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Tarborough, Edgecombe Connitj, .V. C. Saturday llarrh 16, 1814.
I. iXJUh 11.
The Tarboroush 3rcs,
Br Geokge Howakd. Jr.
Is published weekly at Two Dollars per yttar.
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Letters addressed to live Kdiior must be post
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FOR THE TAKBORO PUESS.
At a regular meeting of the Democratic
Association of District No. 15, of Edge
combe County, the meeting being called
to order by the Pres. M ij. Cherry, tin
following Preamble, Constitutuiion an
Resolutions, were presented and adopted:
Whereas, we believe that the liberties
of our country cannot be perpetuated by
our Government's exercising powers not
entrusted to ihem by the people, but oni
the contrary is endangered by every usur
pation and as we can find no warrant in
our Federal Constitution for the establish
ment of a great monied aristocracy, with
exclusive privileges, dangerous powers ami
corrupting tendencies; nor any provision
authorizing the imposition of burden upon
Ihe laoors of one man for another's benefit;
nor the slightest pretext for the unjust and
unequal collection of taxes that ihey may
be again arbitarily and uufaiily distribu
ted: Therefore, as the time is fast ap
proaching when as citizens of a great Re
public, we will be called upon to exercise
that incalculable and invaluable privilege
of freemen, the casting of those voles
which are to sustain our national freedom
and independence, or hand us over to
Henry Ciay, (alias Federalism) bound
hand and foot, that he may at his will and
pleasure rivet around the necks of the A
merican people the chains of despotism,
and banish to the regions of dark oblivion
the liberties of a once free people by meas
ures the most ruinous and oppressive, be
lieving that the principles for which the
Democracy are now contending, are essen
tial to the preservation of the liberties of a
free people, and are identified with the best
interest of a free people: Therefore, w ith a
view of contributing our aid to the noide
cause of constitutional freedom and democ
racy, and of adding our efforts to defeat the
Federal party and its odious measures in
the approaching Presidential election, we
deem it proper to form a Democratic Asso
ciation, and to adopt the following
Article I. This Association shall be
called the Democratic Association for Dis
trict No 15, of the county of Edgecombe,
and shall continue to exist until after the!
Jlrt. 2. Any citizen of North Carolina
belonging to the democratic paity, may
become a member of this Association.
Jlrt. 3. The officers of the Association
shall be a President, Vice President, Secre
tary and Treasurer.
Art. 4. There shall be two standing
committees of five members each.
tr . , "I
Art. 5. The officers and committees
shall be elected at the first meeting and
continue in ollice at 1I12 pleasure of the As
sociation, and all vacances filled by the
Art. 6. A majority of the members
present at any meeting shall be competent
to transact business.
Jlrl. 7. The President shall preside at
the meeting of the Association, or in his
absence the Vice President, or in the ab
sence of both, a President P.T. may be ap
Jlrt. 8. It shall be the duty of the
Secretary to keep a journal of the proceed
ings of the Association.
Jlrt. 9. 'Ihe Treasurer shall pay no
monies out of the Treasury without a cer
tificate from the President signed by the
Jlrt. 10. It shall be the duty of the com
mut.ee of correspendeuce to prepare busi
ness lor the Association, to give the Asso
ciation all the information they can obtain
of movements of the Democratic or Federal
parties, and to invite such democrats as
they may deem proper, and such as ihe As
sociation may direct, to address the Associ
ation at its meetings.
Art. 11. The Association shall meet
the third Saturday in every month at the
house of James C. Marks.
rt. 12. This constitution may be
amended by a majority of two thirds the
Resolved, That we are opposed to the
General Government taking jurisdiction of
luV ubjecl not clearly delegated to it by
toe Federal Constitution,
Resolved, That any legislative action
of Congress upon any subject over which
it has not jurisdiction, is unconstitutional
and is null and void.
Resolved, That Congress hs no powers
but those granted in the Constitution of the
Resolved, That those powers not gran
ted to the (icncfat Government are retain
ed by the State (iovernmen'.s.
Resolved, That the Clay or Whig doc
trines of constructive powers, or powers of
implication or general welfare, are destruc
tivein their nature and tendency.
