n the small flhra tfm fzh9e quill more than
100 branches of email le live have been couu
le j) on each fide. I' -
jTie dragon. fly, and ponse specie of butler
flir, have thousands of eves. -- - ;
jTb microtcope rrvnli an entirely new
wbrld Jo our view.. "The vaiieiy ai.c extreme
rmiiute ness ofihe animated objects placed! with,
lit tiho firld ol vision is almost incredible. Sev
ern eminent naturalists have, devoted, a Urge
Yareofihe most paiieni attention ta this de
pfrrtmejnt of natural history, and ihe results of
teir Ihlmrt are astonishing. In, every pond
a d ditch, in the infusion of pepper, straw, grafs
t, hay, and vegetable iri paste and vinegar,
attd in the water founded iii oygten, pn almost
cVery plant and fl.iwer, in rirr, ea, and
rjean, lhee creatures arei found in euch num
liert ind variety ai almost exceed our copcep.
bn and belie." j ' "
I Some arc idi imall that the breadth of a hai.r
' iould cover fifty or a hundred ol tbem, and oih-
fa are to small that many millions rpay be con
gained in the compass ol a square in-b.
i j Many hundreds ol pcrif s have been detect,
f (I and described, all different in form, habits
ind motives. They are ofall shapes and form?;
pome are like minute atoms, some like globes
find phermds, some like h indwells, some like
'wheels turning on an aim some like double
anded monsterfi some like cylirrders, some
lL.. i 1 i i.j i . t ki . : .
uorn, ioii rcsrmoiq ecu, iuu uwico si
long as they are broad." j
'! The microscope detect (wonders like these
The apologists and defenders fbNJh;e grog
shop svitero, are frightened out of their j wits
at 1 heremotest allusion to (law interference in
supirort of Temperance, but are perfect;lyon
leot that the Liquor traffic il should be coun'n
aficed, supported, upheld by the law power of
the Slate ! What is the fact in This matter,?
'he bumss of drunkard making is under top
osiiivp patronage of the aw! They are fos
ered, encouraged by legal enactment, and yet
hef inpil aurl vrplniva mia rrli a n s I nf lh
liberties of the people " can see nothing to ex.
Cite the least alarm lor the perpetuity of our glo
rious and blood bought privilege?. , The-Stryng
arm ol the law may be invoked arid interposed
forWttf, bur i( onre exerted for ghod, the most
dire calamities await us as a nation, is H less
rational, less republican, to say there tba!l he
no grog shop's in a community, jf they are not
degirerlby a majfhy of the Peoplf, than to gay
they shall exist, whether the peopjwish them
or not ? Xccording to the interpretation of our
law upon thitxBuhjeet, it is decided that grog
-.hop cannot We auHhejdoa (Jouniy, if one
daih dealer wishes to inflict thti curse upon
his neighbors and -can only produce the signa
tures of two or three who testify jo his "good
moral character," rhough every citizen of the
county beside is opposed to their establishment !
They may reduce the number, but jnopoweran
abolish thesfr " necessary conveniences. " If
these men were sincere ? in theirl fears for the
disparagement of our liberties by ihe interposi
tion of" law power," would they not -become a-
k ttr.- T 6 .8,,rfnent taw UlJ P" I our citizens to turn their attention lo foreign
ly the Maine Legislature is pulling ihem -over commerce, and foster as far as possible, manu
he road in fine order. The Bangnr Mercury faclure,. From this city, merchant vessels can
learns that one of the keepers of a saloon in i he fined out with comparatively liule expense,
thai n ...... I O . . i J I
wu-poii,ior filing and many branches of manufacture prosecuted
iiwui c mi i'usiihiici!) werp quile wnh urea
numerous, and ai one time he was surrounded by
quite a Heel of natives for the purchase of his
rum. As soon as it was known what was go.
ing on he was closely pursued and overtaken,
his liquors seized and destroyed by due process
of law. and himself ronvicted f selling, fined
820, and in default committed to Ellsworth Jail.
From the Banner.
I WISH I H AD NOT DONE IT.
So said a young lady who, a few evenings
since, induced a young man to lake a glass if
wine at a social parly. Arid well mighT she
wish it, for he was once in ihe broad road to a
drunkard's hell, and but a short time previous
resolved to turn away front his evil courses.
nut. alas! she whom he tenderly loved, urged
We are favorably located for a foreign trade.
Ships arrive and depart from our wharves,
bringing the productions of every clime. In
land, we are the gieat commercial centre from
which miners draw their supplies. With such
a location with an industiious and enterpris
ing population we have nothing lo fearj We
shall prosper as lon as our citizens retain the
enterprise which I hey possess. Sacramento
Times and Transcript.
