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0 / 75
0 v THE CAUOLLM WATTIUm. I
' ti on - l"r ypnr' 1 Dollars payable in J
; nrfijv '"j n),i ngid in advance, Two Dollars i
...rrf. . ' .1 i . -I I I.
"..rrf. "Jt ' ... . ' L I
1 -! rents V '
VxTs ii. trf,J " ' "or t,ie first, and 2j eta.
.r1711 'ftfr enct puk'1u',nlineriion. Courtorders
ri '"j1 r C(iii. higher than these rales. A lib
Urf i!,nn to ibo v who advertise by the year.
ru ... (.Mifor must be post paid
f - . i ur u'"-
"n for the Ululated Family Friend.
or ir. -tff
ntur n " pan"--UBeIc" rrow,
Mf ,he j"3' l',at " l0"tJay
j ,,i,ik-jrhajm a bright " to-morrow,"
V,!I fbw t"cvin-s aJI uway.
fnrro'' come, not bright for trxe
Wukf to-tty" paw idly on,
VhiC' wkea lhrir eyM lhey c,o8e'
' Wheih'f iucecw bo near, or gone ;
Think of' w to","rro',l yulh,
Vh art Piarting oh bfe'n way,
lt y,ur act b" lm: ' trutfi
- u if " M u " t-4,ay-"
sjb:!? rfainir.; upon fame,
fnw, ii;iCt, H uch things ;
fj.it thu from tbec fur thy name,
Yuiu ihy .luily labor fpriujs.
y,,,, mrl fj)f:ulclh forth afar,
I,w l iiMi'rr iis place of birth ;)
T.li u i?!lU'" ,,'i0 a star
Xlif of "'f suuh of earth.
Tjiw wi re,y Lrin' hg "a'l
' ()f.waJ, to titm: who work ;
Oai't'iy actions but by reason,
' Xwth'ii thy duty shirk ;
nd l'n " t'-t,ay" an y a morrow,
hil! liiJJ' ii i" " the past,"
ra1 f'm" l',e cnrc wr w'"'niv,
J, d.Tctl from work at lust.
II ' I i II II I I is i 1 S t J ii i n II II i x i a .
Hipy A ; WATCH M A N
J. J. BRUNER,
Editor 4 Proprietor.
" Keep a check upon all vor
Do THIS, ASD LlBERTV IS SAFE."
Gen' I llarriton.
he could obf
,L , . 3fisinciorv answer
the important mti tt.nsvier lo
when he hH Jl.. T. and ne
nn nf , W"?. occasnaI indica
tions of impaired intellect'.
,r A shadow seemed to rise
xuuUf ,hur lhought8 ad turn toAearinesa1
AH bhMful hopes and sunny memories."
She was no lnnrvr .
tlie younir neon e of ih :..uu. : ,
I SCf .. "e. y. uncommon'
rr-'V cu useu ,n triumph over her
- r-.wW... UKr lamer thoucht
-i j .CH,uc uer lor sin, and her
! Hcp-mother said some cutting words a-
I fcl,hte. dSCe h" coct had brought
heart reminded her with the assurance
tfeat one false step in life might be
e 1. Thus was the lily broken in its bud
d ng beauty, and its delicate petals blight
e l by harsh winds. - b
J'?1 thi pressing atmos.
r-.u or neglect and worn: but fnrtn. I wac r" TrS"'?' cnok
n tieiy with less kRPrvn.ec t " . , , " s'5"eu, ana lell faint. 1 rW,
hkve doiiP. hrn.. .1" "r:r now what I did. I awoke nn rZ "
SALISBURY, N. C, THUTCTTp
DV L. MARIA CHILD.
TV ft.Ilftwtntj Ktory i founded upon facts whicli oc-
i J ....... lalti'T (tart I if llw oirr)itcn.U
hi 4iumi ' ; ". " -"'"mii century.
i, vm iiil'f't are utill in tho memory of many
"lUiabitaatswf '-'hester county, rennsylvunia.
AH summer long, he came Sunday af.
Iirnoon; and with him came moonljght
ilVsnd flute warblings, and tender
fhispcriRgs, and glances, such as steal
twav woman's heart. This was the
iry'.!afld of her young life She had
tmeUfy now into whose eves she could
szp, with all the deep tenderness of her
jl-jI, ard ask, "Do you love your ovvn
Thc-young man di J love, but not as she
;vedbim; lor hcr's was a richer nature
.iJ gave imorc than he could return. He'
f:companied her to )icr father's, and they
eregc&erally understood to be betroth
KJ. Hebadhot seen her brother William,
kthewas told a thousand affectionate
Srfcdotes.of his kind and good heart.
