanuil Hall,
but there being no cause to call upon
them to act in the matter, and this morn
ing they were dismissed from further duty.
The ch ains have been taken down from
the court house, and it has resumed its
usuajj aspect. During the night Abby
Folsom was found lyingln tlie street near
the Temple, and, refusing to go home,
was taken to the watch house.
The Senate committee are'pushingtheir
investigation intothe conduct of he State
and city officers, in relation )o Sims, quite
closely. Marshal Tukey. in: his examin
ation, said : "I have not been ordered to
assist in taking the prisoner aivay, ex
cepting in the general order to preserve
peace. I think it my duty hereby to see
a prisoner conveyed beyond the line, of
the State. I think our presence will pre
vent a man from being killed. My men
have no weapons, such as fire j arms or
knives. Last night we put aWay All weap
ons in a safe place. My rtien. however,
hove drilled with arms loaned ihem by
the United States Marshal. I dbn't think
weapons will be needed, as some fifteen
hundred or two thousand ; perspns have
volunteered in preserving peace. One
hundred and fifty caulkers,lthree hundred
truckmen, a company of firemen, besides
merchants, bank directors, tradesmen, me
chanics, and many wealthy and respecta
ble gentlemen, have offered their servi
ces. I understood that a number of coun
trymen, excited by inflammatory appeals,
were coming to town this morning armed
with pitchforks, &c, and I had my men
posted ready to arrest them wherever
found." I i .
P. S. The brig Acorn, containing Sims.
is at anchor in Nantasket
count of the
northeast wind and thick
The people of Petersburg, after all. seem
to he manifesting considerable interest
in the Raleigh and Gufonj Railroad, and
there is some hope that they will see that
it so nenrlv concerns their welfare for
this rod to be kept up. that they will h
induced to subscribe promptly and liberal
lytoit. The Mayor called a public meet
ing of the citizens, to be held on yesterday
(Tuesday) "to consider whateoufse of ac
tion it may be for the interest of Peters
burg to pursue, with reference to the re
construction of the Raleigh and Gaton
Railroad, under the new charter made by
the State of North Carolina." The Intelli
gencer is urging this subject upon the
consideration ofthe ppople with much force
and demonstrating clearlv that it is of vi
tal importance to the trade of that place
that prVimpt measures should be taken by
her people. We sincerely trust that these
efforts will not be in vain, but that the
people of that place will show that they
intend to do their part in this work. In
the mean time, the friends ofthe road in
this Stat should not be idle, fof it will
take no little effort .to secure its success.
We do not wish to see this road go down,
but unless something better is dbne than
has been, we do not see much probability
of the company for its re construction be
ing formed. Raleigh Star.
SEWING MACHINES The N. York
Scientific American says there are two es
tablishmenfs in that city, one running 30.
nnd the other 50 of theses machines, bv
steam, turning out from 300 to 500 pairof
pantaloons in a day ! Another establish
ment in Boston runs 100 of them.
The sewing.says the American. j strong
er than the hand sewing, a'nd wholesale
goods made by it. are better and command
hiirher prices than fhe hanl made- clothes.'
We differ entirely fromfhe opinion that
the sewing is stronger. We are confi
dent it is not as durable ; and as to the ar
ticles commanding a higher price, it is
all in my eye. Or. if they do now, it is
because of the newness o
will not be so long. If the
the thing. It
machine can do
three times the work of a
man, and yet
of ithe article.
does not cheapen the cost
nor add to its value, of what benefit is it?
We look upon it in its present state, as
we do upon many other inventions' that
tend to put cheap and worthless! articles
in the market. I
It will answer very wel
to sevv the rot
are making by
ton cloth that some people
picking to pieces old wool;
mix with new wool for we
len clothes to
aving ! ! I
Good Hit. In the Convention to frame
the new Ohio Constitution
to allow negroes the right
to vote receiv
ed 12 votes and that to
the same rieht. 7. The Louisville Dem
ocrat exclaims thereupon-i-" What should
be thought of a State that likes niggers
VOLUME VII NUMBER 51.
Painful Rumors from the South. 1( ei
ther private or public information is to be
relied upon, another scheme of unlawful
violence, to be directed against the terri-
ory ol a friendly Power, in the form of
an attempt upon Cuba, if) on foot. We
have letters from the intehor of Georgia.
stating the departure of a number of per
sons for the Gulf coast, intending to meet
and organize somewhere on the coast in
he neighborhood of AppHlachicola. We
have from another point ip the same vi
cinify the subjoined more distinct state
ment of the fact of the departure of a
considerable body of men from that point
in me same direction. Ave cannot doubt
that the authorities ofthe United States.