THE CUBAN INVASION, dec
Yesterday afternoon we received our New
Orl eans exchanges containing full details of the
news brought by the Empire City relative to
Cuban affairs, but perceive but little intelli.
hand, and iutlica'.ire of anything but fear pre
.' . m;n.ia f ihi writers even un-
dominating m - - j
derthe awlul circumstances under which they,
uere placed. A communication received in j
this cf'y by yesterday's mjiil. mentions the fact
ihat ibe gallant Crittknden when ordered to
turn his bark to bis executioners and kneel, in- ,
dignantly replied that WT was an American cit-
izen and knelt only to his God and never turn- j
ed his face from bis foes a response as hero-
ic as any nanaeu uowu m -
The Ediior of the Crescent states that
had before him two letters, from the slang
. krrD one a roov. the other an rgi
though in a
are verbatim a?
of one line, which the Crescent suppresses, sta
linf it to be of a pecculiar and private nature :
THE CAROLINA f
--ii a i
TnCRSDAY EYEA1g, SEnr , j
It is at JI times profitable r.
pie of this'-free ami enlightens
to advert to the differences r
ltt' nc coniditon. in respect to the
i.inaL RS 11 re,a,es lo rH.g.on and
copy, ine tun-, i- ru'ie,
ol which is firm and regular that of citizens of other countri.." l
few minutes be was to meet his other way, perhups, can they k ll
. We subjoin the letter-, tvhirb rprtnze their highly favorer!
as received, wi.h the exception of . P . . C!rcv
liberty. We are like a mn ; . K
Mv Dear Felicia. Adieu, my dear wife possessing an abundance c ,i-
m ii u . . ... , .
him.ad though death was in the bowl, he j antlttn to what ve published yester-
drank. Afterwards, when she saw him intoxi. y' le"er ,n lhe P"-yif bt
cated, her soul was filled with anguish, and she "nor Cj"!,a' a, fchant ol New Orleans, a
wished it were undone. Thus, for the want of , bJ,an'ard .orable to his Government, had pro-
1 ii 1. enn.MpNi;nn K- nbm. cured permission to take with him from Hava
rr i .i i . it,ni n'ill rorpirp from 1 r.nrit . iltt- t'lr.1 r.: i
inis is ine nisi iriin i un ju " - twvj.-, mm ivmiu ii icnus on
vour Victor. In one Hour 1 sna.i oe no eet ujj wjh
" uj CI it '
In one hour I shall be no more
F.mbrace mv Iriends lor me
ii j- .. ... ..A l...,iV.an Atrnirt. ' tlOn
1I y adieu lO llljr isicio anu uiuuiEigi "o '
In the rocks of which Ijie trust pi the earth i larmed on account of its exercise in behalf of
composed, air. LonsdaI lis dicovered gbells Kne iqor raffic 1
lit chalk unutterably numetous.
. In a cubic of tripoli-iorkl of only one tenth of
n IncivvOOO.OOQ.OOO of these microscopic
'shellsfare contained ! Eak h is an exqusitely
foimed dwelling, comprisinjg severapcells, and
lh general appearance resembling the Nauti
lus. i A variety of r'ck has he n found, which con
tains these fossil shells in inconceivable num
bers, on leing sepnrnted from the mass, they
may be silted through a sheet of paper which
Las been pierced with a very fim cambric nee.
?le. These shells have been the houses ofliv.
Ing creatures that have filled all the functions of
Jheir being, have spotted their brief day, and
passed away. -
'i What reason have we to say " How man
Ifold are thy works, O Lord ! In wisdom hast
thou made them all. O the depth of the riches
jboib of the wi dom and the knowledge of God
marvellous things doth He which we cannot
bosom, and destroyed the rising hopes of the
young man's friends.
? comprehend !"
NEGROES IN INDIANA.
The enormous majority in favor of ex
cluding free blacks from further immigra
V tion into Indiana commands universal at
I lenlton. The blacks themselves have
i held a State Convention, to see what they
' hall do. As Indiana ijas done the very
thing that South Carolina has been com
?: plained of for doing, -hat is, excluding
Iree blacks it is but ftjir. if a case is to be
made for the Federal' Courts to try, to
mike it now against a Free State, and,
until it is made, to let Bouth Carolina a
The "Lafayette Jourpal," a paper which
has been hitherto tinctured with Aboli
tionism, but in vvhrch, oil' late, we are pleas
ed to see, are larger views and better
reasoning. says :
"The free colored population of the TJ.
States amounts to abou half a million, and
the major portion of this number are en
gaged in menial occupations in our large
f cities. As a general thing, they appear to
t be contented with tbeijr lot, but the action
of several of the States, In passing prohib
, itory laws to tbirfuttner emigrafion, like
! Indiana, is arousing them to a proper ap-
, i' preciation of their destiny. DCJHVe pre
! j diet that this is only a commencement of
"- s thej war against the blacks.- The next
Mfpinthc work will betb expatriate them
! from the Free States by compulsory
; t means.rrj We believe, if a vote in the
' . ' : State of Indiana to expef every negro
from its borders were taken to day, it
i WQuld be carried 4n the affirmative two
; to one. To this rule of expatriation-the
Mack race is inevitably tending. We are
f more and more convinced of this very
day.' We voted against the negro clause
t- 1 of the new Constitution, but on looking
'I vpf the vote in the several counties, we
i ! find ourselves in a minority of over ten to
I . one. Xc votrd agajnst that clause be-
tl j cause it made no provision to colonize the
blacks Irom the country."