JVn'tJiey rcturnfd from the visit to the
Weadtfcey brought with them the
Mt blue bench marked W. and ff. Lizzy
proud of her genteel lover ; and the
fly drop whicli it novv ,seemcd possible
I add to her cup of happiness, was to
poduce him to William. But her bro
irrwasfarolf; and when thrf antumn
Jme.Jer betrothed announced the neces
W wg to a distant city, to establish
tali in business, h Wfts a b
fcrpartipg to both. The warmest letters
k ruuicoiu sunstitute for those happy
brsof mutual confidence; and after a
a. e, his letters became more brief and
IV f rl,VT' lhe yng man was
, jova,nto,el deeply; and among his
JoJ looking widow, with a small fortune,
nocariyevmced a preference for him.
M Prel;:r-ed, by a woman of any
t fab .If qunlaies, is what few men, even
01 thfact. and expe-
jceu,thrrgard to the most deligate
geptable ,noUe8 of expressing pre
'nit i " -m.r expres
rnakes-a widow equal to twenty
; cr women." Lizzy's lover was not
i;-8 aractrr. andhe was vain and
- j ill i iv i ii n i i) r r -i i . .
- iiiririore. mat
In those dais th
al between sentence and execution than
at present. The fatal day and hour loon
veZ n,d S"" " m from ?he g0
hev'sJ f Srmed i undand what
the said to her, and turned meekly to
obey their orders U.,T. V3 '.
vvhen he had ,SZ ' " ,.ne I dlv. Razed on the litilVM.,! uif L SM:
I she could safelf trUr secTetTtV 1" ! v H-W i, am
I 'U'.h!ar'.: s.he with a supped ! SriL. Vhe" ,he' o.'" "er no. a shod-
"..ci, as ir sue frp tk " r , i 1 -c'cu io co over Iipr. nn. hr. i.
,c sun paier.
whisper, as if sr:;r aPr
nivn l . r, auunu 01 h
- 'wivr, -t-te U1U It.
1 he father,' she replied. J
; Did you not know he meant to do it?'
He Ifllfl mo k i i
riCR nana mr. ct I . .. vuai Jit"
" u i n u aiiii ir cp a k; i i -
glass humr! on th wVli . ,Tm Pu'scs. His los r his fm li ' "
and as she raised her head, she saw the ff ,eVulJlIe r his death society has been
little curl that had received her mother's I i 'tf ,f activeand valuable mem
caresses arid trip firCt i,;,o . . i 0er- Ualetrh Stadnr,t
i rv i ill if ii'n i i . lt
t 1 w vrV. V 1 I I f I ,
a ookoI the most intense agony, she gave
DEATH OF RICHARn hivpc
We record, with feelings of regret the
death of the Hon R;k- u: J 5 . .
Mnn,u...r.. P . al h,s residence, on menial reie&rch : b. in.,-. "
1 llnZ i nn"nooP ,ast' art" protracted ! eal; instead of finding hV uh imV Tfc "S
illness, in about the Oflfh v r 1 il, , . '" u,,,m rbu' m
M lT. vji uu nirp.
r. Hinps rpnrconi.,i r.. .
Po. i" mru ior one term the "MW ,arge continenn i
Lidgecombe DistriAf ; tu t.L r mra . ,
I rr --"" iuc iuiu congress! """"'"""nKnown.
oftheUnited States. The, have however conferred gal lfi,,
nrr! V lS agenl,eman of "greeable man- i n ,ho- f"ow ,heir ,rack,.', Thev hare
ners good conversational powers, and was I f ff d Ph-"laWi.hed grea, foci Jf light,
characterized by generous and kindly irn- I Warn '9or9 of what ihey need
Dti spc IT c lc l- .. . . 1,11 no attemtf ... . . . . 7 .
.. r ' " eiu mem in attaining Tor.
ther discoveries And so e,ren,innru,
REV. E. F. ROCKWELL,
- rtor- or KATViAL KltXCE.
Delivered before the Board of Trxuleet of
Dandson College, August if '
Gentlemen of tiik Boaud or Thcstees.
T, . .. ,n AXR RESPECTED Al'DIEVCK
1 he field 0f phr.iral SoJ u...,
it comprehend, he U :na'",' ,or
i . uuiictsr, tor
veal ihistoman. and . . .
it under ,he domain 1
he prosecut.on o .hi,, much has
done bu, much remain, ,o he .ccomplK
Sublime, useful and brilliant discoveries hare
been mad by ,he laboriou, efior.., and the per
evennff dili2ence of ik ;f..-4 - r -r '
puing .k.-p.th or b.v;;.77;ndT,
menial rPiPil, . u... . . . "peri.
ne regions exn orpd fr,- .
