,1 t.H JmiM .
. . ... v SJT. fifn
arch 4, 183
r ,,,ii... suitable I other, raih
'!! .:.....;..inces. nnder which I have been
preside over lh
mrt with a profound
..fM,il.itlH. oil' WHB nothing
rehensb.n. t wjmrwitar?ww
!Ld m. i"'1 " " ml Im
"TLa-etable ,,,r '("'!'. ftiikW'
ureieicfte f my f.er. !
n i.! ,b. ' '. ,ru,y r, ,h' r
V'"'1"" of 'the nation ewifidence; but
""Isrlrom listening my obligations, only
HioibHr weight. Vu have iMinned we
Zil. WVi7 I wfcTi'ir tor the- bilrilmeoi u
ibl rrquiteinents, you will be un
: (ike great .jdiaiqlf tJMcfcJt!lMl.6
n within th" quarter of the ceo
,d the roiiseqnent auguieiilli..n and
illfiiij of duties imposed, in the adininte-
both of jour hum and foreign sffiirs.
fWhi-r the elements of inherent force in
kr R-pi(li- t'Mire kept pace wiib its unparal
d in i",rr,Hry piMit'".
mI, baa been the sobject-ol r though'
Jilicuioii, on both sides ol ibe ocean. .
LJiuiri . . . . -- .,
r.,..,,irv made " the" I hen " recenriTrces-
Ll ibf'impiriaiii Stale of Noith Carolina
WC'Htoliiution "i 'he Uni'ed States," one
Like tutijfri of hi special conjiraiulmion
Ltti a.xiirui. bowrtrr, whn ib KimiNM
Hurwui " wmhi ill rfolwiiiurjf trujg'-e hd
QlMubsidfd, whrll writ jurf eiirjjliig
mibe kiir "d eirtrrmini'liif of Ibr
iioWfriin, iber w fi pvidiii rincioi
m l vigor, equal iu the grai ntiion
meljiiiil liuvelj lultillfd bj wur Inibvf. I'
ntl i -prfnmjiium aiiurmn r, but ralin
prixitc lm clear viw of I hi- aource
'(iwi-r, in jfovfriinienl rintiiiiicd like oura.
) to parallel to nay ihat. alih- ujjb compar
fl; fk, the new. born nation wii inirin-
"lit iiroii). Iiicotioiderabln in population
d ianMil (eour'e. ii upheld by a
M ami inif llijjeni riiiMeli-ilxioH ol righu.
Win all rrviliiitf puiMie to iiMiiilalii I be in,
; anger Hin armament. It caie fmin tbe
mrt ill lb remliliion. Ienieiel In the lie
Mi" of the iime. Tlie Ihoiifrhi iif
n u i ha i day eie a prai'iurwl aa their
iium-mi. ! uttrioiav 1'trey wa?f?!t n
fmio ol ilieir eneigo-i iipoo ifle ami deluie
lii.ierW-mh. a ttwn and fearleH ateji
dpyiiiiit tbr 7r5rwvnlew"a,irr
4i hail bii
1 hart biiherio i-iMMirn-cntied the Imiii l
u liecdom. and planted their ulalMlMrd
fin 'I ban tliMrft. aitaiiiot ilan!'i which have
Jbraiaued ltm aUrdd Mierual asuatlMH
iikb baa al Tune feailully menaced at h e.
faey iiiti-d thMMfvei eqoitl tbe mlmun
llWrai problem, lutrnderatand ta bicb tfieii
mida bad been illuuiii.aieil by the (Uwiiihk
jut iit: the, revirlmtoii. The object "jjbt
lunula iliinu dreai-d it a lliioj;
Wll'it. Tin) Iih(1 ell.it.ii'd liol i.liU the
i a" hi-e, i.ui lir all histi'iy -atfit hi
ftn imeb mire iimi.imI. ib Jeapai-M t
imniHi The i.pjtri-Mid br(hI :ibif.-Wil'l.
fa laal (In) io ibe .ie.nil, bae lurii'-d-ibeir
nhniiciaiil, nut in find IhuKC llhia eilin
jjSC lltlJfejIlJbl- lbeb?ldj.wftj!!il
'fW-fbatiatttiy. c4MMrv4Mjpba4ebd :sud
lilt ibia, ntir cuunirtr baa, in my juHirmenl,
"Miitiy. It ha ipikrt, and will conlitiu
I'll, nut only Ii) h wui(ti but by it a t. th
tfie ol vinpaili), encimratfeuienl and
1,4 ij.nse, u4 rwfiifnil li.len t 4Mien,
'Stcb primmiiu'e I'.ir the laiget lattoiial liter
' But. after all, i he int amiiuiUtlit eneoui
plltem and pi ilr ill appeal lor lieedolll will be
o hictiiiy. ila liiitl and h uiunipba.
