Whole Ao. 013.
TaHoroiigh, (Edgecoinhe County-) X. C.) Saturday, July S3, 183G
Vol. XII AO, 229.
flC Titrborough Press,'9
jjV (JEORGB HOWARD,
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The two Houses adjourned on
the -till inst.
In tlie Senate, the Expunging
resolution was laid over, by con
tent of Mr. Benton mi til next ses- j ofteuer during the present session
sion. than in any ten preceding ses-
The bill to fix the commence-! sious, to counteract this design of
went of Congress in November, j the factious persons employed in
ms indefinitely postponed. the business of . defeating legisla-
'flie resolution recommended (ion, but it did not avail to pre
fci the committee- on Foreign, re- vent the loss of many very impor-
hiions, that the independence of :
muld be acknowledged, j
;er the President received!
as 'b!e to maintain it,
taken up on motion of Mr. Pres
ton. After an eloquent appeal
in behalf of recognition, he said
be would content himself now with
proposing an amendment, as some
evidence to go forth to the Tex
ians, tlie Senate only waited a
tilting opportunity consistent with
other obligations, to extend to
then) aid and protection. His
amendment was "that the Senate
sr.v with satisfaction that the Pre
sident adopted measures to ascer
tain the civil, military and politic- !
al condition of the Country."
Mr. P. stated that he received a
letter that morning, of a most
gratifying character one, that if j
oEii illy conveyed to the body, j
'vouM not allow them to hesitate
an instant recognition. It was I
from Col. Austin, whose charac-
ter fur veracity and honor was
known to most of them, and tpsti
fied, ih-it the armistice between the
Mexican and Texian armies was
ratified by .Mexico. The condi
nous were, "Texas was lo be ' overwhelmed in the same w ay.
evacuated, property lo be restor-1 4. The bill for the organization
ed. Prisoners were lo be exchang-jo the Treasury Department.
ed, Ports Henry and Goliad were! This was, like the bills re-organ-already
given up; a treaty was I izing the Post Office Department,
cllecied with Santa Anna, termiu-! the Land Office Department, and
atmgihe war, and with a view of j the Patent Office, admirably cal
P'Utiiig a final end to the struggle. ! dilated to improve the system of
the ice President of Texas had
bn appointed a commissioner to
lre:it uiili Mexico, and he had
sailed for Vera Cruz, taking the
captive head, or Government it
of .Mexico, with him, ihat by
influence the raiificalion
should take place under the Can
of the squadron of Texas."
wi sensation was created by
annunciation. Each Senator
,edin support of. the resolution
l,i'i amendment, and each, mira-
ivingthe President An-
drew .Inb.., ..M " v.. r
mjuii iu 1 1 praise lor mr
eanng to follow the sympathies he
j5 Known to feel for the heroes who
aye so gallautlv fought for their
'"dependence, and acting up to
' le principles of strict neutrality,
,,Jr whid, the national faith was
J.!e(pd. Mr. Calhoun expressed
Jl,s hope that the President would
Pen a negotiation for the incor
poratiou of the country into the
Linon. Mr Soulhar(, deprecat.
? ,,le introduction of such a top
and protested against his vote
"layor 0f the resolution being
nie!SlJlred aS bi,,dinS ,,im to lhal
asure. There was a general
lQSlre 10 prevent discussion and
ensure an unanimous vote.
lo at Prevailed, thirty-nine Sena-
0ls Voing nem. com. for it. The
8n,tion of the independence of
Texas 'is now left to the President
ny common consent, as in safe
hands; and it is a gratifying cir
cumstance with which to irild the
approaching close of his adminis
Mr. Leigh obtained leave, to
introduce a bill to grant to Mrs.
Madison, the same honor that
was conferred on Mrs. Washing-
ion, the privilege ol franking et
ters Sec. fur life. The rules were
suspended, and without a dissen
iicui unc uie uiu was read a
third time and passed in both
I I IM i I . . . , I . 111 1
On Friday before the adiourn
ment Mr. King, of Alabama, was
elected President pro tern.
Lost Bills. We have obtained,
as yet, but a partial list of the im
portant bills lost by the incessant
eliort of the opposition to defeat
them, by talking against time.
The previous question was taken
taut public measures besides at
least an hundred private bills, of
great interest to individuals.
We will name a few of the most
important bills which were stran
gled by the rules which put them
in the power of the minority, at
the close of the session.
