"i - I!. - f
VOL. XLNEW SERIES.
J. J. BttUNER,
EDiTOR ANP PROWIETOR.
.. .... .. ,,k;
Two Dullar. .yew, paid withia three month, from
dat. of bripioii ; iwoo.JiM. Md ny ee.t. if h
uid Man th. cxeiratioa nf Ik. year, nd Hire, del-1
Ml ants as .rrearafe. ar. pa .ce i "f"""
T Ik. Editor. ' '
Latter, to the Editor mart be peal pud, lo n.ur
A qssn is tke aw occupied ky If cluae aaesi
Aa adnrtwemeal aaakiaf 1 4 or I .loare.. chart
ed ia answnti to 1 aqsw : Jiakiaf it or 24 aqn.
charred n sroponioa la 8 am. All fraelioos of a nr.
qual to ur , chmrfed la propurtiua to th whole, of
waica H m a rraetawal smrt.
OeeaaionaJ reaewmte, without additioaal ebave,
fraaud to Loom who adrartiM refularly throufh the
year. . .. -
Thw daflars fre aaeiay andidatfs tor office .
Iwrt Order, ehuved 2i per cent hiber Ih.a Ihe
shoT. raloa. Order, fat imnt of kaabajid and wife.
$ 10. ark.
t7r.rmM sadia ia sdnrtixmeat. arc reooert
cd la Mat. tk. asaaker of haaenioa. required ; and if
it is wadwd they ahoaul oeeaay th. Iraat .pac. pawi
ki., writ, spaa Ik. hack the word tUm. litherwiu
(bay wii he Wat ap ia th. aaaal MyW aad charred
. t-T Bs diaaoaai oa diaaa ratea.
Tire ily-Tklrd Ci?;ress-Fin.t Srsion.
-: - WawrTNrrTrjy, May 15, lt54; -SiSATt-
Mr, Wade presented eti
tions against the Nebraska bill. .
Mr. Banter introduced .a bill making
further provisions for the satisfaction of
Virginia military land warrants.
Mr. Cooper presented the memorial of
- one llanaway, who was indicted and tried
for treason arising out of the Christiana
riots, setting forth that his health has be-
indictments and trial and he it utterly-
unable to pay the vast expense of his de
fence, and he prays to -be indemnified to
the amount ot his witnesses, for say $-'tM 0.
A motion to recommit the report of last
session on the subject of religious freedom
to American citizens in foreign countries
was taken up.
Mr, Cass addressed the Senate on this
resolution at some length. -
Mr. Badger. I desire to ask the Sena-
tor from Michigan whether he has seen a
statement iri some Roman (Catholic reli
gious newspaper, culled, I think, the
Shephered of the Valley," published at
$mm$ ... ' lif t j
J ilSSitSS "WJ" 1 e 5 j? N
181 3. -oii n t U
St. Louis, under Uie direction and autho-rthe
rity of the bishop of that Itoman Catho-1
lie diocese, to the effect that so sortn as the j
Itoman Catholics obtain the numerical
supremacy in any Mate, there will oe an
end therem of alt religioti toJera&rtfc
... . .. -, I
Has he seen any such statement I
Mr. Cass. I think I have seen that
statement through the pajn-rs, quoted, 1
believe, from that very paper. I have
I not seen the paper itself, but 1 have seen
tats sutieiiient quoieu.
Mr. liadger. Assuming that to be so,
1 wish to suggest to my friend from Mi
chigan, whether it' would not be wise, in
connection' with his proposition in regard
to foreign governments, to consider the
propriety ot some measures at home, in
anticipation of such a result, not at all
unlikely, I fear, for securing religious lib
erty at home. v
Mr. Cass. I will merely observe, in
respect to that, that I take it this govern
" ment has nothing to do with religious lib
erty at home. That is a question for the
Mr. Badger. Then I wish to suggest,
supposing sucU an event to happen, if, m
f this gmi'iii
ment, there should be a State or Mates 01
.te or Mates 01
the Cmon proluhitiiiff M religion toiler-
with foreign governments iu askini: from
them what we have not the imwcr to se
cure to their citizens at houfe.
Mr. Cass. I trust the honorable. Sena
tor is supposing an impossible casein this
Afr. (?fAPtin ' T 1n.ru, that l.i
orable Senator from Michigan has so ably
addressed the Benate, will now be refer
red to the Committee on Foreign dela
tions. At some future period 1 projiose.
to address the Senate upon it.
Tlie motion to refer was agreed to.
.7. -- Mr. Hunter moved to ptpine all pri
..' or .orders for the purfo S taking xtn the
"Itidiah Appropriation hill; hut Mr. liadg
er moving to adjourn, it was carried, and
tire Senate, shortly after 2 o'clock, ud
. jotJrned. .-'"''"
' HorsB or Rki'kksk.vtativm Mr. Rich
ardson withdrew the demand for the pre
vious question, on the resolution offered 1
by him several days ago, proposing to, Claimsi reijiecting certain lands in Indi
trminate the debate on the Nebraska ana, which was agreed tn and the bill
Kansas bill in live minutes after the put on its passage through the Senate;
House shall go into committee thereon, Iread three fifties and passed, "'
and offered a substitute for the resolution,! Mr. Pettit reported another bill, from
to extend the debate till Friday next, at"'
twel.ve o'clo;k, -and deinuudcd tho - revi -
.'ous question. on 17; 7- :'... :1.77..r.
JfDotrt .0 Pontiff
Mr. Washburne, of Maine, moved to
lay the resolution on the table. '
Mr. Oiddinga made a motion to sus
pend the rule, for the nurnoae of intro-
during a bill to repeal all art of the
Uw ot the tinted Statu winch uuthon
"z he coastwise slave trade.
