. il L iii i
. ....nr. Tivu Diii.i in-;-rV:ivnliiV
....t MM V U ' " - " " I " J "
f, r ",Vl'r! J;,,! , nut pntcl in advance, 'iVo Dol.'urs
$' u rir J ut l-for I he first . and'2't els.
',"" . f r!l'h ulrwquent insertion
Tts -rV TT n W r- . " -' " '
i ( . 1 .1 . Al l.
fK-r (tit. hinrr witJI tnrse rairs. uu
f ' . 10 tlit).e who advertise oy me year.
,-ni trJ ni,,,,, iiiiisf he no.t naid.
iv,,,, i!ic l'ayca,-vi!!o Observer.
Ki-MCIins OF NOIITH
I J v Jo:i.v II. Wui-:i:lx:r, late;
tf S tn : Gpnllemcn
I . ' ihcoiijh th coiu nns of your valuaMe '
ty , (1 1 ha ii k t b v hr fthe l)oh bearing
lite. I"." 'ho miss of Siaiistiral and
' i -.i nutter nre.-e-nted to the citizens
n ( .ii i
iii-.ii. ' '
in ' Fin it tt Tr ' :. j-pL." '
" Keep A CHECK VPOX ALL YOUR PSf
i " ;
J.J. B RUNE It,
h;. :: :z'rz amon me of tbe
0 winmrium, (be Mattod
.....iimoin with ,he bone, of
omers a occupying ih
Iwo thousand feet.
o thickness of soma
THIS, A JtD LlBEKTT IS SAFE."
I'he D.nMitn -iiiarv Siati-lics em
.... i i ...
( j,n r. Ii.'.m'T s w.irli, lorrtl INchlel
t ' vnre, a" ' vve (' 'u,', "", 'l w" frequent.
,;'",.ui'e ;ac's a"(! ,, lU,s' at have hirh
' j cc,nri iiJ 111 I'if' hmeut, or ifinutricri.
Vrj!''eI- U t: 'I,,'l're'y hopjulhat every
t(l ,S :itt! W' ' Ir"'ure a copy, and
Mr. Wh'M'li'r nnv he h:iii(loni''ly renu-
7ay,lU)rt.i lal',r ol 'uVe ''halfof hU i
1 reiW. j
, fi im of C'limheiland conuiv, we de. 1
..yif-r hi ii '"" ili11" ''I Ihtt justice done
Vl l'"0 I 'll IT (iiuiruiru tt lirill (JO.
fi! ed such and 6uch bijrh offices ; and another
who wa. .wire justly honored wi.h the highest
office . ihe f ,fi ol our people gneered at
men of Mr. Wheeled ow, pary, oi 'much smal
Icr calibre, are bespattered with praise.
let wh these minorfmpei fections, the Cook
is one every North Carolinian should peruse,
or it con.a,n8 a vast amount Jf inf,niiion to
be found nowhere else. And .hi, i.-hih prai8e
faycttevnie, Mov. 21, 185l
C" THURSDAY, DECEMBER
VOLUME VIM-xuMBEK 31.
i oen xye come !o the secondarr.
cnaiK atid oallte. an.rnn. .V , . .
w f MVJ VIU
,,f tbii rem irk. by inserlinjrji copy of l
.',ffr'anJ A"'ci.iii"fi and a Declaration
. '.i.ni''',' Kovein its membe
'' :ru;j' I,,)',wtletice, which w
Z;ti rim. June -JOih, 1775.
HORRIBLE AND FATAL CALAMITY
FIFTY CHILDREN KILLED! AND '
rUR I Y-NJNE WOUNDED!
Otie of tho m? - ..
,t,.Jf : . r. "i'amg calamities
iuci, cvci v is fri hu
- v wui.
visited this city, occurred yesier-
ui me Dench of the Superior
fet,c wancriee ana ior-
Uf.ie.r" t' thaiiU him lor hia " lacts and
'' b'tiriti,: 'ti ihe life and character of
V .. t. I.I I '..- I I. .. .. . I!
f ,u K'"";" "inpiiinentary
I ,,iur, ! U'lliam Duffiy. Hon. IJ. IVter,
1 ,n. Ji"I',,ji'4 Talor, Hon. John 1). Too
1 1 '-ir.y, linn. Robert fciran''e,
I'" . I !' I .1 I II.... Il l) ... I
i , tifjcnuti ni'Miuin ii un. lyiiiuo joraan,
ihe Ward school house No. 20, in Green
v ic, avenue. We were upon thepot a
short t, me after the accident occurred, but
cannot convey to the reader any adequate
conception of the excitement and anguish
and deso alion nf th i-
"- '" "l "ruuinsr scene.
