TUB CUtOLI.Vl fWATCIiaiABT.
Tl nrr year, Two Dol,i.abs payah
lion. Pr vrar 10 vi-r.s payanie in
f riT ' not pnid in advance, Two Dollars
,nJ ,r ni.-rtJ "t Si for ihe first, and 23 eta.
jri.ir1' f aclisuiwqui'nt insertion. Courtordera
,. f ; ' r o"fll. higher tlinn these rnfrs.. A li
rh EJiior must be post paid.
1 - 11 "7
!BV JOSKl'II E. WADE.
,(friie to those proposing 1o liuild a
t Ruad i. firsl a,,J foremost, lo obtain the
flof aS0' ,i"'erf arl gv no heed
T'u' i'Xs ma,,y ,hal an :!iieer is
1 . .X.at- ariruin" that ihe cost 1
r(.jf UII'M " "
IderiH a"(J majr mo'C Pr""u,,,y he used
niituclinn f ihe road. If a large
. ' j 'stockholder any proposed line
Tl . I. .haIi jkriiniiina a 1. I . .1
;viuj 8ut.ii imimjh, ii is irequenny
. f,.ran i uter I ! advocate of a thorough
i Vntifi? course to urge such a course.
'c-u? oul ' ,en ome ignorant and
,kT un.tari, A'i'h,0"' Pr,'le of practical or
'(ore'tcal skill or knowledge, preposses-
" I. ..( iKim msiaa with lh an
K nllfl'l ' " - OUiHI9M WI1
i. Ie . i J - i ' ri . i.
, inf cf'n(,u "ana C1,n ,aJ 'auk Koad."
Irsuchi is the case, the friends of ajudi
...JaA belter withhold tbeir mnnnv
ncuu vr ... i
rfCnci';ine 1 . s OI a large
0 . i
,:wfl 0" "V. . . . ...
, fcr0ad u iwa. recenuy nutti. opposition
...A L the employment of an riirrineer.
I j f!13' y jit
f ( thehefst Ineiid of ibe road, and the
;t ,toclihoMer, anengineer by profession,
lof p!?J'J al'ilittes, offered bis series
, . ThV ll'Cri" flpf liii1 A nJiLi'..-
i .:.Jra sleet) hill, while at iwlitiin
4ffbunH fpr a dutiful ascent offered
tinM tt 8ma" lnani thai descen
j frrro 'bit rear pflhei hill. Instead of adopt.
. lieMtr lhat cencc pointed out, to pre
rrti'' ,ine al,d as ,he lafcd, cheap
f.the creek was. trrossexf by a bridge eighty
t bi. j'd,l,.e rol( carried over the brow
lijehill. Krad f one n en in tome
l'hi result is. that fiv ihrniaanrt
rl ' 'lv " iHuvi bia
uanJ dojlara have been squandered and the
irlv-wwrlhless. As an evidence., how.
erl :h frofiiableness of Plank Koad, this
j, nor" " " "ri " Clumsy cousiruction
iJwn'eul money, nas, as we are inlormed
ieuer Irofli the President of the Company,
(J i drndrnd of twenty five per cent. In our
Wfi e include M engineering," as a por.
it- .wl nil L
lilJ nt riHrilsr, uu aimw tMIUUrn ll Hi If)
ureiherieesof thorough.bred er'igineers
Srot chain carriers or mo men, no.r sub on
.ctors on other roads, passing themselves up
rte puhiiic, wnere iney are not Known, as
eensinms. PaV well, and have mutd en
pie :er, money will be saved.
Another pouit of vitalimportance is aright
Xo point involves the question of utility to
' Rulilic mre fully, than thit oCulronpr nmHo
in. lhrrilirf, very iuipiriant in laying out a
ink Kn(l, to selen itiat route having the
jtfra surface. The advantages of a Plank
(dm berntirely lout, if in lavinir out the
e, due rfard is not paid to the giade.
Iiilb" Merhaiiiqi Industi ielle," we find
I Me. giving t Irrelative resistance from fric-
i,U!iefis in motion on a plane, as fol-
0 iraad of sand and grave!; one sixteenth
On i lirukeo stone road, in cood order, one
renieenth of the" load.
