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0 / 75
$.1 l-.i !'" I.' !.;: i -i M.
ifiii iii.-i'i ; inn, Ciu! i in Jits
Iter ili.ni tlifw ran. A Itb-
i I, .1111(1 10 ttlOtr WHO lOWIIW MJf MIC Vtai.
jtlrfn 'I" Fetewburg Intelligancw. ' j '
I. jjjrerjlUnj In the way of information -7
Vfrif" Rppublici liiteresiing "to the
loffd &ce in lbi Prt or Virginia, we inwert
!. (oma,,J0icaiiin recently received ironri Mon
niii. bj il" Willimburgh Times, containing
r (Beouf rfgii'g tatemenl oJihe condition
'2 projpecli of that young Slate. We met
ji in ibe N. York Courier, from whose
in, we cheerfully iruusler it to our own":
i ABOUT LIBERIA.
5 ( following teller, addressed to the Wi.
' tlrg Timet, written by an inethgeiit
7rtdmn-Vbo emigrated froffi W iltianis
jj i0 Liberia a few inonibt ago. It will be
-- jftSto be is delighted with the change in bin
IpjoJiiion and prospects : i
AloMtoviA, Jan. 23, 1853.
promised to let vuu hear from ine when in
I beria, Alrica, hut, although I have been here
m awttlliit -Cni,0!i t...'..ij'ni. filMLjttU
ck ucouiit ol the place. Tin inil Kepnb-
Ik is w far ahead ol what 1 eipecied lo tiud it,
jour god people ol the Slates would
mrwij - tLtuk t were narrating truth, were T
dtciibe alt iLut 1 bae seen.' Liberia is a
tot, lenile country. The people are more
Jtkibtr iJLe(!iy Jespeclaiid, enj..y tbem
jeituucb better than I have ever known
ifcO lo du elsewhere. Thiiigs of every kind
(ru bere. Ibe houses are very large, and
. -,. .... ..l.. ..I I. I ... .i
ut win mosiij "i "iitn oiiu mmio ; iiicj are
ilg iiuiiet and two .lories and a ball b.gh ;
from 3D io 5d leel front, and li jpin 25 to 40 leet
fcrp. Tbe sleps lo these huijses are compos.
Mi til iioo oie a substance on which the c'ny
built. I'"" ore ' . pleniilul in Mourovia
" jjtomimin stone is in W iliiadisbufg.
Musi of tbose who lami are loeated on the
iinkioMhe Si. Paul river, about 5 miles Irom
-.iscitf. ad s'uiiie are doing well. Allen Hoop
r, of New Yoik, has been here a little uver
- rtojriri. lie bad but small means lo com
.' rnce with, but now has one of the best col
" "fee ptantaiions on the river, Ife has seven
. -;!kufnd ireee growing iwn thousand of which
lOT,ueloaded wilh cuHi'e-! and he is ol opinion
:,jui'utU year all wilt bear. Neil 1 will men
Uwa A. Biatklege, who is making about twelve
Ituusaoil pounds of sugar a year, and some
Widredi ul gallons of molasses and rnp ail
("which will lavorably compare with Ibe best
inporrfd anicles of ihe kuid.
Swret potatoes, Lima beans. Indian, corn,
-(lliadi, plantain?, and other table vegetables
:TWTiwfd op tbt itrer,- which rii 25 - or - 30 '
'aiiftlong. A fine town is situated at the
source ol ihis siieam it is railed MillsbHrgb,
iimicoolaiis a population of 800 or 1.000 per
Itm tbe mutl ol whom employ themsefvea in
Jmakina brick and in hewing Umber of all kinds
i Alt BttUh '
' 1 I ae not ability lo describe the advanta
1 P'l1.? bs renjifdin Ibis coutitryA nor have. I the .,
rtW-Htry-lmsttwre ii' trf Triiirh better than ii
-ner i belore, llmt 1 am constantly occupied
1a attending to it.
One word as to the fever. My children have
siHud it ; so hive all the emigrants who came
Jutwhh us, eicepi my wile, my sell and two
:bn. None of I hem kept their beds for more
, ttanwo or three days. The fever is not e-
i d ii it is generally represented to be. 1 bave
jtwaaeftmi who brave ticed here- for from t wo
teif uty years, and who neve b4dii.-ttt.n...
Tbii is a great country fur men and woiucii
. "IkL I. ... I I . . 1 I I .1 1 .
u lofc iineny ana woo love inemsei.es, tor
oney can be nmile here.
neats to give my thanks to the gentlemen
Juur city whose iliilari;hrpy was ilia canst
my success. I tnnl you will publish this
ter for the iiformaiion of those who may
till To krinw someihing of this country. My
Ml letter shall be longer, and w ill con'ain
"b more inhumation resoectiii? ihi ruliinv
f Liberia a day star of hpe lor the colored
JOHN D. JOHNSON.
BEAL'FOUXJIAUBOIL - ...
By the kindness of a gentleman in this
tonity we hare had access to an old vol
aw published in 1828. entitled " The
timbm of Cartfoh: They vvere writ-
0y the late Dr. Caldwell, the learned
d venerable President ol Ihe University
North Carolina, and were designed to
Wow the people of the State to ihe im-
pittance ol connecting Beaufort Harbor
ne into the possession of the volume
wy a ohort time before .going to press, 1
csn iherelore only make a few brief
tttrSrtS'f wrmm ..i,,,,.,,.., ,.. .ow
ouiori nas an me auvamages 01 tm-.i
waiately frontinir on the sea. In conse-
T"nceof ihis, its healthiness is unques
""'We, and this accords with-its past j l)r. Sprague attended and discovered that
'"toy arid tbe constant experience of i9 ; the child had partaken of a quantity of rum.
