Pip M. ijyp WWMTs l UJfTsQ
IV hole .V DM.
Tarboroush. Edgecombe County, .v. C.Saturday, December 21, 1S11.
Hv liros;r Ho-k: Jk.
1j niiVihr-.: w,w!v at
if pahl in a.hr.visc or. 7V. A
at tht evvrv.hvi y .ne su
j - a '
11 ''-" ;
Subscriber r.r at ,.--v. v J:.v ;
time o i r-'T ' r- J .1,1.1 v.-v
Arfver::r.nfr.: r.: ew-rv: -ig a
inserted r.: A' " '
' g . .: . re v;.. .
eeri'i t r evr-rv c
nients! at tni r
tions require:!, .v
Letters ad.: -ess
paiJ, or they rr.iy
I. i j-r i ver:i-i : o
r.vr.;. higruoo Ad-i
i .e ;v.i:i:-- r or tnt-r
Me e:i;i'vjed ur.ti
? .i.V!vii:i J-!v.
neiotia'e i. ! "i'e ! r-':-':re ri ;
of the Senate. 0 -e ?f'hf :h tf c"-:. :';
which were i -r-: :. ws i
consist in ;hj h-: hf q cf
negation hi 1 n b - v . rve i o ht
deal of pjI :c Gp';T n :n e 1" .: i
However 1 su :. i ?rr?.
esteemed t j e. in v!p -e j-. -j ; i
ble power rf re Exej:ve ' "
III U L H . J . .
ests involved ::i
my dutv to jb
Congress a? 1 "
sentiment. . )
been taken c"
the questi:.:; r.:
decision of fie
j r e
e:;'v t .- ; -t
The reat pr. j' . cc zz .v:.:: r.s '
terminated, jnrded tr.e btt opDr: j.Vi'. v
01 aser amnz ' - - w : . r ' r
and Peopli upon it Pen di-.z thit
it became the imperative duty of 'he Exec- "j
utive to intjrm Mexico that the qtsTo
ot annexation was t:il he " : r e the r.i: .zt.
People, and that, until th-.-h- .Je::i
pronounce J, anv serio;; ;".v;si". :
would be regarded a in vteTD' to
their judgment and coj!J net be
upon with indiorrer.ze. I am t.:
to inform you that m s ::h Ir.ni.o
ken place, and I trust that, whiter
a;tion may be upon it, Mex ro
the importance of dec! :irg -r.e ri"
resort to peaceful exp . in
to thoe of arm. I 'h- i:'ti
p'e and the States, cn z'-'-
eating subiect. h-s hre'; i-c!?! . r'v '
J "1 '.V
tea. 1 ne q ?e ;:r:
seated nakediv to ti
the tre3tv i' - if. ;!!
lal issues. n h" . !"i v
fully av-j Je
domof'he fit-; re to d.-r rr.-r.e
sented, I repeat. 'h-r-vls e ! q :e
nextion; ar.d in f f,r-n i;
mined to the cr I-r! : ri-
A controlling rr. v : f- p..-.
lirze mij':r tv of r. -v-in
favor of irr:-: - . -. t i-.:. .:. ,
struction hve ? t .,ry o ;
ches of Cong"-. :'r'-n ir.-.r
constituen's. ':rj.i :.-. r; j-
It is the w . -y V- .h
S'ates, thit X'-.x v: - ;t.
: nn r : -. -ft
; i 0 '
i '.e t'v' rr.
02 noped tr.aS r, i
the puij'.c wdi. 1 -.
ra! isue rr.iv 0- fi
latures Cl'l i-r.
States which y.ji.
territory, w-.-. t e
deciding thit f ;
the treaty v- L
amount not ex.';:
r- I. -
r : ' 1 1
pifJ, with the ex'A-; 1 i o;
fihort of i40'j.OOO. x'h
proceeds of the 10!
We co-ji J not. h-..o-,r. ke
without aj-r.!oz t.- f j';
incumbrance ipor; t'.e-Tr
X 0 ' h i 'I g f -; i ; f f ' t f f
session, to i- ,r-. z d-.V t,v.' t
ions of Teji, re-.-. o t;-J
Nation of an alter': i ;-terf.'.
