nil -"V "i I "V
VOL. XT. NEW SERIES.
SALISBURY N. C., JULY 6, 1854.
, CI J
i Ji 511 h i .
. i ;j 1 i r
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
TiM DuUira year, paid withia thra. awnthi fiam
date of MUwriptna f lwJtr and 6Hy cm. if nut
Mid ft for. MM aipraUu. nf th yr, and Hire, dul
la. .Am Ik. Tear ftaa ellnred. ppr dieroiiliii
ad mMM all vtear.fr. are paid .terpt at (he upoun
of IM EdiUir.
Letter. In Ik. Kditar ml be port fid, lo .neura
UlMlioa. - . ... .
-A ifHii i. U tffipntuptti by 16 cIom tan
A. dv.rtM.M4 mMtiaf J J qurs, charg
4 la Biufnrtio to I ifuni M.ktac 'Ji Sit m.
iniiitiiw liam. All fracUuiMi ut m mi
la i at i, chwf4 pmpurnua to it bolt, .r
It . frell pmrl.
UcsmioimJ nmwaim, wiihuat .dililumil chrj,
y llww mbu iitwitiw (n4wtf dHMtfH
IVmH Oforra chrr4- 2i pr rt-ni hifhrr thatt tb
kf. nl. Order, fordivuro of huabaod aud wife,
t.TPrauit aadutf i. advrtiemnta are rrqveei
ed to Mai. lb. nnmbrr of inarrtwptia required ; and if
it it viaiMd thee tooaM ucea.r in. leaat fMM
- hkj wriCapoil lb. brk th word riaae. IHherwwe
the felt-be pal my in the aauej M)ia aad ehrjd
MoraVaftr. - - ..
i.M . IHIM raUli :
EoKSToN, iJith June, lff.H.
The undersigned, citizens of the conn
tv of (;hoan, N. ('.. .were at the discus
rtioa which .took place at the Court IlmiM
in Krlenton, between Jen. A. lH-kcrv
arm i noma. irajfK -"T ",D lvl" :
April tfct, md "difitim tly recollect that j
tienIhjckerj aiked Mr. 1'ragg the.fol
lowing quual ions ; -- . -. - '- i
mAm. m rw, of. tfe 4vfemum
...v 4..... - -
UetlHJort and n ett Id the T-tnte htu
To which Mr.TJragg answered!
7 ant not here Ut be oi"cAi'w yu
hart no right to qwetion ttu f"
Jlie Uen. remarked :
-1 tee you are aiin ui wvy- mt ,
nrHr-.T-, 7i -ry nr,TTj ryT -.irrgc-ts
I itttMfcs .i 7 5 1? M
r-a 5 Ci
I S. ...-: -i M k.
!. , b 5
ftttttum", ... . -we have 4ieti--iMmtvWe-wm.'it'
TWHJi B!28lrfi. 'Crl '-Ismrnwrul -tculh AlltitW.- WurJ.- att-.iUc
" , i mtnitit . ''..- .411 hject to the citizens of Lniierirk and to
tkwr. l)m-kery h al4l. j4itiwiuttr. ,-eoplf -ItH'tami, wbu know the matt
" Are you in favor of the MMf's txir aw spotless worth, must be heedless.
rowinq money to build tlu rood '' I .
-To which Mr. Uragg answered clearly t
j 1 .t....l:.. . I
- " NO, Slit? but lam willing to ex - j
tetulthe Itoad at far at the nuaut and
rtstntreet vj mane m m Jl't'J
THOS. H. LEAKY, Jr.,
II. A. BONCE,
II. W. HATHA WA Y r
. W. B. SATTFUHKLD,
CHARLES O. BRUT.
, ajs, , ejsrtra-H 1 1 A X. -sr.;
NATH, I, CI LLINS,
MOS'ES W. WEBB,
W. J. HL'NTF.R.
JNO. J. HAWKINS,
JNO. N. McDOWKLL,
" benj. ii. webb.
r - - -.
ATLANTIC asi KfC. RAILROAD.
We-km-thtrfferTrr tliTs RaTTroadT
has been secured; Five hundred and one
thousand three hundred, dollars, i "W ' 1
. 3001 were subscribed iu the town of N u
brrn, and the five percent in raxh, paid
in. The subscription of jliii,lMl,at Iia
fr.igh, by Kiaelv .V tt n'TtJuiJJI coil
was di't'laii'd void arid thrown out
nave no doulit tlie niti.-cniition oi ;
JKimjl A tki. fM y-t?ry-t.rt4nr,ly vki'IjhI-
ed ; and .we think it a. matter oi congrat-
Illation that it was done. We have no
ittea of these northern companies con-
trolling North Carolina Roads, "and more
, esjrecially of having a controlling power , uc wori Irish women uo4esAthe secret
at such a si'aMirt at Beaufort. ,,f feminine grace. Thev know how to
Tlie jreople of Newbeni deserve great j w.,ik- do not higgh, it is a serious nmt
erelit and merit unbounded success, foil,,,,. . Erench Woman can w;tfk so can
their sjdirit of enterprise. r !,ui Italian. A Spaniard excels in this
The car of improvement - moves on j ;tK- ('..minii... nit sometimes she
bravely,- Coneottt (lasrUe.
TTITT A "PTM5TT V nV'TVMWXt KXrV !