Mr. ClingtllMI 'OlljfSCleiLtOlllS.illtjruduC'.
Mr. Uiddinm. I withdraw tn v oroio
ition becaue the advocates and foes of;
'the Nebraska bill think it interferes with!
the tijiht now going on, and I don't wish
to embarrass either side.
Mr. Dean. Vou want a freu filit.
Mr. Cumpbell movod a call of the
Mr. Dickinson vainly sought to intro
duce a resolution to the effect that every
bill tin the calendar in- committee of the
whole on the state of, tlie Union, which was
set aside last Monday, shall be restored
to its appropriate place.
Ihe (Hiestion was taken on shall there
be a call of the llou yeas til, nays 141.
Mr. Uichartlson askeu leave to offer a
resolution to terminate dm debute on the
i i I'll ..... i . .
.enraeka oni on aaiuruay next, ai is.
o'clock, and that the co'lsidcrution of the
special order, the l'acitic railroad bill, be
poetpuiied until the :Mtliiut.
Mr. Knge objected,
Mr. Uichartlson moved a suspcniion of
the rules. Carried yew 137, nayslW.
Mr. Richadsoii movul the previous
Mr. JluuL l wish to p'opose an amend
ment as to the time, whih frill make the.replv that the Globe's report of hit re-
ldutiow, mure acwptabW to the oppo- J uuirks waa substantially correct.- -
nents of the bill. I Mr. Hunt again rising said : I branded
Mr. Sage moved the resolution be laid j tlio gentleman's statement yesterday.
011 the table. , 4That brand still hiswes, '
air. limit again rose to make a propo -
Mr. Craige objected amid cries
" hear him I '
Mr. Hunt. The gentlenuii compels me to I Mr. Maxwell, who was entitled to the
take ground which 1 would not otherwise floor, then uihlreiwedjhe' House at length
take. The remainder of '.he sentence w as in favor of the Nebraska bill, the subject
lout in deafening cries ot " order, order." j which had been tuken up fur cuusidiirai
Mr. Craige. "'1 look oa the iteiitleiuaiillioi ntLieoiHtf bitu cominittt'o.
as a fuctionist, and 1 declare him such.
Before the result of the vote was an
nounced: "on M r. age'n mot io n, M r. Hi i tit
wislied to say a word personal tohis feel
ihe sjK'aker asked whether it was the
unanimous wish of the House.
Mr. Craige. I object -on the same
trroimd as I took before.
Mr. Hunt. If the gentleman from N.
Carolina stigmatizes me a a fuciioniet,
he spuaks a falsehood.- lul exeluma-:toief-iifrti:Xft:
Mr. i'fUlge. 1 will exereie-e my right
and will call the gentleman to order as
soon as I would auv bodv else.
Mr. Hunt. If the gentleman says I
a factionist. lie sneaks what is lalse (h.-in.-lv.n. Our iiroounition w to imm a law .le-: . , ' , . 7. teni wn ins D.l'lle, without let or 1111- ..
and the country. ! efarimr the retail traftV in intoxicating drink un-! . " ' . " "u.. lu .MaMm dratice of - the said Themlore : ..rovided. ! "M . " ",v. ' alnce, and which
rin- ,,e .-..tloouv. there were deaf -d h.ith to prohibit by ,1... mo., J ' , ' . " , . ' "1.T! "evertheless. that this private musical I JTJ, 4th
cries of "t rder order 1 he hoeak- 1 ' 1 "'" " jjauiau.jm-f --r-r; 1 1 " . 1 ' noio;uui uiu 1101 uegeiierate into a Pliu-1 . . . ... ., - .
iiieaoi . Tin 1 , or.it r. ."p-" , , !-. . .. m;. r. .1 Triol Id ih.oi.Io be noire eoliiiiuiiiiiute and .. , , raV". I . UrJuIiL fir II. a UX..eln' ..l.i,.l
" . .. . .. .- ....,1 TI... n..r...f,..., t 11.. , "..." v "i Mumm t u junj II U 1 ,. I.. e. -.i .1 . tv". . rneiucuau ui Minal valuo Inr oaahl rn
JJJtW;iMi!-at. , run lo Uitcrtuft! iOjf.
.. . . . . i .i
Mr. naviv. ol iririma. Uemanueu uku
arrest 01 me parties.
...... w-ai '
The Sergea.it-at-Arms,s..izing his mace'
of office, hurried over t
Mr. Itunt, ami
a little. Ihe
ex. itei.ieiit subsiiled
Speaker then exerted his)werto require
gentlemen standing in tiie aislcs to take
tueir seats. 7
r..". . . .1
iiie result ot the vote on laving me
re-H4iiti.H on the fable was annum-ed
veas o.. navs i.j-i.
- ' . , , , tr , .rfinu.iicatiiig drink i. the parent of the br. ,iv J 'm tueir people ev er nave :.y connex-
Mr. I arley moved that the House ad-, muri,rrm mltl.b h, orrl, ,nJ whi,.h M. ion w ith the slave trade at UmW.t
j.,urn till M.nduy next. Negatived oh ryi.a now , ,iiallll.fuy frM..r. (t ,1M .,,. jcdly. They were the principle lueii who
against lol. d.i.e.1, d.s prodn.-e, and w,l pnaluce. nine.. ; carrk-d it .,n. Jhev n.a..le Irm forttmtsaK'.Jw
Awthtat UinsHccessfnlmotion-wa md.4,Mht , wmridxSi nThy.It is ? cu-I Rf' ."d .f
to ad ..urn. TCres of ".lucslion. .lues- i, th ,.,... f ,.... ,i. .., a. ;,.,...,..., .7. . ... ... . ,hc Ju,'g "-emhhng from head to
,f . . . i 1
Hon, so boisterous, that persons in the.
lounies runiieii to tne nar, supHising mere .
was a tight.
v Mr. Washhurnc, of Illinois, said some-'
thing, but his voice was drowned in the
ileiileiiino- cries ot " order, auction." .
