Whole iYo. 051.
Tarborough, Edgecombe County, J C. Saturday, June 15, IS 14;
f ol. IX. Vc. 24.
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From the Plebei in.
POLK,DALLS AND DEMOCRACY,
tip, Freemen, up! and lvnr on high
The flaunting flg of Libkrty!
Give lo the breeze its' silken fold,
And e;igle crest of burning gold,
Fiashmg in the e aven-bor.n light
That streams from Freedom's mountain
Up, Freedom up! awake, and save
The blood bought right your fathers give;
H.ir.'t thro' the chains Oppression's hand
Would rivet on your native land,
And shield your country's spotless fame
From deep and everlai ir.g hmc.
Up. Freemen, up! the beacon light
From every crag sti earns dear and bright;
From evrv plain, and every hill, t
The trump-Ts blast rings free and shrill,
While echoing notes responsive peak
From every crested mountain peak.
Up, Freem-n, up! eIocup your ranks,
And, as a torn nl burst? its banks,
S'.veep on in sriried, stem array,
'Villi '.v :V till fire ) i in the f.'HV
V"U( h it i'' v, o wil.i an,! !jc
POLK, DALLVS and DEMOCRACY !
Fi .jui ihe Plebeian.
POLK and DALLAS.
' c .. v on high Olympu- throned,
Col'imhia, seeping, prayed:
Oh, mighty Chisf of god and men,
Asi-t inii.e honor'd maid."
Deliver this, ihy favor'd land,
From vile. Pi omethetn ('lay;
And chiefs appoint, of uenius meet
Td light the darken'd way.''
Oiympus shook try? mighty King
Tin- fiai give lo Pallas
The goddess .love'.- behest obey'd
By sending Pulk and Dallas. M.
THE DEMOCRATIC NOMINEES.
GEORGE M. DALLAS.
From the Democrat!" Review, Feb., 1S44. !
Mr. Dallas was born in the city
Philadelphia on the 10th d
1792. He isthe elder son ol
ce.its far every continuance, linger advertise- ring a residence ol more than a year in
ments at tl.at rate per square. Court Orders and Europc Mr. D jj j opportunity of
Judicial Advertisements 'J'. ,er cont. higher. Ad- . 1 ' . a"a5 opportunity 01
vertisements must be marked tlie number of inser-, Visiting Kussia, b ranee, England, Holland,
J. Dallas, one of the most accomplished 0f the applause and confidence of the pco-: the democratic convention of the State light, the views then entertained on the by the constitution ot the United Mr ?s,'
advocates and distinguished statesman j ple of the United States. His son remain-! presented their reasons for the course the? best mode of adjusting . the delicate ques- and of which the assemblages wa's promul
that have adorned the legal profession of cd with him for a time at Washington, to had adopted, is generally understood to tion, so as to save the South from any real gated by the vote of the people before tb
the United States, cr sustained, in impor- assist him in the arduous duties of the have proceeded from his pen; and when, ' injury, end yet preserve from destruction act in question was passed, he . calk-1 to
tant posts of public trust, the principles treasury, and then returned to Philadel- j in November, 1824, the unusually large the labor and pursuits of the northern and the consideration of the Sutc, in an '
and noliev of the republican nartv. He I uhn. to resume, or rather to commence. ' maioritv cf more than thirty thousand ! middle States. When the heightened ex- and eloquent letter, the propriety 6f ex-"
received the rudiments of his education at;
a school in trermantown, anu aucrwartis ai
the Friends' Academy in Philadelphia.
At the age of 14, he was entered in Prince
ton College, and continued there until
1810, when he was graduated with the
highest honors of his class. He delivered
their valedictory address which is still re
i . r.
membered and adverted to in the college from Mr. Dallas, in the outset of his ca- contributed to create the yet stronger con
history as a striking example of feeling, reer at tlie bar, not merely the benefit of . cent.rat.ion of public opinion in favor of
eloquence and taste. Indeed, as a public :
speaker, he gave early promise of that cx-
cellence which has since been displayed i
in many of the prominent situations to
which his talents have elevated him; and more brilliant than his affections were
a published oration, delivered when he warm. Self-dependant, however, he ap
was but seventeen years of ago, and pre-j plied himself with the more ardor to the
served in the Port Folio, strikingly attests the practice of the law; and being appoin
the maturity of his powers. ted, in 1S17, the deputy of the Attorney
On leaving college, Mr. Dallas commen-j General in the city of Philadelphia, he
ced the study of the law, in the office of soon gave evidence of that skill in conduc
es father, at Philadelphia; and although, ting criminal cases which has since always
in the intervals of that severe study, the distinguished his occasional attention to
more attractive forms of literature and po-! that branch' of his profession. When, in
ctry were not unfrequently cultivated, he -the following year, charges were introdu
vet perSo"ercd with unceasing application j ccd inio the assembly of Pennsylvania
in making himst;Jfa thorough master of against Governor Findlay, which resulted
the great principles of the profession of j in a legislntive investigation, Mr. Dallas
which he has since been so distinguished! acted as his counsel; and the the firmness
a member. He was admitted to the bar j and ability which he displayed through-
in 1813 Soon alter the aeciarauun oi
war with England, he had enrolled him
edf in a volunteer, corps; and when, in the
year 1S13, Mr. Gallatin was appointed by
President Madison, a member of the com
mission that repaired to St. Petersburg
for flm iinrnnco rf nniniti.itln.
