.Irindon.rf ;vear, Two DoiLlarsU payable in
V,e Hut if .no P!'J irt advance, Two Dollars
- I fifty cents wtjl be charged.
' ristMEsw inserted si $1 for the finst.ond 2." cts.
K?nixt(t eactisubsequelit insertion! Courtorders
.,Ji C5 per (. higher than these ates. A lib
iLlucttoa to oe who odvertiw by the year.
I to tnr litJiiw muni ur
irm . ;.i .
r rotn ll&lev Lady's Book,
The Broken Merchant.
- r i rf
ll V MIM.
KAKAII J. II ALE.
fVnr .Mrs. Catlfon to her hushaijid :
CJk.rmantown; July, 1833.
low dI pas my lime thijs summer ?'
"our rtiflion. ? Hell, as you seem lo rely
) f0nfolfntiyn my romession. ii nau re iranK
ii . (hmifrh iiim.uhat nhridid f..r i,a. '
fnceffr a ,nS ""ner, ,s "oli a'n told, the ;
r(IJ, of man. . . 1 ' '' !
r;jrt mV f doing. I rank my ma- j
i !.! nliiaditroa I r o 1 1 ; lri.in r A If .
run " - - 1 '4 .
rniiM tiffin Henry heiia mA little now i
a i i r- M".""ni i a. aiii iijt:mi a iu ii .
Ljmj hear him talk his voice as sweei a a !
ffd'n you would ihink I wasiagood mother.
not that something in my iravor.junarlesf
Thn I assist my in i aunt injlier house..
f, and in oer cuarm-s, iou :j lor, inoogn
n gre;it store oi woriUjiy q)o(j-, she is
rh in cood
works. Do youiwijih to know
ki I' contribute I
My lyMipajlhiWs, tny alien
,n. kind words,
- : 1
td encoiiragjti smiles ;
.1 ruallv. Chtilfl I never received so ex
;jive, a'l" as I;-think, so siheee raiilude !
t ' -r. ...:. 1. 1. . i . i i
rail my bounteous yuis vu k iow we aid j
ve Ufjely iii ThHatleljihiH.) las now have )
nivered unon m foAnv L'of) will merely. !
iiirtyjof spirit loiV:i(N the poo.r ife more popu-
'.A - .1 . ... .1 . .. f A Iil. Iiiiflnj .'. I . . .1.
r Willi iu'm. ami inuio mucin. i iuu, man i
ifities in hineyjf I
(tut amn-eofni- ! ah, I have lliem in plen- I
j walk, ride, r.ipad. and botanize. If yoi
i!il iee Henry and me out nail lie riri" flowers, i
I-1 hear hi gUd U'lgh when be finds one, and
t wh as loud as h", you w.Mjild think it was
Lviini!.fo botanize. .'I'hen rriy riiusic isla de
VVful leasijr. bncause then! Charles, I feel
ir I .. .....
II !Tiy.N rn 3 (.miiiiiuihiij; wiuj yours.
fink you a thousand lime for your last col.
(in, Uie pieces are all char;minc, and I can
rrform that divine kir,' as you stylo it, charm-
l'Ii. at least, so says Monsieur ) : and
ii infd q think hurl the standard, of taste in
jic. Seriously.; T do think! Inave made a
L.fcf tivr.fl.iAnnt in fTinain lk la' I n i ...... . .
e the longs. you prefer, and jwhfjn yoif return
u will hear me sing like a I'nnia fmia."
From Mrs. CarltotI to her h
( v. u m a; town, Jjuly 4ih. 134.
T Vou hardly imagine, my dfar Charles', how
ppy yfur lal lettermade mej ! And you think
t, in one yar'mvre, you will nble to re
n with suiricienl t ft' pay your creditors. And
n we will celebrate our indenctice, Charles.
thai a happy day it will be j and how (iitl'-r
I, loo. Inn source ml your ha)ipuies from
ie I once ff)olihly thought wejre the basis
injoyment ! 'j
'I will tell you why J wtitn wiih such warmth:
ti wil, I know, be glad thai! onejjjehr is paid.
iour mree monrns ago, a oor jvornan came
m lMiiladelphi.i to our neii'hliiorhik)d. in search
!fiii)l)ymenl. JShff icallcd a our house ; and
tf being out, I wf rjj down icjf sc( if,, woman,
(looked wecht;ij ; and. jvhen she saw I
'iei her, h Went b'n fo 'tell! me a long story
imiihles, how she had lived in fhe city, kept
oiilfdioner s shop, been ntdotl mate in her
tamers, lill finally , she had to give up her
if; and her husband, forihed debts.; had
-nVnt to jail. .' j : '
i asked her whv she wa nnf.rtinnnio in Lr
-'"men?. ' Oh,' sK) said, Mhey d id not pay
and she went op to name a number of
ie, who were lorernosl among the fashion
A When 1 was in town a a if.
n, Charles, she 4 darned toy nam' amon
. fSi . .