"bitants,-, . U is beltnr situated on this r Emeiies were applied and for au hour ihe child
Wetint than Norfolk ; and as it cannot ! vomited incessantly, and for a time it was fear
""passed in this resneei bv Charleston ! ed lhal it would not recover. It finally partial-
iVnIplace lQ theSuJUikii
iNitgrratly the superiprily in a com-
prin with any port in fbat direction.
1 Li th. 1 c . e
fe whX I T iranspotiauut, ......
jewhole back country be reduced by
''of a railway to little, or nothing,
- commercial city ll must aavanw
' instant and rapid progress to prosvj
fniy and a numerous noDulation. Many
VP'haps are but lit tie aware of the
wcu of trade when its facilities are once
s?H At the site of the present town
!l k estr'on 'he western canal of New
I 'Jhere were -in. 181 8 three hogses
tl' lce is now swelled to the
flMkMW of ten thousand iiihabitants..
J ,ir,pr!C's,'ly two hundred hdd seveofy
1 7 et of Albanv. and from-the latter
T0 NeWT York i '. hunilreit And W-
' ..r aww nree, to-throw tt Qpen TO
'':f" more ; yet it is in ibifeity
-. - r- -viuiiuiiw -nivjir iiioust ry, r imollv
l l BRUNER
and Pnmlico waters would, by the easiest.
j.rtmnnest. and safest navigation possible,
be cuncentrafted at Beaufort. It it bd hp
prrhended by any that the waters of these
sounds are too dangerous for the steam
boat, though it can scarcely be that any
will think so. let it be remembered that
the Chesapeake presents fully as great ex
posure, and yet it is continually traversed
by boats of Jhia idescnptiorT, Not Irss diffi
cult is a passage up and down the Miss
issipphjejt this may be said to swarm with
the ni." iVor let it be imagined that steam
boats may not pass along a canal. In
common canals they must not be admit
ted, on account of the contracted limits of
sucti canals for boats drawn by one or
two horses. But there are canals nn,n
whictr Strum boats -WoiirconUnuiniy;ii"r7J
11 ia unnecessary to refer tn on.,
than the Caledonian canal, thmiiph hinb 1
J . - v una uiuri
sucn fjonfs run regufarlv, makin? a cir- I
cuitous route, partly by the canal, between
Edinburg and Glasgow." Carolinian.
The Case of Dr Spencer D. Armstrom
r. opencer LI. Armstronjr. of Rockv
Mount, Edgecombe county, has for
time past stood indicted before the Suoe
rior Court of Nash county, as accessory
alter the fact to the murder of Tillman
Hunt. The case was continued from lime
to time for one cause and another, and
was at the Fall Term of 1852 removed
from Nash to Edgecombe. Dr. Armstrong
was. in the mri.iin,p nrmi,l . .
large upon giving bail in the sum of 6.
r"' K K t
000 for his appearance. At tbe late Spiing
Term of Edgecombe Superior Court the
defendant was called, and failing to an
swer, his bond was forfeited. The wit
neies, however, Were again recognised
to appear on condition of receiving no
tice of the defendant's being taken.
This Dr. Armstrong is the same person
who has been lately swindling some of
Ihe Norfolk people. He has, perhaps,
raised -fund enough hy this means to pay
off his forleited bond, and thus atones for
one crime by means of another.
Boor Tillman - Hunt, was so brutally
murdered in this neighborhood som three
years iago, has not yet been a,venged.
The miserable tool (an ignorant slave) of
designing villains has suffered the lullf
penalty of the law, but -thfff- who-are real
fy far trio re guilty, because far more in
telligent, (Pitt and Armstrong.) have eva
ded justice I Bui let tliein not -be deceiv
ed, vengeance will sooner or later over
take them. North Carolinian.
Accounts from Western Africa,, state
that thirty varieties of cotton have been
lound growing spontaneously in that coun
try. A missionary says he has stood erect
under lhv branches of a cotton tree, in a
Goulch vi If age; so b e a vi ly 1 ade ri with h alls
to re-ve-nt it from itfeftk i g de wn- Oftder its - i -
own weinht. 1 he cotton was eaual to i
that of any countryi The pal i yes manu
facture cotton goods exte.nsi vely. .West
ern Africa also afiounds in coffee. The
j whole land is said to lie covered with it.
1 In' Erravaln and Kail 200 pound can be
purchased for a dollar. A single tree in
I Monravia yields four and a half bushels
: in the hull at one time, which made 31
pounds when shelled and dried.
r .! ..fr.... 41. ...... ..1 q u n.
UDI S-UI,l tl(, I II. I ,, O.IUOI WV- ,
ion, arresied a wmau named Williams, who
was fmhiing in Second s.reet.; She was quite
inioiicated, and was committed lo ibe waicb -
house. In about an bour after the commitment,
ihe husband of ihe woman brought to the
watch house his three children, respectively
lour vears. two vears. and three week of ase.
cond was shivering with cold, while Ihe oldest
seemed lo be suffering Irom some illness, and
wa perfectly si upid atid inseiirtle". ""The
younger ,wa, a ppeaaed when gi ven lo ft moth
1 . . 1 . j
I tie eldest grew more iu. ana a ,
as.. sr J 6 -"t
,he who!e fa;,,,'r w"r" f,'
veyed home ll was supposed .bat the .tile
girl obtained .he rum during .he absence ol her
mother, from bottle left on Ihe sidehoard. Ihe
, nled an r
ctJ ance. gh,.w ver hai,dMJtne,
d td . t fixed in her
,h(.adj (jievelled ringlet about her fdce, her
..nanee pale and cold, as, death, and ihe
mother, wIkj should be watching over her, crazy
drunk in a cell in the Vet,l room, the scene was
most sickening. Boston Traveller, 15A.
