,,,. tin).-.- !';' H.lvi-r!;-.,. t.y tin- y,
, (he K lilr niul be. t puij.
" j.-)IU the .Washington Union. - '
jjISTOiiV OF TH K JA t'KSON S TATU E.
- j, jji just-that should give, tnd thai
hn lave doiifanTthinir in .rrvfwrlD
. ..i.. surf to the world the mairnilicenr
tart, MU1!I! KUW-W vruHiMW ,, lf(I . t
...!. - - . " " "W I""'
J. J. MIUNER,
Editor 4- Proprietor,
"Kttr A CHSGrjJof all rocr
Do 181, ak6 Liaisf vis siriT'r
.. Gen'l JIarrito.
. -- . -' -.
L me. Square.! Ksnecjally should
i be character, and a knowledge of
SALJSBURYJJ. C.l THURSDAY: FEBRUARlfe3t853S
'.' i f (-'.''. ... :i ,, : ! .f ,,. , .,; j , ;
iNuiili Carolina, 1 It 1 1 lint the' occasion is a
proper one lor addressing few plain remarks '
lo (be cfiicers, ageiils and friends of the sys-
lent. " ' '
.L Jifnculllc in me aiuai, w uanuru uuwr. io
W""" a-.. ii.j .l r... i
'""J presentations oroiber h cruel and great
men of America, and of great scenet and
eiiia in hi country', history, and, above all,
ol Ibe Klorj of making a mighly colossal atatue
larger than anything in the world lolbe Father
of his Country.
He decided to make the Jackson atalue. He
knew the amount offered would not pay him,
much leu reward him : hut he said. I ,;n
ure that shall lie mv reward "
ha Committee: nf hia nanl..i L.n
Phey desired him to muL-a
He returned to Charleston. His friend there
were offended with him. Some hardly noticed
him. They reproached bim with presumption
and folly ; said ho was going to throw him
self away," and "ihat he could neer do such
a work." It was in vain to appeal to them
from what he had done to point lo the bust of
Calhoun; they could rjol possess themselves
of his idea, nor comprehend his capacity. Af.
ter eight months he produced his model. They
were then satisfied he would succeed, and o.
uhtarily oflered io become his security. He
irtist bimrelf Mr. Clark Mills and now
pjiJUb them as a historical recoro.
T. i....ui mil tvilh ivhoin the iilpa nl orvrlinir
. . i:iif nl Jm-ksoii nririnaleH. Il w
.immon ihouht, and probably had been su.
by many at diflV-rent times, as we hear ! muc" rrw
Jli. of siames to Clay, to ..Webster, and, ft"
inhere ol our greit countrymen.. The first 1 i
ppti"" im"e 10 c,rJ ou' ,ne l(Jea appears
ubire bfen a public meeting in Apollo Hall,
ifae l'tri September, 1845. Resolutions
fits ibrre mseii for that purpose. ubse
i i.i.....,,. ik. r I. ir
SJfllil. s',u ft " J miiir ex,
f A k meeting of the Cabinet Officers, and
giet officers of the Government was held at
Fciidt'i't' House for the same object.
Aeomminee whs formed of the following
I ffillemfii : Lave Johnson, Amos Kendull,
ikiP. Van Ness, James Hoban, John V.
Iitirj, Chrles K, Gardner, Jesse L. Dow,
flllum A. Harris. Charles P. Sensstiick.
rwiP. B air. John V. Kifes. Thomn. ,c,,n " sninnton. 1 he comm itee
Jiicbif, and Benjamin B. French, lo collect j Pro'ed ' he model, and made a contract with
iribuiiims and to carry out the work. Al. ; D'm They required security. Ten irenilemen
Isnwds, in onsequmce ol th decease. f W'T? D' bondsmen for the duo performance of
ooly twelve thousand dollars, and he, conss
queniiy.eouid not afford such a sum for the cas
ling. What was be to do T Founders and ar
lists bad aaid therft was no place it. Americf
where such a colossal statue could be cast.
Ilia means his contract would not suable
him to go lo Europe. Full of resources be
lieving, as Mirabeau said to bis secretary, "that
UIII8 was impossible," and as Ibe Marseil
laise said to Kossuth, "thai nothing was impos
fats P. Van Ness, Jxmes Hoban, and Jesse
fc Mraud the resignation of William A.
Itriii, Messrs. John M. McCalla, lieorge W.