Eminently the power ol oor advueacy re.
iatiioiiur riHiiiple, lint not etamiile, be it re
an be poweiful lor lattiig gMid,
tiif'd appaieiii adtantajje mav be named.
1 U nt baaed 'upon eternal pifn-iplen ol
iidjiilire. Our btibeia decided lor them.'
"".both upon the hour tu declare and the hour
'Unite, They were their own judgetut ib eir
iiicra, under which it ccamt laem to
Hl'iaMch oiher their live, their fi.rtiwea,
ktii laried honor,' fur lb arquUiiion l tbe
I"!! inheritance liainmitled to u. The
""(J with which that great conflict wa open
, l. umlrr the .fluidaitftt.of a 1011 ilet and
''li'eiil PiondeiM-e, the uiu-oiiiplainiiig en
w,icb ( wa( preculed l ila
"wnmaiinn, wera only triaad by ih
't and patriotic jMf ol eotceaeHHi wbcb
WieiiMd ali i ib CQUuaila of lb rariy fit
V l lh moat impreaai eidencea f that
'"do i 10 Im found in lh fad, thai lha ac
1 f, our ayalein baa dinpelled a de
N (if wlicltiule. whi. h. ( ih ooinel.diatiirb.
TSinv ' j j I
- 1 1. , . i.t
SI. Bhi tin wit Siai.. aormniilated wealth.
- , - .
'2. 8 mmfa population, aaa proven 10 -.Jwainded.
The (tars upon your bauuer huve
,euntf nearly three told their original numler.
(baarly popiiliiird poaaession skirt ibe
jM the two (real oceans, and yel tbi
i'eae u( people and territory haa not
t town iinvir compaiibte with the harino.
J wtioa of Hie Siatea and the federal gi-:
2"' in their repeclive consMtu'iooal
i M hiia afforded an addiltonal guar
Yf Ihe strength and jniejjrhy ol both.
. in etoeirence (hit mrifeiie tknd
Bit.. . . . 1 . I..
Iblbe policy of my adinmiattation ill
J '(M,,,.i. , Indeed, it i. , lo b.
Wdtbat .., a,.i,..d- .. . ...d ...r
NMhe gtoK render ihe acquisiiin.. of
lM...roB..rnli " our jlw.cion. '
4Vl, hnp,,an. t,r .r pretec-ion; if not,
Mum),,, .t ... 1 r ..
fcj.v. T vommerca-ana inat weace m , j , , ,- . . . ii
.SWdib.rW.MameoVi. wall.U, du-ie, .0 Upeib.rmed 'VJJ
J gr.spmg ,pi,. ,,, a view.f cla.m,.he protection f nd the be
Z- at i,i.eiad srrwiiu .tdJn aga iH!KrH Kmi but clam
. . - n conniierca. and IIM oeace ia ine
"etnarbmal faith. .-WV have' aon- 'Refer reeV.se. -N-s rea.nnable man.ol.any
lh,.'ry or pn..,r.. lo inv'.t. aggre. 1 party w.H e.p..? tb
h, ' ku e. bl. vt- it a tJi aidless ef It tsspoawbvltty. aaiat lbs ibu
J. J. HliUNER,
Elitor ty Proprietor, --
rtiitititn ol relationa ol peace aud amity wiib
all nation. PurHwe, thereP.re, at once jiirt
and pactttc, wit m aigniticawly maided iu tba
i titidurl td our b.ieiga aff.ii.. I intead thai
iy administration (hall leatj no bl.M tlmii our
(air record. and trut I may aafely gira ibe aa
auiance that no art whbin ihlegititnale- acope
td my cn.iitii,ml control will be inlerated,
on Ibe pait id' any portion u( our cttixe-na, which
'.'' ehlUeiige aveady ittel4N,lelf
the tribuiial'..f the civilised wurld. An admin
i.t ration wnuJd be unworthy of contidetica at
borne or re.pe. t abroad, abould il ceaae to b
influenced by tba cHiciion. thai no apparent
adViiuKe can be purchaaed at a price an dear
aa that of national wrung or diebmior. It in
nH your pivilejt, nation, to apeak of a.
dicta ih paat. Tbu air iking incident . of your
hiarfly,- replete wiib Wiution, and luiuisLtina
abundant ground for boiielul contidenee, are
cuinpriaPolirieTToff comparaiiTely In ieK--But
tl your paal ia limited, your future ia bound
lea. 1 tiblijiatioua throng the uneiplored
pathway ol advanceineat, and will be limitleai
a duration. Hence, a aound and coinpreben
policy abould embrace, not !ea Ihe diatant
future, than the urgent prevent.
