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From the Young Hickory.
THE CH ARGE OF TORYISM.
An immense mss meeting ofth Demo
cracy of the Old North Slate, was held ;i'
Mecklenburg, or. the 23d nit., at which up
wards of ten thousand of her hardy yeoman
ry were present. The assemblage was ad
dressed in a most eloquent and impressive
manner by Hon. George C. Dromgoole of
Virginia, and Hon. R. M. Saunders The
latter gentleman went into a thorough and
searching investigation of the Whig charge
of Toryism against Capt. Ezekiel Polk,
and proved us utter ra.suy. we copy
from the "JtlTersoman
"I come now to speak of a matter con-
nected with the family history of Col. Polk,
a nutter to which 1 refer with pride, as it
enables me to remove a foul slander which
our opponents have sought to fix upon the
character and good name of a patriot and
soldier of the Revolution. This duty I
discharge with the more pleasure, as those
who have revived this fonl slander have
made a reference to some remarks of mine
in the Baltimore Convention, as the pre
tence for the revival of their base charge
When 1 referred to the fame of Col. Polk,
being born iiythe county of Mecklenburg,
where, in May, 1775, had first been pro
claimed the Declaration of Independence,
that he Was a descendent of those who had
participated in that glorious and daring act,
1 did so more with view of giving eclat
to a transaction ,of which our Stale had been
and still is justly proud, than of adding any
thing to. the merits and claims of Col.
Polk; for with us "nothing is more true
than the couplet of the poet:
"Honor and shame from no condition rise;
Act well your part there all the honor lies."
Little did 1 think, by a reference to this
act, that I was giving our opponents any
ground for reviving a charge which ii i
scemed they started when Col. Pull; was J
firsta candidate for Govtrnor in the State!
of Tennessee, But 1 proceed to the charge j
and the proof. It v. as first charge:! that J
Samuel Polk, the father of James K. Polk, J
was a lory. This charge was met with the I
fact that Samuel Polk was a boy at the!
cloe of the Revolution that he had been
a Republican and supporter of M r. JeftVr-
son in 1S00, and had lived and died with i
the reputation of an honest man and faithful poncnts claim to hold in Such high respect
citizen. The Charge is next made against ( the soldiers of the Revolution, it is to be
the grandfather, Ezekiel Polk, long since hoped they will admit our candidate was
Ushered to the grave of his Revolutionary ;e ititled to the honor of hearing the name
associates. Hut th ink? be to a kind Provi- iofastrue a Whig as existed irt the days
dence, there still survives the proof to res-i that tried men's souls. I read the slate
cue the name of the soldier from the fuul'menl nf David Dobbins a soldier of the
aspersion of the political slanderer. We j Revolution, as to the services of Capt.
are taught even bv the h' athen "de mor- .lame s Knox, the grandfather of Col. Polk
tuis nil nisi bimuni" but these political
vultures of our day have less char ity than
the heathens, and gladly devour the charac
ter of the dead to answer the unwholy pur
poses of the living. I shall not trouble
you with a rcferance to what has been of
lered in support of Ihis charge, further
than to say the affidavit of the old man re
JieJ upon, loe not sustain the thd charge of
toryism. Asking prolcciiC" ' thc
vmrcr lor wnc, cnticircn, and propcity
ssatnst the savairc assaults, and the .dood-
thirsty ravages of the tories themselves,
was certainly not taking sides against the
country, rely not upon the insufficiency
of the proof in support of the charge, but
proceed lo offer the conclusive and tri
umphant testimony in refutation. The
fu st proof to which I refer is the affidavit of
i.aptain .lames Jack, taken in isu, wnen
there existed no motive for misrepresenta
tion, and which was taken at the time for
the nurnose of nemetuating the testimony
ir -nnortof the fact of the Declaration of
nd " n'ence CI zutn may. i o v,aH..
Jack not onlv" wslai.d through life a fair
rW,r,,t.. I,t ih.S atUUav'il was orig.uuny
published under the authority of the Gener
iiecu.,nr,uwiaiA nd is thc highest
PA-hlPHPo in ennnrt. nf the authenticity ol
thfi riprlira1 inn. 1 trust no one huvmg any
regard for the honor and character oir the
State will dare impeaph the strongest nnu
in the chain of proof in support of our
claim to being ihe first to throw off the Hrit
ih yoke, and proclaim our independence
w nation. 1 read from the printed doc-
ument.page 16, letter C, with certificate
The next proof I ofre'r, is a commission
ol Ezekiel Polk, of a Captain of Rangers,
as granted by the civil authorities of South
Carolina, in pursuance of resolutions of the
Provincial Congress. The authenticity of
tltio 1 i . t m Ar4 I. I I .
uiiju.iniiiiciii is ueyonu question; and it
establishes the fact of Capt Polk's feelings
of that day, as one of the principal duties
enjoined upon him in his corhniand of the
Rangers, was the destruction of the Tories.