i .. i i . :i 1 1 w ro ti . .inn iimi
1 JUiil . ... .......
j b'lin. M a!l i'1 '
I. -"iit!;i,u,e fri'fti Tnwn and
;;,!)! 17'Jl t- Having done this,
t miv lh ,p'"rmi!ted to
W r. ..I. - .v uuiii" scene.
il v children, or upward, were' killed, and
'uitMime were mnrn nr -ceo
. Can)''rou. and Hon. James C. woundnd. There vvprp 1 rq
Mvrolwrs lo both sews, in .ho school .heTme ' o
voiHuy i,om whom about six hund
The school house is a 1
brick building, the baJrnr WnvJi
with the street and forming in fact a flag,
ged playground for the children, the build
ng being so constructed that the children
u" J e,,ner m tbe open yard.
Inr '.no lo, .m.l .1 .1 .J
1 . . I
leu to nay, trial on
j ,.;on to thoe ju3t named vo cannot account
j :,'oir.hiu.i of several other prominent and
j.n'mon of, the county; though I prestmie
J, : ry ol -tcli men as' John L'av, Vm. Car
4 drove, Cilin tJhaw, John Winslo-.v, and
I 1 . .. I .1 1 ... : 1 1 .. . 1
ii'i'i '1(J " io. win noi oe eniirely
i ,f 1 j ( 'v. jam, or run
irUked l the Historian, but are reserved ;"r e Her underneath the school house
i .1 ,'4;.;.. I hi' fV-kiin rt,. 1
AVMr. Wbpkr, in Ii'm lotroduciion, says
ffJI creftil lor any correction of cr.
Jm, or any otHision supplied." vve lake the
' i lf s.i)in h) i. incorrect when he savs,
.r enilrt or Campbelliowu was settled in
...!. ' 4t was i:ror ior a! ed in 17G2. but was
l J ia 17TJ, by those colonists under Neal
fpokeu of in paii li.r0.
I la fact ttiA land upon which Fayelleville
H Mind wai patented in 17C2 and 17J5,
. ii now -known a the Russell and Shaw
Vr.. U'lirelor Tomfnences his cbapter on
iiherland county hy s;(vin :
J-Cuniherl.util coun'v was fortired in 17,"1
-;.V upper part ofULn'oi ; dciives i9 na;re
Uiht' ul ( ufri'ieiland. at that
1':W'raa o.itrc o''rrr in .t.,
witirue an a'-i w.m passed in the Col-
iiamiv, even in this
-Ni.iiure in 17.VJ. lor f.uinitnr a C(iuniv
niTr !ut of niii-leii l,v Un 'c
j ' "m. ilium- ui
j.ierijm) ct.uiny ah.l 2S. David's H;ish ;
iu the act contained a clause or clauses'
H'enbr his Majesty, it was repealed in
f VanJ declared i,i,. Hut ihe King hav.
l.-vpnh's n-ei, ;i, au'hoiized the Cov.
I nod.i ilif m,,,'. i,e counly was le-estab.
i iiu l-7.Vi.hy ihe italic of Cumberland
ti f end .Si. David's I'aiMi.
h) fay ihe reason why the King ob.
f to the Umaiioii of ihe county in 175-1
pwtMlha citizens desired it to be called
' other name than Cumberland Dut it
ia yermined by the Kis j(, council.
tV't " M)t. called - Cumberland:
f "' lt v.jii(j,,,sheil
' 'il tlflol
f . ftf.il.t we did ma t ! ? 1. 1
-."- I" 1 ..1 1 . neeier
" Ihe tlliliuiia Coi.nerte.l viiih
tii fi of each counly i f,e fcSture. neither
V'iUlie IliMonan of North Carolina
" leims ol commendation of a man,
t,i known in History as she ;fi.
-! "7J.W y;ac." I'rom Ihe battle ol
""! 1 10, ! the present lime.
'yu'1' earned -havoc, anfi bloodshed.
'e li;'lulextrcmiMes ol war, into the
w cluefiabi, and iho cabin of ihe
''"'V H.read ruin an.I isolalion
- 4 "ee. gallant, and warm-ha. te,J
! only cninc wuS loyally to their le-
S' n'T tn',n "a"d childrm whose
f and b.oibrrs had n i ,
t- ,rV- 'l Wn ,,,m,rd Hio ground,
r " "u,,s!f; d at i o.t
, .-"a were
.ww. uUUia uuove are reached bv a
Winding, or what is technically called a
wen staircase, the bottom of ih-n
r terminus of the stairnM k;n
e llajjired odr rf ih k... 6 V
j , . .. uiuciii, ana a-
rui.ini Veei S(luare n extent. It vvasbv
prec.p.tai.on into this, well that so many
yt the children were killed, many of them
rv sullocaj ion alone.
