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0 / 75
; tixis of iin ciuollya .tjiTcnm.
r Jobber jpiiin. pfr 'far. Two Dotj,Rs payable in
gjvanrr'i lt if not paid in advance, Two Dollars
Mj fity cents vMill be charged.
AtrtsTiWET.inisrrtej at $i for the first. and 25 eta.
-fiquare for rich BUDsequent inseri'on. Court orders
charjj"J'2. pT ent. higher ihsin. thf se rates. A lib
frs deduction tp those who advertise by the year.
f rri lo tli KJilor must be post paid.
C, IV E M j: A FA IT! IFUIIEA RT.
! ' ar rt.izABETit bli.vn. j
I (Jo- not rjhre bright gem of earth,
Nor poll of dazzling hue,
flut ak f.jr something of more worth
A hear jhat'a pure and true. I
Though rrth may yield her cosily gemi
That lik no fair to view ;
.1 pk notf.r-nuch djaderns,
Hit" for a' heart that's true.
A hart pat glows withjioMe ddedi
Fr thfa 1 e'erTwill sue :
A gliIt!fM heart from envy freeoj-
.V heart that pure and true.
A lutart like thin is real worth,
iing can outshine ;
nxk f.r liere on earth-
A heart that's pure and kind.
For the Watchman. I
I - !
A Grantl Concert -not the Italian Min
els. or the Hutchinson Family but a
niorc extensive connexion t het Katydids
are corning. J hey will make their an-
nul visit js usual early in July. They
frequently Commence their serenade about
the fourth of that month, ati(j continue
their peculiar noise just three months, till
frost comes. 1 his insect is found in all
parts of the United Stales: it! makes a
fcaCJ sound by means of a membrane in
the co vp f of the wings, which jresembles
very much the word, katydid. .
And we are told that some old persons!
hive observed for thirty years, that the
first frost n the rail, comes Just three
soatbs to a day, from the time this insect :
pears. if this is a fact, it is njew to me, !
ariu iny ui in uuu in ij, anu your rea
Mejs. may mark the time ol
verify, or disprove
For the Watchman. j
T IE USES OF M ETA is.
"WitHout the use, of these jve could
jisave nothing ot culture or ciyility: no
pillage oagriculture: no reaping or mow
jing: no ploughing or diguing : no prun
."a Vi iu(iinK .. ,iu graning or (incision
I w 1 1 1 1 V I ( r
. - -
MIllM I U Pto . m ... . I ..... . 1 I j
V1" I'rturs: no vessels
f Ulens Is of household stuff: jjo conve '
nerit htluses or edifici
" - " Hl'IM Hi: VJI
pvigai on. What kind of a barbarous
flU SOrUKl llle We must ncepwu -Hi- l.
. i 4
ted Die Indians of the northJn nn f i
..... ) i'ii j i
,uiirricn, are a clear (lernonstration On
Lit if rl'iTin rL-a Kt il',r.t a. .. i
i "'. uiai muse wnicn are
If mast, 'frequent and necessary us
rorv brass, lead, are the
are tne most
tlfiil : others that are more rare
etter spared, yet are thn-y there
ied to be made the common mea
standard of the value of all oth-
. I . . !.
cumrriouities, and gj to serve jf,
rmonet, to which use thev have
m 1 Hi. ii . . .
"i")eu y an civil nations in all afesJ'
rliuuifcisilniiinf Cut - j
Therd are how known fiftv-ninp.
Vents, iyhich;forty.ihree are petals :
fme ,hare very hard and infusible,
m - r - - w
p iu re me highest heiat of a fu
f raett Hiem ; while
onei we I
wily -becomes solid 71 t egrees
freezing point of water. Some
than' that frfiid, and wil swim
f it, wh
oi'iis plaiimine is abut 21
Ties as I
iavy,' Iroii is the most :iwrnl
. - - . .......... 1, , 1 1 r
hich it has
t". yimi , uiui 01 ueinfr ?
Other ; Milan
-uiutpsieei t,y uiiion with carbon:
so converted: ot being rendered
ocean,, as w
so as to guide us
II as the land in
value of thils met-
are found native, oralrettdv in
UlicMate. butmJstoi lhem jn
- lorm.of ores, or miteralized. Gold is
tly.fodnd native, but snm.,;ml ,n
Ihe metal in tL L : . I . .
V -ruiu is united
other substance, as oxygeln.sul.