The great object of our purauit aa a people
are bt to be attained by peace, and are en
liiely cuiiaiateiit with the tianqniliiy and inter.
leata tf ih feLol mankind. With the neiah
boriiig nation upon our cnntiuenl, wa abould
cultitrata kindly and fraternal relationa. We
caii deaire uothiug in regard to tht-m so much
aa to aee them consolidate their alrangth, and
putaue the paih priperily and bappinea.
It, in ibe c,oarae of their growth, we abould open
Jtaw channel id trade, and create addili-mal
lactlitie lor Iriendly inieri'ourae, ibe' benefit
realized will be equal aud mutual. Of Ihe com.
plicated European vyatem of national policy
we he heretofore lieen iiidependenl. From
tbeir war, their tumult and aniiettet, we bae
been, happily, atml enliiely eiempl. Whilst
lhee are- confined Jo Ihe nation which gave
1 hem eiisieni-e, and within their legitimate
r;adiclio1i,ltiey cannot eff-cl a they appeal l
our y mpaibiea in the can of human fieedom
and iiniveial adtaiicemeni. Dot the vaal in
1 treat ul uniuiiieri-e are cimnioii to all man
kind, aud the advantage of trad and interna
tional intercom e tntipf alway pretent a noble
Held l.ir ihe in-iial inH'ience ol a g' eat people,
W11I1 ihe if liunly and lionenily car
ried out, we have a right to eipeci, and shall
wider all ctrriJtiiat aiice req tire, prompt recip
rot'ity. 'Ibe rtlii which lelong to u aa a
iBlltjB;.WE'JnJ:.!it' wr Vw. hgLMxiaiithaUhms1
a bicb pertain to erei citizen in hi itidivid'ial
capacity, al home and abroad; inul lie sacred
ly inaiuiaiurd. 80 Idiijj a he can difcern ev
ery atar in iu place upou that en.nign, without
wealth l pim Ua-e br bim preferiueiti. or iitla
li secure lr him place, it will be his privilege,
and mift be hi ackuow l-d.d right, to stand
ilialmrbed even iu the pretence of prince, with
a ptiiud coUM'ioiiniM' thitt he i him$eil one of
a nation ol meieiatm. and ihat lie eannol, in
lenitiiiiate inruiii, wamler ho la r from home,
iliai the ajjeiii. to. 111 he bll leave beliuul in
ihe place which J now occupy, will not see that
un rude iiaud ol p..wer or tyrannical passioii i
mid up.u htrt wnh tminminy. ! real
tie, upon every ea, and am every soil, where
our ruierprtse may rihtluilt eek the prutei-
viotable panoply fur the ermiiy tf American
riahts. And. in tbi eonneiiun, rr can hardly
be neceasar lo- re-aflirm- -iirlttctpbr who h
ritflit. aeetiriiy. and repose of ihi "CoiiiWje'racy
M-jeci the ida ol inleil-rence or colonization.
011 this side of the ocean, by any foreign power,
lie ood pre.eul j-iridiclion, aa Mllerly iniidini
aib!e. . '
Tb opportunities of observation, furnished
by my biiel eiieiience a a oldier, coufiimed
111 my own mind ibe opinion, entertained and
acted upon by other Iroin the loirnnlioti ot the
g.iverliuienl, that the maintenance of large
standing armies in our cinniiry would be uoi
only dangeiou bul unnecesearyi They alao
illnstrafed the importance. I mtgbl welt say ibe
absolute necessity, of the military science- and
practical skill furnished in aw h an etninent de
gree by the iiiciiiuiioii, which ha made your
army What it is, under the discipline and in
i rod ion ol officer not mnr distinguished for
tbeir solid attainment, gallantry, and deaollon
lo the public aervice, than for unnlrirusive bear
lug aiid high moral lone. The army, a or
gaiiized, must be the nuelewa. around which, in
every lime j need, the airengib id your milita
ry power, the aura bulwark of your delence
a nafl'tiiat milili way b readily lowned inlo
well disciplined and emcnsni organization
. l-l' fl"-!?"" "'-,:'-U .
1 And iha. ,kili,aidalC-aaioii.m
are you thai yiitTm'ey take rhypertormanca of,
Ibe past a a pledge for ibe future, and may
' . ..1. . .I.,.. .1.- I . ukl-iW kaa Ufa
COilDdeuriy eipec inai 'no ig, wuivn - - -ed
il untarnished fold over every ea, will
stilt float in undiniinished honor. But lhaae,
like niany oihervdijed, ; WtH be appropriately
line many oiner ijtt.i, w... i--
.n, t rt. n,wiitf.f ,r-lbairli
urouicnt. ai luiurr ihiki
' . . , .. .
i:...i. .r...i-kai nf the trovernineal. lo
l"i - ry -
which I shall alwaya look with proiound re
jiect, and with irustful confidence that ihey
will accord lo me the aid and uppoil, which 1
bait much need, and which ibelreiparience
aiid wisdom will readily iuggel.
