. I, ,:'.ul
for the Watchman.
CCR I OUS FACTS.
j '.ffbeB r'J d'tti light, proceeding
t : i.,m;hnui boints, fall upon a cheat-f
ifetw , ' ;
! TV A i a daik room, tbey produce a red
1 -ould produce inglr, provided I lie differ.
,),. length l ibe two beam, from the
ijjoa.poiniilo'He red ipol on lb? i paper,
J ....i. (tm0.0000258ib pari of an inch.
ll.-.Umt 'effect Will take place if ibe differ-
j length ne twice; uiree lime, or
l" " .1
. .:. ihn Quantity. Bui if ibe difference
I, ,ha Unfiibs ' ibe Iwo ray be equal to one
bun ine- -- i
I"" - r l .
itfiJ ihe Q .UUua uwn pari oi an men or io
jil '! " I' ' entirely
i L. st ml ti.il lslJ nhmijutm
"I . 7 ' ..-:ll.'li thw tl ultn.j ha.-i.i:
yj ihe dill-'reiice oi ine lengntn o tnir
equal lo Ibe 1$. aj oi me u.uuuu.
gsik p b7n'HMbi ,he re Pl arising from
combined beams will be ol ibe same inlen-
L . nliiiiia uriiiilr) .rniliiri
I WillCn UHC mvi.- - ....... ,
! u' interferenceeilend also lo
send. ITif clear ihaTiwo" equal and similar
sinnes w ilf be in unison, il they-cuin
inicie the same number of vibration lo tbe
(jfinibe same uinr. out n iwu iuni nnnj;
im nearly in unison, thai one perform 100
a second, and the oiher 101
iki wme period tluring the first few vibra-
liiMrJna ty .resulting sound will combine to
oneol duuble intensity of either, because
Atrial 'vei will seusihly coincide in lime
us place : but one will gradually gain on ihe
jlffWli at ibe.liUiiylLVjLljritm
mrfllstioii in advance. Then ilie wave uf
trfbira irdii-e ibe sound being iriisilily
mtlbul the receding pari of one coinciding with
k dtwinjl Varl f ine olhert 'thy viil de
01 one another and occasion an instant si
Th mind will he renewed immedi-
-ltr alter, and iH gradnafty increase till the i
jUiidred'b vibration, when the two waves will
Itnliine lo produce a sound uf double ibe in
J A tuning fork affords a good eiample of in
ftriereoc. When that iiixliumenl vibrates it
fin branches alternately 'recede from and ap
Ipaca one another ; each communicates its
. Jakoiieo lo ibe air, and a nmsiriit.iiole is the
'Miequrnce. If ibe loik jie held upright,
-iH i toe l "in the ear, and !um-d round ii
uibile viliiating, at eveiy quarter revolu
-4Mlke sound will scarcelj be beaid, while al
;i iote rniriliate poin'. it will be strong and
-"int. This ibenieno arises -from-ihe in
ultrfnce oi the undulations of air coming from
,1 iwo branches ol I be foils. - When the Iwo
'wii oiuride', tif when ihey jire at 'equal
Ifaattes from the ear, ihe wave of air enri
IV to reimuric ricu ouirr, uui ai mt? tuau
tuii, where ihe Iwo brhiicbe are at unequal1
fttmcfi from the ear,' I he length of the wave
iS'tby hall an undulalion, and consequently
iwiuj one another."
isfrference uf iwo. hot rays must produce cold.
kikneii reiultn from the inleilerence ol Iwo
itiot' lij;bt : lilenre ensues from ihe inter
bice of two undulations of sound ; and still
Her or no lide lo ihe consequence ol (be in-
wfrftnee oitwo lides." t
"Light and heal, as well as sound are not
til beings, but ineie modes of action cominu
sated to our perceptions hy the nerve." -
For die Waichinan.
PIR CHILD DOES AS H E IS TAUGIIT.