Ingres, Andiew J. Donelson, and Ceorge
hiker sere chosen in ihieir places. This com
IgjiM collected twelve thousand dollars. To
I4iifimons we owe the means tor making
lie statue. But at the lime, no one deeming
Ijl sossitile that hny artist would make a bronze
souesirian siaiue of (ieneral Jackson for the
null um collected, it was seriously debated
Ibe work. We give the names of these
! llemen, as il is highly honorable to them for
' this act of ronfiifence and kindness. The are
, ... .r.i ... m...chj in i no cny oi inarieston
and in the Slate of South Carolin. Th.i
names are James Rose, James Gadsden. H
; Gourdin, F. IL Elmore, D. B. Northrop, Chas.
D. Carr. Edward Frost, N. M.
Sehniertif, und George Ktriloch. The contract
required the statue to be a third larger than life
li Is a little more than thai. Government fur
ebetber or not a pedestrian statue should be j n'npf ,h" meial, which was old cannon, and
some oi wntcn was captured by lien. Jackson.
Congress voted five thousand dollars, for the
pedestal on which the Ulattie stands. All oth-
er eipenses have been borne by Mr. Mills.
What an undertaking for a Charleston plas-
terer I What an instructive comment on lh
history of genius, and on ihe power of republi
can institutions in developing the qualities of
the mind! lr. Mills was then thirty I wo years
of age. A man In whose personal appearance
ihere was nothing to strike an ordinary observ
er as remarkable ; plain in bis manners and
dress, and eiceedingly modest : never advanc
ing in conversation, but retiring, eicept with
familiar Ir lends and on the subject of ibe statue
and of arts then be would, be free, cummuni
cative and instructive ; for though be bad never
seen any works of art, he bad, in his leisuie
hours, read mucb, and had studied anatomy.
He Las an ardent miud and temperament, con
trolled by a sound judgment, and a thorough
practical knowledge of men and business.
This, with well balanced mind, so uncom
mon in artists, he has acquired in the school
of poverty and in the struggle of every day life.
Ilis mind is characjerized by a ready and just
perception, especially of forms, and for gt eat
firmness of purpose. He is passionate, but
ready to forgive. ""In personal appearance, he
presents ihe figure of a man about five feet ten
inches tit height, well and strongly made not
stout with a quirk and eneigelic step. He
has a searching light" gray eye, good regular
Caucasian features, and gray hair, turned gray
duiug lbs period of bis labor and anxiety over
i he great work be has eeomjlihed- - This is
Mr. Mills, We have been thus circumstan
iia, becatie we believe posterity will wish to
know something of this remarkable uriTaught
or self taught artist.
IffKtrd arid the work given to Mr. Powers.
EKnafier Mr. Mills bad proposed to make the
leqsMkinQ naiue, smne oft he commiiiee, doubt-
if nil csnactiy, were disposed to have a pe-
I ssstrian naiue by Powers. Bui when Mr.
lilli produced his model, and offered to give
eciiriiy for ihe due performance ol the work,
lis conira-t was made with him for the twelve
I IwMfld dollars.
1 i In ths y ear 1849, wbile the Jackson
I !u committee were looking for an artist, that
If. Mills chanced to be passing through Wasb-
IBftosciiy on bis way io Italy. He bad been
ikwiM plasterer in Charleston, S. Carolina.
I vtt a ruuen of that Stale, having left the
I Sou of New York, the State of his nativity,
Ati a boy, and settled in South Carolina.
IBiifini eflitrjs in art were direcied lo making
iluier bursts. He succeeded in giving such
Isloirtbls likenesses that he soou .was much
Mployrd. He ihen resolved to make a bust
Mr. Calhoun in marble.' -
Toe great South Carolinian saw there was
I (esios in the man, and he sat lo him. Mills
Idwistbs finest piece of Carolinian marble he
W dW; and chiseled h into shape amid the
Ifiknaod meers ol the people. " What folly,"
4ej said, " lor this -plasterer 4o- presume- to
wrtpture marble like the ffreat artists of Itaivf "
IBfibul himself up rom their gaze be hid
iwielffrom their sneers lu bis linle shop un
file had finished bis work. He had never
Iws urks of art. the manner in which the
ttlpiordoes his work, nor ihe instruments he
wi..)ei with bis-own rude loots he produced
W of Its Bni-si pieces (irsiMjlpture in ihe world
ibe bust of Mr. Calhoun. .... It was the ad
sifitiott ud atonisbment of all. - -The city. f
CUrfesion, as an appreciation of ihe work",
wnted him a splendid gold medal, and plac
dike bust in the Citv Hall.