Cotchiding at St. Joseph Flare up in High
LifeCriin. CJm, 4"C-A 8nlle:man (J)J",e
ly connected with a inercbaniile esiablishmeiil
in our iieTgnboirng city, was discovered by the
proprietor in hi private apartments, tampering
with hi" Tcotyugal ribi, and genteely cow.
h appears that jhe Wrt
P, Flint,' who is a well ediicaied pnystcian,
imartinea qr;iiovTO-rvr if
.woman,': tntr irusirng n-ici ut," ..... ..,-..
.. , . V ..
" Kee? a check tiron all voca
SALISBURY, N. C.t THURSDAY APRIL 7, 1853.
ry tu mention, and the " greert eyed monster"
soon dispelled iiis confidence.
Having watched his chance, be Succeeded
in surprising the gallant merchant and bia in
amorata in raiher an equivocal position, and
with an unloaded pistol in one hand, and well
selected cowhide in ihe other, he played at his
Jaisura-vral (Jalilurni quick itepi," wjjon'
his uuresixtiug back.
uiiliappy lady whose fcaj india.
ereiion lias thus bligtued tbe pns'Hcts of daugh
lers, just budding into womanhood, tarnished
the honor bt ail unblemished name and utterly
ruined her own happiness as well as that ol a
confiding husband, is very beautiful, highly ac
complished, and blessed with a large family,
one daughter beiug snecta'blv married.
Saramali (Mo.) Sentinel,
"Arrest for oUTnf lhe Mali. On Friday
allernoon a man named Fou ua rrwil .1
Newburynoii (Mass.) upon the cburire ol n.b.
""B ,ne ""4" oetween that cnv and Lawrence
I, ,l ... , , : . ,
II seems that Ihe accused had been susnecled 1
ol dishoneslv fur II ITl A I Una II J at nn.i. -
muura rn4fT insitd TO T
I pass between Ihe two places failed of reacbine e cmpriieu 10 inne. iratures 110m irve
4 ihir ilu.i;..uii.... r. J 1?. - .1 . ' ral verv uplv nersons. hut all he would he
--..,.,,, wii 1 1 luuy a uecoy nacHaire
was mailed at I ..au reiirt. lit tr.a tn NJaiuK..,. f
pun, ihe itostmnsters ai each olace beinir in.
formed ibe fact. The package was not in '
the mail when it reached New bury port, and j
Foy, w ho had t haige ol the maif, was arrested '
and committed lo jail lo await an examination. 1
ihe 12ih insiai
j . . . ....
,,,,. j, .... : T
loayinineu.nier numl.erollheKarHW, uhich
w.,. .iKe.l ....rl ,kr.. I Ti.:.
I i 1 t iiiidims I 11m
is, we are informed, the Iweniy iih eanh
quake occur'riiig as publicly predicted weeks
previous by Dr. Chapman within a year, be
sides auroras, storm, and various phenomena.
Fifteen of these earthquakes occurred, it ap.
pears, on the 'precise days f) predicted. Dr.
Chapman's Theory of the Physical Cause ol
AletetruUg4 Change i pfin.jble and in
lerestinr;. Xat. Int.
The Flying Ship. The inventor of ihe
Aeroporl, ..Mi.. Ridus Putter, gava-loio-eseniogs
lasl week (Friday and Suturdai) lo public
exhibition of bis ftlatn for aerial looomiriion, i.
lustration ij by ..luodel or nviiiiaiure fl ial, or
nuiin sii)iorier, of some twetil) three fVeiliiog,
and seven or eighl feel ifin.uh tbe middle sec
lion, and a suspendt-d car contaitting a diminu
lie but auet'esslully working steam engine,
whoe duty it is lo furnish power for the guid
ance of the machine, Th ttal weij'hl ,l the
umlter of the rtiodet is hft'een "'pounds. The
mai tiine sailed around the room, evidently gui
ded by tho-pftijreliers of the u?pendfd car.. .
'"''.-" .. ' -i
Russian Plan of Stopping a Runaway Horse,
Around ine n...,e s nerk. near the ne. k strap
IfcMASifffi ritril wit I, riomina b 'I'.. ' li.t i
slip-noose is attached a pair -of reins on gen
tlemen's horses gei.erally of silk cord, about the
size of a pije stem which always - Htr thrown
over the dah board, reudy lo fie seized at once.
When a horse starts and becomes unruly, ihe
genileniiiii lakes ii ihis cord and ttgbtent the
horse's ihroal so I hat be ca tmot itreathe. '1'he
nit fur-i-hriie slops- almost instantly,-but
he will not (all or kick.
Mail Depredations. Frequent complaints
have been made ol late of ihe insecurity ol ihe
transmission ol moiiev'by mail, and ihe HaJ
eijjh papers tnenlion many case o! loss which
have occurred within the lasl Ihree "fiiont"hs, "fit
the traiisniissiiio ol money tolheni. Hul a more
daring cae ufrobliery of the mail ocrnned last
week, somewhere between Chapel Mill and
Salem. On rriduy nnrnin!, a bundle or pa
pers was found in
a fih t.ao in New li.'oe
... nr. i-,." ..m!....,!"'
creeK, liear i CTutpel'
found lo contain nine
to various individuals, .with ihe post bills and
' ' I
envelopes in which they had been en-;
dosed. The r leilers had l.een broken open.
",ld a"cr havmg been rifled of all ibat was vat-
liable, were thrown into ihe creek. Th date
ol one ol the post bills and the finding of the
bundle, renders il certain that ihe rohbery was
committed onihe trip down 011. Thursday, and
bircircmimatM-n it w boiW.TvWtM
deieciion of the robber. Hilhboro' liecorder.
" 7"; r
TIIE TEUBOBS OF UGLIXESS.
tssiiUui.ia urnt.mUhfU(l ?V mitli. tk. wt r t 1 1 1
ofMr QenneM of the lJeradi ,t must
1 be conies
conlessed that Bennett is not a band-
some man. The Louisville Journal pokes
fun at his likeness in the following piti
less sijle, .