--Tlo. K.w,aL..e eoll.,.1 to ..:.,..
111.. ;t ' .
inirrc tt'ui'i . 00 ..ic9t;,.ii in iiiict as
111 dulck succession, like the irreirular far-!
nig of militia trrainers. Cries ol 14 ques-
Cries of - ones-
tlon, question, broke forth with renewed !
vigor, and amid the noisy proceedings the
deuuiud iur tlte prevmas -qnearioiT on Mr.
ltlCliarilsolisresoliltn.il was sec union ny -
,, .. .. . , .
. . .,.iiiii.n, , .ni. a'1 " iiimt. 1.1 ,-,eiv pari ... :
restored. Calls or the bouse were made .,). jt,. n, W((U, crown rv wt) t, .
a, 1. 1 ini.tll.iu In ...... ......... .-..I....OI.,:l ! . . . . !
yuipt.l.,..... ... .i.jLit"..!'?!.
the first part of Mr. Kichard'soii's resohi-
,.i.... niivin.ii . pl., . g j
tiun to chwrJ thd.aieTOll The .Nebraska loll
at noon on Saturday next was adtipted by
yeas 114, nays 5!'. The second branch
of his resolution postponing the consid
eration of the l'acitic railroad bill till
K'T. T$' ;,3 u'"1 11,0
yeas lo, uavs ...I, una the House at 0
III tlio .Somite, on Tuesday, several pe
titions of 11 private character were present
ed 011 different subjects, which were re
ferred to their appropriate committee.
Mr. Pratt presented a petition from cit
izens of the District of Ohirnliid, pray
Tiig that the turnpike oh Maryladd ave
nue, leading east, might be made free;
referred -to the Committee for the District
'Mr. Pettit asked leave to report a bill
from the committee of which he wusehair-
main, (the (5mmittee on Private Lrtrul
the saitie committee, of a private charac-
itr, which was likewise read three timosjter, but did it im.fit.liim I ..The answer w in hi I.
land passed--- - . 7W7 rohtntarylcatli, and i the pottrrV field. Ob,1
.lira, -grinltar, ntrrnat
Mr. Mallory moved that the resolution
on the subject of the Africanization of
Cuba, which was introduced tome time
back by Mr. Slide!!, should be read.
The resolution was accordingly read,
but on motion of Mr. Sumner laid on the
table. - ' ' .
&JMsU mftVfti that 2,000 eopie
the retiort tn the sttbject of the seizure of
the UlackWarrior should be printed for the
use of the Senate.
Mr, Bright presented a
- the subject of an armorv for the regiment
I"f tho olunteersof the District of Colutii'
bia ; which, on motion, was referred to
tlio Comiuittee on tho District of Colum-
Mi Mullory made some remarks on tlte
debate of yesterday, when the paper call-
ea tlie "Miepherd of the Vallev
i .. a. . r . .
made the snbiect of comment. He de
i ' . r . .
. fended the Roman Catholics from the
Huisk. Immediatelv after conungto-
" . " ...... ...
gethcr to day the House went into a Com -
mittee of the Whole on the smte of the
; Union, (Mr. Obis in the chair,) when Mr.
... . t
, limit rising asked leave to make a tierso-
iutl explanation, and said that the report
of his remark yesterday in the Globe of
this morning was wrong; that found in
the ofher paers being correct, "
Mr. Craige, also rising to a personal
explanation, said that, conceiving that
Mr. II. had reference to the report of what
had parsed tictween himself and that gen
tleiuau on that occasion, lie had only
l Mr. l.raige. lou cannot strut into a
' cnr.,,.ji u,.t e,t.L' r. of i , l,n
of j Here commotion arose In the hall, and
i theee irciitleiiien timk their seats.
Address of th Central Committee.
to.tds norm or toi'TV toL!.
h'tilmt t htrkt : The .Vntnil Com mittee aj.
jMiinU-d by thf (Convention if eitizenii ojpoA-d tn
the liquor trathe, bt g leave V adilrea vou, and
iilimt nwjwetfully lo aek your aid in enrryingout
the iurjM'a of the Ojuventton.
We di-airn the entire suppression of the liquor
traffic, but yet we do not diniro even thi great
and beneficial reform again-t vour will. We
hirfie your undenlaiKling either hate been or
..' I. .Ia; .''tUUtvdi.Uitii uurtiiiMt.UK-;
wiuiirilwrwtrf bt smtrn j? tt " " '" r "
llefore enbrmg on oSr main purinme, we d"
ire to v. that when we sinali of ending tin
traffic, we do not wmh lo accompli)) that by any
t - i i . . n . i
i forever ahoth slid iirolubiL Hut-th.-w cn-at
1 irnnuie wu mu irsss, wvm v n nniu iit win
j.. . tA :i r 4
1 , -..named. We k tl i.unia of a lm
lir,.1)V , fr.,.m,.n ((f . Stt.-, entitl..)
. ,tB, ,lj, t the polls, say whether they d.ire
i,e enaelin. nt of a urohilslorv law :
It cannot surely la- neoswary iu detail to t ate
the '.! of- the sale of intotii atin Jrfnk. f II. v
.1:11 .ll - Ll. I . ..
H.-i.e IV,- ,.r. ... u. e.erj man, .,nW. ...u
"ny .v ""1
j day mat tWy are a apparent aa the. Ught.
i nl a lumii-ilii- a .fin ,-jni mo. .iiti-l l lie aul.