Some fiiends. aif
Now he commences bis work. On a n
cant lot of Govemuient ground, near the Pies
means lo send him to Italy : and he was. lldeuis Hous. al the comer of the loth street
e have said, on his wav there, nassinv i and IVnnst Ivania avenue, he erected a small
I krwigb Wasliiii2lori at the fortunate moment frame building for a workshoD and a residence.
ken the Jackson statue Committee was in He bought a horse in Virginia, known in the
Wrcb of an artist. He bad never before been . Turl Register as Olympus. This be trained
'Waibinolnn. But spending a few days in lo present ihe altitude he wanted. This horse
Ifcfekjll ,ii public buildings and its ! is well known in Washington now as the
of art, be beeVrne
ie?J the. breed arid character of different kinds
of horses. He selected the various parts of
beauly and strength from them all, lo produce
ih atilor.Hir! hrr.n7A nna he hfl made. As
Igenius of his fame disturbed his rest, and j the various points of female beauty, never found
'(( iin ih r l: :.i i : .. u .11 nA,rniln natural o.a
l'fc?uoiedbi imagination : when all ihe world lound in the Venus de Medicis, so he resolved
latleep, a thousand beautiful forms floated ' lo make his horse ; yet it is a perfect war horse,
He studied Ibe character or Jackson, and Ibe
best likenesses thai could be found, so as lo gi7e
a faithful representation of bim. ' He took from
tbe military dress of Gen. Jackson, deposited
in Ihe Patent Office, tbe model by which he
stuck, or draft of anvlsind an invention of his
own and cast bis colossal statue. What is not
Ibe human mind equal to when conscious of its
power and pressed by difficulties T
Of this foundry, as well as of balancing the
statue, scientific men bsd said it was contrary
to experience and to all tbe known rules of
science. How could sufficient heat be gener.
aled lo melt such a mass of metal without a
draught ? He proved by an experiment thai it
could be done. With ibree-eighthe of a cord
of wood he melted sixteen hundred pounds
of metal, and cast four bells. He confined the
caloric, and found thai with comparatively lit.
tie fuel, and In a very small spare, he could gen
erate the most intense heat. He found, also,
that he had increased the hardness, and there
fore improved ihe quality of the metal, by his
furnace. He informed thn CI
discovery, thinking it would be very important
in me manufacture ol cannon. He proposed
to cast a cannon, and have it tested by a board
oi competent otticers. I he Uoard of. Ordinance
treated his proposition with neglect and dobt
I hey said, " Mr. Mills was not a founder, and
ihey could not entertain urn a proposition from
Dim. touch are the difficulties which beset
poor men of genius and merit. Mills, noiwith
standing, had succeeded thus far. He had made
his model and his foundijr.
Mr. Mills was not a founder ; be had proved
himself to be an artist by nature, and a man of
great inventive genius; but tbe practical busi.
ness of casting be had yet to learn. He could
find numbers of workmen capable of casting
(lungs in the ordinary way, or any small piece.
He could find no one who understood east ing
so large a mass as his statue, which required
so much skill and precision. He trusted in
himself; be look from the street ordinary labo
rers, and as he iosirucied himself be directed
ihem. He did nothing rashly; be made him
self well "acquainted, with the principles and
practice oj casting metals. It was impossible,
however, to foresee everything. His idea of
doing the work was correct, but his experience
was insufficient. Ihe aides of the horse were
to be cast whole. These were large pieces
to be cast by such means as he bad at his
command. He failed several times, by: un
foreseen accidents, in producing" perfect casts.
He was determined to have the whole per
fect, and at a great expense and loss of time,
he continued to so cast, uotil, in the month ol
October, 1852, be finished the casting all
compTete:': : ..
When we consider the length of lime such
raised bis hand lo the sta'ue for the curtain
which covered il to fall, and as his speech in
response to tbe enthusiastic plaudits. It was
Ibe moment of his Irft ; then, again, he saw
that Genius, which bad inspired him lo action,
holding the laurel crown over his head. He
bad " followed Nature " as il directed bim, and
had acquired fame. Well does be deserve if
We believe and it is also ihe judgment of men
: ETIQUETTE IN C11UUCII.