The editor makes a) prediction the force
1 of which we feel. We may add ours, too.
nere: and that is, if (he Abolitionists do
not in New York cese their incendiary
efforts, vh question iill be made in this
Sjato w ithin ten yejars, and not another
jljlack man wiljbe permitted to come in
to, it, even if such as xrc here are permit
ted to stay. I
. Abolitionism, undejr cover, only means
political antl social equality, and that' is
amalgamation ; and Must in proportion as
that thing is threatenied, the whites will
rie and pxpel the daVer from the soil
we'live on. The bet friend, nay. the on
ly friend of the Africjan race, is he who
teaches him to makef the best of his con
diiion, in quiet and submission ; and he is
hi curse, his deadly jenemy, who brings
him, in this country, anv, way into conflict
With the white man.-jAT. Y.' Express.
We do not desire any special enactment of
iour Legislature or ahyojher law making pow.
er in behalf of Temperance indeed, we would
not have it to be given but we do ask for the
withdrawal of legislative sanction and enact,
ments in hchatt of ihe enemies of temperance.
We want the liquor traffic to stand oh its own
merit, stripped of the respectability attached to
it on account of its being a State Institution
for every.gr'og shop keeper in North Carolina is
now as emphatically an officer of the State, as
are the Governor- and Supreme Court JudesT1
If the liquor traffic is so useful and necessary
an appendage to good society, le: it ijve, as do
all other professions, upon its 0vn worth and
intrinsic excellence. S;ip it of fhe legal right
and power with wluch it is invested, and leave
it free to be assailed without being entrenched
behind iheTlaw. If a physician administers ar
senic to a patient, knowing it will produce death
he would bo tried and punished as a murderer !
If a gun smith sells a weapon charged with a
deadly load, without apprising bis customer of
its contents, and he slay himself or his neigh
bor with it, the smith would be held responsi
ble for the deed, and be punished accordingly.
If an editor or author give publicity to state
mentsthat will Injure the fair fame and charac
ter of a fellow citizen, fie will receive condign
and summary punishment. So would we
have the liquor dealer amendable for his works.
He is dally and hourly administering a deadly
poison to his victims. who are falling by bun
dreds into a drunkard's grave ; but he is en
sconsed behind the lawj and shakes his license
to do his work of death in an outj-aged commu
nity in utter defiance, prom his loaded bottles,
charged with 4i liquid dtimnalioin' he sends his
customers into a dishonored and untimely grave,
and defies the suffering survivors to help them
selves, because he is empowered, authorized,
chartered to do this vey thing, j He is squan
dering the property and blasting the reputation
and prospects of husbands,, fathers and sons,
and degrading and impoverishing the wives and
daughters of our country, but, forsooth, heris the
officer of the State, entrusted with this work,
and to whom can you apply for relief?
And is there no relief A re : we doomed to
suffer this blighting, damning curse perpetually?
Is outraged humanity, Christian purity and lofty
State pride, forever to suffer the Humiliation and
dishonor of this foul scourge ? In God's name,
jwe trust not aye we believe not. Public sen
timent is becoming awake upon this sulject
the muttering voice of popular remonstrance
and indignation is beginning to be heard from
Buncombe to Currituck, and its rumbling will
not cease until in onelsweeping storm it will
overwhelm this odious: system, and blot from
our statute book the dark page that authorizes
and sustains it. The! people, the 'whole peo
ple are interested in this work, and we are glad
to see that it is awakening ihe iattention ofall
classes, parties and creeds. Let the matter be
kept in constant agitation. Let Judges and Ju
rors, Solicitors and Counsel, Cjergy and Laity
awake to their responsibility upon this all im
portant subject, and th day will yet dawn upon
the old North Sia'e, when lhe united voice of
her citizens shall demand the expurgation ofthis
deep stain from her escjncheon. Separation of
the law power from the liquor traffic ! Cet this
be the watch word, and let every friend of ho
manity take up the sound and rest not satisfied,
until a divorce is obtained.
Spirit of the Age.
We notice an invention by Mr. Solomons, of
Cincinnati, of what he calls a perfect substi.
lute for steam. From common whiting, "sub
phuiic acid, and wiiterjlie obtains caibon in
Ihe gaseous state andjwiih the power exerted
by this gas, he asseitsjthat he, now drives a
25. hone engine, and for one fourth the expense
H steam, lifts and lets fill 12J000 pounds five
timet in a minute. Ijbis fluid, without- any
heat applied at all. everts a pressure of 516
pounds to the square inch, while water in the
fame unhealed slate has no-pressure but that
of grovilyr Water heated to ihe boiling point
yields a power of fifteen pounds,. This fluid.