Batty yetri ngo a eneraWeitHigid-'-
wa, not more than 1000 mile Irom here,
pu vU'ning the family of one ol his parisbion.
nthen a child came into the room, and, a
1n a be stw the old man, in the presence
Ikii parents, began lo cry out "old long leg
wC : old grand daddy C ;" and
o other insulting epiihel. The parents
with shame al such a specimen of their
tain endeavored lo make the child bush ;
ilk old man replied to thernthaMbejpught
Kl blame the child ; lor be only did what
ikii is in impoiiant thing for parent lo re-
br; their children Will do what tbey are
"lit. You leach ihem to call their minister,
'heir teacher by bad name j lo apply in
fg and abusive epiihel lo tbem ; ihey
'iiikow; some dav vour irainini? to vour con.
lou rncouiaire ihern in act of insub-
Mtioa at school, because it f bows indepen-
manly tpirit, Stc tbey will show ibeir
fit I nn It.n rt r m unl h tr
, - J" PWIIIC U.IIV -
lead your children and servant lo do your
ijliferi lome private iniurv ; lo lurn iocfe
their erowinii rmna iii nnen ibeir fence
flWihrm down ; lo worry their cattfe and
hi' ilh doi'i : tliov will nrarliia lin'ol. VOU.
rjjulae uujjhl I hem.
"elihem an examnle of Dronriet : of
PJ immoraliiv or vice, vou will hud ibein rea-
r,Hwr.'- YeT weliTeulliBTr seniTof iiTor-
f ligation, of obedience io law and authority
4 J and n, and yu may e ihem eUva,
IHeonipicHous place on ihe gallow, un
"lieloreijaiid ibey have brought down your
r J air wiih sorrow to the grave.
wncid Mutter ,A Frs-neh eientifie
jasl Mates thitt jf has been ascertained
'f'ot expeiriments. that the bad
r'1 "J aste of butler may be entirely
ored by working it over in .water
,e with chloride of ime. The discov
;?JM made by a Drossels farmer, whose
ita ' to ,H'te a sufficient quantity of
k r Waler t0 Worlt il an( Put
25 ,0 4() uroP ol chloride of
2 k ""J 10 pouoJsof butter. When
C, bef" worked until the whol" has
M hMUgl'1 i,,!i con,act wilh ,,,e water,
b.e wfked again iri pure Water.
it will hc found to he as wret as
o'tginally made. The " i-ipr-rimf-nt
Hf!4 y bo ,r'ed, and we commend it to
kUrieBVftr'frivf 10 thl1CT-
ZfynfgA&iifcri l)urter6r of usiiftgr
J. J. IHiUXEK,
, EM'?r $ Proprietor -
Another rfiVctuai mnA r L
bu ter is said to be, to churn H over with
milk .until Ihe old salt and bad taste are
ftll-rr moved, and then work.it over and
salt it fresh. ' .
' From ihe Cotton Plant, Feb. 17. ' 1
DIRECT TRADE SUCCESSFUL.
M The cotton ihrub, which .evenly year ago
WM grown only, in sarden. ..
yield now id IhelUnlied SfaW a, imouni l
eiMrtable produce which in the year ending
wiih June, '50, amounted lo seventy Iwo mill.
on of dollars, of which from itii i i..
million were clear orofii in ih
lis increased growth has si.runir uo lht m,.
cairtile navy, which now wave lis uripea and
star over every sea, and that foreign influence,
which ha placed the internal peace, we may
ay Ihe euhsislenre of millions, in everv mn.
yiaciurtng cminlry in Eurooe, within ike mrw
er of an oligarchy of planters." Blackwood's
In spile of all opposiiion in ibe face of the
hungry army of greedy speculator in colton
in ibe teeih of threats ibe great cause of ihe
planter redemption from commercial bondage
WM P S direct trade it gaining ground daily.
The war is now for result. The theory is ad
mitted ihe piinciples endorsed by ihe people
in every pari of the South and Weal Alliance
witlnhefe -Wet byKaHroade: A -onli
nenlai JJepm for Cotton io break down ihe mo
nopoiy of Liverpool. Direct shipments by I lie
planter avoiding all unnecessary charges, out
or which ihe - middle men" reap golden har
vest, and through which the grower loses ihe
profits of bis staple. Direct importation. The
maiiuUclure of cotton into yarn and coarse
latiili s. Steamer lo Europe. These are prin.
ciples and purposes whic h are mighty and must
'p'revaiT.' -""Below we give the announcement of
the first step. We now tell those wh have
woiked openly and secretly against direct trade,
thai ibis great measure will have a fair trial.