Ou alinuken itone road, in ordinary condi-
n, one i r niy n It n oi l he. load. ,
Oiiapatement, one fill v fourth of a lod.
Onnwedoak plank, one ninetv.eio'hih of a
emoir de !eeanllA.,' wa
i eiperimeoi of Moi in, elaborately de
ed, at follows : ,
of two gences,
'rwJcoTmd with crav-
""incrifs thick, 1-12
wj, wiih irravpl . 1 . I C
M w4 solid ran h Roau 1-41
itt a ruts. - i . i n
w7 prnmrnr, J.C9
' JUtfortn. ' i.ox
fom th- diversity of opinion atnonr writers
r--l'roper average estimate of the useful
;ofa horse by fixing the grade at one in
8 'J os, and
I W le .force nf nno K.,.,.,l I :
f ;0'-lJ placing the resistance at l COoflhe
"ihe common average, we will find the
' Jb horse to be 2.700 pounds, or 10,-
f ... " v ivui-uuigc i era ill.
''I'frs fixes the power of a horse at two
T'uno w,th a speed of two and a half
Hi ' ' auverai one Hundred and
t J "Ine Doiinrla t..iiU r .i
f,tr hfinr. II
Hum j 4 ,uurpan tngiisn writer, at
f.. P0 a velocity of eight miies per
J,e 'Hor ,it hours.
;m,le per hour,
3 mi!, i
100 pounds. '
43 2 3 do.
8' ihe rl,..lw.aia.t
WlU ci M wniiicri iiiiiii t'ajo.
iiU f , Jr,two ,eams or one hundred
? Jluur horses, sa) s : "The mean forde
i'tt ' horse is one hundred and six
,f' Pui,.al two and a half miles per
experiment were fairly made,
hxr. ,l jue common breed used'by
f'Jcr '"""bera .may be considered a
1:1?? meaure of the force' actually
bU, j 4 al a plough, and which they
7 Wi,nout J!ur' fi'rmany weeks.','
.y . . 'orce reniiir-H of a Knr.a i
i8ein ,:.0na-(M Uoad, with a gride
Jeia, 'n,rlJ haul 3.2G0 pounds, and with
f p"7-on 2,500. pounds. Assuming,
4d ,0 ""arice i a we laid Plank
a fi,r a we have then a good founda-
I" a rxnuirarl TV.'.,, : .
:J. uJvVo,,i,e view of the subject, and
're iom ' .r"aiJ fir' c,s into use.
nVi. ."'""'ncatioiK Iia lisf nurli
P u.rd I ,he firM 8urfic f he plank has
8't i icuucfs every ming
'h'r ood ; 8'ee o( ,0''idi,y a,,d hardness,
pin- w,...rt1?rfM,,, ,re resistance, Cod vel-
Nia . u,u. e th nk. i.fT-P "M-s-.-.I ' i
0--.tn,f) Press on. ; . ...
t,Whui UmCrade of Qr,e in twenty.
I ' wad tk. , r,urwnrnne me weigni
I'ttfv, q',h res rUL'.:.!... l . "f j
,0la iiio of the angle of inclination;
4. i . I 1 " -
J. J. B RUNE II,
Editor Sf Proprietor.
will be one twentieth of the weiaht. tn
the resistance from friction being added gives
'84.1,4 00, or 643 10.000 ol the load fijr the ag
gregate resistance in overcoming the ascent."
Thus a weight of sixty four pounds, suspend
ed ovej- a pulley, would drag 1,000 pounds fixed
upon wheels up an ascent of l,in 21, upon a
Plank Road. We may assume that the resist,
ancerom friction on the macadamized road,
compared with the Plank Road is as three to
one, or one tenth of the weight. That the rises
to wnich such roads have to be accommodated,
are, at times one to eight, and we have cne.
tenth to one. eight eighteen. eightieths oftjie
load for the general resistance. One thousand
pounds, therefore to be drawn over such a road
tvould require a 'weight of two hundred arid
twenty-five pounds suspended over a pulley
he aanlages possessed, therefore, by the
PlanX Road over the other, would be as sixty,
four pounds is to two hundred and twenty. five.
