i t tu ns oi rut cisoiiu irimuijLV.
J. ..wrioiionj per yesr, T Dollars payable ia
' J 1,,'m. Bui if not paid in advance, Twoi Dollars
I !nJ fifty centajw?ir he charged. -, -
L ...msmc.itS inserted at Qlj-for the first, and 25 eta
ivri W1 l 'fc ub9-Jurnt insertion. Coujrt orders
i fkrip-J 25 r"f Wf11 higher than these rates.) A lib-
f nl deduction td!those who advertise by the! year
Joxksvillk, N. Cl, June 20, lp5I.
.1,.. Editor htt lYmiore interesting than
public elimination of a taluable Seminary ?
.L ' v..-...wI.L.. 1J .L IL!IJ
lfre meet -ine nung nuu mc uio, wie cauaren
;lbfifretj!fo celebjale tbe eflbri.and
ftfrf r laborious session. ye Dajve at.
lft,iJc(J fiarmnril joni of Schools and Academies,
L,wc have rierer been nboro delighted (ban
-it were ''h l'? eiercisejs of yesterday and
;0day, ' ihe Jonef ville jAcaderhies. J These
yhooN are coniucled byjjthe. Rev. VmT L.
-Vari Baton, Al f.,and Milss. ElizabcthlSher.
trw-k'. M fi0 commoa for committees to
jomplirti,,.nl trahfrs, tiiat jwe (eel a delicjacy in
si"e w"a' "lfl''?irP i"1' K' '""r readers con-
j-rue as th'')- pi'?-", we art construed jo say
i ii ' ri i' ....... ri. .c..
woio. .Mr. tjnii r.a:mi ift uiib oi iur rnpst in.
prions and energetic teachers ; and more
ifcio thi. h! teaches because he loves toUeach,
great secret of successf with all teachers.
lie is a craduaffcrf Emory and Henry College
ir.J with, his education and! qualities just j men-
;i.ned recommends himself to the liberal pa-
tfoie f a liberal public. Miss Sherbrooke,
be "principal of the Female Department is a
4v!uMe of the Palapsco Female Institute! Md..
ynNrthe clurg of Mrs.; Lincoln Phelps.
Jii S. will excupe us, should this meet her eye,
if we obiervp, tbat lho biiijianry of her jmind
ami lirr rare arrpii-omenta jwill not only sicure
rofii(enc and respect of ajl, but their
warmr.-t admiration, beljore we allude; par
irglatly to die piaminaliorjjo recommend the
?ri.iui.iofi to the public up&n another ground.
b? healihfulijess of the pUce, its good society,
tnJ therelitotJj fcharacler of the people, Jbnes-
Iil.jtii lh(; verylplare for aMrmaneni At-adc.
fni-an Acadeiny of ihe bheft rade. But
3 rhe exercises just .passed;;
Thi exaininaliivn commeiiced on Thurbday,
jcslfiday) and, jtluring the day classes were
jxamincil in Atllhmt'lic, Geography, English
(irammar, Kheioric, Chemistry, Natural Ifhilo-
wipby, Asironorny, Atgebru, Botany, lUtin,
''. i. - '.I i. i . ii ? .. .. i
vnr. 4nu i ieiiu.il. in an or inese studieji, the
nut)ijs acfj!)itted;hemselvesMn such a majnner
ii refli'ded honor bth up.in ihemselvosl and
Jlieir teacher?. Tho" attention of the commit
j'e was particularly attracted by the accuracy
prornniness'rwith which i ho
frfurmed in that very impnirtaitl, but too iofien
fleeted scjeni-e, Arithmetic. j
Often durfngjthe hours k examinatioi the
Jidience was highly entertained by the grains
muaic from the Tiano, arc-ompanied wijhthe
flodious songs from ihe .'oung ladies.! In
nJ the profiricney atuJ ski I exhibited, reflect
filit upon AIi'm Sherbrookj.
inre .Ca liuiii. tl, if rrl,
y one more item epeciallf demands corlside
ion. AVe allude to the specimens of paint.
; that decorate the Iwaflj. Among hem
?re several renresentaliormb nt,,rui
0.i Fiiday, (to-day) was devoted to public
unafiofj l.y the )oung gentlemen, and th
Jmz ol Composition?, music and the perl
ffoi a colloQuy hy the young ladies.
fJ not maae invidious irnmiinriM.