A trial ly parlies not interested in its failure,
but tfho htivo no iuleresl in New York or Liv.
erpool, and not being engaged in a profitable
" piesem airangetnent" are quite indifferent lo
thai" change which is so DIsintgbestkolv
(?) dreaded by certain influences. The iren.
i If man who visits America, we hope, will b
enabled lo ascertain ihal he must eiperi lofiud
uo encouragement from those who daily suck
i i i f .. -ii i ,-
our nit; otoou. nn wjij De assured mat among
ike flu alers n ibe tr pi att i.ifls w here be
will witues their economy, and have personal
associations wiih them, is Ihe only place where
he can gather proper information lo guide Ihe
great Company no interested in ibis movement.
We can say lo ihe friends of Direct Trade, lhat
no effort will be spared to carry our part of ibe
rrag-mi lhgh. AV ra Ibe forma-
lion ol a LiiMii.eiital Depot fur'Ctitlun aaa fix.
ed .fad. It is a settled commercial, principle
ana recognized as such liy a powerful Compa
ny in Europe. There will be kicks against il.
Lookout for your weathercock and pretended
friends. The question ha been narrowed
down lo a mighty small point in ibe. action. of
ibe planters. " 1 here can be no doubt," writes
our fiit-ndiii Europe, "of the practicability of
your plan" for a Xohihieritar Depot or Cotton."
It would lend greatly lo fix the price of Cotton,
and would advance ihe consumption here.
Bt! white we will do all in our power lo aid in
fhi m ilter, we murt expreVrlbe fear we have,
thai your planter are loo' inTOnltstStir iTid too
generally insolvent lo be capable of any eiten
iv or firm co ope ral Ion," die, Ate. In reply
lo thai, we joined issue. The Issue is up for
bearing. , t he parlies are at the bar. A dt
iiiie rested Judge comes from Europe to sit in
judgment in behalf of the capitalist and manu
laeiurers of ihe Continent. What will be the
verdict 7 Where is ihe Memphis committee 7
Where are ihe influential member of the Bal
timers Convention 7 The agent of one of the
oldest commercial companies in Europe, soon
visit 1he United Sraie for iheeipress purpose
of ascertaining by actual observation wbeluet,
or not the southern planter are willing and
able to participate in this commercial reform.
Let every .engine be put lo work. Let ihe
Planters meet in thousands and lens of thou
sands at Memphis. Blackwood' Review says,
ihe world is at ibe mercy of an oligarchy ol
Cotton Planter. Thai oligarchy has been
groaning under heavy burdens. That oligarchy
ha been but lately (be bull of ridicule and mis
represenation in England. That oligarchy of
planter holds a femiul power a power which
can shatter the institution of England to atom
a power which urrouud; Ibe South with
wealth and independence. An aliiance is
openly in the lace of Europe sought wiih ibai
oligarchy by a government "Hot over disposed
to love England or lo submit to ber commer
cial power. The agent ere this is on hi way.
I-ei the Planter meef. ' What will be Ihe an-
patient toil lo bring about tbi organization,
now ibat we are- eeriotwly approached on the
utijeelr aball we fail .in ibe hour of action.
Where is the President of the Macon Conven
tion 7 ,;Where the Iriend of lhat movement 7
This i but a part ol il the result ofil, and ii
may in twelve month be the glorioti accom
plishment of the principle it sent forth. Those
principle jwere eudored by the Legislatures
of Alabama and Georgia. Tbey eland at ihe
head of our Journal. They are the principle
for which Ibe b.-roic De Bow ha labored
through life. Shall ihey exist merely in theo
ry 7 Shall we still go on. in our sensele bab
bring about air lines, and prospective 'would
btJV and ' ought lo be' and ued to be
when the present i-at ow command 7 We
again call on ibe planter lo lake this matter
up. "F orm organization. Lei u have light.
Let u meet this agent and atify our.elw
and Satisfy him. Let us no longer trust lo Ihe
Interested advice of our enemie. or allow our
friends io be misinformed. The people ekAi.
atma.and FWida and1 Georgia, and South
ij.- . i i ;.j,ii' ami Tennessee ana
a ,L... nH Teia. are all inierete m mi
j' " il .....1' ' 1.14
ejj cutftfff dwtrict. We sTppcai to tue pr.sa .