It shows the confidence reposed in him as
an enemy of the very band with which he
is now accused of associating. Thirdly,
is the letter of the eldest son of Ezekiel
Polk, who had preserved the original com-mis-ion
"ranted his father-, as aort of fam
ily relic: not, as he supposed, Ho save 'the
character ot hH venerated parent from the
tongue of the slanderer, but as a proud tes-
nmuniai ol the patriotism of his ancestor.
Fourthly, ihe affidavit of Geo. Alexander,
who speaks from personal knowledge, and
who, upon his oath, pronounces the charge
to be false. As to the protection to which
he speaks, those who know any thing ol
the ravages which followed the downfall of
Ch irleston. when the enemy overrun 'the
country with the sword of death and the
torch of conflagration, will not be surprised
thai one who had been So active in rousing
the Tone's should have l;een farced, for a
time, to save his wife, children, and pro
perty, from an enemy more cruel and vin
active, than ihe savage himself. If this
,nan,e Capt. Polk a Tory, so was the brave
and gallant Col. Havne a Torv. lie fell a
victim and a martyr to British cruelty as a
'captive, alter having )een forced to entreat
their protection, when every thine was
gloom and despondency. 1 now turn in
support of this proof to my venerated
friend by my side, Gen. Me.Leuy, now
more than 80 years old, but of sound and
accute memory, who hims'clf was an actor
in the Revolution; was one who nu t Corn
wallis as he marched ihiough this county,
and aided in capturing the provisions in
tended for the support of his army a wor
thy citizen of high character, whom you
have often honored as your Senator in
your State Legislature. I am authorized
by him to say, which I now repeat in his
presence, and in your hearing, that he
knew Capt. Ezekiel Polk during and after
the close of the He vol u iron that he then
knew him as an active Whig that he was
at all tinres esteemed and respected as such,
and that he never heard him charged as
being a lory until he saw the charge in
the dirty sheet catted the Charlotte Jour
nal, printed in this town. 1 ask you,
then, whom you will believe; this venera
ted man, whom you have at all times de
lighted to honor, or the foul tongue of the
slanderer? And here I Itave the proof,
with the fact that Ez''kiel Polk, like Colo-
ncl W illiam Polk, and otherstif his family,
was at all times after the close of the Rev-
olutimi oteemed and respected in this
county of his residence as a Soldier and a
I come now, fello v-citizens, to speak of
another ancestor of Col. Polk, the grandfa
ther oh the maternal side of his familv
one whose fame tile tongue of slander has
not as yet dared to assail. And as our op
on the mother's side, whose name he
bears. Oihers here recollect Capt. Knox,
and stand ready to confirm the statement
of D.;bbins, but confirmation is not deem
ed necessary, as none will be! daring enough
to gainsay it. 1 might add the name and
services of Gillespie to establish the claim
of Col. Polk's ancestors to the honor of
Revolutionary patriots, but I forbear, and
will only add, as his grandfather, an honr'
blacksmith, contributed his serV';.cs in es j
tablishing our independence, anil the haj
,7.mcot gove-.nment under whicn we
now live, so let it be bur bride as Demo
crats, and as independent voters, lo contri
bute our mite in honoring the nameot the
ancestors, by placing JAMES KNOX
POLK in the proudest station ol the world.
And so, Democrats, let it be. Received
with great applause and the liveliest appro
bation. EVIDENCE SUBMIT? ED BY GEN.
Capt. Jack's Certificate.
As taken from the documents as published
under the order of General Assembly;
at the session of 1830-'31. Page 16,
'Having seen in the newspapers some
nippp.o resnectintf the declaration of ihde-
oendencc by the people oi lviecKicuuuig
county, in the Slate of North Carolina, in
May J77 and being solicited to state
what I know of the transaction, 1 would
observe, that for some time previous to,
time those resolutions weie;
fi, 1 resided in the town of
oudi I'jiit;, mecKienuurgcounty, was privy
to a number of meetings 6f s6me of the
mdst influential and leading characters of
that county on the subject, before the fi
nal adoption of the' resolutions, and at
the time they were adopted. Among
those who appeared to take the lead, may
be mentioned Ilezektah Alexander, who
generally acted as "charrman, John
McKnitt Alexander, as secretary, Abra
ham Alexander, Adam Alexander, Major
John Davidson, Colonel Thomas rViA',
EZEKIEL POLK, Doctor Ephraim Bre
vard, Samuel Martin, Duncan bcheltree,
William WillsOn, Robert Trv'in."