" i if i i 1 1 iii. .'iiii
rei. 'iftere w hfi nreiH Mrs. Carl.
'(I giye her nyri words she owed me
t.undfed dollars when her husband failed.'
My face was criinson, I believe; the wo.
itirted to see' rriy.' airitatioin. and then she
'Hefted me. I dif think before she had any
wno I was. Dijn't think Charles, that I
wohilly alrered. 'She hid! nevr
- UV I'll nr.
in -plainly; tfnnd shall I f ell you the
P imi-nt f Mie said she had never seen me
K h handsome V ver hiandsome : 'for'
r never saw vou hare url. I.pqIiIh- '
ch,eks ,enre.' ! ; ! T 3 j
remembered piijchasing jconjfectionary -of
'09 last winter We were in lown but- I
( -( ...... . . . . a
- , - . wi.v IKHMIIl.ll Utl
and the articles were nearH- nlf fn;ck
t said, for our jasl grand paHv. Of the
" nve hundred friends I then invited only
ha? ever showri a wish to rnntin.ii iV.,
1'iship since our lliilure.
One hundred dollars! The poor woman
it would releasejher husband from jail. I
my pearls,, Chnirles and naid b,.r. And
pride and pteaiufe.t felt thatfirst nvenmir
fre Ihem. vhenvo whisnered lhv l.a
jne m, was nothing to my exultation when
u eni me poor creature toirelease her bus-
Vom Mrs. Car!tofi in her husband
Ckuma.ntoW.v, Jan. 1835.
My dear Charl e s I .have and nivev l.'i.
f m rolsoni i4 ileail ' shnl Lim.oll'ln.i I.' m
&i lie left a note, tatini that his nroner.
fvaguue; and lU he trusted Cd wnuln'
r'nmre mercy fof his sin than the world
tor his pfooerlv. Mists U e n f no n f n l n .
i T iviai
orld s (fontumwy more ithan the law of
Tl! - j: !
Uhi how I, do pitly.his mother and sister!
' : l once irtyed her ike a iier .u
entirely neglecici me since my retirement,
'nought but jlitila of j her; but now I
ty afTecliun all Vvire. Tnnr rii k.,.., r I
could comfort her ! If th
P'onerlv. it wmitd hnv. I 00 It nAlkinn I ,
n i irnuiii", i
aveli.ld lU.ri iUf i V, -. . .i i
, - -"in ti 1, iiuw uiriu mtz ii inousanu 1
Cf of happineia independent of wealth!
-'Qion ; pleasures which! may be enjoyed
Qu' money: but what can I sav nnw i i
l bould I haved one?. How. been, if vnn
. i - . -j ' "
y, Gloved husland how thankml I feel
Md hat Sustained li in imr ravmrtae V -
r.Mr. Carltort in hi. u fn
- - ir . t - w t
Pu. . v 1AK. April, 1845.
I? i 1 1 ,aJ ,ov''' respecting the bad
, .'rtiioin I ti -i.n. ,..U V...
'onot know hLs temptations to the rash
I I-, ' ' oijr acmie.intance wan nis
H 'r. and with ..the mania of his mfrthe'r
juter to be ,n,ong ihe fashionables, has
10 the mo.t painful reflection on his un.
J. J, BBUNER,
Editor Jf Proprietor.
happy fate. He was ambitious, bnt naturally
generous and enthusiastic ; and, had his pride
been rightly directed towards useful and noble
objocts, he-would have made a noble-minded
and useful man.
'Bui his mother and sister thought only of
show and eclat ; and they bound down his spir.
it lo the circle ol the world of fashion. In
iheir esteem, he was the greatest man who
could keep the most expensive establishment,
and afford the ladies of his family the most cost,
ly array. Ii was their reproaches and com
plaints which poor John dared not meet.' He
could have braved the world ; but there was for
him no rest at home.
'Do not think I am placing all the sins of my
sex to the ajccount of yours. We have a long
and dark .catalogue of our own ; Injt I do think
that in our country, it is in- woman's power, if
she would rightly exert he-moral influence, to
call forth our virtues and eren lo make our im
petuous passion subservient lo great and glori
ous purposes. But if the American women
worship wealth, the men will sacrifice their
souls to gaijit.