Miss Harrison, one of the teachers of
the female department, who had been for
soma days indisposed, was seized with
H.nung. and a call for water was raised
hy some of the children near her The
cry lor -.water" seems to have given rise
U the idea Jhat something ha.l Mn,h
fire, and this, alarm spread so rapidly that
before- any pre vein ive measures could be
taken, ibfe'tnain body of the scholars rush
ed toward the door, and a scene of indes
cribable confusion and honor succeeded.
. his department was in the third story
its elevation from the flagged floor being
Jn the rush some children were forced
over tbe banister of the stair case, and
all-ng upon the flags below, were man
gird and instantly killed. The panic
spread also through the other departments
ol the school, including the male depart
ment on the fourth floor, and under this
augmented pressure the balustrades from
the loot to a point above the second story
gave way or were forced out. and the chti
dien as they eagerly rushed forward wcie
instantly precipitated into the well of the
stair case, the uppermost smothering or
suilocaling those who lay beneath. Be
fore ihe cune'nt could be arrested, tbe well
was filled wilh the bodies of childtcn lo
the depth of about eight feet.
At this juncture the alarm reached the
Ninth Ward station iiouse, the fire bell
was rung, and a detachment of the police
hurried to the scene. Here a new diffi
culty presented itself. The afternoon ses
sion of the school having commenced, the
main outer doors, which open upon the foot
of the stairs, had been closed. Against
these theaffrighted children were wedged
jn masses, and as the doors open inward
it was some time before relief could be
given them. The police fortunately ef
fected an entrance by a rear door, but for
81"jH-d of their clothes and 1 wmcn timely help probabfy many more of
tbe children would have been suffocated.
Much commendation is due to the teach
ers for their presence of mind. MissMc
Farland. one of the assistants in the prim
ary department, finding the children of bnr
ed his victims ' department becoming- alarmed, placed
i al"r Scon rhi t i. I nerseii in tne doorway, and exerted her ut
r '-trW TT?. C0 vct most slrongth'lo- arrest them as they en- !
: ao blood uhini, , , xruravoieu to ruMi uom ine room, anu al- i
, " cr , ioso miserable: V M "V c .Ml 'c,a,au J" l. '
y'V maimed Rt,d esm.in.r
l 1 miir. .... i n
1 ,m . ... r l-weilul
'l h t I-
The general aspect of affairs in oorcitv
has not changed since our las-. althouLh
some movements have taken place whteh
areofconsiderahl. ; f iacewnich
mbniiv ti, " ipuiidiice to our com
munil). The principal of these, the re.
signanons of Judge Bennett of the S
Preme, and Judge Parsons of the ofstHct
Court of the fourth Judicial district he
M CUn,y Clerkship benveen
fhfT;'5"" a.nd Wainrigf , and for
. uu me a,tculties attend
u rgamzaton of the Court of Ses
s.ons, have been spoken of in our general
ry. The tther items of intelfigence
with one or two exceptions, are of but mi
twt urlKer Ln bur cily durine thest
w weeks, has been delightfu!-the cold,
ure subsided, and a succession of fine
warm days, and pleasant nights having
set in. Several showersof rain have fait
en, forerunners of the torrents which we
may expect during the months of Decem
ber, January and February.
The health of the city has been, as usu
J. gooaj and a great portion even of
hose who have been lying ill here, have
cun mooring under dise
m the upper country.
building is still going on rapidly. A
large number of fine brick buildings have
been recently finished, or are in process
ol erection, while several others, vve un
clerstand, are under contract. When the
rainy season sets in, brick building will
be suspended. at least to a great degree.
uui as soon as the sprin
he was decently dressed. looked fresh and
neattby, and I saw him have
r""-V,- H Joined The Sons
ur la mou.hs haJ
u0. ,b ".I!'?" . Sf.ent o ele nev and
u aiicijueu lO DIS DUSI
neSS. 1 bis. - rnn
tinued the nlH
foV "i'au, ueciued me to
ry the plan. We had often got drunk
ogether, and neither of us made any thin
by it ; and when I saw him
T . . t"-pciiu
cinjjcrance man l thou
Hovy plainly is seen the force of exam
pi in ine
REV. E. F. ROCKWELL,
PHO S901l o, X ATl'RAL SCIENCE.
Delivered before the Board of Trustees
Davidson College, August 13, 1 'ol
ght I would do rchi, all ,be .Z1':''
'i. br0 a,a ,(,:. ' . : ' "t":""a r'y
I 1113 Jl 1 Kl H in li.k.t
- ....... -
Hnililnna Jl.. J ...