There's one thing we will readily admit,
and that is, that if Bennett's portrait be
correct, he is the ugliest of the Democratic
editors. For a while we doubted whether
he or a. certain neighbor of ours is the
ugliest mortal, but the twist in the eyes of
Bennett decided the contest, in his favor.
We congratulate our neighbor that there
is one editor uglier than himself in the
Bennett's portrait is terrific. Such a
thing ought never lo be painted or dag
oerreotyped. It ought to be considered a
penal offence' to' make anything so revolt
ing to all our ideas of propriety. No man
has s right to monopolize so fnoch ugli
ness. If Bennett's ugliness could be dis
tribuled over a ihousaod facesril' 'would""
make each -of them intensely, hatefully
ukIv. He ouglit not to be nermited to go
into the Uel without blanket over lihuleirian of whom he had purchase, thai
of the Newr York children die of'coovuU.
;l i1'--? --tit- ,t j--.- r .1
. injan VJl ii IK rii.r.u-iu.i. jUUCl.uvvLU..ji Mi" .vv,vj. - w
DsMM,ut(.tHM vt sari
If Bennett's ugly likeness were stumped
on lir places, the effect would be decided
ly badj, for the children would not dare lo
go near enough to the fire to keep warm,
and would become frost-bitten and per
haps frozed lo death.
VVe cannot conceive of any reason why
anything should be so ugly as Bennett.
lie is uglier than a half starved hyena,
lie h 'ugliness perfected. There is a iho
roughness about his ugliness which defies
eompeiition. When Mirabeau described
himself as a tiger that had had the small
pox, he placed a very ugly idea in every
body's mind, but it was beautiful when
compared with Bennett's face. When
Appelles made his heauty, his Venus, he
tnnk an-eye from en wtinra-nos from
another, a mouth from a third, and so on
, until the Venus was completed in her
! more than earthly beauty. Now. if any
L. 1 r i ' II ' . ' . II.- -i
Annettes or arwsi 01 anv anne anon, w sn-
1 ' ... .. , .
ea 10 niase ir.e most lnaunitaniv nerieci
PreseniationglHress.-rre-wWuld not ;
COIH nelled to do would be to irel Be.nnelt's
. . . . y. .
lace, and Ihe enterprise would be accom
I heard a good description to day of the
efforts of Mr. Bodisco (the Russian Min-
ister) lo get his servant into the? lobby of
an""p(l ,r- liodisco. nut relied his ser-
vant. whereupon the old Kussian got ex
ceeuingiy wratny, ana aemanaea dis na
" I am de Kussian Minister." said he,
'and titsrv-r is my servant; he mns comn
" He can't come in," said the doorkee
" He jntfrr he shall come tn."
" No he mustn't, and he shan't come
" Well, then, I shall see I shall inform
Mr. Fillmore T
" I don't'eare for that. ; inform and be
d d ; Air.' Fillmore, nor Mr, Pierce, nor
Mr. Anybodyelse, caTf pass y out man in
here without an order from the commit
tee." replied the doorkeeper, indignantly.
By this time Bod-isco had become out
F(rounviiiiiuu3. iir-siuimru.nii,. i.rU.
and stamped, and acted like a madman.
The crowd began to hoot, and jeer, and
it to him, boss F? -na" others saying, "Pnt
in America give him fits!" and the.i all
hurrahed and cheeFed for " our side." A
boy hanging by one hand loa brace of ihe
. - - - J . - .
ti, crintr erieil nnf. "lies trnt a wnrm in
bim. see how he squirms P
z. VYbal shallTda wid my coat ?" Asked
Bodisco, holding up bis overcoat.
" Your coat a not in the programme."
replied the dookerprr, and you may leave
Tbos the war went on for ftome tflne.
unlit the Minister went to the comtniltee,
and got a written order lo admit his ser
vant. The whole scene was exceedingly
ludicrous, and afforded no little amuse
ment to the crowd ol men and boys that
had assembled about the door.
- Cor. of the N. Y. lhy Jhoh
Blind Harry has Gone Aloft. Henry
Finnklin the Blind Sailor, who has been
sellinK clRars ,rom s,ePs 01 Pu,"'c
hy his faithful dog Jack, who, with Ihe
selling cigars from the steps of public
, mosl u v"p" ""tniit. -ui 10 ms nin5.r.
, , .
interest, caught or picked up, the coppers
; of the silver which the curious or tht
cbaritatile have thrown to him lor tils
charitable have thrown lo him for his
master's dependent family.) died Otl Sun-
day evening at 9j o'clock, of the disease
, with which he has been aflltcted for years
: pflSft aneurism of tbe heart. His death
, and unfli idling. He remarked to the
J writer but a few Imurs - previous. .to his.
kih, "I am waiting to go; 1 am all
in- the right ptace ;
, i t hfltrlw fl-nrwl - A t h n W.TI'1 fr ' h RfltP htfTl-
rfarewel(M"saiJ. -rslVaTf be-gtmr before-
fa'""" " - - '
you return; but 1 will see you ontheoih
er side. Once I was blind, but how 1 see."
Hit luneral took place from the .jailors'
Home. No. 1.QQ. Cherry !Si reel. New Yot k.
A Hint to the Fanner. We may send
to England for Durham cows, and to
Spain or Saxony for'lhe choicest sheep ;
we may search the world over for cattle
that please the eye; but unless Ihey re
ceive the best care and liberal feeding,
they will most assuredlyrdeteriornte, and
eventually become as worthless and as
Unworthy of propagation as any of the
skeleton breeds that now haunt our rich
but neglected pasture lands. We remem
ber an anecdote in point, -and' will relate
it by way ol Illustration A farmer hav
ing purchased a cow from a country
abounding fin the richest pastorage, upon
taking her to his own inferior pastures
found that she felhshort of theyiekl whicli
he was informed she had been accustom
ed to give. He -complained to the gen-
or in other words, that she was not What
- 4. - - .-"' - --w.,.- ,
.- . ...-.-.....j.u,&-'7v... .-.,.-..,X-J-..- u. . : .J?.-!1.-v.v-:,-.r-: j:a.'ia..j-tsA.:.taaaisnto
nd -tav lliefn" nut T"
VOLUME IX-NUMBER 48.