Irt of her f;-,vr v. d V
eea furni.r.ed :o K
Bhil desire to tr.ro v ;.:' :-. ; :
v.t toe p
Jetton of our !-, 1 -b'esS!ngi
of oor f: ..t
evtry Ameriio r:.-' -a'
q'lire it Th? -.r.-u. o
aad foreign trv?:. o o i-f.
take of iit'- j
'u to r
o t r '-ot 'A':
VJ'.' h 'I.',; i
pCiiUb!e,tf.e rohf eo 'd 'h fr.rkrt
,0r our rr.arj if';'- '.oo,otly grow
ln? market for o jr .''iori! pro Tjtioo
"salety to our rooi-f, and i idi'ioni'
strength and tbi!;fy to ihr f.'nion h':-
Jre the rewjlt yhh would rip-:!y .
,?P themlv;i. tjpor tlj ?o'vjuir- i'fJ o
e nnea-jr; of j,o,o;z'ion In u
Vent" 1 vv:d not dojbt but thit Mexico
J wcnU fin 1 hpr true interest to
meetin ihe ad vances of th r
r'i s si mi
--r do I apprehend anv
;:.! ; ' ; s'r,J,,V
nv o nerq-nrter; no so .uerr
' 5 JCn CVnpM,,,,: . XV
iiuenere m no n-si,-t v-IrN K
rights of any other nati n. Tner? cannm
SiMered from th- act, any design on
our pirt to do so with their posse.sion on
cout.nent. We hivp in!pr-nl n,,
; impeJiments in the way of s ich' acquisi
tions of lerritorv. lir. I Pvion.;.-
nnny ot fiem are, as th-? lein p 1 wers r
Eorop? have ma le. from tim to time, i.
every pm 0 the world. We eek no con
quest madebv war. No intr-2 ie will hjw
'be -n resnted to. or acts of
a inexttion o(
Isiycd, to a?r0-npl!S-i r.e
JS5 tO !)C lect'ivrd i:.!o OUT t'tl!
i q-ietion for cur
. . 1 : u . 1
-hi'l Ko 1
w.. 11 vjv.1 in hi, Mvuif
V. - ' wu:.
urecd. t.ir'i-'i the r rr ;vrtl ve or-ms on)
!,ie Urn ot annrx-rion, I wjdd recom-j
:iif::d their a.lopf on by Coiijre-s in the
' .'rm ot 1 ; unt ieo!ution, or ao;. to ha per
icyte. 1 and ma ie binding on the two coun
tries when a lotred in like manner by the
Govern me it of Texas.
In or i-r tha? th
Minicci mav ne 11
..rts-n e;l ii) ad us heanais the correspon-,in
.:tr.:e whioh h.is taken place, in refer ence
to ;t. s:r.;e the
ijO'irnment of Co. iu-ss, j
- - ..iw v .11 c 1 . -ia
Mex co. is herewith trans niue.i
lexas an i ;
1 ..ea-nen Jments proposed bv ih en-;
vety.-.2 Convention conel 1 led between j
.ne L r.t.e.i taes and Mexico on ihe 20 h
o: . .-vcTi3-r. 154 S hue been tran-nilt
' e .'. iTi'i .!.' '1 iV:r ! in;stpr t.ir ,,nr,ir.,
rer. eoi ine i jx;cin toveniment ;
i'.'.'o :zh urgd thereto, no action ha yt
r en n iu on the s
nor na- anv an
-wer Dfen si-ten wh;.h woul J authotize a
:avorar!e concl i n to the foturp.
-rre o: ere-nher. 143. m rc-'
Jt . it-lid traue. the otuer for thcs.-isvs in the augmentation of profus, in ihe
one! ioreig::er, and that of a more ; form of dividends, and a large surplus rev
iae in regard to pas-poits a.'I cf,enue entrusted to their custody is but too
vMcn sre cor.i Jered as tn Violation ol the
Irea'y c t Arrity and Commerce between
ne f vo cu-.trs. have le i to a correspon-
en ce 0! considerable ler.z'h between thp
Minister lor Foreign Relations and our
1 " "p'-'a'ive at Mexico, but without any jtitious s?ate of public prosperity for a sea
' 5iV-:s:!or-v result- T hey remain still un-; son exists; and, in the language of the day,
ar.js-eJ: and many and serious inconveni- j money becomes plenty. Contracts are en-
are a.rea ,y resj.ted to our Citizens j
etper.ce of them. j
':or.s gf r.ving out of the disarming ,
y -f T-xan tro?p under the com-: is overrun by an indebtedness so weighty
of M j u v-ly, b an c.Tictr in the as to overwhelm many, and to visit every
:e ot tr.e U.oi'ed Mate, acting und-r , department of industry with great and rui-"t-V?