It3 .malleability; is destroyed,
racier is diigumed, so hat a
1 acfjuainted with the jmetal
now it, in that form. Iron in
Jhe sulnhurk (sulphur mixed
en a new surface is exposed
M its cl
e form c
P it) v
old or new irasis. and a ir i
misten.forthe firmer, it is called
00,8 golj." Hut ohl is sr.fr
uue tnis is nnt
and it mnv 'Z 0 lry hlm robbery, and twel
Py the smell
n I stllnliiia ...I am
" " Juiijijui wnpn ' o
l or Ibe Watc
unuh. " j
Lite, and let lid
some years since in a villae
tftfo tlf llurb. ... '
C j trTuta,Tsl!ftn Ishmelite
l fnu bad rt fecial
iianie. ti ' . . r
I "e would not.
Q&(J birrl. U h 1.1:1..:
et them tirive
1 1 - v. vuutu uy
any plan pre
nt.:'. . t
a young and
ne there and !
!:nt-j . . .:, 1 v" '"d nine onu
."tuair-maker l j
I, ?U "1 iradf. but th'k m.n .J, (T
yjat i: J li 1 J ui ,Mcies
. and break ihim
so set up a shop,
"0. - lA
immediately had cieap
oots for sale
i ftnd what
J. J. BRUNER,
Editor 6f Proprietor.
the result"? We were lately informed
that this member of the "codfish aristoc
racy," who labored so hard to destroy the
interests of others, had .failedbadly him
self; And so it often is that Divine Pro
vidence punishes men in the way they
have done evil to others. That by their
suffering they may breminded of that
evil, and feel more keenly it view of their
own conduct. This principle of retribu
tion in kind, is more common in this world
i than we are apt to suppose. There is a
(just measure for measure ; astbe old man
said who was thrown down and beaten
by his disobedient son, - It is just, for I
treated my father in the same way in that
very spot." Let all the members of civil
society promote each ot he interests for
they are all linked together. And espe
cially let home manufactures be encour
aged, and mechanics not be despised or
A Lynching Scene in California.
U the year 1849, during the hot month of
August, I left Sacramento City, with a party
ol six; including myself, for the remote regions
river. 1 had tried Several of the
other rivers, without much success, and as some
friends whom lytnn in town, endeavored to con
vure me that thjs was ihe only true and leiti.
mate spot wfeere the "pile" could be made, J
very willmgly gaVe my consent to make one
ol i heir party. - ; -
We settled all the arrangements to oar sat
isfacl.on, and then bought provisions enough lo
las. us for three months, hired a six mule am,
packed our stuff on their backs, and one after
noon, about six o'clock, jook up our line of
march for the above named place, distant about
"tie hundred and fifty miles from Sacramento
city. One among our eornuanv nlaved iK-
.uy.e-necenlly well, and as ihe soul inir,;r;
tl u r . I l .1
' " '"" niruyn tne valleys, we all iin
r. .worth, at the least caicula-
W 'hnusancJ dollars-or soon would be.
I -a I . ..I-... .1
ere are they.-and their hones, and
expectaih.ns, now? All but one have laid their
irangeland. Famine. Hieae. ,,,1
mi"der - hivp ,!lln them, one by one. until I
, . - v l yj
iHooumen.' of uod s mercy.
But I am digressing. N-.ihing worth rioti
cingoTctirrred on our route, md nfier four day's
hard travel, we arrived, wiln blislered feet aiid
aching bones; every body unhappy, and every
body as disagreeable as any six men could con
veniently be. - ,
After unloading the learn, and taking a good
bath in the rlear, cold waters of the river? we
pitched our lent, cooked our supper, and then,
as men generally do.-fn.Mirh cases, felt better.
I i '
nhU Am n ' . s I
reurea early, -ami. enjoyed a good night's
All went on smoothly for a week. Ve made
the acqunintance of most of the miners at work
in the neighborhood, and found them to be all
pretty good fellows; they worked hard, and
pieaoeu as an excuse that the climate was so
bad that drinking was beneficial.
One morning, just as the day was breaking1
out accustomed hour for getting up 16 break
last, Ave observed a large crowd gathering a
rou!n,d the store, and curiosity getting the bet.
ler of us, we started to see what the matter
was, leaving one to cook the breakfast Aa
we drew near, J could see the form of Jones
mingling wiih the crowdand gesticulating vj.
olenily. I inquired of4im what had brought
so many together, thus early in the morning.