With a grade of one In twenty. one, six hoi-,
ses or mules could draw sixty barrels of floir
or thirty bales of hemp or cotton, and by redo,
cing the grade from one in twenty one to one
in thirty, six mules or horses would be able to
draw seventy. four barrels of flour or thirty.se.
ven bales of hemp. j
One thing should never be forgotten in lay
mgout grades, namely : thai it is advisabe,
and sometimes economy, to make a detour of
considerable extent, or to cut through heavy
work rather than attempt to carry a road over
an ascent of any great extent, wherein the grade
is under one in sixteen. Animals can, by ex
traordinary exertions, draw a load up an as
cent with a grade of'one to twelve, and even
under ; but is it not evident that it is an imp(js.
sibility to convey a heavier load over the entire
b?ngth of the road than can be dragged upn
the sleep accents. Hence, the folly o( pursu
ing a pernicious course in the first stage of
operations on a Plank Road, seeing that an
easy ascent peunii, the passage of rnuch hea
vier loads than where the grade is unfavorable.
Should a few thousand, dollars more be expen'
ded upon a good grade, it will, in the end, prove
the wisdom and propriety of such a course, j
DRAINAGE. " j
After a good grade, the next question of mo
ment is complete and thorough drainage.
However excellent the grade, and admirably
well performed the work on a road may be, if
the drainage isn complete, much of the utility
of the road is lost. We urge it as a subject of
vital importance to drain well, whatever the
co,.! may be. To effect this, let the ditches
on either side of the road be at least three feet
deep, and with true slopes. Outlets for the
water should be provided wherever a conven
ient one can be found. Let those outlets have
as much descent as possible.. If the ditchings
and outlets be efficient the plank will lst
much longer, and the road be always in better
Where it is difficult on any particular side of
the road to obtain an outlet run a culvert under
the road, if one can be found on the other side.
The object, at all times, should be to carry off
every drop of rain which may fall on the road.
The centre of the road should be thrown up at
least twenty. two inches the " cross section,"
will exhibit a perfect i
Cross Section of Plank Roads,
form of the road. Throw away the sods ; jet
no earth he used but what will afford a fifm
and solid foundation when it has settled. Let
the ii2ht side of the road, coming into Jown,
be selected as the side for planking. The face
of the road. between the ditches, should be
twenty feetwide, erght feet for th plank and
twelve feet for the earth track. When the
road is evenly thrown up, let it then be roljed
with a heavy roller. This can be made by
taking & log three feet or so in thickness, cut
it six or eight feet in length, peel the bark off,
and make it tolerably round ; then bore two
holes, two inches in diameter, in the endsiof
the log. as near the centre as possible ; hw
out a pair of stout fils, make two pins of doW.
wood, or ofan equally hard wood, leaving heads
to the pins,- bore a hole in each of the fill and
mortice a cross bar into the fils two feet from
the holes, afler driving the pin9 in the centre
holes, a team may be attached to the fils, or
what is better, saw them so as to leave them
but three feet in length, and bitch your tem
to the middle of the cross bar. After a thor.
ough rolling, if any place requires more earth,
let it be supplied. If sleepers are used, let te
trenrhes for them be four and a half feet apart,
and the sleeper let it in so as to allow the plank
to touch the earth. A tendency i now mahi
fested to set the use-ofsleepers aside entirely, for
the reason that on solid ground they are of no
use, if any fastening can be used to keep tbe
planks in place without them ; and in wet and
mucky soils the sleepers commonly used are a
positivelnjury, from the vibration caused by
passing teams. This vibration causes a chur
ning of the wet soil, which is soon washjed
away from under the sleeper, and causing; a
depression in the road. It is not depth of slee.
per that is needed it is width for "bearing."
Sleepers have only been useful for keeping
the road in shape w hlle it was settling ; they
add at least 8400 additional cost to the mile,
without any adequate utility sufficient to war
rant irevr use where theyjean be dispensed
with. : In wet or sofi places, if the draining
has been properly attended to, we would recojm
mend the use of a cheap kind of boards, say
winding edge boards from nine to fifteen inches
wide and one to one and a half- inches thick.