When the resolutions Were finally agreed
6n, they were publicly pro'claimed from
the court-house door, in the t6w"n of Char
lotte, and received with every demonstra
tion of joy by the inhabitants.
"I was then solicited to be the bearer of
the proceedings to Congr ess. 1 set out the
following month, (say June,) and in pas
sing through Salisbury, thc general couit
was sitting;, at the request of the court 1
handed h copy of the resolutions to Colo
nel Kenhon, an attorney, and they were
read alotid'in open cfcurt. Major William
Davidson, and Mr. Avery, an attorney.
called on meat my lodgings the evening
after, and observed, they had heard of but
one person, (a Mr. Beard,) but approved of
I tlfen proce'eded 6n to Philadelphia,
and delivered the Mecklenburg declaration
of independence, ci May, 1775, to Richard
Caswell and William Hooper, the 'delegates
to Congress from the State of North Caroli
41 am now in'the eighty-eighth year of
my age, residing in the county of Elbert,
in the State of Georgia. I was in the rev
olutionary war, from the commencement
to the close.
"I would further observe, that the Rev
erend Francis Cummins, a Presbyterian
clergyman, of Greene county, in this State,
was a student in the to wn of Charlotte at the
time of the adoption of the resolutions, and
is as well, or perhaps better acquainted
with the proceedings at that time, than any
man now living.
"Colonel William fcolk, of Raleigh, in
North Carolina, was living with his father,
Thomas, in Charlotte, at the lime I
have been speaking of, and although then
too young to be forward in the business,
yet the leading circumstances I have rela
ted cannot have escaped his recollection.
'Signed this 7th of December IS 19, in
Jok Weston, 'C. C. 0.
James Oliver, Alt. at Law.
The following is a literal and true conv
. O 1',
of the Original commission of Carjt. Ezeki
el Polk, of the Revolution, viz:
In pursuance of the resolutions ot the
Provincial Congress, we do hereby certify
that EZEKIEL POLK, esq , is second
Captain in ihe Regiment of Rangers in the
Dated the eighteenth day of June, 1775.
THOS. HEYWARD, Jr.
VVM. H. DRAYTON,
HtNRY LA WRENS;
The following is a copy or a letter of
William Polk, now a citizen of Arkansas'.
He is about seventy years old; and is the
eldest surviving son of Cdpt. Ezekiel
Polk; , . .
. Sept. 15, 1S40.
liear Sir: Voiirs bt" August 27 has come
to hand this day, and 1 forthwith comply
with your request. The commission
which Maj. Bills referred ybii to, in my
hands, I have preserved, and riovv enclose
it herein; (after taking a cdpy of it,) and
forward it to you. cah'riot believe for a
moment tliat such malignant, fabricated
calumnies, is, or ever will be, believed.
Knowing, as I do, the high standing of
bur lather amongst the other soldiers of the
Revolution, during the whole bf his resi
dence in North Carolina. Arid there is
no man at this time more venerated than
old Capt. Ezekial Polk, both for his patri
otism, uriwavlng Democratic principles,
his talents, and stern integrity. 1 think
it was riear the close of the Revolution that
he arid Col. William Polk obtained a Col
onel's commission, (both about the same
time,) which title he ever after bore.
With high respect, your POLK.
The following is a literal and true copy
of Capt. David Dobbins' statement, ahigh-
and 31 trie
ly and respected sol&er of the Revolution, .ty
who at the period of lift tleaih
and for ma-j
ny years previous, received a pension from
"State (if Kentnckp. Graves Vouhfi.
I, David Dobbins-, a citizen of Maury
Count', from about tlie year 1866, up to
Nov. 1S-40. when I removed t6 this State,
do hereby certify that I was during ihe
Revolutionary war a citizen of North Car
olina, Rowan county": 1 served as a sol
dier in the Revolutionary war, and was en
gaged in active service three months in
1775, (in the Snow campaign) as a private
in Capt Cowen's cbmpanv, and .Col.
