1 .L nJr year. Two Dollars payable in
,h,cr ':j!u, ,nui paid in advance, Two Dollars
'J iiiB.Tiei.WlS I for the first, and 23 cu.
u i'ir fhTii jiuuseutieni iriseriion. touriorucra
r ,,i.iinvi -! . . . . . ... .
P i -Vi-r i-fni- "itflr tlJ Uirw rates. A lio-
iJ"r .Juftf'' iufthMHvwho uverrisr by the year.
' ilif Killer must be post paid.
-irs 111 . f -
Ijiv JOSEPH X. ARE.
ajvl.,rrel t bederived from the genera
r -tiuiiuM'T I,'a1,k Knad )lern deservei
. i Thai on ft
. .i . . '.. . .
4iJe ill'il,,i Vie FPr'i'm i three
than ll'p Pl'K uoadf equal length,
....Jl i' fir in tr idem wilh nniar
.1 . ..l.l.lir. tniml VVrt Will Hniimurata
f il...ll. I '
tf-n Clail Road possesses immense ad-
, over rajlroiils Iroin ihe fact, that the
!',nire lo ,he eI,enl5'1 ',s working
' .rv vhi:I'ihe Plank only limi-
fciCM'V i .-T. r.L "... .
t . .. ..trai.iiiM u i ujrr-nuwrr ui in wnu 0
j Miners' '"r . '
railroad there Isjfa&ide from
1 ... olmivri' MKiuily A 1 n.T.r..
1 . 1
ji Plank Road
1 r . ' jl. . .
j railrdail ione hundred miles, before it
returns l"; dividend, ii nearly equal to
of cln-inictiii one hundred and fifty
of P.aitk IvLacL
4 h. TbiH ' vallahilnyol the Plank Road,
j limn .m I j)liu-,is a fuli counter hal
t to ' v,'!"c ,ran!l'1 on a railroad,
'in Tli;t,a i1" ,'lu' niis ,he advantage
..rib fi'f":i'J !" t,co,,0y jrans'porlaljon.
6h. f!,i" 'VU cnarilc,t,r '3 uch, lhat
. ,,i ruijn'r may be reached immediately.
t ih c-ntruei ii of dividend paying Plank
liaJoM 'I ' un(Jerlhe railroad ays-
'-h ,ud tn"i'f imponant man any ol the
A frill")' 1 ' - "''i titi ten iiiui-9
1 p4nli K raV u c,,'rui:ted lor the cost
ha-m! of r.vijro;(J. NVw, what would he
r. i . f n I i twin I r 1 ii jt 1 1 iti i,l l.Ma...n
1 I I
ajiicate lo toe immediate
T A jut regard for ecouo.
dictate a preference for the
n,kRad- L M. f) I'Uitsoi'lhe westaud south-
irr a! prf.'t'jit sfcluueu, and as to money
ciiitain ueii!iiories of im.
ttc .liape of minerals and for-
Jir uhiiot worihleos. The
Editor 4 Proprietor,
Keep a check urox all tour
Do this, and Liberty is safe."
V0LUM6 VIII-N'UMBER 25.
SALISBURY, N. C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1851.
...ii I el in
. K i,i)t' Man
Engineering, per mile 60 00
Fastenings, pr. mile, 2,000 lbs 160 00
Total cost per mile, say 82.300.00
If the road fs built on the plan of the writer,
nearly all the lumber used for sleepers may be
saved, making a difference of about 200, and
less, labor in laying, $100 The cost of con
st ructionon the various Plank Roads of the
Uuion has averaged 82500. The average cost
of Macadamized Roads, taking twenty roads
promiscuously, has been 4,800. and requiring
repairs to the arnaunt 6f 20 to 35 per cent, an
nually alter the first year.
A grea apprehension exists with some that
the cost ol Plank Roads-will be higher than
statements commonly indicate.
For our own part we attach but little impor.
lance to the question of cost, provided cheap
ness has to be obtained-by the sacrifice of any
one of the important points that constitute utility,
economy and profit, in Plank Road making.
On the question of utility, we are of the opinion
that that road is the ra useful that is the best
constructed, and permits of the easiest transit
of freight in the largest jwasibla quantities.
To ensure these requisites we have in allife.
ses to begin right.4 And in order to have them
forcibly-brought to our minds, we will treat
them under their appropriate heads, commen-
tin" wim engineering.
T i. .. I I . .
