Tarbnrongh, Edgecombe Cottnftf, .V. t SfttUtotafo February 3, 1 84 i.
Vbt XX J. 0.
The Tar!roiih Prtvx,
By tiEOKGE HoWAKP. .lit.
Is published weekly at Tvo Dtifirs per year,
if p ud in advance or. Ti n Dollars and Ff )
Cents ai the, expiration nt the su'srriition year
S,.!,s,ril,ers are at li'yty to .liscomnu at any,ri,e u, n,C(.srv ftr fat.i!it in,r ,,e bui
tiinc on giving notieehercHf iiil paying arrears, r .1 n . " "
.,7; , , i- ' , luessot the M.x so.
Advertisements n t exr:ee.h;ig a square will he f,
inserted at 0i n.ifa- the first insertion, ami v?"! ''H'' (aid th" Constitution) should
tents for every continuance. Lo-iger f,ivrtise- not. have power to abridge ihe free lom of
hients at that rite per square. Court Or.lers andj 'he press, and vet I uvs were made on that
Umhr-ial Ad vertiseinents 2.') per cent, hijiier. A.I- . i,..rt viih .. Ki ,u .u 11 r i
. . I I., i f i J L u,m nicn Mi'1 House was fimt
Verlisements must be marked llie niimliernt m-ier- : . ii . , , ,
tions required, or they will he r.n.i-M.e.l until 1 1 1 "."t ll .w ',s 8 "A 1 1,,s n,Ie violated the
btherwis.- directed, and elrrged acc.nlin -rty.
Letters addressed to the ) litnr must lie post. !
patil, r mey may uoi in; aut-mieu in.
ku v-y mM am ai aw
Front the llichnt ):id Enquirer.
VI VE LA BAGATELLE.
Jmw Whig Song fir tht fourth Tlniwlay in
Pr"' ! this rule was repealed In : this there
"The above cut represents Henry Play a he j was ureal f tllacv. The H'M.e knew what
actually was in hi early boyhood a mill bi.yjthe rule as It wns that no peti ion, me
Tidinff to mill, almost literally in his shirt tail a I 0101 i il. resolution, or uther paper praying
fcape grace, in the way ( truancy stoppinpr t.i i 1 lie ah ilition ot slaverv in tb" I ) tst 1 tct of
iflinir 111 every squirrel or old hare that crimes
across him it may he, to get down to take a
round at boxing with some neitrlihnriinT urchin
;always overstaying his time at mill, and prnliaMy
getting birched fr it when he gt Imme. and put
suppeTless to b'd." Richmond Whig, Jpril,
Young Harry (-lay to the mill has g-uie,
I5y tle roadside you'll find him.
The corn bag, while, he is perched un in,
And his shirl tail streams behind him.
"Old buck-hare, said the Wde lad,
"Since mi body now sees me,
One fling at thee I'M -have, 'by dad!!
Tho' birch and willow tease me."
Old cotton tail like a boh has fl vvn.
Young Harry stands confounded:
For I3.il t isolT. down ibe. road has gone,
Tlie me tl bag lies now grounded.
Now Tommy Smith doth ride this way,
With whortleberry basket,
Of whom our doughty Harry Clay
Thus petulantly aakt-J-:
'Yu ticky scamp, wi'h crosseyed face,
My horse you let go by you;
Get down, you dirty scant-o'-grace,
And let your master try you."
When whortleberries all are ripe
i In Old Hanover county!
If t'wards a man, your nose you wipe,
Hy dads! he'll qnickly mount ye.
- So Tommy Sraith, chock fall of fight.
Like bucks in rutting season.
On Harry leaped, po,r lireechless wight,
And seized him by the wrasand.
Young Hnrry came off second best.
As oft since has betided
So, of his horse, he went in quest;
And then to get cowhided.
Wherefore we all, my brother whigs
Our President will make him;
For these and various other rigs,
The Locos, damned, shall take him.
"THE SAME OLD COON."
fc Hxmam M mm MiMMl
MR s UNDER VS SPEECH.