' .' "I - -
"We'find rlili" affecting 'announcement
In a Conservative conteinoorarv. the Li-
merick Chronicle : ''" L""i'-d of six feet, and keep step with him,
t- v ' ,r. .,,., , I has no need of our rhetoric to convince
IliC V ery Rev. - Iheobuld Mathew has' jjjm
sustained another, shock of naralvsis. and -
'he Stale of Jiis lu'iiltli is now sneh as tol
.-i,i7 ,. i,n ii. ...... ia .,.,. nnuii - ' , j ,
cause his imnicdiate pei-snnal frieivds thejlaf
ileepest anxiety. The Rev ami helotfed , fyi
AlHwtlo of Te'iniierimce boar in retire-
1 ' j I
-ffliethuis, with the for.itu.lo and resig,
- ---- ,
lim world v
. i r"-"v.i..r, o. , '!,
ii raised the standard Utrfimrai regen-i
cratjjoii and doinesticJiapinest first jn
Ireland, the Jand of his birtli and affec -
uohb; secttntiiy, iu ciigiHimanu nciHiaiia ;
and liDished lus lnrions career ot Ainer-
the mission of total abstinence, by incett -
sifi-iriK wi .. u" "tT'ifl
sant exhortation and example, converted hie in a repreieiitative government as a
tens of thousands, slaves of that brutal1 moral force. With its twenty -tire mill
vice which ruins soul and body, to a lite ; ions of papers, issued annually, it pet'ie-
if kUitiriut V- illlilllitl'V. jl rill llllllhllllllllf. : lrRlti uvitv lioll.k.1 mill rualn.u ul-io-i. ruu.
a . I ' I ; I i l r ..-.i l
en friar, the victim of sacrifices in their
In every scene of his mission, for a se:
ries of years, numberless caso of heart-,
rending misery were exposed to his be -
iievolt-nt and ever-generous sympathy,
AI-thse-i;Te the terribla-auiiaequewm
of reckless intoxication, and he never fail -
ed to adininister privately relief to the
noceiit victims mostly women and ctul-j
dren whom-he had re-cued from the
.iiiu wiuie numireusoi iiniusanunyei joy- uit. ii uie preacher, with, ins Hundreds ;g"ou neaitii makes eignieen respirations
fully lJetli!nBjue..itlaim.wlM. bael-wf heMrem, ' lias a commanding influence in a minute, and in tvreiity-four hours
fiiiiltitudes, far and near, by a solemn 'for good iiniii his congregation, mould- consumed fifty-one uogskeau of air.- As
vow, front the temptation of spiritous Ii- ing their morals and eultghteiiing their tlie oxygeu which siipfortt life U so small,
q'tirdiy the great benefiicru of the nine- understanding!!, how uitit-U gretr mnttt weougWt to lx--ar7 .iiumuu- 1mw we
tt-entli century, who welcomed every bro- he the influence ana responsibility of the permit other gases to mix with it and vl
tlier and sister of the huuian family to his , press, which talks daily to its fifty -or an tiate it. Tlie blood when it enters tlie
anus, without distinction of country or j hundred thousand readers! It is a good lungs is black, but when theoxygeu ia on
religion, for all were equal v dear to his ; sign to see the preacher recognising th'' it, it becomes red, and sends it through
noble heart Theobald Mat hew is now (importance of the secular prrss, andtak-j the veins" to impart life and animation,
bankrupt in health and bankrupt in ing liberal views of iu usefulness, and This bluck blood is produced by carbon,
puriicl! A peusioti of Jt3(lil a year, graut-1 the purposes which it subserves in pro- and UnpurU the blackness which we see
ed by his sovereign as the reward of ser-! moling the great work of civilization and t iu the lace of persons who lose their lives
vices the niotst eminent, that, under (ipd, of human rights and happiness. Thefol- bv suffocation, because the air w as not
one man might confer u -cn his fellow- lovf ing remarks from the sermon are ap-! all wed to reach the lungs to purify it
subjects, was alienated to Mistuin ait in- propnute and jut : When we send out the air from the lungs,
suram-e Um the life of Father Ma-) The newspaper, quite as much as our ' we do notsend it in thesame manneras we
thcw,uii oiiler to secure a debt virtually 1 public schools, is iu America the great ' inhaled it, for when exhaled it is as deadly
mt his, a debt incurred (or the promotion creator of a nation of thinkers and de- ! poison as arsenic or corrosive sublimate,
of Temjierance an obligation for which ' haters. The American editor aims not iT'm lecturer showed this by experiment!,
certain creditors hold him liable, though ,at the choice diction of an essayist, andiH,d filled a vase, with his own breath, in
iit equity and justice, we contend, the ' pays little attention to mere abstractions ; which a lighted candle would not live.
jreople of Kiiglaud, Ireland, and Atiicri- and vain theories. lie writes a if he j 'l was 8,,c'' airas killed persons who wen',
ca. are the debtors, and not a iMKirstrick-' would iriv! the irr.Mfiit innintitv of .'lown into wells in the country, or who
aliyss of despair. Wherever a tamper-, , public, speaker might find a model of well as gas, and this pipe is calculated
ance-branch was founded upon his mis- J style in the productions of the American at twenty-eight miles long. The parti
si. m, there also he freely contributed to j editor. The pulpit must first labor to ef- clos f matter which are lent out, and
itii finilu utnl tlio miuluU ufwl nu-ild : 'I .1 1 . r wliil-ll llo llol ltikikUK'i en nntnornitd
w .M...-.0, .......I..9 - -
u-l.il. in tin. .aim-rriiin A.i in von-
larite sum were fre'iuenrlv disiens'd
entttt to tifwrrnteteliers.' who mi tlie dav
TTrnTTTIi .JKTi.iTToXTV.. ...77;;. . ..J, .- , I
i-i iiimi viviiii.111 iyni ikh j'1"
diuvfimi nr thn other, aftrr havimr di-
.-Jj..-m1 i.ixt.ii,iu-jJu...i.Uu.u.jJ.'jj i u Zu-i. -t ,Ui4?.i4' tJ4 rw-Mir4i4Uft
oi i-uti'ceo iioure. hi uciiwihj, "h - nan y i iress, auu e veil iiieir reports oi re- t u ..j ui
unavoidable, will actotint for thaemhar- ligiom meetingn while it is not nnfre-: :'""we.l to take down the old que, s val
niMiiiieuts. wljich imperceptibly involved-mient for them to turn around and charge ; "a,.'lu .''.as ',1-'e,, found for aiauure.