Kri.r i Hiau rainer tnovrn
1" !IiC con,'rn, ,ie bejond-bow much
and give me snm. ml. T.. m ! a look of the most intens,
asked himfnr ." "VV"! Pul u'"en 1 j a loud ffroan. and hnrvinV k rll ' :5 l
' i -i i . """t-iuinK to suonort t ho i i ., j o mte in ner
, children, he wasanKry. and choke'd them r 'C" forwarl un lh of the
l L i . ....woo iua i ?sie WOUhJ
hkve done, before the brain was s.ul,ified
ana heart conp-pnl
.l ? lv rtme ana sor-
kJUC,lu longer showed much feel
Jg about anything, except the little blue
firit Every mm
r.. v i . trom household du
mes lying among the-bushps '
What is his namp nnA i
, ... urre uoes tie
.: t r . wv'" "wtn uouseno a au- 4 Uh don't act . r i
tips, she wou d retire to hnr liti i a- , k Ine 1 ouSht not to have
i . . uci utile room
abd seated on this bench, would read r'
iL fc Su 8 wn,cn rushed her lov
ing heart. She would not allow any per
sn to remove the bench from her bedside,
or to place a foot upon it. To such inan
imate objects does the poor human heart
cling m us desolation
Years past away monotonously with
Bhzabeth.; years of loneliness and labor
b me yoong men, attracted by her beau-'
tf. and emboldened by knowledge of her
vveakness, approached her with a famil
larity which th
r .l n , J 'k"" ui uairerv.
Lm their nroflifraov wc tnn w:i..
eq to Oe uan?erous tn r. f l ...
bhe turned coldly from them all, with feel-
Tv u,oi anu weariness.
When she was about twenty-three years
old, she went to Philadelphia, to do house
hold work for a family that wished to hire
her. Important .evenly followed this
change, but a veil of obscurity rests over
the causes that produced them. After
some' months residence in the city, her
health failed more and more, and she
returned to the country. She wasstill com
petent to discharge the lighter duties of
household labor, but she seemed to per
form them all mechanically, and with a
dpll stupor. After a time, it became ob
v ous that she would again be a mother.
When questioned, her answers were in
coherent and-contradictory. At last she
gave tnrth to twins. She wept when she
saw them ; but they seemed to have pow
ejvto withdraw her mind from its discon
solate wanderings. When they were a
fe months old, fshe expressed a wish
tcj see Philadelphia ; and a lad belonging
to the family where she had remained du
njng her illness, agreed to convey her part
of the way in a wagon. When they came
irjto the public road, she tolcihimshe could
Walk the rest of the waytand begged him
to return. He left her seated on a rock
npar a thick grove, nursing her babes.
Sjhe was calm and gentle, but abstracted
a usual. That was in the morning.
Where or how she spent the day was nev
ef known. Toward night she arrived in
Philadelphia, at the house where she had
formerlv lived: Sho sppmpd l'n PI' li o rr rrn n r
apd miserable : what few words she said
Were abrunt and unmRHnintr n nn nor .
I """ ..v uit Cl-
tijtudes and motions had the sluggish apa-
' "inic uucs lie
mauired ihp Krtu- o.
u . . .. u'"in. one eavp
h,rn a w,,d look of digress, and said-
' 3SK ,nc 1 ouSh' "0' to have
tsVfpr. f ,t l"r,"ure, mat ! njiuut s nnu inonons naa
8 serv ll ?i , ty K'rl who ,iveJ out I tiyof an insane person
"Mce, should bfpnmn . , I TVtl i. .. ,
l,C?'0mo oool and
ta t . ""V8 vcr- slow to bo
Ich d 'US',a,lJ Wl,e"- last, news
itt n".!?l-oll"e refused
ehimi ' . . camc not to vindi-i arrested, she gave herself up with the
&:ters Ti ' . . csed to answer her skme gloomy indifTerence that marked
. - ..ic poor deluded fT I r I ntvnla fall hpr QAtinnc QI-ia , rmmA L
The npYt dnv iHptp wao n,mn nflt
j ...v.v . uo u i uiiiui (llJWil L
. at two strangled infants had been found
iijt a grove on the road from Chester. Of
course this circumstance soon became
connected with her name. When she was
arrested, she gave herself up with the
i ", 41 e innr .! ...I- I . . u. . - . . "
comciomV ,uul" S,rl awoke to I all her actions. She denied having com
ttTerfti.n.i: ness ot her misery, and ! fitted ihe murder: but when asked who
,v keenly r' u'relchedness as s le supposed had done it, she sometimes
"'Hiamihad pro n5Uurts can sufrer- s mddered and said nothing, sometimes
hiheh. 'r to come and see I said she did not know, and sometimes an-
Van h . ,,or.llle win,". and her
tAi . w"h Peasant and
" ww ' f uuu tJUliJ V I I UJUO CI 11
skyered that the children were still living.
