TKf ur fi ..... Dollars py
ffLf. k IJ in 'advance. Two Dollars
'I y,.r. Two Do
li'l r , f .J At m
Rat J not pW'
i - ..KiriTt J . !
i -i e ,n the nrst.nnu .f-
' Zr cih-hlghrr than! these ra
,r must be posi paid.
f fje the Watch mrjn.
ri-Whcn nev schemes and
nr. . .
ff1"' -. j i h. ritht to scrii-
I. . I 1 Mri"'u T'-o
P.' .J nmnnrn hem with thfe
lire thrn, v" i i
F ,.L,-hPl and if UDOn SUCt)
l nl lllK iwi"- i
JffijlJiOEIN A WATCHMAN, .
J. J. BRUNER,
Editor iy Proprietor.
Keep a check upon all yovx
1 i 1 .t konmnii nnr rlntv
l nSm. then "
.I'll i I lim rttfior tirivki
l ... a anil HiiiniL Liitiii. witii . iw..
y i ' I fVii. Ss vimir has ffttnh!r.
feet on. The initial fee points to one ojf
its faults. The admission fee is too dol
lars, and in addition to it five cents nPr
I1 1 1 ! l I i
both of precept and example.
ial manner the
From the Asheville News.
TO THE PUBLIC.
Vnrirkiia la lament ., f L. - J..LI L- l
ki. .,, ' r i i oiuii.ui3 ji me uuei wuica occur-
, whiQR will amount to four dollars H-lhetween Gol. John Baxter! and mvself on
ne 4tn mat., havjng been nui in circulation for
heart, and sb
....t- oiil Inn Iv in!
,twas hwbulnility and patience, tha;t
he was rev led, ho rev leu not agair).
' j-nnished tihe multituile and his di4-
fJ not to do like the Serines and Pharj-
L wbosaid he.Tove the uppermost roomjs
.cf Htid the chief seats in the byrial-
" anJ creitings in the markets, anl The Gospel is preached to the pooK
called of .men, Itabbi.l lUbbi. Bult
if iCabbi ; for one
jlv an J si rn pi i
' .L . I I
i iDe aposues
uit the taste
'i tern i i'
cnopi oi jini, nor uia
? oi me toutu ers ot our
Mve chllecr JCahbi ; lor one is your
;.er cveh Chhst i and all, ye are bre- !
L And call jno man your father upoji
fartri; lor onp is your miner wdicm
n heaven. Neither be yje'called mas-
; for orie is j)irr niastef, even Christ
j whosocvcrhall exalt himself shall
flha.ed ; and $e that shall; humble him-
shall be exajtcd. rather was a name
:le of dignity.as well as jlabbi among
lebrcws anfJ' was applied to their
ors and . distjjngurehcd men, and the
5ol our 8'avio jt gave th Scribes and
risecs plainly shpvv tht he disap-
LfJ of titles of dignity, nnid the reason
Jcnt, because, they foster and in-
rcing the priap ahd arrogancy of the
!sand l'harjfeees arrayed himsell as
r.g, and movd aing the streets of
tsalem in a ptrtmpous style, would y
V.uve invalidated his advice and all
ipotlcs put oil a regalias the ensign
Ljalty.and furnished themselves vvitji
JianJ flig", and paraded, the streets
ii. -.ill 1 1 'i . i i i.
;A wun Dialing lamps or lorcn light,
dthis haVe cen an example of hu-
ty f I thhdv not. And
met in council, is it pro-
that they, addressed thir president,
1 -?This sort of style did
iif those men taught in
t nor did it suit the
o persons Torn ttiemselvps into a sp
or an asspefation ' and- fiame them-
t, the name ought to be appropriate.
jhave now an-asociatioji who call
Nflve? inn flons ot 1 emperance.--implies-thatHheir
fathers were teen
e men. vvhlcli can hardly be the case
general thenar. We read of persons
j Pre called the sons of God, and why
ttly called so ? Hecause thev re-
icauod. ltwouId seem that the
have imblbejl the. notion that they '
pposed because they ari) endeavor- i
jptit down tlje utinccessaijy and bane- '
of spirits, omc may Oppose them
i ground, Lot as a geneiral thinyr it
t the case,. bibause there are thous-
m fQUch opposed to intemperance
to the 'uscVqf spirits, as!a common
rg;'aany 5on of their Order. As
fUcan learh'.ilhe principal ground on
attiey arc ofhosed is their Constitu-
Mini miuiii; kji nciiii. i ney
adoptel fifths better adapted to a
jvchjr than ja Republican Govern-
aha. Grand iScribe. and
hy Patriarch. The word recralia.