'A thousand, thousand blessings on you, my
love ! You have sustained my spirit by your
cheeiful affection, and yo ir example and coun--sel
are every day strengthening in me the de.
termination to be worthy of suha wife. Pray
for me. that my heart may be purified from all
sinful and worldly affections, and kept from
those fierce temptations which only heavenly
grace can enablCus to overcome- Your hus
band. 'Charles Carlton.'
- 'Ill-favored is the bearer of itl-news.'
, There is a gentlnan below who has a let
ten for Mrs. Carlton, said the domestic.
'Why did he not send it up?,
'He said it was not to you' madame ; but he
had brought it for you lo read, and he wished
to make some explanations.'
"Did he give his name V
'Yes, madam, Mr. Cole."
"Cole Cole I do not recollect any person
of that name. Is is not a very elegant name'
Cole,' and Mrs. Carlton as she hurried to finish
her toilet endeavored by dwelling on the name
lo keep from her heart the, agitating dread of
some impending evil. What evil pould she
fear, except as connected with the fate of her
husband ? She had not heard from him for sev
'Mrs. Cailton, sir.'
Mr. Cole started at ihe announcement. He
had not anticipated seeing a solitary wife look
ing so like an angel. She was arrayed in a
pure white robe, no ornaments ; angels never
"I have received a letter from my French "or
respondent, making kind inquiries respecting
Mr. Carlton, supposing him in Philadelphia,
Well, sir V
'Mr. Haliord wished me to ascertain if you
had heard from your husband of late.'
Il is somiime since ; about about' and a
burnihg blush rushed over her heek. and then
as suddenly ebbing, left her face while as the
' 'How long did "you sjy, madam ?
'Nearly six months and her voice sank with
the suffocating sensation at her heatt' as she
thought, 'how long !' .
'Mr Carlton, it seems, left Paris about four
months since. '-
Just the lime he named in hislait letter that he
should embark for home. Oh, what has hap
pened ! Where is he ? Can you tell me ?
The letter !'
'De calm, madam ; pray lie calm,' said Mr.
Cole, in a most soothing tone. Nothing hap
pened that we can ascertain. Mr. Carlton was
highly respected at Paris, and this letter you.
may see only speaks in general terms of his
depaiture. Beealm. Mrs. Carlton ; pray do
not aflliet yourself. What ! ho ! help! the lady
has fainted !'
Sfraage she should faint. I never thought
a w-ife cared so much for her husband. I won
der who would grieve if I should be lost ? I'll
marry. lhalssetled ; I'll marry.' So thought
Mr. Cole as he rode homewards.
CHAPTER VII. -
'Hope is brightest when it dawns' from fears.'
'Doctor, howdo you find my poor little niece,
Mrs. (jurltnnthis morning ?' said Mrs. Eaton.
'Ni? better, no better ; heart sick, M rs. Eaton.
Medicities do little good in such cases.' '
You still recommend travelling?'
4A sea vovage ?' '
:I should say it promised to be beneficial.'
'To France ?'
'Yes, take her to Paris ; let her see the friends
of her late husband, and hear Iheir praises of
his character.'. Such awaken the current of life
and its thoughts ; if you can arouse these, the
mother will triumph in her heart, and she will
strive lo become reconciled to the dispensation
of Providence, and lo live for her child's sake.'
'A christian should always be reconciled,' re.
marked Mrs. Eaton.
'True ; but Christians need motives to obedi
ence ; and' in cases of severe affliction, these
motives should be placed in the most touching
light. Pardon me. madam ; I know I am only
repeating yoor sentiments,; those, indeed, which
I have learned from your own lips and life.'
'Oh, doctor, yon have probed me lo the quick.
I am the selfish one, the unreconciled. I did
not repine that the affections of my niece were
given to Mr. Carlton. I felt that she ought to
love hef husband better than any other earthly
friend. But I cannot bear that ihe whole heart
of my precious child sould be buried in the grave
of her husband ; I want her to turn to me.
And so she will, rp(am, as soon as ihis tor
por of grief is, in sorre measure, removed.'
'Dear Emily,' said-Mrs. Eaton, greasy mov.
ed. She shall go to Paris. I will. Conquer
myself. I will talk to her of her husband ; he
w as an excellent man, and worthy of tier love.
There hhere ! Is not tsTt he 7 Merciful Heav-
en, my prayers are heaid ! It is Charles !.