f c ,r G vernmen ; and the nous embarrassment. The greatest vigi
eer.ry i.o'o t.e Cu-t am-r.ouse at lance becomes necessary on the part of Go
r . '5 L,o .g. 00 Re i River, b cer- vernment to guard against tliis slate of
.. z r s 0: Cii.t- i "ates. and ta- things. The depositories must be given
a w, tr,' r-fron. i t e goods s iz-.-d bv di-'inctlv to understand that the favors of
j --: t jz of the Cms oti. a forfe te 1 the Government will be altogether with
. .er ' ,e la .va of Tex-. h ve b --n adj-i drawn, or substantially diminished, if its
.. - ,7 -.i - -j-. '-'z l.a';.. iiuc
corre'p ,1 lence he Af.e-i the
e i - ;.o refer coe ta both jo
uod amo:.gs. the accorr.pi- m-nt. through its revenue has at all limes,
It co o'ai; s a fod s'ate- an important pjrt to perform in connexion
facts rffiJ circ uii-'dfices, wnh the currency; and it greatly depends
t-iken 0'. bo'h sr.es ar d upon i's vigilance and care, whether the
: r-o t;,e qo. ';onk have country he involved in embarrassments si
lt rerna i.s for Cur.gp.- to mdar to those which it has recently had to
ary appr p'ia'ion 10 carry encounter; or, aided by the action of the
1' into .-t, which I r-s I 'reas'jry, shall bos preserved in a sound
'oer.d. and healthy condition.
:.e j r f: i r ;;," eo '-o' d it ion of lh- The dangers to be guarded against are
''--.'? dj- ' ohjf;- t f .r ge?.;ral con- gTr.'ttly augruented by too large a surplus
d-V'0. Ihe pirs;)-., v. !ich i.a I fal- of revenue When that surplus greatly ex
'1 00 tr-d-o - i ' -fi rr.erc", a:, i which -oh f eed in amount what shall be required bv
"el 1: Gov:'o .: .0 1 to 'he r.ere- ty of a wie and prudent forecast to meet Unfore-
."t g '.'ji',-. au- the i -i-o of Treau- '-'-n ronlingencies, the legishture itself
' 0 a hrge .nv,'j.o hs panned may corr.e to be seized with a disposition
.: A''v the pawr.'.-f.t. of up- to indulge in extravagant appropriations
rJ of .7,000.000, ori amount of 1 i.e ( to object-, many of which may and most
'ere-'', ar.d .0 redemption of rr.ore than ' proodoly would be found to conflict with
d';b!, Ahi' h fall
I h" 0. Javiary tvrxf :. uu i w:tiji(i
' - -; ? ,000.000 for the pay.
i -g ' reivjry r.ot' t, and
ot t.oe d-h'ij rd the
' i.h-; Ij h i;' t of Colombia
of i;pvrdn of
e auo above toe exiting
.0.0a. Aji! retrain in the Tr t-; rry
eo the fj.'al y-ar. Sho'jfd th-
(' it.'; r.ot-s coriti'nue out s'aod inf -ah
i:re'of (;, fi at yirpiu v.di he conshdera
dy aogrn'rr.t Ailhoogfr !l in't-re1-! ha-
ea-'-d npofi th'-rn, and ihe Governrneii"
.ii :nvitr thir ro'.orri to ihe Tieaijrv.
. et they terr-ahi out-lar.di.g; fiyrdirn:
great f 1
::h- 'o c jfirneree, and e-tablih-
tog the f.jct tiist, under a ueii regoia'e:
y - em of driurt-. tt.i fiovernniMd has re--O'jrce
Witoin r-lf, w h:ch render it inde
oend'-r.t in time of need, not only of pri
vate loins b it alsof bank facilities.
I h? only remaining subject of regret is.
hat the remaining stocks of the Govern
nent do not fall due at an earlier day.