We prefer those from the fact that they vi-ill
never vibrate in the ground, and not having the
depth to settle that a sleeper has, they there
fore allow the planking at all times to lay firm
ly bedded in the soil.
Eight feet bas uniformly Wen deemed a uf.
fieient width for roads in the eastern Slates.
We think it a matter of doubt whether our blea
vy western and southern teams of six horse or
mules, and frequently six yoke of cattle, tfvill
find -this width a sufficient one, particularly
when they have to get on the planking a'ter
having had to turn off; Nine feet, might we
.think, answer the purpose Frorrtthe prejva.
lent opinion entertained by people at large,
yCEEF A CHECK UPON ALL TOUR
SALISBURY. N. C, THURSDAY, OCTOBER
tlfat no skill is required to construct plank roads,
ii.uuu uissausiaction in many
sections from the ilLad.i.ed attempts of person!
a construct such roads without i proper con.
ception of thetr requirements. We kre sorry to
ee a Senator ,n our Legislature, in a report,
otherwise able, setting forth this idea.
r lo secure good road should be the aim of
all interested, and the chief requisite in a Plan
Road being a good and well drained foundation
every engineer should, therefore, feel the4
importance of this undenaL Inn n rA I
UIS worK a monument of skill and
judgment, rather than a clumsy tW for 8en.
sihle men to laugh at. ' i
j It should be always understood that theloa
ded team keeps the road, and where two loaded
earns meet, the team going outworn town is
the only one that can turn off.the track. The
planked part of a road should incline three in.
ches in the entire width of tbe planking. No
circumstances will justify laying a plank road
r the centre of the roadway first, because
in that event the plank would be level on the
op Whereas, it is of the utmost importance
have a slant to lead off the water-and se.
condly, in wet weather especially, the one
wheel running off on the earth track, finds less
resistance to cutting than the other, consequent
ly, the weight of the load being thrown on that
wheel, must necessarily increase the weight
o the draft, and soon cause the earth track to
rut up and need repairs. A double track is
rarely required on any rout. Actual experience
has demonstrated that any arrangement in the
building of a plank road, whereby the earth
settles away from tbe plank, allowing confined
air to exist underneath, is fatal to the durability
of a road. If the plank is well bedded in the
soil, the period at which we may safely set
down the duration of a Plank Road is, if of
pine or other soft timber, eight years ; oak, it
is thought, will last two or three years longer.
T;he wear, by abrasion, is calculated al one
fourth of an inch yearly, and the plank will
Jast till worn down to one and a quarter inches.
T!he plan is adopted in many places, of turning
the plank over, after two or three years wear.
Aj slight covering of soil is useful on the plank
ing, and effectually avoids the dangers sugges
Md, of slippJing of the animal. In speaking of
single and double tracks, Mr. Geddes, the dis.
tihguished New.York Engineer, observes:
Great speculative objection was made in the
start to but one track ; but we have now the
entire community wiih us, in deciding that, on
ajl ordinary roads, one track is fully suffieient.
The reason is this : the travel in wet weather
is entirely on the plank, except the turning out
of the the light teams ; but they seek the plank
again as soon as they get around the team met
or overtaken, so that the turn-out track is not
cut with any continuous lengthwise ruts, and
pferhaps the wheels of not one team in a hun
dred turn-outs will strike the exact curve of
another ; consequently in our experience, our
turn out track being well graded, passing the
water easily and rapidly from its surface, re
mains perfectly hard and smooth."
In concluding, we think, that we have, in
general terms, shown the advantages of Plank
Roads, and believe that we have shown from
reliable data :
1. That Plank Roads are more easily and
cheaply constructed than Railroads.
! 2. That they are more easily kept in repair,
are less perishable, and yield larger and more
certain returns than Railroads to the stockbold.
; 3. That produce can be conveyed over them,
at least twenty.five per cent, cheaper, and with
no greater loss of time, than on a Railroad.
I 4. That they are better able to accommo
date the country at large, because they can be
carried to almost every man's door.