, , - (i.i i.-wipj,
'te were-icvoral very superior .omnoHiions:
be coll,iy was something ,,PW, and was one
the moit iemitiiiil tw..i.i . ,
w- " i"-1 i"i in.iui es we ns
.: ; I . , J j
t T I . lRH J ,
J. J. BRUNER,
Editor Sf Proprietor.
A CHECK UPCX ALL TOri
ATE DESTRUCTIVE FIRE AT
Tl . -
auo aicamer orweeni Cttu. with A at
irom&an Francisco to the 15th u timn
i . . "
as arrived at New York. She bri
wards of five hundred passensrers
nearly 6800,000 in gold. She haL not
Jrooght the mails from the Pacific boast.
Ihe recent conflagration at San fVan-
Do this, axd Lbertt is safe.'
VOLUME VIII-NUMBER 0.
N- ---. i
'f JCtvn, to .cfW .d sWaJfl!
Fiona sad after th 9ntJ t ,er, '
7 - wr eae newtw
per not exceed three ounce, ia weihu the aDJ.
ed me. per quarter are to be paid quarterly in ad
Tance, These me. ly apply where the paper l.
tU from the office of publication to actaal aadL
Jut subecribers. t
C, THURSDAY, JULY 3 1851.
ciscooccurred in the night of the
May. The following account of it
rived from the Alta California,'! the
newspaper office that escaped the almost
general destruction :
7" fancisco agam in acs.4-Th
...v. aim names are ascendn o-'f rn,J
eral squares of our city, as if tbe Jod of
ucat. uaion nau seated himself in our bidst
ana was gorging himself and all his!min
isters of A
1 , -- -"....luu uu me ruins of our
uoometi city and its DeonU. AhJnt u
o clock last night the cry ol "fire" startled
every one like an earthquake. Tb'e fire
had just commenced in a paint shop on
the west side of Portsmouth square8, ad
joining the Bryant House, ds formerly
called, but more recently the American
Hotel. It was but a slight blaze Lvhen
lirst seen, but in five minutes the whole
upper story was lull of flames. Before the
engines could get- upon the ground and
commence playing, ihe American I
on one side, and a store, occupie
Messrs! Rhodes'as a furnishing esta
merit, were in flames.!
The buildings in the vicinity beirj
of wood, and extremelv mmhnrihlJ
lire spread up Cfay street, back tnvkrrl
oacramento, and down Clav tnvi-
Kearny with frightful raniditv. hi
had full command, and the department
could only, work upon the borders anid en
deavor to check its progress by antifaipa
ing it. In this they succeeded on the rtorth
a,uc "ciore 11 reacned Uupont street I; but
in every other direction in which it iould
snrpufl it f
. . iuun iW uvvu uuurse. 1 nPTH v
Li. 1 fc"J
Miuie chance o save much of the mvea-
l"c ooutn it spread to Bush
wuougc, ook brothers stores
a a Sae, 1 he Jennvl !find Theatre,
Adams & Co's Express offieel and the En
gine house are among the buildings burnt
I he destruction of the Uniori Hotel in
volves a loss of 8250,000. Messrs. Adams
& Co. saved their books, &c. The depos
ites of Wells and Co. are saifed.
The list of sufferers innbid th-
r '- ... VMtj imiuis
01 seven nundred firms and individuals.
Among: the heaviest are J, B. Biddle
nS6eld, bach & Ca'.
ZTT- V oiarKey an Brother, 8150.000 :
njf,o imn JiHey, 125 000; Otten-
be.mer. IJ,rsch & Co.. 8130,000; Moore,
I V- 1
ner &ComDanv. -SI an ndn . ni
Byrre-aux & Grisar. 8147.000; E. Mlckle
& Company, 8150.000; Midoleton & Se
lorr 8250 000; W. H. Robinson. 30.000;
Wehber & Hammond, 830,000 ; Baker &
nnn uKenun f,50'000 ; C' J rown' 630.