C1VIC AMJ RELIGIOUS LIBERTY.
Tbe Journal of Commerce gives the
proceedings of a meeting held at tbe
Broadwav Tabernacle, in New York, on
Wednesday evening last, for the purposed
of welcoming to this country raiher da
VAitu tbt) converted Italian priest, whose
addresses against the Papal Church, tie-.
Ijve red in England and Scotland, have
brought his name prominently be fore the
religious world, in the ranks of theologi
The house was filled to its utmost ca
pacity at an early hour. An eloquent Ad
dress was delivered by Dr. Cox, of Brook
lyn, the gentleman who is .excoriating
Arobbishop Hughes in a fceries ofletiers
p'ubtished in'IIWYorlrCm'thelr'cral Ad
vertiser. Tbe Doctor said, among other
good ibinos. " There are two passages
' of sciiptuit- Unit I love to put together,
"D all things decently and in order, and
' VV here the spirit ot the Lord is, there is
It does not mean tbe inquisition
it does not mean the "luxury and splen
did entertainments of ihe. Auto de fe
Liberty on earth is but a means lo an end
an end sublime as salvation, and eter
nal as God."
We can find room only for the following
extracts, from father Gavazzi's Address :
He objected to the ttrm "converted
priest, and preferred that he might be de
as " seceder. lie was not a
Protestant in any sectarian sense, and he
Wlshed lo be called ralbef by the. name
'Roman Calbolic." '1'rue tiie Papisis of
Koine arrogated that lille lo theiiiselves,
bul they were justified in doing so. The
Koman Catholic Church was ibe most an-
Cletlt Church ill Europe.ntld he Wlsll'ed tO
.. ,, . . ..' ,
be considered a Koman Cat holtc of Peter's
time,, before that cbuich had become vi
tiated and corrupt. As an Italian, said
he, 1 disclaim all claim to the title of Pro
tectant. 1 do not need any denomination
for my country. . In Germany lhe.y are all
Lutherans because Germans, in France
they ate Huguenots because Frenchman,
and in Italy we are Koman Catholics be
cause we are Ttairahs. r But the lime Is,
fast coming when all denominations will
appear when there shall be no more
Calvinisi.- nothing but Christians all
, (j i, ri st i a ti.j I liii Italy we nave a rage
.,,,,, ,i,fi name of ProtestaiU. if voO
, preach Protestant doctrines they will fly
and tlie.reforc if -1 came as a "
TVoTeslVnt.IViiould ruin my mission among
the Italians. But let nie preach Christi
anity as it was in the early church. and my
countrymen will listen lo 1 folestant doQ
trinevnrwl Prot scf tit finnliments.
" ... (....:..
. . . .... n ajid July in each year, tu the President of the Tutted States, and L
My mission is to annihilate ropery twocoptesor the tawStoUii'riiiidait-oft4eateTr "
l- i O r -bdrcii'M st "xr7ZZZti oTIlieTIoUM: of (, pres. liti.li ve. f. r the use of 1' initre'S. India
nOt Only 111 lVptSsn CODnlneS, tlUt among .i,.,, 'removal, resignation, or m. nee rf the jits'.
PrntcstHnt enmmnnilies Our greatest enior from the Territory, the secretary shall lie, and he U heri
1 roiesiani communities. uur girnirai t j aulhorjl(.il alii , llre(, , remie , Krforin all thepow-
fOf'S are the Papists in UlSgUISe 111 the
? , riv t
very strong holds ot l'rolesiantism. unuer
me Tens 01 f avvyibm mi ; iv
In the lG;h century, Luther and I. alvin
protested aginsl Popes and Popery ; but
in my opinion, protestation is very little.
The protest against Popery is very little.
In the ICih century, the abstirdidea was
j prevalent that Popery could be reformed
But no, it is impossible ! ropery cannot
be reformed. Only one thing can reach
the root of the evil deslruction and an
'I come to America as many others
come. The Priests flow in a greitt stream
fr(im c.ermnv: and esneeiallv from Ms-
noo(h real,d. And if so many lalse
, - w
, comf to preacn my crusade against Po-
j an(J tQ prpach ,he rrigioti of Christ
among ihe American people. Popery is
essentially nj--ti 11st all freedom, and there
fore against 'all republics. ' CivTTTiberty
isbut apreparatiori ,pr rejigious JibeVtyy
anil when a people have ireed themselves
from the yoke of temporal despotism, re
ligious freedom must follow."
Gtrtc.hin" the San. In crossing the At
IftftUc, sii s. AJtkMsJorJ' 0 Jei,rs Hr?0'
we were very much amus.'tl' b'y'Th't?ri-rw-"
marks of two verdant sons of the Emer-
j aid Isle. U being near meridian the Cap-
tain was engaged jn taking Ihe meridian
attitude, during wticn process ne was
narrowly watched by tbe two before men
lioned. At length, their patience could
stand inrd longerand one "cried, Arrah.
Jerry, what's the captain doing.' 'Whist,
Paddy,' replied Jerry in a w hisper, 'he's
sthriving to catch the sun in a brass rat
trap.' Marrying for Money. A prudent and
well disposed, member of the "Society " of
Friends' once gave the following friendly
John.' said he, 'I hear thou art going to
Yes.' replied John, 1 arrju.,.
