WhOte JYo. 910.
Tarboroughj Eilgccombe County, J C. Saturday, .11 at 11, 1844,
VbLXX. JYb. 19.
The Tarfooroiigh Tress,
By George Howard. Jh.
Is published weekly at Two Dollars per year,
if paid in advance or. Two Dollars and Fifty
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Letters addressed to the IMiior must be post
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From the Plebeian.
THE GENIUS OF DEMOCRACY'S
A ir "Bruce's Jiddt ess. "
Friends of "equal rights and Saws!"
House ye up for freedom's cause!
Can you now ignobly pause?
Save your legacy !
Firm, united, heart and hand,
Democrats! re-olve to stand
Liberty's undaunted band
Foes to tyranny.
Let perfidious recreants learn,
Who from freedom's alter turn,
How indignant freemen spurn
At their treachery.
Reprobate the traitor knaves
Freemen born who would be slaves
Point them to their fathers graves
Shrines of chivalry!
Democrats with stalwart blow
Lay the Federal phalanx low
That but strives to overthrow
Fling your star wrought banner high
For Democracy the cry,
Freemen live or freemen die,
On! to victory!
IN A CHURCH YARD IN NORFOLK.
Here lies Matthew Mud:
Death did him no hurt;
When alive he was mud,
And now dead he's but dirt.
From the Washington Republican.
PUBLIC MEETING OF THE DEM
OCRATS OF MARTIN.
In pursuance of public notice given, a
large and respectable portion of the De
mocracy of Martin County convened in
the Court-House, in the Town of Wil
liamston, on Saturday, 27th April, 1S44:
when on motion of John Watts, Lawrence
Cherry, Eq., was called to the Chair, and
Doct. Wm. W. Watts, and T. W. Ward,
Esq., were appointed Secretaries.
Doct. Win. S. Woodard being called on,
explained at length the object of the meet
ing in a clear and forcible manner; urging
the importance and necessity of union and
harmony, concert and energy, and appeal
ing to all true Democrats to sacrifice per
sonal preferences if necessary to secure the
ascendency of principles, and concluded by
submitting the following Resolutions for
the action of the meeting, which were
1$. Resolved, That the Chair nominate
three persons from each nrecinct of the
county, a Committee to report suitable per
sons to be nominated as Democratic candi
dates for seats in the next Legislature of
2nd. Resolved, That it shall be the
privilege of any member of this meeting to
object to any or all the nominations of the
Chair, and to propose other names if there
are others who, in his judgment comport
L. . ...!.L il i V. . i
weuer wnn me wisnes ot tne meeting; ana
it shall be the duty of the Chair, on any
such second nomination, to submit the
matter to a vote of the meeting and that
me committee shall be constituted agreea
ble to the result of said vote.
Jrer. tiesolved, 1 hat the Chair appoint
five persons a committee to draft ceneral
Resolutions expressive of the sense of this
In pursuance of the first resolution the
Chair nominated the following persons to
constitute said committee, to wit: District
No. l, N. B. Mariner, Wm. L. Mizell,
and Harmon Griffin. District No. 2,
Harmon Eason, S. B. Williams, and Wm
U'gan. District No. 3, Wm. Daniel,
John Perry, and Robert Lanier. District
No 4, Dr. Wm. S. Woodard, John Watts,
and McGilbry M. Staton. District No
i Uavis B. Harrison, David Gurganus,
and Abram Green. District No. 6, Alfred
Moore. James Bullock, and Jesse M. Ew-
e'l- District No. 7. Arnold Whitfield,
trnonT. Everitt. and W. Rogers. Di
trct No. 8, F. G. Cobb, Pembroke Ward.
?nu Jarrad Cloman. District No. 9, T.
W, Ward, William Pollard, and Daniel
The nominations of the Chair being ough in June next,
unanimously confirmed by the meeting, thej 4th. Resolved, That the Chairman ap
committee after a short retirement, return-1 point Democratic Commitiees of Vigilance
ed and reported through their chairman,! in each Captains District, who are lequest-
(Duct. Wm. S. Woodard,) the names of
Uol. Asa Biggs, for the Senate, and Doct.
George Cobb, for the House of Commons,
which were unanimously concurred in
by the meeting.
And in pursuance of the 3rd resolution,
the Chairman appointed Doct. Wm. S.
Woodard, John Watts, Col. Joseph G.
Caraway, Wm. L. Mizell, and T. W.