,W !, .nnKofln,, rtf4l - A,
, . ar-
l""""- mmuouut :ecreiary. JL'U
and the Netherlands
While in England,
connection with Lord Byron
brought him into frequent association with
that great poet, who then, at twenty-five
years of age, was receiving in London the
general and enthusiastic admiration which
the appearance of his two beautiful poems,
the Giaour 2nd the Bride of Abydos, could
not fail to cull forth. It was in conse
quence of a remark of M r. Dallas, upon
the popularity in America of Childe Har
old, and some cf his previous poems, that
he declared in his journal that these were
the first things that ever sounded to his
ears like fame; and tiiat popularity in a far
and rising country, Caused tidings very
different from the ephemeral praises of the
crowd of fashion then buzzing around him.
Through another relative, the humane and
eloquent jurist who was then the chief
justice of the court of common pleas, it
was Mr. Dallas's good fortune to be
thrown, net unfrequently, into the society
of some of those eminent lawyers who
have, by the brilliancy of their genius,
and devotion to philanthropy, made their
profession yet more distinguished than it
was in previous days. Romilly, whose
beneficence flowed in a current so transpa
rent, copious, strong; Brougham with his! with a large portion of his political friends' teresting subject of general discussion was, so fatal a result, by which the Bank of the
far-reaching, inquisitive &undauntedutilita-; in Pennsylvania in a desire that the vote that which made the winters of 1832 and! United States was imposed, by corrupt
nanism; Mackintosh, who could wisely and ' of the Si.ate should be given to Air. Cal-i 1833 more memorable incur legislative and dishonest means, on the pebble of the
kindly apply to the heated actions, and injhoun; and the success with which that' history than any period since the war with j United States, and especially ofPennsyl
thc busy forums of men, the rules of con- statesman had conducted the . administra-j England. The principles on which a rc-j vania, as a State institution. lie lent the
duct which he had deduced in the patient; tion of the War department for the eight: vision of the tariff of duties was to be aid of his influence and talents to resist it
reflections of a guileless life, these were previous years seemed to give a certain made, gave rise, in the former session, to . while he remained at Harrisburg; and on
men whose society, even transiently enjoy- pledge, notwithstanding his comparative warm and long debates, which, in the fol- his return to Philadelphia, awakened his
cd by one much younger, could not fail! youth, of the ability he would display in; lowing one, led to those that involved the ! democratic brethren, in public discussions,
to leave impressions equally permanent,' any executive office to which the voice of serious question of a right of one or more to a full sense of the danger whose near,
useful, and gratifying. j his countrymen should call him. . When, of the States to nullify a law making such Approach had been carefully concealed.
In August, ISM, Mr. Dallas, returned however, the general sentiment of the re- revision on principles that it might regard; The history of that disastrioua measure;
to the United States, bearing the despatch-! publican party throughout the Union ex- as contrary to the provisions of the con-! and the means by which its success was
es from the American commissioners then pressed a desire to confer on tlie venerable stitution. On both occasions, Mr. Dallas 1 achieved, if not yet developed in' all their
holding their sessions at Ghent, which ' patriot who had so long and so faithfully took part in these debates. On the for- j details, are yet generally known. In con
announced the prospects little favorable to maintained their principles in various posts Irrier, after an eloquent pictdre of the situa- sequence of it, the State Was plunged intiS
a speedy peace that are known to have re- of civil trust, and so brilliantly augmented ! tion and resources of the United States, he the long train of disasters from which its ;
suited from the earlier conferences with the glory of his country in . the field of bat-j touched with a powerful, but friendly spi- citizens have not yet been able to extricate
the British envoys. On hh arrival, he tic, Mr. Dallas, with sentiments towards; rit, the various causes to winch, hidepend- themselves, arid of which the effects, ex
found his father transferred from the bar General Jackson in which the friends of eritly cf the policy cf protection generally , tending far beyond their immediate ob
of Philadelphia to the head of the Treasu- Mr. Calhoun in Pennsylvania at once par- j advocated by the northern statesmen, jects, have produced the most deplorable
ry Department a post requiring, in the ! ticipated, took the iead in suggesting that ' might be imputed the distresses that were results on the business, prosperity, and.