. .Another iTt7IiTmTmm
KtEf A CHECK uroW A(.L TOCt
the South. Where i DeBuw'a Review t It
the Ibunderer ol the Mississippi valley opea hi
hull..:.- . . , ..i T . .
"-"I""" a octsj is a uatue to De lougot, and
principle io be overcome, or Iriumphanl.-
Wiiect Irade will iriu.nnh if ihe planter will
only be true lo therriselvet. If after all our
proteslaijon. we draw back now, then there i
no language lo express Ibai' unmeasured con
tempt which will l and ought lo be fell for us.
It is said lhat the Colton Planter cannot be
relied pnf evo wiihaUihe principle involved
thai tbey cannot be induced lo leave
the old track ; lhat the present commercial
buodag f lha Soulh t br deetiivy T h. Lir
erpool will alway rule ihe price' of roilon ;
that the middle men and the usuiiou interest
and the extravagant charges will always eat up
the profits of the grower, and that in pile of
all organization, and notwithstanding ihe tad
experience of ihe planter lhat they will not
consistently co-operate with any one for their
own benefit. Cotton Planter of the South is
ibis so 7 We do not believe il.
The Baltimore Patriot of Friday lasl gives
the following notice touching the movement:
"An Important Movement. There can be no
djubt thai ihe wealthiest and most influential
commercial organization in Europe, has deier
mmed to send out an agnl uboi visit Uior
ihy purpose of ascertaining whether or not ihe
colton grower of the Southern States are dis.
posed to throw off the Liverpool monopoly of
- 'lk .. :.:
rui fit uposuiou w-mnnuig mora no
less than for ibis mammoth society, inconiunc
lion with ihe planters of ihe coilon districts, lo
create a continental depot for colton. The dis
position ol a few private houses lo aid ibe di
rect shipment of a few thousand bales olcoiion,
could not be regarded as a matter of niMch Im
mediate consequence, bu: Ihe importance which
attaches lo the movement when beaded by ihe
Company alluded lo, cannot fail to arrest pub
lie aileution and lo produce decided results.
We have been shown ihe correspondence,
which is Iwo fold. The first communication
is from a . dis;iiiguished foreign Minister on
the part ol bis Government, referiing lo ihe
President of ihe Company now .enlisted.
Tbi Company writes as such to an official
now in Ibis country, slating that ihey are dis
posed lo carry ojl the plan proposed in a con
tinental depot for colton. The parties, and
the names, and the country, we are reques
ted not lo mention; as in a matter of such
importance, involving, loo, such immense coun
ter interest, ihe friends of the movement have
ibeir reasons- for keeping ibe detail to them
selves. There i no doubt lhat a powerful Euro
pean organization for Irade is about making
responsible and definite propositions lo thu
planters for the establishment, by direct ship
'lie nt, pi a depot of cotton on the continent to
supply ibe want of 1 he--tmeh4tw.-Tfcfs..is.
no. mistake about this. 'Che evidence before
ug i ol ihe highest character. Il is inten
ded lhat ibe agent visiting America shall pro.
ceed lo ibe planting disiiicls, see the plan
ter lor which purpose' lhey will be invited
19 meet at certain accessible points and a,
certain exactly what the disposition for di
reel shipments is the ability of the planters
lo act the difficulties the opposition, it any, I
and everything e!eiiecessary for ibe Infor.
mat ion ol the company. I hi preliminary step
ts taken, a ihere have been Iwo represents
lions made in. Europe one, thai rhe planter
are? trresponsFMe and mdipoed eo nper.
futgr-lhe- oiher, ibat -4by an be-jelied . on. 1
i i .t . . i :r r. r...:i;.;A i
and are eiermined, if furuiabed. wiih i facilities !
and responsible agencies, m make direct ship: f
meui. ine uiintr no uoum win uo mco,
and fairly tried, as the company in Luropeare
very much interested in lis success, ana every I
' I j. r .i . if, :
way disposed o favor be movement. II H i
carried out, and a depot for cotton established
on the conlinenl. very important result must
lollow. It is confidently believed ly the conli
nental powers, thai ihey will meet hearty co
operation from ibe cotton interest, which ia sup'
posed to be not over-fond of Liverpool. We
watch this movement with interest.