the Apostle olTeiiiporance. ilis coiisti-1 the reporters with irreliL'ion. The reli- 's"""'.'!'-' '
....I........ fi ...f..........i...t....'i
tuiiuti. . .jrrievtiusly- Uu.ter- Uy 4li4iti tires is too-ofttn -narrow rnitrdrd
irrievoiialy- laU-terd- Uy 4liei,tifr press is to-oftert -narrow rnitrdrd
lido of his lalxtr ia America, every i it des not seein to understand its'trne
i Inch lie
a traversed, incltldiuir i
lite t HiiaOian Kssesioiis, ami snnereil
,,., frllll a qnuial climate The worse' than that of political editors on the
faulty adyisllieli-. gentleiiian to vi. teve f election. '
nit Madeira, or the simth of France; eaTly ( - -
the eiisuitiL' smnmiT, as th-MitlYlttteVi rr... J-rr.. er.....M,t r .t:- -r.-n:..T-
oi ici'jtoiiiL; ioi in
pairuiir Ins neaitl). And wiiv not
avail of it forthwith f every frieJid ami
admirer of tlie good apostle will exclaim,
Alii-! -the- olijection U manife-t in his
poverty'; and though absolutely nece---n-rv
to proloiiv life, this moderate indul-.
,.,.n,.e rK , Mt available tor bun : ui-li
WOMEN OF IRELAND.
A 1 n'n' ttri,er wh" 1,M ,K'V" I,B.v,n
vi.-ut to Ireland, and has Ucoiue en
! chanted with the charms of the lasses of
old Erin, thus Sieaks of the comparative
graces of Irish women :
ldai.lreautif.il, than .EngliaU ,a.ay -lJv Uritt..ttt.,Uia-New YorkUa
111 tne artistic sense, irisii i.eauiy is ini- j
meiiselv more attractive. We arij not fre-
1-tjiHmlJv tiwirseW f4te-rmltttre-rw
I .1 i -l ! I I 11.-... 1 I
lion 01 mc laces in, ireiaint, our we iiiiu ;
I ourselves long after saying: "What a
J prelty prl . what a charming woman .
I In abort, they strike us less, and please
' ii far more. We would not choose them
so soon as models for the engravings of
an annual ; but we would prefer bt talk
to them b live in their society. We
would be more apt to love than to admire
Ami now comes the verv highest com-
' Irish women recall the French, espe-1
cml; ,h,e t,rKH,,c f Mr'
toilette, by the ease and flexibility ottlui,
ua uy 01 i .eir manner. .au.
luring the first . ays of our stay Dub -
. 1 :
lo.r ilHuiiorli one of the e-alleries of the
ing lliwugil on . oi tnt (.aiunis oi tin ;
,1 . 1.1-i.iiia. ia " i. m.' 11 1 r, i.
v- i :i :.: .
we have been tempted to We-j
j,t. ;mi jtv Husion, -arHt-4itve--frl4 "H
.iri((t,i UI1I) tiSBppointetl to hear flow ing j
tu,jr an.t IIS ,((. gntterul English j
.,,. instead of the soft iaruon of the !
l',ii i-i.in To finish this resemblance iu
uYe it. We will not push our i
,;-uiiiit nf lrAilaiitrv so tar a io say wm t
, .. ... .
tliidr w a
mvi - r seen
imim of middle heiirht walk be-idea horsi
' J'owerf'ul MHiui.-A lecturer wasili-
lafiitg np"n tho power ot a magnet, de-
lintr any one to snow anvumig i"
i. ass its power, when a man mounted the
fttnml uiul in n nmi nun wv'n ..v ,
. . . . a ll.. 1
- . . , , ... ...
pagnets.fi, tiignets, "for, said he .
are tt-male ittionaiitM oi which : iH...a., a;r presses in all directions': td some Hioiulis since.and llfey have suf. ! his extrication is morally impossibje. f i,. l,i ILa ,i; 'tvvlenc am.iHt. Hajdoerso.-aie
Ik is their sticnia. - He wno lias j .-,,, ..,,., ..,,,,.,1 f.. l.,i,... tl,..ri. i c..V,.,l tAvi.i-..K- ' !TI. t!.an l.iiitT U u j.in.triint i Tli .j . . . . i- . t,.-, ,ii,.i,... ;n,n.n...oi :
. Ill I lie streets ot l,ollllon, a O- , 1:1,.; This is most iiinmr- I 1'h.ji- u-ill ,mr lm pulled nnnn Ul on- I int.. r.. si of flin ib.ht nlonn i (.tilted to lm . i,..i . : .. t:.. t T.. .1." .,..,-c..,,o .r.,i. I.,',,., ini.iilin,, li.