Ward, who reported the following pream
ble and resolutions which were adopted.
Whereas, It is believed that the ap
proaching political contest in this State
promises to array more distinctly, than in
many years, the prominent principles
winch divide the bederal and Republican
pariies of this country; and we trust our
opponents will not hereafter attempt to
evade the issue.
They now contend for a National Bank
with a capital of 2550,000,000, irrevocable
by Congress for twenty years, permitting
foreigners to own stock, and exempting
Irom responsibility the private property of
the siock-holders for a distribution ol the
proceeds of the public lands among the
Stiles for a protective tariff, and lor an
alieration of the Constitution bv the aboli
tion of the Veto power, and by their acts
show that they are in favor of an ill-digeted
ind unjust Bankrupt law to wipe out old
debts, while they make new ones by the
cieation ofa national debt, which by many
of them is esteemed a national blessing?.
The Demociatic faith is directly the re
verse We declare opposition to a iNa
tional Bank as fraught with danger to our
free institutions and to the liberties of the
people, from its necessarily great and con
trolling power over the general currency
and business of the country. Opposition
to the present banking system as defective
in principle and unsale in practice, and re
quiring a radical reform. A total separa
tion of the fiscal concerns of the govern
ment from all banking institutions as the
best guarantee for the preservation of our
National indenendence. Sunnort to no
Bank but such as aie based upon sound
principles, with the ability and disposition
at all times to redeem their bills in cold
and silver. An express provision in all
Bank charters requiring ample security to
be given to the state lor the redemption of
their issues in specie on demand, and the
subjection of all acts of incorporations to
the control of the Legislature. Opposition
to the distribution ot the proceeds of the
public lands as unauthorized and highly
inexpedient, and ultimately subjecting the
States to become mere beneficiaries of the
general government and peculiarly repre
hensible, now when the government is in
debt and in need of every source of revenue
to meet current expenses. Support ofa
Tariff adjusted for the purpose of revenue
to maintain the government economically
administered; and unreising hostility to a
protective tariff which imposes burthens
upon the many for the benefit ofa privileg
ed lew. A deep-and abiding opposition lo
the attempt ot the lederal party to lay vio
lent hands upon the Constitution, that sa
cred palladium ol our liberties to suit the
caprice of reckless partisans. Thus array
ed upon measures, is not the broad line
distinctly drawn, showing the federal or
whig partv of this dav. advocating the
sirne principles which distinguished them
in the early days of the republic? an en
largement of tlie powers of the federal gov
ernment, its consolidation and splendor, at
the expense of the rights of the Stare,s, the
restriction ot the power, influence, and
prosperity of the great body ol the people
by a course of legislation for the special
benefit ot individu als and classes
In conirast we find the democratic party
asking only an honest government, con
trolled by the people under Ihe provisions
of the Constitution. .We look upon free
men as equals, entitled to an equal in flu
ence in public affairs and to equal protec
tion in their private walks. We lock upon
government not 3S designed to raise the
tew above the many, or to make some rich
and others poor, but to give equal security
to all in their rights of person and properly
and their lawful pursuits.
We repudiate institutions and law
which designedly give one man or class of
men ad vantages over others, while we ac
cord to all the right to use for theirown
benefit, without injury to others, the mind
and the strength with which ihe great cre
ator has endowed them; therefore,
1st. Resolved, I hat in the coming con
test we will earnestly advocate our cherish
ed principles, and give political support to
those only who will zealously maintain
2d. Resolved, That this meeting concur
in the appointments made of delegates to
the Baltimore Convention by the District
Convention held at Gatesviile, Qn the 6th
Ma v. 1843.
" 3d. Resolved, That twenty delegates be
appointed by this meeting to iepre?ent this
county in the Electoral Convention for this
Electoral District to be held at Tarbor-
eel to disseminate political information and
and urge upon Democrats the importance
and necessity of attending the polls, and to
make arrangements in each Distr ict to pro
cure every Democratic vote to be polled at
the election in August, and the Presiden
tial election in November next.
In pursuance ot theabove resolution, the
Chairman appointed the following
COMMITTEES OF VIGILANCE:
District No 1. Cullen Ange, Joseph
L. Waters, Thomas L. Holleday, Gabriel
Ange, M;dicha Ange, Zichariah Gherkin,
James Mizell, jun., Wm. Sennitt, Wm.
Ward and Allied Everitt.
