Whole JYo. 9G0.
Tarborough, Edgecombe County, J c Saturday, July 27, 1844.
Vol. XX. Jb. 30.
The Tnrboroush Press,
Htf Ueorge Howard. Jr.
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From the Ohio Statesman.
ADDRESS TO THE DEMOCRACY.
Flimr out your banners, freemen, now!
Aye, fling them to the breexe;
To no base tyrant's power you bow,
Nor quail to his decrees.
Fling out your banners pure and bright
inscribed with "Liberty!'
For principles alone ytu fight
Hut all should equal be!
For country, home, and altars free.
For justice and foi law,
To vote and worship as men please.
And none to overawe.
These are the mottoes of the band
Who go for Lirsrtv!
Who here have come from every land,
That they might equal be!
UP! then, your banners to the breeie,
Your station's in the van;
You fight for Heaven's just decrees,
The equal rights of man!
No selfish hopes your hearts inspire,
No bigot's zeal controls;
One free resolve, one proud desire,
Swells high in all your souls!
UP! then, our country must be freed,
From persecution's stains;
Her free born sons long since decreed,
That here we forge no chains!
No chains to bend the upright mind,
To fetter reason's will!
No chains man's thoughuor hopes to bind
Or his free spirit kill! AGATHA.
From the Kentucky Yeoman.
GENERAL JACKSON'S LETTER.
We call attention to the patriotic letter
below, from the
Hermitage, June 25, 1844.
Gentlemen: I have had the honor to re
ceive the invitation you were pleased to
address to me on behalf of the democracy
of Kentucky, to be convened at Harrods
burg, on the 1 2th and 13th July next.
The state of my healih making it im
possible for me undertake a journey of
that distance, I can do no more than thank
you for the honor conferred upon me, and
express my regret that I cannot have the
gratification of meeting my democratic
friends on that occasion.
The issues involved in the approaching
presidential election are great and impor
tant, and not the least of them, in. my
judgment, is the question of annexing
Texas to our Union.
On the latter subject, you are aware that
my opinion has been before the public for
nearly two years. It was founded mainly
on the importance of that territory to our
safety in a military point of view; and it
give me pleasure to see thai the meaure
i sustained by the great majority of those
who have examined the subject. But it
appears that opposition to the measure is
sought to be jutified by the supposed right
of Mexico, who yet maintains a quasi
war with Texas to be first consulted.
This opinion has been so conclusively re
futed by your learned Judge Bibb, and
-irtlier able Jurists, that 1 think it has ceas
ed to be a shield for those who oppose the
acquisition of that territory. The opposi
tion at lat will be found to rest on no oth
er grounds than such as have been disclo
sed in the British Parliament, and Mexi
can consent will turn out to be nothing
rnore nor legs than permission from Great
Britain; and this permission, as has been
indicated by Lord Aberdeen, will be with
held, unlcis slavery can be abolished in
This is the itnue question, and it is use
Jess to dtfgyi.se it. S&aJJ the United States
fail to adopt neasurS admitted to be esseu
' ail io her safety, unlej&s he can obtain
fhe consent of Great Britain, who, with
out any authority, or th,e preleqce of any,
becomes a vpjuntary meddler in th . mat
Texas ig as independent of Mexico as
'he United Spates are, and all who know
ihe true conjjitjon of the two countries,
will admit that this independence cannot
be altered, without the interference of for
If the question of the annexation of
Florida or Louisiana to our Union were
reserved for our consideration and action
at this day, England would have as rauch
r,6it to thwart it as she row has the an
nexation of Texas; and she undoubtedly
would exercise the right, if we were timid
or foolish enough to allow her.
Let us not be deceived by false appear
ances. If slavery be an evil, there are
other evils more to be dreaded by us; and
one of these would be unquestionably an
interference with the subject, so far as it is
incorporated with our federal system, by a
foreign government. But is slavery the
evil which England wishes to eradicate?