,;iin)ii ol wralih h, however, but a
r I.' .... 1 1 .. .i :n i .
iIO'1 1,1 ,,,IW 1 a, uwinuy uify -viu uc
icb?J by rairi'N at present ihey ran be
, itaiU't'e " 'Jmeans ol Plank Roads.
';irtk.H.dha- one singular feature in
kivctitin i it aiiu mis ifaiure constitues
J k mn wrgurnents in its favor. A
ii' of ibis kim( admils ofany conceivable
hi as lo Jiushiests: Xvithout
e rent in anything additional
,,i,fi lA flU'llKK
lMi.' U invest oi
ii'hr. Tiisj sfnf:
I . 1 L
xn out tit i we
with n ruilrosirL lfw j-i.p
A mere railroad does not
convenience ; it requires
nsily machinery ; and hovv
smiihhi aniliiiut ol support may be that
io a! f
m ihe fact lliut
ririil i!re. mduve
r I ha (i ie
, its machinery, to enable it
"inea. thai olH;rs,ymnst be
ve than daily use requires,
kit particular seasons of the
power of the road is not
il'foy the (Fani)irtaiioti of
ien i arid lidinornrv au-'umetitalion of
of things may exUl three
i'C. An addilhin ot nnwer
Jbc irdii try michinery ol the road is not
-Mi'dliy temporary increase thus crea
.SmII.i ijnukij hi.th ends of ihe year meet,'
not In (I ne. k Plank Road in the State
New ti k, lialaveiaged, lor ihe past two
lift j i . t , 1 ' . " - V . i
'v reams anuuailf, who an aver-
;nl6MiM)iindsof freight each, m iking an
t:rciat 270,t ()() tons, or enual to 1.250
1 ta.e l, herrfp, or 7,500,000 bushels of
cou i J f all ihe railroads of the entire
in u upon a f.irm4 will do the
in thj cullivMli'on of Ihiitv acres
f at, u-bicK wmtld yield twenty-four and a
f!,ii"ofifiy thilusand pounds, at an ordin.
wity lifi-.hels to the acre. How
jf j. tliettjjore, for the tanner, wilh
N and nay eiyhtv miles from mar.
CMh'hi.icfc.ii thither ? On a Plank
w AMI acclnplish it wilh one horse,
"2 'w ffltfe cr4 in about seventeen loads :
yn nrxin n ..... i i i i..
r roau no couui scarcely
J'Y;' ,' Trie, development of our mar-
,iaf". wn their immense weight, is
uc thefcamettmount of freii'hlin.c ?
'$jve capacity of a Plank Road,
ny didit:oilal outlay, renders it eanual
- ill. I
') cntDiitiugfencit-s as the one alluded to
TRUTH FITLY AND BRAVELY ;
We are glad to find that the Southern Pa
triot," the fearless Ttnd generous supporter of
he principles of the Uniop as it is, or, in other
words, the Constitution of the United States as
it has been for sixty odd years, disdains to join
in the general cry of accusation against the
General Government, as oppressing, or. perse
cuting, or menacing the State of South Carolina.
We copy from that paper, (published, a9 our
readers know, at Greenvilje, S. C.) under dale
of the 1st instant, the following remarks :
It is high time for the co-operationists, whilst
fighting secession, and knowing thai it will bring
down on ihe Slate nothing but disaster, and
ruin, dishonor, taclose their exaggerated misrep
resentations of the oppressions of the Federal
Government. They cannot, at the same time,
go with the secessionists, and beyond the se
cegsionists, in depicting the pretended misery
and degredation of ihe people of South Carolina,
and then ask them to be quiet and submit to it
till other States come to their aid, who have
already declared, by overwhelming .majorities,
that they will never come under existing cir
cumstances These pictures of our wrongs are. untrue, and
every where out ot South Carolina they have
been pronounced untrue by the Southern peo
ple. Were they true, the whole would act as
one man, shivering to pieces the Republic, the
Union, and the Government. In admitting
them to be true, as the distinguished Co-operation
leaders do, they arm the secessionists wilh
weapons which they cannot resist. It is not
in human nature fo bear such wrongs. No
honorable man would take his seat in Congress
from the South if the Northern members were
all a set of cut-throats, incendiaries, and robbers,
trying to set our negroes free, steal from us
our property, and eel the midnight torch to our
Good men and true, who love their country,
and who love order, peace, and regulated liber
ty, seeking from their public men information,
are astonished lo hear such parpable contradic
tions in the speeches and addresses of their
leading statesmen. They reply, very natu
rally, there must be a mistake somewhere.
