Wilmington Chronicle (Wilmington, N.C.) /
Feb. 9, 1842, edition 1 /
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' . CorTtsponttnit of the London Post.'
Lonpon, 1st Jatakt, 1842. You will no
! u;bt bo surprised al the appointment of Lord
Aslibnrton m ipwiil envoy to adjust the difficul
tins with our government, but whether Sir Robert
Peel desires war" peace' this is on his part a
wise measure.' Great Britain is in a crisis. . By
t'te aid f radical, and even chartist votes, the lo
ries are i.ow in power, and you will see, from the
papers I send you, lltat the whigs, radicals, and
chartists are all in favor of a mollification of the j
' corj) fs, ami that there is alrong party for an
entire "repeal of them; that the manufacturers
loot auxionsly to the United States for a market;
that, tire laborers look" there ToTbfead rand thai
the chartists look there for political sympathy.
Add W these that ilia Times, the organ of the to.
ry party, has announced that O'Oonnell and his
" repeal association must be put down by law, if
I the law is strong enough, and that if it is not, it
' must be made strong enoujli- and you will see
that a war with America would be followed by a
loss of power, until it is first rendered popular.
In the uce of these elements, it is important for
Sir Robert Peel to make an impression that he
not only makes the first advances for peace, but
' that we hare rclussd to meet htm in the same
' epiriL By sending Laid Ashburton, Sir Robert
is enabled to demand more and to yield less than
' he could have done' if the special mission had
1 originated in the United States instead of Eng-
The i mpressioaliere is, that the right of search
is to constitute the difficulty. 1 do not think sq.
My opinion is, that a great noise is made about
this to enable great Britain to cover her real pur.
poses on the Pacific.''..;:.;,' ....v-;
Look at her. It was but yesterday she asked
i rtennission to cut logwood on the coast of the
Baliie. She at first did not know the real own
er, and then ahe resolved that, as eho could not
tell whether the right was in Spain or Yucatan,
she would retain possession ot the territory her-
r- self. . " ' -i ' ' V -
-We next hear that the commandant of this
settlement had purchased the territory of an la-
dian, and that a vessel with a military force had
" sailed to the mouth of the river J uan,- to take
possession iu the name of the British govern
- men, and that, finding the local government tin
T v willing to acknowledge the authority of this In-
- dian chief, the British force bad seized the com
mandant, and, if I remember correctly, carried
him in irons to the Balize, It so happened that
certain British, then on a trading expedition in the
interior, were arrested as hostages. Now v what
is tlie course of the British" nation! - The Lon
' " don Press gives us to understand that immediate
step have been taken to enforce the release of
. the hostages, but nothing is eaid about releasing
" i the commandant so illegally arrested and carriei
V into captivity. r
Nov-' Instead of this we are told that one ler
, miniiion of tjie new line of the West India alea
" mers is to be at Chargrcs, and the Herald, a high
"tory paper, tells us th&t a communication :, will
soon be opened across tho isthmus to Panama,
and that the intercourse With the British posses-
. ' eiom in the South Australia will be by this roote.
Now when I look at tho map and find that the
. rhef St Juan connects the lake Nicaragua with
t ; the Caribbean sea.and that it is no doubt the cheap-
eat and best rouiejbr a canal or or railway across
'hs isxhraus.sl cannot but see somethings more
than, accident in the combination of events so aus.
- jncously conspiring to putGreat Britain in pos
t Bcssion of the Pacific Ocean. And when I re
' member that whale ships are tho real nur-
aeries of our hardy seamen,' ami that our, real
battle with England will bo for the mastery of
the ocean, I cannot believe that the barren right
of search, or the barren rocks of Maine, valuable
at the latter may be as a road to Canada, will
weigh 0 feather when compared to the ocenpa-
lion of the Columbia, Thiais apart from the fur
trade and the control which that gives her over
; the Indians of the Rocky Mountains.-" "
I am sensible that great lress will be laid oh
4 ' the right of search and the sufferings of the poor
1 African will be used to employ the public mind
1 here, but rest assured that -the real bone of con
tention will be the Oregon. ,; It is to bo hoped
that those charged with onr interests will insist
, , ort a settlement of all the points of difficulty, and
that tlie interest of Nantucket and New Bedford
, may not be overlooked. . .