' Matter enough he replied. ' Here's that
scoundrel of a Morgan stole no less than three
thousand dollars from Doy, the storekeeper.' "
Is he taken ?' I asked, astonished, at the
Yes, we have him safe enough, and the mo.
ney also.' chuckled Jones.
f; After Mime inquiries, I found that about two
f 'dock in the morning. Dory was awakened
ha slight noise inside of the lent. In an in.
slant all was quiet, but ihinkin ihat
thing was not riirht h i,,,.L- t,; 1 r .
unnVr hirbed, and commenced to se
,he d All at once his ham
contact wnh a man's head.
' Who's 1 his ?' he asked, and received for an.
swor a tremendous blow, which nearly stunned
instant I v rill.;..,. u J : l i
revolver repeatedly at a form that darled past
him, and then followed as swiftly as possible
in pursuit shouting ' stop ihief.'
Some dozen or two turning out, gave chase
...... iui.miiw u scnurtrpn rua
desnaraier.,.;.. ...u ?u i . .
"liu SIHTfPlllllO in fanlnrinn l C.
. la. . ! 1..
-her free,." A d' Z ' 1 " !
he had thrown auJ .7 ' r J,c
contained the dust, and that was safely ddker
ed to the owner. They were now about forming
a lury to trv him fr j " . 0
....i.i, vuurru, vvnu jo PS
1..!.... 11. . .
S Were A r-rnriH i.w.l.r t
rfuui't. mm ini ...
a. soon over, and the
jtry were not out more than half an hour be.
tore they returned, and pronounced him wor-
Ihy of death, leaving it to the judge to decide in
what manner he should die. !
4 Well, f)ovs, you JiHve acted wisely, and as
Tarn a merciful man, I decide that at ten o
rrock Ihis forenoon, he be tied to a tree, and
811 of marksmen load their rifles and have
a crack nt Ki.n - 1 1
, . . tt,,u y uou navemercv on
ones continued. F in
point you, with as many assistants as you want,
o see the law carried into effect.'
I intimated to ihe Kr..,ki t..j1 .i...
h, , ,., -"muio j uu ire mat 1
mild liLri t.-
disagreeable a duly, but wittek
he ordered me to oerform thT?Z
...w I IJ Of- PiriliPrt rn
r . i.
m performing so U.s
4 , r " ,uc sk ne nau as-
1 me, and make no mnr wnr- k... t.
prlorm the task he had is.
organ had had a fair f-:-i n- ... 1
."j. , r " nisguuiwas
too evident, and as be lay in .hiore with jd,
feet and hands bound with strong cords, Jook
ing dirty and ragged.:Whh fhe blood slowly
dripping from-hi arm. where a iall had lod.
ed from the revolver of Dory, I could not! heTp
pitying the poor wretch. He musi have read
A CHECK CPO!f ALL TOCR
. i r
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY,. JULY 17," "l8ol.
. un.passmn in my tace, tor, making an effort lo
ii upright, m whtch be was not successful, be
aeu me l0r a nnnk ot water, I instkntiy hand
cu ,,,m some atter.drii king beartily, ap.
. r"'RT?a. I asketf hlim if there
was anything else 1 could do for hirb. He re-
mained silent tor a moment, and hn .A
' The Judge has appointed you' to Jee that the
sentence is carried into effect, has he not 7
am sorry to say he has, sMolgan,, I an-
V eJI, never mind. I youfd rat
her it were
you man some others here! But I have a par-
.v.u.a. m.ur 10 hsk oi you. ferhabs vou will
laugh and think it is weakness, but caVt help
it. Have you a Bible at your lent)'
I told him that I never travelled vithout
and that I M t.a k . j i .
" "arrJ ' rcau 10 nim.
t mauKyou, ne said. ' 1 have hot looked
mm one tor years, more shame to de ; if I had
onowea us precepts, 1 should not have been
I left him and walked back to my
How I hated myself fur the nart I Lh
play m the murder, for I could call it no better
It was in vain I pondered plans to ejscape from
my task. 1 could see no remedy! knd ih M
thai I nnn:.. :.. .1 . .
.... IIIU31 aasiai in me execution a
it was now about r.ine. Morgan bad one
more hour to live. I went to the bead of mv
hurl .KJ ll-i . I J
ru,auu iiiKiiifFmy Dioie, left forj the store,
where the prisoner was still confined. A large
uncuiu f people had assembled from thedif.
ferent hnrv siJ ...,. i .
, pojjiuj; me ume away
in one or two drinks, to give them an appetite
uitgeoy mat was soon to be enacted
WQ V fi w ilia U u iT ) ) I J . I
..w ui mo sueriij, snouted one. or
two noisy fellows, as I endeavored ko force my
niiu luc piesence ot :lorgan. i.