These pictures of Federal oppression and North
ern aggression are not true, or the people of
the other Southern States would instantly fly to
arms and fight their death by ihe side of South
It is high time for the co-operationists to
quit this suicidal course. Let them present
Jh bevM tlife capacity of ihe 'animal j 'hings fairly to the peoble, and Jell the truth,
r-r pn.iii.k. ' .1
f Il2-eij in iL;, ......i : k. :. i." the vhnl troth, and nolhirxr hut lh trnlh.
n I, f.-n j'iuijuuiiuh, iiiai ii no. : r
mutter of itiomentous' iinnort wilh the! There .would be no danger in secession, in sep-
"fT. a to ihe lulficiency bf his power lor 1 ar,l,e Slate action none at all if all that has
p;jf;of Jf conveying his crops forward to I oeei1 sa'd and is said in South Carolina were
1 tlf lha A IT
a.) vi ,
knvv touching its origin.
Solomon Spaulding, to whom I was uni
tedjin marriage in early life, was a grad
uarje of Dartmouth College, and was dis
tinguished for a lively imagination and a
great fondness for history. At the time
of our marriage he resided in Cherry Val
leyj New York. From this place we re
moved to New Salem, Ashtabula county,
Objo, sometimes called Conneaut, as it is
situated on Conneaut creek. Shortly af
ter our removal to this place his health
sunk, and he was laid aside from active
labors. In the town of New Salem there
are numerous mounds and forts, supposed
by many to be the dilapidated dwellings
and. fortifications of a race now extinct.
These ancient relics arrest the attention
of the new settlers and become objects
of research for the curious. Numerous
implements were found, and otjier articles
evipcing great skill in the arts. Mr.
Spaulding being ;an educate! man and
passionately fond of history, tok a lively
interest in these developmentlpf antiqui
ty ; and in order to beguile thse hours of
retirement, and furnish employment for
his imagination, he conceived (the idea of
giving a historical sketch of tki long-lost
race. Their extreme antiquity led him to
write in the most ancient style; and as
theiOld Testament is the most ancient
book in the world, he imitated its style as
nearly as possible. His sole object in
writing this imaginary history was to
amuse himself and his neighbors. This
was in the year 1812. Hull's surrender
at Detroit occurred near and at the same
time, and I recollect the date well from
that circumstance. As he progressed in
his narrative his neighbors" would come
in occasionally to hear portions read, and
a great interest in the work was excited
among them. It claimed to have been
written bygone of the lost nation, and to
have been recovered from the earth, and
assumed the title of" Manuscript Found."
The neighbors would often enquire how
Mri Spaulding progressed in deciphering
the manuscript ; and when he had a suffi
cient portion prepared he would itform
them, and they would assemble to'hearit
read. He was enabled, from his acquint
ance with the classics and ancient history,
to introduce many singular names, which
were particulary noticed by tbe people
and could be easily recognised by them.
Mr. Solo.mon Spaulding had a brother, Mr.
John'SpauIding, residing in the place at
the time, who was perfectly familiar with
the, work, and repeatedly heard the whole
of ijread. From New Salem we remov
ed to Pittsburg, in Pennsylvania.
Here Mr. Spaulding found a friend and
acquaintance in the person of Mr. Pat
terson, an editor of a newspaper. He ex
hibited his manuscript to Mr. Patterson,
who was much pleased with it, and. bor
rowed it for perusal. He retained it for
a long time, and informed Mr. Spaulding
that if he would make out a title-page
and preface he would publish it, and it
might be a source of profit. This Mr.
Spaulding refused to do. Sidney Rigdon,
who has figured so largely in the history
of the Mormons, was at that time con
nected with the printing office of Mr. Pat
terson, as is well known in that region,
and, as Rigdon himself has frequently sta
ted, became acquainted with Mr. Spaul
ding's manuscript, and copied it. It was
a matter of notoriety and interest to all
connected with the printing establishment.
At length themanuscript was returned to
its author, and soon after we removed to
Amity. Washington county, &c, where
Mr. Spaulding deceased in 181G. The
manuscript then el into my hands, and
was carefully preserved. It has frequent
ly been examined by my daughter, Mrs. !
