Tarborough, Edgecombe County, .V. IVSfilHretay'brvittbcr 1, 3 811.
rw. jtx Vo. 40v
The 'FarJuiroiish Press,
13 Y GeORGE H'OWARP, Jr.
s published weekly at Wo A)rs nor year,
vAi.l in advance or. Two Dollars and Fifty
Vents at the expiration of the subscription year.
Subscriber! are at lilierty to discontinue at any
time on jivisr notice thereof and paying arrears.
Advertisements not exceeding a sejuare will he
inserted at Out Dollar the first insertion, and 25
cents for every continuance. Longer advertise
ments at that rate per square. Court Orders and
Judicial Advertisements 03 percent, higher. Ad
vertisements must he iu rked the number of inser
tions required, or they will be continued until
otherwise directed, and' charg-. accordingly.
Letters addressed to the IMitor must be post
jaid, or they may not be attended to.
Our Country, Liberty, and God.
David Fulton, Editor.
AhFiiED L Pkice, Printer.
Terms ?2 50 if p.iid in advance: F3 00
at the end of thre month"; S3 50 t thr
expiration of the year. No paper dis
continued until all arrearages are paid,
except at the option of the publishers.
R""B"AVINfl hern induced, at ihe solicila
tionofsomeof the members of the
Democratic party, to take charge of the
Republican Press in this place, we will
hereafter, on every Friday morning, issue
a Democratic paper, under the above title,
at the office of the late " Wilmington Mes
senger." in the town of Wilmington."
As we have given a brief outline of the
principles the "Journal1 will advocate in
our first number, we think it unnecessary
again to reiterate the political doctrines it
will be our constant and earnest endeavor
to inculcate. On the present occasion,
therefore, we will merely state, that the
"Journal1 will be tbe uncompromising
opponent of each and every 'dink" in the
whole of tbe "great chain" cf Whig mea
sures a United States Hank a Protective
Tariff the Bankrupt Act Internal Im
provements by the General Government,
&c. &.c. While on the other hand, it will,
so far as our humble abilities will enable
us, be the firm friend and supporter of the
Constitution as it was left us by our fath
ers; anil of a strict construction of that
Lot stitution, thereby ensunnir the rights of !
to. i i ' r ,
the several htates which compose Confcd-h
eracy. liut we
ijui going into cerais. it wou tl be a:
. , , . ' , " .
needless tax upon the reader s time. Suf-
fioe it to sav.
, .., ... ,
'. that the "journal'1 wjll bt a
Dkmockatic papkk, and wdl .hvays ad-;
. -uuut,.lw. -m. ...ucuui.
, . , ,., ...
Although the -KZ-udlpeapo-.
ht.cal paper, yet ,n ord.-r that it may also
be agreeable to the general reader, its col -
umns will LMwavsbe open to such items of
J I ' "",J u' ,
Farmer, tbe Merchant, the Mechanic, &c.
Agriculture, Trade, the state of the Mar
kets, &c, together with a slight ir!;iiirn at i
,-. .. ' " . ,, " .
We hope we will not ho considered too
"personal in our remarks" when we offer
a lew suggestions to our Inrnds touching
,i . . . ' . f
tne necessity there exi-ts for keening on
r. . i . . ' .......
ioih a i;cmocratie jirc.s in llic lownot il
niington. In the first place, Wilmington is a place
of the greatest commercial importance of
in the State: it is situated in a Demo
cratic district : there is a great deal of in
tercourse carried on by the citizens of the
lower portion of the State with this place,
and consequently a Press here would be
calculated to do as much good, in diffusing
information, as perhaps at any other point
in the State. Again, there arc, wc believe,
three Federal to every one Democratic pa
per in the State, and this we feel confident,
the reason why North Carolina placed a
hig in her (iubernaioi ial Chair at our
ft cent election: for we feel assured that it
nly requires a fair comparison to be insti
led between the policy of the Federal
and Democratic parties to ensure for the
''Her the most triumphant success. Well
n,)w, it is impossible for a Press to be kept
"P unless our friends will patronize it by
Ascribing themsel ves and inducing others
t0 "go and do likewise." For, gentle rea
' (;r, we suppose you arc aware, and if you
e not, we will tell you, that Printers and
Editors are so far like other mortals that ii
Squires something mere than air to feed
J'ld kmd wishes to clothe them. There
ope, we hope that every Democrat, into
ose hantls )is proj!pectus may -af wi
he can to insure the success ot the
''Journal' lhe cause of Democracy.