'Looks a blamed sight more like! a minister
Don t you see his Bible?' said another.
I passed into the store, where I jfbund Mor
seated on a box. He nokel naU
ul i . i- r
jinougnttui, out a smile illuminated his rn.m
tenance when he saw that I had h
soook with me. i
. r a v t w ..
I made no reply, but commenced reading
in rt iow voice, in an instant every
yrt3 uncT.jverea wnnin hearing, and all
was still within the store. Morgan listened
with great attention, but l.v th u. f l j
.nn.sned the third chapter, the loijd voice of
Jones called out. J
'Time's up, bring out the prisoner."
I slowly closed my book, and arose. Mor
gan also arose, and cut the cords that bound
his feet and stepped to the entrance bf the store.
He was now very pale, whether ffam the loss
of blood, or anxiety, I did not knowi.
. . , "j "me umi i uau
Wk:i 1 lii ,.
vv hile 1 had been reading to hihi, they had
v . . w
been diawing lots on the outside, arid sit ,,f iho
best marksmen on the river had the chance of
shooting at the poor fellow. Their rifles were
taken and loaded by a third party, tjwo of them
with nothing but powder, so that it should not
be known who shot him.
We walked along with the prisoner, to the
spot that had been chosen. It was a hiah
plain just back ol the store.
I askied Moran
If he was ready.
t fy. 1 r I
Cht these confounded cords, ahd take my
jacket of! so that I may stand up like a man,
fie answered. j
I bpijnd his band, and commenced removing
his jacket when something fell to Ihe ground!
1 stooped to pick it up, and found it was a min
fature. It represented a young atjd beautiful
female, holding in her arms a voub? babe an.
.v . I .. 1 r . . -L- r
pairoiiy oniy a tew months old
1 lie iiiuiiicr 1
was looking at the child with such a Innk. ao
. r ' 1
only a mother can give, while the child annear.
fd 10 be making a playful effort jto reach a
ringlet of the hair, which fell in) long curls
about her neck. I looked up and aiked.
gan, wnose potrait is this ?'
1. He ,heu fr ihe first lime obsejrved that I
' That is the potrait of mv wife
whom I teft in New York,' he saijl, and burst
Bury it with me, for
it is all that
1 nave now.
I felt as though a good crying
do me good about that time, and i
llnnn tw. I ...T I I
a drop fell
vfu" I'aunioi iace, mat was
sweetly at her child, let me hope that did not
tarnish the bright colors of the picjure.
; In the meantime a larore rmwri Ik-irl
. , , v, sai,, vrr Uly nouiaer at tne
picture with evident delight. I passed it round
to them, and every one of those roigh men ap.
peared to have a spark of humarl leeling in
their breast?, that only needed to be touched to
produce good results. I had never made a
fppech in my life, but a new feeling seemed
to flow through my veins. Springing upon a
large log, I commenced a rambling address.
I alluded to his poor wife and infant child, their
IJ1KI1. nn IX0 no-Finr. L II . 1
dependence on him for support ; an!d the aniie-
P"u orrow must feel should thev never
) hM Wished,
neara in Joud voice of old Jones, exclaim-
1 uujy, in me ienow go. 1 nave
;ot an old woman myself, and half! dozen chil
dren, and I kinder guess how tbeV would feel
if I should", pop off".'
; Let ihe lellow go,' said some half dozen of
the men who came down on the rrrer.
; 'Let, us decide the matter byputting it to
Vote,' exclaimed our old friend Jonjs.
j 'To vote it is tben,' said I, overdyed at my
success. ' AH those in favor of letting Mor
gan go will please signifying it by saying yes.'
' es! yes!' roared nearly every voice in
I I now turned to look at lorgar. He bad
iunk on his knee, when the result of the vote
had been declared, and I sincerely believe that
he made a short acknowledgmenl to heaven
tor his wonderful Ore se rva I inn H. apnaa fvm
- 1 19 m H 1 1 1 h,.-. u. iU. r 11 r ti
. 1 . . ...... jV biu.x iiuiii
knees and taking my hand, he kbanked me
with tears in his eyes for the interest I had
aken in bis trial. I walked alonig with him
towards my tent, and observed that it would be
best for him to lea nA n t u
Jiunes at once.
j I shall leave to-night, he replied, . but there
is one thing I should like to obtaih from you,
and lhat is your Bible. ;
r I'hngly, I replied, 'and may it do you as
wui-u gouu as it nas me.