Civil and Naval, will be on the look-out
to prevent or defeat this new attemnt to
dishonor this Republic in its own estima-
lon and in ihe opinion of all the civilized
world :iXat. Int.
From the Atlanta (Ga.) Intelligencer of April 10.
One hundred and twenty enterprising
ooking young men took the Macon and
Western cars from this citv this morning.
bound professedly for California, but it is
well understood here that their intended
destination is the Island' of Cuba. Sev
eral young men from Atlanta joined the
company before it left. It is, perhaps.
vorinyoi notice, in this connexion, that
halfado2en boxes of rifles were yester
day morning shipped on the Atlanta and
West Point railroad from this place.
P. S. WHITE, ESQ.
This gentleman visted Charlotte on Satur-
day last, and delivered Temperance Addresses,
in the afternoon and at night. He had full
houses on both occasions. He is an interesting
speaker, or at least his subject gives interest to
what he has lo say, and his inimitable manner
of relating ihe numerous anecdotes with which
he applies his subject, so rivets ihe attention of
his audience that ihey listen without becoming
weaYied 111 the least.. I he manner in which
he scored those opposed to the Temperance
Kelormaiiop, especially Ihe distiller " and
"ihe rum seller," was perfectly excruciating,
so much so, that we understand that some of
the latter, who were present, found the place
too hot for them. On Saturday night, afier Mr."
White concluded Mr. Osborne was called out.
Afier making a short Address his- with the ap.
peals of Mr. While to parents induced 42 per.
sons to give in-their names, including some of
our most respectable citizens, most of whom
have joined ihe Sons of Temperance.
On Tuesday night. Mr. White again address
ed a very crowded audience al the Court House,
the Preshyterion Church being considered too
small. We have never seen more interest
manifested on any occasion. After Mr. White
concluded Mr. Young was called out. He
made some very pertinent and forcible remarks
in favor of the cause. As soon as he took his
seat all were requested to come forward and
sign, when 45 persons enrolled.iheir names un
der the temperance banner. From the high
est to the lowest officer in our Town are Sons
ofTemperan.ee. Mr. White also proposed to
open a section of the Cadets of Temperance.
This proposition seemed to take wonderfully
with the boys, and following the example of
their seniors, 45 enrolled their names.
Every paient, who has sons growing up
rovght to feel interested in this cause, and as
for us. we will, in a short lime, give what in
fluence we may hatre to its success.
VELOCITY of LIGHT. The velocity
with which light passes from place to
place is so great, that, with respect to ter
restrial distances, there seems to be no
time occupied in its passage. But, by
means of astronomy, not only has the pro
pagation of light been demonstrated, but
also its velocity calculated with great pre
cision. From the observations which
have been made, it would seem that light
moves with the prodigious velocity of
200.000 miles in a second of time, and.
consequently, would pass around the earth
in the eighth part of a second. But to
form a clearer conception of its swiftness.
let us suppose that the sun were suddenly
to he extinguished. Now. immense as is
the distance of the sin from our globe
Oo.OflO.OOOof miles only abou' seven mm-
utes and a half would elapse before we
'would be phrouded in darkness. Aston
ishing as this conclusion may appear, no
result of science rests on more certain
The Darkest Hour of . An old Re
volutioner," who had been through all the queer, curious lor that is!"
hardest fights ot the war of '76, once said i Yes. but we have passed another that
that the darkest and most solemn hour of ; beats lhat the woman w ho has the larg
all to him, was that occupied in going est mouth is to have two husbands."
home one darknight, from the widow; Why, what !" exclaimed the old maid,
Bean's, after being told by her daughter
Sally that there w;as no earthly use in his
coming back any more.
Jesse McBride, who was convicted at
the last Term of Forsyth Superior Court
of circulating an incendiary pamphlet,
but appealed to the Supreme Court, also
made his appearance this day. as he was
bound to do. No action having been bad
the case at the late Term of the Su
Oil lr La.r ......
preme Court, on account (as is supposed
of some informality in the record, the ap
nrr, Ihn nr.
peal lies over, and he was again held to
bail in a bond of one thousand dollars for
his appearance at our next Superior
Court. People's Press.
A Nice Mixture. The London Times says that a
sample of coffee was produced at a meeting in lhat city,
which was composed of " burnt peaf, dog biscuit, pow
dered earth aod other mater'a!t too horrid to mention."