There is & good denl ot common sense,
says the New York Times, in the follow
ing suggestions. The reverend gentle
man who utters them is a Watertown
clergyman": ' -r V
" A Jew evenings since. Rev. Mr
ol taste, oftravellers, of artists, and of the public Holmes, of the Haniit ,lnm;nf ; f
..oioioiie woo wills Mr. Mi la built a lnu. who k... ainus i ' ... ..7 ..r .........., ,
dry himself. " With imiied mean, and i iT. .7,7 t "', ; qus- -,, vi Jiage, madtmery sensible request
nfal. miserable Sll J,?K J JTTu. Irfd'f ' " V
on a new tirinM. wiikm.i . .i.; ... .J. i.C .l uc WU,R me kioq in dopfed by everv conereeation. It wu
The Last New Planet. The celebrated
astronomer, in communicating the ele
ments of the orbit of the seventh planet
which he had discovered, writes: 'For
this early knowledge of the planet's orbit
we are mainly indebted to Ihe observa
tion of Mr. Hartnup of Liverpool ; and it
is only one of many instances where as
tronomy has benefited the establishment
of the fine observatory in that town, which
is supported by the enlightened liberality
of the corporation.' It must, we think, be
gratifying 1q the authorities of this town
to see that, while nothing of a practical
nature is neglected which tends to facili
tate navigation, or render it more secure,
our local astronomer still finds time to use
the magnificent instruments in which he
L, n n I l:i ii ,- i .
iii uccu no iiuerniiy auppneu, in sucn a
way as to gain the approbation of tbe most
celebrated astronomer of our day, and to
contribute ift neril4 degree to the ad
vancement of a science to which naviga
tion 4s so much indebted- Mr. Adorns,
who has been requested to name the new
planet, proposes to call it "Calliope.' Mr.
Hind remarks that the discovery of the
planet was not complete till tbe morning
of the 18tb ult., and that Calliope, whose
office in ancient mythology required her
to perpetrate tbe illustrious deeds of he
roes, can hardly fail to remind us of the
event of the 18tb, when tbe homage of so
many nations was paid to the memory of
tne greatest nero ol modern times.
Th is " plan et , which wilt accordingly
bear the name of Calliope, the music of
epic poetry, is tbe seventh discovered by
that distinguished astronomer. Mr. Hind.
and the 21st not known to exist between
Mars and Jupiter. Within a few days
we have an account of yet another hav
ing been found at Paris, which bad receiv-
ed from Arago the Latin name of that ci
ty (Lutitia ;) but the statement requires
confirmation. tendon Times.
Wrought Iron Manufactured bu a Nt w
Process. An important improvement in
the. manufacture . of wrought iron was
made at Newark. New Jersey, two. or
three years ago, and a few weeks since an
'ikacoinmiiiee, and with their object. jThey
d bim to give a design. At first be do
jW. never hiving seen an equestrian statue.
"tl m rule at ihni i. Ki. L....i.. II. .1
- u . .ih. . a nim wHamvirii iui
wem, waking visions. There was the
Jackson, who has impressed tbe grandeur
nioulaod the republican simplicity ol his
wwier on ibe institutions and mind of his
7. nd on the future of the world. That
isanl boy, of a
I3 before ihe tirtagination t thettf ST7 clothed tb-heror-The- erywrd4e.J,ore.
I!l ""racier of a poor pea
and every minuticB of the saddle, holsters, bri
at the battle of New Orleans, when
y,1"!1. was hurriedly riding in review of
IrCei. E faur . . - 1-1 .1
li which .I.- (. 1 j vi.-. f--
la.. 1. , - ta.llll ailMJ SCBIIS IUQI
""II on thn ani.i. n;nA I.
m ii'iiiui. u aaif iiflassavsif.
t iaio bronze, and il (ood before
l ""o ining. tiis mind was agna-
' v Wist " hmin aH .iiL IJ 1J If. .a
L. C,'n H looked back Iq his past his.
lA?" o the difliculties before him a fala
I on its pedestal
I lie derign of ihe pedestal, and its con
miction, was left to the artist. The five
housaYid" dollars appropriated by Congress for
that purpose was placed at his disposal- Had
the appropriation been larger, and the lime not
so limited, he would have made a more im
posing structure. It is, however, a plain,
handsome, white marble base for the group.
The. cap. stone .- &.lone. weighs sbou4- eighteen,
tons. The entire .height of the pedestal and
mound is about fourteen feet.'