M'Knnstry, of Monson Massachusetts,
with whom I now reside, and by other
" "v- -vuipuuiuii uouoiiess sugges
ted the idea of converting it to thepur
poses of delusion. Thus a historical ro
mance, with the addition of a few pious
expressions and extracts from the sacred
Scriptures, has been construed into a new
Bible, and palmed offupon a company of
poor deluded fanatics as Divine.
The Mormons, or Latter-day Saints.
We have heretofore noticed the intro
duction of steam ploughing in England.
We now subjoin an extract describing the
process pursued in the experiment. One
engine only was used.
"The field selected for the purpose had
grown a wheat crop, and was of good
, ANECDOTES OF REV LEMUEL
He happened to go Into a store where
ardent spirits were drank as well as sold.
In his pleasant manner he addressed them,
" How do ye do?" The merchant, wil
ling to jest a little, replied, "O, not more
than half drunk." - Well, well,'! said Mr.
Haines. I am glad thsre is a reformation
A yoang clergyman, in conversation, on
the subject of an educated ministry, re
marked, that ministers without learning
succeed well, and ignorant ones usually
whole wintrr; so that by (he time the ! Vt, T, IT " tW ".
warm wealhef of t comes ' r. H. " how much ignorance 13 necessa.
will be in a forward.afe and wiH be fit ' emment P""'" v
for the table in May. In addition to minister, having had his house burnt
whatever common manures may have i uas stalinS the circumstanes to Mr. H.,
been applied to the onion bed, give it ai ad('nS that the most of bis manuscript
liberal dressing of tbe hen house scrapings, 1 SPrmons were consumed. Mr. 11. replied,
and during the growing state of the on- ' on 1 -ou think, brother, they gave more
ions, top-dress them with gypsum or good ,ighl fro,n te firc tfian they did from the
ashes. We particularly commend this me- 1,ulPnr
A physician, of libertine principles, to.
thod of growing onions to our more Son.
loern readers. Early cabbage may now whom he was indebted, had started for'
piantea. some lew may go to seed j the far west, and stopped in town. Mr.
and some few may perchan ce be wintpp II.. Iparnincr th fnt ti-.iio.l l.!m
; Kit ed, but if they are sowed liberally there ; fessed the debt, and started otfto borrow
"in oe a large supply left for spring, and Uhe money. He was called back by the
when many are just ready to transplant I Doctor, who presented a receipt in full,
you may be eating hard head cabbage. ! adding, Here. Mr. Haines, is Idischarfce;
mallpahlp th.' u -r . I . . -airui3, ccien, mus- )ou nave oeen a iauniui scnani nere a
niece of : rrVarhml . mc-7 uinui , arc, rad.sbes. lettuce, parsley. We rare- I long time, and received but a poor sup
movLh .T, achmer-wa Plactd on a I "J" r have cold enough to injure any of port. 1 give you the debt.'
field Bv li? n t at ,Lhe 7d f ,hC lhC abVe named P,an and -hen they j Mr. Haines thanked him, and still ex
erl thP nlnnah I A m "'T PW" 8et xl-orou? sUrl in mild October, they pressed his willingness to pav. when the
ers, tne plough, a double one, with revers- I come in much earlier in ihP nrinr tfn,7 IWmr n.UuA it,,, .. r.
-- -w .... yvi. , " "UUV VI, AUb UU IIIUJl I I ft 1 1 ' I
and make me a good man. Mr. Haines
ea snares and coulters, was drawn in ope , of the South.
uirecuon oy norses, and contrarily by
steam. The horses, four very powerful
animals, had much labor to drag the im
plement, and that only at a slow pace;
whilst the engine of 2G horse power,
hurried it back as fast as a man could
fairly walk to conduct the plough. After
several bouts" a subsoil nlouch was at-
tached at a gage of 9 and afterwards 121
inches. This additional burden, which
the horses could not possibly have drawn,
evidently steadied and improved the mo
tion, and left the work in a most satisfac
tory manner. Harrows were afterwards
appended with an equally pleasing re
suit. The ploughing took place across
old land, which showed in some places i
- i . t -I-
" Two engines placed parallel at each
end of the field would, without difficulty,
with only a double plough, complete four
acres of land in ten hours, and if required
subsoil it too. The work is more effect
ively performed, for it must be borne in
mind, that land ploughed by steam has
this great advantage that there are no
indentations or basins left as when plough
ed by horses (from the feet) a matter of
great importance on clay soils, and where
subsoiling is required, an advantage that
cannot be too highly appreciated."