We copy from 'he (Hobe the following
sketch of the Remarks made by Judge
Saunders in C-.ngr-ss. on the 19 h ult. on
., . .
me report 01 me Select Lommi tee on me
Itutes. ; replied to some remarks made by the gen
Mr. Saunders took ihe floor, and com-j ileman from Massachusetts Mr Hudson
mcr,ced with a lew preliminary remarks, ion this branch of the ubjeei : and he pro
, in too low atone to be heard. He then 1 ceded to say that the Constitution express
went on tosav, that he should proceed at ly provided that Congress should not tak"
once to reply to th nhj-ctums 'hat had ptivite pioper 1 y onb ss it were tor public
been urged to ihe 21st Rule. We have; us-, and then onh on making cotnp' nsa
'(s.iid h ) repeatedly asked those gentlemen j Hon 10 the owners of the property. The
w ho arc opp"e I t the 21 t rule, what it 1 gentleman fnon New York admitted that
vva iney meant ny me aci(t ngnt 01 pe-
tition, when they talked of its being viola
ted? W h re did it commence, and whee
di'l it end? If they -aid tint the people had
.the right to petition when and where 'hey
pleased, and on any subject, lor the redn-s-
of grjevaii'-es, wheth'-r real or imaginary,
then he would sav that there was no ueces
fcity for their travelling up 10 Magna Char
t ta to support that position, for no one ques
' tioned it. He would go one step farther
''thin some of these gentlemen bad done
He admitted that the people not ordy had
.the right to petition, but the right to an un
qualified answer from this House. Even
.on his admission, he was prepared so sus
. tain the 21st tule. W hat was the. language
of the Constitution, on which gentlemen
relied in the:r opposition to ihe 21st rule?
It was, that Congress shall make no law
respecting an establishment of religion, 01
prohibiting the fiee exercise ihceof; or
, abridging the freedom of speech or of the
press; of the right of the people peaceablv
to assemble, and to petition the (iovern-
ment for a redress of grievances." Now,
; Ihe rule passed b, Congress, called the one
' hour rule, which limited the speeches of
member to one hour's time, was an abridg
ement of the freedom of speech. Hut the
t advocates of that rule contended that there
; was an existing ahus impeding the trans
.action ol the business of ihe House, which
I required correction, and the rule was pas.
s-d for that purpose Th- role establish-j
m; mi- piei .u-i qip-tnn wis not only an
abridgment of the freedo n of speech, hoi a
total suppression of it, as it eui off deha'c;
hot that was jns'ili-d hv annimpni thai thl'
1 ,JiM' 1)1 Pc Ho, h'caus it did
!''' it ions ( deliberated upon
tlvre was a gcc-it error A col!cigue of
hi bul said the IL.u-e could not kno v
vhf-'h. r the petition" prayed fir a contitu
tuinal or an uuc'insut utional :c or inU...l
! lor an iniur ux r act. iciIp tlio i.Ptiiinnc
"ere herd; and a gentleman from 0 d
Mr Duncan hid oaid that the inhabitant
ol tics I) strict could not petition for
iholit ion of ! very in this District, unless
Colombia, or any State or let rMory. o
she slave trade b- tw.'ni the States or IVni
'or les ofihe U;i:ted Sutes in wlvCh it now
exists shdl lie revived h. tl) llous or
e itt i t niic d in any way wh . ever. That
wis the- rule which the Speaker, as the
piesiding, idfi.-rr of this lluusc, Was i. qui
ied to enforce; and he could not enforce
'hat rule until ihe aent of the petitioner
n ul Minuunced the put port of the petition
vMiii h he rose to pu-s nt. The IIoue was
ben informed of the pin port of such peti
io'is, ;md tin- petitioners weietlieu hown.
oy that rule, that the House had coniib r
ed the subject and given iis judgment.