A CHECK UPOJf ALL TOUR
SALISBURY, N. C
'I sent you a long letter the day before I left
I arts, detailing all the reasons which induced
me to goto Constantinople ; and siating also
the probability thai you might nol receive an
other letter, or hear from me, till I had the bless,
ed privillege of thus assuring you ofj my health
and happiness; and Charles Carlton'alternale
ly kissed the pale lip ofi his wile and the rosy
cheeks of his boy. as they were both encircled
in his arms. ' j
'The letter never reached me ; anjd, Charles
you cannot know how this silence i distressed
me.' ! .
'I see it, I feel it too well, my oy?n love.
If I had anticipated your affliction, not all the
bright prospects held out by Mr. Dijipin would
have weighed a feather. I would have come
to you.' ; ;
M. ! -11 I i ir.
never ininK oi ii vnaries. it is over,
you are here, and I shall soon he
then how happy we will be. You
leave me again.' y '
well ; and
Never ! never ! I have money enough, be.
sides paying all mv creditors, excepj Mr. Hal.
ford, who. has voluntarily relinquished his claim
to begin business again for myself. j We shall
know how to estimate our blessinjgjs. how lo
enjoy them. We will live for domestic happi-
ness, tor social improvement
for rejligious du-
But never again, my husband, foj- fashiona
San Francisco, May 27, 1851.
Dear Watchman: After a ling, tedi
ous, and tiresome voyage to all bn board
not Accustomed to " go down to he sea in
ships," we have all arrived at bbr destin
ed port in health and safety ; ariu4 as I pro
mised to let you hear from me before a
great while, I now propose to give you a
brief summary of the prominent events of
our four months " life on the ocen wave."
The day we left New rork, Jan. 31st,
was fair, but cold and windy. Having
in the morning dropped down to Staten
Island, about 4 o'clock in the afternoon
we weighed anchor, set sail, andj in a few
minutes our noble, ship (the Staj? Hound
of 1600 tons burthen, and j 220 feet in
length.) was gliding along over the blue
waves with dignity and grace. 1
It was truly a magnificent sig ht as we
headed off that evening so beautifully from
the shore, and made our way out farther
and farther upon the bosom of the " migh
ty deep;" and the passengers spent the
greater part of it pacing up and down the
quarter deck contemplating the enchant
ing scene. But our enjoymeni; did not
continue to flow on altogether ulnterrupt
ed and undisturbed. j
The remembrance of beloved! ! relatives
and friends from whom we had separated,
forced itself upon us: as each lojok in oth
ers face there c$uld be seen a depth of in
tense feeling, over which our ejnjoyment
pf the moment played as the little ripples
played upon the surface of the deep blue
sea around us.
The next morning I began to feel symp
toms of sea-sickness. Of this disease I
was under the impression I had, some ex
perience in going: from Philadelphia to
New .York, via Cape May; but I soon
found that I knew nothing of its horrors.
For three weeks and more I could scarce
ly eat a mouthful of anything at all. It
really seemed .to me at times tbat eating
was the most disgusting thing I had ever
seen men engaged in. Dishes, which on
shore had ever been most inviting, sud
denly lost all their attractions. The very
ight of them was loathsome ; and I not
bnly hated them, but almost every thing
else, even myself. j
I In fact, if there is anything in the world
that is calculated to raise the "Old Har
ry" in a man quicker than another, I be
lieve it is to put him on board a ship for
the first time, let him get fairly sea sick,
and then have a storm to come on, and
set the vessel to rolling, tumbling and
jvitchingjibout like a crazy beast; Such
Was precisely my case when five days out,
during which time I had eaten nothing
but had been vomiting almost incessantly,
f Now I would like to give a little short
Sketch of the storm I have alluded to ; but
it has been so long since, and so many
other interesting matters have since pre
sented themselves during the voyage that
the immense excitement it created at the
time cannot be so accurately described.
However, as the principal features of it
are so indelibly stamped upon my mem
ory that they can never be erased, I have
concluded not to pass it by altogether un
noticed. As I said befor, we were then
just five days out from New York, arid
about three degrees of the Bermudas.
It was now Wednesday evening! and we
had had a pretty heavy gale accompanied
with irregular squalls, all the time from
the Monday morning previous. Early in
the afternoon the "wind began to increase,
and directly after, there was seeri a black.