BARNU.M'S POSITION DEFINED.
In his recent Temperance speech before the
members of the Legislature, and others, at
Hartford, Mr. Barnum said that he cared not
what a man's political or religious opinions
might be, so that he was a temperance man.
Let him be that,' said he and I ran cheer,
fully give him my hand, and meet him on this
platform as a brother. ' For my own part,' he
continued, M am a Loco Foe oj a regular out
and outer, and so strong are njy political pre
ferences, that it isquite possible I should vote
for the Devil, in preference to a Whig, if it
could be proved that 'Old Hofny' was a De
mocrat ; but when the question comes which
to elect to office,, a. -drunken Democrat or a so
ber Whig.-1 should prefer the Whig, and should
adopt this course on lhe plain ground that a
drunken official, although a Democrat, is worse
than the Devil !'
This political position appeared to be receiv.
ed with satisfaction by both parties. Bridge
port Farmer ;
CALIFORNIA HER POSITION.
California at lhe present time, occupies a
somewhat anomalous position. Although lhe
mining portion of our population, are doing bet
ter than laborers in any other part of the world,
trade languishes, and there are lhouands who
are hardly making a living in our commercial
towns and elsewhere throughout the State
portion of those engaged in trade can scarcely
clear expenses. To supply a popj'.a,-,6n of one
hundred, or one hundred Mid fifty thousand
miners, we have a popuhuon of half as many
merchants. In evelV pfion of the Slate these
men are to be Founa&om the dealer in his
milliop.s t; the man whose,stock in trade scarce.
l reaches the sum of ten dollars. Califor
nia very truly may be saidj to be a community
of traders, and the great misfortune is that they
all expect to become rich by trading, with this
undue proportion of actual producers.
It might reasonably be Supposed that where
there was a merchant for every one. two or
three inhabitants, that all could not succeed.
The amount of gold, however large, acquired
by each miner, would not 'suffice to sustain this
vast number of shop keepers.
The population of California at the present
lime, is variously estimated from two hundred
and fifty to three hundred thousand. Support!
it to equal the highest figure, we do not think
there are any who can estimate the actual min
ers at over one hundred and fifty thousand. If
we take into consideration ihe persons congre
gated in our cities and large towns, i: will be
seen that the n imber is very large ; but add in
thisthe merchants and dealers at every bar, and
who are scattered along the public high ways
in every part of the State, and their name is e
It isVftue, all are- not merchants who are now
engaged in mining. Some are following me.
chanical pursuits while others are engaged in
agriculture ; but they have in this way. as yet
hardly added lothe wealth of the coun'ry. They
areTrather preparing to do something in the fu
ture, which will be productive. The mechan
ics are partially, exceptions to this rule, but to
no great extent. It we set aside for agricultu
ral and mechanical pursuits, together wiih
those who are following no regular accupation,
one fourth of our population, there will remain
another fourth who are simply traders.
. If ine estimate which we give above is not
strictly correct, it will at least answer our pur.
pose to-day. Who cannot see that where one
fourth of a population is engaged in trade, eith
er directly or indirectly, that their profits must
necesSSr'lY be small ? W here a merchant has
but three customers, Iney must indeed be doing
a lucrative business if they become rich, and
at the same time enable the trader to am;ts a
fortune in one or two years.
That loo large a number of persons are en
gaged in trade in California, lo admit of their
becoming suddenly rich, we think there can be
no dispute, and if there be discouraging reports
from this portion of our population, it shouldex
cite no surprise.
For a time after the rush to California, the
rapid advance in real estate formed a medium
by which rnen measured their wealth, and if
absolutely .without other semblance of property,
is now gone. Lots and Lands which (iw
months since were the representatives of thou
sands, are too often only an incubus upon the
ow ier, and not worth the taxes imposed. Ii is
thus ihat what was at first deemed an ample
forlune, now seems but a shadow. Is it strange,
under.such circumstances, that men should be
gin to loojt around them to learn where they
really stand ? Is it singular, that men who have
supposed themselves Worth their thousands,
when the delusion no longer exists, should ex
press uneasiness and dissatisfaction 1
The truth is, the miners are very generally
doing well, but the merchants as a body are
not. The first class aromaking good wages,
and are surely accumulating a competence, but
the latter class is aliogether too large for the
country, and must very sensibly decrease before
the profits will be sufficient to meet their expec
Urn ii such diminution shall take place, the
few who possess an ahundancp ( rniu
na to that city the bodies of the unfortunate
Crittenden and Kerr, and that he bad them em
balmed wiih the intention 4 so doing. We
append, below, an account of the riots that oc.
curred on Thursday in that city, which we ex
tract from lhe Crescent :
" New Orleans on Thursday was alive with
excitement and commotion. The streets were
thronged with people, and angry and violent
crowds paraded through the cily, breaking inio
he segar and liquor shops kept by Spaniards,
gutting them of their contents, and destroying
every thing they could lay hands upon. If our
levees had given way, and the current of the
Mississippi permittedto rush ihrough our streets,
the turmoil, confusion, and agitation could not
have been less. We will briefly detail the in
cidents as theyoccut red.