Resolved. Tint the distribution net of
the last Congress is fatal to tate sovereign
ty & consequently to our Federal republic.
Resolved, That the Whig triumph of
140 was one of the most stupendous and
abominable political frauds that have ever
been planned by unprincipled design, and
executed by blind passion and prejudice.
Resolved, Tint by recent demonstra
tions we are admonished that similar s ene
will be acted by the same Federal p.irty to
elect Henry Clay.
Resolved, That we have no confidence
in Henry Clay as a statesman or in his pat
riotism as a man; it is with him, come war,
come pestilence, come famine, come Arts
tocracy, come despotism, sotheGie.il Har
ry ol the w est rules.
Resolved. Th ! when the Whig eandi
date in 1S40 departed from the dign fled
and patriotic usages of former candidates
for the high and responsible office of Presi
dent of the U. S. and commenced canvass
ing the Slates and making stump speeches,
to obtain votes, he introduced innovations
degrading to the candidate, degrading to
the Republic, and dangerous to liberty.
Resolved, That the present Whig candi
date is pursuing a similar course, and that
some oi me nig ciuoi s are inemseives
ashamed of such conduct and try to excuse
it by saying that he goes to New Orleans
on private business and will viit North
Carolina, at the request of political and per
Resolved, That bargain and intrigue for
high office is dishonorable to the individu
al, and dangerous in a Republic; therefore,
as Henry Clay is the only aspirant to the
honorable office of President, w ho has ev
er been openly charged with such a crime,
he is the most dangerous man who has as
pired to that office.
Resolved, That the scheme of Henr)T
Clay to restrict the veto power of the
President, is a design to secure the aboli
tion vo'e in the next Presidential election.
Resolved, That we can conceive of no
greater calamity to the nation, or deeper
disgrace to the cause of popular govern
ment, than the election of Henry Clay;
it would rejoice the heart of aristocracy
and despotism through the whole extent
of civilization and cairy a cloud of damp
ntssover the fire of liberty wherever it
Resolved, That the petition of the whig
legislature of Massachusetts to alter the
t'onstitntion of the United States so as to
depr ive the South ol a part of her lepresen
tatton in Congress is a part of the scheme
of England ami the abolitionists to weaken'
the Sou h, so as to effect the purposes of
Resolved, That the veto power, given
to the President by the Constitution, is a
salutary featute in our glorious form of
' n( ho Um.niiiin u-mil.l a
Uovernment, thai a restriction ol ii in the
I" -" " -
restriction ol freedom, an abandonment ol
it, an abandonment of Southern rights and
American liberty. As Southern freemen
we hold on.
Resolved, That the time h;ts come for
every Southern patiiot to speak out, lor
ihe time is not far distant when he will
have to act.
Resolved, That the right to hold slaves
is a right anterior to the Constitution of
ihe United States, is a right granted by
that instrument; the Constitution of the U
niied States recognises the right as a Slate
right reserved by the States.
Resolved, That the course taken by the
honorable .1. Black, of Georgia, and A.
V. Brown, of Tennessee, on the report of
the House committee upon the rules, is
honorable to them and their constituents,
and deserves the highest commendation
from every high minded patriot of the
South; we say with Mr. Black, we defy the
abolitionists and their incendiaries with
their faggots in their hands.
Resolved, That the course taken by Mr.
Clingman of N. C. is a virtual surrender
of the whole Southern ground into the
hands of the abolitionists; he grants what
Adams and Giddings want the right to
receive secures the right to grant. Go,
traitor, we desphe the treason and defy
'he traitor and his allies.
Resolved, That Martin Van Buren is
our first choice; yet, we will support the
nominee of the Baltimore Convention.
Resolved, That the election of Martin
Van Buren would be a most powerful ami
glorious defence in the cause of popular
government; and, the.annunciation of the
fact would strike terror and dismay
throughout the ranks of aristocracy and
despotism, throughout the civilized world;
and warm the latent spark of Republican
liberty, wherever it shall be found.
Moved and seconded, that the proceed
ings of this meeting he published in the
Tarhoro' Press, and other papers friendly
to the Democratic cause.
1'he meeting then adjourned till the 3rd
Saturday in March, 12 o'clock.