In t be adminielraiion of diMnet afTair. you
e Ijiecl a tlesoteil iaiiegrity in ihe public aervice,
and an 'observance ofilgld economy in all de
parimeut. so marked a never lobe justly que,
tinned. II (hit reasonable eipectatiuu. be rim
realized, I frankly conies bai one of yur lead
- a . 1., . : ... s sBsnl
rag b...a d.,.ei .s-ppom. - . -
mui. re.ul. in a b.nil ia.tng a.l tre. Offit.r.
can be properly, regarded only in le ighl ol
id. fc.r the acc.mplUh.nenl rd these
and ..occupancy ca.tc.ler no prerogultva. nor
i..,,.rto...ie desire (or oreiero.etd any clai.ru
.1.... i.. ...wi.trl wild aole relerence lo- the
" Stlf a CHKCtcrOff all you
- ' R CLE IS.
elrmeal o( cuccess, a lit retain peron,
kbown-to onder the influence oi political
iboeiility and partizan prejudice, in positions,
wbieb will requite, not only sever labor, 4ml
cordial cu operation Having no implied en
gagement lo ratify, no rewards to bestow, no
resentment to remember, and no pemonai
wishes ia cbuIi, in electiout lor ufficial
ttaiion, i shall lulfil ibis difRi-ull and delicate
my character or position, which doe not con
remphirtraTn1cieiitTiiargrijfa best interest of my rountry. 1 1 acknowledge
my obligations lo be Ihe masses ol my country.
men, and to them alone, Higher object than
personal aggrandizement gave diieciion aud
energy lo their etertion in the late canvass,
and they shall not be disappointed. They re.
quite at my hand diligence, integrity, and ca-
pactty. where ye f Tbfre arg dulte to ba pe rfm
ed. Without these qualitie in tbeir public er
vnl. more stringent laws, lor the prevention
or punishment of fraud? negligence and specu
lation, will be vain. With them, they will be
But these are not the only points, tn which
you look for vigilant watchfulness, The dan.
gers of a concentration of all power in tbe gen
eral government of a confederacy so vat a
ours, are too ubvtoua to be disregarded. You
have a right, therefore, lo eipeci your agents.
In every deparlnienl. To regard StrfClty The fhnirt
imposed upon ibem by tbe Constitution of the
Untied btatea. (be great scheme ol our eon
atitutioiial liberty reals upon a proper diairibu.
lion ol power between the State and Federal
authorities, and eiperience has shown, that the
harmony and happiness ol our people must
depend upon a just discrimination bet ween the
separate rights and responsibilities ol the Stale,
and your common right and obligation under
the general government. And here, in my
opinion, are the consideration, which should
form ibe true basis ol future concord in regard
to the question which have most seriously dis
lurbed public tranquility. If lbs federal gov.
ernmenl will cjonttiie it sell to the eiercise o(
powers clearly granted by the Constiiuiion, il
can hardly happen that its action upon any
question should endanger ihe inatil iilions of the
States, or interfere with their right lo manage
matters strictly domestic according to ibe will
ol their own people.
In eipreesing briefly my views upon an im
piillaul rut jecU. w hich baa recently agitated
ibe nation to .aliMuM a learful degree, I am
moved by iio$ther impulse than a irmsl earnest
di-stre fur ihe peprtuaiiim ofitiat Union, which
ha made u what we are. showering upon
11 blessings, and conferring a power and in
fluence, which our lathers could hardly have
anticipated, even with their most sanguine hopes
directed to a Ur tdT tutors. The sentimenta l
now announce were not unknown before
the eipresiiin ol the Voice which called me
here."7 My own position upon this subject wa
clear and unequivocal, upon the reroid ol my
word and my act, and it is only recurred to
al this lime because silence might, peihaps,
be iiiiscousf rued. Wuh ihe Union, my best
anil dt-aiesf earl lily hopes are entwined. With
out it, what are we, imlii idually or colleclivel) 7
What liecoiiie ol tbe noblest field ever opened
lor Ibe advancement of our race, in religion, in
government, in the aits, and in allihut dignifies
and adorns mankind t From thar radiant; con"
siellation, which both illumine our own way
and points out to Mruggtii g nations their course.
let but a single star be lost, and. il there be not
Do my countrymen need any. assurance ihat
uch a catastrophe is not in overtake them, hile
I posses the power to stay it ? Il i with me
an earnest and vital belief, that as the Union
has been the source, under Providence, ol our
proDpeiity lo ibis lime, so it is the surest pledge
ul a continuance vl the blessings we have en.
joyed, and which we are sacredly bound lo
transmit undiminished tn our children, Tbe
held of calm and tree discussion in our count rv
is open, and will always be so, but il never
ha bee ii and never can be Iravs red for guotf
in a spirit ot sectionalism and uticharttableness.