The melancholy news of the fate of Critten-
a last adieu. I die like a soldier.
Your husband, VICTOR KERR.
Aug. 18, 1851 sixth hour in the day.
My Dear Friends I leave you forever I
fro tn iK nihpr wurld. but wiih honor. I am
. Such an one may easily m;
miserable, however.and n r. -. ;5'
; the blessings-by which he i8 8Qrrm,. V:
mere is a good cure lor such
be found in visiting the sic
titute. And so, if there, be
early in lhe morning, a deep shade of gloom
over the community. The several hundred fili
busters now in the city immediately put on
crape. Up to 11 A. M., no sign of disoider
was manifested. About that lime an " Extra"
of a very offensive and improper character was
issued by La Union office the office, of the
Spanish organ in this cily. Ii was an irrila
ting outrage upon the feelings of the friends and
relatives, numerous in this city, of the gallant
dead, and n was at once generally known that
prisoner in Havana, and in an hour I wjll have , muie. ahu ,o, n mere, be any io. i
ceased to exist. My old friends, think olten of country who are unhappy ; NVuo rr
me. I die worthy the name I bear worthy of ferjng fcrfder fancied govern...
pression, they may find relief no:
misery of others, but by a comparQ
circumstances in being brought
knowledge of the fact that they laTt
ally, no cause for discontent. ToT
we commend the following. Ln:
read and reflect. jf
HORRID CRUELTIES ATROMf;
The N. York Tribune conuinsa !(,r,, fe
tation from ihe French of Emile CiiaI(f "V:
tor of La f reuse. a Fans. The 'IVi.... I
a Creole, of a Louisianan and as 'a l&Jl'
friends, adieu, tor tne last time.
Your devoted frieijd,
August 16. 1851 6J o'clock.
Messrs. N. Larose, II. Bouligny, Leon Fa
zende, W. G. Vincent, F. Arroza.
The spirit of lhe higher law" (says the N.
York Express) is so dangerously illustrated in
the conduct of the New Orleans mob that we
especially commVnd its teachings to the belie.
ers in ihis creed at the North. 1 he conscience
J Tr IJ J JL- ------ . IU III MJll J k.mc, ai I 111 17. Ill"
den Kerr, Urandt, and their companions, cast, cf this mob taught them there is a higher law jls horrid deIaiU ar? couf(m (
than Federal treaties. Federal laws, and even
the laws of nations ; and hence we see a For
eign Consul, whose diplomatic position even
savage nations respect, and who is living in
New Orleans under the most solemn protection
of the law of nations, driven to an American
prison to protect himself from a. New Orleans
mob. These are fearful and disgraceful doings;
and bitterly will all repent who are engaged
A Consulship is in some dei'ree a sacred of.
I WT ... . .. I
tne union office would be attacked and gutted. fiCe. The law of nations gives him privileges frilU. lhp rmnflUinaMli
bout thin lim- K,,a.,irH- ell fl.r.k f.,0,i j ...... i.l . .' I Jrtml ,ne complainants
.. .. , .....v . in.,..u ano. exemptions ueonu most givrn ine citizens
the spreading flame of excitement by public re- or subjects of lhe Government in which he re
marks, some :Ot a most brulal and all of a most sids. Barbarians alwavs respect the place,
offensive character. The Spanish Consul also I, js ony among savages' that Consuls are not
hoisted his flag. They had presumed too much permitted to slay in quiet and safely during a
upon the perfect impunity of the past. pace. Even in times of war civilized nations
We timkc the Li:0 .
ces from Rome.
ttacis : 1 f
Justice is administered at Rome wrj,fu'
doors, and after a simple me i hod. Tbir
ed is permitted to choose his dfUhjfr
the defender is not to the taste ,,i jie ' i
the prisoner must choose another, or acr "
one whom the President of the Trihuni i'"
please to designate. Then the ground, lij
plaint are communicated to the drfendr.,,
neilher he nor the accused i a r
1 . s
or their iiDf, tr
are never made known to lhe drfrnce. '
With this obscure meihod of aJ:n;n;.;. ! j
About 4 P, M., a crowd entered the office of
La Union, and in a few minutes it was a total
wreck. The editor narrowly escaped wiih his
life through the intercession of Mayor Cross j
Thence the crowd proceeded to the corner !
of Ciravier and Si. Charles, where a very odi j
ous Spaniard. Romagosa, tended the Corrina !