Do the principles of religion, or the sug
gestions of philosophy, teach her to over
look the starving condition of her own
people, until she can teach us that the rela
tion subsisting between the white and
Dlack races in this country and in Texas
must be changed or modified? It is more
rational to suppose that her highest and
first object would be to feed and clothe her
own people, and that the anxiety of her
statesmen on this subject leads them to
overlook the interest of other nations
while they are advancing that of their
However this may be, let us do what is
right in itself, and necessary to the prolec
lion and security of our free institutions.
The annexation of Texas will do no wrong
to any other nation. It will give our U
nion strength in the same manner that
Louisiana and Florida did so. In the same
manner, also, it will extend our agricultu
ral, manufacturing, and commercial resour
ces. There are other and equally cogent rea
sons in favor of annexation of Texas to our
Union, but 1 have not the time to trace
them here, nor is it necessary. My object
in noticing your reference to the subject
is simply to assure you that I deem it now
worthy of the serious attention of the A
merican people, whose judgment, 1 doubt
not, will be wise and just.
Respectfully, your servant,
Hon. T. P. Moore, and others, Committee.
From the Hartford Times.
THE TEXAS TREATY.
We have heard surprise manifested by
some persons that the Texas treaty did not
receive a stronger support in the Senate.
We take it that a part of the votes, at least,
cast against the treaty, were given for oth
er reasons than those drawn from the
merits of the simple question of annexa
tion. The constitution declares that "new
States may be admitted by the Congress
into this Union." But it does not em
power the treaty-making department of
the government the rresident and sen
ate to admit new States. The question
of unconstitutionality consequently aroe,
and senators very naturally believed that
4the Congress' alone, in accordance with
the provisions of the constittr ion, had the
power to admit Texas. Therefore, they
voted against the treaty, though they were
in favor of the annexation.
We like this provision of the constitu
tion. The Congress, embracing the
House of Representatives, fresh every two
years from the people, is the body to de
cide upon a question involving the annex
ation of territory. The people are thus
made to have a voice in the matter, which
is all important in a gover nment like ours
Even if there were no cons'ituiional ob
jections to the annexation of Texas by trea
ty, we should desire that it might coir.e
before Congress as a public resolve, and
after the people had considered and acted
upon the question. If the people decide
against it, the thing is settled; but if they
favor it. then the question can be maintai
ned with happy u suits, and in a proper
We desire the annexation of Texas. It
i a part of the great Mississippi valley,
and belongs naturally to the United
Slates. Its location, its resources, its in
fluence, are all important to this country:
and especially injurious would it be to the
United States, were another power to gain
a foothold and controlling inuuence in
Texas; in that case a serious blow would
be struck at our revenue laws our home
and foreign markets; and New England,
with the great West and South, would
read the bhter consequences. We say
that we want Texas. The interests of our
people demand that she should be united
to us. But let the people arrange the mat
ter by all means.
Texas owes, probably, some $13,000,
000. She has rich lands to pay with;
those lands ma) be incumbered, but to
what extent we are unable to say. We
see strange rumors about her debt, set afloat
by federal papers for electioneering purpo
ses. Untrue rumors; for they are contra
dictory in themselves. However, the fact
is evident that Texas is somewhat in debt,
but not so deeply as some of the States.
Even if the United States were to assume
her debts, the bargain would not be a had
one, for her revenues, and the advantages
derived from her, under the laws and pro
tection of this nation, would soon recom
pense the outlay. But these are matters
for "the Congress" to inquire into, and we
feel satisfied that they can be arranged sat
isfactorily to the people of the United
States and Texas. We doubt not that Tex
as will cheerfully agree to provide for her
own obligations, and not tax the Union a
cent on account of them, though the ad
vantage of annexation, to the States, will
eventually be to the amount of hundreds of
From the Globe.