We subjoin the estimate given of the
cost of doing this work in England, com-
From the Child's taper.
THE SILVER DOLLAR, OR HOW
BV MRS. U. C. KNIGHT.
It was a season of great scarcitv on tbe
hill regions of New Hamnshir. when 1
quickly replied. Why, Doctor, I think I
had much better pay the debt
Meeting a preacher who had been on
a tour, preaching false doctrines, he said
to him, You have been out on a preach
ing tour, and ivhat success do you meet
with' 'O cood success, oreat success.
nnnr woman 11.-,1 .u v' suur
k. ...I' " :; . , cause was the reply
. A' - J
cl ... -i -.i - , . , " trtusr, wns me rrii y. iou neeu not
bhe was sick, without either riends or k i i . .i . i u
monpv Th,PO tvo u I I p j I be concerned about that; he will never
mone). ihere was no helper but God 1 trtl t n
and she betook herself to prayer. She J'
prayed long she prayed in earnestTfor j Having solemnized a marriage, in a
she believed that He who fed the young i neighboring town, the youngand rather l
ravens would teed her.
On rising from her knees one mornin,
her little bare-footed girl opened the door
norant bridegroom said to him, ' What,
sir, is your usual fare ?' He humorously
replied, That depends entirely upon the
to go out. Something shining on the sill i Parties ; it they are promising and re-
stopped her. The child stooped down Pectable, we of course receive a liberal
reward ; u tney are what wejCall poor
things, we. expect but little. A liberal
and behold, a silver dollar ! She ran and
took it to her mother. It really was a
new, round, bright silver dollar. They
looked up and down the road; not a liv
ing person was in sight, and neither foot
steps nor waggon-wheels were to be heard.
Where did the dollar come from ? Did
God send it ? Doubtless it was from his
hand ; but how did it get there ? Did it
rain down ? No. Did he throw it from
the windows of heaven ? No. Did an
angel fetch if? No. God has ways and
means for answering prayer without send
fee was instantly presented.
Being once at an association, he address
ed a minister near him, who was a stran
ger, and inquired what kind of a minister
they had settled in such a town. He was
answered, a man of rather ordinary qual
ifications.' At this he wondered that a
town of such standing and consequence
should settle such a minister. But
looking round the room, he saw by the
smile on every face that this stranger
was no other than the minister in ques
tion. After joining in the laugh, he add
ing special messengers. He touches some
pared with that of accomplishing the same little spring in the great machinery of his
work by horse power. We do this not be- ! providence, without in the least disturb- j ed, But it appears that this minister has
And what is
that?' said they. Whv, be is a man of
truth, was tbe reply. Christian Mirror,
cause we suppose the information can be
of any practical value in this country, but
to show how low both mechanical and
agricultural labor, as well as the hire of
horses, are estimated, compared with the
cost of the same work in this country.
The wages of engine drivers, strokers of
firemen, ploughmen, and cost of fuel and
horse hire must be more than double those
of the estimate to command the labor here
described in this country.
We will now proceed to show the re
lative cost of ploughing a field of (say) 24
acres by animal power and by the aid of
the steam engines.
BY HORSE POWER. S. d.
24 Acres of Land, requiring two horses a-
breast and man, could be ploughed at 8s '
per acre. 9 12 0
BY STEAM POWF.R.
Two drivers, at 3s each per day, Gds 1 16 0 frient's Urg"V r"
Two strokers, 2s do do 1 4 0 ! CUt lhroun tnR Pmes i ?nd o(T he
ti i , . ail w ith o wlnilt U'ulL'infr ctinl.' Ac?l-..mc-: , . i i t ,
riougnman, Js do do 0 12 0 ; . .p, vna ; over iuw occame arunKams. i once made a
Five boys, 8d do do 1 0 0 J??ing on through a piece ot woods, he j speech in the Ohio State Piison. and I asked
ing its regu aritv. and he n romp. Snmo. i nnp rr,l
times we do not see exactly how, as this
poor woman did not ; then it seems to
come more directly from him; while in
in fact, our all being taken care of ever
since we were born, come just as direct
ly from him, only he employs so many
people to do it, fathers, mothers, servants,
shop keepers, that we are apt to lose sight
of Him, and fix our eye only on them.