'J. ''P'"8 ' of .royalty, arid hence jit
Jem thatihe framersof their Coh-
'n were nuin who were fond of rojy-
auu Minonuc words. Again, their
f actins, tV manv. is nAt nnnrrtvUl
bjyr parading the streets in the'nidht
am! tnml linV.f ia Ln
fitting 'a tnjiitary oflicer musterihg
?nthan teachers of maml ilnti.L
dlll'lpa orl U .1.. II' I I I
i -...a 'ic iiraiiy Hinru io sacreo
F' and ouchttlin 1a tmri
" the jear of God, otherwise the tef
IHesupficial. G. G M. tells us
I lae lJ!e degraded I drunkards
9 '"viMoniroom, and ciarry
u a course 'of hr-Ami lull U Tl
Do THIS, AWD LlBERTT IS SAFE."
VOLUME VIII NUMBER 17.
C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1851.
and sixty cents the first year, and in
each succeeding year two dollars and
sixty cents. Nxjwon these terms a great
number of miserable, penny less drunkards
must bef prevented from joining their Or
der, and consequently cannot be admitted
into the a Division room to be carried
through a course of beautiful and inter
esting ceremonies, and to te warned a-i
gainst the baneful influence of spirituous
liquors. Thse terms differ very much
from the terms of the Gospel. Christ said.
preached to the nooK This
is one excellency of the Gosnel. it invitP.
j-- - -----
the poor in a special manner to receive
salvation without money and without
price. It invites the drunkard, who has
no money, into that fountain of life which!
cures intemperance and every other dis
ease of the soul. This is the best Divi
sion room into which a drunkard ever
went or can go. In this he will find sub
stance instead of parade, and empty cer
emonies. Intemperance, as well as all
other sins, originates from a vitiated heart,
and it is a spiritual disease, and must
have a spiritual remedy : natural means
in such cases, signify just nothing. In
temperance, as well as all other stns, go-
U 4. .. 1 . I . .
fin ihh out out ny lasting and prayer,
therefore I beg leave to ask do the Sons
when they take the degraded drunkards
into a Division room, fervently pray to
God that he may cast out the demor.sand
restore them to their right minds.
Is Mr. P. S. White as well furnished
with faith and prayer as he is with laugh
able "anecdotes ? If he is, the evil spirit
will not have the assurance to say, Jesus
I k now ; and Paul, I know ; but who are
you But if he has not these Christian
graces, the probability is. that the demon
will leap upon him as it did upon the sons
ot ocova and cause him to flee naked and
wounded. Doctor Clarke says. " several
systems of religion have some good ordi
nances, and moral precepts they speak
against sin, and recommend a moral life i
but under them not one sinner is convert
ed ; and why? Because they minister
not the power of God. Nor Hops vn
the strong and forcible preaching of the !
divine precepts of Christianity itself, pro
duce this. Where Juses is not preached
as the power of God, as well as the wis
dom ot God. no sinner is converted from
the error of his life. The profligate con
tinues bis course, drunkards, swearers, li
ars, Sabbath breakers, the unjust, the un
clean, and the unholy, continue under the
influence and power of sin, though they
may frequent the ministry of those who,
not knowing the work of God upon their
own hearts, think God works not at all ;
and endeavor to produce the wonderful
change which the Gospel requires and the
state of the soul demands, by moral sua
sion, and administration of the divine or-
dinances ! Vain labor U Without this
; power of God, no good can be effected.