The Richmond Enquirer, speaking of
the proposition to hold a southern conven
tion at Richmond, makes some good sug
gestions. It says that
"Before the proposition can be adequate
ly considered, it should be modified in
two material respects first, to change it
from asouthen convention into a conven
tion ofall the States who are favorable to
speedy annexation; and, secondly, to dis
claim, as our correspondent does in his pri
vate letter, every design to disturb the U
nion. The sectional character of those
movements in South Carolina, which
Mr. Calhoun regrets and reprobates, and
to which Mr. McDuffie alluded with con
cern and disapprobation in his speech at
Richmond, have given the whigs a flimsy
apology for screening their obedience to
Mr. Clay under cover of a panic
about the Union. It is necessary,
ther efore, to the success of the movements,
when Virginia comes to consider the pro
priety of her co-operation, that the charac
ter of the convention should be better de
fined, and stript of the objections which
have been urged, and the chimeras which
have been conjured up against it. As soon
as these modifications have been made, and,
perhaps, not HiiV then, will the people of
Virginia consent to advance to the consid
eration of this proposition. They will then,
in all probability, deliberate upon the mea
sure; and if they should determine in favor
ol it, then they will decide upon the best
mode of carrying it out whether by ap
pointing delegates to the Richmond con
vention, or by instructing their delegates
in the Charlottesville convention as to the
course which they think it best to pursue.
For our own parts, we wish to have as lit
tle sectional character about the matter as
possible; and we wish the measure stript
of all fear of dissolution.
"But a convention is one thing the
primary meetings, and their cheering ap
peals to the people of Texas, is another.
Whatever becomes of the proposition for a
general convention, we must not fold our
arms. We hope every democratic associ
ation every county in the State will
speak out at once, and in the most decided
terms, in favor of immediate annexation.
Otherwise, the , 'golden moment may be
lost; and Texas lost to us forever, or recov
ered only by millions of treasure and by
'oceans of blood.' "
Good Most Excellent. Excursion
through the Slave States, from Washing
ton on the Potomac to the Frontier of
Mexico; with Sketches of Popular Man
ners and Geological Notices. By G. W.
Featherstonhaugh, F. R. S., F. G. S.
New York. Republished by Harper &
This is a new and improved edition of
the works of Tiolloppe, Hall, Fiddler,
Dickens, and all the other fortune-hunters
who have visited our shores, to make mon
ey by abusing us in book form, aftelhey
had left our shores. I his fellow' -Was
more fortunate than all his cotemporaries,
and consequently he is superior to them
all in his concentrated abuse and misrepre
sentation. For thirty years he was the re
cipient of the bounty of this Government,
as "United States Geologist,' and as such
pocketed some $ 100,000, for which he
rendered no material service, and is now
exhibiting his gratitude. His book shows
him to be, a sell-sunicient parvenu, ol the
genus, hog the only subject on which he
dilates, knowingly, is eating. His wit is
composed of the provincialisms and vulgar
flash sayings ol the negroes and most igno
rant class in the South, and we believe, if
it was analyzed, the greatest half of his
book would be found to be comprised of
them. He U dreadful severe upon democ
racy, yankees, presbyterians, gambles, and
the South generally, 'and dirty tavern kee
pers in particular. His book is not worth
denouncing every body will read it, and
denounce the author and the English, and
the next puppy that is imported, will
be worshipped as the preceding ones have
been. Portsmouth Old Dom.
The Crops. The Crops both on and
offthe Roanoke have been very promising
he whole of the season. At least three
weeks earlier than the Crops of any previ
ous year to our knowledge.
The late Rains have greatly improved
their condition, though they were suffering
but little; and we may now look upon them
as being made.
Nothing is to be feared now but a Fresh
et or (Just, which we sincerely- hope we
may not have. j
We are informed that the Crops on the
Farms of the Messrs. Burgwyn's, Dever
eux, Johnson, Austin, Long, Day, and'
many others on the River, will yield at,
least a third more than thev did last vear. '
which by the bye, afforded us an abundant
harvest. Halifax Hep.
Good News. A gentleman recently
from Alabama, informs us that the crops
are thriving & the harvest will be abundant.
Respecting politics, he says every body is
for Polk and Dallas in Alabama, and the
same with respect to every body's uncle in
Georgia. tj-. Car.