cigar shop. Some demonstrations were made,
hut the doors were closed, when, after the expi- i
ration of an hour, Romagosa appeared at one !
of the doors with a drawn knife in his hand, I
and expressed a desire to sheathe it in four or j
five yankees. A rush was made, when Roma- !
gosa made his escape into the store, closing lhe
door after him, first wounding three persons, i
one severely. The ruins of the Si. Charles!
furnished the materials with which ihe doors j
were speedily haltered in, every window, bro
ken, the shop gutted, and a costly stock ol ci j
gars scattered in the streets. Romagosa made j
his escape by a hack door, ran up street under !
a ehnuur ..I rr I k; r. . -.i i
v " mirsurj, ma iat e to i e;t mi ng wmji
blood, and himself hotly pursued. He succeed
ed in sheltering himself in the city prison.
The crowd proceeded to the office of the
Spanish Corisul, who was not at home to see
company. They gutted his office and tore
down his sign.
Th ence the torrent of people poured down
r-.yaras, to attack the U. S. Exchange. A
admit and keep enemies' Consols among ihem.
in order to have representatives to mitigate ihe
horrors of war.
The " higher law." however, not only man
ifesls its spirit against lhe sacred office of Con
snl. but against lhe libeilv of the pie!.s.
" The spiiit of freedom" in New Orleans not
only broke through the Federal law in pending
off a war armed learner without a custom
hoiise clearance, but it now demolishes a press
at home, whose editorials it does not hitpen lo
like ; and lhe animosity ol ihe " spiril" is car
ried so far thai even attacks poor Spanish ci
gar men and women, exiles from their country.
Oh. liherty, what crimes are committed in thy
name ! Express.
j w?i ii r, ii I- courin iloi nu Hue tan ejs ' ST
his innocence, and ihat, on ihe cmru-i j
ired, revenge, and anonymous clur-.,'
their power over every man who In, -J!'
Still, in spite of the power oi tohdeinv Jcf
pleasure every person with whom ihej iifc"
pleased, these etty intj nitor are i'-M' r
brave the force of public opinion, Tics !
deis at human sacrifices; hence ife-i li-'
sentence to capital punishment. 11 Jl"
lhe prisoners escape the aie ot ihe r ire t
...t . i. J..r. . . l ii - r
anu me duiu ua ic in ine puuiic 0'iarvi
the moral and
ph) sii ai lu'
THE PERILS OF DISUNION
The Washington Republic glances at
the condition of affairs in South Carolina,
and remarks -In view of ibis state of
things, the pending elections in Georgia
and Mississippi assume a significance and
importance that can hardly be exaggera-
ted. If Mr. Cobb and Mr. Foote should
j be defeated if the Secession and Disun
ion candidates should triumph in those
Slates, it will be quife impossible for any
party to interpose effective resistance to
the march ot the immediate Secessionists his feet, after he ha been tied to a jut e'
happy remark from the bar keeper and a speech
from District Attorney Reynolds, diverted ihem
from their purpose, and after taking "a drink all I m South Carolina
round." free, they concentrated upon the Jenny Administration at the North stand up firm- ,
Li nd Coffee Honse, corner of St. Charles and !' and in good faith to the policy of the
Perdido. It wa irulted in a few minnip nnH ! Administ tm t irn it ikai c ....... r
- - - - . - . u . . . ....... iitii uinnil L ui l II r"
I Compromise is yielded by the Northern
prisons and. dungeons, uhere the !.ai"'
ihorily, under the pretext ol heannj b..- tt '
the case, has a right of deiaunri" ttert J -
indefinite period, and of dooming ihem i ,
A.... i... ,i .11 .v. ..... , . . . .!-
i if j ui"ji, un i lie a m in ir u J a JUIIi.t ?i
All these ails ol barbarily are un ...n.-J
j lhe fanatics a) . for the gl'rv ol (iio ui j
i good of lhe Church.
The priMiners at Rome hnve a cnv
' parlment. where lhe " viie mni' ilnilf o: .
! ers," as lhe honorable M. I'hi-r "nt'
are confined ihat is. ail w h have r,o w
lo pay lor admi-ion into . i i; e r ih.ins. n t!'.
i ea h prisoner is allowed a pallet or pr I
; tresf, in place of lhe milfn straw ! '
j threwn to ihern in the Sc;r(tta yiana.
is the name of the common apaiinirD1-fe'J
hideous den of infection, of .rnerj. of fa
j lion where men are pUed -U gfther. i
: midsl of uncleanne-s, like fniil an:mu f t
if an unfortunate date. lo expre ki !
loo strongly, a heavy iron v eight i '" t.'
the streets strewn with the wreck.