! Jesus, as putting away sin by the sacri-
fice of himself, and sending fprththe en
: lightening and powerful, influence of the
i Holy Ghost, must be clearlv. faithfully,
and incessantly preached. Where this is
, done, sinners will be converted unto God,
and believers built up on their most holy
, faith. This was the Gospel which St.
, Paul preached, because he knew it to be
the power of God to Salvation. He had
felt it to be such; and he witnessed it as
in tie r-
! I .
i -,rilKmif,?, an warn tnem against
i anful iluepce of spiritous liquors,
nothing a-lout those beautiful qer-
i i cs. rn r i.3.t a i
, I'Ul l kl i iw mill ooi-rj m nrt i t. i -t
I iiiv VI ll-IIIUIIICOi III
I. and espfially a numbler of them,-
-HHiie vnlop. I fear thi Sons have
- rearms with m ich powder the Bible.
-'uie ieai u i...t
v,uurcn;ot Kome distinguished
r"aoove a IrChnphJ- 1
the only means of saving, either a lost
world, or a lost soul."
Now if the Doctor is right, and there
can be no doubt but he is, how can the
Sons expeet to change4he heart of drunk
ards by fantastical means and ceremo
nies? But the regeneration of. the heart
appears not to be their object, because
Sobriety says, " We do not hold that the
temperance society ever regenerated any
one,' yet they represent themselves as pi
oneers preparingdrunkards fortheChurch,
but if regeneration is not taught and urg
ed upon their members they are badly
prepared to be put into that sacred build
i In the foregoing observations I have
pointed out things in the system of the
Sons which many think to be repugnant
tto the doctrines of the Bible, and it is the
wish of mahy'that some jw niter of their
Order will confine himself to this point,
and prove, if it can be projved. that their
andfl with those of
11 vj 1. Hi' o v - -I- -
the purpose of iniurinfr me I am inn.ir.;n. :
f O 1 -mm -'9mU9WWt-M III
justice to myself, to make a simple statement
Of the facts in the caee, in order that the public,
if they feel any interest in the matter, may at
least, form their opinions correctly and under
The cause of our quarrel is a matter of no
great importance to the public, I though it was
truly set forth in an article published in the
Ashefille News, of the 24th inst. Suffice it ;
that Col. Batter insulted me, by proclaiming me
to the World, through the Messenger, as a liar,
and I challenged him. The pajer containing
this charge appeared on Tuesday afternoon the
15th of July. I sent ibe challenge the same af.
noon by my friend, Dr. E. R. Jones, and re
ceived Col. Baxter's reply throlgh his friend
Mr.jJ. W. Woodfin the next morrjing. This re.
ply bf Col.: Baxter was insulting, and of a char
acter which would have justified jme, according
to the laws which govern gentleman under such
circumstances, to have refused to notice it. I
wever, waived any objection to it. My se
cond ihen sought an interview wjih Mr. Wood
fin, Col. Baxter's second for the purpose of ar
ranging the preliminaries of our riieeting. All
that! was agreed upon was the weapons. Dr.
Jonls had had several other interviews with
Mr. f Woodfin, insisting all the iime, that the
terrris of our meeting should be reduced to writ
ing.and signed here befre we left. This pro
position was declined, and I left here in compa
ny with my friend Dr. Billiard, on the 23d,
knowing nothing of what sort of meeting I had
to expect with Colllaxter, except that we were
to use the ordinary duelling pistols.
When we arrived upon the ground a formal
acceptance of my challenge, dated at the Salu
da Uap was handed me, and the ' terms of the
meeting in Col. Baxter's hand writing were
submitted to us for out consideration. They
are as follows :
1st. The weapons shall be the ordinary duel
ling pistols, loaded with one ball and the dis.
lance forty feet. i
2nd. The parties shall hold their pistols by
their sides in a perpendicular position, with the
musel to the ground.
3rd. The word or signal for fireing shall be
given by the friend of one of the parties, to be
determined by lot, in the following manner.