000 ; Heath & Emory, Col vin, ! Paige & Co
830 000 ; Paign and Webster, 830.000
nnai f'000 5 Davis and Smi
630.000 ; Exchange. 830.00; Dickinson
House. 8IG.000 ; J. S. Owe. 850,000 ,
with numerous other mercantile houses.
varying from twenty to thirty thousand
fl'l a - 1 - .
to the esti-
pach. Ihe total, according
mates, cannot be less than fifteen millions
lime, soda, and salt that it is as hard
as the most durable stone. These sub
stances are taken from the waters of the
ocean, separated by the animal formed in
the waters from whence they were taken
and made insoluble in thesamelsubstance'
in which they were held in solution. This
peculiar chemical separation the precip
itation of each substance, in the singular
manner performed by shell-fish In the fab
rication of their domicils-has hever yet
been attained by the most learned and
practical chemist. The littl rnUl
14 iu a ill 14
n- i5 45 an ik ti 1 1
2000 m. 100 60 40 on l l
and, i he Pacific, and on e " ormilt., - - m
" I - - ww A W I W
line of modern fir . orer 50 miles,
with ,h. c.a r w .vorrc5na ::-kso 30 m
" ui nncieni limes. The n -wnooTer iuou
v.vUlu.auon 01 coral reefs and isl- Over 2000
Tn.U J o 1 ...
--W.U a..u oouin America, has diminished
the ocean liquid sufficiently to alter the
seacoasts of Europe-projecting them fur
ther into the sea. One remarkable fact
in this diminution of the shores of the
Mediterranean, which appear to be high
er now than they were formerly, is par.
-.-uiany snown in the Straits of Gibral
are to be delivered free in the i., -k. 7?
publd ; and thi. although conveyed io the ffiaii orer
Six men were burnt to nVat b
J ! mi .
Lewis Richland. Edward lUf!oh;ii t
on Greenbann, Reuben Bakerl, Nesbaum,
and hoserlthal. Many individ
srMUUSI) ournc and otherwise! injured a
mong them General James Wlilson. Vic
orous measures have been nlo,i ,Di
for rebuilding: the burnt ditriAt ,n,l h.,;i
w - 't, IIU UUJi"
umgs were going up in all directions.
-er w.tneMe.1, The characters represented
'fere fen. lint u ..... l.i.i-
finally, Ihe committee wciuld observe,1 that
ex'amihation was conducted in such m;.n.
iribat every t,tent gaW evidence that be
v-r.. jMwuM.n on Any particular por-
bf the reit. bnl thai t.io '
..... ,3 jni-oarauon was on
"hole. , T
The fact that ayery Urge! concourse of
jonrihe adjoining counties, a? as
niaiter of i'ihIii! ill inn in iko
fl lBe Acaaemy is. nrDiicrlii o.i.,:... i 1.
wxt session commences on Monday the
""''.V. It is honed that n vrv ......
street, and to the east part of Jackson
street, sweeping every thing from east of
uupont street to the wharves. I
'I he blocksrbetween Dupontand Kear
ny streets, west of Portsmouth square, as
far as Bush, street, three in number ae in
ashes, between Bush and Jackson and
Kearny and Moutgomry st's. five squares
in number are all burnt down. Between
Montgomery and Sansome, and l3ush
and Jackson streets, five squares in num
ber, all are burnt down. Besides these
thirteen blocks, almost every building of
which is destroyed, there are many others.
It ic imnfitiiklr. ,i . . . .1 . 1
- uiywiuic iu cvru jjuss an me
number of buildings or the amount of prop
erfy destroyed., A thousand buildings is
within the, bounds of trnth. we judgejand
810,000.000 could not replace the terjrible
destruction. -Some place it twice or three
rimes as high. It is sufficient to say that
more than three-fourths of the business
part of the city is nothing but smouldering
The principal buildings destroyed are
e following, to wit - The Custom house.
Union Ilofel. Parker House. Jonas'
tel. Adelphi Theatre, Dramatic Musf urn.
National-Ilotel, New World, City Hotel.