Lock's Regiment, tihder Genl. Rutherford,
who was commander in that campaign. 1
also served three months in 1776 against
the Cherokee Indians, in Carbt. Bill's com
pany, Col. Lock's Regiment and undei
Gen. Ruiherfi'rd commander. In. the
spring of 1777. I "served three months un
der the "s ;me officers also in the fall of the
same year I commenced "serving a nine
months camp dgn in the regular Service,
in which 1 acted as Orderly Sergeant in
aptain Cowen s company, Colonel I hax
lon's Regiment, General Davidson com
mander, which campaign terminated in
177S. In 176. 1 served 'three mdnths in
South Carolina a a private in tTe horse
company of Cap. Simmons, under Maj.
Mabury. commander. In 17&1, I served
j ten mouths as Lieitenant in CajSt. Alekan
hler'5 Horse' Company and Col. Wadt
Hampton's Regiment under Gen. Sampler
commander. 1 do further certify, that 1
was engaged in Vh e bailie o!f Saluda against
the 1 n'd i nf. s and S c ofe I iies , a I so To r ies . I n
'he snow campaign 1 was alsb engaged in
several skirmishes l)u'ringlhe campaign
agaiifst the Cherokecs in 1776, in I77s.
I was engaged in severaPsVirmishe's and in
the battle ofStono in 1 779 I was engaged
in several skirmishes, and in 17bl, in the
seige of ninety-six, in the battle of Eutaw
Spring", and at the taking of several British
forls, &c. I do fun her certify that ,1 was
well acquainted 'with Capt. James Knox
(of Rowan county at the commencement
of the war, and afterwards of Mecklen
burg, North Carolina) who was the grand
father on the maternal :ide of James Knox
Polk, the present Governor of Tennessee.
1 know that Captain James Knox was as
good and true a Whip; of the Revolution as
breathed, and was actively engaged in the
snoxV campaign; he was Captain of a militia
company, and I believe was a brave, pSlri
otic and true soldier in the service of his
country during the Revolutionary war.
Capt. Knox was a blacksmith by trade.
He was by all who knew him esteemed an
excellent officer, a gallant soldier and an
honest man. Ca'pt. Knox had six brothers
who were also engaged in the Revolution
ary war, and Were all eSteenied firm pstri
ots, excellent soldiers and honest men
One of them served as Captain in the regu
lar Service for at least two years, and was
under Gen. Washington in ihe battles of
Germaritown, Brindywine, &c.
Signed. DAVID DOBBINS."
Graces Ccufify, Kentucky.
do Wrcby certify that David Dobbins
this day personally appeared before me,
James K Fair, a Jdstice of the Peace for
the said cbuntyj and wfl3 sworn' that ihe
above certificate was true. Given under
my Hand this 2d day of April, lS4t.
(Signed) J. K. Atm, J. P.
I, John Anderson, Clerk of ihe County
Court bf Graves COuniy iri the State nf
rv'pnthrL-v lrnhi, rPHift, that J K
Farr, whose name is signed to Ihe foregb .I?,1.'1 Jnkhn, Howard county, . ..souri.
ing certificate, is now arid was at the time Ul9 fdlhe,r grandfather, and Uncles., -ere
of signing the same, a Justice of ihe Peace jmcn of high standing arid respeciab y.
lor l ie County and State aforesaid. IJUIV
commissioned and (qualified as such, and
authorised to administer oaths.
In testimony whereof I have hereun-
n to subscribed my name and affixed
' my seal of office, this 3d day April,
ib4l. JNO. ANDERSON.
The following is a trlie copy of trie State
ment of George Alesdridcr, viz:
" Panola Count ft . Miss , Mrth 25, 1840.
Statement bl 6eorge Alexander concern
ing the life arid character of ihe late Col.
Ezekiel Polk, formerly of Mecklenburg
county, North Carolina; during the Revo
lutionary war: . .
I was acquainted with Col. Ezekiel Polk
from the time he came to Mecleoburg coun
ty frbm South Carolina. I always under
stood that he was an officer in the South
Carolina Rangers, together with Col. Wm.
Polk, who was an officer under his uncle
F.zekiel Polk. This regiment of rangers
performed a campaign and dispersed the
tories at Ray burn's Creek, where Col.