LUNSFORI) R. CHERRY, Pres't.
John F. Speight, Sec'y pro tern.
PltOStfECTUS Of THE
Jl Cheap Democratic Weekly for the
The undersigned will issue on the 15 h
of March next, in this City, the first, num
ber of trie ''Republican Sentinel," a cl.cp
paper intended lor the campaign of l.s44,
to be continued weekly until the Presiden
tial election in November. The present
ear will, beyond doubt, wi'ncss the most
important struggle, which 1ms taken place
s nee iswu, between the antagonistic prin
ciples of Democracy and Federalism. The
People will solemnly decide next Novem
ber, whether they prefer a simple perma
nent Government, limited by the constitu
tional metes and hounds, as our ancestors
intended or a mongrel mutable system,
based upon no fixed principles, but vary
ing with the interests and opinions of indi
viduals who may, for Ihe time bein. have
the control of the Executive or Legislative
Departments. The Democratic party have
ever contended for the strictest interpreta
tion of the national clnrUr They are siill
zealously striving to confine the powers of
ihe Federal Government wiihin the nar
row I i 111 i s "nominated in the bond,"
which w;is sealed with the blood of the pu
rest patriots of ancient or modern times.
That party see no warrant in tl e Constitu
tion lor those mighty powers claimed bv
our opponents; which, if carried out.
would convert our excellent Federative
System into a concentrated, powerful Gov
ernment, under whose iron rule the rights
ol the States and the best inteiest of the
People would be crushed to atoms and
the only Republic on the globe would be
blotted out from the page of history.
Should the people at the coming struggh
confirm the schemes of our opponents, viz:
A National Bank, which will raise or de
press the value of properly throughout the
Union, to gratify the grasping avarice o
speculators, or the unholy ambition of po
litical aspirants; a Protective Tariff, to en
ncn one section 01 the country at the ex-
penso ofoiher vast interests, which, under
our free Government are all entitled to the
same regard and security; a Distribution of
the proceeds of the Public Lands which
were ceded for the benefit ofthe whole U
nion, and not intended as bribes for Presi
dential votes, by ihe Assumption of State
Debts, which will be the necessary fruit
ot the system; and the destruction of the
moral power f the Veto, the strong safe
guard for Southern rights; we shall look
in vain for the continuance of a limited
constitutional Government. The consum
mation of these Whig plans will he follow
ed inevitably by a train of evils, which
must prove fatal to our liberties. Grant
the powers contended for by our oppo
nents, and we yield up every right of the
States - every protection for the citizen.
It will he the steady aim oTthe "Repub
lican Sentinel" to enforce th'-se views by
facts ami arguments. It will by before
the people, in a cheap form, the immortal
text books of the Republican Party the
Constitution of the United States, w here
every citizen may see tbe rights of the
States clearly and powerfully set forth; the
; Viiginia and Kentucky Resolutions of'DS,
99. and Madison s masterly Report,
which has again and again been the rally
ing point of the Democracy ; ( lay's unan
swerable speech against a National Bank,
and other documents, which have, in times
past, shed a flood of light on the Constitu
lion, and wili be again brought forward to
warn us ofthe dangers which besiege us
A deperate struggle will be made by
our opponents to carry Virginia, who has
never faltered in her devotion to the Con
stitution, and has always been "the Flag
Ship of the Union," in the striking lan
gu.ige of the distinguished son of South
Carolina. Whatever may be the issue in
other parts of the Union, this good old
Commonwealth must and will be saved;
for, on the firm foundation of her principles
will be erected, as heretofore, a common
platform, where, in disaster and defeat, all
the friends of the Constitution will rally
In the furtherance of these paramount
objects, the Republican Sentinel will sup
port with all the zeal and energy it can
command, the selected candidates of the
Republican party for President and Vice
President. As it will require a large sub
scription to justify the en'erprise, Ihe un
dersigned respectfully solicits the aid and
co-operation of his Democratic brethren in
this ahd other States. The price of the
paper will he Si per
lie paid in ddvance.
WM. F. RITCHIE
Richmond, Feb. 23, 1844.
From the Richmond Enquire?.