On ibe Jims iubject we pulilfsli from the
Baltimore Republican and Argu of Saturday:
Direct Trade. We have been shown a
correspondence by which it appear that an
opulent government through a poweful com
mercial company ba determined to carry oul
as a policy, the formation of a Continental De?
pot for Cotton. The European parlte are lul
ly equal lo the task and an agent of mature years,,
of standing and intelligence, is about lo visit
America for the purpose of ascertaining for bipi-
elf and the future guidance and satisfaction of
the company, everything in relation lo the di.
position and ability of ibe planter lo carry oul
ihf "great m0vement.-we.are glad ol tni.
Our experience assures us mat tne planters are
ripe for it, and the movement has only been
retarded by ihe want of proper commercial or-
gatHtwtiim.- aTrorganrerOion alrrioT" Impossible
to form wiih ucb a large interest against any
change in the present tyalem ol colton trade.
We are not at liberty to state name or particu-
are. Il is sufficient lo lay Ibat ine European
parties are interested against ibe present sy.
lem and in favor of the proposed one. They
have certainly all the mean and influence ne.
cessary. It remain to be seen now ine pian
lers will act. The interest of ibis Conlinenl
and the Zol Verien are npposed to be co oper.
aiiiig. If carried out it will be(the death bluw
lo Liverpool monopoly. Succe lo the move
ment. Tftefirsi Printer. In examining the Old
records, of Massuchuselts, for 1641. we
find the following verbatim, in a style of
penmanship, very similar to the German
text : Stephen Day, being the first that
set upon pr i n ting. 1 S g ranted 300 ac res f
land where it may be. convenient, with
out prejudice to.tvny towne."
Xew York city. wrtb h etirbttt baa lwa,
hli'a popufan.in nie.5ttKHtt Pha4elpbia ICS,-
000. BaUimore 169A)00, Uoston laa.uuu, iw
From the Raleigh StBJard
; THE WORLD'S FAIR. '
We have been much gratified by the
responses of the press of the State to Mr.
Alctteap .letter tn relation to the Icw
York Exhibition, which we published a
week or two since. The Wilmington Free
Fress says i
We are pleased to observe the alacri
ty with which the North Carolina press
have copied Mr JeRae' address, relative
to the Crystal Fa 1 1 ace. We do hope its
influence will not stop with the editorial
and publishing fraternity, but that the, pro
pie will take hold of the matter end carry
out his suggestions, in a spirit becoming
a State, able to do as much as this is ; in
a spirit which doe not bait a t the admi
ration the be(tiful dress excites, but
keeps on to the practical point set forth
The Charlotte Whig says :
" We thank Mr. McRea for bringing the
subject of the New York Fair to public
notice, and hope that steps will be taken
to give form and action to his patriotic
suggestions. II North Carolina is repre
sented in no other way, we at least hope
that some of the fair from "the. most, re
bellious Colony in America " will be fhere.
bime 4tte creations of the sculptor, and
the lifeless colorings of the Artist."
Most if not all the other papers have
copied the letter and invited to its sugges
tions Ihe attention of their readers.
The Fair in New York City will be
opened in May. A spacious and elegant
edifice is in course of construction ; and it
is lo be filled with the productions of na
lore, with the results of inventions of
whatsoever character, and of discoveries
in science. The States of Europe and the
States of America will certainly be there
with their contributions ; and perhaps por
tions of far Asia and Africa may be there
also in the same way. It will be a sliring,
a full, a great, and long to be-remember-ed
time. North Carolina can present her
self among the communities of the world
with a much credit and respectability as
others. She can go wiih her hands filled
and her garments sparkling with ihe evi
derrces of her varied resources; Of min
erals she can contribute troflr, gold, sti ver,
copper, coal, marble, granite, precious
stones ; of limber she can ofFer specimens
of pine, cypress, juniper, live oak, hicko
ry, and "white and red oak all of which
enter, more or less, into commerce ; she
eft show fiercer Hftfrpenlirie than any oth
er State, and specimens of wheat, corn,
flax, colton, and tobacco, which will vie
with those from other portions of the Un
ion. But what, it may be asked, is the
object of this T What good will it do 7
Who wilt be benefited by it f We answer.