Viininion, N.C., Sept. 21, ISM.
Long ago! Those words how thrilling
Come they with their murmur low"
The spirit's trDublcd waters stilling,
With their music "Lornr 30. "
Memory's long deep-hoarded treasure
niing tncy to the spirit's light;
tysof yore with dreams of pleasure,
Hushing back upon the sight.
Long ago! Those words of sadness,
Bringing, through ihe mists of years,
Visions of departed gladness;
Ne'er forgotten sighs and tears.
Dreams of youth and thoughts of flowers,
Fading, but surpassing sweet;
Skies, where brightly fled the hours,
Never more the ight to greet.
Lorjm ago! Those words how dearer
Far than others we may know,
When they briny; our spirits nearer
To the loved of long ago.
The key-note of a measure, filling
All the heart with harmony;
The discord of the present stilling;,
Calming all its troubled sea.
HOPE AND FAITH.
liy Mrs. L. G. Barber.
Hope on! though sorrows haunt our path
And darkness shadowy walks beside
Oh 1 hope, and we shall see at length
The sunlight brightening far and wide.
Have faith that evil days mnst end,
That heaven stcs not with blinded eyes;
So hopes-hall bear us up through life,
And faith redeem us to the skies!
From the Louisville Democrat.
PROTECTION TO LA 11 Oil.
The pretence of the tariff men that their
system raises the wages of labor, is mathe
matically and demonstrably false.
Their are four millions of laborers in
the United States. To raise their wages,
even 121 cents per day, would require the
bum of one hundred and fifty millions of
dollars annually. Now the total amount
of the private properly in the United States
is about five thousand millions. And the
nett income of all this property consisting
of rents, interests, dividends, &lc. cannot
exceed three per cent, which would
amount to the one hundred and fifty mil
lions only, per annum. So that it would
n1 . .u i
rfy l"u Union to raise the wages, by
,0i , . u . ir ,i rJ?
: IV 1 rent tier tlftv. It Ihrri'fflVn ivi.
gf-2 were raised in that manner, dividends
- - J " J ' ' " "
, . , , . i
and income Irom property would be des-
, i v . . . , , . i
iroycn. i ei we see mai nouoi Liawrencc,
v,i i .,i., i
lacturi xvAs at lhc norlllf avc lheir
iduum i i j ' j ii'iuu, iiuu imn.i lait; iiianu-
(iiviliends m colton min lucU increased
f r . tr. on , ...
Trorn G to 10, 20, ;40, and even 40 per
lfthcir n lhe doea 'not
: be Jj of ,ab wh
.L' ti .....k ;,. n .r
i . i n u i t
L hor. hvpii at. I-mvcII. nave sp.irfp.lv ippm
: enhanced at all, It is only the dividends
of the mill owners that have been protcct-
'ed to enormtiy. And to swell those divi-
. ... J . . . . .,
(lenos, uie propenv ana unor o; tne west
anrl south liaVp. iwv.n n nnderpo. ami thp;
(plunder has been effected by the two-fold
process of r.iising the prices of cotton and
mill fabrics, ami reducing the value of farm
i i . i i, .1 r . i - 1
anil plantation produce. Doth of which
, . . ( 1
iui.ni; uuvii uuiiv
From the Huleigh Star.
The Methodist Church. The question
of division between the Northern and
Southern portions of the Methodist Epis
copal Church, on account of the difficulties
growing out of Slavery Question, contin
ues to be agitated. The plan of division
finds general favor at the South, while in
some of the Northern and Middle Slates,
it meets with a firm opposition, and seems
likely to fail, if for no other ibason, for
want of the constitutional majority of
three-fourths of the travelling preachers.
The Illinois Conference, at its late session,
passed a resolution strongly deprecating
the measures, and advising the Bishops
(the other Annual Conferences concurring)
to call a General Conference, to meet on
the first Monday in May, 1846, to take in
to consideration the present state of the
Church, to review the acts of the late Gen
eral Conference, and if possible provide for
the continued unity and tranquility of the
Methodist Episcopal Church.