Mr, McDUFFlE'S LETTER.
Washington, 26h Feb., 1841.
Dear Sin I can have no hesitation in
answering your enquiries. As to the con
stitutionality of a Bank of the l)nitel
States as that is a question not depending
Upon circumstances I have not 1 hanged
mv opinion, unless very strong doubts ol
the power of Congress to exempt the
stockholders frm individual responsibili
ty, constitute a change. Such exemption,
however, is not atall essential to a corpora
tion for banking, or any o'her purposes.
But I should be totally blind to the lessons
of expe rience, if, after the tremendous ex
osjon of the late Hank ol ihe United
Mates, I could believe it expedi-nt to es
ablish another. 1 supported that Bank as
1 national, and not aa a por'v measure. I
hen so regarded it. But we are admon
hed by every thing around us, that any
Bank which may now he es ablished is ties
ted to be a mere party engine, and one
of the great controlling powers of the
Slate. And I will add, ihit, unless the
autre of man he ntirely changed, it wll;
he us Corrupting &. demobilizing, as it will
he powerful. Such an ins'i'ution, in th
hands of a bold ami unscrupulous political
leader, sustained by a well Orgmized polit
ical party thy the great manufacturing in
terest, secured in its ai egi.mce ny ine
bounties of a protective TaiifT. and even b
ove-rcign States, seduced by tbe miserable
delusion of giving t'1 cm ihe proceeds ol
the sab s of ihe public lands, ami assuming
their debts would be li erally "more ter
rible than an army wnh banmrs. I do
not believe the public liberty would long
survive such a combination.
With regard to the other question to
which vou allude ihe union ol the great
Republican party there is hut one motto
under which they can successfully tally
and that is, 1 free trade and uncompromi
sing war against the protective system and
its affiliated measures.' If the Tariff
should be satisfactorily reduced, as I now
hope it will, I think the South and South
west will move in solid column and with
an unfaltering step.
I am, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Thotiias Ritchie, Esq., Richmond Va.
Oregon. The bill to provide for ihe
settlement of Oregon Territory by emi
grants frrom the United States, introduced
in Congress by Senator Atchinson, of Mis
souri, provides for the establishment of a
line of forts not exceeding live, from the
frontiers to the M inntain Pass, and an addi
tional one at Ihe mouth of the Columbia
RiCr. It grants 640 acres of land to each
while male inhabitant over IS years of age
who shall cultivate 1 tie same for five years,
and to his heirs in case of decease. To every
married man there shall he granted in addi
tion, 1 BO acres to the wife, and 160 for
each child tinder IS, he may have, or
which shall be born wiihin the territory,
comprising all the country west of the
Rocky Mountains, ami between the paral
els ol 40 and 50 deg. 40 m. north latitude.
Texas. The National Intelligencer
says: "An unaccountable delusion appears
to exist in Texas, and to some extent also in
the city of New Orleans, respecting the
prospect of an immediate annexation of
Texas to the United States and the most
absurd stor ies on the subject are confidently
published as news, both in Texa & New Or
leans by whom devised, and for w hat pur
pose, whether of wanton mischief or of in
terested speculation it is difficult to ima
gine. (pThesum of 200 has been for
warded to Gen Jackson as the principal
and interest of the fine imposed upon him
at New Orleans The people in many sec
tions of the country exprt ssed their satis
faction at this act of Congress, by the fi
ring of National alutes.
The next thing the American people
should do is, to build a monument at New
Orleans in commemoration of the memora
ble defence of that city Fuy- Car.
JVilmington, March 6, 1844.
Fire Between 1 1 and 12 o'clock on
Monday night, fiie broke out in a house
on Boundary street, occupied by H. B. Ei
lets, and owned by Mr. Mindell which
was consumed, and before its progress
could be slopped, owing to the scarcity ol
water in that neighborhood, the dwelling
houses of Richard Simpson and Wm. B
Jones, adjacent j Were also destroyed, be
sides an unoccupied house in another di
rection. Mr. Jones and Mr. Simpson si
ved their furniture in a damaged condi-
tion; Mr. Eilers lost the tvaur part of
Neither of the sufferers had any In
surance, and they are cases appealing
strongly to the substantial sympathies of
mif citizens. These we hope to see
brought into active exercise... Chronicle.