Wm. Polk was wounded. This was called
the snow campaign. After this, William
Polk (as soon as he could be brobght with
safetv, not having recovered from his
wounds) rerhoved tb Mecklenburg county,
N. Carolina, 1 think about the year 1778,
where my personal acquaintance com
menced with him, it being also an intimate
t- i i i i. i
lamong thc citizens of Mecklenburg coup. -
one. r rom my Knowieqge, ne siouu inu
He then farmed in MccklcnbnrS
county and accumulated property there
vnen iorn wains overrun the country in
I SO and came to Charlotte, after Gates'
defeat there were ho regular organized
troops in the field, and llv? tbuniry was.
overrun, it was my understanding that
then, in order to save his property from,
distruction, he, together with others, took
protection from 'Corn wall is. When Corn
wall is left Charlotte for the South he, Eze
kiel Polk, removed his properly from Corn
wallis' protection,, a part of which was ta
ken by CornwalhV troops, when be Eze
kiel Polk, was crossing the Yadkin. He
went from there to Pennsylvania and re
lurned in the summer of 17SI. That ha
was a tory, Or acted any wise for, or with
he British, I consider a slander against
him and to be false. He stood high among
the citizens of Mecklenburg county.
(Signed) GEORGE ALEXANDER.
Fiendish Slct. The Richmond Star
Says tha the train between Weldon and
Petersburg on Thursday niht, when hear
Pleasant II ill V. 0., met an obstruction
upon the rails in the shape cf a large sill,
placed there by some villain, which threw
off the engine, tender and mail ear, into
the ditch. On Saturday evening while
leaving Weldon, another sill Was found up
on the track, 'about two hundred yard
from the depot, but fortuatXily, the slow
rate at which the engine was moving pre
vented any seriouh damage.
Giirilf. They are growing a giant in
Coxackie. in New York, who proin'M
to overtop all competition in this country
or Europe. His name is Nathan Lamp'-
man, and he is sixteen years old, weiliin
19S pounds, standing at this time 7 net I
inch in height, and growing Hike mad."
He is described by Dr. Smith a as a great
tall, awkward, good natured, sixteen year
old boy." He is believed already to have
the longest legs on ihe continent, and hai
actually grown nine inches ihe last year
He is an ambitious youth, aud has a great
desire to outgrow all creation; an aspiration
likely to be reached, for he has good health
and good habits. The doctor . thinks he
will reach at least another foot, and on,
the whole we have a very god d prospect oi
raising an "Empire" Giant.
An innocent man hung by a Mob
Under this caption ihe Paris (Mo.) Mercu
ry relates some curious particulars connec
ted with mob laio. Some years since, Mrv
Jarries Barnes, son of Aquilla Barnes bif
Missouri; Was hung by a hibb ih Arkan
sas, because he was suspected oif having
murdered the Wright family," in bh'iiof
the counth s of that State. Barnes to thd
very last asserted his irinbeehee, but thfci
mob were inexorable, and he was hanged
by them, it ndw appears from i statement
in the Van Buren (Arkansas) Intelligencer;
that the real murderers have been found,
and are in confinement At Fayelteville id
l hat State. There are three of ih'em, bv"
thc names bf Star and Reese; and they nr&
said to have frequently boasted of the
crime: they will be convicted, it is said, oii
the testimony of many witnesses to thesri
confessions. But their conviction will hot
restore the idribbent man to life, nor save
his murderers from the slings of remorsi
lor sj cruel an act. The editor of the Mer
cury says that the news of Barnbs's inno
cence is truly gratify inj to llim Kfor we
personally knew Aquilla Barnes, &uJ the
uarnes mmiiv, iweniysix yearapo, at
v ' "
kilUlk.ll Jk VIIllOl. ilUVY pdilllUI It
must have been to his father and mother;
the wife of his bosom, with her helpless
babes, and his relatives, to be thus depriv
ed cf his society; and to think; too, that
a mob hung him wilhobt judge or jury;
under ihe chargb of murder thus blast
ing his fame, and putting a stain updri his
poor little children, his unoffending; wife
his aged father and mother, together wiiK
his brothers and sisters, his friends and
relatives. St. Louis (Mo.) Repubiicdri.
Returning. The St Lbus Republican
mentions the arHval at that city of a steam
boat from St. Joseph's Mo. having bri
board two hundred passengers many tit
whom wpre driven from their homes by
Ihe flood, and are returning to tlib old
States, from which they originally emigra
ted; many of them having lost all their
Methodist Episcopal Church itt the
United Slates Nett increase in 1S43,
102,s21. Whole number of communi
cants in the United Stales, at the present
time, 1,171356. It is said that this is
more than all the baptists, Presbyterians,
and Episcopalian.!, united.
fjpMr. Crane, of Newark, N. J.,?has
invented 'a hew clock, which will rur
l - months without winding