Gne important feature in this mission' njay be
the introduction of British manufactures into the
United Stales in exchange for American flour.
v threat hopes are entertained here that Lord Asn
. ' burton's extensive information on all commercial
subjects mav lead to some favorable arrangement.
. f If so, it will bind the two countries more closely
; . together, aud greatly advance our prosperity
, THE MISSION FROM ENGLAND.
, . The appointment of Lord Ashbnrton, (the well
known Alexander Baring,) is thus noticed in the
The news brought by the late arrival from
Liverpool of Urn appointment of Lord Ashburton
" oii a Special Mission to the United States, - said
in the papers to be with a view to the discussion
and settlement here of the vexed questions con
cerning the Northeastern Boundary, aud the right
or search, is full of interest-
Lord Ashburton conies, we presume from what
we understand of the diplomatic osuage of. the
- British Government, either to supersede the pres-
- ent Minisser Mr. Fox, in his Mission which is
not at all probable or as ad adjunct to Mr. Fox,
with m view to the special objeets above referred
- to. ' It i not at all likely that Lord .Ashburton
-will be tlie bearer f any commission indepen-
i dent of the Resident British Miuister Plenipoten
tiary. ;;As to the intimation, which we sea is
thrown out, that his visit to the United Slates has
nnv diplomatic relation, in llm mihiect of State
Debts field in Great Britain, such an idea is pre
cluded by the consideration, well understood by
v British Ministers and Statesmen, that the United
Ktates can excercise no authority, nor of course
entertain any negotiation, having reference to that
- Ti.3 fact of the Government of Great Britain
srtidmg, nnuer existing circumstances, a Special
evidences which till British Goveinment could
r-1 i n nf in resneetfiil i-nnnllorofn r..t r itia
. . m-w - 1' " - - wwjip "v vi v "
riiy of its professions of a desire to cultivate
' : ..icabU relations with the United Stales; f . v
r - . ii.t..,.1 . . , .
ir.fi ve rears of see. wilh mueh talent for b,,.i.
lie-is. end plain aud agreeable manners. The se
lection of a mao of bis character for this trust is
pi jr)fiiiional proof ol the earnestness of the pur
v - of the British Government in tending him
t is o collection of rules and precepts, for tan be' no general and sound revival ef business
' a thins with qcrlaiiityi ease, ami accjiraey. or of nredit." k
J3MJ .Jgfjl m"L'U'-.L . ... .ii. vi I ' I,
UffiTEP States Sematk Janatry 28.
Mr. Graham presented a bill making all appro
priation to re-open Roanoke Inlet, .
Mr. G.eaid that, although, he had given notice
of this bill several weeks since, he had delayed
asking leave to introduce it until he could obtain
certain information which he desired from a dis
tinguished civil engineer, who had made a survey
and report under the direction of tlie Legislature
of North Carolina on the subject of re-opening
Roanoke Inlet. The work was one of deeD con
cern to the people of that Slate, whose General
Assembly, at each of its two last sessions, had
adopted resolutions urging it upon the attention
of Congress as, in the highest deirree. important
to the commerce and navigation of the Union.
tie ueia in nia nanu a copy 01 these resolutions.
, and of tho report of the engineer, (Maj.nwynn.j
to -wmcn ne nau aireaav alluded, and wished to
lay these on the table for the information of tlie
Senate, and of the committee to whom tho bill
might be referred. He would therefore, enter
into no discussion ot tlio objects of tho bill at
present, except to remark that Rranoke Inlet was
once the direct channel of communication from
Albemarle Sound to the Atlantic ocean J that, in
nrocrss of time, it had been filled od. and tho wa
ters of tho Sound were compelled to seek an out
let byforcing their way southwardly to Pamlico
sound, and thence through Ocracoke Inlet to the
ra. By the change which (tad taken place, ves
sels from the Albemarle, or any of its tributaries,
bound to New York; or any 'northern port,, were
obliged to take this southern direction put to sea
at Ocracoke, and to perform a voyage of more
than 120 miles to return to the latitude of Roa
noke Inlet or Nags Head, encountering in its
progress the expense of lighterago Qver shallows.