From the Quincy Herald Extra, of the
THE MURDER OF JOE AND HY
Gov. Ford arrived in this city this mor
ning, u.uch worn down by travel and fa
tigue, having left Carthage yesterday. It
is now certain that only Joe and Hyrum
Smith are killed, and they were murdered
in cold blood. It seems that while Gov.
Ford was absent from Carthage to Nauvoo,
for the purpose of ascertaining satisfactori
ly the strength of the Mormon force, an
exciting mob assembled near Carthage,
disfigured themseves by painting their fa
cts, and made a rush upon the Jail where
Joe and his fellow prisoners were confined
The guard placed by the Governor to pro
tect the jail were overpowered by superior
numbers, the doors of the jail forced, and
Joe and Hyrum both shot. Hyrum wa
instantly killed by a ball which passed
through his head. Joe was in the act of
raising the window when he was shot both
from without and within, and fell out or
the window to the ground. Richards,
whom we supposed yesterday was dead,
escaped unhurt by shutting himself up in a
cell in ihe Jail. Mr. Taylor, the editor ol
the Nauvoo Neighbor, was in the room
with the Smiths, and received three balls
in his leg, and one in his arm. He is not
considered dangerous. Three of the assail
ants were slightly wounded.
It will probably never be known who
shot Joseph and Hyrum Smith but their
murder was a cold-blooded, cowardly act,
which will consign the perpetrators if dis
covered, to merited infamy and disgrace
They have broken the pledge to the Gov
ernor disgraced themselves and the State
to which they belong. They have crim
soned their perfidy with blood.
The Governor has issued orders for the
raising of troops to be in readiness in case of
emergency. This is certainly a discreet &
provident movement. For, although qui
et reigns at present in Nauvoo and vicinity,
the prejudice and excitement is so great, it
is no knowing how soon another outbreak
A press had been set up at Nauvoo, "the
Nauvoo Expositor," which was exposing
the licentious life of Sjnith. He had it de
stroyed, and he then 'declared Martial
Law in 'his town. THejGovernor of Illi
nois demanded the surrender of those who
had destroyed the press, the demand was
resisted, and Smith' "demanded to have
them tried in his own court. Upon
whiclthe Governor, (Ford,) determined
to enforce the laws of the State, and insist
ed upon the Mormons giving up their
arms. On his arrival at Nauvoo the Smiths
surrendered to the Governor and were con
fined in the jail at Carthage, &c
Self -moving Machine Mr. Foster, a
practical mechanic, residing at Oswego, Ti
oga county, N. Y. has, after 20 years of la
bor and experiment, succeeding in man
ufacturing a machine which is self-moving,
and will continue to move until some parts
wear out. The machine is simple, consis
ting of a single wheel; and its movement,
after being started is easy, regular, and un
interrupted. It is "perpetual motion, "in
deed so far as perpetual motion can be at
tained with materials that are not indes
tructible. The model wheel, which the
inventor now has with him is made of
wood, and is about 18 inches in diameter.
It will carry a small block with ease and
(JMr. Faber, the inventor of the talk
ing machine, during a temporary fit of in
sanity at Philadelphia, has destroyed his
wonderful machine. A model, however
From the Raleigh Register.
The Western Floods. We have had,
for some time, alarming accounts of tre
mendous Freshets in the Western waters,
by which death and destruction were dealt
out on all sides. Our latest intelligence
is, that the flood was gradually subsiding.
The water commenced falling on the 28th
of June, and on the evening of the 29th
had fallen about 12 inches. At Lexing
ton, the Missouri had fallen seven or eight
feet, but was not within its banks by four
or five feet. A large portion of the land
in the bottoms (sayi the Lexington Ex
press) is ruined by the heavy depos'ten
of sand for several years at least. The
sand has settled from one foot to five feet
on the lands which were formerly tillable.
A few spots may be excepted. At Lex
ington, several houses were gone, and from
the direction of the current, much damage
was feared. At De Witt, the tops of only
a few houses were visible. Not a solitary
house was left in the bottoms between
Lexington and Weston on the North side.