Delmonico's Merchants' Exchange, Post
Office Building, the. ships Niantic and
General Harrison, and every newspaper
office except the Alta California. 1 -Nearly
or quite all the banks are ir) the
burnt lifri Hi
- ... num. 1 --...V ouiuirr aim lO., VYeilS
! ladies nml inniL..... ...:n 1 ar,A CS T 1 T.": e tm- . L- .
ff the h,8,iV..i; . 71," M,,c"" Wl" iving 01 viniam. tne Me
'e institution at the j be.n,nin,r r a . r
11 te;on 0 o "uw ciim viiirricau noieis. ine lie ire re
nouse. and the office ol the Pacific Mail
Steamship Company, are all consumed.
Not a house was left on LeidesdorlT street,
and every 'thing on both sides of ijong
wharf to beyond Whitehall was destroyed.
Scarcely a fire-proof building in the 1
Nvuoie ournt atstrict has stood the test.
J. II. PRICE,
"cstroy Cockroaches. M r nL
ZlZr"), U,mS' i as hare are tbeCalifornia Exchahge,
"llowi 1! Doradoerandah. and the buildings
From the Xatioual Intelligencer.
Among the many subjects which hav
attracted; the attention of both ancient
and modern philosophers, and at times
been discussed with great ability and zeal
by Dff Mallet and others, is tljie constant
and certain diminution of the (Sea-, or the
observable decrease of the waters of the
fteean. Facts can be produced to show
jthat the ocean line of coast has frequent
ly altered, projecting itself intj) the sea ;
and that rocks have appeared above the
water which were known in ftjrmer days
to . have been considerably , immersed.
These facts have been attributed bv some
to volcanic action, and by othjers to the
gradual rising of the land by inferior heat,
expanding beneath and fbrcind the mass
bove to rise. But we propose to show
that all these phenomena of the change
in the ocean line of seacoast, and appear-
..i;C ui rocKs aoove the water is caused
by a constant diminution of thi waters of
the ocean ; and that a process is at all
times going on by which the substances
held in solution in the ocean waters are
converted into solids. In order to make
this subject plain and lucid, all technical
scientific nomenclatures will be avoided,
and even the names of the bus;,' and dif-
ferent classes of architects in 'the great
i 1. c .... i
voik oi-consolidation of the vst unfath
omable ocean will be called by simple
names. The object of a scientific know
ledge is not to cover up science by names
which can be only translated by the learn
ed, but simply to make smooth the paths
of Nature, and open her deep Iresources
of knowledge and Nature's facis plainly
and concisely. I shall endeavor1 to do this
in simple terms, and beg the leajrned and
scientific savan to excuse me if ii use the
vulgar terms and names, instead of the
learned classifications set down by them
selves. Now to my subject.
The sea, or the waters of the
house, is. Pfinalltr iirltU iU. Ilii r 1
, --....j i.u me auen nsn, an
accomplished architect and scientific che
mist. He selects his materials from
the ocean, separate them, mixes them in
proper proportions, and forms them into
solids, in the same medium from which
the materials were taken. Each work
man performs his part, abandons it when
finished, and gives place to another set. as
systematically as the others, ant more so
than either the bricklayer, the carpenter,
or plasterer in a modern building. These
CI,Ur, 1 1 1 . r
ouu,"cleru tana-ocean mechanics and
chemists never fail in their worjc, nor in
terfere with each other. We never see a
univalve attempting to fabricate a bi-
valve's mansiofi ; nor do we sep a tree
coral working on tfcie mansion of a mush
room ; buUeach builds his own structure,
and then gives place to another charac
ter of workmen at the moment! he is re
quired to commence. The first (nechanic
in this great work of the diminution of
the ocean i fh irau til-
. . v ntw-wvmi. A.UIS nine
insect generally (I may say always) se
lects the deepest water of all this tribe to
work in ; his foundation requires a flat
surface ; here he fastens his base, and
commencesthesuperstructure. The whole
body commence their work at he same
time, and continue unceasingly pntil their
forest city is completely built. iNo mis-
take is made ; not one is out of its proper
position, but each regularly anil beauti-
fullyvarranged, and in such a mariner that
neither storms, waves, nor other causes
can displace or throw down their man-
sions are now abandoned, and the little
ifWCwuauiu units oil! to some
other bank, there again to form bis forest
house. . He is now replaced by another,
who subtracts from tbt liquid ocean his
l 1 A. I -
which silentlv. snr.lv n,l !!.,.:" k T V PassaS of the Dardanelles.
, ounouicu mem 10 very
different causes from those herein stated.