me risns ot a narrow, difficult, ; and often chang
ing channel, before reaching the ocean, and then
the perils of doubling Cape Hatleras, which ma
riners more dread than' almost any part of the
American coast, This bill contemplates re-open
,,R..lne1ncieut entrance to Albemare sound, near
80 miles north of Cape Halteras, by forcing a
passage through a and beach, about one-half or
tnree-tourths of a mile in extent, and thus avoid'
ing all the difficulties and dangers of the present
course of navigation. , It will be seen, in the re
port of the ensinoer, that the commerce, now la-
I boring under these impediments, amounted annu
ally to at least 3,000,000: that it furnishes em
ploymenl to more than 100,000 tons of shipping;
is one of the best nurseries of American seaman
in all our coasting trade; yet that the burdens un
der which it is carried on, and the frightful loss
of human life which attended it for want of the
old Inlet, ara Umosl incredible. Whether, thera:
fore, the work proposed be regarded as opening
a new harbor, ot rclnge for our commerce from
an enemy in time of war, or from the frequent
and tiolent storms of that coast, as relieving our
seamen and vessels from tlie dangers of shipwreck
or as freeing the commerce of one of the most
productive sections of tho country- a section
more extensive in territory and more populous
than several of the. States" of the Union from
burdens of the most oppressive character, it equal
ly demanded the favorable and immediate aiten-
uon oi toe uovernment.
The bill was read a first and second time, and
referred loa Committee on Commerce. ! '
PRODUCTS OF THE UNITED STATES.
We have tho pleasure (says the Philadelphia
American) of laying before our numerous readers,
in advance of all our competitors, the following
interesting facts derived from official sources, ac
cording to the last census of the United feUttcs;
Wheat IN o. of bushels raised,
Rye, ' do.
Oats, - do,
Indian Corn, dp
Potatoes, do ,
Cotton, do .
do value of-manufactured goods, $10,350,458
do capital invested, $51,103,359
Wool, pounds grown, 35,802,114
. do value of manulaclured goods, 92U,ouo,Uuu
do capital invested,
Cest Iron, tons produced,
do Bar Iron do
Lead, pounds do
Coal, Anthracite, tons, '
do Bituminous, bushels
Fisheries, capital invested,
The New Express of Monday says .
The advices that our . Packets are reluming
wilh large freights, and unusually full cargoes of
British Uood., has cteated no small apprnension
among capitalists'. An influx of Foreign Goods
ia neither wanted i;r desirable, in the condition
the Currency is in, the country lias not tho means
to pay lor them, .Last year, upwarus oi nine
millions ol dollars were sent out ol trie country
from this port alone. The great staple cottoii is
unpreceuentedly low and leaves noi raucu more
than two thirds in amount to what it formerly did.
Under these circumstances a largo amount of sur-
plus goods cannot be paid for. ,
At a public meeting recently held at Memphis,
TemWsee, strong resolutions were passed con
demning the conduct of the Locefoco Senators,
in reference to their relusal to elect me two v. a.
Senators from Tennessee. One of the resblu-
liona ""requests Henry Clay -of Kentucky and
ffiU'tam V. Preston of South Carolina, as far as
is compatible with their constitutional obligations
to their own States, to watch over, protect, and
defend the peculiar, interests of Tennessee, and
(says the resolution) we do hereby adopt tnem
as our Senators as fully and completely as it is
in our powerso to do, considering them in all
respects worthy to represent tne rignis, interests,
and dignity of the State. -
The New York American in giving a, stale
ment of the finances in this country, preparatory
to the departure of he Britannia irom Boston io
j iiiverpopi, sajs
opinion of the state and prospects of the financial
I and rnmmercial affairs of the country, under the
v - . . a
impression of such gloomy feelings as now pos-
sess us.) It is not that the elements and means
nf nmsneritv amon? us ale diminished; the earth
has been bonouful, tl.e seasan propii.ons-healt h
U in our borders and industry slackens not its
4nl.hm fimfidtnce. tho faith ot man in man, oi
enmmunities 10 each other of all in tlicir Gov
eriimflnt is wantin?. Until that canW re-estb-
lisliia-vand we confess with regret, wo .see no
liritt of such a desirable coiisuinmauon there
w o - - , , . I
From tht Eakigh Star.
INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS No. .