'V which cliiefly
V '.''".:'"' . . ... .li -
wneii l was a young uum,
llftrte - - ille to have a.ehayjrilh her. 1
1 A Clergyman's Opinios or tub Nkw- '
tapkk l-Ktwi. i hj ucv. Mr. Jiucon, ut a
j sermon on Sunday evening, at tlie Cliurclt !
M m wvnomii. i iiiiwit;iiniu
; the newspaper as second only to the Di-1
I i .i i '..ii..
! thought in the briefest space. lie excels
! in iiarHL'ranhs. which are like the shai ii
J .hooting of riflemen ; his heavy artillery
lie reserves for occasional editorials, but
1 h seldom piles the cannon where a bul-
j let will do the work. But, as a charac
: .eristic ,4C our nuoiiU- hH k ever remlv i
! to lay aside his editorial matter to make -
hi-jruii for I'ewa. lie kutim unm, and uut
deeds. His language possesses a clear
: and concise utterance. Kverv writer ami
j icv-i nil iiiioroveineiii in me ciiuriirier oi
i .i... .,.i: ..: tv...
1 iwikts wen Lr l.el.iiwl tlio s.-i.l.ir i,r.-,s
in tin.itl. of i-i..u- .i.ri .oo.i.f..l.uiiiutl,
jllUM BOO IIOerUHlV OI aCIIO, HI'MI, IIC.
...:.,t,r i.,..,. .A"L.i." ... .i;.',;.. Wo.ir
i i ii j ianc iii'l 'i on-11 lit.:- ii. in iii1
ri.. I .1 . e . .
nolicv nml ilhtins : nml violeni e mill ani-
mositv that pervade its Colin
mums are even
tlie t.,allioic iiewsia'r in M. liais
which created so-much had feeling iu the
coinuiuiiity bv its rank intolerance, is
di ad. According to its enlightened ami
liberal preavliiugs, reliirious lilierty was
the prolific source of evil, and the Bible
.was little better. The publisher, in hi
Valc'liiitorv,' s:ivV,"1iis" l'apef 'iTitlii't pin'. !
He y:ts ioMiig inucv, titTt yhetiee 'wfas.;
compelled 'to mik'U(1 lfs publication. In - gwer to the charge of violating the neu-
tltN e011iurv .it was scarcely to be i Npect- nulity laws of ihe.ir country,
ed that such opinions would pay. and it j j, will )e recollected that one of Walk""
"S. therefore, not surprising . that the i4,r. lliisu wm by m ordc,r whiUt in
" Shepherd 1 got 1.0 support, even from ; Ii(,wc,J. California, and the ex-President
those pr.,fe.M.ig its own religious faith, j ,vj probably be indicted for murder, as
' -. :- j well as for fitting out a piratical expedi-
THE ATMOSPHERE ANI) ITS EF-j'.'""- The Alta Califonian comments as
FECTS UPON ANIMAL LIFE
A verv interesting lecture was .deliv-1
Mechanics Institute, on the " Influence
(lt-ir j connectioji with Animal Life."
. . .... . . t .. .
1 .... ,ev iveil at 1 he M.ttom of an 1111-
inense ocean of air fifty miles deep ; yet :
it was s, and the color of this ocean, 1
which is called the atmosphere, is a deep
cerulean blue. To perceive this, it was '
necessary to be able to see at once the
whole volume, and also on a calm anil
clear i.ay, for no color could be perceived
,f 8oen j BII1,. quantities, or when there
was either wind or haziness. In like man
Miiseiiiiei Hiiiooi iinine9(.. 111 oive iiuiii-
ner, the color of water cannot be seen in !
!' f condensation and expansion. Its i
'Miu wai ..j in thewin.ls, by which
i u. .1 1 a.-n 11 o n ciii.i.iittu . :
llml asl, iM ind mills. The tornado -asluly about it U indu.auv:tlur1.lJut.-ai
ur, fwrucli lfeelini: of sorrow for the sufferers, ahdT
'-"'-" i , .
. .s aIM(,,t e,inal to the Power of
..,.. ... ..m . .... . i.. ul , ji.m...
u, ',.., n,ul:
' j u
' , ,
as hlteen poumls to tlie stiuane :
and this weight presses on every ;
wav, both upward and downward.
;r.' , .' , i .1 i
io explain the pressure upwards the ;
lecturer exhausted the air out of a largo
vase; which then remained fast to- the -Or if this be not Ttttliicient, the remem
plate mi which it stood, , but on the airi brance of the seventeen who have been
I being let in it was. easily removed.
; I remember, said he, being asked the
liiuestioii, it there is a pressure of litleeu !
iMiuuils to thesouare inch, the reason whv
were not. at once crushed by the
taut element, anil one that requires to be
known, and also that the air never press-;
f . , ! Clirill um Him n,an I m r-u- v.vi-iun,.,,, - rtei mm ri.17 oni . y . m ii; . vtmii fc . 14 i- '.,v . . uia.iio one .-1 a 111111411:11 iiiinnma , , Bn tru,r.p An,l .Jui 1..11 l .-. Aft Slie Jell. 1411 i-IJIllJir .M,.I.11,.M UHJa 11 0 ITOi urullt.. .avuu BU1U1 : ,
i.. . i i.:; . ... I I. ;,,,! i. ...! i. '.,., Tl'w. 1. .i. ;..;..,.. .. I,...,.l,.l ...,'IK.,.,J tho . , ,, . . , ,, .', ... . ;.i. ...r- i. i . . i t. i t...it
, . i ..... w. - r - ' i ' - ...... ... . - itiiie lovoiis Msier 11 as iieiiniiir aioni-tne .-v.a-.-Ms in. ,ii.-,iiiii ... ..... ..