5. That from the material and power used,
they are peculiarly adapted to our Western and
6. That they create markets at home wher
ever they reach, adding to local wealth and pop.
ulation ; and, generally, that they are belter
adapted to an agricultural country, from the fact
that they can be constructed and kept in repair
easily, and that farmers and planters can own
and manage them so as to make the transient
travel pay the. expenses of carrying their own
produce to market, and also to return a band,
some dividend besides.
Now, in view of these facts and suggestions,
it must readily occur to every farmer, within a
reasonable distance of the line of a Plank Road,
that he can better afford to take stock in such
a company than any other of our industrial
classes, because he can more cheaply pay for
his shares by icorking them out on the road.
Every head ofa family, with his learns, scrapers,
shovels, and other implements which are al
ways at hand in the cultivation, &c, of his farm,
could, during those leisure times which every
one occasionally enjoys, work out from one to
a dozen shares, according to his force and prox
imity to the road, without any serious diversion
of his attention from his regular vocation, or
pfrceptive detriment Jo his crops. In fine, to
all classes of farmers, no scheme was ever de
vised that afforded so rich an assurance of im
mediate and positive benefits to them, as the
construction of plank roads in the neighborhood
of their farms.
tit is vitally important, also, to the business
man in towns and cities ; it effectually removes
the embargo that frequently, for months, shuts
out the country from the city by reason of bad
i- Betsy Proctor hui.g herself at the Poor
House in this place on Thursday morning last.
There .was an incident in the history ol the life
of this woman worthy of record which comes to
us authentically sustained. She had been
, p,. xMuiaiui
bfind for ten years, and became so, we learn.
urjder the following circumstances: When a ,
married woman, her husband charged her with j
inconstancy to the marriage vow. She em '
piratically denied it, and upon her knees pray- j
ea uoa to siriKe oer ouna, ii irue. immeui- j
itely after she went blind. She died by the
viole nee of her own hands, distracted by the
constant apprehension of the further judgments
of Heaven. ;- Her appearauce in death indica
ted a higher destiny than awaited her io this
world. Fred. Neics.
Do THIS, AKD LlBEETT IS SAFE.
Gen' I Harriton.
- . wt iui wo nrpuoiican.
s St. Augustine, Oct. 1 1, 1851.
.... uoc ui me rampero.
a.iegeu violation or the revenue and
neutrality laws, commenced on the 6th
On that day the Court merely organized!
1 he taking of testimony was begun on
illt. The first vvitnpss examined was
John King a native of Ireland, one of the
men attached to the expedition, who de
parted from New Orleans in the Pampe
ro, and arrived with said vessel at Cuba,
rjt being taken sick on the voyage and
thereby disabled he did not land, But re
turned with the Pampero to Jacksonville.
Iq the latter town King lay some weeks
at Jhe point of death. He arrived in a
very destitute condition, though bis wants
were supplied by the charity of ladies of
Jacksonville. His testimony before the
Court is very full, and it is thought alone
ample to prove the violation of the laws.
He describes the passage of the steamer!
her arrival at Cuba, and identification of
the vessel in question as the one engaged
in the expedition. King's evidence occu
pied the whole of Friday.
To-day Col. H. T. Titus, also of the ex
pedition, was called. His evidenc to
the reinforcement from Jacksonville and
Georgia, and the departure of the Pampe
ro from the former place, is full and con
clusive. J.C. Hemming and Capt. Thomp
son, of Jacksonville, occupied the latter
part ol to day in giving evidence, which
was brief but to the same point. The
Court adjourned over to Monday, when
testimony will be resumed. It is under
stood that the argument of the case will
be postponed to another sitting of the
The claim of Mr. Seguir to the Pampe
ro is considered hopeless, and there is no
very active sympathy in his behalf.
Though the fact of the testimony against
him being mainly from those engaged
with him in the Cuba expedition, and that
as it is alleged his all of this world's goods
consists in the property of said vessel, and
that a decision against him will strip him
while others have retained a share of the
Cuba effects, may independent of any
other consideration awaken some public
interest in his behalf.
Maj. B. A. Putnam, of this place, and
McQueen Mcintosh, Esq., of Jacksonville,
are the present counsel for Mr. Seguir.