The first branch xif the scheme of internal in&
provements proposed in a former number, is a
McAdamisea Turnpike from Raleigh to Ashe
ville,ln Buncombe county. We insist that the
only prudent and successful mode of accomplish
ing any great and useful plait of improvements in
North Caroljna, will be to undertake' and finish
but one branch of it at a ume and we contend
that the one which demand the most immediate
attention of the State is the proposed Turnpike.
The questions may now arise, can we procure
the money for constructing this work f and if
so, can we get it without borrowing, or taxing
the people f To both these questions we re
spond in the affirmative. Two hundred and for
ty miles of road will unite ua-with Asheville.
This, at $3,000 per mile, would cost $720,000.
This estimate is made Tor thoroughly McAda
miaed road all the way. ' Maj. Gwynn thinks a
common turnpike would cost only $800 per mile.
Suppose, then, 100 miles of the way be construct
ed upon this plan, and, to be liberal in the esti
mate, that it will cost $1,000 per mile ; the total
amount for 100 miles would be $100,000. The
remaining 140 miles, McAdamised at $3,000 per
mile, would cost 420,000 j which would give us
the road for the sum of $520,000. ; . '
The largest pum here stated, (which we prefer
taking, as it will McAdamize every foot of the
road, and make it as firm and as permanent as the
mountain rocks,) may be raised without either
oorrowing or imposing one cent additional taxa
tion. Agreeably to a report made to the last Le
gislature, the Internal Improvement Board alrea
dy possesses a fund equal to nearly half the a-
mount, it consists ot bonds which are daily
augmenting from interest for . ,,
Cherokeo lands, $29-1,283 23
On Individuals nnd Corporations, ' " ,
- (loans,) 30,771 62
Let this be appropriated to tho work ; and by the
luno it is expended, beginning at Raleigh, and
completing the road 'os it progresses, toll will
be coming in to aid in carrying It on the balance
of the route ; and if this should prove an unavail
ing source, the portion of thcproceeds of the pub
lic lands justly due and coming to North Caroli
na, will be amply sufficient to finish not only this
important branch, but to accomplish our whole
system of internal improvements.
But suppose it were necessary to borrow one
or two millions of dollars, in the establishment of
the great works alluded to in this and our former
numbers; it would be but as a dust in the balance
when weighed against the incalculable advanta
ges which would result to every section and eve
ry citizen of the State. And it is the opinion of
those best qualified to judge that, these works
would pay back the amount expended in their
construction, both principal and interest, with
ease and promptitude.
It is true some of the States have acted unwise
ly in involving themselves in heavy debts for but
little purpose. But those who have managed pru
dently, have by their improvements, excited uni
versal applause and 'rniunthn.s-ly?y''''1
In 1839, the Slate debt of Pennsylvania Was
more than $28,000,000, of. which $22,000,000
was incurred for publie improvements. The
Hon. W. B. Shepard, in an able and eloquent re
port made to our Legislature in 1839, estimates
the value of the Pennsylvania public works at 23
luiuiuiia ui uuiiais, jinn ritcb it uo iiiit uuimuii
that if the State were disposedto sell her works
:lt: :j..n -.i l:
at public auction, they would probably bring oao
.v would nrobablv brine ouo
million of dollars more than they cost, without
estimating the vast increase of wealth these works
have created to the State at large. Previous to
the Qommencement of the public orks, it is said
that the wheat frequently rotted in the barns of
the farmers in the interior of that State, and a
largo portion of the population of Philadelphia
suffered for want of bread and work - Mr. Slicp.
ard slates also, that the Pennsylvania State
Works, although executed by the State alone,
and at a cost of near twenty per cent, more than
was necessary, nearly paid, the second year after
their full operation, six per cent on cost.
New York has outstripped eveh Pennsylvania
jn this noble career, and leads off in this majestic
race in a manner calculated to win the regard and
affection of her sisters, and to engage the atten
tion and admiration of the civilized world. Her
system of canalization, for extent, -boldness and
durability, has never been surpassed. She now
possesses about 900 miles in extent, at the moder
ate cost of 20 millions. Rail Roads nearly every
where traverse her surface ; and in 1835 a com
pany was organized for constructing a Rail Road
from theHudson - to- Lake Erie,- through her
southern territory, a distance of 350 miles.