To provide for a Geological and Agricul
" tural survey ofthe StaW . " '
Sec. 1J Be it rnacted hy the General
Assembly of the State of North Carolina,
and it is hereby enacted by-tbe authority ,
of the. same That the Governor shall, as
soon as practicable, select and appoint
some suitable person to conduct, under
the general supervision of himself and the
Literary Board, a Geological.! Mineralo
gical. Botanical and Agricultural survey
of the State. j
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted. That it
shall be the duty of tbe person so selected
and appointed, to examine and survey
each and every county of the State, to
ascertain the different geological forma
tions of each county and section of the
State; the nature, character and value
of its minerals; the nature and charac-
terof its soils, and the best mode of inH
proving the same ; the nature and kind of
its productions, their position and relative?
value; its facilities for manufactories ;
the extent and value of its water power;
the character and value of its botanical
productions; the character and value of
its timber; and all other facta connected
with the subjects of geology, mineralogy,
botany and agriculture, which may tend
to a full development of the resources of
our State: and that the said person; so
selected and appointed to conduct said
survey, shall be authorized to employ such
agents and assistants to be approved of
by the Governor, as may be necessary to
enable him speedy and successfully to ac
complish the objects commited to his
charge ; and he shall, from time to time,
communicate to the Governor, to be by
him communicated to the Legislature, n
report or reports, in writing.-setting forth
fully the results of his survey; which re
ports shall be published under, the super
vision ot the Governor and Literary Board.
Sec. 3. Be il further enacted. That the
expenditures incurred by said survey shall
not exceed live thousand dollars per an
num, to be paid by the public: Treasurer,
upon the warrant of the Governor, out of
any moneys in the Treasury-not other
wise appropriated. j ' .
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted. That it
shall be the duty of the person making
such survey to deliver lectures upon the
subjects committed to his charge, in the
villages through which he shall pass:
Provided, that he shall not thereby delay
his other duties.
Ratified 24th January. 1851.
STOCKHOLDER'S MEETING. ,
At'a. meeting of tbe North Carolina Stock
holders of tbe Charlotte and S. Carolina Rail
Road, in Charlotte on the 5i b of April. 1851.
On motion of J. H. Wilson, Rev. Cyrus John
ston was called to the Chair, and Samual J.
Lowrie and E. C. Grier were appointed Se
cretaries. The President ofthe company, E. G. Palm
er, made a statement as to the progress of tbe
Road and an explanation of proceedings of th
late meeting ollhe South Carolina Directors al
Winnsbonrugh, and stated that the resolution
passed by that bdy were improperly worded,
and that no disrepect to the N. Carolina Stock
holders was intended.
The following Resolution was offered by
Wm. Johnston, Eq., which was unanimously
Resolved, That we are much gratified at the
success of the Charlotte and South Carolina
Rail Road as far ns completed, and that we do
hereby authorize :he President and Director!
to call in all the North Carolina Stock as fast
as may he nccetary for the seedy completion
of ihe Road.
The meeting ihen adjourned.
CYRUS JOHOSTOX,' Chairman.
S. J. Lowrie.
E. C. Geikr
Small Mouth One Husband Large,
Two. Old Gov. L , of Vermont, was
one ofthe most inveterate jokers of the
early times, in which he figured. An an
ecdote istold of him, which has never
been related in print, and never can be
perhaps with much effecf.but we will try it.
One fall as he was returning from the Leg.
islature on horseback, as tisim al that day, j
he was hailed from a house by a garru
lous old maid, who had often annoyed him
with questions respecting public affairs.
Well, Governar," said she, coming out
towards the road, what new laws have
: you passed al Montpelier, this time ?
j Well, one rather singularlaw, among
j the rest," he replied.
"Dew tell ! Now. what is it. Govern- j
or?" asked jbe excited querist.
Whv. that the woman in; each townvl
who has the smallest mouth, shall be war
ranted a husband."
Why, what !' said she, drawing her
- I mouth to the smallest compass, "jbat a
j instantly relaxing her mouth and stretch
ing it wider at every syllable, - wnai a
remarkable law that is Avhen does it
come in force. Governor "
At this, the Governor put spurs to bis
horse and vanished. Green Mountain
. . m
Letters of Fire" litis until lately been An
of those stock phrases of poets, in use since
Hianer's time. It is understood as being en-
, . , - . . . . ,. r . J, . .. r..m
j T v T I ? hi T I f,7 j
1 I?,, 1 Uirmirk. ihe hatier. in the first Storf Ol
- I - - - - - " ' ' '
j the Irving House, has written his name in, ac-i
1 til I P.remi! material Pas liilht. Al SOOfi at'
Broadway grows dark, ihe word' M Wornock,'J
funned by a hundred jets of gas, blazes out
over tbe street from his window, lighting lhaj
way to a choice awl elegant slick of hats. -
Mr. Warnock. it i cler does not hide his light
' under n bushel i n!o proved by tt ulftf
j of bis bats. X Y. Tribune.