This process ol island making is among
the most wonderful and simple of Nature.
We first perceive an innumerable and al
most imperceptible number of minute in
sects forming a solid mass, which in time
reaches the surface of the ocean. This
coral rock reef now becomes the home of
multitudes of shell fish, that die and depo
site their shells and fill up the reef com
pactly, even with the water ; kelp attach
es itself to the rocks, and the action of the
sea during gales tears much of it off and
deposites it among the crevices, where it
decays. The Sargossa plant finds its way
by the innumerable currents of the ocean
to these islands, and is thrown upon them
in vast quantities, forming a temporarv
soil, the sea bird seeks the place for food,
as the sea weeds contain many myriads
of little marine insects. The birds enrich
the deposites already there; and now
comes the everlasting mangrove, seizing
hold with its tendrils of the sharp points
of coral, and firmly attaching itself to
them. Here, then, is an island, the whole
of which has been formed from the solid
contents of the ocean, which had been
held in solution from the beginning of
creation, nothing of which can be return
ed to it, as the whole substances have
been rendered insoluble in water by the
2d- Newspaper, containinjr not ovrr 300 i-.il
3d. Pobwsher. of newspaper, are allowed to exchaU
free of port., one copy of each number only ; and this
privilege extend, to newpaoer. publiahed m Canada, f
4th. The weight of new-paper. mu,l b taken or do
termmed when they are in a drv state. I
5th. Po-traaster. are not entitled U Wive newipa.
per. free of po.ta;e under their frank jf; privilege. I
6th. Payment in advance doe. not entiUe the party
paying to any deduction from the above rates. f
Rates or To-tag. to be barged upon U r.nnef
nevipaper, and every other description of PrinUi
Matter, except Nevepaper. and Periodicals, publish,
ed at tnterraU not exceeding three month, and oent
from the office of publication to actual and bona J
i' ot e. tor eich ddi-2 i s
tiona! ounce, or fraction of , c
an ounce, beyond the ten S s'o
ounces, in this table, nddi- : 5
twin! t.. n. :tl aV. .1 . I .
s g j
One 07.., or under
'er 1 oz., not over 2 ounce., 2
DIRECTIONS. ' T
1. On every transient neHr.paper, nnaled circular;
hancbiH , engraving:, pamphlet, periodical, magazine
book, and every other description of ,rinted m.tter, ths
.We rates must in all case, be prepaid according 4
2. Whenever any printed matter on which the port!
a?e required to be prepaid, .hall through the batten!
ton of Postmaster,, or otherwise, be sent without pre!
payment, the .am. .hall be chareed-with double tha
3. Bound book, and parcel, of Drinted m.t.., J -
weighing over 32 ounce., .ball be deemed mailable mat
Periodical, publi.hed at interval., not exceeding threi
months, and sent from the office of publication to actual
and bona fid tiWk. . . ... 1
neeulinr rbmol ...u- u , . u.,, re 10 oe cnarged with on.
r T. l',wcaa wmcu rentierea rates mentioned in the last above table, and
It Solid. Here is a DroceSS whirb mnCf ' Prepayment of a quarter's vr iK-r . .4
I .a. 14 o 1 y , I fe v.vvi III UBl m Kjl
in time, enclose the Caribbean sea and
Gulf of Mexico, making them lakes ; ab
stracting from the gulf and this sea near
ly all their salt, soda, and lime, and leav
ing fresh water lakes, similar to those of
Erie, Ontario, &c, which at some former
CUffc'H rw rpnniruil T .! 1 .....
x criouicai. puwihed at intervals of
more than three month, are charged wirt, tK f.,i! M.J
which must be prepaid.
Note. In case there is on or in any newspaper, pen-
odical. namnKUt ..! j r-
r-...r...v., U1 uulct Fnmea matter or paper eon
ucuru ",erewun- any manunpt of any kind by which!
information shall be asked for, or communicated in wri!
umicimis, passes tnem throughih s laho- ed intn mt.ra , .,
" i " """ oiian, ur 1101 wiuer man a
ra.ory. and forms another species of man- few days Irom continent to continent.-
sion, uniting in a solid mass the forests of
his predecessor, abandons it and crawls
off to another forest. He then isjsucceed
ed by another, and another succeeds him,
until the reef becomes an island. Salt.
tl n rr rr Kv mUa . .1 .