A New Magnetic Telegraph. There
is at present exhibiting at the Mechanics'
Institute, New- York, what is called an
"Electro Letter Printing Telegraph." the
invention of Mr. R E. Houe of Philadel
phia, Lecturer on Electricity. This ma
''Chine is very simple in its construction.
and in the application of that powcriul
agent. It consists of a small box about 1 S
inches by 12 in length and width, and as
deep as long, in which is placed the baltn-l
ry. It is intended that a box shall be pla-j
ced at each of the points, to and from'
which communication is to be held; and'
which oi course are connected by what is
scientifically called a circuit. I
Mr. House has been upwards of three!
months occupied with this ingenious inven
tion, which promises Very beneficial re
sults to mankind, and has expended in per
fecting his discovery at least S600. It
may be worthy of remark, that two copies
are taken at the same time, say one in
New York and one in Boston, the impres
sion being made simultaneously at eae.h
place, by the operation of this beautiful
Providence Theatre fiurnt. Doct.
L'lrdners Philosophical Apparatus,
and ftiisscll's Planetarium Destroyed.
The Providence Theatre was consumed
on Friday rooming, the 25th ultimo. The
(ire broke out about one o'clock. The
building had been occupied the evening
previous by Dr. Lardner, who delivered
there the last of his course of scientific lec
tures. Besides the scenery and fixtures
of the Theatre, all Dr. Lardncr's philo
sophical apparatus, including the great mi
croscope, and a splendid collection of pain
tings, worth together Sl5,000 was consu
med, and it is said there was no insurance
on the property. The splendid planetari
Urn-, constructed by Mr. Russell, oi Ohio,
with the later bf twenty years, was also
burned. Its valueis estimated at Sl2,000,
and it was insured for SS,000. It belong
ed to Messrs. Has well & Robinson, who
are said to have lost in addition to the
planetarium S2,000 Worth of philosophical
Sickness al JVoodville. We take th
following account from the Courier of
last evening, of the most extraordinary
sickness 400 sick out of a population ol
500, and SG deaths in about one month
making about one eighth of the whole num
ber is something that does not often occur
should the mortality be as great in this
city, calling the inhabitants 120.000, the
deaths would be over 12,000 per month;
or 400 per day.
'Doctors Valelli and Logan who repair
ed to Woodville, in Mississippi, in order to
ascertain the origin and causes of the dis
ease which has been prevailing there, have
returned to tbe city. The malady was
yellow fever of a modified type. In ordi
nary times Woodville contains about seven
hundred inhabitants, of whom from a hun
dred and fifty to two hundred left it when
the disease began to appear among them.
The epidemic commenced on the Dth
August; there have been upwards of four
hundred cases, of which there were sixty
deaths, up to the 21st instant. Negroes,
as well as whites, who never had the yel
fever, weie equally liable to it. Not one
individual who visited the place escaped,
even if he. remained only one hour. Wc
have not discovered to what causes the
physicians ascribe the origin of the epide
mic. We presume, from the facts stated,
that it could riot have been imported. 11
N. 0. Herald, 24i nil.
Tlie Race-Horse Fashion Turning
Gray. The N. Y. Spirit of the Times
says: That since Fashion's race with Blue
Dick last spring, her coat of satin chesnut
has become figured with spots of white hair
ofthesie of a shilling piece. Reality's
color changed -in like manner. The Spirit
adds, Fashion promises io become as speck
led as a bantum fowl, and already her color
is so singularly changed, that she would be
a decided star in the stud of an equestrian
A S-duel ion Case. The case of Mr.
Samuel Young, vs. Wm. A. Hays, bth
residents of the town of Guilderland, for
the seduction bf the plaintiff's daughter,
Miss Mary Ann Young; wa9 tried before
Judge Parker on Friday. The young lady
is both beautiful and interesting, and about
19 years cf age, and has a child fifteen
months old, which it was alleged was the
offspring of Hays. H. had for some time
been paying attention to her and prevailed
on her to become the victim of his libertin
ism by promises of marriage. The jurjr
returned a verdict ofi51000 fdr the plain
lifT. Albany Knickerbocker:
Penally for Seduction. The New
York Mirror says the-Superior Court has
given a verdict for the Plaintiff, in the case
of Rebecca Brand vs; Allisdn Ideson, to
the amount of 82,500. The victim was a
young girl of fifteen, a poor child protect
ed by Miss Brand, a Sunday School teach
er. Horrid Murder. John Porter, mer
chant at Stephensburg, Ky., about ten
miles from Elizabethtown, was murdered
on the 23rd ult., by Marquis B. Brown, a
constable. Two or three weeks previous,
Porter's house was entered b.y means of
false keys, and his desk robbed of $$00.