7l i . . . . .
ynen conveyea to prison, she asked for
pjen and ink ; and in a short letter rudely
pjenned, she begged William to come to
fitarned intnZ ambled, and its 1 her, and to bring from her bed room the
r'or!aken- anT 10 was cast 'I1116 t,,ue beh they used to sit upon in
toni A shJ a,S' llm,1 was not the the happy days of childhood. He came
rful brother s ( V he neck of her a.t once, and long did the affectionate
44tthere was' sn $ r lhc firsttime, j cpuple stand locked in each others arms.
1 1 him "O,net0ing she Conld nnt '(SShhinpr. and ivifhnnt tho r.,w,n t cnnU
it vas not until the second interview that
hjer brother could -summon courage to ask
Jrhether she really committed the crime
qf which she was accused.
Oh no, William7 she replied, 'you could
not suppose I did.'
lou must indeed have dreadfully
I i ' 1 Uf! uiidi.i e i -
r" 6e ,1,. 1 '"'r fetched
J' T 'Zr7 He,pitied
k ' 11 .h." was no con-
tht h, : T 'M't earnestly did
xin.J J. f"'1 round With the
"?n. he o , "unu so me' must
If SSrS'bnt hnlf '
V'" I ' mve,b" 'o her, who
ll"rl, 11 alon in the wide
CUJ' c r r' SUnlf uf the con-
I i, r slile o1 gloomy
"difference, snn h.i.r.
i" in . " ' """'iu wurr the 'lou
rre hot h poor 3 Ve' ,5ut thpy I Ranged, dear Lizzy,' said he5; for you
Psts of th u' tenets the ; used to have a heart that could not hurt
I T &nr rl in n t ft 1 1 a l- a n a 1 ' oVim a r - m
d. but never wanted to harm anything.'
Hp tnnh h
, , r-j - v
the emaciated fingers, and after a strong
effort to control his emotions, he said, in a
siubdued voice, ' Lizzy, dear, can you tell
me who drd do it V
She started at him with a wild, intense
i;aze, that made him shudder. Then look
ing fearfully toward the door, she said in
a strange muffled whisper5, Did what?'
Poor William bowed his head over the
li. - .1 ,L. 1. UIJ : L.: ' . .
-liiauu turn nc uciu in uis own, ana vvepi
i:i t!u .
ine a cnna.
During various successive interviews,
k id r" ; "le:?' e oomy
..... v., .
' CTS ff n.irkC fe"ces and busy
to H-... . .ncu to her ton n..f..i r.
lVVhrth to At last. She
inerownlifr;: 'n an:'.foralong
uuieu in the balance.
Km t. i r . "poor sinner.
I3ut every body desert,! m . u
was very co,d;, had 7body;o;Vrd
he was very kind to me.'
thCrBU sr'1116 his name rged the bro
nl'A T ,nto slrange. mad laugh,
picked nervously at the handkerchief she
H N her?hand' and repeated, idiotical
ly. Aame? name ? I gUeSs the babies
are alive now. I don't know-I don't
know but I guess they are.'
To the lawyer she would say nothing
except to deny that she committed the
murder. All their exertions could wrin "
irom ner nothing
story she had briefly told her brother.
During her trial, the expression of her
countenance was stupid and vacant. At
times she would drum on the railing be
fore her and starp round on the? crowd
with a bewildered look, as if unconscious
where she was. The deranged state of
her mind was strongly urged by her law
yer ; but his opponent replied that all this
might be assumed. To the story she had
told in prison, it was answered, that her
not telling: of her mnrtU of tu-
made her a accomplice After the u$u
al display of legal ingenuity on both sides,
the jury brought her in guilty of murder,
and the poor forlorn creature was sen
tenced to be hung at Chester.