-ince thir redemption wotild be entirely
.vithin its control. As it is, it may be wo:
w.i thy the consideration of Congress,
vhether the law establishing the sinkiiu
Uuna under the operation of which the
iemsni ino on Minn
. "ere, to a great ex'ent, ex
j i!iiuiheJ should not, with propf-r mo ti -
j unions o as to prevent an accumulation
-t surp.uscs. and limited in amount to a
hrec,hc "Jm) be re-enacted. Such provi-
uc it-cuacici. ucn provi-
wnici would authorize the Govern-
' V tijio tne marset lor a purchase
Ji U own stock, on fair terms, would
Hen i nit: nijincM
ooitit. and prevent, to a great extent, those
fluctuation in the price of its securities.
micm rnini, under other circumstances af-
tect its credit. No apprehension of this
ort is at this moment, entertained; ince
mc?l J,hOJ ine government which out
U.-.l. ...i ri ....
o earacro were ottered lor sale to c7pi-
Talisw, at home and abroad, at a depreci -
tion. and could find no purchasers are now
r .. . " "u" ",u "ar Wlin
lie. --iMtly above par in the hinds of the hoi -
l Tiers : hut a wi a nil nrn.Unt Cim- ,t
ifi mil j wi.eam nnii fit .iro.- id 0,1
1 nu:iis:;es us in n ipi nn i ii .a-u
1 . . 1 . . .
j . "v- iv.av.ii vii
conuniencv the public credit.
iso be a mafer of immingled
. that, under the existing finan-
:ia system resting ; upon the act of 1S J,
nd the resolution of IS16, the currency
i,,v r nas auainj a state ot p.. - r -
. ct soundness; and the rates of exchange
between 1? ! fTUront norto f iK fT..:...
ditierent parts of the Union,
wntcn in 1&41, denoted, by their enor-
vinous amount. ihf rrf.it 1 Unri .t;r. 00.1
fact worthlessness of the currency in
j most of the States are now reduced to lit-
de more than the mete expense of trans
p rt::ii; specie from place to place, and the
risk incidental to the operation. In a new
country hke tint of the United Mates
where so many inducements are held out
tor snecuhtion thp d
depositories ot (he
revenue, cons sting of Banks of
any description, when it reaches any con
iderabie amount, require the closest vim-
I nice on the pirt of the (iovernment.
banking institutions, under whatever de-
nomination Ihey may pass, are governc
! by an almost exclusive regard to the intei
si of the s'ocknolders. I h.n inifrost c.-,n
ant to ;pid to pypp.ivp In.na q.wI t vtr.
; vagantly large issues of paper. As a ne
ces-ary consequence, prices are nominally
i 11 crt -ased. and thp nppnlativ- mni. avr
. where seizes unon thr nnhlif min.l A fi.
tered into by individuals, resting on this
unsubstantial state cf things but the dtdu-
sion speedily passes away, and the country
i:v -iiues uaii o; regarueu as additions to
their banking capital, or as the foundation
of an enlarged circulation. The Govern.
the Constitution. A fancied expediency is
'elevated above constitutional authority;
; dnl a reckh-ss and wasteful extravagance
. but too cer lainly follows. .The important
, f.o A-r of taxation, which, when exercised
' in its most restricted form, is a burden on
'labor and production, is resorted to, under
variou pteiexts, for purposes having no
affinity 'o the motives which dictated its
grant, and the extravagance of Govern
mtnt simulates individual extravagance,
until the spirit of a wild and ill-regulated
-peculation, involves one and all in ils un
fortunate results. In view of such fatal
- oris quenccs, it may be laid down as an
:Xiom, founded in moral and political
truth, that r.o greater taxes should be im-oo-'-d
than are necessary for an economi
cally administration of the Government;
iod lint whatever exists beyond, should
e reduced or modified. This doctrine
oes in no way conflict with the exercise
of a s jund discriminatien in the selection
of the articles to be taxed, which a due re
gard to the public weal would at all times
jgg..s to the Legislative mind. It leaves
he range of selection undefined; and such
election should always be made with an
veto the great interest of the country.