... - v ..
" r i"-'v. ' v"u-" " 1
character ; it foUoy cti ity. energy, imlustry. !
ain nope, ai;j hji. uur country with. miserable, I
drunken 'loafers. It
.....1... 11. M.:iu..M .J ,
w.'uiih and iiK:orrie whs-li otin rwiM.' might 1
j appropriaie.) to lienmolenee, education, and iin
tToveuu-nt. .TW nMvawit in- mswu e-
i '"f Wi.ul.l liiuM all tlie riilro.l Cotltelllplat..t
;ot disireii in SHth t'andiiin: would endow and
........ ji...- ....1 . I..-.:.- : . r
b r,auol g. mu ami art. '1 In-sale of inb.j I
,.,,,. ,. ii, ..u. ,.r l. f....f..i ,.,..........!
,.f ..."n,,,. tt , ..;..K
f inanity. It is the dread tyrant which
all the all.--ii.ii of the heart; d.-trov
i hartna of Aome, nfrtt-homt ; f-ak the tie.
'of wife and cliflMren ; and turn the hn.bnnd and :
tinner lino me i.riiiu n nun iii.i.mi ion l r-ni. u
T U rylHt- lhf ulnrr ! At the plncro where inloi-
'icsiinir Hrmlc i
'Irinlf iw h.ii ie l--arn. .U wteal bin mnr
nErVgoK to hate him, and tinally to put him
Ai. ftwfii riu-tiire lia tbiw ls-,-n ha.'.lil.v sketch-1
. 1 1 1 ... 1 :.
'.. . . v ..
' Vi ivi. ,ii ""a till," ..I. ii. 1
and Mwthm is lt.it,,r U. iH- TodT
you will nay take it awar. I At uieJ
r. It theJ
original no lonr lie fmnd in South ( junllna.,.
How .can it be doiiu l rroluuit lhe munu,
f,.tr,. and -al- a-a l.verag,, f If-.v...l ho d.me.
'he nemn.li H.lle .ilileetlntl. I lie .mm. ..1..,.
lion wa. ujifed wb.'n your fathers of '70 were
about breaking their fetu-ra on ihe head of their i
tyrant mother, (.rent llriuin. I rusting in Ihe
-iol-ntor iniunoiia mean, even lo ihe .lealent ' . .1 . 1 . , ,
1-or.i i.i ii.s.i,in ' pamoi ... it, em.-r.-i on t"" tlie taiicv. The heart has nothing to do
glonou. trial, and were rewarded will, liberty- with ' jn it worst passions. An
pruvl.,. ,U-rty. Ue pro,-.. i to you to do so .:..,,. y ...., '.,.,1, v
likewise, and we promise you liberty aolier lib
erty; freedom- now nV twev-er'fremi the reign
of the tyrant of the iiipf '"' " ." 7
The constitution i in the way, i anylher ole
jeclinii. Rend the constitution of this'Niate and
the United StHles and you will find that the
power to legiolate in thi parlk-nlar is left to the
ligislalure of the Suin without rnstrii'tion. The
'l.-t-.vii.fi of liie court of this Stab; and of the
1'nite.J Slat.-, affirm this io be mi.
Hut it is restrictive of the rihl of propefiy,
i another ol.ji-e.tion. . The manufacturer the
distiller says, " I thin turn mv corn, ye, and
harley, into money." Yoh turn Ihr fluff ttf tiff
into the drtlrnclutn ofit fur trwnryi Are you
hearth- enou-ih to hold up tit' nnce ol IiIikmI
wnj MT t, iour wealth. Jud;iotil lii nu-
SALISBURY, N. C; TMAY 25, 1854.
'our country men, fly from uch aecaraed avarice
There is no Dwcity tor yitlditig to it. You
can sell your com, ryejj and Wtt-y, (or a IwtU-r
and more certain reward. Tlie rsilrosd. haw
brought a market to your doors. South Caro
lina dor not. raioe enough of the breadstuff for
the consumption of the peoil, and hence there
is no necwitv to diatilt. Tkrrt it no turpi ui.
Rv"eryT)UKerdihtiired lalctt thtCmutk bmd
from thtmtmthi of tht kungri,and itarving poor!
The vendor has not eyun tbe pour pretence of the
Hialeller. 11m maVeift ninner out of the blood.
; tears, miserr. Dovertv. deirradstion. innatiit. and
: crime of men, women, and children, and, Vei
inn-hke, holding it up, h liayt, can you tell by
its .smell whence it utniyl The human sense
may not be aide to aso ruin, but the eye of the
everlasting Avenger hskseen from the beginning
wbettL-e it came, and He is rcly to say of the
dealer, "cut him down, why cumberetn he the
That prohibition is no new thing, is shown by
our laws prohibiting the sale of intoxicating
drinks in quantities less than three gnllonssn'A
oul liftntt ; rubibiting gaming; our qusr-
fl II 1 1 1 1 MSW , l IT: IN"! 1 1 IV. 1 1 II.llll.lfc mi,
, it. in. n from going at large, by classinu them as
Hiilin laws; tlie laws wlneli prohibit Kile gen
vagrant, and niauv otle-r ninuUr ehacUiients.