The person giving the word or signal, shall ask
41 are you ready ? ' And on receiving an affirm
ative reply from both parties, he? shall proceed
to count " one, two, three, fire. Neither
party shall firo or make any attempt to fire be
fore the word " fire : And the person giving
the word or signal for firing shall repeat the
manner in which he will do so in the presence ot
both the parties before they take their positions
It will be remarked by those who are conver
sant with the manner of giving the word on an
occasion of this sort, that the method selected
by Col. Baxter was in contravention of the or
dinary usage. No words of hall were called
after the word fire, and the object peemed to be
to ensure some one being hit. My second ob
jected to the unusual manner of giving the word
but upon a little conference betweejn Mr. Wood
fin and Col. Baxter the latter gentleman not
vieldinff the point. I instructed mv second to
make no further olnection.
The seconds proceeded to loacj the pistols,
when Mr. Woodfin found he had np charger for
Col. Baxter's pistol. I offered mine which was
accepled. Mr. Woodfin charged
Mr. BaxteKseeing the size of the
Mr. Woodfin to put in another charge, j Mr
Woodfin, hesitating, said it was sufficiently well
charged, whereupon Mr. Baxter remarked he
could not put in too much. Mr. Woodfin accor
dingly put in the additional charge of powper,
and Mr. Baxter selected and rammed the ball
down with his own hand. He then selected a
cap, put it upon his pistol, and we took our po
siliohs. Mr. Woodfin gave the word and at the
word fire, I distinctly saw Col. Baxter's hand
raise and level his pistol at me. j 1 shot, and
heard but one report. Dr. Hilliardj my surgeon,
Dr. Jones, my second, and my servant who was
standing near me heard but one report. Mr.
Woodfin was standing nearer Col. Baxter and
thinks he could distinguish a difference in the
report of the pistols. My ball struck Col. Bax
tor between the knuckles of the second and
ihird fingers of his right hand, ranged up the
hand and arm, and lodged in the arm. Any one
may make the experiment and they will see at
once his pistol waspresented at me.
( A few moments after Col Baxter was shot,
and while the medical gentlemen were dress
in" his wounds, Dr. Jones came to me and said
thatiCol. Baxter had authorized htm to say to
me that he had not intended to fire at me, and
should not have dune so, had my ball not hit
hi hand, and caused his pistol to fire. Dr.
much credit should be attached to this man's as
sertions that he did not intend to fire at me.
Nobody in this community believes it, except
a few contemptible slaves, who ill ay any
thing they are paid for, and perhaps a few crazy
The above statement has been submitted to
us, and we find the facts in it correctly and tru
W. L. HILLI RD.
E. R. JONES.
Asheville, July 31, 1851.
Dear Sib : ;
The accompanying statement of
the affair between Col. Baxter and myself, I
submit to you for lbe purpose of asking wheth
er,""as far as you know, anything in it is incor
rectly, or unjustly stated.
Very truly yours,
J. W. Woopfin, Eq.,
Asheville, N. C.
We yesterday said a word of the effects pro
duced towards bringing about Secession, by
me merely vindicating it as an abstract riht.
while confessing that there exists
occasion for resorting to it.
whig opinion inlouisiana:
At a meeting of the Wht of: Ascension
and St. James Parishes to appoint delegates to
a nominating Conrei.tion, the following truly
National Whig resolutions were passed :
Resolved, That, however uncalled for and
supererogatory, under ordinary ciraurastances
and in ordinary times, might appear the form,
al declaration by American citizens of their fi.
delity and attachment to the Federal Union, the
menacing attitude of South Carolina, and the
treasonable language of some disaffected spir.
its in other portions of the South, render it in.
cumbent upon us, as Southerners, to profit by
every fitting opportunity to reiterate publicly
our profound and unalterable love for the glorj.
ous free Republican Government under wETch
we lire : that, accepting in goodJaithlhe serie
of measures known as the Compromise as a
definitive settlement. of the dangerous and ex
citing questions which for years back have been
We have now to ' Krrm,l,,a unwisely to disturb our national peace
we repeal now, what we have already proclaim,
ed, that we ask for no other Constitution and
speak of other pernicious effects that must in.
eviiabl? flow from all such
of one of those deplorable political catastrophes i no olber Union ,ht 'hose with which we weri
which, if it ever comes at all, had better come
upon us unwarned, than come prematurely.