The kiunders of ibe Republic dealt with things
a they were presented 10 Ibem, in a spirit ol
self-saerificing patriotism, and, a lime has
proved, wiib a comprehensive wisdom, which il
will always be sale for us lu consult. Every
measure tending to strengthen the fraternal leel
iugs of all the members of our Union, ha had
luy heartfelt approbation. To every theory of
society or government, -whether the- rifl"pringj
ol levertsh ambition or of morbid enthusiasm,
calculated lo dissolve the bond of law and affec
tion which unite u, f hall interpose a ready
and alern resistance. I believe that involunta.
Aiuacuuicde r acy , J recogn ized by the Con
siituiion. I believe that il stands like any IS"
er adiniiied right, and that ibe States where it
eiisls are enittled lo efficient rernedie to en
force ibe constitutional provisions. I bold that
the laws of 1860, commonly called the "compro.
- - -? ..... . w.. .. . .
w,ti am,MrtMrMa.H agai ititt...ktii..l.n.n.L. .n.ti.,1
r . - -
....;. .,:..! -..:j .:. 11..
to be unhesitatingly carried into effect. I be
lieve thai the constituted authorities of this Re-J
public are bound to regard ibe right of the
South In this respect, a they would view any
other legal and constitutional r(ht, and that
the law to enforce them should be respected
aud obeyed, not with a. reluctance encouraged
by a ( 1 act opinion as to iheir propriety in a
different" stale of society, but Cheerfully, and
according to the decisions of the tribunal Id
which their exposition belong. Such have
beep, aud are, my convictions, anil upon I hem
I shall set.' 1 .errantly hope that the ques
tion is at rest, and that no sectional, or am
bntoos, or fanatical excitement may agatn
threaten ihe duiability of uUr institutions, or
obscure ihe light of our prosperity.
liul let not ibeWoundation of our hope rest
upon man's wisdom. It will not be sufficient
t bat sectional prejudices "find no place in ibe
public delinerKtijnii. ft wilt nor b snffiefent
tbai tba tasb counsel of -human passioaara.re..
letted-, It must be. felt, that tbre is no na.
liunal seariiy but, in- Jhc;nai,un' kumble C-'I
-Wa bate been car j red ia safety tbroHgh pe-
liloua ctisis WUS -cxwtUrlike tbusa aiucb
Do THIi, ltl t.lRrST VIS tiTt.'
gave u the Constiiuiion, prevailed to uphold it,
Let the period be remembered a an admonHon,
and not as an encouragement, in any section
of tbe Union, to make experiments where ei
perlments are fraught w ith such fearlul hazard.
Let it be impressed upon all hearts, lb; beau
tiful tl our fabric ia, no earthly power or wi
dom could ever re unite its broken fragments.
winumn a uu liifsiivv, niium view vi mo
e r ' ' - "
Standing a I do almost within view of the
within reach ol Ibe tomb of Washington, with
alhbu cherlihed niehioiief oPrbf pasl gather
trig around me, like so niany eloquenl voice id
eihoriation from Heaven, I can express no bel
ter hope for my country, than that ibe kind
Providence; which smiled upon our Fathers,
may enable tbeir children to preserve the
blessing ibey have inherited.
From the Raleigh Register. ,
From the Diary of a North Carolinian,
at present travelling in Europe, com
municated to a friend in this City :
Naples, Dec. 13. 1852. Am again at
sea, on boad the Orontes, bound for Con
stantinnplel Shall resume my Diary or
Note Book. long lost and forgotten amidst
the "first impressions" and of a Backwoods
man abroad. Indeed, it is atnasinyTroogh
to recur to these "impressions; coming
from the new world to the old.onc imagines
himself endowed with double visionbe
sees, or thinks he sees, so many sights,
and all so strange. He begins bis "notes,"
and silly enough, notes down everything.
He pasxes on to France, to Germany, to
Switzerland, to Spain or to Italy. Every
step is another change something newer
mill. At last novelty ceases to surprise
habits and customs grow at once "fam
iliar as household words." He finds a mo
ment's leisure, and glances over tbe first
few pages of that "Note Book," and is
horrified at ihe idle stuff it contains ! I'd
give hundreds jusl to peep into somebody'
elser Fortunately, mine "gave out" at the
very beginning. The few pages I made
shall, however, long be preserved ,-ns the
greatest curiosity J' ve yet-seen." They
are never to "sen the light ol other eyes,"
and are now dubbed and buried Tbe
lollies of a Traveller."