Do THIS, LXp LsIBERTT IS
Gen' I Ifarrison.
I . L i
t . -pK-i,auq wnen ne arose
lo go, I put the Bible in his band. He squeez!
ed my fingers ,hen taking bis Wifef. miniature
out, be forced u on me. sayiag. . Up that to
remember me by,' and was gone before I could
K - j
I have the miniature now. j..
hen I gaze at , a sweet smile seem, to n)flv
upon ,he lovely countenance of that youn"
hride, as though she thanked m. iti-.
the partner of her bosom lo escape from such
an ignoble death. I f
As for Morgan, I never heard Ar,; n.
wards. Whether he is dead or alk I
tell, and my object in writing thiJ00,
tobtain, if possible, ome tidings Jf him.
Correspondence of the Mobile Daily Advertiser.
Uia MON'n Sppfi
El Dorado Co.,1Cal. May 12. 1851. (
T;ii is a great country for excitement. Xnt
a week'passes but some cause of it occurs,
saia to exist. At one time it is th
hew and rich n-nlrtn . . . .
a uisii-uiciicj - j
i - . . .
horrible murder and lynching afT;J
is on account of some Indian mam.irt;
anion, with its usual accompanimen
I . , . 14
1 rr AT r r
9 of robbe.
y "r'. or 11 is at last some terrible
ure, aesoiating cities and enhnni.; ...i...
of the marketable commodities thruahout the
.u..ujr. nere we are in the mids nf
.-... ...... IT . t "
prions causes of interest just at present. Ne
: , . r
vaua L.iiy, &an Franc sco and
ourni 10 tne ground, Thousands
ruinedthe market vibrates under
I . 1 . v-',ll
s at which
and no one can tell the various poin
pnees win settle Meanwhile
K-0- -.- c.o-uncovered, or old lones made
if 1 n (tc a l-.n!. I:. - 1
more productive by some new and improved
mode ot washing them. One mile ihis side cS
llangtown, or Placerville, and three Uile.
us.a rich lead has been discovered. Hi is found
in. the sides of a ravine called rw, n n
and extends into the hills on each side. Shalts
have been sunk on both sides of ihi Kill ...
to Hangtown, and the vein has heen struck
about twenty or thirty feet deep, and! pays from
nny cents to four dollars a bucket, (it is auiie
a curiosity 1. e., the diggings I rnean. The
UI I r 1 . . ij
P7V SU K nr8t lnrough the upper clayey
soil, then through a stratum of what i&alled tJ.
ten granite, and sometimes through two of these
then comes a most singular deposit of quartz
and rollen rrranila hr.nl-ln... '.Ij.
; fe1 """'ucis, ueiueniea loffether
ny dirt that has the appearance of rhortar rub
oish. 1 his conglomerated mass extend- fr
some distance, say from three to fifteen feet be-
e uum, anu: ovenies a
soft kind of rock called "granite" and "the red
iow tne granite strata above, and overlies
The gold is verv fine, and it im;mai,
ly mixed with this cemented mass, paying best
at the red rock and diminishing as it ascends
oome shalts have naid no hirrh no .1
sand dollars per day, but the maioritV hAv
I -" 3 ;ono IUUU
ly just got down, and as I said nav from fifty
cents and upwards a pan. j
Itis the hardest digginglever saw. Pirk-nd
sharpening every dav or twn. nnd ikl .
...... niwao aic af
as those of the workman's hammer in
blows in the cement and rocks are ai sonorous
boat boiler. After sinking a shaft, eneh mlnar
a si ea m
then drifts the remainder of bis chaitj, which is
thirty feet square. Some, particularly those
who first discovered this place, drift into the
hill from the ravine, and have one some itt
feet, Square pillars are left at intervals, though
the roof is loo solid to need their bnnnort .
Whelk-- ik;, 1 1 : . i
- i- 1 11 v 1 1 11 1 a 1ca.11 is VP rv pt unciuu in ni ....
known, but it i a
' -- lit .cu 114 up "illy a
continuation of those nf r:r,... k.,,i v....
da City, it being in the same parallel. Simi
lar diggins, though less deep have lately been
struck a few hundred V arris frnrn Lmr oto
j JVVJI OllJIC
which have paid from fifty cents to ohe dollar a
bucket, but they do not seem to be extensive
The dirt in these places now has tolbe hauled
most half a mile, to Weaver creek, d be wash-
A I : .. . : 1 .