Well.' rejoined the man of drabV'trWtve
fone liule piece of advice to give thee, and
j this is, never to mrry a woman worth
more than thoU art. When I married my
.W4terJ was - worm J usi y sua. w
Khc,vvas wortlij'sj.xtx two cents; and when-.
ever a.n valifferen.ee -hs occufed hetvven;
Tus"ce; swnas alvva
- ,,.,ni- ,r- . . ;4- i . toud.. scrip, draft, hills of rxchn-e, or obb.'stinti, or (trantina; ,
myt odd shitUng. "-"
.... .:;. ' . I A. irfSaviewirt -h tisi tin nxceilent thinfy . ki .iinui tn nid 1
J - "
' rrnuf Aci Xu. 'M.
AN ACT mliliit npnn,rlnti(in f r the uimt f ttie Military
Acatli-my f'r the yVsr mains: Hie tbtrtlt-th ut Juu, ln tliuu
sand iiclit huudrcil sinl furty-fonr. '"
Br it m,i4nl hi tlw ."t-n-i. uiut liiim of RepretmttitirM nf
I fotjowinE mm. ltm awaaara .htMcdqu aMmairlaliMt out of
Snjr mom'j 111 ni? imurj not iiirf-irt N.Mii in,
Unrt of tli MiHUrjr Arjul.my fur the jr-Mrrniting tht thlriledi
of Jans, mi thoamnd lrht hamtrrd nrt flfty-ftwr. "
For pur of offlerrt. lntrurtor!, ouliftsSliit rnunlcUns, etfth..
j-egto IbooMDd t hundred nil sIxijr-iMx dnlUrs.
For commutation of subsistence, two thousand one hundred so4
ninety dollars ; "
Fur, furae for officers' hones, nine hundred and slxtjr dollars j
For repairs, fuel, nd ftipratu theretVir, fnnice fur puhHe
horai and oxen, pontnire, statiiinerjr, printing, and otjirr Inci
dental .and eontiiia-ent expensea, twrnl; -nlne thouaaua atshua
dml ilud sixty dollars i k ' '
For Increase and exien of the library, one tH'"USnd dnRars;
For expenrn of the (xianl of visitors, liiree ttwunand doftars j
For cti4etiou of the new mess-hatl, three Uiouaand fire hun
For st able for dragoon and artillery horses, eight thousand dol
For fnraire for dragoon and euvalry horses, f IsliT fKoojand six
hundred and forty dolUrs ;
ror oduitionai jmy of rmy dr.nars earn to tne sninier employ.
In the ailjutaut's office as ct
the two cTilinted m-n esa-
plnyed In jihlloaoiitiical ai
For the conwtruction o!
and thirty ,MIr.
partiiu-nts, one hundred
ttousand Uiree hundred
-. .Ainvd Jlnrcba,JX
AN ACT to provide conipeosatio
i rierttons as may be de-
sijciutted by tlie 8ticn-tary of (lie
ry to rc;ire and keep
the public money, under tbe nft.-eutl,
tioii or tin act or sixth
for the additional ser-
Auirukt, eitrlitei-'u huuiireii and forty -i
vices required under that act.
Br it rnstrtrtf by tht Srmitr N'f Uvmmof (ViraaAi.iMrss
Ow VhUmI HUttrt of Amrrtvt i tvuatv im.i, llialUM
depoltorits which have tieen, or lii;,y tie, ileitiiroated by the Sec? ,
retary of the Treasury, under the ttft'eiilh st-i'.tion of the act of
the sixth of Auirust, eiKbtneu huudreil ami lorly-six. lo recelra
nayuwuta aud idvM fts'aipts fx flwrlintfiiirts of it"f--i1 f-s uit,li ,
money from miicellaneouii source, other than the trnuiactlous of
the respective offices for which ttn-y are or may be cmimiisidoued,
may be. paid in full coniiieiiHuliou for reccit inn, safely k-wuinic,
and payinir out su"h public money, after ttie firi-t day of March,
eiirtiteeii timidred and forty-nine, nthe rate of on;-half of om
per centum for tlie ftrtitone hundred UioummimI dultars ; uui' fourth
of one per centum for the second iiVHI dullars-; ami am
riirhlh of one per reutinu for all sumtover twohuiiilred 0lJttan4
ibillars. Any sum which may have been allowed I such deawl'
tory f'ir rent or any other coutiiifrent exM-Mws iu rrtaMMt to ths
TuiMly'oTATiputnTO liwneytietnjrilcn frout such eompeit-
sation brfore any payment shall be fuaita therefor : irvtvid
Thai uo eumneuaatkMi stutU ISO alk.we.1 tt the abova aervicas
when tbe emoluments of Ute othtv of which said deaifcnated da
Ki,iinry in in cointninnion amounts to be inaximum couipeasatlofS
Ax.kI by law, nor rh iU the amount al&wcd to any of said dei(
ualeit iteKi.itorieS for such services, wtiifn mldeil U, the eluolli
ineiitu of tlie oftice of wlilch he is ill cii.imil.m, tie more thaa
siithcient to make the maximum coi:iiH-iiia.!ioii fixed by law:
A iff irari'.W, fu,tiw. That the wltsde allowauce to any dcsis
Mahal (I. p ,sitory for Uch services shall not exceed flftecu hun
dred dollars ir annum. v
Va i. And lie U 'urOuir MirfW', That the sum of twenty
thousand dollars be, and the sains is hereby, aipropriated to
meet the allowance which may be made under the provisions of
Approved March 2,
CTPi ai ir An No. SO
AN ATT to establish Hie Territorial lioverninent of WahinrUm.