That prohiliition ia neo aeary, in ahown by the
fw-t that moral suasion ha utterly failed. Tliat
aa long a temptation u U-fore the drink'ng man,
hy I lie nail) (if iutoaieating drink, sobriety CflU
never be olKsined. 1 hat the vendtm ran only
lie rearhed by; law. That it it by prohibition
alone that the tratHc with tlavr can be cut off
Most of you will say we admit all rou say ;
how can you etTevtMally j rohiLit the safe. le
elare hy law that whereier iiiloiicating drink ie
f,,,.,..! I,, l r..t,t f..r kuIm u m lM..rwJ it kIibU
up.(I) the roniietion of the offender un a trial
tbs Court of Ueueral Jksiou of Uie 1'eace,
be d.t lared fis-fWted. aad ordered to be destroy-
ed, and the whole iliinj; i done.
'1... Ulhcr Sute. have. uiatU tlie experiment,
u, ",l t..uu.l it to be eily Jone, ami produc
llVH of tile lnilt htttinV ritlltlA.' ( file fl tl ilHItf'
! p"rte town. Kdgerield. And-non, Greenville,
. ! . . ...I ... V." . ... I 1 f.. . ...
Spartanburg, (.aiin-na, ifiealn rry and Sumter
t ill.- liave ! w t-mily tlie tralliu I .U-
preaWd, and how IwpiAly beaos and guud order
iL , . ' "'
oRlr wive, children, our .laves, and ourselves an
.r "no." '
Show yourselves to lie freemen, worthy of a
' . ... . , . ,
freeman In ritae, by faying to your represent-
..mage, uy tyn to yr represent-. ii' Lrrcnw Hm -vi-feit n-
wi,h a prohibitory law or not, N,x"n' !"" " mak music of
J atti cs, gire iiii tli
that, and then wh.'n the
oi.u- prohibition uMin .-very halliH, and itiM-ribr
it uh.ii every lii.ui'-U-.l, ao that your children
and chUdri-n' i hitdren inay ri-gard it aa equally
to be ckehnlied fih life, liberty and pr.ierity.
JH HKL'itiN' O'NEAL,
Chairman of tlie Central Committee.
' TI'? OHtcfyTraTsinI by ienple in non
slavehobling States against slavery impo
ses iiion no one but themselves. Are
Northern men better than
make them soi And11ow'd6-thJ,-ww'rB-"
. b..- it
i ""ow It I
i '"i 'ivv vu ii.rnj vilitti.b
ttl,l uW . .1.1 i-.. t -i .
What I,... l.....o. ... .I,..,. t... 1 !
1 siau'si . t-i utiiii r .
t.Jthey give them away 1 Not a bit ofit .
1 f, f.,re their law abolishing slavery went
i int.. .u.rti.... u -l.i..l. ..a. .... nil lll.,..
-.T - . . . . ... r .
j ceased to bo
rofitable they sold every
in their HMei.'ii to t'.ie
., s .
What an illiistrat'iin ,,('
,11,,,,., . ji ,1i1it.1.tir,,v
(. . t) 1 -
r,-1 .1 . ...... i ....
- -'- ...oi.'ni iiitnueu law. against
the slave trade, Northern philauuiropy
was never excited upon the subject of
1 . -
Have they, ever shown their excessive
compassion for the slave hy contributing
the iuoiiey made in the slave trade, or iu
any other way to his emancipation I Nut
t" an. lliev nave limit III. codssal tor-
. - . . .
tunes and muiiunoth cities upon slave labor
ti... .1 I I.. .. !
'" ) )' "K' grip u every "tme.
ihov M ill not l.nv tl
; .,i ... . r , .- .
h cruh- ! Ihey will not ui.l the tugitive negro, who
. all .!. I has esoa,) from slavery, to escaj-c from j
the ti.7,stHrvutloIU-. Ihey.. wdl shww irerryj
Thev wil t ..i.Itl... fiuritien ,.,.. wl..
wilt ia shw jirerev
to tlioir own white poor,
much less to tlio
i.iiii.l i , n,.. auctuxj,.
doihix,y raiu eh -fw7j:,u r Kvttw (, . WllT;ff M.n'Jdred years ...Id, the other was ninety-sev
iNot l.ecau.-e they are . 11... i.:. .1.... 1. . ..1 1 11 1 en. and both were older tliitli ho was hioi
about slavery f
more sympathitup or more humane than !
LrlWlfi - Urm.. UmHUm,r
in. iv k uiu- I 1 a., i-iu iii fr,. if.,1 .1.....!
. . - J 1
. 1 f - - - - ; - , - - . .
Ills easier t.
l'"-" .".' o.-ignooi a ciiarscu'r
I'liuU Jo reform your own. Moreover, the
J uoniilial.shtVery ot7 tliu..bla:k JaU.rer di-
vert. attention from tJitr W Wavery oXjW
.tint .ir. .ini.ii In Inim. , j . r-, 1
Northern al.oliti.iii is mndo up of fa-
naticism, envy, hatred, anil all nncharita
J.loness. It is a thing of the head and of
I J ....... .......
the slave, is its ruling principle. Again
we ay,4f tlM.no hypocrites iinpte npon
themseives, they inq.ose upon no one eW.
- - .
. ExTRAOBllINAUV PiKTOLSuiKfn.SO. The
great match ami bet of one tbrnisnnd dol
lars tu eight hundred (says tho New Or
leans Pieaynne) has at last been decided,
Mr. Travis winning the money upon the
first shot. A small orange was placed on
the head of a man, anil Travis stationed at
a distance of thirty-six foct. At the first-l
e .1 If. I- ,e. , . .
lire tm; orange was nit, nan ine uuuet go
ing through, Ihither dangerous Wvort for
Uie. chap upon whose noddle.' the orange
was placed. 7 " ; ! L . .
glrtg cn gnrnrrs, jHoralityi jnb;j!)fotgil9irflf,
.Frs la Rtltigk Rtgittn.
KEGS, CRANIUMS AND FIDDLE8.
State by James Aswell tw. Tlieodore Au
Superior Court of Law, Fall Term, 1 852.