During Ihe progress of the work, and espe
cially while be was making unsuccessful cast
ings, Mr. Mills had lo encounter the scepti
cism of the world. Who can appreciate bis
difliculties and menial sufferings ? "I have
been ready," be says, "to throw myself in ihe
Potomac." None but a man of unconquera
ble will and perseverance could have over
come such obstacles. He bad spent all bis
means the twelve thousand dollars of his
contract and had not finished casting the
statueTbe worldjaiOe ..B.?XHJil.i,.
it. Where could he borrow money under such
circumstances ? There was one man, a mem
ber of ihe commille, who sympathised with bim,
who believed in hiiiu John W. Maury, the'pres
ent Mayor of Washington, advanced hltn money,
from time lo time, as he needed in all over four
thousand dollars. Eternal honor to the man I
Let his fsllowciiizens and future ages know that
he generous) aided, at the critical moment, the
creation. Afterwards as the work approached
led equestrian statues in tbe world, represented completion, several other gentlemen ol the com
as rampant, with the fore feel in the air, had mitiee kindly advanced money. Messrs- Blair
and Hives, and Mr. U. li. r reucn, advanced sev
eral hundred dollars each. Let them, loo, be
honored for that. The entire cost of the statue
has been about 819,000, -or several thousand
dollars over the contract. This is ibe actual
expenditure, without reckoning Mr. Mills' five
years' labor, or the value of his work as a work
On the 8th of the present month, (be anni
versary of ibe battle of New Orleans, tbe statue
was inaugurated.. The day was bright and
beautilul, suitable to Ibe occasion. In the pres
ence of the President of ihe Uniled States, the
commander in chief, bolh bouses of Congress,
many ol the personal friends and companions
in arms ol the Old Hero, and twenty thousand
people, tbe artist had the satisfaction of seeing
the end of his labor and .'the idol of his soul re
ceived with applauding admiration. ' The Hon.
S. A. Douglass was4iie Urator cnosen io aeirv-
association at that place nut it into success-
works take in their elocution in Europe, vary-1 fuJ operation; The improvement, it is said,
ing from five lo twenty years, and tbe many j consists in the nroduetion of mir wrought
casts which are often made there before a per- j iron direcIy from the orCf wi,h rnineri4i
tect one can be obtained, we must be surprised . nnni th,,a Jicric: ...:,u ,u .: j
tbat .Mr. Mills -las succeeded so weir, and '. .', , .
performed bis work in o short rtlmer-FroWif w"".,H1ng proceOt Teuucjng.ji
Ibe month of October lo the eighth of January j P"1 l. P'g ,n' '
following, the d .y on which the statue wa, tn- i lr,on v puddling, or with charcoal. The
augurated that Ts. liitsrs than th '
Mr. Mills nut the statue together, and placed i 1 ne Culel advantages claimed lor the
that the habit so prevalent in the church
of a whole pew full of gentlemen arising
and filing out into the aisle, merely to
give one or two ladies a seat in (be other
end of tbe pew, should be at once aban
doned ; and tbat the ladies when coming
into church would take their seats in the
end of the pews vacant, quietly, and with
out disturbing the whole congregation. If
such a reform in church etiquette cannot
be brought about, we suggest the follow
ing rotine, or system of tactics, which we
find in an exchange, be adopted, that the
ining may be well done, it at all :
" Suppose, then that six men are auiet
ly Seated in a pew upon the right hand
side ol tbe broad aisle, when a lady pro
poses to herself tbe somewhat difficult task
of taking possession of the remotest seat.
which a foolish custom has assigned for
the special occupancy of the elder lady
of a household, or in default of her pres
ence, any lady or anything that wears pet
ticoats, though it be but a child. This
she proposes to take possession of ' peace
fully if she can, forcibly if she masi."
Happily the sterner sex are disposed fo
yield the point, and il is desirable that it
be done with grace. This can be done
in this way.