IL re. then, the facts wi re aceriaint d, the
pia er was hcatd, ami it was then n et hv
" e speaker, as the pn siding uflieer. who
inteipo-eil this rule a ihe j"iigment of tie
I I louse tlo reon. I le illtMial' d this noini
in various ways, and then came to (he ques
1 1 011 whether ihi ru'e 'va ric;bt and proper,
lie undei iood tie gentleman from New
Yoik Mr. Heardsb y to say, the other
day. that a petition asking; the Hourc to in
terlere with slavery in the States, was to
ask Congress to do that which it could not
do; and that he would not receive such pe
tilion. Wh)? Hecause it. aked for an un
constitutional thing Hut the same gen
tleman said, when a petition askei! Con-
giess to abolish slavery in the District of
Columbia, that that was aiiiflferent question,
and it then became a mailer of expediency
whether the petition should be received
and acted noun. Now, he intended to
meet the gentleman from New York on
ma' pop iMliun. N ho was to decide on
the con - t i t ional 1 y or on cons1 it ul i-mali t y
ol the subject prayed for? It muM be done
by a ni.ijurity of the members of this
.House. Now he (Mr. S.) as-erted that
,t'ony,tes possessed no power to abolish
'slavery in 'he D-strict of Columbia. Con
: aress could not exnend the nuhiic rnonev
jfor such a puipoe. The right of t be own-
j ers of laves to that species of property
I was admit ted 10 be as conclusive as the
t ight in anv other proper ty. The right to
this proper'y was n cognised in M .ryland
1 71 5 Maryland being th-n a colony.
He showed what v- re the laws on this
suhieci in eleven slavehohiiiur Slates, and
laves were prn ate property ; he said, like-
wise, th d Congress might emancipate the
slaves but he diil uoisiy whether Con-!
gress should make compeiisn ion for those
slaves. He dodged that question But.
he (Mr. S. ) contended that Congress could j
not take the public money for any such
putpos'S. The eighth se dioo ol 1 lie 1st
article of the Constitution contained an en
umera'ion of the powers ol Congtess; but
no gentleman could tell him thai il contai
ned any such powers.
The honorable gentleman went into a
long argument to prove the position he as
sumed; in the course of which, he look oc
easion to show what had been done by
otiress heretofore in relation to this class
of ptitioners, and how the gentleman from
Massachusetts Mr. Adams had voted
thereon. He read various resolutions of
the House adopted in the year 1S36 & 1.-3S.
How stood the question in !iS? Then
they had the famous lesolution declaring
'hat Congress had no power to interfere
with slavery in the Slates, and that such
iideifcieuce would be a breach of public
Mr. Heardslev said the gentleman had
miapp ehended him upon this question
He had not said tint all he desired was 1 h a
these petitions should be received and lam
upon the table. He had added a qualifica
Hon that, if the House was ready toad up
on them, as he himself had always been in
ueh case, he Cared not whether they were
laid upon the table or not, the mere recep
ion was sufficient to meet the requirements
of the Constitution. He ha. I added th it.
in his opinion, the expedient and proper
course was to send them to the committee
not favorable to the prayer of the petition,
to the end that they might see what such
committee would advise the Country to do
under the circumstances.
Mr. Saunders siid he understood the
gentleman now to say that he had made
up his mind that slavery ought not to he
Mr. Heardsley said he had so declared,
perhaps a hundred times.
Mr. Saunders said he was gTad to find
'bathe was not misrepresenting the gent le
man. All that the gentleman desired wa
that the petitions should be receive ! and
laid upon the tabic; he did not desire that
they should be considered. Why? He
caugo his mind was made up upon the sub
ject. To what? Not to abolish slavery.
He admitted, that if the majority there
thought that they ought toabolish slavery
they ought to receive and consider the pe
titions; but it was because the majority
were not in favor of the abolition of slave
ry that the 2 1 si rule ought to be establish
ed. W hen the peiition was laid upon the
tabic, it was an answer, and showed thai i
the prayer of the petition was refused.