G. VV. Call, Esq., Dist. Attorney for the
Some fifteen witnesses are subpoenaed
citizens of Jacksonville, persons attach
ed to the Cuba expedition, and others.
A commission has been forwarded to New
York to take the deposition of Lieut. Van
Vechten; although the testimony of King
renders it almost superfluous.
The ancient city is favored with the
presence of an English Countess, wha
takes up her abode in Florida the more
early to secure a divorce from a somewhat
antiquated husband, the lady herself being
in the bloom and beauty of early woman
hood. Her object requiring a sojourn here
for a certain period ; we understand that
in the course of the winter a bevy of dis
tinguished friends are expected from Can
ada in a yacht! What a time for the
gallantry and hospitality of the Agustin
ians to display itself. A company of Can
adians, with a British yacht, paying a vis
it away down in Florida to an English
Countess ! What a chance for a Yankee
yacht to run a race down here, to beat the
visiting craft (if politeness did not forbid
it,) just as a Yankee yacht a few weeks
ago beat a Britisher in a famous race at
Cowes, England. C. D.
Now is the time to put in cuttings ; al
most every tree or shrup will grow from a
cutting, if proper care and attention be
given them. We have grown pear, ap
ples, peaches and cherries from cuttings,
and nearly every variety of flowering bush
grow from cuttings planted in October.
The soil for cuttings should be mellow and
rich, rich in vegetable matter, and as cool
as possible. The great advantage of Oc
tober planting, is in the roots forming in
the fall and winter hereby giving the
plant a vigorous startJn the spring, ena
bling it to brave the heat of summer.
Cuttings should be placed in the ground
horizontally, with but Wo buds above the
surface, and the butt end of the cutting
should always rest against the solid earth ;
the roots are surer to radiate from the
base, and once having taken hold, will be
likely to live. Lovers of fruits and flow
ers, try cuttings in October. Soil of the
Sach as apple, pear, plum, peach, grape,
&.C., should now be planted. If they are
kept out of the ground until spring, ten to
one they never vegetate at all. Nuts
should also now be planted. In sections of
country where nuts do not abound, it is
very easy to stock the country with them ;
just plant the seeds this month, wnere
rail timber is scarce, plant the Chestnut,
and if you do not live to eat the fruit or
split the rails, some one will come after
vnu that will. 001 of ine oouin.
THE NEW SWEET POTATO.
We made reference the other day to a
new variety of the sweet potato, believed
to have been brought from some part of
VOLUME VIII NUMBER 38.
South A morion C, : . . T
--.....v.... vjujjcnoruy as IO Size,
naur. QCC was C aimp. fiir It
other kinds. We suggested .h., t "
propably the West India yam. wl M
grows in most countries, and is frequently
selvesnf tnZ 7- o0nunltV
eS l T' " J'
and every nualitv frnrn iC,c,u ,n erowiD
ana every quality, from every one we
uave nere, and 1, as well as many who
have tasted them, view them as entirely
superior. They are either in shape of a
thick yam potato, or like a turnip pa great
proportion of the large size is in that form,
tor my own part, 1 consider them the
mosi elegant root on a table that I know
of. when preyed Rs the Irish po.V.oTand
potato. Mobile Herald.
-T " I "
Maternal Influence. During a lecture
on Popular Education, recently delivered.
Gov. Briggs related the following impres
sive incident :
Twelve or fifteen years ago, I left Wash
ington three or four weeks during the
spring. While at home, 1 possessed my
self of the letters of Mr. Adams' mother,
and read them with exceeding interest.
I remember an expression in one of the
letters addressed to her son, while yet a
boy twelve years of age, in Europe : says
auii vuuiu irtiucr skb you taiu in your
grave than you should grow up a profane 1 ZVCo " . a!lcrwa,rtlS' at un
, . . b r a piuiane uer the circumstances th t L- ,.... ... .u
and graceless boy.'
" After returning to Washington, I went
over to Mr. Adams' seat one day, and said
to him, 'Mr. Adams, I have found out who
made you 1'
" 4 What do you mean V said he.