About this time (8 P. M.)au immense crowd
had gathered in Lafayette Square. It was ad
dressed by Judge Walker and Col. Fieid of the
Louisiana Regiment. Col. Christie was call
ed for, but did not speak. Judge Walker very
sensibly advised the crowd to bottle their wrath
for use in Cuba; the article would ver) well
bear exportation. Strong resolutions, denunci
atory of the Spanish authorises, were passed in
a hurrah. Concha, Captain General of Cuba,
was then hung in effigy, and burnt amid the
shouts of the crowd.
A cry was raised for "White Hall." a coffee
; house opposite the St. Louis Hotel, and about a
I thousand persons poured down ihat direction.
On their way a number of Spanish shops in
Exchange Alley were broken into and gulled,
j At this moment we cannot say positively, but
j suppose, White Hall, a large and cosily estab
; lishment. Was clearly gutted.
I Throughout the day and night the Spanish
r--rv..i.. ..... a in ,ur- utiijoM irepiuaHon. l neir
been beaten wiih a club on hi hark.
This last punishment, called the nr
which is no less humiliating than as-1
formerly inflicted for certain uff-we. '
most public manner, both on uteti a -id
in a state of entire nudity.
If they no longer dare lo make a r' -'
hibiiion f this revolting ptini?hni-M.
alleviate the fate of the laiier irnn to
this punishment nr lo out lhe leel if '
both of which inflictions weie supp
id. I'lla c .... 1. 1 I rs n ( I . . tt rl . til P f 1 ! (!
Ittl r j 1 1 J P I I ail -.' iiiuui"--
the same time wiih lhe death penarv
with lh me heal, w
nearly 12 000 pounds.
ouid yield & power of
And what is more, a
handful of ehaicoal and a t)oiler the size of a
tea. kettle,: will prodocf, at an expense of a few
rro. the whole of ihi tremendous energy.
pifiy dollars eipence iri carbon' 'would carry one
of the Coliioi ktcamr rp fruro New York to Liv.
erpoul. . ! .
Of all the posts occupied by human kind, none
is so indescribably mean as that of a salesman
at a whisJiey stall ; and a more certain wav to
moral ruin count not lie devised. In view of
these facts, we are torry to see some young
men, by nature designed for usefulness, wield-
ing lhe loddy stick, and serving out lhe tempt
ing poison. We would rather be a drunkard
than a drunkard maker; and we would rather
be caught helping sheep over? a fence, than
heljMtig a poor fellow o a glass of ihat which
we know has a tendency to destroy bolh his
body a soul. A liquor. miier !; Ohj who can
describe the meanness of a Liquor Mixer?
Family Monitor. . '
RUM SELLERS IN MAINE.
The down east rumsellers are evidently in a
necessarily be lhe successful, while the manv shops were generally closed. The excited
will barely obtain a subsisience. r mass of 4 gutters" seem to have entire control
Upon the first discovery of the minesrpersons f 'he whole city. No watchmen or military
rushed to California from every portion of the were visible, and the authorities were power
Union in large numbers. No regard was had l8 or wuld not act. The ciiy was given up
to a fitness for labor. Thousands came here ' a mass of frenzied iien, ever)- mttrnent grow
who had never handled a pick or shovel, anil ''ig more excited, and we know nol w hat record
never should have thought of turning their at- we may have to add to this. The streets at-a
tenlion to such pursuits. They were wholly la,e h""-" were thronged wiih men, shouting
States which is demanded bv the friends
of the Union from the South if the Ab-
! olitirilK H rn rno.l I.. .I..l7.l 1 .1.
, . . - i est governors of Rome make arnp.e us1"
. nounced as thetr brother D.sun.onists by lhem?elves by daily inflicting it
' wise and patriotic men in all quarters nrUoner, ',.thin,r better h-s heen
;V.Trorirt nnu m ississi ppi may be saved
to the good cause, and "the integrity of
I the Union may be maintained inviolate."
; But if diflerent counsels prevail if the
: Northern States fail to sustain the Com-
promise policy of fhe Administration if
j Abolition and Disunion gain the ascend
; ant, and combine the faltering, the timid.
ana tne nosftle in opposition to the Presi
dent and the able men by whom he is sur
roundedwe may then reasonably ex
pect that Secession and Disunion will run
not in the opposite section of the country,
and the Constitut ion and the Union perisn
a sacrifice to contemptible and infa
- r .
ie Aew Y ork C
ol the restoration of confidence among
monied men, says that it js attributed in
some measure to the continuous receipts
of gold from California. Thus. th. Pbr.
-.1 L . . ....
unfilled bv occupation for the severe labors hurrying to and from, and proiectin-' we know' c e ,,rouS nl on treigbt. and in the hands
ot what. Among them there were not ,0 I w' .'"cngers. anout 31.
which awaited ihem. Und
800.000. The pas-
stances, was it strange, after a few weeks or
Tar a we and officers of the highest rank amnno ! ngers 01 tne Brother Jontb an. 4 0() in
m J-ill I k J erw.tl nt .... A C.L.. J C .11 iM P i I I I I I .-1 . . . . . I , J I
?iriji a. i uiic hi me naroesi oi an pur- o"uii" -ouiu sue, any ot tnese emi-
suits, that they should turn iheir atieniion to grants." At d iflv re nj points. Recorder Genois
something which would require less labor ? Was Col Christie and Attorney Reynods, were the on'
it singular where merchandise sold forextraor-
dinary prices, that men should look to it lor fu.
ture occupation? We think not.