Brown was suspected of the theft, and a
day was fixed for his examination; "befoie
the investigation took place. Brown met
Porter, shot him, and then fell upon him
and cut him shockingly with a knife, kil
ling him on the Spot. Brown immediately
mounted his horc and fled. He iis about
25 to 30 years old, dark skinnod..5 feet
JO inches high, raw boned, weighs about
1 10 pounds, bad, bold countenance, hoi
low-ficed with high chc.'k-bones. .
FARMERS READ THIS!
The North Carolina Agncullurist.
We have been frequently Solicited to
publish an agricultural paper, and after ma
tore deliberation, have concluded to send
out proposal for such a publication to the
farmers of this State for their consideration.
That a work of this character is wanted in
this State, no one will deny. 1t is now
for the farmers to say whether they twill
have such a work, devoted 'entirely to their
interests, or no', as this paper, if published,
will be devoted exclusively to the interests
of the farming community, and will discuss
every subject that can possibly be of inter
est to that class.
The Agriculturist will he published eve
ry week, on a beautiful sheet 17 by 24 in
ches, at the low price of Two Dollars pei
annum, payable on receipt of the first num
beror two dollars and fifty cents during
With ifyefe0 brief remarks we commit the
proposed paper to the hands of the friends
of agriculture throughout the Mate;" and
respectfully ask their aid iu sustaining the
P. S. It is proper to say that the Agri
culturist will have no connection with the
Messenger whatever, other than be print
ed in the same office -what appears in one
will not in the other.
Subscriptions to be sent in by the 1st of
September. 1 he first number to ue issued
as seen thereafter r? possible, provided a
sufficient number be obtained to warrant
(Jf Every Editor in this State is re
quested to copy the above advertisement
(together with this note,) and send a copy
of his paper containing the same (marked)
to the Highland Messenger. The favor
will be cheei fully reciprocated, whenever
desired. . .
TIIOS. V. ATK1N & CO.
Asheville, N. C.
May 31st, 1S44.
The Disaster of the Lucy Walker.
The number of lives lost with 1 hi s ill-fated
boat is not yet ascertained. There were
upward of one hundred persons on board:
some say one hundred and twenty. If
this est i male be correct, there are near one
hundred lives lost.
The Petersburg Intelligencer; says In
the l:st of "killed and missing" will lib
found the name of James W. Pegtam!!
Our fellow citizens of Petersburg, and all
who knew Genera! Pegram, will join with
us in the expression of heaitfclt sorrow
which this bereavement is so well calcula
ted to excite. A bereavement it is', in ev
ery sense of the word, lo his family; his
friends and society. Endowed with tal
ents of a high order -blessed with the af
fection of a devoted wife, and of children
who looked upon him as ''father, friend
and guide" -the centre of a circle of as at
tached friends as man ever had General
Pegram might justly have looked forward
to long years of happiness and usefulness.
But it was not so ordained. In the prime
and vigor of his manhood far away fiom
friends and home, he has been edl on
But wc do not sorrow for him ''as those
without hope." His pure and unsullied
life fitted him for death, and his afflicted
family and friends will, from that reflect
ion, derive the only consolation which
can sustain thein in this, their hour of sore
Gen. Pegram The Councils of the
City of Richmond, Va., of which body
Gen. James W. Pegram; who was lost oh
board the steamboat Lucy Walker, was a
distinguished member; assembled on Wed
nesday las?, and adopted resolutions ex
pressive of their sorrow for General P.?s
sad fate, and of sympathy wIiH the be
reaved family and friends of the deceased.
- Ilnleigh llegislcr.
(2pThe Ballimore pdpers record a sin
gular accidental death that of a boy who
attempted to jump through the blaze of a
bonfite made by a tar barrel. He fell,
and was so burned before he was extrica
ted; as to cause his death. ib.