(0We learn from the Milton Chroni
cle, that on Thursday night the 22d nil. at
ten o'clock, a fire broke oUt in ihe Union
Hotel, kept by Mr. Rice in Yanceyville,
which was entirely destroyed, together
with the kitclien. smoke-house, &c. and
also two adjoining brick houses owned by
Dr. (Jeorgii Robertson and Mr. Ware.
The Chronicle states that the fire origina
'ed through the carelessness of a young gen
tleman, a boarder, in whose care the house
had b en left during Mr. Rice absence
The young man built a large fire in hi
room, and then went out on a visit, first
loriking his door. The fire being thus
left to take care of itself, soon enveloped
the Whole establishment in ruin.
QpWe regret to learn that the dwel
ling house of Mr. Willie Mehane, in the
Haw fields, was consumed by fire on
Thursday last, together with all the out
buildings The family were absent atten
ding Ue funeral of a daughter of Mr. Me
b ine, when the fire originated and when
they returned, the fire had made such pro
gres.- that they were enabled to save only
die meat ft'om the smdke-house Nothing
was saved from the dwelling; learing them
with only the clothes they had on.
Hi shorn Recorder.
From the Raleigh Independent.
Col. Renfntn A s'ory is related of this
distinguished Senator, connected with the
late di-a-'er, which is highly creditable to
hi rm The Madisonian states that immedi
ately af'er the accident of the Princeton,
while Colonel Benton was stretched out on
bedeck gasping lor hreath, he exclaimed
ih a broken voice to those around him,
"Say to Captain Stockton that this accident
has not impaired my confidence in the glo
1 ious expei imeni of the Princeton, or les
sened my regard fur her brave and gallant
From the Raleigh Register.
Snitide We learn from the Baltimore
Sun that Mr. Lambert S. Thomas, drug
gist of that city, committed suicide on
Monday by taking oue hundred grains of
corrosive sublimate. He lived about one
hour and a ha f, in perfect possession of his
senses) as it appeared. Being asked by a
friend why he hail taken the potion, he pro
duced a note which he had previously pre
pared, Mating in effect, "that he has re
peatedly and earnestly sought to obtain a
knowledge of religious truth, but unsuc
cessfully! that the sinfulness of his heart
and proneness to iniquity was such, that hd
Was convinced there was no salvation lor
Extravagant. The New York Corres
pondent of the National Intelligencer
I he times are 'easy if we Can judge by
the article that find plenty of buyers, t
heard yesterday that a shop keeper in
Broadway had imported several ladies'
dresses, priced at one thousand dollars
each and had no difficulty in selling them.
Mr. Weeks, a large furniture manufactu
rer, informed me that of a Certain kind of
very cotly chair, he could not keep one
unsohi! It was certainly a superb article
i made 01 carveti rosewood ami nurnle vel-
vet; puce (for a single chair) one hundred
and fifty dollars!
(JMr. Marcus Adams, of Monroe
County N. Y. within a year or two past,
has been engaged in exper iment.n in mak
ing Sugar from Cornstalks, the result of
which i perfectly satisfactory to him, and
by w hich he is enabled to declare that he
'sees no good reason why the manufacture
of .Sugar may not become as universal as
the raising of Corn, inasmuch as every
neighborhood can as easily be supplied
with its apparatus for making Sugar as for
New Life Preserver. Somebody Irt
Cincinnati has invented anew life preserv
er, ol a novel description. Every chair in
the Cabin of a steamboat is rendered capa
hle of susiaititngseven or eight persons in
the water. '1 he inventor has secured a pa
tent. "All is not Gold ha! glitter."
writer in the N. Y. Tribune states his be
lief that seven eighths of all the ornaments
worn in that city are of coppef, though
paid for as gold. The fraud is eflected by
n. Cans of the lately discoveied process of
galvanizing, by which copper is made to
assume the appearance of the finest gold,
with sccarcely one-hundredth part of the
gold formerly worked up. The only rem
edy suggested4 and that is but fl doubtful
one, is to require of the seller a warrant
that ih ankle is of solid gold or silver