1 iiiumaiec, too, some excitement ex
Ula In roirQrH f T .. .3 1 J l .'l r .
"'uc. A in?
week tbey have been troublesome near us
w.o ivaiw ill iiiiiiciii iPTirMiiaimne i hia
I wo men were shot ten miles above us, at
Johnson s ranch. One was killed, afid the oth
er dangerously vouned. A man wks shot al
most in sight of town, a mule shot afid a man
robbed within a mile of us on Fridy last.
rursuit was given, but they escaped! as usual
are iai;ing to organize coaiDames to
check these depredations.
Asa general tact the miners however, aresin.
gularly indifferent about these marauding in
curs'tons and occasional murders, knd
fear they will not be sufficiently anfused unti j
most serious consequences occur. There is
good deal of apprehension of evil, hjut I hope
it will not be realized. Summer is fast ap
proaching, and promises to be hot and dry.
ri -i . . . i: . .
i ne tnermometer stood at 89 degrees in Ihe
shade on the first of May. Several persons
have come over the mountains frorh Carson
Valley and Salt Lake this season, j The last
comers report Salt Lake City mostlyldestroyed
j a voicanic eruption. several companies
have already started for Carson V alley and the
Elates by the overland route. J.
THEY COULD'NT HAVE IT I
i ur .uouiirie uuaros, appuea lastj week lor
the muster-shed in the Fort on Sullivajri's Island,
i i - r i- i? j i .1
in order to celebrate their anniversary again
this year, m the place where they were accus
tomed to heretofore. But the officer inicommand
poli'elv informed them that they " could'nt have
it." That as a U. S. officer, he. jcould not
allow such language used in the Fori, as was
last year. Comment on such an act ii unneces
sary. No doubt even on that little
hadjiis instruciions. Southern Republic.
A "NEW FEATURE."
Judge Howe, of Wisconsin. opens his Court
with prayer. On a late occasion, a member of
the bar protested, calliug it a hypocritical pro
ceeding, and not calculated to impress the bar
with additional revereuce The Judge, we are
told, justified himself in cool, dignified and ap-
propriate language, by a reference to those ob
ligations and leaching, influencing every Chris.
tian impulse, and which were most
exemplified in bis forbearance at that'momeut.
VOLUME VIH-XUMBER ii.
Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.
ASHIXGTO.V, July I.
tor of rZarA,10p fP 'WS ,he
stone of the new Canito . are in fW-..,i
ness: and fff.tt, ,
expected to take part in the cesZ
. n corner stone is to be aid on the North
The mCnrr f IhR SU,hern "on.
1 he mill ary and civic display will be ve
ry imposing. J
In looking over the records of the Com
missioners, who were appointed by Gen
)f city, and pro-'
int ,h.e "'"'on of the public build
ings. I find that the corner stone of the
nricrinnl o,J ...... uc
Was laid on the 18th S
b' Uen' Washington
I'm ihn 0
- lluuce was give by the Com-
m.ssioners, of the intended ceremonial on
the 3d September previous. The breth
ren of the craft were generally invited to
asssist. The public generally were invj.
ea ; and the Commissioners remark that
he ceremony will equal the occasion, and
that numbers from all parts of the conti-nent-were
expected to attend. A sale of
lots was mentioned as an attractive event
and drawing of a lottery also, for the el-'
egant new hotel," onlv one stnrv r ...k:.u
was erected. This hotel was 'bought by
the Government and occupied as the Gen
era! Post Office, and Patent Office, until
it was destroyed by fire.
The plan of the'Old Capitol was fur
nished by Dr. Thornton, Superintendent
of the Patent Office. Gen. Washington
approved of it on the 2d April. 1793
The plan of the President's palace, for
such it is denominated in all the original
records was furnished by James Hoban,
Of Lhar psfnn SnmK P..J:..
.,v. wui.u uiiim. as a pre-
miutn for the same, he was awarded a
gold medal of the value of ten guineas
and the sum of two hundred dollars. Sub
sequently, he was appointed to superin
tend the construction of the palace, with
a salary of three hundred
"I- 1 , D i-.j u ytai,
finding himself. J
The mechanics and laborers employed
were, as it appears from the records,
chiefly redemptioners, i. e.. immigrants
whose time was sold to pay their passage.
Ihe work on the building was more
than once obstructed for lack of funds.