I replied, '1 have been reading the let
ters of your mother 7' If I had spoken
that dear name to some little boy who
had been for weeks away from his dear
mother, his eye could not have flashed
more brightly, or his face glowed more
quickly, than did the eye and face of the
venerable old man when I pronounced
the name of his mother. He started up
in his peculiar manner, and emphatically
M Yes ! Mr. Briggs, all that is good in
me I owe to my mother."
" Oh what a testimony was that from
this venerable man to his mother, who
had in his remembrance all the scenes in
his manhood ! " All that is good in me I
owe to my mother " Mothers ! think of
this when your bright-eyed little boy is
about you ! Mothers make the first im
pression on their children, and those im
pressions will be the last to be effaced."
THE POLITENESS OF PAUL.
An old poet has quaintly called Jesus Mhe
first true gentlemen that ever breathed.' Paul's
politeness, too, must not be overlooked, com
pounded as it was of dignity and deference.
It appeared in the mildness of the manner in
which he delivered his most startling and shat
tering messages, both to Jews and heathens ;
in his graceful salutations ; in his winning re
proofs the excellent oil which did not break
the bead ; in tbe delicacy of his allusions to his
own claims and services ; and, above all, in
the calm, self-possessed, and manly attitude be
assumed before tbe rulers of his people and the
Roman authorities. In the language of Peler
and John to their judges, there is an abrupt,
ness savoring of their rude fisherman life, and
filler for the rough echoes of the Lake of Gali
lee, than for the tribunals of power. But Paul
while equally bold sind decided, is far more
gracious. He lowers his thunderbolt before
his adversity ere he launches it. His shaft is t
"polished," as well as powerful. His words been converted some years before, and
to King Agrippa 'I would to God that not on; had joined the church. We asked him if
ly thou, but also all that hear me this day, were he still belonged to it.
both almost and altogether such as I am, ex- " No," said he, " they turned me out
cept these bonds,' aro the most chivalrous ut- for the most frivolous thing in the world
terances recorded in history. An angel could j if I'd know'd they'd a turned me out fo
not bend more gracefully, or assume an atti- such a liuIe lhJn as lhflt yd , .
tude of more exalted courtesy. Gilfdlan. ed " J
The Self moving Carriage. The Paris cor
respondent of the Philadelphia Bulletin, in a let
ter says :
"Two years ago I described for an Ameri
can paper, the sell-moving Carriage of M Pro
vost. Since that time M. P. has travelled in
it over a great part of France visiting Tours,
Saumers, Orleans, Chartres, Havre, and other
l fl r-
places. ne is now in rans on his way to
Bordeaui. He travelr with ease lo himself,
for lhe force is not the mascular strength an
plied to pedals or cranks, but the weigh) of his
person which puts in movement the machinery
on much the same principle wiih the weight of
a clock. On ordinary roads (they are maca.
damized in France,) M. Provost travels from
sixty to eighty miles a day. The carriage is
about six feet by three and the machinery not
visible from the outside."
M All Flesh is Grow." Bishop Hughes in
a sermon to his parishioners, repeated the quo
tation that "all flesh is grass." The season
was Lent, and a few days afterwards be en
countered Terence O'Collins, who appeared
to have something on his mind. "The top of
tbe mornin' to yer rivf rence," said Terence,
"did I fairly understand your riverenee to say
all flesh is irrass. last Sundav ?" To be nr
you did," replied the Bishop, "and you're a
heretic if you doubt it." " Oh not the bit do I
doubt any thing your riverenee says, said the
wily Terence ; ' but if your riverenee plaze, I
wish to know whether in this Lent time I could
not be after having a small piece o(bafe by way
of a salad V'Sharpc's Mag.
An acquaintance of ours was up in Con
ncct.cut one day last winter, to visit a
friend who was a manufacturer. The
shaft of the manufacturer water-wheel
had been broken that afternoon, under the
great accumulation ol ice, and he was in
great trouble, for he had marched long to
hnd a suttable Mick, and he knew not
where to find another. If he could find
onPf it would be green and unfit for use
ery early in the morning, while the day
had scarcely dawned, the
. . - MIWlUI tl
I n , ,g "7l wcre al lhe ml. l e what
should be done.