complicated state of the finances, and amid! the younger candidate should be present-! supposed peculiarly to affect and injure the even character of the American people,
the pressing exigences of the war, all the 'cd to the American people for the second ': agriculture of the South. Pillowing, then, Even after the shackles had been fixed
resources of judgment and talent for which! office, while the united and harmonious' the course of general opinion, as well as Mr. Dallas was among those who sought lo
he had been already distinguished, but! voice of the democratic party should name, the declared policy cf Pennsylvania, as e- relieve tlie community from so fatal ft
which he was now destined to display
tne city or through a brilliant administration ot two In every measure tnat resulted irom tins turc, ne preseiueu, in a manner nuiuiiui fjiujuiiuLuiivumuu, miuu mc pcupew
ay of July, years, under circumstances and In a man-1 determination, Mr. Dallas bore a promi-. surpassed in force and clearness, by those the State were to meet with every attri
f Alexander jner that secured for him a yet larger share Inent part: the eloquent address in which' who' have treated th's matter in the same bute of original sovereignty net restrained
the actus! practice of his profession an
event that was almost immediately follow-! feeling of the people of the State, there that gloomy epoch in our fraternal annals, ;petrated, and relieving the Common
ed by his marriage with an accomplished ! were few among them whose zeal had been j which was marked by serious discussions ' wealth, by an edict of that body, from all
hdv the dnuo-htcr of Mr. Nickh'n, an em-'more honorably & actively displayed than, on the extent of force that the general go- fraudulent invasions of its' rights, duo
inent merchant of that city.
The death of his father, which occurred
shortly after he retired from the adminis-!
tration of the Treasury Department, took
professional assistance seldom equalled,
but those kind and endearing associations
which could have grown up only in inter-
h one whose senilis was not
out uic nuie jHuuuiiig, la mm
once, bv general consent, in a rank in his
profession that has seldom been attained
by so young an advocate.
It is scarcely necessary to remark, that
the exigencies of a legal life could not
withdraw Mr. Dallas from the deepest in
terest in political topics. Deriving, from
the conduct and counsels of his father, and
from the association of his earliest youth,
as well as those of later years, a strong at
tachment to the principles and views of
the democratic party, he had never failed
to co-operate with his fellow-citizens in
the measures which were calculated to ad
vance them. The more tranquil adminis
tration of Mr. Monroe, succeeding to the
fierce political conflicts which existed du
ring the war with England, did not pre
sent many questions that rallied part' con
troversies on national affairs; but the elec
tion of Governor Heistcr in Pennsylvania
had brought the federal party into power
in that State, after a long period of demo
cratic ascendency; arid no one embarked
with more zeal than Air. Dallas in endea
voring to effect the restoration of the poli
cy which he believed to be essential to a
sound and just administration of the affairs
of the Commonwealth. These efforts re-
suited in the triumphant re-election ot Uo-j
vernor Shultze, the candidate of the demo
But while unanimity, followed by suc
cess, thus attended the course of his pclit-
cal associates in the State, tlie elements of
division among the democracy c'f the ;
Union began td be apparent in regard to
the individual who was 'to succeed Mr.
Monroe. Early personal associations, as'
well as a just appreciation of his distin-j
guished talents, had led Mr. Dallas to unite1
General Jackson for the presidential chair. ;
' democratic votes showed the enthusiastic
his in producing that gratifying result.
! The choice of the House of Representa-
tives having given the presidency to Mr.
Adams, the succeeding four years only
i General Jackson; and when he obtained,
' in 1C28, the suffrages of fifteen States, tho
j majority in Pennsylvania had been increa-
scd beyond filty thousand. It was daring
this interval, that Mr. Dallas received from
the people of his native city an honorable
mark of their confidence by an election to
the mayoralty an office which for many
years past has, in consequence of the usual
ascendency of the federal party, been sel
dom bestowed upon a person of his politi
cal opinions. On theelection cf General
Jackson, he was selected by him as the
chief representative of the executive go
vernment of the tfnion in the same city,
by being appointed to the office of district
attorney of the United States'. To the
same post his father had been appointed
by Mri Jefferson, through the Whole of
whose administration he continued to fill
it, and from that office Mr. Madison called
him to the head of the treasury. His son
occupied that post for a much shorter pe-
riod;.but, in the two years during which j with increasing reputation, and with a de
he discharged its duties," several cases oflgree of approbation and confidence on the
public interest and considerable magnitude i part of the whole community never ex
gave full scope to bis abilities, and contri- cceded, nor often equalled Until the change
buted their share to his reputation as ai in the executive administration oftho
professional man, which each year contin-i
ued to augment.