Suppose a petition were presented to that
House asking to apply the torch of d s
ruction to the capttoll ought such a peti
ion to be received? No; because it was
asking to commit a felony. And did not
th' s- petitions ask the destruction of the
temple of liberty itself? Where was the
ddl-rence, therefore, between receiving
such a petition as he had alluded to. and te
'eiving abolition petitions, which pray for
a thing which all admit ought not to be
done? The 21st rule, so far from being
wrong, was, in fact, perfectly right in ii-s-lf.
It was the judgment of the House
upon the subject; and so far from being
productive of injury, it had been produc
tive of good: why? Hecause it had kept off
that continual clamor which would other
wise have prevailed, about the abolition of
slavery. He must be permitted to say to
the gentleman from New York, in good
feeling, that he was deceiving himself by
supposing that the discussion which was
going on there produced no mischief else
where. Yes, the Very proclamation
which the gentleman from Massachusetts
had made, that he had triumphed upon I hi?
question, was already producing mischief
elsewhere. As soon as the colored popu
lation were led to believe that they would
receive especial encouragement and protec
tion from the Congress of the United
Mates they would be ready lor almost
any act of insubordination.
From the Kaleigh Standard.
We promised last week, and no'.v pub
Ish, the remarks of Mr. BROWN, of Ten-
"-ee, delivered in the House of Repre
sentatives on the subject of abolition peti
lions. Mr. Brown takes the right ground
and he makes his position impregnable to
the ass.Mjlts of the fanatics. Let every man
Mi. A. V. Brown said there were three
distinct propositions now to be decided by
the House The first one was, not to re
ceive abolition petitions; The second, to
receive, but not to refer, report, or debate
upon them; the third, to receive them, and,
treating ihem like other ordinary petitions,
to refer them to a committee, to report up
on them, and to debate them.
Mr. H. said he had always voted for the
first of those propositions; he was prepared
1 to vote for il now, and to vindicate and
maintain ihat vote here, and every where,
What objection, said he, is urged to the
21st rule excluding these petitions. I
ask not what the raving fanatic out of this
House has said, but what honorable mem
bers here have told us in this very debate
They tell us this 21st rule has violated
the great constitutional right of petition. 1
den) it. They tell us that it has turned
these petitions out of doors, and driven
ihem with scorn and con'empl from these
halls. I deny it. The gentleman from
New York has said it; the gentleman from
North Carolina has said it; the gentleman
from Massachusetts has said it; others have
said it. 1 deny it; and stand here to day
to defy them, one and all, to defy them
to whai? To the proof.
Where is that proof? It lies on our ta
hle. It is in the public records of this
House. Well, what do they tell us? Take
that petitition, as it was said, with fifty
thousand signatures; or take that huge roll
that adorned the table of the gentleman
from Massachusetts last session; or take
that one for ihe dissolution of the Union-.
r that one from New York, praying to be
separated from the institutions of slavery;
take any one or all of these, and let us
ee if we either violated the right of peti
tioners, or turned them, unheaid, scornful
ly from our doors.
ts! The people assembled peaceably, brinsj out your candidates -men that wilt
Did we violate that right; 2d They peti- not vot for a slaveholding Speaker men
tioned for the redress ol red or imaginary ill it will be safe to trust on the Committees
zrieo.nce Hid we pr-vent that? 3d.' men who will be able in debate to es
I 'hey sent them to th ir own elprted pouse and sustain our cuie: if those who
agent Did we prevent that ? 4tb. That have befri-nded us thus far will not go far
agent brought 1 htn within tbes. haIN, and 'her if h- of Masachne!ts ifSlade and
presented Wuixn to this House. Did we Clark and (lates shall falter in their course,
prevent thai? d wn with them; everything for our cause,
What next did that ageut do? he rose up and nothing lor men
in his p ire; and, when all ey es were turn- TtiH. sir, was the abolition cty, and we
ed upon him, and all ears open to his were forced to retrace our steps to resort
voice, he informed this Houe who they to the Atberton resolutions; from them we
were, what they Complained of, how tbev were forced to the 21trulej and now we
reasoned on the subject, and what redres are told we musi surrender all.