.v,.v, vk,w., uown io Ihe .I.,. n
m-Morio- ,ome eight mile, th.Vk. nA i.n "r
no.l .nterestin. organic remain,. Here.r.
ibe feaunan rep.ile., and the Iguanodon : here
many eX1,cl .imaU bare feft their track., and
" dr?,,f I3'0 made ,heir Io Ibe
centred ih. forma.ion we pa., through ihoso
rnmense bed, of coal whib are now ToTalo.
' ' hrrs 7lr ,bat we find
' " .'h ,he.0,.d red "toue. which owe
- ...uu o u2n .Mierfor rerealin them lo
Si T,b Cba,-P. Inche,
u . ?eS,ecl lu 'neution a, we paeL
of ih! f r We' di. the last
ol Ibe Mammalia that we ,ee, i, that old ic
qua.nt.nce of all of ,be Oponum. which
appear, on the globe, the earlie.t oi hi. da...
All ibeie revelation, of Seolo2J from ibe bow
eis oftbe earth, are as astonishing as ibe brin.
lbt the cities of He.culaneum .ml
j k m mi 1 1 -
unrr remaining in ibe grae 1700
n?" Veak vear or the raiting of ancient E-rpt and
" uc P(JI 1(1 ri.L' a . 1
our r,,n ..vr umiioieu unce
"'o ; ine tirr...- . i
wiivi i i iuc
1 limp it ..K k , i
I "- uas maae in its
me si"n3 on ih
otun races n h
a i i.
! 'if'.. I
"whack, for ihe amuse.
t ' iit iu ('i ii'itii - i .
1itb Ii. ... . h'' aml ln "n0 install.
opens, it will
recommence with, according to present
-j'oiaimes, renewed vigor.
Rents still continue high, when compar
ed vvjth the amount of capital invested in
buildings .although ruling much lower
than they formerly did. Houses are rent
ed as soon as erected, particularly in the
immediate proximity of the plank streets.
I he mania for dueling seems to have
subsided m a great measure, only one af
fair of the kind having been attempted
since the sailing of the last steamer. The
parties were two gentlemen engaged in
the Custom House, and a meeting was
arranged at Benicia. One of the parties
was, however, bound over to keep the
peace after the other had left for th nr..
pointed spotso the projected affair did
not come off." Tbe final result was, as
vve learn, that the gentleman who kept
the appointment, inflicted a horsewhip
ping upon the party who did not make his
appearance at the time and place agreed
An unfortunate man, a Scotchman, nam
ed Mackintosh, died a day or two since
from the effects of drinking four bottles of
brandy. His body was lound in a va
cant lot, his face having been in a great
measure eaten uif by the rats.
The body of a Mexican, name.d San
Niguel, was discovered lying on the North
Beach, a few nights ago, penetrated with
no Jess than twenty-six wounds ! When
discovered, he was lying in a spot to which
he bad been apparently carried, stretched
on his back, with a great-coat drawn over
his face. Considerable excitement was
aroused by the account of his murder, and
for some lime conjecture was at fault re
garding the manner ol his death. After
a careful investigation, it was discovered
that he had had a difficulty with another
Mexican, named Marcelino, and that they
had avowed a determination lo settle it
by a personal rencontre. The probability
is that they fought wilh daggers, and that
San Miguel was overpowered and s)ain.
Th wounds, however, showed that the
murdered man bad been struck from be
hind, the wdu:;ds glancing downward.
They were evidently inflicted with a dirk.
The store of Mr. J. A. Stevens, on Bat-
'vii IJM I'. IitP lhrt.. . ft .
abov. V. h... i ... . l . I lmnn,im;, r:7, ,rrccora- "fad tbe ".vr.a trom the.r tombs.
- v n iu I if it r i i na ui iii r v r i i . -..
parties, and hvp on " . crii;,.n. .l . . ,y ' we scan he in
inJn.k. .i:" 4"m wauow- sotKi flckS, unmox
" apparently irreclaimable
victims of the tyrant. Intemperance: now
both are sober, steady, respectable mem
bers l ot society and likely to prosper.
both are men of intelligence and superior
education, good citizens and useful men
Let those who are opposing the Sons
reflect upon these facts ; and let not the
bons be discouraged. As long as we can
achieve such victories as these over the
powers of strong drink, we may well af
ford to bear, without murmuring, the a
buse of prejudice and ignorance'. Let us
right the old king himself, and not be
wasting our strength upon those who op
pose us through prejudice. Mountain
passage. We reH
be movement, of , he .bii:,2 U. j e. ,h,
ue epochs of time here. -Thu, , i7
llu loe llne ol lhe
uc.jear 4UU4, " U. C."f
rr r"'u li "e grand result?
vv u .. . i .