Asheville, N. C JuJy 31st, 1851.
Dear Sir :
Your article making statements
in relation to the difficulty between yourself and
Col. Baxter, has been shown to me, and hastily
examined. By first expressing my regret that
anything further should be said in the public
prims in rngaru io me auair, anq renewing mv
ormerly expressed desire, fas made known to
you and Col. B.,) that nothing further should be
said in regard thereto in a public manner; I
will answer, that 1 see no statement of facts giv.
a . . .
en, as coming within my observation, which I
could deny. I am of course, expressing no
opinion upon the correctness of your conclu-
sions, and particularly with regard to the one
in reference to Col. B. a intention not to fire.
I will state one fact which is rejrred loin your
article; lam clear and distinct in this, that
there was a difference perceptabie in the re-
port of the two pieces. I mentioned it imme.
diately on the occasion, and cannot be mistaken
in regard thereto.
I am very Respetfully,
J, W. WOODFIN.
M. Erwin, Esq., at his office. .
MOB IN COLUMBUS, G A.
We find the following dispatches in
the Macon Journal and Messenger of
Wednesday last :
Columbus, Aug. 123 30 P. M.
Messrs. Editors : There is a great mob
raging here at present. The negro man
Jarrett, convicted by two successive Ju
ries of the infamous crime of committing a
rape upon a little girl of leu years old, was
to have been hung to day. To the sur
prise of every one, he was pardoned by
Gov. Towns. This has created great in
dignation among the populace, and a mob
of five hundred persons are now before
the Jail awaiting the hour of 4 o'clock, at
which time they expect to hang him.
Columbus, Aug. 126. 10 P. M.
The mob assembled at 4 o'clock, pro
ceeded to the Jail and demanded the keys.
The Sheriff refused to give them, up the
doors were broken open, and the negro
brought out and hung to a pine tree back
of the Jail.
provoked by the rash and irreverent debate of
a subject too sacred to be touched until we
know that it must be deliberated, because it
must be acted on.
There are public sentiments in abundance
there are private affections there are prin.
ciple of morals there are points of faith, which
rest not upon reason, but are derived from na
ture and the heart; ar which none discuss
but tools that never fell them or snphUters in
whom they are lost. What is the u.e of con.
sidering whether a man should love his coun
try or not? his parents or not? He has al
ready lost half the feelings of the patriot or the
son, who consents to hold a question with him.
self of either duty. Many of the great points
of social action must be accepted as instincts,
adopted as ultimate truths. We must adore
God, not examine him: we must revere Mar
riage, not philosophize with our wit about what
human wit never invented : we must respect
Property, lest we should, by speculating on
how or why it came, sink into that worst kind
of thief who fancifully styles himself a Social
ist. So of a hundred other things bf the affec
tions and sentiments ; they love not to argue ;
they recoil from the rough and frigid touch of
logic. By the lime a woman has analyzed all
the principles of Modesty and Chastity, how
many women will have any of either left ?
Like these is that intimate, that reverential.
that grateful, that fillial idea, that political in.
stinct of our hearts, which the noblest man
amongst us have ever cherished and honoured
as little less than a sort of religion and myste
ry, even in that early day when the prophetic
eye of patriotism itself could yet see but dimly
the benefits which this Union was to bestow
upon us. They bade us, from the beginning.
look on it as a consecrated idea, a sacred ar
rangement of our public safely, which it would
be profane to handle. They evidently regard
ed, as not merely for us a national good the
vastest, but an indissoluble necessity, from
which there was and would ever be no outlet
but into absolute mutual ruin.
Its very discussion, therefore, they charged
us, with every solemn warttng, never to touch.
How wisely, the event, though long after, has
unhappily proved. For the mere raising of the
question, in South Carolina, some 25 years ago
the mere claim of freedom to talk about its
!. .1 i ... .1
possibility tne simple enunciation mere, ny
that famous doubter of every religiou idea, Dr.