Ominous looking cloud making it$ way up
from the'horizon towards us, in tneidirec
tion from which the wind blew. iSoon its
lirnPO laoli7l(l . PXm iin
t3 - i o iinutru , IVl III CI 1 1
hour or two the rain commenced falling j
in torrents ; the wind howled and whis-
tied as I had never heard it do! before : !
the sea, alrearjy raised to a high pitch by ordr,nk' !t s not reasonable to suppose that
the continued: gale, began to aksurne a ! theJ cou'd have lived more than twdays long
much more fearful aspect than eteri Our er a! lh f"lh". if we had not picked them up,
ship, quite despaired of some timt before I ZL T kT'", Hvidenlial!y
i ' , r . r 4t i relieved. We received ihe Cap aihin our own
the SVrf nnrt nf (ha tomnaut carina r. . . . w-..m nj wn, v u
k "ui:: a'Z ST p'f-
uci uiiiiu posscugcrs, was now uBaicn
with double violence by the enlarged and
rhaddened billows ; and although most of
Do this, AJJci Liberty is safe.'
THURSDAY, JULY 31, 1851.
the sails usually furled in cases of this
kind had been taken in, still, Mazrppalike,
she seemed to dash over the hilly surface
with increased vigor at every bound. Eve
ry thing that was not fastened down about
the vessel was rolling here and there, and
every where, in the most confused disor
der ; the heavy seas she had Shipped and
the still heavier ones she was then ship
ping, added new and redoubled conster
nation to the bitter scene. Iri fact, things
began to wear such a dubious aspect, that
a speedy change, of some sort was looked
forward to with the greatest certainty,
not only by the passengers, j but by the
Captain and crew also; when to com
plete the horrors of the hour, the fore top
gallant, fore royal, main topmast, main
topgallant, main royal, mizzeh topgallant
and mizzen royal masts gave way, and
with their appendages came falling crash,
crash, all over and about the -ship, in the
most appalling manner. By this time it
was dark, and we " turned in that night,
doubting whether we should ever be per
mitted to see the light of another day.
And as for me, I suppose I was quite as
indifferent about it as any onejelse there :
for when a person gets to be as much un
der the influence of nausea as 1 was then,
lam somewhat inclined to believe that
h would regard a grave in ths sea as
more to be courted than dreaded. But as
the night passed off, we found that the
storm was abating ; and in jforty-eight
hours after we had fine weather, which
continued till we passed to the jother side
of the Equator.
Crippled as we were by the storm our
hopes of a quick passage were greatly
damped ; but fortunately for us we had
masts and fixtures on board ; and through
the indefatigable exertions and persever
ance of our vigilant Captain, we succeed
ed in getting all the wreck cleared away
and new masts put up in the course of
eighteen or twenty days. But! the shat
tered timbers and torn sails of this event,
opened an unusually large field of labor
for our Carpenter and Sail-maker, who,
like the other part of the creyv, always
have as much and more than they can do
when there is nothing of the kind takes
place. From here, we kept on our course,
which had been pretty much Southeast,
until we passed the Cape Verde Islands
about four degrees to the West, when we
turned South and crossed the Eqjator in
longitude between 29 deg. and 3(J min.
The next interesting incident that occurred
with us was when off the coast of Brazil in lat.
22 25', Ion. 33 29', Sunday. March 2nd. It
was about 6 o'clock, A. M., and 1 had just left
my state room and gone on deck to take a bath,
when a man by my side pointing over the star,
board bow, cried out "A boat! A boat! with
men in it." In an instant the news! was con
"veyed to every ear on board, and in jabout the
same length of time the starboard rail
ed lore and all with anxious sailors; and half,
uresseu passengers, an wonuering and conjec
turing what accident had befallen these discom
fited, unhappy looking people. As; we drew
nearer abreast of them (they making towards
us all the while as hard they could) they com
menced waving their hands and handkerchiefs,
beckoning lo us, and calling out in an unintelli
gible language, as if imploring us to receive
them on board. At the lime, the sea was run-
n I ii ir mnttiralalv tiirrVi and iti t ! .. I
.....j, ,nU..wu. "'b'M "c cic uiiiy dion
at the rate ot some five or six knots per hour ;
so thai in a few minutes we had them consid
erably on the stern. But we were not so des-
litute of humanity as to pass on and leave them
there surrounded by death on every Hand. Our
sympathies were quickly and enthusiastically
aroused for them; and as soon as th Captain
could, he hove the ship to, and waitedj for them
to row up. Pretty soon they came close up by
our side, and their nautical garb at once gave
sufficient evidence that they were not strangers
lo, nor unacquainted with, ihe life of seafaring
A rope was then thrown over to them, and
they were all able to pull themselves on board
by it except one, who we afterwards learned
was their Captain. He, poor fellow, was so
exhausted that he could not help himself, and
we had to draw him up. Their tale' was now
the next thing to be learnt; for as fyel not a
word had been understood from them. This
difficulty was removed, however, as soon as we
got them and all of our men collected; together ;
for among our polyglot crew of forty men,
(which represented nearly as many different
nations,) we quickly found our interpreter in the
person of an old Swede, whose story concern
ing them, as communicated by him to us from
them, was in substance about as follows : They
were Swedes, and belonged to the Russian bri
Sylphide, which had been lo Rio and taken in
a cargo of one thousand eight hundred and
twenty-five bags of Coffee, with which she had
set sail for Helsingfors, Finland. !