" , iuai ceo ticv
What do ue
rivil t, i.t.,... i
nsl rnnnm,, Jl ' "l, IllJU
neri J 7 u ' CndUCl US back hwuah a
period of about 6ix thousand vear. uhe,, the
P-sent order ol thing, wa, e9!ablished n
. " - " ... Pll--M.CI1'rt . .
- --v..i- vrttf ra un
Al If fi Tt K hnu-.ra. . - 1
. f ' """""i wo c$cena, we pas.
beneath all veeiation, first, thf ferns, and ibe
coolers : and then we take leave of the lowest
l-'rms of an.mal organir.tion, al the ba.e of
ine ,o..,l,,erpui rocks, about ten mile, from ibe
suiUre. and in the shape of zoophyte., and
cru.tacea. And ihi. i. eh her Iho iauUbrnff
point of all orgaoiwtion, or tbe form. eiutinS
belore. were loo trail to be preserted ; or ebe
ibe lower, and primary rocks hare been .uh!
jec.edioohhadegree-of beat a. to de.troy
EXECUTION OF BEVERLY RASH. j
This man convicted six months ao, of the I
murder of bis wile, was hung in the subu.bs of '
this town on Friday last, about the hour of .
twelve The ciimmal was attended lo the i
Sallows by the Cabarrus Gua.ds, commanded !
oy iapt. jjtougb.
There was an immense crowd present to
witness tbe execution. Before! being swung
off. tbe criminal made a short address ol about
five minutes. He said -he felt like savin
something to satisfy the curiosi.y oftbe spe'eta
tors that he had but a few minutes to live
that he had been a great sinner and was about
to suffer justly, but he was innocent of chokincr
hi. wife." Some," he said, "would believe
he had told a lie he could not alter their opin
ions, and whatever they might think would
make but little ditrerence, as it would neither
benefit or injure him ihe truth of what he had
said would only be known at the judgement
bar of Cod, where tbe secrets of all "hearts
would be made manifest." He further said,
"that he felt he had been regenerated, and
would be saved, not from any merit ol his own
but through the meditation of our Lord Jesus
Christ." After some conversation with the
Rev. Mr. Morrison, who attended him at his
request, and the Sheriff, he took a glass of wine
and a chew of tobacco with tbe utmost indifTer
ence, and in a few minutes was launched into
eternity ! He met his fate with as much cool
ness and equanimity as it he were onlv retiring
(o the repose of natural sleep. "
We have never before witnessed a public
execution, but it has been our lot to stand l.v
htbe bed of many, dying from disease, and we
ao not recollect ever lo have seen one, saint
or sinner, who exhibited s little fear and .n
much fortitude in grapplingviih the gri:n mon
ster. To hear a man under the gallows, wilh
the certainly of being, in a few moments, in
the presence of bis God, so positively assorting
his innocence and apjiarcnlu with so much
confidence trusting to a hope'of future happi
ness, cannot but excite in the minds of specia
tors a feeling of, doubt as lo his guilt. Such
w-as our feeling at the moment but yet all the
circumstances proved on the trial, lead irresist
ibly to tbe conclusion that Rash either commit,
ted the murder or was accessary before the fact,
having perhaps, procured it to be done.
As we remarked above, this is the first exe
cution we ever witnessed, and it slreny. hened
the opinion we have long entertained, that such
esbibilions have an unhealthy influence on pub
lic morality. The mixed multitude of men,
women and children, that surrounded the gal
lows on this occasion. looked on with as much
indifference as they would watch the antics of
;a "dandy jack" in a ring. AnoMo wind up the
frolic, many returned to town and got glorious
ly fuddled, (just the condition in which to com
mit crime.) and, we understand, there was
r-v.wu. i it' j ... .. .
'be globe. There hat TT ,5le ...si, of
rie "an 1 i i nl ljeen a" vernal
h i i Un " ancestors u jo,,, an end
but he man appeared, "lord of all;" bevond
lhat there are no lraces of hi eijle'nce
-unnn iK i Znuih remarks that,
upon the whole.no evidence has yet been
afforded bv ecology than V
,i . - "dn man existed on the
earth eariier ih:ifwl...:n . i. .. . . .