---kv v u w inai h ur ki rrn m k. i
1 , . . ... m7 vmu Dewspaper. periodi
period may have been salt. And by this Pphlet, or other printed matter beX. S
process the Pacific ocean will be narrow- 1 to ,ett" Psta?e i and ; the duty of the PctmaMeI
r u,e wrapper, and envelope, from all printed
This stupendous work of continent mak
ing is one necessary to the future wants
of man, who must eventually increase in
numbers to populate all the known ara
ble lands now awaiting his increase.
soda, and lime ar th
' , . . r. pc, uigicu.- inese torming lands are situated within
ichth C07h0SVhiS ,S0'id LbaS" " th0se P"llels condaciv. to prodo
which there is to be form,d ear,h, trees, liveness. where the materials required for
and other vegetat.on Tins sunerstruc ! lhe sus.enance of the human Le are
lh ! "T meS hru0f i"nUmer-! easiy 8wn. and distant from the inhos
able tertaceousmisratorv fish, whioh fnrm ! m . ,
. . ' " ' j F"" nu cnmares 01 the extreme !
uuai u. Miens irom the same source j north or south : where thev
matter and pamphlet, not charged with letter postage!
for the purpo. of ascertaining whether there i. upon 01
connected with any .uch printed matter, or in .neti
package, any matter or thing whieh would authorize oe
require the charge of a higher rate of poetage thereon.
N. K. 1 1 ALL,
Post Office Dei-artmext, June 11, 151.
as the coral insect.
Let us illustrate the fbrmation'of shells,
coral, &c.,and show the diminution of the
ocean by this process. Let us box up a
certain space in the ocean, say about one
ly created, and vegetation brought for
ward as much by the aid of climate as
Our attention is drawn to the numer
ous shell fish principally from their beau-
The following Ub!e t. forth the date, of th. UrJ
tions which are to be held during the month of Aueuat
lknlin..M.l 1 C . Y -. . .. !
iuuuuu pouuus 01 water. Within this j ty, and we use them mostly as a mere!
space all the varieties of coral insects can ornament for the parlor table. But, when j
NEUSE RIVER IMPROVEMENT.
r 1 . .
perform their work : and all thp nnm... w ,u ' .... t , wur reaaers on :Neu,! KMrer in iho
cos she,, Hsh take ,e ir p.aee and ahst 7, "ZT. ' S'i.K !
from the waters- th a m.tpr ! tk;. tl,i ... . ' . r. neiu recr ntiy at Smith. .
. . ; ; "i'g. fxtra space, no depar- held to take into consideration the improve,
aomicns, when all have finished, let us j ture from scientific princinles : their arrh. ' ment of Xeuse Ri ver. and also th rt n..
be has tried the l..ll..u.;.w. . .. ; ;j-ay 'M Dorado, Verandah, and the build ns-s comnnserl nrHv r -i:.i ..k.L , , j weigh the water, and we will find if h' ifMiirA hoft,;ri . i- , by the lalt Le.ial.itiiri in(.n,,,Ar9i;-ik. v
. ,r , " '"b aHu iuuiiu i per. n paniom u. i i l i it . i r ounu ouusiances, ne a i , w.u,-.,,ui , mcir coloring ana or- r . . 'r'0"' '" ui
J Actual i Mer Jol Captain Howard, in which was the 0ni-! in it;rtn c ! , I lost n weiffht the amonnr of maf.;i ! o . T . . , River Nav,gation Comoanr. Ths Smi.hfi.M
n ' f ' iinu ,
sea, are I
I . . .,1 ' "..i.i I J IHC IOI
?- P'an, I Will vv-arrant them that
,ML anrj coefcrn.if i will it I.. ..:.J '
litfiaf ik.. i .jTl ... T! . u--aPPear,
teu states assaying otiice of Moffat and
on Montgomery street. The offi
r cnron,,l! Iry Ihe followinrr 1
llinrn it,.., : ... li
PPT of f tlO .f?l1(.f rtm U . . r . ll !