But a word for Naples. The Italians
nave a sayings :See Na pies arid d 1
lndeed.it is worthy of the praise. There
is no Bay like the Bay of Naples! no Is
I lands like Capri and lschia. There too
are Lake. A vernus ; and the; ..Ctassje snores
of Buiac. where Csesnr mid Cicero had
their villas, and where Horace and Vir
gil loved lo live, "amidst these scenes of
gay delight." Then, bless my sourrwhal
a climate 1 Think of reen peus for dinner
every day the year round ! Yesterday I
Kaw.lhousamls of moat beautiful and ten
der fldvvcra; but, like a practical man.
uniting tbe useful with tbe sentimental,
1 conies. myself most affected at the sight
o a cotton ,.e,o; w,, tm.
blaant ui DedembcrJ,. Alter ...alL Aeauv.ius
. .. .. l:. 1.1 L. u l........u ;n A. 1
. " L ' . 1 e -
VlStl- tO - iptrsi tm!.nm.MTi w v vno
find ntilhtns' to compare to the -latter.
all ! And oh I my eyes! rare among the
curious, there is a lady's toilet complete
even to the box of Rouge I But fare
well to Naples. I've strolled for the last
time amidst the ruins of Pompeii and Her
culaneutn. and roasted my last eggs on tbe
crater of Vesuvius I
Dec. 15. At Malta, a beautiful, neat
town ; but am disappointed4nhe Palace,
Cathedral and Armoriaof the Knights of
St. John. The trophies, armor and wea
pons of warlare here bear no comparison
to those in London or Madrid. The for
tifications," however, are vast and magni
ficent superior even to those of Gibral
tar. Here I had placed under my care by
the American Consul a country womanv
who excited no little admiration among
all on board the steamer, Mrs. Hay, the
niece of a former President (Madison.)
and friends, and with a little son, and a
41 -I..-..-.I l.i..l,ir hi-a iih alone the
small awijm-wB ..r
daners of the deep, and goes as
sionary Teacher to the shores of down-
r. on &An. snend a. dnv at Smvr
p - viir - w. - --"r 1
t ... -.IRr. onH
na, where two yoong Russianoflicers and
If. findins a French Steamer bound
for the coasts of Asia Minor and Syria,
suddenly change our course, and" strike
for the "Holy Land. We see but little of
Smyrna; but little, however, satisfied us.
It is a large and important City, but de
void of beauty, except from the sea, whence
it only dazsles to deceive. I visited the fam
ily of the N. C. Missionary, Rev. J. B- John
son.ol Iredell, who seemed wonderfully de
lighted with my call, and chaperoned nie
every where I wished to go. Tells me 1
am the first citizen of North Carolina be
ever saw in S.. though he has been there
19 years. At 5 "P. M. we go on th Sea
mander, and such a sight I In tbe cabin
were some five or six Europeans, and on
dek about 15QXMrkrCrfeekirrAtr
"atis. Arabs. Eihiopinns, and Jews,, they
too toond for Jerusnlem. and oorcotnpan.
nt (We lea dm s to come 1 HoweKer, r
rd.dt hold ot,r ani will b
iiv-iVi nnra,, ioot . is stnnd " " ' ' A-1 wnere ooes one see -a grearer varieiy .
erate pagan Homans just as it stood , h , , plltr(.(i .heGnrden of Gdh r 1 .u....?.. P.,;..
teen centuries ago-streets. temples ; - ; . ....... Hhove th Gr VT " 7 a?' " a r:.VmnT...' S
. baths, shops, walks, gardens and , . . .. mii ' frnM ,hm , " . ' " 1 j
rV.ir rhance Tor se 'OB atidtrtud- tfi 0MtfCeriatn1y didllanc-ei ami d-tnerrfxern Mee,,. c
C rlPrisKntty anbthet proCfssi otit'pany, WH meet at the Depo
VOLUME IX NUMBER 45.
Dec. 22 Li fid nd tspetid 'a' day at
Rhodes a most interesting city all in
ruins, but filled' with the : architecture,
arm, inscription,elics and ' trophies of
the Koighis of St. John, of thn erusnders.'
Dec. 25. Spend Christmas at the little
tillage of Scandereuin, used as the Fort
of Aleppo and DnmnscuS. " Upon hospl
I . , , , n A I ' i
.... n.U ... M n II il.. it.Akllallull
we paid our respects fo all the dignitaries
and officials. - Were of course received
with tbe marked respect due ourselves,
and tbe great countries we represented '.
were treated time and ngairr, hour by hour,
to tbe everlasting; chibouque, coffee and
sherbet of the EasJt. There 1eing no
American Consul. I called first on the En-
gl.su. ami lound htm on a "big spree a
fcinoVi nteMtgent matt; but sobjercittarbt
nlmost universal infirmity of tbe Anglo
Saxon race. No people in the world
drink like the English, Irish, Scoicb, and
Americans. In all Southern Europe and I
Asia, 1 ve seen only two drunken men
one Spaniard and one Greek. Through
with our visits, one of the Russians and
myself muster up two old guns and go
hunting; but no game. Tbe gazelle
abounds, here, but can only be caught
W44be gHtymrrd Lte-
0 J r. ....
ing, return to the Steamer; indulge in a
glorious dinner, and remember our coun
try, our friends, and the fair.