Composed as is the Union, of separate and
i , . .....
innepenueni tates, a patriotic Legislature;
Will rml fail in nnutinir tlif inprpe'c rwf
'th - nir!.s to aont such conr.ve as will be
ben calculated to advance ihc harmony of
he whole; and thus ensure that permanen-j
cy in the policy of the Government wim-
cy in tne p
o-it which all efforts to advance the
prosneritv are vain an 1 fruitless Tlii
sre it and vitally itnpitiant task rests with
, iuriiTress; ami ine t.xiciiiive can uo n
'more than recommend the general prin
! ciples which should govern in ils execu
I refer vou to a report of the Secretary
of War, for an exhihilion of the condition
of the army,- and recommond to you, as
well worthv vwr hpf mnsumun. mi
jny of the
suijesllons it contain. The
Secretary in no tb-gree eagg ra'es the
jareat importance. o7 preinz forward
1 . 1 . c ir . :
i .1 . c 1. c .
s..:. u: .u c .-
Il'll-llll Hie I r UH ''JIIOI1S
to which he
Mnch llaS been (Iotih
; toward placing our cities ,
iin a state f security against
the h.!Z.ir!s of
jhoslile atMck. wiihin the last r.nir ytar;
i but considering the new elements whi h
jhave been. ..f la e ye:rs, emnloved in the
propelling of ships and th for mid .ble im
1 . v r . ...
idements' of ile.tructi in which h irn lifc
brought imn pri-ir i- rm.n.-,i 1 on.
live an I vigil ml in preparing an I per!eM
ing the means of defence. I refer vou,
also, to his report for a full statement of
the condition of ihe Indian rd)e within
our jurisdh tion. Ihe Executive has aba
ted no efftt in earning into et! 'ct the
well-estabii-hed puli y of the Government,
whirh cnnteiripLt-s a removal of all the
tribes residing wiihin the limits of the sev
eral States, beyond those limits; and it is
now enabled to congratulate th country
at the prospect of an early consu nm tion
of ibis obje. t. Many of the tribes have
alreidy made great pr"gtes in the arts of
civilized life: and through the operation of
the schools established among them, aided
hy Ihe cuThs of various religious denomi -
nations who devote themselves lo the
task of their improvement we may fond
ly hope that, the remains of the formidable
tribes which were once the masters of this
country will, in their transition from the
savage state, to a condition of refinement
and cultivation, add another bright trophy
to adorn the labors of a well-directed phi
The accompanying report of the Secre
tary of the Navy, will explain to ou the
situation of that branch of the service
The present organization of the Depart
ment, imparts to its operations great effi-
cieney; but I concur fully in the proprie-'
ty of a div ision of the Hureau of Construe
tion. Equipment, and Repairs, into two
Bureaux. The subjects, as now arranged,
are incongruous, and requite to a ceitain
extent, information and qualifications al
The operations of the squadron on the
coast of Africa have been conducted with
all due attention to the object which led to
its org mization; and I am happy to say
that the officers and crews have enjoyed
ihe best possible health, under ihe system
adopted by the otlicer in command. It is
bciieved the United States is the only na
tion which has, by i's laws, subjected to
the punishment of death) as pirates, thoe
who may be engaged in the slave trade
A similar enactment on the pirt of other
nations would not fail to be attended by
In consequence of the difficulties which
have exi-ted in the way of securing ihles public affairs, are rigidly, and without favor
for the necessary grounds, operations h tve ; or affei-tion, so lo interpret the national
not yet been commenced towards the es- will, expressed in ihe law-, a? that injustice
lablishment ol the Navy Vard at Memphis should he done 10 none justice to all.
o soon as ihe title is perfected, no further This has been the rule upon which they,
delay will be permitted to intervene. It is have acted; and thus it is believed that few
well worthy of your conshb r ition, w heth-j cas-s, if any, exis', wherein our fellow ci
cr Congress sliould not .lirect the establi-h-: likens, who from time to time have been
merit of a top? walk, in connection with ! drawn to the Seat of Government for the
the contemplated Navy Yanl, as a meisure setilement of their transactions with the
not only of economy, but as highly useful (iovernment, have gone away dissatisfied,
awl necessary. The only establishment of i Where the lesti r.o.iy has been perfected,
the -ort now connected wih ihe service island was esteemed satisfactory, their claims
located at Huston; and the advantages of a j
similar establishment, convenient to the
hemp growing region, must be apparent
The report of the Srcrelarv presents
other matters to your consideration, f an
important character in connection with the
In referring you to the accompanying
report of the Postmaster General, it afford
me continued Cause of gratification to be
able to advert lo the fact, that the affairs of
Ihe Department, for the last four years,
have been so conducted as, from its unaid
ed resources, to meet its large expendi
tures. On my coming into office a debt of
nearly S500,000 existed against the De
partment, which Congress discharged by
an appropriation from the Treasury. The
Department, on the 4th of March next,
will be found, under the management of the
present efficient head, free of debt or em
barrassment, which could only have been
done by the observance and practice of the
greatest vigilance and economy. The laws
have contemplated, throughout, that the
Department should be 5elf-sys;arir;dj tut
... ... . .