. ,..vy vuoiunriiuusr saeu ine specie
r . i - . . . i
' luij-, auuiiiiix them wad I i. ... -r,-! ' nraispp f- m -.i . J 1
j crumbl- nil . J J "',,,r,1 tt,,u lu,,w,ccl1' vuncuior, anu a. num-
in ,he nav' departmpnt,
, ,; lTt k,,cn AfaIh i' 11 be had all of their private effects destroyed.
nOlt 1!' Th book-n!. PaP-s of the department
tfer,,,,;. .i.. ... ; V paoes, were nearly all saved. The Iare fin tpd
aevou ihm ITPaoj;i 1 r T"1 jr an savea. ine
. ZZf, lL??U-iVM ' S'MeS bo,,de1 "house. c
. perjsnea. i had .occasion to havi. K ' .i i. I ,
orations iri.ulfl in iKiL.;,K. i . wut lv" uuubna ions ol iJ
r Ru"bed this plain, and A
''o( wirif,., !,r.,l i
wingnd dried mminmiea of dehmn
in solution. Some of these are salt, soda,
and lime. It
meeting proposes lo hold a Convention ol Del.
-! i - (iiiii'Pii in lurkrioara ooi-i nni .. . . ..t..i . .1 . ...
i vvirn thuco i t v " iuuiivuii uvii ni u rveri k v h hiksp iiiiip nnimaio ... i, K 1 .. i ,
"or. tuicc wBimve ., . . J -J-, ...... im uniriy enougll firs irnm tne counties nterelH in iK
principally to deal. From these kre man.! Du,,a,n& and tne waters would not , life and motion to enable them to move i provement, at Kinston, on the ih of Julv ne.r
en will not fflrruin be infestt' 1 of office by castinjr it into a well. 1 ufactured shells, coneealpd r.nrLl Mnfc occupy as much space. If transferred to ' from place to nlace. are th arM,;,, and appointed delegate, to represent Johnston
CaaVlerP07!b,;,r lTd,rd arseni; ! AbAoutT'00,00a , r SaVed ,his W4- banks, throughout trie ocean I ano,her boX' the waters wou,d be found ployed in forming numerous islands and ZL,'! "V" h'ld tl
i:r.M,3r,l'1 J md boi,ed H- A"J- 9avaI Mr. BrownLp- denths. Th. Flnri a ;i I II!" to have been diminished. This. ! then, is ! extensive continents foe r. LA, 1' n 1 Ue,da l (or ,he
of Mexico, and all Polynesia, or nearly j Process by which the waters of the j man, and slowly, but surely, diminishing ' The improvement of Xeuse River, so as lo
all. are takeri from the solid suhstan ! ocean are slovv,y but certainly diminish- the vast unfathomed ocean to the narrov I make il naviffa''le at all seafons of the year.
held in solution by the waters of tlje ocean. !ing0ntheearth' The waters are becom- measure of a mere strait-possiblv to a VlVl"! h'
lhe formation of enra ilonrU n in souas. rivulet. YVhiUt man ; fiiKrr n niefr;.i t j .. . . !
7i . j w- "inn, on nje i v.. vwuinijr orueuaieu ny me Uenlral
rc)chn. il'k:. "
l if . .."PPra'aiice wa not
n n irirt 1 1 1 r. k i a . i . ... i
t ik i , perceptiii
!Tt 4 Karsbaveielapsed,
the slightest perceptible srpell
vpars'hsvi. ... '
'i , ; v v y' "ru, hoc one
lb LP'?C,,C ",jr remai"ing crumbs
i f1 UP ,be next rtiortiing. !
, : tr y
ravf'Lk- -'Hiuiuaie ior congress
. ifjhing, backing out from the; Se-
be riwnnps ' he advocated in. the
3. .A", ,t o . ; 3 m ine
ortA Slate Whig. !
U hrr- ; :
in. . i ; ' i
'Vita0??1 .?f Specie Ported from
Ti fC ,Week HtJ'n& 7th, was
ir .. Rnd tbrt n rn .... . ; ' i
0M)q i "luuum imporiea
e formation of coral island in the
Containing a- i nmnn is mnct c'rrnla. : . Lj- ...
Merchandise. ,iLr..i mi ...... . j
in bond, was saved. ucnuK 1 ne ,,tne Dusy scientific work
The banking houses will all resume bu-
siness in the course of the week. When
Bursovne's safe VVHi finpnpH million
ml vaa V lii I I lilUIJ
five hundred thousand dollars was taien
out not singed or damaged in the least1.