Most, if not all of this has been effected by the
credit system."" "
: At the revolution, tlie population of New York
was not greater than ours, and we unquestionably
surpassed her in the richness and variety of. our
productions. The means which have enabled
hertowiilk ahead of us, are too apparent to .be
commented on. She was not afraid to go ahead;
she pushed forward wilh public spirit and ener
gy m Hie prosecution of useful enterprise, and
the world sees the result.
And will North Carolina continue to hesitate to
pply the means which she has already at com-,
mandf Is she determined forever to stand ti,
whilst all lier sisters are advancing so rapidly in
the career of improvements, when she has only
to put forth ner hand, (being under no necessity,
sings tney.are realizing i a young man .4u. -
ders his nersonal patrimony.
rirnonv. we call turn a soenu-
thrift. What shall we be called, if, by avarice,
- . ',- , . . ...
negligence and inactivity, we suffer tins great
common inheritance ofjjiill and flood and field to
go to prenlature and total ruin and decay I
Quick work.Qen. Cadwallader Irving, the
lnte Cnmmissarv General of the Army, diou in
the c tv of I'h ade n i a at 10 O'ciocn on oaiur-
dav nioht some two or three months ago. It so
hannened. that at that hour, Mr. KODen . i yier,
the sou of President Tyler, was lingering over
his wine atlhe dinner table of ft Mr. lyson. m
the same c tv. The death ol Uen. irvmg was
duly reported at the convivial board. At 12 of
the same night, Mr. l yson was on ins way 10
Washington, with a letter irom Mr. ivooen i y
ler to his father in his pocket.- He reached
Washington on Sunday" morning immediately
saw ihe President ; was promised the vacant ol-
; remaineo unui xuomiay, wucn .... .. r .. i.-in.!.: i. f.-... ,u. I
. i . . t..j i 'I'noa. i nth iiAmAA-'uiv" ai p.BftPV - f"niiiiiv. iviBHsaciiU" t duuiu 'uiuiiiiti in rciciuuuo w uic iiiiuriBunirieni
day -and the poor dead officer was buried on ,etli, for the Senate of that State; and it is not of foreign colored seamen. A motion was made
rtrdM-li' not wonderful that so disgust- oi fofll weck8 iinc, he;receiyed hoiye 7
of nnited L of Me Democratic members of , rose, and in W,
Mjr ; Tyson.-' Fay Obserytr. . the Legislature for that office. JV. Y. Com. but warm terms, opposed (he passage of the rcso-
Wednesday February 9, 142.
By reason of the high wind which prevailed
for nearly forty-eight hours, there was no steam
er here from Charleston between Thursday morn
ing last and Saturday night. "
The ignorance of American affairs and of the
geography of the United 6tales,exhibited so often
by the people of England and the English news
papers, has been frequently noticed. We have
met with two instances in looking over some late J
numbers of the Leeds Mercury- - , .-
, That paper of the 4th of December informs
its readers that General Scott has been taken up
very generally by the Whig party, and stands a
fair chance of succoeding to the Presidency, and
that tlie annexation of Texas to the United States
was one of the subjects which would engage the
attention of Congress at its present session.
' The same paper of the 1st of January, speak
ing of President Tyler's Annual Message, says
he recommends that Congress should Contribute
towards the expense of an efficient police for the
purpose of giving better protection to life and
property in New York I . ,
One f the editors of the paper in question
was lately a member of the British Parliament.
MR. BOTTS AND TUB' SECRETARY OP THE NAVY.
It has been seen that Mr. Botls.of Virginia, on
the floor of the House of Representatives, in the
debate ol the 27th ult., charged the Secretary of
the Navy, Mr. Upshur, wilh " being an open
avowed and undisguised advocate for the dissolu
tion of the Union, and relerred to a conversa
tion held between tliera in which these sentiments
were avowed, without condition or qualification.
This Mr. Wise denied, and subsequently address
ed a note to the Secretary desiring to know
whether in assuming' the responsibility of mak
ing the denial he, Mr. W., had done the Secreta
ry injustice.- In reply to this, Mr. Upshur says
ho has no recollection of having ever held a con
versation with Mr. Botts on any subject .whatev
er, and asserts that the truth of the charge made
against him cannot be proved by any witness
who is himself a man of truth, that he never has
advocHed a dissolution of the Union, without
qualification or condition
but admits that he had
expressed a decided preference for dissolution
over the establishment of a system which he re
gards as fatal to all true liberty. For instance,
the success of the abolition movement, or tho es
tablishment of a consolidated government. ;
This has brought out Mr. Botts, in the Nation
al Intelligencer, bespeaking the publie patience
for a few days, until he can collect together the I
testimony on which he relies to prove the truth
of the charge made agai;:st Mr. Upshur in the
House of Representatives.