. lUK UVI, i ,
Here, so far as any dicoverie. bare been
made wa, the beginning of ,!e, but we must
descend through oiher layers of rock Wfore we
reach the granite foundation of the globe, which
a!o n,e. mto the highest mountains, and form.
he plar. of heaven. For secondary .-encie.
it would seem were at work, for MTO Con,,j.
erable period, before a surface was fitted to
susla.u vegetation. But at length we find bot
tom : rock, ol a crystalline structure, which is
a qnsi organization. And though we cannot
say that here is the birih of all time, tbe abso
lute beginning, yet we say tbal it is as near
the time of ibal creating act when God called
not ex.stmg. so ,hat they were, as .cience can
carry uj. 1 he globe mav have been in (..;a
snrict i' i
v. . . . a ii ii ill ih VPrv n v , . J ) .. r
p 'j -itni. "ii is one
oT Ibe results the most clearly proved ; a result
the more valuable, as it unites i an unbroken
cham natural and civil historv ;" and wo
peaking of causes now at workhe savs V
can , determine nearly the very momeni whenw
ihe.r aeon may be dated." The words of
Moses are more than confirmed, by .he mnu.
s lounci in the earth, and the record . on its
But when we reach the
man s nistorv and r.M
I'v 1 1 oci. 15.il (he bones ..f . . matter, hnilii.r V,....; r . ,
servort ;n o i -i u are pre- ; . ' mto lor afs uelora
nf ih V S eflually well with ibose "me ,or auSht w b now. Hut the Doiot
ot the mler.or animals. ; we have indicated, i, the Hartinfpoimt of an
iuvier says, " the establishment mc-, : I, whose operation we -j u
lQai aa me time or the Mosaic ere.
Hon, we have no mean, of measuring tbe in.
lerval. And yet it is found jn no
lhan by inserting it between ibe first and e.
cond verses ol tbe first chapter ol Geoesi..
And a. a certain writer remarks, .peaking of
geology, foundation, have been laid in ab.
solutely determined facts, and general result.,
which are real, settled inductive truth., which
no subsequent investigations can overthrow,
which in lact. can only be called in question,
on ground which if iroe, must overthrow, not
only geoh.gy, but all inductive science, wbate.
ver; lhat i, the whole extent of human know,
fdge : and render our reasoning facultie. ue
le.s; all philosophy a mere illusion."
Hut let us not suppose that though man wa.
not to till ihe ground: that God would want
praise, or lhat lhat period was spent for no use
m reference to man. The vast beds of coal
1U0 feel thick : the deposit, cf rock salt : ibe '
separation of metalic vein, : the elevatioo and
depiesion of the surface : the formation of vast
layers ol marble and limestone, as well as of
.oils, all of the highest benefit to man, and
prospectively fitting ,he earth for his residence;
find which operations could not be going on
when he was a denizen of this changing world,
uite.t the use of lhat pre. existent period, and
the benevolence of God to man.
As a certain wiiter remarks: "The coal
which dtlfises wannth round bis hearth : the
gliitciing gem that lends its charm to tbe cheek
ol beauty : tbe useful and the ornamental met.
al, which are necessary for the waat. of ci.
filized society: the marble which he employ,
for his anitic purposes : ihe stone with bich
he conducts his dwellings: ibe limestone
with which he draw, subsistence, were all pre.
pared by long and laborious processes ; by tbe
agent, animate and inanimate of God's boun.
ti.ul Providence, and at remote lime, when only
the foreseeing eye ol God mold tell for what
I'wrpo.e they were destined. "f The Works of
h.s hands join with the words of bis mouth in
saying that God is love.
end, a parte ante of
a rue at that sublime scene where . hi, world
as fined up as a mansion worthy of an anel
-ol the ,on of God-do we stop, 'here and sa v
Ih.s ,s absolutely the beginning of time ? Did
creative power now first begin ,o energize 7
" minus unacquainted with
-io anu ueuuctions ol "eol
lied and stumbled. It
tt' ooin star.
IS tOO new I rr . I r
... u p uaii"c
-too h.gb, for them. They have been accus-
wicu lo reaa mat ancient and most
record as it seems to read; never
lhat .1 can have any o.her meanin
one mey attach to ,t. And we mus admit that
... nnect.on of science with the creation of
our world, i. one of the most bewilde,i ,hal
has formed he s..l.jecl ofenqoirv to the h" man
mind. It is high a great argument. When
we come to the point out of lime and saV here
nature in the movement of life died and was
huned; ; and .hat the Great Author of all life
was called in to replace the dead with new
life, and set the wheels again in mo.ion-and
lhat not at one great epoch, b.i in several in
stances ! I his certainly hm,!d i..
. , - j -.v. (.uiuiucicu
fs''ai caution : i ou nnv
nh.e .uoses belore the bu
iL.:. .l. . i
oecause the ground i lu.lv
should he Iow to believe lhat
various distinrt r-..m r0..:.i.
and pomts on the earth, succeeding each other
and never appearing again, at least, it is .aid'
five nine, and occupying immense periods oi
ime ; belore .he p,e,ent .uiface was formed;
before the six days of .he Mosaic creaiion.or
man was made from dusi, a king in a palace al
ready prepa ied.
That ibe eanb has a historv nnd
m' '""ii UIIC
-I - I
uo ii nere.
field of science.
ming bush, pull off
is holy should
1 '11 3 Ol ...I '' .