the object is to give proof that North Car
olina is not asleep, but that she is awake,
and folly alive to the value of ber position
and resources, ns wen as to me impor
tance of the developments nnd improve
ments of the age. It will effect good hy
making these resources, their nature and
xtf ttfrknowfl 444wwpitalitJand entcj,
. . . .
prjsjn men 0f tie Northern and
. - .!,. f.,r &wn nnft nn,
now III Illtl Ki'i hm euuv,uuu, miu soon III
r I.-, r .. -,i nnn I ...ilr
. , ,nnnnn mnrm . it nrt,4 ;n )
, .... ... ., , . ,
probabi Itty.to the premiumon these bonds;
, . ., 1 . . ,
and it will encourge mechanics, farmers.
laborers and energetic business men tore
move hither, and thus swell our popula
tion and consequently our power as a
We might say much, more on this in
teresting subject, but we leave it focjbe'
present with our breth ren of the press and
with the enlightened friends oTtbe move
ment generally. We trust the suggestions
and recommendations so-opportunely and
lorcibly made by MjvVIcKae, will be car
ried out; but. in order to do this, let it be
borne in mind that prompt action will -be
necessary brf the part of those who are
anxious that North Carolina should be ful
lyand properly represented in the great
P. S. Since the above was written we
have seen a Circular with an engraving
of the New York Chrystal Talace, trans
mitted lo the Governor of this State. We
make the following extract from this Cir
cuUrrwbiob embraces-abri efd eScxi pf ioti
oi the plan and size of the building :
" This building, constructed of Iron and
Glass, is erected on Jteservoir Square in
lh e "Ctry of New York; by-1 he A ssocitiow
roa tiik Exhibition op the Industry or all
Nations, incorporated under an Act of i.be
Legislature of the State of'.'New York,
the 11th of March,. 1852. TheJ use of He.
servoir Square is granted by the Munici
pal Authorities of the City. The Ground
Plan -of the Building forms an octagon,
and is surmounted by a Greek Cross, with
a Dome over the intersection. The ex
treme length and breadth of the building
are each 305 leet. Height of Dome to
top of Lantern, 148. ' Entire space on
Ground Floor, 1 1 1,000 square feet. Whole
arfea, 173,000 square feet, or 4 acres."
The President of the Association for
this gram! Exhibition, is TheodoreSedg
wick ; William Whetten, Secretary and
Treasurer, both New York City.
iis,.cprDroqriJnheEa''t to W stout
Arabs Spinning and also Jdiillmg, and
their -wivtis building Jjgvets and. (Jt'ingr
VUltti8.""v -.4 i t
i iij-fiMtn-nii n iitsliwisi-sjaaiii wan miiaiisji iiarii i nlTiMiinnTn" n r " -r -
NEW SERIES. :
-VOLUME IX-N UMCKR43.
Gov. Ramsey, in bis recent annual mes
sage to the Territorial Legislature of Min
nesofa, amongst rnany interesting partic
ulars respecting the rapid advance otfihat
flourishing and beautiful region, takes the
annexed notice of the rise and progress of
the seat of government, St. Paul, whjch is
sitilaTed" on l h eTairBank of th eHfissi ssi p
pi, not far below the Falls oi St. Antho
ny t - - " - - ----- " - - -
"In concluding this, my last annual mes
sage, permit ine to observe that it is how
a Utile over three yea-rs and six months
since it was my happiness to first land
upon the soil of Minnesota. Not far from
ivbf.re we now are, a dozen framed hou
ses, not all completed, and some eight or
ten small log buildings, with bark roofs,
constituted the capital of the new Terri
tory over whose destiny I had been com
missioned to preside. One county, a rem
nant from Wisconsin territorial organiza
tion, alone afforded the ordinary facilities
for the execution of the laws; and in and
around its seat of justice resided the halk
of our scattered population. Within this
single country were embraced all the lands
white me n were privileged to till; while
between fhrm and the broad rich hunt
ing grounds of untutored savages rolled,
like Jordan through the Promised Land.