He says 'I take nothing back that I have said,
on the contrary, I repeat that he wat an open
,t . , j, , , .
unqualified, tmdisginsed, and boasted advocate
for an immediate dissolution of the Union ; and I
will now add, without qualification or limitation,
since he seeks to circumscribe and mystify his
position, lie denies it, and says i cannoi prove
t by any man who is himself a man of truth,
f his liffiilatjon would probably deprive
me Ol I
the benefit of the Hon. Secretary himself. Nev
ertheless, I shall use it; I shall make him a prom
inent witness in his own case; but I shall not be
content to rely, upon his testimony alone. A
question of veracity is thus raised between n.
Either he or I have told a falsehood. . All I ask
is, that the consequences may be visited with the
utmost severity upon my head if I do not prove
satisfactorily that the Hon. Secretary is the guilty
The trial of John C. Colt, in New York, for
the killing of Mr. Adams, resulted in the rendi
tion of a verdict against him of murder in the
first degree.! This trial, from the extraordinary
circumstances of the case, caused an intense ex
citement in that city, and much interest else
where. During its progress, the head of the mur
dered roan, in.a horrid slate of corruption, - was
cut off front Ms body, brought from the tomb.
and exhibited in court, to determine the question
whether a certain wound in the skull was caused
by a pitolbaU,.ftrJy n hatchet.'
His council as a part of the defence read' the
confession published on our first page, with the
purpose no doubt of making it appear that the
act was done in self defence, and thereby inuu
cing a verdict of manslaughter" or justifiable ho
micide. 'The reading of this confession caused a
thrill of horror in the crowded court room, and
probably operated injuriously, upon the cause of
.y y? ? .tr "".'T'"- . . . -, . .
i:nU' r.nnnnl have civen notice ol an intention
notice of an intention
to file a bill of exceptions with a view to obtain-
ing a new trial. For that reison sentence has
w.w..,.- ......... s
. i , 1 ;
A "Literary Association nas ocen lormcu ai
Hillsborough. N. C The Hon. Frederick Nash
is President, Dr. Jas. S. Smith, Col. Cadwalla-
der Jones, and Rev. Robert Burwell, Vice Pre-
sidents, Dennis Hearlt, iSecretary, ana ur. Wal-
ter A. Norwood Treasurer.
. , - ; ' r ,,. ,k
We had quite a heavy thunder andl.ghlniftg
storm on Monday at mm-uay.
... i .. ...
It turns out that' one of the ' traitors", who
signod the, memorial for . a
dissolution of the
I . . V. , ...tl.l'l .4
Union, tno preseniauon oi wiucu una cauwu pv
" THE (IRONICIiE.
. much uDroalr in Congress, was jho candidate of tain, and this Government and the Governor of
. SENATE. " 7
Monday Jan. 31. The Treasury Note Bill as
amended by tlie House was presented to the Sen
ate and received the signature of the President
of the same. (It was on the same day signed by
the President of the United States.) ' '
Mr. Simmons of Rhode Island announced in a
feeling manner to the Senate the decease on
Saturday of his colleague, Mr. Dixon, After
passing the usual resolutions for wearing mourn'
iiig &e., and taking 'order for the funeral the
Senate adjourned.' ? 's' v ; ;
-rThe funeral ! of Mr.-Dixon . took I placTJc-n
Tuesday, and was attended by an immense con
course of people, including the President, Heads
of Departments, both Houses of Congress,' Fo
reign Ministers, and other public functionaries.
His remains were removed to Rhode Island lor
interment. The followinggentlemen, members
of the Senate, officiated asClJUearers. Messrs.
Clay, Claytonj Sturgeon, K-.rt, Berrien, Pren
There was no session on Tuesday.