The wretched brother was stunned by
the blow that at first he could hot collect
his thoughts. But it soon occurred to him,
that the terrible d onm mirrht c- ; 1 1 U
! , ,c , o" oiin uc ar
rested, it the case r.nnld h K
aDly betore the covemnr a r:,: :
accordingly drawn up, setting forth the
w..v..t.uu ui ine minu to which she had
been subjected, in consequence of fits, and
the the extreme doubtfulness whether she
committed the murder. Her youth, her
beauty, the severe sorrows of life, and the
obviously impaired state of hef reason,
touched many hearts, and the petition was
rapidly signed. When William went to
her cell to bid her adieu, he tried to cheer
uer wun tbe hope of pardon. She listen
ed with listless apathy. But when he
pressed her hand, and with a mournful
smile, said, " Good bye. dear Lizzy; I
shall come back soon, and I hope with
gjood news,"' she pointed tearfully to the
little blue bench, and said, "Let what
vyill happen, Willie, take care of Mai, for
my sake." He answered with a choked
voice ; and he turned away, the tears
flowed fast down his manly cheeks. She
listened to the echoes of his steps, and
vVhen she could hear them no longer, she
threw herself on the floor, laid her head
down on the little blue bench, kissed the
letters carved upon it, and sobbed as she
liad hot sobbed since she was first desert
ed by her false lover. -When the jailor
vjvent in to carry her supper, he found
her asleep thus: rich masses of her
glossy brown hair fell over her pale but
still lovely face, on which rested a serene
smile, as if she were happy in her dreams.
He stood and gazed upon her, and his
hard hand brushed away a tear. Some
motion that he made disturbed her slum
ber. She opened her eyes, from which
there beamed for a moment a rational and
happy expression, as she said 44 1 was out
in the woods behind the house, holding my
little apron to catch the nuts that Willie
threw down. Mother smiled at me from
a blue place between two clouds, and
$aid, Come to me, my child."
; The next day a clergyman came to see
her. He spoke of the penalty for sin, and
fhe duty of being resigned to the demands
bf justice. She heard his words as a mo
ther hears street sounds when she is watch
ing a dying babe. They conveyed to her
ho import. When asked if she repented
bf her sins, she said she had been a weak,
jerring creature, and she hoped that she
was penitent ; but that she never commit
ted the murder
I 'Are you resigned to die, if a pardon
should not be obtained V he asked,
j ' Oh, yes, she replied, '1 want to die.'
j He prayed with her in a spirit of real
human love; and this soothed her heart.
jShe spoke seldom after her brother's de
parture ; and often she did not appear to
bear when she was spoken to. She sat
on the little blue bench, gazing vacantly
on the floor, like one already out of the
Poor William had worked with a des
perate energy of despair ; and the govern
or, after a brief Hpat. i ,
1 Pnt ; ,u i &'mucu a paraon.
j but in those days the facilities for travel-
B "e,c iUW ; anu it happened that the
country was inundated with heavy rains,
-ujwuere impeded his progress
Hp Ctnnnn.l . I , . r o
Samuel Flemmixg, formerly of Vanrey
county, but more recenily of McDowell was
shot dead by W. W. Avekv, E.q.t in ,he Co,"
( iX ?,07an,on' 00 Tuesday evening,
(11th inst.,) of last week.
We arc indebted to the kindness ohhe Pom
master at Morganton for most of the follow!
Flemmi.no entered the Court House about
4 o clock, and Avrnv lfmo,i:.i.. i.
towards him, presented a pit0 and fired ; the
He stopped neiThVr lb? Io, T o H Z . T, ? '
hindeTlT fldS a"d br0ke" road ,h, h- lh. lo,' r of LTaM
n"dh. Cd.h.,S,.t,rgr- Wl,en he came to "d fell and expired in ! ,J ZmlZ'.
-a.u.y v,reeK which was usually forda-
hip If l.'m. c II . .J
3 auuen ioo nigh to be cross
ed, and it was sometime before a boat
could be obtained. In an agony of mind
he pressed onward, till his horse fell dead
under him. Half frantic, he begged for
another at any price-mounted, and rode
furiously. From the top of a hill he saw
a crowd assembled round the place of ex
ecution. He waved his handkerchief
he shouted-he screamed ; but, in the ex
citement of the moment, he was not heard
or noticed. All eyes were fastened on the
gallows ; and soon the awful object came
...... u.auwu vision, rather of mercies'
there are women's garments floating in
the air ! There is a struggling, a quiver
ingand all is still.
With a shriek that pierced the ears of
the multitude, the desperate rider plunged
forward. His horse fell under him, and,
shouting A pardon a pardon !" he roll
ed senseless on the ground. He came too
OL . V UUUHPPy Elizabeth was dead,
ohe had gone to
" Him who made the heart,
And who alone decidedly can try it
Then at tho balance let's be mute'
We never can adjust it
What's (Zone, we partly may compute,
liut knbw not what's resisted."