- - a
Dec 30. Sail from Bcirit for Jaffa
are driven back by a steamer to Haifa
near Acre where the Russians and my
sell, joined by an Austrian, venture "to
part company" with tbe pilgrims on board,
and proceed by land to the Holy City.
Failing to find hotel, house or but til to
sleep in at the miserable village, we mount
some Syrian ponies and go to Mt. Cartnel.
(a few hours off.) where we are most
cheerfully and hospitably received by Ihe
Monks of the Convent '; and are delight
ed with the splendid view from this sa
cred spot all wot thy of the miraculous
display of divine power, in the issue be
tween Elijah and the Prophets of Baal.
The sea, the sites of. Tyra and Sidon,
the mountains of Lebanon, tbe hills of
Samaria and Gnlilee, the plain of Esdra
elon. and the yale of Sharon, all in one
glorious panarama before us. Here loo
we met with the Coreb, or "Locust" tree,
of the Scriptures, resembling tbe apple
T . " rZ'Z'." f 7' '. ' """ '"LZT"".:
JanCarv. 4, 1853 With the rising sun
we enrtbe galea of tbe Holy City of
Jerusalem that city oyer which the Sa
viour wept, and which was once declared
"Ibe perfection of beauty." 1 hasted lo
the spots enomeraied by the eye of Fniih,
as tbe scenes of so many nacred events
of the glory of Solomon, the lamentations
of the Phrophefs. tbe sufferings of Christ,
the preachings of l-lie Apostles and of the
wisdomV the power, the mercy
r J.. , r st :: . S
wratn 01 uoti
wrath of God. Ffrst io the Mosque of
stood the temple of the
Lirrf." down Jhe !vi': Dolorosa, along
of which the splendour of the city and sur
rounding scenes first broke forth In H
their beauty. The Holy City, the Uead
Sea, Ibe mountains "beyond Jordan," the
Desert of India, ths wilderness of St. John,
the valley of Jehosaphat. the barren rocks,
the gfoves of Fig and Olive, Mt. Zton.the
Tombs 6T t he Ki
er objects eqaalfy sfrtkingand wreresting,
all open upon the view. Late this even
ing I went to the Holy Sepulchre, where
griel and sorrow weep ior sname. 1 ne
Convent huilt over this spot, so dear to the
Christian, is virtually in possession of the
Turks, who stroll through it smoking chi
bouques, whilst Greeks and Armenians
disgrace the sacred rejics wilh the most
ridiculous and disgusting superstitions.
But weary with the fatigues of the day, I
T m '.. OIL
retire gratified wih the attainment of one
' ... : l . tL ' 4w ..: L k ... . a..n. .1..- . . . - . : r
ut" """ " ..".r. f-etivwtm itits t-rerman town,intts.iuir . r
Tomorrow we go to oethlebetnf the l omb
of Rachel, and other places of sacred in-.
Jax. 6.- To day bid adieu to Palestine,
with its wild, desolate mountains, its cool
vales, its beautiful flowers and Its verdant
fiendMTmpostn'g now what- arrTWey"
not in April or May? At II A. M. we
set out from Gaza across the Desert for
Cairo. Gaza is a rare old town noted
in Scripture, and particularly famous as
the city of which Sampson "carried off
the gates, bars and all." What is singu
lar for a Turkish town, it has no gale
even now. -Whilst our camels were load
ing. a procession passed by. which turned
out a curious spectacle. It was a group
of Arab women, all veiled and in black ;
next came a still larger group, veiled but
in white. The latter formed a circlesur
rounding the former, when they set up the
strantrest possible "concord of sweet
bands, wkk rl-s6rs of steps, bops, and
. nnii mnvemeni in nil incir
. . . n . k.i-
J . . . . .
actions. The singing w. piamme.yei
o rapid audiaauch-iitpe as lasl.it very
.. .11 ii ,tPinW I felt exeeedinsrlv like
:...lf,SI.i..J'l-.-l,,f""'.T.T'.... r .." " " 1 J
l-ll rU ci.s.j .-.
1 1 i, ." (..,. Ai.; ti.t . .1 t
cliiii.ii., Mi, whs the chief mourner i
father of the deceased- Tliey in blaclv.
were the female relations, rejoicing thnt
be had gone t Paradise. As well as I
could learn, their rejoicings re bad only.
when males die, as it is doubtful if females
are ad mi 1 ed a t a II jn Mahomet'a Heayea.