es more than fifteen pounds to the square jarafion to theln so tar as they are able. j be quite unable to meet ; so that it is al
inch. " But the evil they have done," the misery i togetlier"a heljiless, hopeless case. It is
The next quality of the air is elasticity, j they have caused to the defenceless peo-lsaid that if die whole Papal (erriht.ry
I'rcss it to make it occupy a smaller space pie upon whoso soil they have trespassed, ; were bronnht to the hammer to-niorrow.
than it otherwise "would, and then take can ttf-vcr be full v repaired. They m-; the pnceeds would scarcely realize, e
awav the weight, and it comes back and not call back to l)fe aud youth, and hope'' nough to puv a dividend of twenty per
l's its original-space, the lecturer
, ....i.. ..f ii,,,, i. i, .,,,. in., I,, it .lis, j.,
" is tllil, '
s live, and which is fur fiftlr of the at-
bustioti, and nitrojren restrains its effects
and (lulls its operations.
The quantity of
air which a erson consumes depends in
:a measure u one's self, and bv trainintr.
can be made more or les. mrtsilor and
the tliie-niuker take little in comparison
with the laborer, and the public speaker
or singer, or thode who cry commodities
for sale through the streets. A man in
ii t.i t . , . .
died wheu a pan of charcoal was placed
i'" a rKm. The danger of taking impure
matter into the stomach had power to
impurities which the lungs had not.
j Besides the impure air which we exhale,
-''here are 2,800 pores on every square i
mcli ot tlie surface ot the body, and to a
i a"a these miiltipljed make 7.y00r
,"P,J m pores, mere is a sort ot drainage
I,iiK) hody which senJs out -matter
-- , ,
t nit. j ii rliiiiH. whprH iliu luauuta u rr Inw
and a 'great many persons ar iu the habit I
assembliiiir. ia. one room, it Las beeui
ilisr-ori-r.nl tl,t. nflr fiftt tv..te !
- ' ""-v... v. .nv...,
vearrS these particles adhere o the ' ceil-
in i'I-iii ntu ill. a imiv n.ii in.. t .i.ait n mi
FINALE OF THE WALKER EXPE
The Alta California! of the lQth nit.,
brings us mil particulars of the dectiiie
and tall "of W illi'aui Walker, President
of tiie'liepubiic-of Sottura.1 Altera fore
T , , . ", FT" yKil,
deal of bnskhgl.t.i.g iwiti the Mexican tor-
ces that oltn.cte.l us rorcs, t.beblli-
buster diet, at the head of abou ninety.
men, at length succeeded I , reaching the
I mied States frontier. They were inet
. , . , j , , ,
.. ;.. .. .1 1 fi'.;i.ii ......
to Imm thev surreiideied and by "wliom
vi 11 II dt V. ltiV llllli 111 VI lllVU 1- tivoirq
y .... I .. .... . - ... - I"--
tfiey yuj:e"fakeu ta Sail Francisco to. AU-J
. iniiun. on iiiv utie. 01 iou new ivepiionc.
I "Tlie bubble has burst. Tie 'Repub-
lie of Sonora,' with its President, Sere-
lamations, its hopes and its promises, lias, ;
so far at least as Col. Win. Walker and i
. ' . . . . ....
the " thitiLH that were. ' that is. it it ever
had existence, save in the imagination of
the lombastic Filibusters. After months
.of hardship, toil, privation and suffering,
the tenant of the Republic's arm v has re-
turned to the place of its establishment,
with its banners trailing in the dust, with
no wreath of laurel twined around- its
brows, received with no welcoming songs
such as proclaim the return of the defend
oiivii na i'ii.v.uiiii 1 i.v 1 viui 11 01 mc uvicuii- j
ers of their country's rights or honor, but
'e can scarcely exult at the tenni-
,'! ,,f this worse than foolish enter-
I '"' " --
am have suffered a so. The deserted
j. i - ...t. ,. .. ,. , i... - ...
. ..i .,..i.u.J I ..... r'
clients of lower Calitonua, their land de-
spoiled of their stoeks,aiul the fields of
their produce, peak ii0ouder tones of con
----- i i - , I
demnatton riian Tre uld ntter to those :
who have caused such a state of things
killed anil have lied in tlie prosecution
of this jll-starfvu enterprise, must at least
sometimes semi a bitter liani; throiiirh the
hearts of the survivors. Vedo not feel
like exulting over jhe misfortunes of Wal-;
iswer to the laws which they have olitrag- j
ed, and probably be obliged to make rep-!
and viror, tiivir' companions, wno nave
, ' mv .r,:,,'. : t!lu ' or are
i ,. t, in oi,r,i.'i,kiis u-'irmn .inn u in is..
hinried beiieath ...sands of a foreigtv
l beneam the saiulS ol a ioreigtv
'v. We woubl net-wish to say one
; , , .-.
bnt we hope that the whole tale of the
folly, crime and misery, will have an en-
larked ajid enectual tendency to stay the
reckless spirit of fiUibusterism in the fu
ll.." - i
THE IRISH MASSACRE OF 1641.
From the defeat of the Gimpowdor
I'M in 1605, until the 23d of October
1641, the Papists and the Protestants liv
ed on the most intimate terms in Ireland.