Thomas Cooper, has led, by gradual weakening
of every instinctive feeling of loyally and na.
lionality, to the entire state of popular disaffec
tion which now prevails there, and exlingush
ed in the general breast every American sen.
timent, every thought of this as their country.
They began twenty-five years ago, by only
claiming that there was no harm in 44 calcula
ting the value of the Union ;" they have end
ed by the very arithmetical results of that
calculation, and ascertained, by the rules of
Cocker, that it is worth considerably less than
nothing at all 1
If we, in Virginia, desire to be led to the
same wise conclusion, we have only to lolerate
that presses and politicians ould destroy our
inherent repugnance to the like, by familiar
izing the public mind with this fatal idea and
uprooting all the old reverence for what Wash
ington and his compeers held loo holy for de
bate. If the very principle of institutions, the very
hie of States, is to be submitted, just when it
endowed by the founders of the Republic
Kesolced. That the present Administration
deserves the gratitude and hearty support of all
potriotic Americans, North, South, East, and
West, (or the firm stand it has taken and main,
lained at every hazard in favor of the Constitu.
tional rights of the South ; and that we hail with
unalloyed gratification the repeated evidences
of a returning sense of allegiarle to the laws
manifested by our Northern, ilethren, under
the teachings of our most eminent political lead
ers of both parties.
HOLD THEM TO THE RECORD !
So signal has been the defeat of the Seces
sionists in our State, wherever the issue has
been fairly made, that every effort will be att
empted by the leaders, to take the back track.
No stratagem will be left untried, to extricate
themselves from the position they assumed du
ring the last Session of the Legislature, and in
the recent campaigt, for Congress. They a I.
ready see and feel that their doctrines are odj.
ous to the Union-loing People of the Slate,
and whilst they do not intend to abandon those
doctrines, they will, nevertheless, endeavor to
evade the true issues. But their opinions aud
, purposes are on record. That record they can-
not eipunge. They have done what they
! could to break down the Compromise. They
! have bent their whole energies lo establish the
; doctrine of Secession. They bare given "aid
) and comfort " to South Carolina in her designs
! against the Union. They have done all this
j in the face of day. Let the friends of the Com
! promise and the Union be on their gaard, and
I hold them lo their doctrines make them stick
lo the record Remember the Standard" has
proclaimed that " Secession is a trdinal prin
ciple of the Democralic faith !" Keep this be
fore the People and we have (hem "just where
we want them." Raleigh Register.
From the Charlotte Journal.
CHARLOTTE AND S. C. RAIL ROAD.
A meeting of the Directors of this Com
pany took place at Chester, on the 13th
inst. We learn from a gentleman pre
sent that the road is progressing as rap
idly as possible, but it will not reach Ches
ter as early as was expected, as one of
the contractors has been materially retar
ded by coming across a bed of rock. -The
road has been doing a very gpod bu
siness for the past three months, which
are usually the dullest in the season.
The following was taken from the books
of the Company, as the earnings for the
three months :
Receipts for May, June, & July, $9,728 CO
Expenses 41 " 44 5,479 35
We are indebted to Capt. Eudy, super
intendent of the Hodgin Mine, for a splen
did specimen of Quartz Crystals, taken
from the' deepest tunnel, 120 feet. He
thinks California can hardly beat ourState
for fine specimens of crystal quartz rock, j pleases every rash and bad anatomist, to his
The crystals are thrown together in mass-(dissecting knife, what government ever so
es of the most fantastic forms, as though ! healthy must not presently perish under ir.ves
Nature had first completed her heavier , ,iSa,ion I What reverence, and finally what
made her playthings of this magnificent
mineral. Greensboro' Patriot.
Humors of the World's Fair. The. Bos
ton Transcript publishes a series of inter
esting and amusing letters in relation to
the World's Fair in London, from Mr. J.