But how did the silver dollar get on the
door sill? some boy may ask. It happen
ed that a pious young blacksmith was
going down to the seaboard in quest of
business. It was several miles before he
could take the stage coach ; so, instead
of p-nincr in thp VVfTfrnn whih nnrrtA Uia i
r-hpst. hp smwI hp vvnnld W1L- r i IIe ,,pSan ,0 dri,,k a Ill,le ,0 T1'1 his con-
' i r ,i . i tl -ill i , , i seizure : he became a dionkara ' his wife cot
ride, they said ;" it will be hot and dus- v-u . , , .. . b
. it 'i . .... a bill ol divorce liom him, and he is now cut-
r o ' 1 linir ivnnrl In opt nun Ptiminh lit "el lrn..L- nn
-. - - - " wn.
The Saratoga Convention.
MR. CARY.'s SPEECH CONCLUDED.
But we have great encouragement. God is
with us, and He has said, " Wo to him that giv.
j eih his neighbor drink, "and I bless him lor it.
Every Christian thai prays-. "Thy kingdom
come," prays that ihe busings of every liquor
seller may come to an end. 1 am from the
land of distilleries. I am wiihiii a short distance
of 21 dislilleries, making ,00 barrels a day. -The
men who work ihe.e engine? ol death, of.
ten come to a terrible end. 1 knew one who
erected a large ditillery in the Miami valley.
j The same is to an awlul amount ihe end of li.
j quor.f.pllrs. Of 1500 in one section of Ohio,
and vet ! .. .i.i..,i . u u ! true." Thprn would b no waitina for eo.oner
, -V inaniru mi ra i u ll l ?4 (ill- - - r , . , . . t- .
tl.honjc sJrTP-.t,.ltv P,pr. inlrt 1 ation : it would be inunediate and simultaneous i ne,nds. Alter the liooK ot Mormon came
',bMconiifRed-ifsel1 wiih tho market ! throughout ihe whole South. ! outf a copy of it was taken to New Salerri,
Jn,fi patll ifl!1,i una ,uaror.-i.a I We arc hannv and vrosverous as a veovle. ' the; place of Mr. Spaulding s former resi-
tbe vJilue of tverv f:irm nml hn.ia iKat ' and feel no tvrannu or oppression. Wrongs j dertce. and the very place where the man-
Kiiiti re Jiffi (5 ihe road, just in nriWr-I mfy have been attempted, insults may have j uscript found was written. A woman
i. . - i n- i i!.- i .u.rTi-j ii i . i . ti
ueen onereo, anu injuries uoue us ny ne reuerai j preacner appointed a meeting and repea
heard a voice from a little lonelv hut
by the road side. It drew his notice, and
he stepped towards it on tiptoe ; then he
stopped and listened, and found it was the
6 1G 0 voice of prayer, and he gathered from the
Balance in favor of Steam Power. 2 16 0 : prayer that she who offered it was poor,
rue!, 4s 8d do do 1 8 0
Add10 per ct. wear and tear of engines,
say 8d an acre. 0 16 0
betiyedn the cost ol mo-
"IgiMtit g his crop forward under
nd new viLm.
'H iXlliiTi-nl n rfl lVif nrin!rlis lVl
,, . i -. ...v. ,.. ...v,.t,,v o ilia.
:"M-UsiSof Pfiink Road? and rilrn,
airih,.. : . n 1. 1
J',- 1 1 " "cjwecu 19 jusuy anowauie,
ii jJ :.. LV ' i i- . . ., . .
'?... ' .1" juonc uignway, avauaoie
t4 '! ntl 1 1 convyance', in which the com-:j.;r;"-U,S?
holdjlhe capital invested in the
r'r; tu. (jijjer is a great machine,
' PlfttJ if ivK .... .U..
i "..ii-ii, mii.hiuiii tne iijuuvo
' r mi l.., il.k j i r i i
Hn j ' "w coniroi oi an muenenu-
rJ- ( ;" " i uo rnoueraie ex-
3r -w ila"k Il'ad are such, that there
!r"f1 fpf thatlthey may greatly exceed
capabilities of the trafic and
.hM husiaess of the country,
. t - wiiuo in me omer
9 (iri.if.,.. I r . i- -i . . . '.