, fc Url "d Wend.
- 'Ill'll it!
"'gin (lfsct-nd ;
?r baot-H. ami .1!. i
im"iauic 'irn. .,(;i fi.ii.. ..i. . .. ..
,r i v"w,,3f uuiu liimiiy mjc was so mucn in-
Smollett J u comPe,,eu lo ,einfu,SD lDe
rpost. So impetuous was the rush, bow-
ever, lhat five of the female teachers were
forced over the banisters and fell with the
children into the-well. They were happi
ly not seriously injured. The sterner dis
cipline'exercised over the boys' depart
ments Prevented them cenprnllv from imn. I ' i n ..
.i , .. ; v j . , aanger irom this source.
me rusu. vniy inree oi ire pupils in
the upper male department were among
the killed. N. Y. Com.) y
tery street, was broken open on Thursday I . . 00 noPe ,he 'eg'siature will take this v
night, in a most darins manner, and the 1 SUT, m ha.nd a,,d Pul a stop to such revolting j
desk robbed of ftiann. Thr np,.nn. dUU "emoiai.z.ng spectacles, it Goes seem
vyere sleeping in the establishment at the ! removed fr
niur. uui cic iiui even u si u meet. io t u r.i
, . iii , ' "1UIU aviui anu solemn impression, as
n-u r l-i burg,ars has bcen discovered. we upon criminals as upon the masses ol the
Ihe failure ot the banking house of ; people, and would have a more salutary influ
Wells & Co.. excited some talk in our Com- ence renerallv. Concord lfmru.
- - j-
to us lhat executions in some private nlace.
rom the public raze. would make a
. i .. ""."meander
1 i.j .
Willi I ...
" "r.iie( ... i. . i
iri riiA m-.. i
mercial circles, as did lhat of Mr. S. Bee
bee Ludlow, which followed it emmedi
ately. No serious ombarrassments thatwe
have heard of, however, followed either
of these unfortunate occurrences.
We have been visited by no fires, al
though on one or two occasions ihe sharp
peal of the alarm bell has awakened the
fears of our citizens, nervously acute to
On fhf Vlfhnlp hatra K 1 o nnicf lima
' of )t for the last fortnight, and our future
The following beautiful allegory was trans
lated from the German :
Sophronius, a wise teacher, would not sufTer
even his grown up sons and daughters to asso
ciate with those whose conduct was not pure
Dear father, said the gentle Eudalia to him
u. .c.uiuuons at:d catas'ropbes, when there
was no inhabitant capable of writing it which
-.v, t,o,,,...ieu io preserve in her own hand
and her own medals. For she ore.
enls to us now the vidn ; i ' .j
f. ., ,,, u ij ii u in ue reu
loss. Is, preserved in vas-. layers of rock. nd
these arranged in classes distinct from the pre
sent mhabrauis of the world, and from each
other. In general, having the less perfect and
comp.ex in their organization ihe lowest in the
" 'I he whole and every p-irt proclaims
liis Mifiniif- md will.
It !! tines n h.l:. and flow, in streaxm,
And bu-FU fn. n -.. ry Iii!! :
W e view it .'er tli pf::in
And heaven winrh spread rino wide
And roll, ia every lidt
We know that ihe auihority of yreat name.,
even as great as the Author oftbe old red sand-'
sione, Profs. .Sil'iman, Jamison, and Parkinson,
can be brought in favor of another method of
furnishing the required lime for all these for.
mations, bv expanding ihe six day. of Moe.
into long indefinite period.. And we know
that il was long since noticed by Cuvier, lhat
there wa9 a remarkable r,.rr-.r,-, i
, - r j.nuviitr
senes ; and always found in the same oider of lw"n the account of Moses and the phenome.
super-positton. The sma!!e6t and most Iraile na of Seolo2.v- The imperishable monument.
DariS ot orrraniTort l. r .1 : .f r i ..,! .l 1 .
-h-""'u inis aic ounn a up nm. 1 u''uii,miu tue recotui n h
gether: though tbe former
served as it laid away yesterday; while they ,0
must have lived, and died, when "the world was to
in a very diijerent condition from
"m. nml....:.i.... .
t.' l."u"9naR it was 1
1. a,u l 'hose whom i.-,.--
t!jrWhanh'd.,bill,lba ,,ame f
ilth.. . rria"ed. anr -1l.i r. .
i, ,,re huminn -'iru auer a Del.
P" nent wb ",a,:;an(,I"rainlycan.
i.j Mn,fr.al! 1 " wi.ungui
ri,fi .t . '! nisheit n.H..
The children were generally between G
and 15 years of age.
The Express says. "The scene was
heart rending the recognition of the dead
oy their broken hearted parentf. Upon
the faces of the little ones, who had so
promises well for a continuance of the
same state of tranquillity.