" Let Ihe lady advance one pace beyond
the door of tbe pew, halt, about face, and
salute. Tbe pew must then be vacated
by a flank movement. Tbe squad occu
pying it should rise simultaneously, then
deploy into the aisle, the head man facing
the lady and the rest passing to his right
and rear, changing (he direction of line by
a right countermarch, and forming again
in line up and down the aisle, still faced
by the right flank. t
" The lady, when she sees tbe coast
. .There ought tu have been 4rom the start a
bead and. chief director of the system to give it '
efficiency, and rfporf upon itVdfetiXn3 had """"
tbsre Leeti-suoh an uffieer we wen Id not now -
be groping in the dark, ignorant alike of the
pas! operations, ef the present situation and 'of
the future prospects ol our Common Schools. J
They have never yet reported progress to ibe
public ; and now, while in'the absence of In
formation? we are on the point of despairing ol
their success, the Legislature has made prbvl.
sion for the appointment of a controlling bead,
and vested that appointment in me. - This po-
liliotu wbichfcCoia.lhe CraJ, would have been
highly responsible one, has, from the circum
stances tinder which It was created," become "
one of. vast importance; and with my concep
(tons of ihe difliculties which surround me, of
the greatness of the cause, and of the impor
tance of the duties f owe lA tbe public, I feel
oppressed and neatly overvlelmad with con
1 have no doubt but thai much is expected of
me, though there are no definite ideas as to tbe
means by which I am lo accomplish it : these
means I must find in the svmpathizinff hearts "
and willing hands of the subordinate agents and
ihe friends of the system. That I may, (here,
fore, do the best I can for the Stale, I will en
deavor to put in active motion a complicated
machinery; and in doing so, while aiming at
practical results, by practical means, I shall
orego all attempts at personal display, and
shall be more concerned to push on the cause
than to bring ihe operator in notice.
I must, therefore, ask the public to await re-
ults and not to look for a mere display af seal;
and w ill begin with a plain talk and some sim-
Ie suggestions for which I invoke the ssrious
consideration of all concerned.
The Common Schools of the Slate have not
foluffed the expectations ef the pubHe ; and tb.it
because, perhaps, too much was looked for io
very short tune.
Siill we might reasonably have expected
more ; And ibe reasons why it has not been ac
complished, are, 1st, the defects of tbe system,
nd tbe prejudices, misconceptions and ignor
ance against which it had to contend ; 2dly,
ihe inadequacy of the pecuniary means and
3Jly, the want of an active public interest in
ihe cause of popular education. The first cause
was natural and could not be immediately re.
moved ; but now that we are in the way of .
having tight, we may "eipecl judicious amend-
ments and more efficient operations.
The removal of the last cause of difficulty --
will remedy the second: and that it is to this
purpose that 1 wish to direct much of my effort,
nd l sincerely bope that I will not Jubor in
invention are that the iron is produced for
some twenty dollars per ton less than the
puddled or charcoal iron, and that il is
worth, ten dollars per ton more, on account
of its superior quality; that a greater
quantity of iron is extracted from a given
amount of ore than by the old process,
and that it is the only process by which
pure wrought iron can be produced.
fbfc rationale of iBeinVentHHrtstbat
the iron is deoxidyzed by .heating a mix
ture of the pulverized ore and coal in
close tubes, so that by the combustion' of
the coal the oxygen is absorbed from the
ore, and passed off in an aerilorm state
clear, completes her salute, and advances
at once to her position in the pew. Tbe
gentlemen break off by files, from the rear,
and resome their places. Great care
should be taken of course, by other parties
not to enter ibe aisle where this evolution
is in progress until it is completed. -
If this evolution appears too formidable
we have another mode to suggest, by
which the evil can be avoided, and that is,
let those Who come first, take the. remotest
seat, and as others arrive let them fill up
in due order of arrival, without regard to
rank. Rank ! there is no rank but good
ness in the sight of God, whether it beat
the head or foot of the pew."
""' : boy-men. :::;r-
I'he public has not heretofore manifested that
active interest in this cause which its Impor-
nee demands ; and many well-wishers bave
been content with mere good wishes, while a
little exertion, in the shape of advice, visits at
the school houses, attentions lo scholars, and
examination of teachers, would bave been much
more effectual. ;'Z;;
Much a great deal depends upon the ex
ample of the feadtng classes of (he community;
and if ihey make it appear that tbe Common
Schools are thing in which they have no dN
. l!. .- 1 . J "Z' '. L "'t'lT "
rcci personal inieresi, ana inai iney aestre metr
success only for the sake of their poorer neigh
bor, their course will not certainly be product
ive of good to tbe schools.