1. The Judiciary Bill. This
bill was designed to give the
southwestern Slates, and north
western Slates, beyond Ohio, each
a representative of their interests
on the bench of the Supreme
Court. It passed the Senate, and
the House dispensed with the rule
to carry it through the forms; but
as it required an unanimous con-
sent in the Senate, Mr. Mangum,
of the Senate (the majority of
which had passed it,) objected,
and so this measure of justice, so
long due to the new, rich, and
populous States whose voices have
never been heard in the supreme
tribunal of the Stales and nation,
2. The mint bill, designed to
substitute gold for the small note
circulation, was also choked down
; by the speakers against lime.
3. The custom-honse. bill was
the Department, and facilitate the
execution of the business, both to
officers and applicants. This es
sential reform followed the fate of
the judiciary and mint bills.
5. The bill to reduce the Tariff.
This bill was but a mere begin
ning towards saving the constitu
tion, by saving the money iu the
pockets of the people, instead of
staking it up to be scrambled for
in annual distributions iu Con
gress and the State Legislatures.
Tlie Secretary of the Treasury
recommended a much more con
siderable reduction, and showed
that still more, at least four mil
lions, might be taken off the taxes,
without even infringing the com
promise of Clay and Calhoun.
This first step towards reduction
was foiled by the. rime destroyers
the stavc-ojf party.
But we shall recur to this when
we have more room. Globe.
(t?-The aggregate amount of
appropriations made by acts pass
ed during the late session of Con
gress is about thirty-five millions
of dollars. Of this amount it is
curious to see the vast proportion
made for objects connected with
our Indian relations. For carry
ing into effect treaties or suppress
ing hostilities with the Indian
tribes, (exclusive of the expenses
oi me army proper,) the amount
appropriated is more than thirteen
million and a half of dollars. The
appropriations for the Army a-
mountto lour millions of dollars;
lor tlie Navy, to six millions and a
quarter: for fortifications, to near
ly three millions; for harbors, to
over one million; for Cumberland
road, six hundred thousand dol
lars; besides three millions of dol
lars for the Civil List.
Notwithstanding this enormous
amount of appropriations, there is
no doubt that the surplus in the
.treasury on the 1st of January
next, subject to distribution under
the late act of Congress, will ex
ceed twenty millions of dollars.
Surplus Revenue. A corres
pondent of the Milton Spectator
nake the following calculations
respecting the portion of the
"Spoils" this Stale will receive.
tl 50 millions the portion of N.
C. would be
Gen. Scott. The National In
telligencer states thai Gen. Scott
has been recalled lo the seat of
Government from the South
leaving Gen. Jessup in chief com
mand. The reasons for this step
remain in the breast of the Execu
tive. .Minister to France. Lewis
Cass (now Secretary of War) has
been appointed Minister to
France. The nomination, it is
said, was unanimously confirmed
by the Senate, as soon as an
nounced. INDIAN WAR.
The Crcik fVar ended. The
Milledgeville Ga. Federal Union
of the 7th inst. says: The Creeks
have abandoned the struggle.
Generals Scott and Sanford, with
the Georgia troops and United
States' regulars, and a body of
friendly Indians, have traversed
the Creek country, without en
countering the smallest show of
resistance. The Indians every
where submitted. The notorious
Jim Henry, the only chief who
could lead them, after the capture
of Ncah-E-Manilla, is himself a
prisoner. As the Creeks have no
separate government, no formal
pacification can be made; and our
government should continue to
exert a proper vigilance, to pre
vent further mischief, until their
. i . . nr .
entire removal to me tvesi. a-
bout 1S00 of them commenced
their journey for Arkansas, a few
days ago. The Georgia volun
teers and drafted men were to be
disbanded in the present week.
Jim Ilenru, and his nans? taken!
The Milledgeville Recorder
announces the pleasinc intelli
gence of the capture of the notori
ous Jim Henry and his gang, the
last of the hostile chiefs of any
note in the field. We may now
with perfect safety congratulate
the countrv on the termination of
the Creek War. There remains
only a few straggling hostiles out,
and although they may do some
mischiefbefore they are taken, it
cannot be very serious or exten
sive. Brev't. Col. Julius F. Heile
man, of the second Regiment of
United States Artillery, command
ing the posts on the West of the
St. John's, died at Fort Drane on
the 27th of June.
Of the Garrison at that post,
consisting of two hundred and forr
ty men, near one hundred and
thirty were sick. Out of eight
Officers at the post, five were sick.
At the post at Garey's Ferry,
there were about fifty families
from the interior, all sickly, and
from two to four were dying daily,
from Chills and Measles.
Lieut. D. S. Herring, ojf the U.