San Francisco Picayune.
AN INCIDENT. ,
An old gentleman of fine mind and ed
ucation, and of superior talent, but who
is no transmutaiion of
suddenly been sommoned from this world ; has, for many years, been very intemper
there was in most cases an expression of i ate, recently reformed and ioined the iSon
eT and rnrQi
.i.i Chara'ri-r 1. . .
peak of , . i . 6 ,okPn o
macbtuc which has
pain fixed, which stirred still deeper the
founts of feeling in the spectators."
Be not too familiar with superiors, for
fear of danger, nor with inferiors, it is in
decent ; far less with mean people, whom
ignorance renders insolent, insomuch, that !. than any thing else.
beingifisensible of the honor that is done j some days ago, and asked him how it was
theiTb, they presume it to be their due. j that he looked so much better of late ; for
tly reformed and joined the JSons
of Temperance at this place. In conver
sation with him last week we asked how
he came to join the Sons. His reply was
as follows, as nearly in his own words as
we can recollect :
"Well" said he, "I hardlv know, but
I'll tell what had more influence with me
I met with J H
and long belore the Anno Mundi from which
Il is estimated that there are 20.000 species
of fossil remains. Entire groups have been
overwhelmed by some great catastrophe, per
haps connected with a sudden fall of tempera-
I 1 1 r A ol'lnr nik;k .it . i .
one dav. when he forbad her in enmn.inrwi.h I . ' T.1 u'uer races ne succeeded.
u u-.l. .u. , ... t J Ca,leU ,Qto bemS by an exertion of Aim
ucr uromcr, io visu tue vo.auie i.ucinaa. oear power, and this ol course is miraculous
lather, you must think us very childob. if you
imagine thai we should be exposed to danger
The father took in silence a dead coal from
the bearlb, and reached it to bis daughter. It
will not burn you my child ; take it.
Eudalia did so, and behold, her delicate
white band was soiled and blackened; and as
il happened, her white dress also.
We cannot be loo care.ul in handling coals,
said Eudalia in vexation.
Yes, truly, said her father ; you see my child
tbal coals even if tbey do not burn, blacken.
So it is with tbe company nf tbe vicious.
SOecieS : but a afimmnT
short, and a new creation, so that no counlen
ance is iriven to the (liivUnmni it.
C7 iwjMllvui 1UCUI,, UHl
wa. not written
convey physical, but moral truih : thai men
might not suppose matter eternal, or self-crea-
ted, and thu worship ihe efiecl, without look,
i ing for Ihe cause.
And let it be remembered that the exigen.
ces ol ibis yet infant, though really mostan.
cieut science did not firM require this interpre.
lation of the first part of the oldest human re.
j cotd. It is not a modern invention to extend
j 'le lime when God created the maUer oi tbe
I Universe, beyond six thousand years. For
I long before the birth of that science lhat re.
j veals such rmneries bidden in ihe bowel, of
tbe earth : such a vi.ta into t.vt-nn it.
man was first a globule or - cell," then an oy. i am f'""on was entertained. The ancient
il I .... J I f . L -! . -'
0 A Western paper, speaking of a poet
out his way, says be begins to claim the usual
privileges of talent. He has been druak four
times during the last week.
of nan -- a i . . a a r .
.,.uwatiiuimn-. e nave not to look tor
ancestors in those antecedent periods. God
made our progenia, the first man, not by a
laic, but with his own hand, and,
" Os horrrni sublime dt-di; coelutnqu? toeri
Jufs:l el erectos ad sidtra lo!!ere vjlius."
When we descend info that land of darkness
and death, nearly as far as tbe extenl of the
Mammoth Cave, we leave behind all the works
and monuments of man : we go below bis deep
est grave we leave behind us successively,
the extinct species of .he Tertiary formation
the trees and animals that flourished when that
t.Mec.Cel. Ill, 113.
ratbers in ibe churr-h entertaiu-rf ik. k-t;r
.hat ihe Mosaic cren'ion wa not the origin of
ihe world. Justin Martyr. Bail, Oiige.nrTbe.
odoret, and Augustine are said to have had tbe
same view. We do noi intend here lo di.cuss
the connection cf geology and revealed reli
gion ; we may pay, however, that il doe. not
contradict the Bible, but falls in with it. Tbi.
science afTords to infidel, no weapon to wage
war against the Bible. As Prof. Sedwick .ay. :
"We may rest assured that we baU never ar
rive at conclusion, opposed lo any truth, phy.
sical or moral ; nay, rather lhal new discove.
R-v. Baden ToH, IV-f. Oxford. Enj.
t Eclectic Museum, October lcll, jae"-00.