The government was poor and in bad
credit. General Washington, in order to
prevent the abandonment of the work, us
ed his personal influence and credit to ob
tain loans from the States of Maryland
and 1rg1n1a. About 250,000 dollars'were
Our people are now talking very strong
ly in favor of acquiring and annexing the
Sandwich Islands, and the rich province
of Sonora, and a vast region in Mexico
besides, and I have little doubt that they
will do it all in few years time.
The Fugitive Slave Law. The Lexing
ton (Miss.) Advertiser says that Judge
Wilkinson lately made a speech before
the Disunion association of that town, in
which he descanted with some warmth
on the inutility of the fugitive slave law
to the South, and declared he desired to
see it repealed, as he felt no interest in pro
tecting slavery in Virginia, Kentucky, or
Maryland. Let the Yankees take their
negroes and welcome, for what he cared ;
Mississippi lost but few slaves, and had
no interest in the'law.
From the course adopted by many ol
th" fire eaters (remarks the Mobile Daily
Advertiser) we are bound to conclude that
their sentiments are in accordance with
i those expressed by Judge Wilkinson.
They care nothing for the fugitive slave
law, and would be glad to see it repealed
to morrow; for an act of that kind would
assist, to hasten the dny when disunion is
to take place. They have said that there
is no safety for the South except in Disu
nwn, a id they would oppose the comprom
ise, assist the abolitionists to break it up,
And rpnpal tn iho r.. ..;:.. ..i.. .. i
cause that woud bring them one step ntar
. ii"- iviiiinr; nifte law. )p.
er their darling project of disunion.
We learn from a letter addressed by
John C. McRae. Engineer, to the f;
borough Patriot, that up to the 25th of
last month, the Central Road from Golds- '
borough to five miles beyond Hillsboro'.
had put under contract, with the excep
tion of two or three small sections.
Mr. McRae thus speaks of the lettings
at Pine ville, Johnston, and of Dr. Watson:
"On Saturday last the lettings were at
Pineville, the residence of Dr. Josiah O.
Watson,-that whole souled railroad man
and hospitable gentleman, lie submit
ted a proposition to take at once the
Bridge across Neuse and all the Road,
which his neighbors did not wish to take,
from that river to the Wayne line; and
by way of showing his confidence in, and
liberality towards the Road, he proposed
to take it all in stock. This is the gen
tleman who first proposed that he would
be one of a hundred to build the Road.
Indeed, a half dozen such noble spirits
could do it."
We have no doubt that by the 1 1th the
whole Road will have been put under
contract. Raleigh Standard.
At a late horse race in England, thirty three
horses were entered. One man lost four bun
dred thousand dollars on a single bet.
AT)EMOCKATlC PRINCIPLE. i
Hh,iV'diV W Arff,;"f,(! Mf. Cald.
well, (the Democrotic Candidate in ibe 3rd
Congress.onal Ditrir,.) i(1 a djseuMion be.
tween b,m and the Whig Candidate, Gen. Doc.
kery, on the 21.1 ultimo in Richmond, declari
ed m poiitive terms, that he had ratlier Utk
under a Kingly Government. thrTin i
vernmrnt tehere tlie Majority rcle." i '
D the Democracy endorse ibis dtrine ! J
..raweii is their candidate for Congre
I bey will su.uir, him. Ther m.f ,K.r
uornu o oe.ng held responsible for hi. nriQ.
cjple.. III. indeed late i the daV to hear a
Candidate for Congre.s breaking rmnnA
,..1 ... ... J ""HI'
one of ibe fundamental doctrine, ol rmn.
; iar government, that the majority shouldrvlel
I , bare been und" Ibe impre.ion it wt,
; Mnce seiiii-ri that . 11 z . . .
d-edfrom I. p ' So 7.
bill of Riah,, vvu n 7 Ihe
u" "X" "mreopuf A min.
h"V nFM 'r nh " 'h' d ,ctrine lbu9 ioni
r.v Mr. Caldwell is of a piece with hi.
r P;,nc,P,- in,.t willm. for thirty
&tates to rule-he would'nt live under lucb i
Government but he i charmed at the idea of
one S.a.e, viz; South Carolina, having every,
ihtng her own way, however de,tructjTe to ihe'
interests of all the others. Bather live un.
ner a kindly government, than one where tha
majority rule. How do you rii.h tJiat, Mr.