When five days out from Rio, a severe storm,
or rather squall, came upon ihem, and so com
pletely and suddenly wrecked their vessel, that
ihey had barely time to secure one of the
little boats and escape in it with their lives
not even having an opportunity to procure so
much as a bottle of water, nor a mouthful of
food ; and their carpenter, who was in bis
berth, sick at the t ime, they had to abandon to
a watery grave. They had then beep out three j
days iu this condition, with nothing) to eat or;
drink, save the legs ol their Captain's boots, I
which tbey said they had been chewing to sus-
,a'n Exposed as they were to the burning
ra.V8 f a tropical Sun, without anything to eat
cabin, and at our table, and entertained b.m
hospitably, & made him as comfortable in every
way, as we well could. His men went before
the mast, and proved a very acceptable addition
VOLUME VIII-NUMBER 13.
to our crew, especially in doubling Cape Horn;
for they could endure the cold much better than
our seamen. Thai day in commendation of ihe
act we had performed in the morning, we read
during dirine service, the parable of the Good
About three o'clock in the aftemnnn f iK.
same day, a little circumstance came under my
observation which, though iljnay seem quite a
trivial affair in the eyes of many, may never-
theless serve lo illustrate in some degree bow
inconsiderate and disresnectf.il we m.w.fi
oi in- lives of inferior animals. The subject
of it was a little land bird, very much resem-
Illin(T nnr hast,.. .-.L- L i.
j 'I'anuw, wnica was discover-
j ed resting upon one of the larboard main bra
j ces. It had wandered out on the water and
looked as if it was nearly perished, and so weak
a couiu scarcely ny. Un seeing it, I ran be-
and got a few crumbs of bread, and itrew.
ea tnem along over the life boat nearest to it.
But just at this moment the Swedish captain,
who had now begun to revive came up on deck,
and spyingthediitressed little wanderer.he walk
ed as deliberately to the rope upon which it was
setting, as if it had been some noxious intruder,
and shook it violently. At this the bird flew
off some distance from the ship, and then came
back again, and lit in the very same place ;
again the captain shook the rope with as much
or more force than he had done at first, and
again the bird did just as it had done before.
This same thing was repeated for the third
time ; when the wearied little creature, appa
rently despairing of life, and welcoming death
as a renei to its sufferings darted down upon
water, and was seen no more. One would
that man of all others on
board, himself so recently and so similarly lit
uated. would have been the last to display such7
want of feeling.
Keeping along down the South Ameri
can coast, we passed on between Patago.
nia and the Falkland Islands; and on the
morning of the 21st of March, we found our
selves within about 20 miles of Staten Land,
1 his was the first land we had seen since we
lett home, and we did nothing but feast our eyes
upon it all that forenoon ; until we got so'far
offi'rom it it had the resemblance of a mere
cloud. When we were nearest lo it, I took up
I U . lL II I 1 . r . '
me iricsL-upe ana looKeo at it lor some time.
but could distinguish nothing but its rufed and
sterile looking mountain, the highest peaks of
which were covered with snow, and presented
quite a picturesque and lofty appearance. No
vegitation nor living thing of any sort could be
discerned. But a young Bostonian whom
afterwards saw in Valparaiso, told us he nass
ed so near the shores of some of the land there
(he did not know the name of it) lying al the
Southern eitremily of Patagonia, that he could
see the natives, who, he said, were
. n . . . "
tan, gigantic people about eight feet high (?)
and who ran along on the shore abreast of
them, and whooped and yelled at them like
wild, ferocious indians. On Sunday following
we saw Cape Horn.
Up to this lime we had been priding our
selves upon the auspicious lime we had happen
ed lo come upon Cape Horn, (the most notori
ous of all places upon the " high seas" for
rough weather and contrarv wind. and iK-
quick run we were going to have around it ; f(
we had then had delightful weather and favora-
I bio winds ever since we had been South of the
La Plata river; and we were in hopes we had
; just hit upon the right lime, and that we should
sail round and be out of danger of the
jaws" in one or Iwo days, instead ol being kept
there live," six, and seven weeks, as has some
times been the case with other veessels. But
towards ni:ht Mr. Cane Horn, the terror nf all
I J : i t r
i nil idiui s, uiscoverea us, ana lor seven
i kept us almost completely at bay.