U may Decome necessary, with the -vc"t
. . 1 . ii" - . . ? .
regard 10 pumic interest, 10 lnuodut;
amendment ahd alterations in the sysioui.
There is a strong desire manifeted ir mr
nv q'lariers, so to alter the tariffed" rsr'
postage as to reduce the amount of ta. at
present imposed. Should such a measure
be carried into effcci, to ihe full extent de
"ired, it cannot well be doubted but that,
for ihe first years of its operation, a dimin
ished revenue would be collected, the sup
ply of which would necessarily constitute
a clnrge upon ihe Treasury. Whether
tich a result would be desirable, it will be
for Congress in its wisdom, to determine.
It may in general be asserted, that radical
1 eradon in any system should rather be
brought about gradu dly, than by sudden
! cinngt-s; and by pursuing this prudent po
licy in the reduction ot letter postage, the
Department might still sustain itself thro'
ihf revenue which would accrue by the in
crease of Ifiitrs. The stale and condition
f the public Treasury has, heretofore
been such as to have precluded the recom-
j nv-ndation of any material change
difficulties upon this head have, he
ceaed, and a large discretion is now left to
I cannot too strongly urge the policy
of authorizing the establishment of a
line of steamships regularly lo ply be
tween this country and foreign portsv and
upon' our own waters; for ihe transporta
tion of the mail The example of the
lir itish Government is weli worthy of im
iraiion in this respect. The belief i
s'rongly entertained that ihe emoluments.',,
arming from the transportationof mail maK,
tor io fon gn countries, would operate of
i seif as an inducement to undertake that
branch ofthetak; and the remuneration
of the Government would consist in the
addition readily made to our steam navy
in case of emergency by the ships so
employed. Should this suggestion meet
I your approval, the propriety of placing
'such ships under the command of experi
t need officers of the Navy will not es--
cape your observation. The application,
of steam to the purpose of naval warfare,
cogently recommends an extensive steam
marine as important in estimating the de
fences of the country. Fortunately, this v
may be attained by us lo a great extent
without incurring any large amount 01 ex
pendiiure Steam vessels to be engaged
in the transportation of the mails on our
principal watercourses, lakes, and parfs cf.
our coast, could also be so constructed as v
to be efficient as war vessels when necdedj
and would of themselves constitute a For--
midable force in order to repel attacki from
aioau ecannoioe oiinu to ine laet
that other nations have already added large
numbers of steamhips to their naval ar
maments, and this new and powerful agent
is destined lo revolutionise the condition of
the world. It becomes the United States,
therefore, looking tu their security, to .
adopt a similar policy; and the plan sugges
ted will enable to do so at a small compara- .
tive cost. ,
I take the greatest pleasure in bearing,
teswmony to the zeal and untiring indus-,
try which has characterized the conduct
of the members of the Executive Cabi-.
net. Each in his appropriate sphere, has'"
rendered me the mot flicient aid in carry
mg on the Government, and it will not, t
trust, appear out of pl ce for me bear this
public testimony. The cardinal objects
which should ever be held in view by
those entrusted wjih the administration of
..1 .-- .1 1 1 . . t .
have been promptly adjusted; and this in
the absence of all favoritism or partiality.
The Government which is not just to its
own people, can neither claim their affec
tion, nor the respect of the world. Attho
same lime the ciosest attention has been
paid to those matters . which relate more
immediately to the great concerns cf the
country. Order aud efficiency in each
branch of the public servire. have prevail
ed, accompanied by a system of the most
rigid responsibility on the part of the re
ceiving and disbursing agents. The fact,
in illustration of he truth of this remark,
deserves to be noticed, that ihe revenues
uf ihe Government, amounting in the last
four years to upwards of S 1 20,000,000,
have been collected and disbursed, thro'
ihe numerous Governmental agents, wilh
ut ihe loss by default, of any amount
.vorihy of sericAis commentary.
The appropriations made by Congress
for the improvement of' the rivers of tho
Vest, and of the harbors pn the lakes, are
n a course cf judicious expenditure under
suitable- egeuts: and are destine!, 11 is iq
P aoped. 'to realize aU.the bcais desii