c(ihi oi a rauroag, and Ihe
: ' n procuring ite machinery of transpl
"i i ma i
n,,. 8,,ch rf oPrisons any further
rti t fi t as wo l:ike 11 for ran-
Government, but they have not been of such a
cSaracter as to JuMifyJus in commencing a
revolution and a civil war. This is known and
felt every where out of South Carolina, and so
admitted by the Southern Rights party them-
selves in Mississippi, Georgia Louisiana, and
instituted.. ' ,ne Southern Jstates. tsunn oouin Carolina
it has been a race and a contest with our politi
cians, arid newspaper presses, and slump orators,
to see who could make things the blackest and
ted copious extracts from the Book of Mor
mon. The historical part was immedia
tely recognised by the older inhabitant's
as the identical work of Mr. Spaulding in
which they had all been so deeply interes
ted years before. Mr. John Spaulding
was present, and recognised perfectly the
work of his brother. He was amazed and
" By steam power the 24 acres would
be completed in a week. It would require
at least 10 horses to plough it in the same
period. Some lands must have more horse
and manual labor, and, of course, at a
greater cost than in the above calculation.
No estimate is made of the value of sub
soiling which, with steam power, would
be better accomplished without additional
expense, except one man, perhaps, for
guiding the plough."
sick and friendless.
' What can I do to help this poor wo
man "thought the young man. He did
not like to go into the hut. He clapped
his hand into his pocket and drew out a
all who had been liquor-sellr lo i'isp, and of
400, more than 200 rose, and mot-t .f them had
at gome time been licensed. If there is a liquor
seller within ihe so.jnd of my voice, I can tell
him he is engaged in an awtu! contest. God is
against him. AnJ every poor, broken hearted
wile, and suffering child is agriiti.t him, and is
sa) ing to mp, fight on ; and I will figU on
I have travelled through fourteen plates in ihe
conflict, and as lh? news ol conquet corne over
(he hills, and v:l!ie5, toy he art ve! within me
with gratitude to God. We aieio!d tv the chil-
GARDENING FOR OCTOBER.
Well, kind reader, we have gone through
the spring and summer gardening, and
tjhere is great grounds for
argument ran h nffcrprl mm
l ' . T " -
P;.., . "'V To
irrive at the urobable cost
''"itnt T iU i,u 6cction we wiH proceed
?tt,e ' jrl,ow,!-. taking one mile of road
r.r.ff HU1 'eUin- down ,he pric,eof
ffn 9l!'rer and the result will soon
, . , 'i anu dicthinff
n f i- r -tw wu
"ujV' rpliak4aS10. 1207 20
alHicted that it should have been perver
ted to so wicked a purpose. His grief in October for spring ? Even so. We are
In other Southern States the Deonle have ! found vent in a flood of tears, and he arose just beginning to find out some of the se-
heard both sides, and ha vef enme. tn correct eon. i on the soot and expressed to the meeting ! crets of mother earth in this region, and
i ii . i. n . . : i l ii i i i
uonar, me nrst silver oonar ne ever nad t dren of aorrow we are right; and we hou!d
and a dollar was a big sum for him to j be fold so by everv pulpit in the land. Some
give, for he was not as rich then as he i men hare great fears of Paine and Voltaire;
is now. But no matter, be felt that the j so have I, and hatred too ; but I had rather ee
poor woman must have it. The dollar : Voltaire and Paine come about my dwelling
being silver, and likely to attract atten- ; 'han a rum seller, lirensed;
tion as soon as the door was open, he con- J
eluded to lay it on the sill and go away, j
but not far; for he hid behind a large j
rock near the house, to watch what be- j
r: o l. i i.i. . e .
catne oi u. ouuu iir utiu iu usmciion i
u i c : : I i . . ,
inow.uunuripr.i.s - ";l'' : of seeing the little girl come out k spize the i
prize, when he went on bis way rejoicing, i
The silver dollar came into this young :
elusions. But in South Carolina they have 1 his sorrow and regret that the writings of j one of the great secrets of growing nature,
l. I 'A : J 'tl L I J .L:- I 1 : J J I I .I 1 U I 1 1 i ktU iininfa Kl anil nnirnol ia 4 Wa.
heard neither side. They have heard nothing
but misrepresentation and exaggeration on one
side, and by these exaggerations and misrepre
sentations they have beendriven.by the most ho
norable impulses, to the brink of an awful preci
pice ; and now they are disposed to jump over
in order to avoid dangers behind. I
The man who' ran away and hung himself to
avoid being killed in battle was not under a
greater delusion than the secessionists are in
flying to certain dishonor and destruction to
avoid evils and dangers which never will, never
man's hand for this toy purpose, for you
see a paper dollar might have blown a-
way : and he was led to walk instead of hands you put ihe licen-e, the rnoie mi-chief i
" Ivc-n-l to nmLe t!: f.r.Hij min weak,
IJcenK d to liy a w.- nnn ;
Iiiceiifn-d a wif-' fijn hcirt l' brok.