S. A. died at St. Augustine on the
22d uit. of a fever contracted in
the late campaign.
Philando R. Inroad. Post Mas
ter at Fort Mitchell, was the ring
leader among the Indians in the
robbery of the mail. He is now
confined in Cambers county, and
will be brought to Mobile to be
tried before the Federal Court.
The evidence is said to be strong
and conclusive against him.
"Land Stealers" cause of the
War Fraud on the Creek In
dians. We are no apologists of
Indian murders and treachery, but
cannot nevertheless, look on calm
ly and see this remnant of a fal-j
len race treated in the infamous
manner they are by unprincipled
renegadoes under the name of land
speculators. The recent contro
versy between the U. S. Indian
agent in Alabama, Col. J. B. Ho
gau, and Gen. Thomas S. Wood
ward, one of the emigrating con
tractors, has led to disclosures
which, however, currently believ
ed before now when indisputably
authenticated by written proofs,
are as appaling as they are dis
graceful to the country.
It would appear that jhese har
pies of speculators prowl about
ihe Indian country like flocks of
cormorant crows and hungry vul
tures, carrying along with them
gangs ofdesperadoes. painted up
so as to personate Indians. These
last, by peijured oaths, lay claim
to Indian lands, which are then
certified and recorded to them
and afterwards sold by these men
for mere song as bonajide sales j
and purchases! The most iniqui-
tous part of the business, is, that
the persons said to be implicated j
in these criminal transactions, arei
the very contractors themselves of
i lie U. S. Government, sent there
at a great expense to trauquilize
the Indians and assist in their
peaceable removal to Arkansas.
A. i . Star.
Troubles brewing in the JVorth.
We have been permitted to per
use a letter dated Fort Crawford,
(Prairie du Chien) June 15, re
ceived by steamboat, which an
nounces fresh troubles among the
savages of the north, and move
ments of troops iu consequence.
Gen. Brooks, the letter states, had
sent an express to Colonel Tay-
or, requesting him to reinforce
ort Winnebago with three com-
panies, wmcn lie nad done, leav
ing only two companies at Fort
Crawford. General B.'s letter
stated, that a large body of Win-
nebagoes had assembled near the
Fort, and that the Oltowas, Men
ominees and Pottawalchmies,
were disposed for a grand ball.
The letter also stales, the small!
pox was raging among tne in
d i a n s . JlJisso uri Bejiubl ica n .
Conspiracy of Santa Anna to
escape. Extract from a letter re
ceived this morning from New
Orleans, which may be fully re
jeio Orleans, June 167. The
Independence, Com. Hawkins, ar
rived a few days since, and brings
intelligence which has not been
made public as yet. It appears
that the cunning Santa Anna had,
or was about deceiving the credu
lous Texian cabinet. He made
a solemn treaty to acknowledge
the Independence of Texas, and
to use all his influence on his ar
rival iu Mexico to recognize it. A
Texican cutter was to convey him
to Vera Cruz instantly.
He told them his object in go
ing to Mexico was to get it recog-
nized, and he could accomplish
more by his presence than by wri
tingi Com. Hawkins of the Inde
pendence was commissioned to
lake him to Vera Cruz; he refused
to comply: then he was put on
board the Invincible, Capt.
Brown. Upon Brown's learning
he threatened to blow up the ves
sel, and upon the soldiers and peo
ple hearing of the resolutions of
the Cabinet, they became so en
raged that the Cabinet were
obliged to tear up the treaty, and
convey him (St. Anna) to Velas
co, and put him in irons. The
indignation of the people was so
great that had ihey not complied
with their request, they would, no
doubt, have massacred St. Anna
and tlie Cabinet; and we sincerely
hope Texas may be annexed to the
United States. The farmers are
all busy on their plantations, en
deavouring to make up lost time.
They will make about one-half a
crop of cotton, but most of them
are planting corn."
Thus is Texas spared from the
curse that threatened her; and we
are thankful that the gallant!
Haw kins, and his noble associate j
Brown, could neither be bribed
nor forced to do the bidding of
those whose wickedness or weak
ness had well nigh ruined the
countrv. N. Y. Star.
New Orleans, June 16, 1836....