District No. 2. Harmon Eason, Otis
Andrews, Noah Reddick, Martin Reddick,
Wm. Duggan, inn., John C. Catsinger,
Jordan Campbell, S. B. Williams, Thom
as Cullipher and William B. Perry.
Uistrict Art. 3. Robert Lanier, Wil
liam Daniel, Jesse Hardison, Jesse S. Stal-
lings, Joshua G. Robason, James Hardi
son, rNoali real, Jasin lice, ttedding Per
ry, John Perry, and Hyman Uobason.
D'stnct No. 4. McG. M. Staton,
Stanly Duggan, Doct. Peter E. Maddera,
Capt. Hardy G. Cobbs, Allen F. Osbourne,
Levi Pippin, Spires Groves, Daniel Ward,
Ino. H. Brown, Edward Ilarrell, and V ll-
liam R. Whitley.
District Ao. 5 Davis B. Harrison,
John B. Harrison, Abijh Peal, James Car
away, John Woolard, Stanly Peal, David
burganus, Abram Green, Benjamin Leg-
gett. Jordan Mizell, and Simon Gurganus.
District No. 6. Anthony Boroughs,
Jas. Bullock. Arnold C. Beel. Wm. D
Caraway, Alfred Moore, Randolph Ewell,
Zachariah Haddock, Jese Moore, Capt.
Wm. Cooper, Joseph Peal, Turner E.
liarnhill, Romilus S. Cherry, and Law
District No. 7. Wm. Rogers, Simon
I . Lventt. Arnold Whitfield, S. B. Pow
ell, Drewry Teal, Cotton Powell, Abner
S. Coburn, Capt. John A. Manning, James
B. Robason, Dennis Rawls. and '1 nomas
District No. 8. Doct. Abner Williams,
F. P. Ward, A. S. Cotten, Robert John
son, Joshua Taylor, K. Taylor, Stephen
Outerbridge, F. G. Cobb, William Pol
lard, Wm. Alsobrooks, and Dan 1
District No. 9. John P. Turner, Wm.
B. W Sherrod, T. W. Ward, Benjamin
C. Mayo, A. F. Hooker, John H. Bryan,
Wm. Jones, L. R. Brown, Ebenezar Hy
man, Peyton T. Boyelt.
In pursuance of the 3d resolution, the
Chairman appointed the following Dele
gates: T. W. Ward, J. S. Yarrel, Doct. Abner
Williams, Col. Soseph G. Caraway, Daniel
Ward, sr., Poet. P. E. Maddera, Jno.
Watts. Benj C Mayo, M. M. Siaton, R
S. Cherry, A. H. Coffield, Lawience John
son, Joshua Taylor, Wm. L. Mizell, Har
mon Eason, A. S. Mooring, Col. Briggs
Langley, Dr. Wm. W. Watts, A. S. Cot
ten, and William Alsobrooks.
On motion of Dr. Wm. S. Woodard, the
following resolution was unanimously
Resolved, That this meeting urge upon
our Demociatic brethren in this county, the
necessity of union, harmony and vigilance,
in sustaining the nominees of this meeting,
while we pledge ourselves to give them a
zealous and earnest support, confidently be
lieving that they will fearlessl)- bear aloft
the Democratic banner to victory and tri
umph. Col. Biggs now, in answer to a call from
the Chair, havingaccepted his nomination
as candidate for the Senate, entertained the
meeting with one of his happiest efforts,
exhibiting in lucid contrast the principles
of the two. political parties as they now ex
ist in our country, and in a manner the
most clear and conclusive, proved them to
be identical with the principles of the old
Republican and Federal parties of the days
of Jefferson and Adams.
On motion of A. S. Mooring the follow
ing resolution was unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That we will cordially sup
port Col. Michael Hoke, the nominee of the
Demociatic party for Governor, arid we
should be pleased if he would visit this
section of the State; for we are assured that
it is only necessary for the people to see
and hear him, to ascertain the affability of
his disposition, the amiability of his charac
ter, his undoubled capacity for the Guber
natorial chair, and his undeviating firmness
and faithfulness in the advocacy of sound
On motion, it was Resolved, That Dr.
W. S. Woodard, John Watts, and A. S
Mooring be appointed a committee to in
form Doctor Cobb of his nomination, and
request his acceptance of the same.
On motion, Ordered, That the Secreta
ries of this meeting forward its proceedings
to the Editors of the Washington N. C.
Republican, and North Carolina Standard,
with a request that they publish the same.