they prayed f.r. j I wish nov to tell the gentlemen of the
Tne-e are the facts; the record proves North why we of the South are so much
them and gentlemen know them. Now opp 3d to referring these petitions. If
thcque'iion is, fitice. we cloven down theiyou reler you must report; if yu report,
rignt of petition? Have we driven the pe-j you must debate; if you debate, you annu
tioncrs with scorn from our door-? No wei'ly qution our title. This must finally
have not. We have heard them by their j dimim-h, if not d' SUcy, the value of our
own selected agent. Tbev did nut come j property An annual suit for a tract of
themselves -they came by their agent I land suit after suit is brought; will not
We received that agent. He spoke for
ihem, and made known to us their prayer.
The moment their prayer Was heard i iherr
right of petition was perfected. Thfir right
was to petition our duly was to hear
Wrhen we did hear them, through their
'gent, their right wis ended All after
that was oar right. To decide at once, or
to go thr ii'h the tedious formalities of leg
illation. Was for us to determine Under
ihe 21st rule, we decided promptly at
once what these gentlemen nearly all
say we ought finally to htve done. Let
me xplain ail thih by a domestic illustra
tion, which none can fail to Understand
The mother, with her darling Child, busied
as she may be in her ordinary pursuits, is
yet bound to hear dl the complaints
that child ihe child his a tight to be
heard. But, being heard, what next? If
the request be unreasonable or impossible,
she may answer promptly, No! If shO be
doubtful, she may answer. I will consider
ol it, or I will tell you by and-by.
In a case like this, whatever the child
might think of the impatience or Unkind
ni ss of the decision, it could never say.
My parent refused to hear me.
This is the 2lst rule, and this ihe prac
tice undei it, which has been so much mis
represented and misunderstood
Gentlemen may tell me that the fact of
its being so much misunderstood is a
ground for its abandonment. Why. then,
was not a rule reported, clearing Up this
misconception, by deflating on its face
that these petitions should be teceived. bu
going no further? Why did not the gentle
man from New York, Mr. Brjardsley.
propose to go that far? And because thai
was all that ihe right of peiiiion could re
quire, why did he not stop there? Slopping
there, the South, if not satisfied, would
yet have been safe safe in the enjoyment
of her constitutional rights, and perhaps
sale from the fire of insurrection. Stop
ping there, too, the people of the North
would have bi en safe in the enjoyment of
their Constitutional right of petition: and
more than this, the Democratic North
would have been sale from ihe imputation
of her enemies, that she sought the alliance
01 the propitiat ion of the abolitionary fanat
icism of the day.
What do gentlemen tell us in favor of
the total abandonment of ibis rule? h v ,
they tell us thit il is the mot effectual wa
to put down abolition. They had as well
tell us that the be! way to save a city, is
to pull down all her fortifications; ihat the
surest way to repel invasion, is to surrend
er all the mountain passes and strongholds
where you might overcome ihe enemy.
Pul down the abolitionist by granting four
out of five of the very things ihey ak for;
first, they ask you o receive their peti
tions; second, to refer them; third, to re
port on them; fourth, to lei Ihem be deba
ted; and filth, to abolish the institution of
These are the five things asked for; and
the argument is, to put them down by
granting four out of five of them.
Why refer them? Do you doubt? No
Why report on ihem? Do you mean to
pass ihem? No. Why debate them?
W hy, you say that you are all of one mind.
Why, then, all this round of legislative lor
maliiy? Is it done in h pocrisv ? I will not
say it, not think it. Is it done to propiti
ate, bv showing renect to the abolition
ists? I will not say it, because do not feel it.