V. C. Smith. The following anecdotes
are related in one of his letters of a late
44 A portly fellow, with an eye glass pres
sed into the orbit, inquired of another, in
the act of inspecting the properties of
Mr. Clapp's very beautiful coach from
Pittsfield, whether "the Americans ever
rode in carriages." Another sapient, with
nnmntnmpH hftir and tarrvin? a ffold hea-
Jonfs said to me that as my friendconsidering j asked a visitor from the other
side, of the water, if the "Rocku Moun-
rebels by jpurple and
Vf . I . i.L .
v -.or, by richness and
ny-utnp and naikde of'lier
.irl'tices fiL'.Ji,..: . ... . .
Mn " ' ,,l"llu' 111 auu ostentation
"V their jfaojumunion. And also,
l"ey set un ltro .i ...... i.i.
i-n -i. i . ' " ' "Ul1 !ll'u i ii i lie
f'Uhd highwavs nn,! .v. . r
lrS, atlil Qarrieil iinu trot. rwl .Ji;A
mVm. I i ......j,. ? emu IHIIU3
S mus,(nd singing." The $ons
prance tell i. itit .uL. -X
and Hapv, Ivi i ,i ' fi. usc ut,r
rQrd fnUr C0Urse to Rdd to
, ...... duataciua i nun
i r-j i
Resolving a Difficulty. As the cham
bermaid of a steamboat upon the Ohio,
was passing out of the ladies' cabin, an
old lady, in a plaintively husky tone re
quested her to shut the door, as she had
caught such a bad cold at Detroit, that
she wasaltTmt dead. At this momenta
very phthisic old lady occupying a berth
near the door, forbade the girl to shut it
on account of her shortness of breath.
"Shut it, or I'll die," squeaked the De
troit lady. " . . ,
'Leave it open, or I'll smother to death,
gasped the other.
Ai tfr.., irr wRtpil warm, a wag in
i L-3 I IH - - . . - ,
his head from
... i. -um i ill? vi 1 1 1. ; .
any thing like a
' " T I i " : I
too tni1r4i 4
l Rome. A,t,.:.L r r mv u: A.a, th rhambermaiu S
------ i & til is. -w m -m & m 1 1 i v l i iir-i.iija.ia v v v-
quandary, by ordering to -open that door
WMhink ifhe willcalm-
until thn Dpiroit ladv dies of her
and then close it until the other one
smothers to death."
thf nature of the message, and the manner in
whlLh it was delivered to bim, he thought it his
duty lo advise me to approach Col, Baxter, and
show a willingness to reconcile our difficulty.
I said to Dr. Jones that I did not believe what
Col. Baxter said as to his intention not, to fire
at rhe, and that his object was only to get some
advantage of me in bringing the affair before
the1 public, or he desired to put me iu a situation
where he could insult me with impunity. Dr.
Jpnes insisted that . I should approach Col. Bax
ter, he believing that Col. Baxter's message
xv a a intended as an offer of friendship; and 1
l 1- I
was finally prevailed upon to do so. I advanced
to Col. Baxter and said : Col. Baxter, from
the message you sent me by Dr. Jones, I have
been induced to approach you. I am willing
now that this matter should drop here, and we
should be friends. Col. Baxter said : Mr. Er
win, from what has been passed between us,
I cannot consider you my equal. Said I, stop
l rUrtnr; I should certainly not have
approached yoti, had I not received the
message I did by Dr. Jones ; and I turned
and walked off. I did not care to bandy words
witn a man who would act thus, and I could not
resent the insult then, as my antagonist was
4 'iThesa are the simple facts in the case. I
leave it to an unprejudiced public Ho say how
the public authority sustain, where men even
though that authority is themselves and can al
ways be, wilh a little patience, brought to the
real expression of their will, will yet permit
themselves to attack its very existence, and
turn to upsetting when they have only steadily
and wisely to control it ?
I There can, in short, be no excuse for those
amongst us who volunteer these discussions of
the right of secession and revolution. They
admit of no apology but an irresistible neces
sity. Men do not discuss such things, they on
ly act them. He who talks of them when
there is something else to be done besiJes do
ing them, is a public enemy- What use, what
effect can they now possibly have, in this
State, but to aid the cause of Disunion aud en
courage the intended course of South Carolina ?