H,r-o uiid ni nrna.
oKiwudra f an Voi, ,ake Jlft j jr
stand by your friend l.Ral. Register.
rhetrvefire of the Flint. C..I. B. S. Gai.
ther, the Union Candidate for Congress.- was
ihe first man lo raUe his voice in thi District
f in a public speech, against Nullification in
1-32. He now entertains the opinion, ho
, ihn expressed. Twenty years of experience,
; of close observation, and mature reflection, ba.
but confirmed him in the correctne.. of bii
positions. An overwhelming majority of the
' voters of this District concurred with him in
sen-iment at that day : hi. nullification become
! less odious to them now, than it wa. iben ?
' Has the opinions of Gen. Jackson lost their in.
j rJ.ience wiih those who o triumphantly utain.
j ed him, when assailed for the doctrine, of the
j proclamalion ? We imagine not ;' and if ihe
opinions of Jefferson, of Madison, and Jack.on
are entitled to recnerf. we rail iin,..'ik. IT:....
mn of the Western Reserve to notice that every
Xuliifier of 1832 is opposed to Col. Gaither .
, 1 . .
trial every secessionist in ihe district are ar
every secessionist in ihe district are ar
d against him That every Disunion paper
lis State and in South Ca
in this islate and in South Carolina are denonne.
uig him. If "straws show which way the
wind blows," this fact is ominous arid we com. :
mend it to thoe who repudiate nuSification, a. ;
well worthy of their attention. '
A SOUND PRINCIPLE.
"All intermediate agencies in trade add to
its expense." Charleston Mercury.
This is the very foundation of the doctrine
of proteetioT to domestic industry. It i. the
principle which Mr. Henry C. Gurey lias been
endeavoring lo enforce by his writing in "The
Plough, ihe Loom, and Anvil." Brjnr tha
j manufacturer, he says, alongside of the cotlon.
neiu and ol ihe shepherd, so that ihere will
be no occa.ion to transport ibe raw material
to a distant place to be worked up into cloth,
which has then to be transported back again
to be consumed. Again, he ay. euabli.h
forges where you have iron and coal, and pro.
visions in abundance, in.tead of .eading your
provisions three thousand miles off", and then
have them brought back in the brm of iron,
the difference between them to be made up in
gold and silver. The true rule for a nation to
prosper by is, to make all it can, and to bring
the consumer as closely in contact with the.
producer as possible, so as to save th coit of
transportation, commission., profit, c, ; in
other words, save the nece.sity of employing
persons in making the exchange of labor, who
add nothing to the value of any ailicle exchang.
ed, but only increase their cost. "
I know no passage in classical litera.
ture more beautiful or affecting than that
, where Nenophon, in his Anabasis, de
scribes the effect produced on the remnant
! of the ten thousand Greeks when, after
; passing through dangers without number,
, they at length ascended a sacred moun
j tain, and, fiom its peak and summit caught
sight of the sea. Dashing their bucklers, ,
with a hymn of joy they rushed tumultu.
ously forward. .Some wept with the ful-
j ness of their delirious pleasure, others
! laughed, and more fell on their knees and !
: blessed that broad ocean. Across its blue I
waters, little floating seabirds. the memo- i
! rials of their happy homs came and fann- J
I (,(1 their weary souls. All the pfrilsthey '
' had encountered, all the companions they 5
j had lost, all the miseries thy had endur-'
j ed, were in an instant forgotten, and 1
j naught was with them but the gentle,'
i phantoms of past and future joys. One ;
j was again scouring on his fleet steed a- j
j cross the hoof trodden plains of Thessaly; I
another reclined beneath the flower-1
crowned rocks of Arcadia, and gazed into
the dreamy ryes of her whose form, amid!
battle and bivouac, was ever with himti
i a thirdrecalled that proud clay when.be-
lore the streaming eyes of bis over joyed
parents, and amid the acclamations of all
Greece, he bore ofT from amid competi
tors the laurel-wreath of the Olympian
Oh ! home, magical spell, all powerful
home ! how strong must have been thy
influence, when thy faintest memory couldj
cause luese bronzed heroes ol a thousand
fights to weep like tearful women J Wi.th;
the cooling freshness of desert fountain,!
with the xweet fragrance of a flower found
in winter, you came across the great wa-i
tersto those wandering men. and beneath!
the peaceful shadow of your wings theirf
souls found rest ! I
A HAIL STORM. !
A violent storm of wind and bail pass-
ed over the plantations of Gen. Means
and Sheriir Plunket, three miles west oC,
this town, on Wednesday afternoon.
Much damage is said to have been done
to their corn and cotton crops. Tree
were blown down and fences strewed in1
every direction. j
How far the storm extended we have
not learned. We had fine rain in town
with considerable wind, but no hail.