Pale as a ghost, with hair suddenly
whitened by excess of anguish, the wretch
ed brother bent over the corpse of that
beautiful sister whom he had loved so
well. They spoke to him of resignation
to Gods will. He answered not for it
was not clear to him that the cruelty of
man is the will of diul PoA,ni.. i
tenderly he cut from that fair brow
the favorite little curl, twined about
with so many sacred memories, and once
a source of girlish, innocent joy to the
yearning heart that slept do calmly now.
He took the little bench! from its cold
corner in the prison, and, gathering togeth
er his small personal property, he retired
to a lonely cave in Dauphin county. He
shunned all intercourse with his fellow
men, and, when spoken to, answered brief-
1 J a1'" auieiiiiiiy. j nere ne died a few
years ago, at an advanced age. H
iciiicuiucicu i ii ine region round a
UOUl, as WILLIAM, THE H ERMIT.
Avery immediately surrendered himself m.U
civil authorities and was conveyed lo jii
m' SeSsin al ,he ,ime he has prob'
ahly Had hit trial before now, and we hope to
fiV6 'J'Ve ,he re8,,1, in a postscript.
Ie difficulty which has led lo this result
ha its origin at McDowell Court, some ihree
tfeeks ago. Mr. Averv. as a lawyer, made
some remarks in-'the Court House- which
t-LEMMiNc. construed as reflecting upon his
character. After the adjournment of Court, as
Avery was passing Irom ihe Court House to
his room Flemming attacked him with a cow
hide. Avery was unarmed and unprepared
lor the attack, having on his overcoat at the
time ; but ho struck Flemming wi.h his fit
and knocked him partly down, when he fF.)
picked up a rock with which he struck Avery
in or about the eye. " Soon after this they were
seperated, and as A. passed on to his room F.
cursed h.m and lold him he would hht him
with " any thing, from the point of a pe'n-knife
to the mouth of a cannon." The panics met
no more until Tuesday evening of Ut week
when Avery, as soon as he saw Flemming,'
advanced upon him and shot him deadHs above
n . , F;. was armed ith a Revolver, a
ow,e kn.le and a spear at the lime he was
Killed. He had evidently gone to iMorganion
expectmg a rencontre, and probably determined
to kill or be killed Mountain Banner.
m contribution to ihp sirt.L i i i
. v.. iuiii in rviinwruf'p:
enlarges the world of mind-Jai universe that
lien n uh.n the grasp ol human thought. Thus
jn.s great circle of sciences, indissolublr joined,
knows no rest. Their law- 9 pro2reLheir
mono conquest ()ur view expands, and ,ha
s'and po,nt ol to-day may be far in the rear to
morrow. And it cannot bo uninteresting to ,op here
loi -a few moments and, from that eicvaiion in
h.ch the present generation has been carried
io look around us in various directions, and sur.
ey the ground already travelled over. We
will consider this poim of space a, our start
S Pint. And what are some of ihe nreat
rerelanons made by science which have open
ed new viu i ... i . . .
, - mau anu cn.argeu toe range of
human thought ?
tirst, let us notice something around and
oeiow us. I here is no great aodgeneral truth
more important in its bearing onthe whole sci
ence of Chemistry, than ibat of Definite Propor
ons, ,n the ingredient, of compound bodies.
In fact, Mr. Habbage say, that Dal.on's theory
on tbls subject, first exalted Chemistry into ih
rank ol a sc.ence. We now know eve
substance in nature, not an element i, compos,
ed of certain elements in invar iaUe. proportion,.
U e sen .hat the Great Author of Nature has
followed a certain order and ruUin the creation
of he world, and the organization of matter.
hen we decompose the simplest fragment of
matter, we see evidence of that mind that hath
wisdom: we revere ihe work of Cod.
And what shall we say fr,her when we look
in ihe same direction, and following the lead of
the celebrated hrenberg with hi, powerful
microscope, we almost discover elementary
molecules endowed with vitality?
Here is anew world opened beneath our
tet ; vast in extent, and as astonishing, both lor
muh.tude and the minotencss of its inhabitant.,
as can well be imagined. I, could scarcely ex
nte greater wonder if the globe itself had been
penetrated toils centre, and there had been
found an interior world with its own central Iu.