Are they meant lor anything eUe. We will
thank the Enquirer to explain. Rich. Whig.
tains could be seen from New York.'"
A FIGHT AND TWO MEN DROWN
ED. The Cumberland Civilian says:
44 On Sunday last, as a cartal boat was
passing through the Four Locks, below
the Tunnel, a fight sprung up on board be
tween a white man named Snyder, at
tached to one of the boats, and George, a
negro, belonging to the estate of Henry
Bevans. deceased. In a short time the
two combatants found themselves in the
lock. Upon rising to the surface they re
newed the struggle in the water, carried
it on so fiercely that in a short time both
sunk to rise no more in life. Their bod
ies were afterwards found in the lock."
Very Ferocious. The ultras of Jasper Co.
Ga., held a meeting on the 23th ult., at which
they resolved that if Soufh Carolina should se.
cede from the Union, they would support her
cause 4 with muskets and daggers unto death.'
As these brave men say nothing about cannon,
we suppose they must be deficient in artillery
practice. The allusion to the daggers evident
ly contemplates very close quarters. We think
we see an army of the Jasper county ehivaliy
marching toward the South Carolina frontier,
and each one exclaiming 4 is this a dagger that
1 see before me.' What a magnificent sight it
would be. X O. Picayune.
Some things hasten into being, others
to decay. Of those in being, a part is al
ready gone. The world is renewed by
flux and change, just as time is by the
infinite successions of eternity. Now,
who would attach importance to matters
hurried down the ever restless stream ?
CANADIAN AND NOVA SCOTIA RAIL
Toronto, August 14. In the Canadian As
sembly last night, the Government resolutions
were adopted, by which siiteen millions of dol
lars are appropriated towards ihe construction
of the great trunk railway through Canada to
Halifax, N. S. The decided action of this pro
vince, and the known favor with which this
long talked of and great national enterprize is
regarded in the lower provinces, leaves little
room to doubt but that il will now be proecu
ted to a successful issue.
Balance, $4,249 24
This must be principally received from
passengers as very little freight could be
At this meeting, the following resolu
tions were adopted :
Resolved, That the President of this com
pany be authorized lo make a contract
for the remaining portion of the iron for
the Rail Road, and that the T ra;l pat
tern of Sllbs to the yard be adopted.
Resohcd, That the permanent work
shops of the Charlotte and South Caroli
na Rail Road Company be established in
the town of Columbia South Carolina.
Rtsolccd, That the Chief Engineer be
authorized and instructed to contract for
the erection of the neccessary work shops,
and procure such machinery as may be
required for the use of the company.
Resolved, That the President be author
ized to enter into a contract with the
Post Office Department upon the terms
proposed by the Post Master General for
the transportation of the mail on the Rail
Road, for a period so long only as the Rail
' Road is in an unfinished state.
I Resolved, That the President be instruct
ed to bring to the notice of the stockhold
ers at their next annual meeting, the pro
priety of taking some action with regard
to delinquent stockholders, and that it be
urged that no dividends be paid to them
who are in arrears after a given day.
Resolved, That the Chief Engineer be
instructed to take all the necessary steps
to procure; as soon as practicable, the
timber required for the bridge to be built
over the Catawba River, and to have the
same framed and ready to be erected as
soon as the superstructure reaches that
i Resolved, That a free ticket on the Char
lotte and South Carolina Rail Road to
Columbia atid back be granted to such
, survivors of the Palmetto Regiment as
may attend the celebration of the anni
versary of the, battle of Churubusco on
the 20th August.
Resolved. That alike privilege be ten--dered
to such volunteers in the late ?M ex
ican War from North Carolina, as may
think proper to attend.
Yarrants for the Arrest of Fugitive
Boston, Aug. 16th.
It is stated that one of the U. S. Mar
shals has a warrant for thearrest of a fu
gitive slave in this vicinity. The affair
creates considerable " excitement among