' whole of 'his time the wind blew
teeth at a terrible rate, and brought either rain,
hail, or snow, with il every day. Owintr lo
; this hard and continued blowing, the sizeand
power of the waves became perfectly appalling,
In fact they ran so large and so high that eveTy
, one looked like a little ocean of itself; and not
; unfrequently would they slrike the ship with
such tremendous force that I thoij"ht she would
be broken into atom'. Finally, however, by
tacking, turning and twisting about, we suc
ceeded in getting fairly around, much lo the
gratification of all, and especially to the relief
ot our worn out seamen, w ho had been up work
ins: wiih all their miyht. dav and niorht. fir a
While in the neighborhood of ihe Cape we.
saw thousands of albatrosses, gulls, petrels and
ichthyophagous birds ; and by means of a fish
hook tied to the end of a long line, and baited
with a piece of fat bacon which we let out some
distance from the stern of the vessel, we caught
several of a species t sailors called the Cape
Hen ; one of which I measured from the tip
nf its right wing lo its left : it was seven feet
across. The albatross is about twice as large
as this. Here loo, while in this latitude we
ha ve our fairest views of the great Southern
Cross, the Magellon clouds, &c, constella
tions of as much notoriety in th Southern hem
isphere, as ihe Pleiodes or Belt of Orion is in
Finding our water was now bejnninr lo give
out, and that we should have to procure a fresh
supply belore we could reach Calfornta, we
began to bend our course towards Valparaiso.
second day before we reached thii
place, which was on 1 uesday afternoon, the
8th of April, we found ourselves close in upon
the coast of Chili, South of the city and harbor
to which we were then bound : and as we pass-
, ed along up the shore we had a magnificent view
not only of its own high, barren hills, but also
of the lofty and lowering heights ol the Andes
at the distauce of one hundred and forty. five
I miles in the interior. To add to the grandeur
of this spectacle on land, another now present-
ed itself on the ocean around us, in the form
of " great
first we had seen.
Wre saw a greal rrQffly of these huge creatures
lhat and the next day, ai.d one of them came
within two or three rods of the stern of the ship
and spouted the water with a noise something
like lhat of a Mississippi steamboat.
Wre had scarcely drawn in port and cast an.
chor, before we were surrounded with little
boats filled wiih Americans, natires, and for-
eigoeri who had come out, aa thej laid, to hear
from ui and to see our ship. From theie men
we learned that four dara orevioui to that lim
ine bad had a aerere earthquake, and that al
most every houie in th city had been more or
leif injured by it a part completely deatrojtd,
and aome persona killed. It was alio reported
by some of them, that it had laid a great por.
lion of Santiago, ihe Capitol, in ruins ; hut
as yet nodifiniie news had been received from
any of the inland cities or towns, and it was
not positively ascertained what its destroying ef.
fecta bad been in any other!ace, save only in
that. Late that evening, about half an hour
before sun down, wa made our debut in the
city ; but it waa then too late to see or learn
anything that day, so we returned directly to our
own quarter, and waited in suspense for the
Immediately after an early breakfast. Wed.
neiday morning, we put off in a small boat for
be shore, and were not a little amazed on r.
: rJTiftS ,here lo find everything to new and dif.
! 111 from whal we hd suppoied it was. A
' grfat Crud of ,he nl,ites. dresied in their pe.
U fa,hior, collected upon the wharfi,
a.nd Were makinrT gret hubbub with their
clamorous tongues (the Spanish) and noiiv ae.
rt . .
nous. ! oey appeared to re a simple bt arted,
kind, but ignorant and abominably filthy sort
Scarcely had we been in the cit- half an hour
that morning, when I ilepped inA a bather's
shop to have my beard and hair tJHen off: and
while sitting' down in a chair, just in (be act of
beng shaved, the barber very suddenly sprang
aghast from me towards ihe dior, and the first
thing I knew the whole earth, houses and eve.
rything around me, were quivering, shaking
and Quaking in the moil terrific manner; tho'
fortunately or timid mortals il did not last more
than seven or eight second. Juit at the mo.
ment it commenced, I could-not for my life think
what it was, but the man wiih he razor seem,
ed lo realize in an instant what the matter waf,
for he bad experienced a much more awful
earthquake only five days before, and knew
the ropes" well enough. On coming out of
the shop, just as I entered the street, we tad
the same thing over again, and instantaneously
the whole streets were filled with men, women
and children, apparently in the greatest confu.
sion, and frightened half out of their wits. I
noticed several of the women particularly who
upon running out placed themselves at once in
an altitude of prayer, and looked as though they
feared it was the " last of earth" with them.