On motion, the thanks of the meeting
were tendered to the Chairman and Secre
taries for the able manner in which they
have discharged their duties, and
i he meeting then adjourned, sine die.
LAWRENCE CHERRY, Ch'n.
WM. W. Watts,
T. W. Ward,
(TpThe North Carolina Standard will
From the Madisonian.
HON. R. M. SAUNDERS' LETTER
Washington, May 5h, 1844.
My Dear Sir: 1 have seen, with plea
sure, that a public meeting has been held
by "the people of Mecklenburg, composed
of nearly an equal number of Whigs and
Democrats, and adopted a strong preamble
and resolutions in favor of annexation.
with only three or four dissenting voices."
I am the more gratified at this result, both
for the place from which the proceeding
... .1 C a, L I .
came, auti irom tne iaci inai u snows wnai
are the real sentiments of the People, un
swayed and uninfluenced by the arts and
calculations of the political partisan. It is
such an expression as I should have ex
pected from the people of that county,
where was first proclaimed at the bold and
daring truth "That these Colonies are,
and of right ought to be, free and indepen
dent States." I regard this question of the
annexation of Texas, as the most important
and vitally interesting of any since the an
nunciation of the great truth which made
us an Independent Nation. This question
of Texas is no longer one for speculaiion,
but for action. A treaty is now pending
before the Senate for its immediate annex
Mt ion to the United States. It isasked that
that portion of the Executive branch of the
Government shall, by its ratification and
approval, sanction what the Chief Execu
tive has already accomplished, and what.
as 1 believe, a majority of the People's
Representatives are. prepared to sustain.
In 1S03, this interesting territory was ac-
auiredbv Mr. Jefferson, in the Louisiana
Treaty, from France. In 1M6, it was.
by some strange and unaccountable blun-
tier, ceuea oy me uni:ea aiaies io zpaiu.
And thus was this noble acquisition of Jef
ferson severed from our country, deprived
of the blessings of a free government, and
thrown back into that wretched condition
of colonial vassalage which has since caused
her delightfal plains lo be deluged with
blood. In 1820, after the ratification of
this ill-fated treaty, Mr. Clay, then Speaker
in the House of Representatives, boldly de
clared that, by the treaty-making power,
ihe President had no authority to cede anv
portion of the American soil In 1825,
this same Mr. Clay, then Secretary m
State under Mr. Adams, who had qot then
been unanimously rejected by theSouthern
States, sought, in the most pressing terms,
to regain this interesting country. Again
in 1827, he renewed the application to
Mexico without success. So, in 1829,
General Jackson's Secretary, Martin Van
Buren, made a similar effort under an offer
of five millions of dollars, with the same
result. 1 hese offers were all made to
Mexico, alihough we then had treaties
rending with Spain, and long before the
latter Power acknowledged the indepen
dence of the former. And yet, strange to
say, this same Mr. Clay, now the Whig
candidate for the Presidency, considers it
neither politic nor safe tp accept of this ve
ry territory, which, in a tormer day, was
of such immense value to the People of the
United Slates. And this same Mr. Van
Buren now considers it a violation of good
faith and of treaty stipulations with Mexi
co, to accept ofa country whose indepen
dence as a nation this Government has re
cognised more than eight years ago, and
which is certainly more independent of
Mexico now than was Mexico to Spain,
when he offered his five millions. I shall
not stop to inquire what strange revelations
have brought about this strange revolution
in the opinions of these eminent men. And
yet, 1 may ask, why is it that we hear the
voice of the Northern Abolitionist raising
ihe cry against Annexation, and the South
ern politician responding to the sound?
Because, forsooth, it may add "other slave
holding States to the Union.' So it
may strike our People with some surprise
to hear it resolved at a great public meet
ing in the great city of New York, "with
out distinction of party" "that Texas
should in no case be annexed without pro
per guards against slavery." Remove
this, and you will hear no more about trea
ty faith, and Mexican war. Texas is now
a slaveholding country, and whether she
continues such, as an independent nation,
or as a State of this Union, can make no
difference with the philanthropist, who is,
in principle, opposed to slavery. What,
then, is the great objection to annexation,
with those who claim and profess to be the
friends of the measure? That it is a viola
tion of our treaty faith, and a declaration of
war against Mexico. I have already shown
that il could not have been so considered
by Mr. Clay, in 1825, nor by Mr. Van)
Buren, in 1829. The question of purchase
men, was tne same towards Spain, as 13
the question of annexation now to Mexico.