Both went publicly to their respective
places of worship uaM that fatal itwrarnjr
when one of the most heart-rendiux mas-
nacres ever recorded on the pages of his
tory toon juace. uowley JLanceUas, the
historian, informs us, that upon the re
pulse of O'Neil from the Camle of Ang
her, he ordered " all the British Pretent-
ants in three mljitcent parih to be put
to the svwrd." Upon his defeat at Lis
burn, Lord Caulfield, O'Neil's former host
aim htty other prisoners were murdered.
Others on pretence of forwarding them to
the nearest JJrritish settlement, were goad
ed forward like beasts of burden by their
guards; some were enclosed in a house
or in a castle, to which lire was set, with
a savage indifference to their cries, and
a henuish-like triumph over their expir
ing agonies : borne were
Some were drowned in the !
first river they arrived at. One hundred
'and ninety were at once thrown headlong
from the bridge of Portadoum. Irish
priests encouraged this deed by their
presence. The very women, it is said,
einbrued their hands in the blood of the
slain ; even the children were seen plav-
ing unconsciously with their feeble hands
m gore; We will merely-refer, iu pasa
ing, to a few of those tragic scenes. It
is scarcely necessary to refer to the cruel
treatment of the aged and venerable Star
key a man of about 100 vears of aire
whom thpl' priloll v flint tinl-tiuroiial v uulr. 1
dered ; or to the murder of five hundred i
-- ---".v " " - j
eorlit iniiiilipii at K i 1 1 vniQii nr tln th r I
frotestants at Arnwh' or lie fortv-1
hundred Protestants in a!state of nudity,
Jliuf I e red n a church at Iyjtiifh-Oall ; or
thn tift.wil Immlml Protutanla nnnUnml
..... o v.....,. - . ... ., II..
in three parishes of tire count v of Arniairh:!!,,",er. wa "emle, linmbie , crotictiing
uer nusuaau..wpiuu um ov
a thatched house and burned alive; or!8tow ul'" "t,r. ,n "ls intervals ot sotier
tho one hundred and eighty Protestants i ness and they were rare the most tri
drowned at the bri.bn; of (Jallon ; or the ' token ,,f kindense. 1 My blood boils
OTIfl fllllillreil 111 n liiL-o nnar HunVtiinii.iir-
roughs or tlie 5 Pi'olertaiits -murdered
at lilaekwater church ; or tjie 400 mur
dered and the 206 drowned in the Ben-'
burn. So dreadful were tlioae scenes,
that 110 fewer thint 200,000 Protestants
were murdered from the.23il of ()ctober
1641T natil fhe month of March 1643,
VoIiiiiics tuilit be wrftteTr on these tra-
..'li .mimw All lim Tk.'. .ni.'.:.....
p'v .vi.ct. J.11 111c A 1'fll-lt.lll llll I1IBKJ1 o.
' mnrtlt'ted. Oood old Bishop Be-
delI W:W 6tarVed to de,ltb. And when
tllc -u ilh,rreJ )lim 1(;ir iesU
ln .tj Ult;mm AnghruM .regui.
Cl,t in pace-1 tMmt of the glih
r,,,,. , r ', 1
On the 10th of June. 1642.. the wd
hl A postolie- C-h-rrrch" of" Scmland sent'
over to "Ireland five miuwters and four
elders, who, in tlio city of CarrickTergns,
Heorgattied - the- Cb h reh- thirt-4i ad Ircen
dissolved and driping in the blood of her
slain. But "peace was restored in 1641
by the brave Oliver Cromwell.' He sub
dued the O'Neil rebels, confiscated their
territories, and banished five hundred
Papists from that country.
Xo wonder Irish Protestants hate Po-
pery. l'opery took away the liberty of j
their Church and nation iu the year 1172.
an eternal war net ween lnsu rrotestants
and Papists, that will not cease until ev-
EfT ftrtii tig Pflpi'st fOoTCO fl'oW ttie
I . T-..-. T 17 "
snores 01 r-nn. 1 rue rrteman,
A PICTURE OF ROMANISM.
. Professor Schaff, of Murcersburg, Penn
sylvania, has been visiting different seats
of learning in Europe since the com
mencement of this year, and it) a letter
A TV...: ' 10.!. t.- .1 -, o e 1 1.
I uaieu 1 aris, ioiu reoruary, siieai.-
. , . , 1 .
lng f " numerical strength of the Ro-1
liio . result vi uie uitesi census is more
unfavourable ti? the Roman Church than ,
had Iteen expectrxl. According to the j
censusthe Roinan ChurU ;areA tmu
bers one-half the number in Enalaud usu,
in. 1 a one-null luduuiuuvi ii.aiiiiiiuu..u4u.
1,1 1 1 . 1 t -i
ally accorded her, whilst she furnish
y "j-v. ....... ... ...,0..-i ,
i .,,..., . .i;.t...r..,
ij j . i , . :
"1"' -""'""" "' . 1
nTTTT :Xnr.ri1 ii t "tTi ft Kt'iVirT nr T :lPllJi-
ment, published in the Vatholi-c '1 "ablet, out in terror, that f had purchase 1 the again, the market for either of these ar
Dublin, February 25, 1852, out of a pop-j toys with money a neighbor had giveu tides must be quite limited. Spiritous
uiation oi zi.ivvi.wu, m jLiurianu. .auuiiiw; i iuuuiuj; niwu.
St,jtlamj whereof the Roman Church I might as well have explained to the 1
lims l.tHMMHH), she supplies the prisons
til 2I'.. candidates. Ihree human to
of all other churches.