(They are all Catholics) Both of these quakes
were much lighter than the firit one they bad.
and l do not believe either of Ihem did any dam
age ol consequence in that place
But the first
i came verJ near la)'inS lhe whole cj in ruins.
1 n euslom-house, churches, stores and
ly all the principal buildings were cracked so
badly that many of them were considered dan
gerous ; some of which they were pulling down
entirely, and repairing other as best iheycould.
We were there from that time tillthaufi
. of Saturday following ; but did not feel any
.1 II- . . -
other shock of an earthquake ; and as for me I
nope I never shall feel another.
As lo the city itself, we saw uolhing that
was really beautiful about it. Most of the re.
idences were built of mud and straw, and cor.
ered with tiles ; and upon lbs whole, if any.
thing, were inferior to the negro huts on a
planter's farm. The immense sterile bills all
about, around, and through tho city, presented
quite a dreary and desolate appearance, and
prevented us from seeing more than bail the
number of its buildings at once. The popula.
Hon ol.it at present is 65.000. Th-v hare nn
, - -j
Umber nor any green thing close by, and all
iheir supplies, firewood, A:c, are brought some
nine or ten miles from the interior on the backs
of mules. There the ground is said to be more
level, the soil very productive, and to use the
language of ihe country's historian ' all ihe
fruits of ihe earth grow there in the greatest
abundance." Towards noon lhal dav. we
chartered some donkies and rode out about two
! miles to a garden called the Vale of Paradise
! in the upper part of the city. Thri ws as
charming a spot as I ever beheld, and with the
exception of three or four other little places like
it, the only level and fertile spot of earth we
aw during ihe whole lime we were-there.
Here (the 9th of April) we got applei, pears,
peaches, quinces prickly pears, oranges, lera
ons figs, bananas, pomegranates, water and
musk-tnellons, 6lc. &c, lo our hearli' content.
On Thursday having by some means or otb.
ergol leparated from my comrades, I began
rambling about through the city alone, dter
mined to see and learn as much of it while lher
as I could conveniently. At last I found I had
wondered very nearly to its northern outskirts,
when coming across a neat little winding path,
I followed it up till it led me to ;he opened gate
of a beautiful palisoded enclosure ; here, upon
looking inr I saw before me a long, clear, and
level walk in the midsl of one of the most de.
lectable gardens I had ever seen. All the wav
overhead, from one end of it to the other, there
were large, lucious clusters of grapes hanging
down, nearly the size of a common pitcher;
while on either side there seemed to be an ac
tual rivalry in growth and luxuriance between
the different vegetables and fruits. About half
way up the walk, in a well shaded place, two
middle aged men, dreised in long robes, and
with books in iheir hands, were lining on a
bench, reading. S:ill I stood at the gate a
minute or two longer, wondering what all this
could moan, no body seeing me and seeing no
dody but the two men before me, who appeared
lobe absorbed with their books. To go in I
feared would not only be interrupting the ex
treme quietude which seemed loprevail around;
but also trespassing upon ihe private groundi of
those whom I had no business toditurb. How.
ever, hoping lo frame some sort of an excuse by
offering to purchase some fruits, I stepped in, and
slowly approaching the literary gentlemen, I
enquired ' Can you speak English I
the farthest one from me aroe, and bavin?
replied in the affirmative, harrangued me at
some length in Latin, not a word of which I
understood except the termination, which was
" St. Patrick ?" Manilesiing by my looks as
well as I could my ignorance I his ecclesias
tical salutation, inquiry, or whatever it was, he
immediately "changed his tune ;" and after
apologizing to him somewhat for my raw intru
sion, we entered into a long conversation ; pro
minading in the mean time up and down ihe
lovely walk.' From him I learned lhal Ihe ad
joining buildings were occupied as a Roman
Catholic College, and lhat he was one of the
professors and prie.t, and lhat this garden
was exclusively for the use and benefit ol the
priests. He said it was one of the largest Col
leges in Chili, and lhat ihey had pupils from
nearly all the Republics and Provinces of the
continent. He was him-elf a native of Belgi
um, bul bad ome out to Chili as a Missionary
some fifteen years ago. 1 answered a great
j many questions of his concerning the United