'James Aswell was a sorrowful man.
His griefs were manifold, multitudinous.
James Aswell was also a Fiddler ; not
strictly a professional violinist. But he
played on his own hook, as it were ; to
please himself though he would not
scorn sometimes in his better moods, to
please a few of his friends.
Musicjhath charmrte -ont!ie the sav
age breast It cheereth the saddened
spirit, and drivelh dull care away. So,
at least, thought James Aswell one night
in August last, as he took himself to Cas
well's Doggery and essayed to solace him
self with corn juice and music, after a ikv
litical defeat. " Away with melancholy'
had already been sawed off with surprising
ly hilarious effect. And "Landlord till
tlie flowing bowl" was now in process of
vigorous execution. Horse-hair and cst
gut were kissing each other in ecstucy ;
hud become right jolly together, and, in
fact, were getting to be aliout as royally
tipRV as Jemmy himself when in stag-
gered Iheodore Angustus JSixon, " hi tn-
iHph-adv4tieiig," Now, Thendrre had
been treating yuotl luck with whiskey, j Men talk much of the dignity of labor,
until Oh be joyful" was becoming all j but in itself, as we have often said, there
over him. Of course, hearing the music, ja no dignity in labor; it is the person,
he took up the role, aad incontinently the cause, and the motive, not the toil that
pitched into a most obstroHi!otis double confers dignity on art. "There is nothing
shufuV, iu a style of execution which j ;,t toil," said ll. Greeley, " of any kind,
would have shamed the madde-t dancing that enables and dignities its votary, un
XJtiaker in New Ix'banon. Even tliMtaw it be the inotiv which impel iiim to
did hot satisfy the vaulting ambition of ; pursue it." This is correct, strictly speak.
Thcodoro Augutiis, and attempting t frrg, but there can be no doubt that some'
t' pomhine double shuffle, pigeon-wing, loecnpationsjiave a mental elevating ten-aiid.lmck-step
in one mighty' effort fdency, while there are othvrs that have a
Terpsichorean skill, his gyrations led him : degrading one. Hut so far as it relates to
beyond his limits, Fiddle and Fiddler bit tr,i0 worth, the couplet of Pope is good,
the dust, and the iollv Bacchanal was! mid nnnlienlibt tu man in every condition.
, ,m,.ir,t lo an extenusiraneoiis halt.
- away, yon locofJco rascal !" shout-
MgI 1 IJO-KlorO. "ill MM? !! M I1F.
HfTPnt -ttmttr. Il
bad enough to be beat at lecfion thout
havm to fiddle for a nantv hitlieinl to
1 a amereni sort rom two empty vessel
coming .violently in contact, seize.l an
i i l i.i .i. i i ..c
.11 ;.. .).,. .... ,.(!!.: ....i .i
aswcii, in uie peace 01 uod ana the Mate
,i, ., ., 1 ,1, . -, ,
1 asw ell s foggory w as, for the nonce, the
Inn of the 1 roaocutor ; and thut ho had
!, b.l ei.,l.i . .. , ...i...
1 a;.J? u:.a i ... 1.:. 1 ..
iuiefoi mm in.-iviii hi ma uean s ctin-
uv a iminout; u.?
l.k.. . . ' '.i ' m i a .
"".iin-e mn 11 inrmim- nn
. . 1 f 1 .
.,,sl"8 '"'"i'tod either lorcu.iy to arrest
1!rB'"."1 '"t'l'-ly by rudely throw-
illir I1I.OM..II 1,1- hi.. , ...i H.I . our.
f.ii .i.ni,.,. f.i.. il,.. rL.io.tunt artit l.'j
mt'iu or its master, or to extract music i.v
'.rl!., u L..O til... .rti.i'..rui.M-...:
" f3 - & -,-" --- .".
then the said Theodore had violated the
law and was guilty of the charge. The
old, ease ofthe " li-tttle of the Kegs" was
never of much authority, and now, since
the Involution, is without weight, and
whiskey was no excuse, &c.
ihe defendant, iheodore Auirustus
f.Hit, awaiting Ins doom. He looked ab
solutely hojieless; penitent, but the very
impt rsonation of despair. No "safe de
liverance" beamed on the face of the un
hapoy Theodore. 1
The eye r.f Hi Honor twinkled w ith
fun, as with inimitable mock gravity, he
looked aroand and enquired if auv one
I could say wfietber James Aswell was u
trmxl fulititr and whether he Was, at
-.1 ....w.ifi,,.! ,,lu, ;, B,.. r.,,,:- ,w
should lie arm
,t , '
p Tjrt TI
H"".Ul4 .,Mdn!nlt '!' UU'' finoyed
satisfactory solution 1
1 e "
aiT.M ,1... ....' .. ,1...!
T ri'i ,. .mThT .1 77
i lie TjCiuiuuns a 10. me artisitH,
ri.;n ,.t .1... .'
vies del idert-TTrfrtT
,..' ,v ,, U1,l.:,luv 11 '.,,,.,. n:J
... rrr I
Honor bsiketi la.rteMrs.tilaei.tl bw Inim
itK'ditalion. Some one, more sceptical
than wise, perlmjis, iutiinntcl that His
Honor was eating his handkerchief to
keep from hiughino' at the dismal figure J
Jm drirta ftlpri.,,-Hi l.o";
r- : ; . - : . -
prisoned twelve months at least, it not to
be put in the stocks.