I A farmer, who lived two or threi. m?r.
nfr .1 1.. . v-
i uf' n.?.?n S lbe
1 pheV " Bad Z t Mr uT0'
j mer. U&U lhe faN
I ' aaid the manufacturer, and worst
: r! n;t know where to get anoth
i f snm the farmer. I guess i can
! tell you where vou can find nn,'
' You can ?'
said the manufacturer;
wnere is it fl
4 Well, said the farmer, I) thought that
shaft would break, likely as not. some
time or other, and I had a tre in mir
f woods I thought would make a slick to
'fillit vnu . I ... : I .
j it hoe. ' a"d ,
j " uiuncil, 1 lUOUgQl Q
anu lei you know.'
You're just the man I wanted tn o
said the manufacturer.' if only it was light
enough. How much do you ask for the
stick, if it will suit me V
f Oh, I'm sure 'twill suit ye,or I shouhTnt
a cut it down; and about the price, I
guess you and I can agree. It's a nice
stick, you'll see, if you've a mind to como
It was some time before the farmer
would set a price, but at last he guessed
one hundred dollars would be about right.
I'll come over and see it after break!
fast, said the manufacturer.' U A,
- - at M a1 m ia
we nunurecl dollars to him. Are not such
people able to lake care of themselves V
" My Dear Mrs. Jones," said Mrs. Brown,
"come here to my bed side, I am dving, and I
wish to say a few words to you."
"Yes Marm," sighed Mrs. Jones.
44 Well Mrs. Jones," ejaculated Mrs. Brown,
'you and I have had a good many tiff jn our
days, and I would now part with you in peace.
Can you forgive me ?'
'Yes, Marm,' sobbed Mrs. Jones, 'indeed,
indeed I can.'
Am I forgiven,' ejaculated Mrs. Brown.
'es marm,' responded Mrs. Jones wilhdiffi.
cully, in consequence of the intensity uf ber an
guish, and then she attempted to weep her way
out of the dying woman's room.
Stop a moment, my dear Mrs. Jones,' said
the expiring Mrs. Brown 'I've another word or
two to say. I wish to have it understoJ that
if I gel well, every ihing goes back, and we
stand on the same old ground.'
What business was your father said
an imperious Colonel to a modest looking
A tobacconist sir.'
What a pity he did not make you one.
Possibly, sir, and now will you allow
me to ask you a question V
Certainly. What is it.'
What was your father'
A gentleman sir.'
1 Well then, all 1 have to say is, that it's
a deuced pity he didn' make you one.'
It is needless to remark that the Colo
nel turned to the right and left.
C I ....
w . . . uuwn ia uu Ul
A Persecuted Man. A Nothern paper
tells the following good one :
Hamilton of the Mary ville Tribune, was
travelling in the cars, thether day from
Bellefontaine to Kenton, when he fell in
with a decided character. He was toler
ably drunk. Let Hamilton tell the rest :
He said he lived in Urbana ; that the
Methodists had a great revival there a
year or more ago, and lhat more than a
were converted : that he had
Said we, " What did you do ?"
"O nothing only I bet my horse out
ran another fellows; I won the money,
and then got drunk, and had two fights.
That's all. And they turned me out for
Fine dressing and dexterous dancing,
remarks a shrewd observer, when not
subsidiary to the effect of personal beau.
ty and character, are monstrous. Every
girl who dances gracefully should, in
speaking, show that she is of graceful and
winning nature. If she does if she is
silly and simpers you instinctively
feel that her movement is artificial ; that
it is the gift of the dancing school not a
grace of nature ; you have been deceived,
and it is never again a pleasure to watch
A cobler has just located himself at Spalding,
and attracts attention with the following address
outside bis shop :
"Surgery performed upon old boots and shoes,
by adding of feet, making good the legs, bind
ing the broken, healing the wounded, altering
,he constitution, and supporting the body with
! ncw 8oleB- No cure M PT- Advice gratlis
: on lh.e mo desperate cases." London U'eei.
Cincinnati. October 15. A fire broke
out in the Orphan Asylum in this city
last evening, and the whole building was