the River of Rivers, here as masjestic in
its northern youth as in its more smuthern
maturity. Emphatically new and wild
appeared everything to the incomers from
older communities; and a not Teast-rel
feature of the scene, was the motley hu
manity partially fiHing these streets- the
blankets and painted faces of Indians, and
the red sashes and mocasins of French
voyageurs and half breeds, greatly predo
minating over the lesd picturesque cos
tume of the Anglo American race. But
even while strangers looked the elements
of a mighty change were working, nnd
civilization, wiih its hundred arms, was
commencing its restless and beneficent
empire, lo my lot fell the honorable du
ty of taking the initial step in this work, by
roclaimmg, on the 1st of June, 1819, the
organization of the Territorial Govern
ment. and coriseqtieiit extension of the pro
tecting arm of law over these distant re
gions, ftince that day how impetuously
have even's crowded time ! The fabled
magic of the Eastern tale that renewed
a palace in; a single night only an .par-
lief our reality of growth and progress.
" In forty one months thefew bark roof
ed huts have been transformed into a city
of thousands, in which commerce rears its
spacious warehouses, religion its spired
temples, a broad capitol its swelling dome,
and luxury ar.d comfort numerous orna
mented and substantial abodes; and w here
nearly every avocation of life presents its
appropriate follower arid representative. ;
In fortyo'ne months have ilcnsnl a whole
century of -achievements, calculated b"
the Old World's calendar of progress a
gdverViment proclaimed in i the wilderness J
r jttdteiary -wewttxrdrTa 4twlator r-4-
stituted, a comprehensive code ol laws di
I K,(1 ,n. adnntt'd. our rinniilatfnn nnin-
- '- ' 1 1 1
t u pTed; c Tries- a ad to vvws xptt a JJ i ng.. up o n
evrVy hand, and steamWtth its revolviiTg
wings, in its seasoiijtaily fretting the bo
som of the Mississippi in bearing fresh
crow ds of m;tt' and merchandise within
aCjXk has long been known to Physiol-
: ,i :fj .!.
coloring matters, if administered to ani
mals along wit h thetr foot! rpdssesses the
properly of entering into the system and
linging their bones. In this way the bones
of swine have been tinged purple by mad
der, and instances are on record of other
animals being similarly affected. No at
terippt, however; was made to turn this
beautiful discovery to account till lately,
when Mons. uouliti speculated on what
might be the consequences of ntlinin'ster-
ing colored articles of food to silk worms
just before they begun spinning the
cocoons. Prosecuting still farther his ex
periments, he sought a red coloring mat
ter capable of being eaten by silk worms
without injury 'resulting. He had some
at first, but evenTUslly alighted on the pig
nonia chica. Small portions of this plant
having been added lo the mulberry leaves,
the silk worms consumed the mixture and
prodoced-Ted---rolored silkr I this majirlrTnprdrirrir-pr i ncesy'-vv4ie'9Wdett'
ner the experimenter, who is still prose
cuting his researches, hopes to obtain silk
as secreted by the worm of many other
Tin England there are four thousand
miles ol telegraph ; in the -United States,
twenty three thousand.
A Telegraphic message, which could
be seftt in the llnited States, for one dol
lar, would be charged, for the same dis
tance, seven dollars in England.
IIe,w-h6 has a love for nature can nev
er be alone. In the shell he picks up pn
in the grain of sand and the niorning dew
be sees enough to employ hfs mind for
hoursi Such a mind is never idle. He
studiVs the works of his Maker which he
sees" alt artfond him, awl find pleasure
Of wbtyb the devotee of.sm and pleasure
j I vj'.'il." , '1 Lo tu;ie !';.... ! i n ; ,,ricly js cay
and uncrri-iiionious. Never unuYi take to'
go through with a bit of fine manners
when the intentiorr is transparent one "
should be natural, acting always as if one
could not !
the great secret of a good manner is to
forget, yourself. Conscious people must
find it hard to avoid awkwardness. 0ns -
formality is practised in this favored land
to a fearful extent. -tThn-further south
you go. the worse it is. We mean that
of introducing. Smith, of Mississpl meets
his friend Brown, of Alabama, walking
wjth Jones, of Tennessse. Rrown instant-
ly cries. Mr. Sn.ii.ih, Mr. Jones of Ten
nessee!". They advance, shake bands,
fall back and toochThrfr beaverr.Crrra
gentlemen, let's take a drink I What
shall it be ? AH drink. " Jones then swr
Thompson approaching Mr. Smith, Mr.