He was fined oiw dollar by the g.nid
hOmorcd. Judge ; and f orthwith planked
up the rhino, bowed gratefully to His
I bnlor, thanked his Ijiwyer, also the jury,
and the jH-oplo generally, donned his old
beaver, and... went on his way rejoicing,
the happiest man in ten counties,
Genuine' l'anlve. Tho following
graphic stanza is from a poem tend be
fore "the Historical Society at Hartfort,
II. wouki kiai . queen lil h. rsixl a blivler.
Wjih hi. arm armia Her nee k, and Si. old fell tial on : .
U'nttM .Mre the kinv; with Ih. title of mister,
An am Him the prte of ih. thruti. he Ml on-7
A lad in Connecticut has multiplied a
sum of twonty'-Rix iigurwt,"ty twenty-six
figures, mentally, and given the eorreet
result. i : -'.-,. '-.-'
eiiioiv aeir anti nurieo it ui uic iieau ui , a j . . ir
the sullen violinist. For this slight mis- bec" l'e', or entered iu th U.
take, was Tlieodore now indicted, ut.aer S it,'V'hcc, this year, before heitt De
the technical name of an aanault and bat- fe"'bor'1t!',e.,iai,i1 '" bery
lerv in and uoon the hhI v of ... Am.J H'ingexhib.led by model, or ample ir,
. Ke-lasgsnUsa sf tk Crystal raise.
Tlie Crystal Fatace in this City was re
opened with very appropriate ceremonies
on Thursday of last week. The iiomp
and display f high civil and military
dignitaries witnessed last year, when the
exhibition was first opened to the public,
and the total subordination ot art and in
dustry, to gaud and glitter, on that occa
sion, were amply attoned for on this one.
It was an ovation to the genius of indus
try and art. There was a procession of
the Association and citizens through the
city which, as a whole, was a dead failure,
as it should be for processions, except
upon very extraordinary occurrences,
should be thrown to the moles and the
bats. In our opinion they are foolish and
unnecessary affairs. The ceremonies with
in the Crystal 1'ulace, however, were in
good taste ; the only objection was too
much tpovting, a mistake which migjit
have been avoided if the Directors had
only employed one clergyman and one
lawyer, instead of three of each class, to
make speeches. Elihu Uurritt, " the learn
ed blucsmith," and Horace Greeley, were
the otilv mechanics, who made speeches.
There was one idea on which most of the
spuakerg seemed to dwell erroneonstyvandjret trow be1 re, stuffed into his boots, and a
whici Mr. Greeley corrected with great
f jnioTueTvTTfaiTwasTtie dlirnitv of liitUor.
I .. .
.if .1 A ' . !-..
fc,rlia7.ium,nnde very giKsIsech.
: L f, . iluIH.rtt.t part of it the
. ' e .' .
aniiouncemeui oi ceruiin ln-jre prizes,
j M uu , , . , . . ,
i ,leJ at n r.. w....
A I - . . . ' . ...
invention or discovery which shall
e Crystal lalaie. Mud. A like im.lul
1 , - 77 . , , .'"
nor cain to 1 uearuet. w nose worK
tat Palace, and which shiilt 1 ,e deenied
the most meritorious. '31 Yive
nunnreu aoiiar mwiais tor cfls , to five
11 tin ii . r
linventurs whose invent:.nn. K ,)n-
1 . , . . r ,
xinbited tor iirize comiietitioii
1 W .V.
ib evening there were also exerci
ses, at which James Henry.TSf the New
V o'rk Mechanics' Institute, made a short
and very excellent speech; arid the llev.
K. II. Chimin, delivered an clociuent and
(glowing oration. We think the eshibi-
i ,,,,n he well uud ablv comluct-
ed ; and that it will prove to be a source
rf enjoyment, and a means of social and
intellectual elevation, to hundreds of thou
.auds.we have no doubt.
The Crystal Palace is now open rrr vis
iters every dav and evening, front 8. A.
M. to 10 1. M., the admission fee being
A Miracle of the PrtsaU Day. Ma
ny reader may remember the appear
ance of Mr. Joseph lialch, of Johnston,
New York, in the procession which met
Daniel Webster on his last jiribrie cii
t ranee into lioeton. Mr. Illicit was born
Feb. lfl, 1700, and is now in the ninety
fit h vear of his age. lie was three years
a soldier iu the war of the American rev-
lution, has been nil active participator
in all political events since that time.
ir. 1.1 . l 'i.e ;-.- t
" "J ' singular lena-
TclrT ,1'UhjCi ana nisi ; vcajuio is py iionfn
. , . t 1 , . r
. ' .
self... He is
li. IS Jli.ll ill ...iciwiiiit ol' ull lil.
( ; natural lacuities, can read the finest print j
-r .-,.r..--' -- .- . . . .
cles, can walk two miles at a tune with ;
ui.st young iiR'ii, a id Ins memory not
only .covers Very closely all the events of
his youth, but "keeps pace with the cur
rent movements of modern timos.., -L.
1 ins tine
old Aiuericau irenth'inan has.-1.
recently made a visit
to W iscoiisiu and
some other parts of the West, in order 'to'
see the progress ofthe country with which
he wax so well acquainted in its infancy.
We have been allowed to examine one of
his letters, which was written from Rock
cntrtitr, isconsm, a couple of w eeks aiKv
io eximctuau ui 11113 . city, wnicil in its
. .1 - . c : - i i . .
chirogrnghy ami grammatical construe
t'fon" would do credit to any mercantile
'clerk, of the present day, and is alsoditll
of. lively and sensible remarks with re
gard to the cefcuiition and prospects of the
Country to which he had been so recently
introduced. This active and venerable
gentleman exiieets soon to visit hja friends
in lloston nn. I vicinity during the present
season, and has made- arrangements
thcrefwr. HasUm Courier, May 11.