The Alton Telegraph says that thousands
of acres of corn crop have been swept
away. At Nashville on the Missouri, on
ly seven houses remain in the town. The
papers give accounts of numerous ca-es of
drowning. The loss of life must have
been very considerable, and never can bo
distinctly ascertained. On the 24th ult.
about one acre of land at Lexington, slid
off into the river, carrying on it five dwel
ling or store houses. Full three hundred
persons were encamped on the Bluffs be
yond the American bottom opposite and
above St. Louis many of them in a des
titute condition. The town of Kaskaskia
was from ten to twenty feet under water.
The river has been higher, it is said, by
several feet than it was in the memorable
flood of 1785 An immense number tr
cattle have been drowned. Chester -.-
inundated the stores on the river wctq
full of water. The steamboats ran through
Main street. All the farms below K
kaskia were destroyed. The St. Louis
Republican remarks: It may safely bo
said, that millions of dollars cannot restore
Missouri and Illinois to the prosperous
condition which they enjoyed before thii
flood, and it will require great patience,
forbearance and prudence, to mltigat;, W
any degree, the great calamity."
(yDaniel Thomas, the negro sr". eri
in Hartford for a violent outrage on a Mr.
Ensign, has been bound over for trial by
the Court of Inquiry, in the sum of $1.
000. Daniel Champlain, another negni
arrested on the same charge, was dismis
In Jail. T. C. Lord, keeper of the
Vermont House, at Brattleboro', was
brought before a Justice a few days since
on a charge of selling intoxicating drink
without a license, and after a full hearing,
required to give bail in the sum of 875 for
his annparanrp ar thp npvt f?onntir Pnnrt.
- r i --- j
and although he could, according to the
Phoenix, have obtained a hundred men to
give bonds for him, he refused to recog
nize, and is now "rusticating" in thecoun
tv boardinr house at Npvvfanp.
JJwful and Fatal .Accident. An
event of a most denlnraMp rharntir nn
Tuesday last, startled the citizens of Cen
treville, Anne Arundel county, and threw
a gloom over the proceedings of a day
which had been devoted to an assembly
of both political parties in that town, from
all parts of the county. It appears that in
consequence ot an attempt some time since
to rob the store of Messrs. Arthur Emory
& Co., a young man had slept in it, and for
his.protection a large horse pistol had been
very heavily loaded and deposited in Jhe
store. On Tuesday last a young man tv)ut
16 years of age named Daniel Newn..n,
son of a lumber merchant, a wealthy & most
highly esteemed citizen of that place, be
ing in the store, took up the pistol, and on
doing so was warned not to touch it, as it
was very heavily loaded. He remarked,
however, that it was not primed, and on at
tempting to cock it, found it too firm to
yield; he then turned the muzzle towards
his person, and pushing the cock back with
his thumb, itsuddently gave way, his hand
slipping, the contents were discharged,
the whole load in one solid mass entering
his body and lodging in and about the liver
He exclaimed, ! am shot." and rushing
forward toward the door, where he was
met by Mr. John N. Denning, who had
been attracted by the noise, and sunk in
his arms. A physician was immediately
summoned, and as soon as he had examined
the wound, he was asked by the young suf-
lerer, "Shall I die, Doctor tell me shall I
die?" Mr. Denning begged the doctor to
tell him, and he was accordingly informed
that he would die in a few minutes. The
unfortunate youth immediately addressed
himself to prayer, in which he continued
until he expired within fifteen minutes after
the accident. The deceased was commit
ted to the tomb at two o'clock yesterday
afternoon, the funeral being attended by
an immense concourse of people from all
parts of the county. Baltimore Sun.
Heavy Damages for Libel Mr. Rust,
of Syracuse, nas recoverea w,auu against
James Watson Webb, Esq , of the Courier
& Enquirer, for the publication of articles
in the Courier, at the time of the robbery
of Pomeroy & Co's Express, implicating
Mr. Rust in that transaction. Mr. Webb
is now in Europe, and made no defence at
the trial. It tp presumed that he will ap
peal from the decision of the Syracuse jury,
to a higher tribunal.