Finances of ths Pop. From the large
sum of forty millions of dollars, the debt
has now swelled, it is said, to the enor-
about twenty millions of dollars a year,
a sum which his ordinary revenue would
cent, ot the debt. i
Tlie celcbratttl -Virgil A. Stuart, the
-,1 u:B ...ri.f, f tbn lunil ttirato wee. noux.oi ujit , uuiiii'inu ne.,i. ,
IfV? trtl ZT Im hit'ortd'k ticking away to the sai-e e
tune, and cou.
"" - : 1 ' : . . " ' ' . . ' , ' .
, From lb Buetoa Trmller.
r BT ANHIX t. KERCUKB.
J Sftiile Vears since it listened to a lectnre
upon the evils of Intemperance, auiiiVoiaj
ii gaiuercu me suusotnee oi trie iollowiug
Ben Latotir w as a low-browed, big-fist
ed, miserable, drinking wretch, and he
was my father. j. ' i
I reuiember inyiV"ts a light, fair-hair-
ea, bnie eyeu,treuiuiinguuie ooy, watca
in tr In in fr.iiii niifntsi hirlirti tdum.. 1,
"V ,v" V " 'P. ,
.;..., . . i.... 1 ..n.j
nred myself with an old yard stick IJsept
hid away tor the purpose; and every week
wept, vearned, prayed for manhood.
What-for! Why, to "be able to thrash
my father. I hated him, I gazed at his
brawny fists of iron his burly muscular
form at my mother's wasted features
and down upon my own little limbs, and
.1 : i f i . .i - i
despaired ot becoming a match for him
D,eIor 8 ie u,.c'?- J Pure 80P- tF"'
-...6 I.,:, . i taneu tue Thibet dress, like one I hadeen Dp
mother, on a child in the neighborhood ; and if it
Heavens I what a tiny fellow I was of aud the bllle beads would not set off her
my age, and it seemed as though Inhonld pure complexion
never get any bigger. Every week Imeas-1 Sbequentlv there camearloud knock
tie; anu,oiii now attectionate. 1 ltave,shuddered, but did not shriek. There
seen her lay her thin cheek against hisi was something in my mother's face that
fV.l(ln 1ll.-ltlt.kil luHA ...... I... an nm I i I 1
""o"i " ov w w Kiai.-nii, ii
I. l.i I... : . ! .1 jr ' t-
he would let it remain there for a few
I have seen her place her worn hands
upon his swarthy forehead, and drop tears
upon his coarse matted hair. Tears that
he was unworthy of, as the devil is of
" I have' Been liiinreefve the most touch
ing marks of love and affection from her,
without the slightest recognition or ac
knowledgment of them. I wish I could
learn women something. I wish it were
l"rao,l"c mane mciii uuuhmhhu iiibi
:i, , . .,rt,,n
mere are men upon wnom ioe, syiupa-
;U,J l,w,ence, gentleness, ioroearauce, is
i ucrly thrown away lost
I WaS VOimg, bllt 1 COUld See tllil
wutll X llllUh. OT 11.
. .. A horse-whipping administered . once,
twice or thrice a week, would havomade
him a better man. But caresses, fond
ness, affection bah . it makes me sick to
dweTI upon the subject.
As soon as 1 was old enough to be seen
Mtver a counter, t was apprenticed .loL
groeer-m ttte vitfager He -was- a-.mean,
dirty, rtimeljlng grocef, and was glad to
give .my father mm for my services.
When I eould earn an extra fonrpence
to take home to in v poor mother, 1 was
happier than a king. Oh ! the lon,g nights
that 1 spent puzzling my young brams as
to the wavs and means of earning a little
money, Roy as I was, I a nderstood thai. iu p t heha IHrozgn, JjsingaLJifc. my Jicart, -
my grnt-fwoTiT mother w'o.ildio1fe nTj(mlT3iirjd aiottd" iu ftlrrJiejgony of a -
a state of actual want- She was on the
eve of her second confinement, and oh !
B'hat a prospect fiu herT filr-.all of ns, in-,
deed i Well, we got through with it, and
there was one: more child a dear little
girl, ushered into this sorrowful world.
How I loved that baby !
Z0i wi,llin aml without the winter she
w a "orn ' 81,6 was a "arutv ""Wfni,
Hnd flmirishcd like a flour in the wilder-
"' . "'"
uivieuummru nun Iter uiaoilll iicis
atwl constant cares. My father grew more
and more morose as our difficulty increas
ed, and only this little sister could at all
er-my gloomy lifer - W4ietr
I returned from my labor there she
would be in her rough cradle, laughing,
cooing and clapping hands in paroxysms
of delight at nothing a perfect beam of
sunshine amid darkness and desolation.
I worked like a do? to obtain a rattle
and a string of beads for her to play with.
At last I got them, and a proud boy was
I when I presented them before her as-
tonished baby eyes, and saw her reach
i .1 1 i-.i j 4. . . .. rt,
fort), her little .dn.p.y faata, and mites of
ci, . : .1 ?.n : l t
wllen II1V f!tther came home drunk ! oh.
you niiisn't nndee me, nor tell me to say I
. Uejtmenemg into.tne bqnse,; ins
. . .. - o .... . . .
'rolling blood-shot eves shooting forth the
. of u1 , , a.
girl HaOV, at tUC rattle, at the beads and
'V . i
winds. He struck at 'me fiercely mad-
Iv : and mv pHir uiotlier, wno wiu ih-cii-.
pied with the ironing in one corner of the
room came forward, iron in hand, to save.
me if possible. Would to Ood she had
,m,.;,11Mi ... I..;. ,h,it. for the verv devil of
.. ,vtai,isM.d hint lle thrust her rude! v '
backward, with the wjMle trce of hi Vi-:
tiM'Oiid cirar n-t.a Clui
oru.v nmj shadowy passage that leajils t
,jie uufcnown world. "
- ' cn.vr. it.