Br it rpiftn hi Vr Srmttr unit HtHM of li?ltrrenittHtrm qf
tn t 'liitni SUltri ftt Awrrird in 'mtyrrm u-mJJnl, That
from anil after the im-tage of this aet, ati that portiou of OreS'
Territory lyinp and Mnir S-otliof the forty-ninth decree of nortll
l-ititude,' and north of the mi. idle ut the uiiun channel of the Cu
ttimbia river, from ir- month to wtiere tb-fory-)isth 4eSTeal
moth latitude rro-es naid river, near 1'ort Walls, thence with
said forty -ivth decree of latitude to thewlmnilt of the Kocfcy
uiouiitaiiiA. lie oriramsist into and rottjtir'la teniporary irovens-
ynt, by the name ,.t the T.nitory of aK.iiiirt.n: J''"'l'
i That nothlnir In this act eontatn.fl shall rVecotHtruedtO aJrecttlw
authority of the'Oovernnient f the l iiit.fi tutes to make any
regulation resiiectlng tbe Indians of said. Territory, Uvelr lands,
property, wr- uther- riirbts. . by . trimly, .la"b ot otherwiae, whicll
rt -wrntM'hare been competent- to -the ,ioverniiien1 to wmwe-lf Otis
act bad never la-en pai-sed : I'l irriitnl jm Uirr, that the title to
the land, not exceeilinjr iv liundrril and forty acres, now occu
pied as missionary utatious amotiir tbe Indian tribes in said Ter
ritory, or that may have been no nceu.l'ied as mtsrionary stations
prior to the act eptahlbdiiua- the Territorial ruttrnmMll of Or.
it"n,ti(etheT WItti lite lmiroyiineiit-i thereon; W," and is hereby,
C"litirm. .l and eiubli.lieil to Uie several religious societies lo
which naid tuiaionary station, re-iaf-tively belonif.
rc. S. Awl I U fin tlirr ew.ii bff. That ihe Kiecutive power
and authority ill and over said Territory of Wanhing-ton shall u
teated In a govern.if, who shall buMTtk rifBH- for fiiur years, and
nnr.itnf .uei-i ji.ri.hall lai apnuluUd auu qualified, UUluasSUOnejr .
removal by the Jresidcnt of tlie I'nrtrd htatus. Thw (roTCTnor
shall renide in aai.l Territory, ahall lie the coiiuiianiler-in-chlef
of the militia thereof, shall -rtorm tlie duties and receive Uis
emoluuientf of iMfrioteiiileut of Indian Atfiim ; he may graut
pardouM and remit lines and forfeitures f r utrcini.'S aaitiHt ths
laws of- said territory, and rei-pites for oflioers against thS
laws of ibe l ulled Stales until the decision of tlie President can
la made known thereon; lie dall couuui.t. .nail ouicera who shall
he npK'iutfl'to office under the laws of said Territory, where", by
' law, such commission., al:ll be rciUired, and slull take care that .
the laws tie faithfully executed.
isrr. . A wt tir it further rmrrtrt-. That then- shall be ee
rectarv of ariid TerriWv...w.liO hall. icsiilc itULrdli iitui ;hnW Ms ..
t.lli.'e for four years, tinlese sooner reti.-n ed by llie President of
the I niteit States ; IteVhall record and j.: i ve all the laws and
prifecdinjrs ..f the Legislative Asi.tl.i.v bcreiuuflvr cmatltuted,
ami all tile acts and iruccelil!i!. of lite 1r.1vern.1r lit hisexecullra
. d.-iartinent ; be shall transmit one copy of the laws and journals
ol, tlte Legi-latjve Assembly aitluu thirty d. ys uft'-r tlie end of
TPach session, ami oue copy of the ex-cuS e pris-eedinifs and oln-
I cial correstKiudeuce semi-aunuallv
u tlie first lUys of January
ers ami duties of the governor dm inn such vacancy or alisenca,
- .or ,,nt,l another -governor sltail be duly apiatuitial ami alialifled.
to fill sucn viiciiiicy.. .
A.mi.ltUvti.fmiah T' le,tlstatlr power ,
. ,Borhv f T).rrUor;
ry sliiiil tie vested m a igisi.irtve
w'liich shall consist of nvotlncil nnd House or Rrnre-
Sb-nuiUwji. The Comicu khall consist or nine tueinbers, hnvlng
the iptutiticatioiis of voters, ks liereinaftcr pn-rerilied, whose terra
or nervier sIkiII ooiilinue three years, immodwiteiy aner tney
shall W- aeeeinbleil, in eomMiuenoe -of their flr-st election, they
siioll be divided ;in eqmilly a- roit v bo into thn-av ehtsses. The
snits nf tlie member, of Conned of the flr-t r!v
at the e.pir:iti"li of the ttr-t year, of the s-c
niratioii of the seenud ver, and of the. thir.J
ti.m of the ttiird y.iir, no tl.:lt olle-tliird uui
year; and if , Hcancies li.tppen, by redfri.atio!
imnie Mlia.ll bt- tilled ut tlie. ta-xt enillos eh-'-t
lleuresi-iitative.-. tiatl, at its fir-it e-.-ion eou.-i
bers, iofte?illi.- the same , ll:,! i ttcitl ion- as pre
hers of the Couneil, mid who.-e term of serviee !
year. Tlir uuuiKfr of reiiewirtatrve. may hi-
U-ttiiattve As-einbly, from time to time, in .rOi'
creuM: of .jUalifit d voters: 'rorirt"ty That the
shall never ex.'ee I llih-ty. An apji !Mtni.eiit
nearly erttat as nractimViIe, amrf;' thr sevr
ttttaltned vnti'ra, ax wntm--mMgJtli(i ns;ttieB,Tiers of the
Cuimeil and or the House r l(epre'Utntiv es .1:iH restirc ttt, im
he inhabitants of the distrlrt or county, or rountlrs, for which
IIR'V lllay l' tltHtlHI
they may lie elected reflectively, ri-evimn to tlie flr.t election
.ciuue .a-ceiuotit or tunuieruuon 01 tlie inuaui.
voters of the .-evera! comities nnd districts of
the Ciovernor shall de. iirnate am! Hi-potnt , and the persons ao
ry to e taken t.y sttrlh n-r. ons unit in sucn mow sa
l -v s
yll be vacated
nt the ex
I the expira-
fL l.iacn ve.rj
iii licrwlse, the
iV lie House of
-t nue one
ti I by the
A the in
III fiaile, as
1 ro t or dls
tmtA is, tasia
iiii.iiiited shall receive a rrinionaHe roniiien-miion ttterefor.