Certain it is. whiie the men pray regu-"
larly five times a day, the women seem
never to hava any concern about religion; .
not having, aa l bey jsuppose, any soul,
to save. Indeed, throughout the East,
some fatal belief has 'stumped them a
worse than slaves. If love of aoniirattoa:
be (as has been said by some woman hats
ting author.) the ruling passion of theser
here in the East they are never allowed
to enjoy i t--for nofemaIci can T aprwarTnv
publia wit bout being so utterly iledas;
to prevent the view of a single featore.--
Heavens, too I such horrid veils, and aw-.
ful JBlooiners" as the poor creatures ara
rhnde lo wear. To day we all were oblige
ed to mmmt Camels tbe JJesert begin-:
ning al Gaza. When goitAslow the tnoi
tion is easy, but "sleepy" aUt.it almosE.
Uerks one to pieces. My . "JSleed!Llirai.ii
noble fellow, except that tba mean oldj
thing would, every now and then, lie down,
with me. Our departure Itom Gaza was
quite imposing numbering 12 Camels
and a Donkey bearing tents, chairs, bed
and bedding, great barrels of water, sacks.
of coal, and coops of chickens and other
fowls. We hnve an eleven days journey;
before us, and are in tbe "care and keep-T
ing 01 seven Arabs, two uragomen,
tn.tr I. At mt H l HI
our tent at 5 I'. Al.
Jan. 15 To day for tbe first time tba
desert changed from vast bills of sand to
immense plains alternately sand and
pebbles we are evidently approaching
the Nile. Saw numerous gazelles. 0n
of our camels gave out. All suffered
greatly from heat this day. Travelled 16
hours, the guide once losing. the paths. .
Jan. 17. Rise at 1 and are off at 2 A.
M., and by 10 A.M. are at the gates of
Grand Cairo, where we change the Cam
els for Donkeys, (the fashiutjhle mode of
travelling here, and gallop up to tbe Bri
tish Hotel, all safe and sound. Am per
fectly delighted with the Oriental char
acter and appearance of Cairo. Stroll
through tbe Bazaars, visit the Mosqucsy
Baths, Citadel, kc; all fine.
Jan. 18. Am on my Donkey at 6 and
otTfor the Pyramids, 4 hours ride. Cross
the Nile ; see the Isle of Rhoda and Nil?
omcler. Am in raptures with the rich
ness and verdue of the Nile. The river,,
however, in size, bears no comparison to
many of those in America. Tbe Pjra-
mids fully equal my expectations in the
grand, wonderful and mysterious ; but tha
Spbynx close by is a humbug, ' Ascend
the great l' ratnid nnil hnve a magnificent
view of the Nile ami Desens. Return Id
Cairo; find some Americans and English
arrived; get some papers; indulge in a
native dinner of Turk, Arab and Egyp
tian dishes. Wyill he able to get a boat
to descend Ibe Nile in a few days, and
meet the steamers at Alexandria direct,
lor Europe. This has put me in a ttjost
Jan, 27. Am again on European soil, .
Land at Trieste, a neat Austrian Sea
'lurn ,hrotigh Germany to Paris.
Jan. 29 The English chaplain
sell, with our vnlet de place, set oil
the sights of Venice. I've seen mil
ties, and towns innumerable; but
my seeing, I've met with nothing til
pare with ihe varied, dnzzl'ng, profuse
1 icnness una granueur. 01 mm lauen ct'.y,:
Built upon the bosom of the Deep, strong
and proud4 tberpride of her people, she ;
l" . ' .
in every age. Lo building in me worm,
unites such a variety ol Architecture, such
a profusion of ornaments, as the church
of St. Mark. It combines all the rarest
beauties of Rome, Athens. Jerusalem,
. Alexandria and Constantinople. The Qucol
Pnlace is hot less remarkable, and the Pi
zza St. Mark has not its like on the
Gtobe.-V And there IS every kind oTSta-
nappy in producing artists, wno oreaioea
these, Venice ever stands forth as the em
blem of might, grandeur, and beauty.
See the master-piece of Titian, in which
he has portrayed her as a Goddess, amidst
the saints, breaking the bonds of oppres-
gated kingrtomrf rising-" the oceanf"she
sits on the Heavens, encircled by the yiP
fues and crowned with victory. Ah I that
1 could -have seen her in tbe dayof hef '
glory "beautiful Venice, the pride of the
sea." But she is shorn of her glory, and;
alas! bow fallen I
Jan. 30 To day began the Carnival s
and never -did my eyes behold such sights
ns this rare, old city now presents. She"
is fairly herself again. , But -my gray
goose quill9 is unequal to the task of de
rjp'We are requested to state that the
new Fire Engine purchased for . the City
has arived, and the members of the Fire
r. .0..',.. .p. rumiixivil ln!liirn nut lis.
-- - - --
LdAy, (Friday) at half past three ,oclk
1 on which occasion Ibe New Lngine wtlf
; ' - . . Ifc - a -
i aee :
sroii bufpany- wt meet- a ut wrpvi, r .