Sotnelmtly advertises to "sit up' with
tho sick for ;f 1,30 pcrtugMv delirium tie-
NUMBER I j
THE KNOUT. V I
The following is the way of adminis
tering tlie knoiit : Conceive, reader, a ro
bust man, full of life and health. This
man is condemned to receive fifty w a
hundred blows of the knout He is con
ducted, Mf naked, to the place chose&L
fur this kind of execution ; all that he lias
on is a pair of simple linen drawers round
his extremities; his hands are bound to
gether, with the palms laid flat against
one another; the cords are breaking his
wrists, but no one pays tlie slightest at
tention to that He is laid flat upon hi
belly, on a frame inclined diagonally, and
at the extremities of which are fixed iron
rings ; his hands are fastened to one end
of the frame, and his feet to the other;
he is then stretched in such a manner that
he cannot make a single movement, just'
as an eel's skin is stretched in order to
dry. This act of stretching the victim
causes the bones to crack, and dislocates
them what does that matter I In a lit
tle time his bones will crack and be dis
located in a very different manner.
At a distance of five and twenty paces
stands another man : it is the public ex
ecutioner. He is dressed in black vel-,,
colored cotton shirt, buttoning at the side.
His sleeves are tucked up, so that noth
ing may thwart or embarrass' him in his
movements. With both hands he grasp)
the instrument of punishment a knout
This consists of a thong a thick leather,
cut in a triangular oTiTO,1roTiTluTirtave
yards long, and an inch wide, tapering
tt' at one end, and broad at the other;
the small end is fastened to a little wood
en handle, about two feet long." " '
The signal is given ; no one ever latses"
the trouble to read the sentence. The
executioner advances a few steps, with
his body bent, holding the knout in both
hands, while the long thong drag's along
the ground between his legs. On com
ing to about three or four paces from the
prisoner, he raise?, hy a vigorous inove
muit, the Uuotit toward the top of his
hu, and tlieu instantly draws it down
with rapiditj towards his knees. Tlie
thong flies and whistles through the jry
and pesi'ehdTiig on the Xod v of the vic
liut, twine round it like a hoop of iron.
IU Spite of Ina alata i
wretch bounds as if he were submitted td
the powerful grasp of galvanism. Tlie
exee utioner retraces his steps, and repeat
t''.e same operation as many times as there
are blows to be inflicted, when the thong
envelopes the body with its edges, the
a.. 1. i:.,oii int
u .". n...,.j -
fall ttaf, then' the hones crack : uie nesujj . f
in that case, is not cut, but crushed and 77
ground, and the blinxl spurt out in all
directions. The sufferer become green
and blue, like a body in a state of decom- . .' i
position. He is now removed to the hoe
pital, where every care is taken of him, - . f"
he uisappearsi ferever-in-;thft lwei afJafer-f
the earth." lne knout is fatal, lfthe jus
tice of the Czar or of the exectttJomfF
sires it to be so. ' If the aublcrat' intien
ti.in is to afford his people a sight worth w
of their eyes and their intelligence, if
some powerful lord, or some great lady,
wishes to indulge in the pleasure of view-
iing the sanguinary sbectaclu : if tlinv
wi.di to behold the victim, with his mouth
covered with foam aud bbxitl, writhe
about and expire in frightful agony, the
fatal blow is given the very last. Tho
executioner sells his compassion and pity
lorhardgold, when the family of the mis
erable sufferer desires to purchase the fa
tal blow. In this case he inflicts death
was an axe that he held 111 Ins hand.
The Knout ami tie Jtuttiaa.
THE GOAT IN THE CnAIR.
Dr. C.ioper, of 'the .Smith Cnrolir,afJuL-J.
lege, was one of the best iintnreil old
gents that ever lectured to mischievous
boys. On one occasionwhcii lit1 enter J
ed the lecture-room, he foiimT the class
all seated with unwonted' punctuality-,
and looking wonderous grave. Mischief
was the cause and it was apparent that
they were prepared for a hilisAof mg-r
ter 'as tiio old D.ictor w ailed along to the
protestor a ciinir, toi-Jtu'eo s;if an elijtul
ooit iiprtghtrtiTSht'nTo Hie chair.
they w ere disappointed of ilroir fun. for
instead of getting angry anil storming, at,
them, he milillv reintirL-ml " Ab.i ,-..m,,
.1 . .-..---i." -
vour tetuleneios f Ciui - - - -- -
..... , ..inivi .:'i.,nii:itii, i see. in
I dare say: the nresent i....,l,,..,t
i:n . ti . .....
Forerunner of a Sorm.Te West- I'
field Transcript gives nn account of ait
unusual phenomenon which occurred t
Ihiroclona on Tuesday of last week. The -hike
at the time was quite smooth, scarce "
ruffled by a ripple, wheny without, any M
apparent j.-aiise, a huge wave extending
up and down fhe'lako as far as could be
seen, nnd presenting a sq'iiare front nbont
live fee in lieightVcanie rusliing into the
harbor, up to the shore, and then recoiled
m the same manner as far in tho lake as
could be seen. There w as but .me wave,
and the lake was still as before. There
wV appearance of a storm anvwherv
At Dunkirk there was a similar 'mov.
ing of the waters,'' and it w as predicted . ,
by the "oldest ihhariitant" that a storm .
was brewing.- In less than tweuty-f mr
h uirs the storm conirrrence.l, and such -
.i.otl.ci, V V 1A t I iv : . i i . ..
another NT. E..gnleold Erie Im.l not -'blow-"
nn ii its eu as any ot yon. low may
listen to hi leetnre -todiy-. Oaod "bye 1 -i?
Don't feci 8heepisk. tthuulitl? -2lud-Ii.''
went away withutit ltiavliiinTTmTTTie:
1-. tijuiatn. -