The fire swept every thing down on he
easterly side ot Kearny street, and all the
intervening blocks to Battery street. The
snipping in the harbour providentially es
caped. The only vessels burnt were the
men employed in this species df archi
tecture are so very minute that it Requires
a powerful microscope to show even the I elner on the surface of the oceah, deriv
semblance of some of them, while others I in a,! their substance from it, or adhere
Hllf Otbpr PnlKPB QFO nlrlinn ,'n 1 .
. ... caiuiu ui me grcrti , iiu ma pi ugcuj , tue nine coral in-
work, such as the ocean plants, such as ! sect and its adjuncts are filling the ocean
kelp, and particularly the SargosU plant, j with islands and continents for man's in-
or gulf weed. These materials grow j heritance. Yours, &c.
can be detected by the naked eyei Thev
jire divided into separate classes, and each
class is perlectly master of his business.
We find them not only practical workmen,
but scientific architects and chemists.
to the coral formations and assist'in form-
ing islands. This process of islapd-form-ing
is uniting in one great mass) all the
Antilles, the great mass of islands in the
Pacific, China with Japan, and finally
W. D. PORTER.
ij. . J wu. ui .iv vuc j vi.iiuv,to auu UUCilllSlS. ... w, ...vu papain OHM liliail
Enroll?' AP"0;.andJn5General Harrison : Let any one who feels an interest in this I wil1 unite the whole of the Pacific isles
"'-'i'o. vyaiuoriiia. iunntjnmrv nnA
j Sansome, Commercial, and Clay streets
vere iieariy aestroyep:.
The Sacramento Hotel is blown up!
Howard .Green's building, containing
many valuable law libraries, Jones's fjo
tel. the Savings Bank, and Dodge & Go's.
Express Office Agents' Buildings, Califor-
stjbjecMake up a few shells, a singl
vaive, a doubje and triple valve t exam
ine them closely ; he will find the interior
othe shell is composed of lime mixed
with a large proportion of soda, and, as
h approaches the exterior, it will be seen
to beso mixed with the three substances
I i I
with the continent of Asia diminishing
the ocean by this accumulation bf solid,
and, in fact, diminishiug the waters of the
earth by many millions of square fmiles.
This theory is no wild and visionary
speculation. Already have topographers
and surveyors discovered that their sea
Rail Road. It was the intention of ih ! .;..
lature that chartered Central Road to make the
improvement of the Neuse a connecting link
between the East and the West. It is now
fixed beyond all doubt that the Road will touch
at Waynesboro,' and that a depot and ware,
bouse will be constructed there. This ensures
an immediate connection between the Road
and (be Rirer Improvement, and opos two
markets in iVortA Carolina to the productions
of the West.
Ol the practicability of lhe improvement pro.
posed, we know nothing, and thereone can say
nothing. That's for th Engineer to decide
after an actual survey. We hope the Con re n-
Fire on the Rail Road. On Monday
last about 11 A. M.. a little beyond Golds
boro', one of the cars belonging to the
freight train coming down, was set on fire
by sparks from the locomotive, and was
entirely eonsumed, together with 21 bar
rels of Spirits of Turpentine, and 1500 lbs. tion may be a full one, and tbat the saKiect
may be duly considered. Republican and Pa.
of Bacon. Wilmington Herald.
Home Racing is Esglaxd The London eorrepon
dent of the Philadelphia Bulletin sav. he counted 8,423
vehicles which passed Hyde Park on the 20th nlu, on
their way to the Epom races. No les. than 33 horte.
were entered for the prize, and the winner ran the mile
in 2 min. 51 sec. A man aiiied Davis lost 100,
000 on a single bet ; and it U supposed one million
changed hands on the race. .
Mr. Webter and the Auttrian. The Austrian Go
vernment i afraid to permit its newspapers to publish
a comment on iWebster'. lett?r to IIuTsemann. A
brave government, whose1 ar4dier whip women, and
wboM newspaper, are afraid to let their people ee
what the world think, of Austrian rale. How long
can such a gorenunsut stand in the nineteenth century.
y V ' : -