2d. The morning houf was taken jip with i
debate on a memorial asking an appropriation for
the defence of a harbor on one of the northern
lakes. Mr. Clay advocated the propriety of Such
appropriations as . belonging to the ' same class
with appropriations for Atlantic harbors. Mr
Preston declared his opposition to the whole sys
tem of appropriations for the benefit of harbors,
contending that their improvement belonged ex
clusively to the States, in their individual capa
Mr. Buchanan spoke at some length' on Mr.
Clay's amcndment-of-the-Constitution resolutions,
arguing against them
3d. On a motion to allow the Committee on
Manufactures a clerk, the subjects of tariff, free
trade, protection, die, were made topics of a
debate which continued to a late, hour,' and in
which various Senators participated. . The clerk
4th Mr. Benton gave notice that he eliould
move on Monday, that the Senate take up the
bill to postpone the operation of the . Bankrupt
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
The following are the resolutions offered by
Mr. Pendleton, of Ohio, on Saturday, but not
received by the House as not being in order.
Besohed. That the Cons titution was " ordain
ed and established" to form a "'perfect union"
of these States and that Congress riot only has
no authority to take any measures Tor the disso
lution of that Union which it was thus created to
defend and protect, but that it is the paramount
duty of every department of this Government and
all of the People of these States " indignantly to
frown upon the first dawning of every attempt to
alienate any portion of our country from the rest,
or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link to
gether the various parts. ' ;"
Resolved, That this House views with the ut
most abhorrence the proposition to dissolve the
Union of these States, contained in a petition of
certain citizens of the town of Haverhill, in the
State of Massachusetts, and presented by John
Quincy Adams, a member from said State.
JiesolveU, That said petition be not received.
Jan. 31-ThA Snaakor nrcsented various re
port from the different Departments, which were
.1 nrAnroA tn ha nrintnd ' nnd werf. nnnronriatclv fe
"V r . . . . . .
Numerous Senate Bills were then rend a first
and second time, and referred to the committees
properly having charge of the different subjects.
Mr. Fillmore asked leave to report a bill from
the Committee of Ways and Means, and no objec.
tion was made. , Mr. F. then submitted a Bill for
the relief and protection of American Seamen in
foreign countries, and moved that it bo referred
to a committee of the Whole and printed ; so or
dered. Some conversation then passed about iho
order of business, and
Mr. Adams claimed, and took the floor, and
was about to speak, when
A message from the Senate announcing tne
death of the Hon. N. F. Dixon was received,
Mr. Tillinghast rose and delivered an eloquent
eulogium upon the life and services of the vene
The House then adjourned, after adopting the
usual resolution. V
Feb, I. No session of the House, . - -2d.-
lie question of privilege was the order
of business and,
Mr. Adams called up the resolutions, three in
number, which were read last week, for the in
formation of the House, -Mrr A. insisted that
their passage was necessary to put him in posses
sion of materials for his defence.
Mr. Gilmer inquired if it were the intention of
the gentleman, provided the resolutions wore
passed, to move a postponement oi tne suojeci;
to which ' , '. - ' ' ' ' '
Mr. Adams replied, that as one on trial, for
criminal charges, he should not answer the qucs
lions of the prosecutor.
- . Mr. Adams - was reolving. when Mr. . Jones of
1 ... ... ., r 'i --. . , -
Md., moved to lay the whole subject oil the table
Adams gave notice that after what had al-
ready passed, holding himself no longer respon
sible for tne wssie oi ume, ne our nevcrtneiess
. , .1,1 A .k. -:u. Jf.l i.: lr
I inienu, aliu cmiliicu mo iiui iw uoimiu iiiiuavii,
anj held no man as his friend who sought any
other termination ot this atiair than the direct vole,
orno, pon the resolutions of the gentleman
A caji of the n0UM was here ordered, and 198
I members answered to their names. The yeas
and nay were theu taken upon the motion to lay
, . M . . , . . '
i . . ... .
89, noes 112
The question recurred upon the motion of Mr.
Aualn for im passage oi nis mreo resolutions;
menrsioi meso caning ior certain correspon
dence between this Government and Great Bn-
louon as one which would revive aa excitraen
that the whole South had hoped was allayed.
Southern members were ready at.d desirous for
peace and harmony. He knew ihe ournorf of all
the gentleman was calling for, and it was a subiect .
over which this House, and the worlcf, had no
control. It belonged to his State and to her alone.