And the lirsl election shall lie held at such time and places, and.
be conducted In such umiiiietboth a, to the .er.mis who shall
siiieriiileiid such election w4 the returns Ih.s-eof, as the flotr-
' emor nhall aieiint and direeffand he shall nt the same lima
doMfte the- nwmber.nf uieinben. of the Vmicil and Home nf Hep-re.-ntatives
to wliicti eaeh of the e.Mrintie. or ditrlcls tdiall been-
.OrleitBrirtes-tjriy iw aSS4-Mriwn'wpi
pive at least -ity dayn' previonn roti.v of such aplHirtionineut,
and of the time, plac. n, mid manner of hoMinst such election.-
The person fist iiiir the liieliest niiinher of hual votes In each of
said Council dlstrh tufor tnenibersof IhelViiiicil shall be declared
' by tht" tinvemnr tn t-dirry rtrxted trr Itm entrarH,-anrl the pw '
son. havlnit the htehest niunber of k'frol vol. for the HuuM of
HeprewnUilivos ahaii ba doclamd by. tlw . AAuxi)UHX..IlJbLjb)l ...
elected meiul.er- of said House: I'rurf'lnt, That in ciise two or
- loMee perMHts voted for hhsll itiive ttu enl tiumbur of vuta, ami -
(neeneH-vm-iilicy shall otherw iiw oe-'ttr in either branch of tha
l.eri-lalire Asseinhly. the Governor ehall siahaututm- ehaiUua
ud-lltl.'ion1hii electeil to Ihe l.eislatie Asseliibly shall
"meet at sitcfrfilitl'r altW m laahiiiaMU iiM,.tiliiy.at.iieli
election, a. the llovernor slutll nppoiut. but thcieaftcTilWtiniap
place, and manlier ot holdinir n. cotiibicliiiif all elections by the
lleopl.', find tlie aiMirliuliuK tlie. repre-tlltalioli iu the several
roiiuties or districts to tlie Couneil and House ol Kepreseutativw
accurdilut Ui the number at iii;ililied voters, ,hall la- prescribed
by law, as ell,as Ihe day of the commencement of Ihe reinuar
sosiou of the Lcjti-lnlitc Assembly : '"'.. , That no arasiaS)
, In any one year shall exceed tlie term of ity days, except the
, CJt A.-!s?.in, wliich shall not exceed one hundred days..
Hit. S. .tin' ( it t u. th.r en.K tW, ThaUtery bite male la-
. bbitlrtre tlie.re--4e4sJyars, ilWAU hV4tba -
a resident of said Territory at the .time of .the inspire of this set
and liatl sess tlie uualitirntiuli hereinafter precrild, shall
la- entitk-d to vote at the first election, and sliH lie eligible lo any
oltlce within the Said Territory ; but the i,inli!lcallou3 tif Totals
and of holdinir oHlre ut all subsequent ektiotia' shall be such as
shall be-prescfibed by the litisUtivr Asaciubty : J'toci'M, That
the rtitht of stitrraiie ami of holdius olbce liall be exerciseil,only
1 by citizens of (he Cliilwl Slab ubove the Hue of twenty on
., ..I H l,ve that aire oho i-iiaU luive declared on oath '
their intention to become such, aud shall have bikeli an oath V,
suMni I ihe Conatitution of the tnited Mate aud tlie provishiua
of thw-acf: Ad ptutiiied jm-Uttr, -1'tuM. no 6c, .iS-iMkr,
seiiman. marriner, or other htmii in the army or navy of tlie
I'nited BUtes, shall be allowed to vote in said- Territory, by rea
son .f beinir ou wrvice therein, utile slsai.l Territory is, and ha
been for the period of sin mouths, hi jiei uianetit douiicll: iVo
ri'iiit htrthrr. That no nrou bclon4iii to Ihe army or navy of
Ihe I' tilted States shall ever lie elected to or huld any-civil offlca
or apiHiiiitiueiit in said Territory.
far. 6. And Im it further eiuuM, Tliat tic- legislative power -of
the Territory sliuli ex'tend to all riKhttuI sutecta of tegislntlon
not inconsistent with the Constitution und laws of the Lulled '
isute. llut no law shall be pa d inierftrinff with the primary
dioal of the soil; no tax shall be iiniiosed upon the property
o( the I nited Stales; nor shall tlie lands or other property of
nou.resi lciils be Uixed higher than the land or other property of
re-ideuui. All the. laws iasscd by the. l.y lU-taliv? Assembly shall
lie submitted tn the t'onirresa of the luifld ftatos, ami ir disap
proved, shall lie uii!l and of no effect : 'I V . "'fe . Tt'iut nnthio
h, tbhvaet ha4t lw-onetnied W irive power lncor"ran balt
or Any institution with banlciiiR prtwer, or to narrow motley in :
the name of tlib TtrrtUiry, or to phnige the fafth of- the people of
ihe same for any loan whatever, dlrretty or Indirectly. So char--
ter irrantinrany privikifl-Sol maklliy, iwihiis. or pumnu mm
t'giy::'ir:i?'a SM-iwiHWwt.iiS ini,.n ml I a SisHwrltir'"
awwWw' - awww wKaU I-tTT' A wfTTlKty
. . toroti jjawlatwast
-. - ; i "."ri-. tw-p- M.T,UsriCUt)l Ji:.nTRm
.4 i.? ; t- at-S 'V''"; ; i Umi l-' r-i&i??-
isst-fciiiwiMsi i '" I'll' HI'