Then, we recognised the great principle,
that an oppressed People had the right "lo
ader or abolish, and to institute new Go
vernments, as to them shall seem most
likely to effect their own safety and happi
ness" -that we recognised the Govern
ment existing de facto, discarding the
kingly cant of a Government dejure. But
who fears a war with Mexico? When the
threat was read from the President's mes
sage, at the opening of the present session
of Congress, it excited no other feeling
than that of derision and laughter. If war
we are to have, it will be at the instigation
of England, and of those who now express
their distardly fears, in order to encourage
Mexico to the contest. It is, then, a Brit
ish and an American question, and I well
know on which side the people of Mech
lenburg, Lincoln, Catawba, and the other
counties in your District, will be found.
But it is objected this is a Tyler measure,
and I see it sneerhigly remarked, in the
public meeting to which 1 have referred,
that "it is only a Tyler trick." Now.
whatever may be the feeling with some,
hat nothing, however much for the good
of the country, if coming from John Tyler,
is to be accepted, 1 cannot for a moment
believe our People participat j in any such
feeling. Their patriotism has been cast in
a different mould, and they stand as ready
10 award justice lo Mr. Tyler as to Mr.
Clay, Mr. Van Buren, or any one else.
And here I may be allowed to say, this ne
gotiation orginated with the lamented Up-
hur in the purest patriotism, has been
prosecuted by a Calhoun in a like spirit,
and, as 1 verily believe, sanctioned by
President Tyler wiih motives alike honest
and patriotic. It is also objected, that
IVxas annexation will impair the value ol
our lands if so, which 1 do not admit, it
will enhance the value of labor, and give
security to our property. Such being the 7
objections, you may ask what are the ad
vantages? I answer, it did once belong to
us was purchased and paid for and
though lhat of itself may not give us a right
to take it, it certainly forms a good reason
why we should accept it when voluntarily
offered. It will extend our territory, give
a new impulse to individual enterprise, add
to our markets, increase our exports and
protect our revenue, enlarge our domestic
and foreign trade, and give the blessings of
a free Government to a people in whose
veins runs our kindred blood, and "who
will be with us in peace and war. But
above all, it will give us security. The
Rio del Norieand the Rocky Mountains as
a harrier not to he invaded by any foe.
Shall we then hesitate? If the thing fails
now, it is at an end; and those who talk of
future success, upon any vain promise of
general consent, know they are deceiving
and intend to deceive.
You will ask, then, what is to be done?
I answer, let the friends of Annexation '
as its enemies are doing meet, speak, a '
act. And this brings me to the more -rect
object of this communication. AST"
you know, you were selected as the Dele
gate to the Democratic Convention, and I
was honored as your alternate lhat you
have informed me, that you cannot go, and
have requested my attendance. At that I
time we were required to vote for Mr. Cal."
houn, as thefrst choice of the People ui
that District, for President. Since that
time Mr. Calhoun's name has been with
drawn from the contest, and I have reason
to know he does not wisn to nave 11 revi
ved. It is proper, therefore, that we
should know who is now the first choice
of our People. That choice, if made
known to me, shall be scrupulously adher
ed to, if I be their delegate. Let me not
be understood as intending to intimate that
I, for one moment, suppose our People, or
that I myself, have nol the same high con-
- . . .. J II J
hdence in the aoiiuy ana wen meu painoi- .
ism of John C. Calhoun, as we always had
notwithstanding the atrocious calumny
recently revived against him, of a design to
dissolve this Union, and establish a sepa
rate Southern Confederacy. This thine
is well understood here, as the out-pourings
of a dark and gloomy spirit of revenge, and
of a Satanalian ambition, which seeks to
destroy and break up the Democratic par
ty, unless its own unhallowed ends shall
be accomplished. 1 desire to have a new
expression of opinion from our People, that
it may be known what are their views
lhat old pledges and instructions shall be
revoked or renewed; that the Delegates
ma v be left free to act, or so to act, as shall '
express truly the present opinions of their
people. It is not the nisi occasion on
which I have been placed under deep obli
gations to ihe patriotic people of your sec
tion of the Slate. And I desire to do noth
ing to forfeit this highly cherished confi
dence Hence it is, that I wish them to
know, if I go as their delegate, it shall be
my purpose to select as a candidate a Dem
ocrat, who shall most likely command suc
cess, and who shall be known as a true'
friend te annexation. Whether such aJ
candidate can elected, and whethe$