The Common School should be regarded, in
every neighborhood, as one of the most sacred
institutions of the country it should be looked
on as one of the inesiimableadvantages of home, -
.j. 4 . i i i luru"tu wim in uusresi 'inirrcus i society,
While sealed in our sanctum the other: .nd bound up with the hopes of the old and tbe
evening,, we were aroused Irom a semi
comatose revery by the entrance of a
young gendeman, (we might give offence
were we to call bim boy,) who, after Very
politely giving us the top of the afternoon,
dilibernfely opened the stove, lighted a
strip of paper, and, touching it to the end
of a light brown, mild Havana, and pro
ceeded to Bmoke in the most approved
ten summers' sap, was up to all (he fancy
touches in the use of his cigar, sch as ta
king it between bis fingers with the back
of his hand to his (would-be) whisker
patcb, pulling the smoke out at tbe cor-
The residuum is taken frorrt the lubes and er of his mouth holding his cigar be
iwtna nf fll init mvnn liucklea. il faithful to hislotv.
t,0nTf a general, and as President vf the-! Yrt - i 4ber nuibiog sJifTor awk ward in the
oiaies : the ariiai ua ki.M in all i h nntirai irronn ll la irue. natural, and easy.
jj'able scenes of his life. Hsu embodied f He modelled bis colossal group in plaster.
'Iiin,.j.i. :j r i . ,1 . ' . . ; .!..:..
iit oronze. une torm ne i lie was not quite i wo rears
W-M vision he arrested, and fixed in his I The model was exhibited to the public; al) ad-
l a,. L. L..k . C a.T ft I II ' L....I,, R,,f ..lllj., arlila. Anft ari-
--,uc ucru w now wrieans. hi an i iinieu us woiu't. .
7 wuumea.on a magnificent war steed, M he statue stood on us uina leei aione. mis
i tbe air with fierceness and res'less im- ! had never been done before. All Ihe celebra-
. , 11 conscious of the coming battle,
-.iuinff to the mm n.r.. .A hi. ,A..
a Wa at .1.. i ... i i a.- . v i . , j i . i j : i .. .1
ueen supporieo oy some nuuuiunui uu loimm
means I'fienerallv by some prop or ny lasien
inir the tail to the pedestal.givingarr unnatural at-
lidue and destroying the life-like expression of
Ibe animal. People could not realise tbe lacl tbat
tbe first exquesiriau statue in America, lexe
cuted by an untaught American artist, could
be supperior in this respect to all the art of ibe
Old World. Wills, nowevor, loiiowing tne aic
tales of his own genius and nature, bad dis
covered that a natural borse to gel io such a
position must throw ihe centre of gravity through
.. . . . a m-m . s
the rider to bis hMdfeet.iv ite staxea o is repa
--va iw uiooesi genius ne woriu coyerea mat naiurai oum i.
ij chools, its authorities, and in position must throw ihe centre of gravity ihroi
"eod trp nrrrtulte ths Dresumnrffoiit nlasw ilhe rider to bis hisHeet.-i, He slaked bis re
ij. uiu ooi recoirnise him ; ha was out ; itnn on (hit nnnrin e. and has. contrary to me
. . . : " r-, ... - .
r'ql its society; he never graduated. I predictions of the learned and scientific, In
iphed.. ,. . '
Tbe mod! finished, the next thing to be
SB. mmir U (a f
a) at llaS .Vllaal. frm
. 'ne evidence of- hiaiorv Nalere !in Pennsvlvania and other places, and was told
. .-. V . r 1 . i II 'PL.. .IJ ik.
tbat such a work could not tra cast in metr loan, er me inauguraraouress. s na suu n v i , , miu- imnortant 'dcisLoa fore-
worked into balls weighing 100 pounds
each. These are taken to the trip-hammer
by which they are reduced to blooms.
Two tons, of tbe iron are now made per
day and it requires about two tons of ore
and one ton and a half of coal to produce
one .1 on of. the wroug b I ironteXh8u iron.
is extracted and perfected by a continuous
process, very simple in its operation, and
therefore is said to be more uniform, and
altogether superior to that made by other
processes bywhich ibe ore or iron must
undergo two successive exposures to the
fire before it can be reduced to wrought
Mad Through: Excessive Jot. A writer
describing the Lunatic Asylum at Blackwell's
Island, says :
" Here is a woman whom joy has deprived of
her senses. Her husband and child were on
board a vessel- which was wrecked." Going
down to tbe shore every day, as if with the
wish of being nearer the beloved objects that
lay burried beneath the sea, suddenly she be
held them landing from a vessel which bad
picked them up and saved ihem. An over
whelming flood ofjoy pervaded her bosom, and
reason was gone forever. She never has
known ihem since, but sils on what she thinks
the same rock, where she used to bewail tbeit
fate, wringing her bands and mourning most
pileously wbile every week the husband and
son come and gaze on her face, in hope lo
rouse one gleam of rneriiory but in vain.