Bui 1 have one conclusive and irresisti
ble argument 10 show that this is not the
way to put down the abolitionists: you
have tried it. On ihe same speech which
was made by the gentleman from New
York, (if not word for word, cer'ainly on
he same arguments,) 'he Tinckney resolu
tions were passed. The petitions were re
ceived; they wire referred, and rep-rted
upon in the most dignified and respectful
manner. Did this satisly abolitionists, or
allay excitement? No; the very nexi ses
sion the gentleman from Massachusetts
came walking imo thii hall with filly thou
sand petitioners at his heels Under ihat
resolution, the cry was raised. Now is the
lime the doors of Congrtss stand wide
open; put all your machinery in motion;
ths land become valueless, and Ihe owner
ready to surrender it forever? Il will keep
the South in perpetual excitement. And
lastly, ou kindle the fires of insurrection.
The words of the gentleman from Massa
chusetts, uttered here, have often fallen on
the ears of the South like the toll of the fire
bell at night. Gentlemen surely do not
uudersiaud what is going on in the South.
Hundreds and thousands of our slaves have
learned to read wilh our children, qnder a
relaxation prompted by the noblest human
ity; hence our annual debates here could
not fail to be known to them there The
address of the aboliiionist to their masters
is there the address of the abolitionist to
themselves there; they are read by the
flickering light of a midnight fire. They,
are lold. in a lafer address, not to kill,
not 10 shed innocent blood, but to take
horses money and clothes, and whatever
Ise nny facilitate their escape, and flee to
the free Mates, where friends are waiting
'o conduct them 10 Camda. But what
they may do I know not when they shall
read (as read they will) the celebrated
Pittsburg letter. There a new idea is pre
sented. Little does that gentleman perhaps knot
what mischief may flow from that address.
He believed ihe abolition of &Lcry
would be effected in some way either
peaceably or by blood; but in whatever
way , he Wu a for it." Where did he get
that idea from? Not from the abolitionists,
for they only said, steal and fly? Did he
gel it from ihe bloody scene of San Domin
go, where they shed the blood of a sleep
ing infant, and stuck a pole through its yet
warm and quivering body, and under that
standard marched, with the torch in one
hand and the sword in the other?
These are some of ihe consequences
which prompt me earnes'ly to appeal to
ihe true and sincere friends of the Constt
uition; to Itt this report go back to the
coflimittee Let the whole committee he
present, and perfiapsdhcy may report back
tons the 2ls tule. Ithink they ought
to do so. I will vote for It again, as 1 have
often done before. But if ihev will not,
then l t them report some mollification of
the rule, wSch will put ihe rig! t of peti
tion out of all cavil & dispute. But if they
will do neither of these; if they still per
s st ill not onl) teceivingi but referring, re
porting, and debating these petitions, then
I say let ihe South know it at once. Let
h'-r know' her true friends and who are
h r false and deceitful ones. Let her
know the worst, and prepare for the worst.
Ji Lngcrthtn Crush Terrible Occident
Millions.- The Richmond Enquirer of
yesierdav, says: We sincerely regret to
announce a melancholy event, which occur
red at the Whig Club house at sunset last
evening. The hfu.-e wasjust finished, and
about 100 persons had flustered together
0' the ridgepole of ibe roof, which was
about 40 or fifty feet from the ground an
individual had taken off his hat, and about
to prod dm that ihe Rally Would take place
to day, when a large portion ofthe roof fell
in, carrying flown the whole crowd of per
sons. We have not been able to gather the
particulars but understand that the fol
lowing are the names of the persons whO
were the greatest sufferers: Doct. Lemoso;
badly; Ed. Allen, very badly; VV. Pear
Son, leg broke, W. H. Redwood, leg
broke; Mr. Walsh, arm broken in two pla
ces; Mr. Adie. arm broken in two places;
Mr Pemberion. thigh broken; Hugh Fry
and son, badly; Robert Maynard, ancle
broke; Mr Mays, arm broken; young
Some of the hoys suffered very much. A
son of Mr. S. H. My res had an arm bro
ken in two places A son of Mr. Graeme,
also, had an arm broken Two sons of
Mr. Walsh were much injured; one having
his leg broken, ihe other considerably
hurl. Others, whose names we have not
been able to learn, were much injured,
though not very dangerously.
The New Orleans Picayune says that
there is a fellow in ihat city so lazy that h
writes Andrew Jackson thus &ru Jaxn.