It is thus that we have seen the mercantile
portion of the community multiply, until it is
now the worst business a man can follow.
I t ji a r t . A -k r A . . . . . . L .
.j r,-.Mis.wHi. soogni to arresl the progress of j
scenes, which for the credit of our city. nt.
withstanding ihe strong and hitler provocation !
to ihem, we cannot but deeply regret." j
It'aj.pears that much of the indignation fell I
rowartts tne Spanish Consul arose fr
With.,.,: fiamtal ...ffi,ipni n tba o?t,.,o. .l. . . . . r ' .r" urose ,r"nnre tact
- laai oe naa nesitated to deliver un letter. Trm
of a fluctuating market nothing can be made. ,he ontortunaie m a ,r m
II is for rnn. ..ampH ihat vvw fi.wl u: . . " ' Ine,r Iriends
merous merchants discouraged and preparing
to leave lhe couniry, while miners are very
generally doing well. Sacramento cily is. per
haps, as favorably situated in regard to trade as
any place in California. The mercantile n ier
est here prospers, but no one can tell what a
day or a month may bring forth.
In view of lhe condition of trade in other por
H a l.s
, , : 7 "eems 10 naveemana
led from puct.hou-. scruples on his part, as to
whether be ought not to have forwarded them
lo the State Department at Washington as j.
the course usually adopted wiih the effects &e
of persons djiog abroad. But on a siron'., re"
presentation he had then deposited in .he ps,
Office whence several of ,hem have already
reached llir ot,t. -, . a"rau.i
.... .r. oiirn na
tionsi of the State, would- probably bo well for j beard of are reprciented to be indited in a fi
uu.oer, orougnt ahout S250.000. In ad
dttton, the VV.nfield Scon, from New Or
leans brought 8110,000. -The Marion.
Irorn Charleston, and the Brazilero. from
V era Cruz, brought 74.000. The Cana
da, at Boston on Tuesday, brought about
81.000.000 from Liverpool. These items
make a total of 62.500.000 in four day,
while the exports within the same time
amounted to less than 500.000. The
balance, it will be seen, is decidedly in
our favor, and to the extent of sonietbin
like 2.000,000. Surely,, be prospect can"
not but be regarded as favorable under
Only before this republican ;
weight of iron placed upon ihe feet it r rr
er was but 61$ lbs., whiie now a is iWh.
filtiirirr nan niro Q mc! irl-'S (i fib
spectacle, which exhibits n.i u-e
humanity, when reduced to dc-par. t-s
degraded, debased by ihe uli?t !
treairnent. and in the mid-t ol ihis r
er caveljf tnephilic and .-utf .-ca'i-'ff 11
fiorn ihis apartment we proceed ' "
find two prisoners in each ol them.
These cells are two metre.- ' f
in length, (alniut 6 feet.) "J n. 5J
and 2m. 60c. in height. Sol m
cubit melres of air can pneira'f
Now, it is well known by cieii' P
riitur- nriolro .( iii n ro rpfl'lltK- "
ration of a single person, an i ' u''
are buried aiue in each i I tr,r"f
where they lie depi ive.l of air a" c L
and lhe rno-t deio'ah.- r'
have their ( 'l so
t ... V
C e - ' ' .
irons that ihe worm? h tve a
Wuiinilw fit ihpir lixii)r' cor!e.
a gove rnmeni-44f pne-i- t-.ir-
men whom ihev c: r e in
the hand of the pucm i-r.er.
t to the rooms ap;f"p,M'f ,J
ers at l;irfc. ihat i-. to th " "r'lS
tip :il night, and w ho riurinS
. . I . . ikj r.ll!
untied to go out inso m.-
constructed for len pi in inr.-'. -
y- " i
It is evident how much mu j
I i fl J -
ring ihe parching hcais oi a 14 J
' L . .. ,0 lt.l-- '
ti V these untoilunates )n I ,
Wi iTm PreVry of Concord,
. ' "L3 n?Xt w,n-"nual meenng in ibe Church
of PhilaJelphia. Mecklenburg county, N. C, on Fri
day. October 3d, 1851. at H o'clock. A. M.
R H. LAFFERTY, Stated Clerk.
a room vvhirh is b ' 1 1
onH olr o.t. t lt.nl whlh ft'-"'
rrroond ! ihe onlv Te(it',ni'11
lULIIirU III IHIS " r
. . h nr i -u ii e r
Hlllliuvr, lirir i. ... ,i2
moments, as they moun.
dcrs of a comrade ?