Important Decisiok. In the case of
have decided that an art cannot be pa
tween the forefinger and thumb while he
gently snufled it with his little finger tip,
and, finally damning his bullous if there
were any good cigars to be bad in town I
We looked at him go through all the mo
lions, and could not help agreeing with
(he observation of tbe darkie, tbat " cigars
had got so how, (hey didh t care who
smoked em.' .
(We bope we shall not have to fight a
duel for writing the above.) I Var. A eics
Loveliness. It is not your dress, ladies,
your expensive shawl, or golden fingers
that attract the attention of men of sense
they look beyond these. It Is your char
acter they study. If you are trifling and
loose in your conversation, no matter if
you are as beautilul as an angel, you have
no attractions for them. It is the loveli
ness of your nature that wins and contin
ues to retain the affections of the heart.
Young ladies sadly miss it who labor to
improve their outward looks, while they
bestow no care upon their minds. Fools
may be won by gew gaws and fashiona
ble, showy dresses, but the wise and sub
stantial are never caught by such traps.
Let modesly be your dress use pleasant 1
and agreeable language, and though you
may not be courted by the fop, the good
and truly great will love to linger in your
' Young mother ( who is extremely setftitnen
tal on noticing thai ber first born,Jnthe cradle,
lsicMiy;re:tlesi) Th angels art wfcis
perineflo ihee, my own darting babe. .
randmothe r f'xi remely a mattes oljaetjl
aff'Ttrcms of the young.
If the old iI cherish the "young will reveir- "
ence it ; and when parents and children invest
their affect ions and their hopes upon il, it will
ever be occupied by teachers who will not feel
their responsibility, and diligently exert them- -selves
as persons on whom are centered many
watchful and jealous eves. . ,
The Common School house should show in
itself, that it is one of ihe cherished monuments
of home ; it should be carefully constructed, or.
l namented a. central
point tif resort, a place lor the public meetfnge.
and ibe social parlies of the neighborhood.
When occupied by schools, these houses should
not be, as (hey often are, isolated from the curij
osiiy and the interest of tbe public; on the
contrary, the teacher and the pupil should feel
that tbey are constantly before the public gxe,
and tbe centre of atlraiiion fur all classes of
the neighborhood. a
All the officers and agents of the system ought
lo labor lo enlist the sympathies of Ibe people--'
in its behalf to try lo impress on others their
own colivici ions in regard lo ihe impoilance of . ,
universal education lo manifest their interest
trrthe-'-scbooKrby aHendingxaminafions-,"- by -
sending (heir own children and getting their
neighbors to send by employing such teach,
ers as ihey would wish to stand in loco parentis,
in ibe place of parent and instructor for their
o w n ofls p r i ng-rrby pre paring comluiUbla.kaMMal.
houses, and exercising an active vigilance over
the interest of the system.. - ,
The idea that these schools are intended on,
ly for pooe.cJiUdtt! , a houkl every wherebadU
couraged ; and it should be understood and pro
claimed that this is a great bounty, a fountain
opened for all the children ol the Slate, without
distinction of classes, promising equal benefits
to all, and worthy of the fostering care of all.
It is ihe doty of every one accepting a place
of trust in this beneficent system to discbarge
faithfully its duties and to lake an interest in
them ; and I have no hesitation in saying tbat
f tbey would but occasionally visit the schools.
that this single and simple circumstance would '
add much to their usefulness, stimulating schol.
lirs iu their studies, inducing childien who have
never attended 'school In go, aud causing leach)
ers lo be more careful and zealous.
It is the duty ol leading persons, mule and . '
fejnale a duly ihey owe to society and to them
selves- to manifest by. their arts and Words an
interest in ihe success of the. Common Schools;
and their example arid advice will encourage-
pupils and teachers, oxciiing. emulation jn bolbj .. r,
and inrowing the poweitul tnfliience of fasbiou
m ja vsMwf 1 he cause of general education- .. v. ,
Il is tne duty ol teachers to vndeavur lu die. '
seminaie a fueling In favor -of ih? cause jndV..-.;