In consequence of hostilities hav
ing ceased between the Texian
and Mexican armies, we deem it
filling to state, that at the present
time further emigration to that
country of any other emigrants,
but those intending to settle down
as cultivators of the soil, is unne
cessary. Our motives in making
the statement proceed from a de
sire to guard against the inhabit
ants, and those already emigrated,
being exposed to a want of provi
sions, which is naturally to be ex
pected from the ravages to which !
the productive districts have been
exposed during the late merciless j day evening last. He hud gone
invasion. TEXAS AGENCY. J to the river, with several others
J from this place, for the purpose of
OCDavid E. Burnet, Presi-; fishing, and in venturing too far,
dent of T exas, has issued a Pro-; got himself into a whirl or suck"
clamalion stating that the only hole formed by two rapid currents
agents for Texas, in the United : coming together, became strati
States, are Thomas Toby, and; gled, and lost all power to save
Samuel Toby of New Orleans of i himself. His body was not found
the firm of Thos. Toby and Bro-1 until Sunday morning, when a
ther, and that no other person isijury of inquest was held over him,
from this time authorized to act; and he was decently interred,
for, or bind this government, or to .' He was a cabinet maker, and came
receive any thing for the benefit of j to this place from Wadesborough
Texas, by way of donation or , in December last, and has resided
otherwise, except them, or their j here since that time, and had so
OC An act of the Mexican Con
gress passed since ihe defeat and
capture of Santa Anna, stipulates:!
1st. That the Government :
would not accede to any act or j purporting to be on the branch of
treaty made by Santa Anna, dur-; the United States Bank at Nash
ing his imprisonment in Texas, jville, have recently been made
2d That every State in the ' payable to the order of different
Republic should furnish, forth
with, one-fourth of her forces, to
be equipped and ordered to march
as soon as posible to Metamoras.
3d. That all the flags through
out the Republic should be worn
half-mast, during the imprison
ment of the President.
New Orleans, June 29. We
have received some additional in
formation from Texas by the
schr. Urchin, Captain Bridges,
which arrived yesterday from
By her we are informed that a
letter was received at Velasco,
Texas, on the 22d inst. direct
from the Texian Commissioners at
Matamoras. The substance of
the letter was, that they the Com
missioners, who it is known were
there sent by the Texian Govern
ment to treat for the exchange of
prisoners, had been arrested by
ihe Mexican authorities, and
thrown into prison. Further,
that all overtures, or propositions
made on the part of the Texians
were rejected that a liberation
of the prisoners at Matamoras was
positively refused, and in fine,
that nothing like treating with
them on the basis of independence,
would be listened to by the Mex
icans. The Mexican spirit must
be on the rise since ihe affair of
San Jacinto and we do hope for
the honor at least of their Spanish
ancestry, that they will not run
quite so fast ihe next time.
By this arrival we learn also
that 4000 Mexican troops were at
Matamoras 4000 at the Nueces,
and 6000 at Sallillo all, we pre
sume, burning wiih a desire to
meet once more the Texian rifle
They will doubtless be soon
gratified, for it appears, that or
ders were issued by ihe Cabinet
of Texas to the army, to proceed
forthwith towards the Rio Grande,
and meet their invader, when the
cry of "Alamo," though it may
come from only a handful of gal
lant spirits, will strike terror to
the hearts of pusillanimous thou
sands. When the Urchin sailed, Santa
Anna and suite were siill in con
finement at Columbia, about 40
miles from Velasco, on the Brasos
River. The Cabinet of Texas,
w e hope, has got to be an "unit"
on the subject of detaining their
Suicide. We learn that Mr.
Americus J. Sneed, of Person
county, N. C. committed suicide
on the 15th day of June last, by.
hanging himself. He was found
suspended by a rope in his own
dwelling house. No cause is as
signed for this rash act.
Jllelancholy Casualty. A
young man by the name of Ed
ward Willoughby was drowned
in the Catawba river, near the
j Mountain Island Shoals, on Fri-
demeaned himself as to be respect-,
ed by those who knew him.
Look Out. A large number of
Counterfeit Five Dollar
persons, and are endorsed A. Van
Wyck.- Those which we have
seen are coarsely executed.
So7nething new. The Peoples
Bank at Patterson has issued
notes for $5 50, $0 50, .$7, 8cc.
frT'Mrs. Brock, who resides a
mong the Saluda mountains in
South Carolina weighs over 600
lbs! Quite an arm full.
flLThe fashionable damsels in
Philadelphia wear their dresses so
tight about the shoulders that they
are obliged to unhook ihem to
sneeze so says the Wheeling
ft7A lady of fashion, residing
in Carroll PlaceNew York, has
showed her love of extravagance
and notoriety, by paying for a su
per merino shawl, a few days
since, at a dry goods store, in
Broadway, the enormous and ex
travagant sum of $1500.