" w,in IU own race, u( anima,s j
Who could have imarrined all matter quick
wnh livmg being Who can teJL" how deep
progressive life mav po."1 ;f....:
Seven Hundred Cannon at one Depot in Bos I ,.cu,lc are,"n(1 so small that 500,000.000
n IInrhn , . 1 OJ: 1 ol Ihem can find amnlrt .n- r... i
ton Harbor. For ihe defence of ibis port, and
... Bu,,,,j oi me united States steamers and
other vessels stationed here, or built, or to be
built in this quarter of ihe country, we are told
lhat there are deposited at the Navy Yard at
Charlestown, not less than seven hundred can
non. They are of the most approved model
and description known in million - l
each been thoroughly tested and proved 'by the !",g '' a!,imaIs u,'oud with animated
artillery officers and engineers of the (ln !,.CP.fantJ lbee no mc molecules
Cnvor.m.n.,! r..:. . cens, Out ner ert m iUr ..
liuo a. nnmner ol Ihem were i i ...niAauuii, aw
cast at the fi,undry at Soith Boston. sm- endowed with the power of muhi.-lication be
them cost S1400 each, if not more Were 4 nJ ""'y rue ibat the ' dusi
their average price, unmounted, not more than I " T"' nrC u!ive'' h is alive- AVrt
8300 each, the etnpnc l ' , , ' l,epd not resort '0 fi. tion fur stran-c thin-,. fr
raA eonnnnn ' . " uu,c w oulu i nil h is si ra n "e r. l-'.v,; r. ' ,
f rr. v- 'ui'-3 Hum i ne mind
ol man, but I ruth from the all comprehending
intellect. And who ran i..ll l...t i i. "
I the instruments of discovery are improved and
exceed 8200,000. Boston Atlas.
in a crop ol water? And wl,... r...:i
" "i i. uit lusjii (;.
mains ot cretaceous animals are found so small
hat 40 000.000,000 of ihem only occupy ihe
space of a cubic inch and these form vast beds
ol rocks both in this country and in Europe?'
Hhen the very ice of the Polar seas, and the
U9lors ik. i.
.a ,uC ot-ans, as well as the fluids of Jit.
mg healthy animals abound with animated ex.
DR. GRAHAM'S ANN1HILATOR.
Dr. Graham has been in our village
some days and has had a model of his
AnnIUMn. 1 '.I I I
miiiiiinaiur inaue wun wnicn he purno
Mississippi without a Governor. Tho. offices I t,,R
ot Governor President of the Senate, and Spea- i perfected in this direction, in the ame de-reo
ker nl thp llrtn
i lew , , M""ri"iit;5, navmg '" ' " m me onrosile, wc 'nav la
u , become vacant, the Secretary of State of Mi! i to discern the ultimate :..:.
lid a"- ! ,M,PP' has 'sued hi proclamation calling the ! a,1,i count out the panicle, .hat en er into any
vWBvv iui.ii r 1111 I P .ltn inaf t k 11 f lliflT t I Hl1 V. . . l .1 -
itm c i T ' ,,,a' : r"-... .iiuun uioy are ,n weight and s za
dent thereof mav ho rU.-.n i .. mannm,. ,i.t i
j ,, ,u criiie me
ofhee of Governor until the first day of January
Mississippi thus presents the singular spec
tacle of being without a Governor till the Sen-
ate shall meet on the 21th and ln n n
d w i irsr
Put. Gov. GlION. Who enrrAPiloil in ik . (
. v- v. u,c . .
rice, as President of the Senate, on the rena-
anu count out the panicles that en
inapprccialjle bv anv iiiiriimni. n i
- J J ....... 111 F Vi lli J
Aii.l when we look at ihe progress of analy.
j sis unai do we see ? The anciertu made but
. lour elements : Air. Farth, Fire and Water.
; I5ut how great lhc advance made upon that,
j when now we. have fifty-six elements when
! more powerful instruments of research aro
, brought into use, to separate elemiis in sub
j stances that before were Tnrt 9.i),.n,..l,..
, ...cury ; especia liy since. Divy at the
i.i.i.ii- oi i ne cenrurv took the lead
.... .i. i . .
ses visiting Washington soon to uree his ' . ' V Peside"1 of ,he Se"ate, on the re.i,
claim for a patent. We have seen the i , , J-'.ITMAX' has 90 construed the
model, which is made of tin, and is quite ' IV ,T h' Vtrm ' ffice ' expire wilh
simple in its construction. t'hougVVe do ! f. 1 : SV
iii i . i . ; tin ui me present month. nnf i""Z i me centurv inr.L- iK i
.-.kc .1 ii .. 1 , "'"4.- "iimks me inierregnnm wi orougiu into p v than former a"e
tubes and other pieces, and the machine : produce much coon. -Charleston Courier. '' U alchemist,, dreamed of
IS complete jT The hardest oiids. even those most proverb.