At length, in the year 1S3!, a Vacancy
having occurred in the representation from' vate life, when he was made the object of
Pennsylvania in the Senate of the United! one of tlie most remarkable proceeding that
States, the legislature selected Mr. Dallas j have ever characterized the political course
to fill that honorable post. Thus, id en-jof the party opposed to democratic princi
tering for the first time a legislative body,' pies during any of the Intervals of their
he found himself in the highest and most j temporary ascendency. Under the pre
important assembly that exists under the j text cf inquiring into the character and acts
provisions of the American constitution.! of secret associations, several of the lead
A new field was given to his talents as ajing members of tlie republican party were
statesman and an orator. Having at the; summoned to Harrisburg in the middle
bar of Philadelphia few equals in forensic; of the winter, and, in defiance of the posi
eloquence, and being perhaps without a tive provisions of the constitution of tlie
rival -certainly without a superior at; State, a right was assumed by a committee
home, on any occosion of public, and espe-jof the legislature to investigate their pri
cially political discussion, he was now re-j vate and social conduct as members of ma
quired to match himself with men trained sonic Societies. Of the persons subjected
by exercise, as well a possessed of distin-jtothis strange inquisition, Mr. Dallas was
guished ability, in a scene which forbade j cue. He obeyed the summons issued tin
the logical precision of a court, and yet j der the apparent sanction of the House of
could scarcely call lortr. or permit the ani-j
rmited current of spontaneous declamation,
so often successfully indulged in thcles3er
assemblages cf his fellow-citizens. His
speeches in the Senate of the United States,
throughout the period that he remained j
there, Were heard with attention that, gave
'evidence of his complete success. Those
j that have been more carefully reported,
display, on a variety of topics, striking po-j
litical views; and they abound with pasa-j
ges of animated eloquence. The most in-i
vinced in the repeated votes oi her legisla-
citcment of the following year produced
vernment might exert upon the opposing
laws of of the States, and the consequent,
actions of her authorities and people, he
sustained that power in the Union which
he believed to be essential to its preserva
tion, and warranted by the spirit and
terms of the contract, but deprecated, in
so doing, every measure not Clearly neces
sary for those objects. On all fiuestions
appearing to involve any differences of
policy or interest among tne States, Air.
Dallas appears uniformly to have leaned
to that course which he deemed most cal
culated, even at some sacrifice, to preserve
the harmony of the whole.
On the 3d of March, 1833, the term ex
pired for which he had been elected to the
Senate. At his own request, his name
was withheld from the legislature as a can
didate for re-election. He was desirous
to return to the bar, from which such an
occupation necessarily withdrew him; and
his doing so was speedily followed by his
appointment to an office, whose duties,
while not unconnected with politics, were
far more in accordance with his profes
sional pursuits. He was selected by Go
vernor Wolf as tlie attorney general of his
native State; and he continued to' hold it
State, by the election of Gdverrior.RitheTj;
of course induced him to withdraw.
Mr. Dallas had scarcely retired to pri-
Kepresentatives, and appeared before the
Committee; but when asked to take the
oath by which he was required virtually to
acknowledge the right 6f instituting an in
quisition so unheard of, into the private
and harmless . conduct, of himself and his
associates, he refused, in a short but most
impressive address, and displayed, in terms
that led to the abortive termination of tlie
disreputable affair, its injustice, illegality,
and folly. He perceived, on this occasion,
the secret operations that soon, ripened to
thraldom, laking advantage ot tne ap-.
jamming ,mto the frauds that had been per-
care being taken to? protect and indemnify
individuals concerned in the institution
from any pecuniary loss.
The political history of the following
winter was marked by the election 6f Mr.'
Van Buren to the presidency; and one of
the earliest of hi3 acts was to offer to Mr.
Dallas the post of envoy cxtraordina-.
ry and minister plenipotentiary to Russia.
In that country he remained till October,5
1839. The only portion of his official
correspondence, while there, that has been
made public, is his discussion with Count
Nesselrode, relative to the territories and
and commercial intercourse of tlie two na
tions on the coasts of the Pacific ocean. It
developes several points connected with"
the rights of the respective governments
on those shores presented with great clear
ness and interest, and destined, no doubt,
at a dav not very distant, to become sub
jects of still more general and minute ex
amination, ihe claims and rights ot tne
Americans are sustained with great ability
and spirit To those objects of inquiry
which, in such a country as Russia, would
naturally attract an intelligent? mind, Mr.
Dallas devoted great attention. Into its his
tory, and a study of the habits manners, -