Thompson, of Texas more shaking of
hands, more touching of beavers, more
drinking, and, so on ibrtjugh the entire
thirty States. A trayellel once told me
that he had undergone foAteen introduc
tions and fourteen itn ultions to "liquor ia -
one eve.iing at a club, in a southern city.
At the north, he gets oil by the shake of
the hand another odious custom. The
band should never be given except to a
friend or a pretty woman.
' 1 he true rule is never to introduce
unless Ihere is an express reason for ma
king two people acquainted."-
We must add, on "our . own authority.
that pro nt is the proper word for this
kind o( acquaintance making.
ISiiLiliSC-uxiiie, nn the suhjecti
the conjugal relations.
We will quote
an extract or two :
A bachelor is a .nerson who enirvva
j r j
vervlbing and who pays for nothing.
Nevertheless, most men marrv, at least in
this country, lining married, they should
never trouble Ihe enjoyment of the bache
lor by fondling their wives in his presence.
or bestowing any manner of public ten
derness upon them. There is nothing in
worse taste. I he bystanders are sure to
be either envious or unhappy, for it is a
hitter thing. Shakpare lelljsus, to look at
happiness through another mans eyes
or tbey think the sentiment misplaced, and
are disgusted. Every Benedict should
economize tlio exuberance of his affec
tion, and keep it to sweeten tete-a-tetes,
Ie will want it before be gets to the
And we add our directions to the "af
flicted," never to talk about Mrs." in put
Up, nor about any other near relative.
If -is a - secondary form of egotism, and
"The system of making a parade or
procession of a marriage ; going to Phila
delphia in a white bonnet, wearing orange
flower and hi idl lace to balls after the
weMingTs uft -people.
I tjiink with great justice. It i
very well for John when he marriesiSti
san, to take her to Jersy City and'oack,
for a "pleasure ride," as the Westerns call
it, to sit with her hand in bis rt" 'he way
over and back agin, btjfentlemen ought
to know better and jsfay at home.
" By ihe.wr.yoiCmv countrymen, when
you semi out, your wedding curds, do not
put jour name and hers in the left hand
corner of the pasteboardas if you bad -erfeied
into a cormnercial arrangementr "
ind'-wish to give the names of the firru;" "
jlf-a-4au has to couyeyJus wile nnd
mother-in-lavy, (poor follow I) thereby ma
king what in call (l in Massachusetts, a
Lym couple, "two gals and a fdlcf" let
him beware of olLuitig an arm yr -each, "
and walking sandwich hetweenhem.
An offence against appearance, which
could not be tolerated, even in (MeriotlS
male, accompanying two strongi Vinded
sisters from an anniversary mcctiS fat the
Tabernacle. . . , " .
How Fortunes are Acquired in Havana.
is a weii Known fact that nearly all
the merchants and shop keepers of 'Ha
vana aro native Spaniards;, and, as I
have before stated, they are not only con
tented, but fanatically devoted to the
Spanish Government. A large propor
tion of this class carne to Cuba as adven
turers, and began life as clerks on small .
salaries. Alter accumulating five hun
dred dollars, iht-y would purchase a share
in a joint stock slave trading company ;
and, in the course of a year or two, receive
a profit in the shape of a dividend amount-
j'njr to Ten" thousand 'dollars, which sum,
re invested in the same business, soon
then generally returned to Spain to spend
their ill gotten fortunes, leaving a crop of
clerks to follow in the footsteps of their
inhuman predecessors. It is, perhaps, not
eenerallv known lhat some of our New"
wealth has been attiibuted to the sugar
business, Ifave de'rived their largest revel
nues from capital slyly invested in the
rdave trade, l'ersons who are curious in
such matters may leafti further particu
lars by rhakinsr inquiries in Havana"" '"s':
" Cvr. New York Minnr. -
' Its Effects. The success of the Eric's
son hot air ship, must and will lead Iq
some singular revolutions. It- will anni
hilate explosions injure the business of
coronors drive wooden legs out of the
market, and give a buoyancy to ship build
ing such as'has nof'bren felt since Alex
der rrojisrd the 11 ctlmspont in a onJ trorse "
Hot air engines will give nn'immenso
impetus to cjlmJer building, will knock
boiler shop's iito-a cocked -hat - Steam
eers- will-be reduced from men of the first