. Ihe Doctor says that he can project) RAIL ROAD ACCIDENT. ; fur ir hard:,..s a, granite and adamant,
the gas from his machine to an ordinary Wp lparn rm ,,o n, , , , ' can now l,e resolved into invisible and
height, whereas that of Phillips only pe i ' ppT S'S." tad i " f 7
mils it to escape. By means of cocks he : OI1 Friday evenin- ast A?,hn , , maMer' aml ,h mo?t fl,i', can be con.
can also regulate the quantity of gas, or wasa abou" ' 7 'ft' ' the real
shut off entirely He thinks that with a i 17 miles bdow Aiken, the boiled of The oco ' ' . ' r , ,
few of his Annihilators he could have : motive James L. Petiru einUled killing tn . C -' a.n', ,!'" ana,...n2 and com.
quenched the flames of Moscow in 15 min- ! stanlly, ,t is supposed, the engineer and hiwo 1 2 lu " ' f'l,,Prior !o a!l
..r.nm tU ...u v i i I-.1 1 . o'--r anu nis two jecl matter, however atten-iati-d r,r rfwH
u.uuiii me nine wucii iapoieon view- ; assi'iaois, ueing ine oniv persons present t he ; ;.
uics irom me lime wnen iNapoIeon view- ; assistants, being the only persons present. The
ed it and pronounced it the grandest sight engineer, Mr. Scholle, has always sustained a
he ever beheld. j reputation for sobriety and steadiness, and has
The arlvntairpc rf T dn n r
.. - .--r, v. u i . wi,nn.i.ii a Wirt-
chine over that of Philips' are many and
important. It is more simple in its con
struction, will project the gas, regulate
the quanitity, and, he says, will extin
guish fire, which Philips', we see, will not.
We trust the Doctor will realize his most
sangnine expectations and the world be
proportionably benfitted. Moun. Ban.
been twelve or thirteen venm in iK
ment of the company. Camden Journal.
OCr The Wilmington Journal learns from
! Mr. Fleming, the Resident Engineer of the
Wilmington and Manchester Rail Itoad, that
' on the 12ih inst., a section of about ten miles
on ihe Soutb-Carolina end of the road was
(opened fir freight and travel. The laying of
i the iron is said to be progressing with consid.
kt y , .
ciaujc mpiuiiy. i,amaen Journal.
TK 'Rptt loK mail cf on m cnir. n,ni7
- M w iy. .viou 111.41 I OttCklU SUII VUIIUUU
that should have left Liverpool on the 1st Tl m " ,T ,
inst. for Halifax. left that port on the 28th I ii""!"1 rumored m. ington that
i c at tt i .1 , '"r "lBn:u is soon to re ire Irom ihe Cab -
ult. for New-York, where she arrived on n-, .u., r rr-Tr..- ,k V
o j .. .L is , .. ) ne'. nat .Mr. C ri rTENDEX, the present Attor-
Sunday morning, with the Africa S mail I ney General, i, .o.ake Mr. Webster's place
and passengers. The Baltic, however, ar- ; as Secretary of State, and that Ritus Cho vtk
rived the same morning brought four days I is to be Attorney General.
rived the same morning brought four days
later intelligence. At the latest accounts
rope rius was dangerously ill, and rumors
were current that be was dead. Austria
denies the right of France and England
to interfere in the Germanic confederation.
spiiit that moves our tower. ran nt.Mml...
d"epet arcana of nature, and interpret her pro
Lnt another Davy ari-e : It mantle of
Sir Humphrey fill upon one non- born ; lei
ome ol the old ch-mi?s return, and with ihe
improvemr-nt rnide ince they !ept irj death,
let them run their race ar.ew, and what mi"ht
we no: expect ? Some, yea, manr ofthoseub.
stances now reckoned elementary, might be
again resolved. And what limits "shall we put
lo inventive genius, when we see ihe god of
light, ihe real Apollo, at ihe bidding ot' man em
ployed to paint miniatures; dipping hit pencil
in his own liquid li2hi. and forming images to
the lile, beyond all human skill ?
When we see the whole country, not to say
ihe whole clole, connected lojelher with a vast
net. work of metallic nerve, and thee trembling
wnh ihe passage of sensations, carrying ihoughlf
on Ihe lightning' wing and with ibe speed al-
. i i :. . i . J. i . . . .
musi ui iini ;T wnen this wonderM and mys-
is to be Attorney General.
Everv human beinc bn t--.,lr 1
ryon within: duties to perform abroad ; ; He.on VwU'313- L""h"
influences to exert, which are peculiarly , ItT. r,nt esnm-v ,n a. the remits,
his, and which no conscience but his own ie-000-13.rK1 " i .,-.i"Hira;!Pfr for the P!
Can teach. ! f ?" f r,ertric,''v OVff rc ; a grrvr velocity had
: brrn aij-rifj br'.ore .