Explosion. lhe Hartford Couranl
states that one of the mills belonging to the
Hazard Powder Company, in Enfield, con
taining about six hundred pounds of pow
dcr, was blown up on Wednesday the 16th
ult. There were J.,rCe men in the mill at
the time, vi,; Nelson .M'Clester, Gilbert
M. D-jriee, and Wm. Priokett, who were
sq badly injured that death was the conse-
quence.--bne of them, howeverT. linger-
nA unlit .V-tr.'. TL -II f C .
mini aiuiunj. i ney an lell lamiiies.
f Shocking Casualty. We learn that
on Wednesday last a little girl, daughter of
Jonathan Arliri of the West Parish, in this
town, was burned to death by her clothes
Her mother had gone off to one of the
neighbors on a vi?it,-,and left her with two
or three other children at home. After
the mother had gonpj three children kind
led a fire with some shavings out door, ana
in playing about-, ihe clothes of the little
girl caught fire and burned entirely up;
singing the body of the little sufferer lo a
crisp. She was again dressed by the other
children, and went on Toot with them, thusi
horribly burned, nearly two miles t6 where
her mother was. A doctor was Immedi
ately called, but she was beyond the kind
ness of friends, or the skill of physicians',
and died without any. apparent pain the
e veil in g fo 1 1 o wi n g. Al II. Co u rier.
(jpThe hlacic scamp vvh'd attempted an,
outrage upon the person of a little girl, iri
Orange, while on her way from school, a,
few weeks since, and for whose apprehen
sion a reward of S50 was offered by the se
lect men of 'the town of Orange", was ar
rested, on Saturday of last week", some
where in .Litchfield county, and will? most
likelr, receive permission to irefurn to h5
old quarters in Weihersfield State Prison.
From the N. Y. Journal of Commerce, i
"TnTiirhmm. ThV np'nn?p of Illinois ara
accused of a design to starve but the Mor
mons, and compel, them lo leave their city;
provisions on their way ih Utter are inter
cepted, and ihnse having them ill-treated.
The farmers are fearful of their lives beinff
taken if they proceed in the direction of
Nauvoo with their provisions. Within &
few days previous to the 14th ult. nume
rous Mormons have visited St: Louis Id
provide the necessaries of life. Such per
secution of a people', for a difference of re
ligion, is infamously wicked;
AURIVAL of the GREAT WESTEhN:
Eight days later from Europe.
The steamship Grea't Western arrived i
N. York on Saturday night. Her,daVe
from Liverpool are of the l2tli eight day
later than the Acadia.
The news is not of Very great import
ance. The cotton market was quiet and steady'.
iccounis noin me manuiaciunng ai3
tricls were favorable.
Throughout Europe every thing apheats
Louis Philippe in Engiand.-The
King of !he French and suite embarked at
Treport for England oh lhe evening; ojf the
7th inst , and at daybreak the following
morning the French fleet approached the
I'.ngiitm coast, ana tne innaoiiarus. oi
Portsmouth, the great naval port pi fcng.
land, were early oh the lobk but fcr.iti
and mane every necessary preparai--;a
for the reception of the distinguished jnsi-
orp. m . tiJ f.
After the arrival bf the FrenrT: .ul
the. firing bf .salutes, &c., the Ccrv5;:futi
of Portsmouth, headed hy the MajTor ana
Recorder, the latter in his witr and irovvri.
went on board, of the Gomer, and there
preschted the King with a congratulatory,
address Velcbming hifn to1 lhe hbres ot
Khgland. The King replied in English.
Sending Troops. Abroad. Petition
are circulated in England against lhe pre
vailing practice of sending troops to foreign!
and colonial countries It is stated th.it.iu'
the last three vears, 12,000 sdldierh-iys
pens'ieu in inna, inina anu i;
that in a -regiment of 1000 Iri Jamaica, 146
lied. They beg ihat nB appropriations
may be voted for Ending Irdops out r. the
Unckivheat Cakes. As this ii the ?ea
fbn for buckwheat cakes, the following re
cipe will at this time be valuable tq those
who are fond of them; a i friend, who- hai
tried the experiment, says it makes deci
dedly better cakes; with half the troubh.
necessary In the usual mode of raising theifi
with 3'east ;
To three pints of buckwheat flour, mix-,
ed into a batter, add one teaspoonful
earoonaie oi soua, uis?oic"
one ditto of tartaric acid, dissolved Jn like
manner; first apply the carbonate,; slir the
baiter well; and then put in the acid; thus
the use of yeast i3 entiicly superseded, and
cakes "as light as a feather", are insured.
One great advantage is, that the batter iS
ready for baking as tooh as it-is made:
CTT A coquette is a rose froro which ev
ery lover plucks a leaf. : The thorns are r.
served for the future husband. A?"5
Take thai I