When I woke to consciousness, I was
lying oil the trundle bed in the farthest
corner of our only ntom. -
There was a mountainous weight upon
my breast, aud a dim darkness that-was
not riidit.' rested iitiim all obiects around
me 1 could not tell it 1 bad Iteen aslee
.. . r ,.r ...
a week, ail hour, or day Timt Ieonld 1iear
out Uiere was a white bandle on the table,
and that my father and mother were M'trC
ting by the fireside. I taw that hi large,
brtwn, brutal looking hand rested upon
theJjtck of her chain atxi- that a more
deadly' p'aleness had gathered to her face,
and a sharper agony to her large and
shining eyes. I was very quiet as I lay i
there iu my bed, and my glance returned
again and again to the white bundle, I
began to speculate about it
I thought some neighbor had left it
for me to take to ita destination, and
wandered if it were heavy, -and if I
till el t fti-kaV Saa n vtu.n nA .narAB( .af fnn ia
0 . . . . .
pence, u it were. And How many Tour-
' lunr.n nil,i ui. , u, ,
r "V r"-- -
at the door, and I didn't know why
every droit of blood in my body leaped
and bo 11 tuled and rushed through me like
a torrent. I saw my mother's arms stiff
en as with a spasm, as my father arose
to open the door. I comprehended all
now. I remembered the awful scene of
yesterday, and knew that the white bun-
I . ilm qLU aa k.Kto..
and that her cofhu was at the door. I
i . .
My father took the small coffin in and
laid it on a chair and again seated him
self by the lire side, gazing furtively up
on his wife, as bIic sat there with a look
in her eyes he had never seen befora.
After a while she got np, opened one of
a chest of drawers and took out a long
white veil. I bad seen it a thousand
times.' it was her mother's bridal-veil
an old fashioned blond. It looked quite
yellow and very soft, as she shook out the
folds I saw that her thin hands trembled
violently, and that she closed her eyes
heavily; so heavily that I feared she
would never open th'em again. 1
At last she raised their lids, oh f how
dry and tearless they looked as she pass- "
ed to her hiW'eotfif., opened tty and raid
within the bridal-veil ot her mothers !
Softly she Smoothed' and patted it down,
against the rough sides ot the little pind '
coffin, shedding no tears, but trembling
all over .iike.au autumn leaf, beaten, ana
torn by a bitter and bleak wind.
She passed to the body of the murder- -,
ed babe, anil drew the carering from ita
gentle face. There was a cruel mark up
on the snowy forehead1iind. mx.mpther
covered it witlv her fumd as ehe lifted
the child to her tooin. and carried it lovr,
ingl v to its little bed. The small and d.nvT"
pled hands were .folded meekly upon the
unconscious and senseless breast of my
darling sister. Aud as my poor mother
lilted a corner df the rich veil and tried
to hide the dark wound on the baby's
forehead, something in the action broke
broken and childish spirit.
-I gathered the mde quilt of my little
Jwi wy- hands, and held if temy month
to 8tiffo(.Uet,aries I felt even then in my
extremity pfjaiiguish to be cutting and
stabbing ar'my mother's lacerated breast,
like the repeated blows of a sharp, relent
less knife. I realized erfectly that her
heart was broken, and that my longings
and aspirations after manhood for her
sake, had been would be all in vain.
She was passing away. The last star
that shone upon my blank and solitary
life, was going out, and I should be left in
utter terrible darkness.
Well thedav for the funeral came, and
we followed the baby-corps to its resting
place in the old church-yard, and left her
there for a brief space alone.
Why should I linger over my mother's
rapid descent to the side of her child I
She died and br the side of her humble,
stoneless erave, f kneUand beseeched, AI
mijrhtv Cad to snare niv miserable life
and feeble frame. What for 1 Why to dp-
. . t. r -
vote it to tlie Tempera Cause! Jlj
1 solemnly swore shoiitd be spent in effort
lt 11 -r, f 11' i:&
ig its aceurscnlness throughout the land.
J. have kept mv vow.
- - ; ; - n ' . "
Ty. - , t- --. ... i,
; Law passed by Connecticut, permits cider
an,j wiao u 1c lUiXmllT (n,m fruits
....... ... . . t
r.u.-eu; oy uie uiauuiacuirei , uin. nc mu-
..t ..11 ..;! ,.r ;,. I,,., n,.ntltv tlmn tiv
" ,V..--T. if. 1 -TiVir-
t ; ,
regards the manufacture and sale, (ex-
cept.oy town agents,) and ale, ana larger
". i'rcuny . nem io uc unui'ii.
nquors by tlie act. In nhtle Island tne
law : authorizes Uie arrest, connnement,
aud fine .of any person found drunk in.
an v of the towns of the State; but, if
sut - h intoxicated ikts n shall disclose the
name id' thi pers.in who furnished Uie U-
qnors, giving or selling, are uaoie m
The last few days has brought with
... .i. .
theiu a:.-r-4i'H of the hi
tte.-t weather we
have had tor many' vears. The thermom
eter yesterday ranged 'in tlie neighbor
hood of one hundred nearly all day.
We observe that in Xetf York and
IJostoil tle weather is also extremely op-
pressive -several Iiav'it.dieil in the north-
ertr ctttes in consesinence of the heat.
- -j '