And make fir children' tears t.i rluw !
Iic-iisfd to d i In !i'i'ilir hirrn,
I.ici.-n-d to kind;.- Iiii' an-i Mrifc ;
I.iCrnnd ti nrv th- r-iit-r' arm,
Licftrd to wli. t thr tusird -tt. kniff !
Lif'-rtifc-d wh-re -:if and ijun-t d cil.
To brttijj .l!id vv.-.tit and ;
Lic-nst'd to make tin v.,ril a li-!!,.
And fit ruan for li l. !! w I"
And lhat more respectable the rn-n into whose
his deceased brother should be used for a both vegetable and animal, is food. Be
purpose so vile and shocking. The excite- gm now in October to collect and apply j ndp. the dld not exact,y know but done. ' The man put, his hand-...to h,M.cket,
mem in iew aiem oecame so great mat ; )um iuou iui piano. ?c uic iwiu uu
the inhabitants had a meeting and depu-1 before, of the great impropriety of apply
teri Dr. Philastus Hurlbut, and of their ! ing animal manures in the spring to the
HISTORY OF THE BOOK OF
As the;Book of Mormon or Golden Bi
ble, (as it was originally called,) has ex
cited much attention.ancT is deemed by a
certain new sectof equal authority with
the sacred Scriptures, I think it a duty
which I owe to the public to state what I
number, to repair to this place, and toob
tain from me the original manuscript of
MK Spaulding, for the purpose of compar
ing it with the Mormon Bible, to satisfy
their own minds, and to prevent their
friends from embracing an error so delu
sive. This was in the year 1834. Dr. Hurl
but brought with him an introduction and
rejquest for the manuscript, which -was
signed by Messrs. Henry Lake, Aaron
Wright, and others, with all of whom I
was acquainted, as they were my neigh
bors, when I resided at New Salem. I
am sure that nothing would grieve my
husband more, were he living, than the
use which has been made of his work.
The air of antiquity which was thrown
vegetable garden. iow manure your
garden grounds, and turn it well under,
and when the early spring comes the crude
manures will have become the proper
food for plants rememberj that plants
feed upon nothing except it is in solution,
! and the rank unrotted manures frequent
ly applied in the spring is n injury in
stead of a benefit ; and now, if the grounds
are manured and prepared, we will show
you what seeds to put in. The onion that
has been produced from the top or button
should now be planted, also the buttons
and the sets ; and those who would make
the best kind of an onion may now plant
the black seed ; they will vegetate direct
ly arid continue to grow through the
God. who directed his steps, did know. and lays, " I have a licm-." In Ohio w
So God plans, and we are the instruments ' have got ihe license detroed. an I now are
to carry on his plans. Oftentimes, we 2fing to rn ihe cannon aant the enemv.
seem to be about our own business, when j God speed the dy when we bali aing Glory
we are about his, answering, it may be, ' 10 G,,(J in ,he h'31 we shall never
the prayers of his people. ! pin- 'hat wh.le we hive d.-iiilries in .pera--
The young blacksmith is now in mid- 'j.0",, U e haJP .,n J.,h, :orU 'VW'
die life: he has been greatly prospered, J-'ni1 PU A Vre.Uyxe.
. . 1 1 1 1 L ' nan distilleries, running all the week, and only
and given away his hundreds since then ; , . , h ,he ,o
but perhaps he never enjoyed giving more lhe churcb But we hjVft f.ms4,6 illfluence
than when he gave his first silver dollar, j with IJf We can frsifreU. nn. a jadv who
I will now set wine upon her table. We know
vast good has been done under God by human
his Llesirig upon
this moral enterprise, of more value than all
ethe rail-roads and steamboat operations ; re.
pairing sad moral wastps. and cau-ing earth to
bloom at ihe garden of God.
The meeting closed at half pas! 0 wilh the
A Squad of Notorious Courtezans prome-
notoft Rrngilii'si' .TAtr
. ,' , . J i instrumentality, and we ask
evening, in me Dioomer aress, to me great,
disgust of every body in the street. The
b'hoys followed them, and were disposed
to raise a disturbance. The police inter
fered, however, and had the whole batch !