It happened that S. Carolina found it necessary
some years since to establish police regulations,
for they were nothing more, with regard to foreign
colored seamen.' '
It was found that black preachers came in ves--sels
from abroad to stir up rebellion among the
slaves, and it was a necessary precaution that the .
Slate look, to place this plague under quarantine.
All foreign colored persons were therefore incar
cerated, as soon as the vessel bringing them had -cast
anchor. It so happened that a black eook,
by the name of Atkiuson, had come there in sir.
English vessel and he was imprisoned; the Brit""
ish Consul sued out a habeas corpus, and Judge -Johnson
decided that the law was nnconsiitution-V
al. These were the facts, and he knew them be
cause he was engaged in defence of the pity of
Charleston. The United States Attorney Gene-
ral at that time had given an opinion adverse to
that 'of Judge Johnson, and justificatory of the
law. - - - ; - - -
Mr. Adams made some 'comments upon this
statement, and asked whose opinion should have
. most . we'ght, -that of a Judge of the Supreme .
court, a native or the State of south Carolina,
or that of the Attorney General! Mr. A. said he
was willing, if required, to say tinder the solem- '
nity of an oath, that this correspondence was ne
ressary to his defence. ,. '
Messrs." Warren,' Pickens and Smith, made
some remarks, when the question was taken by
yeas and nays and decided in the affirmative
ayes 97, noes 96. - ',',
The sccoud resolution relating to cireurastan-"
ces connected with, the trial of Captain Bolton of
the U. S. Navy, was then passed upon by yea
and nays ayes 95, noes 84. " " .
The other resolution was then read, when- .
Mr. Wise rose and submitted an aWndment
to the last resolution, to the effect that the Presi- .
dent be requested to furnish all information on
file in the Executive Department, or wherever ,
else it can be liad or obtained, touching the dis-
closure made by Mr. Adams to Mr. Jefferson of
the designs of the Federalists to bring about :
dissolution of the Union. , -
- Mr. Adams had no objection to the evidence it -self,
but regarded it as irrelevant to his owtv peso ,
lutions. - - '
The Speaker decided it was not in order.
Mr. Gentry moved to lay the third resolution
on the table. c The yeas and nays were . then- ta
ken, and it was decided by ayes 111, noys 54, to
lay the third resolution aside. . . ,
Mr. Adams then rose, and after thanking the
House for passing two of the resolutions which he
had desired, went into a relation of tlie history
of the "rise and progress" of abolition petitions.
Seven years ago, during tho firat week of his
membership in tin's House, he had presented a
petition for the abolition of slavery , in this Dis
trict, and had then stated that, he presented the .
petition without concurring in its prayer. ; -:s,
He said that much was said at the last session
about conscience, and lie was one of those who
allowed the President,. to act .in conformity with '
the dictates of his conscience. . lie claimed the
same privilege for himself, He said, in presence
of the House, and his God, that he acted from an
irrepressible sense of duty in presenting all peti
tions which were couched in respectful language.
But, if a Bill to abolish slavery in the District of
Columbia were to be brought in here to-morrow,
he would vote against it. S :
He was statnfg the ...manner in which this rcso-
utton was sprung upon him by a conclave ol
conspirators, and how it was intended to pass it
without giving him any opportunity lor ueienco.-. .
ooine conversation ensued betweon tne upcan-
erand .Mr. A, when. Mr. Small, of Va, rose, but
Mr. A. did not wish to bo interrupted.,
Mr. Smith said that ho was about to corrobo-
rato something which the gentleman had said.
Mr. Adams I say to tho gentleman "iwn ia
liauxilio." .'i--y,fvW?ii. '-.' '
Mr. Adams eofttinuod his remark's. He did
not deny the right of the House to try him inde
pendently of" the Courts of justice, but as he had
been accusad .of the crimes of subornation of
perjory and high treason, what he asked was
that the House would take some mode of giving .-
hint the benefit of that trial which lliey had re- -fused
him before tho courts of law. Mr. Sum
mers of Va., moved that the whole subject be re-...
forred to a select committee to report what course
of proceedings should be pursued thereon, and
moved the previous question, but gave way to Mr.
Gilmer who took the floor in defence of his own
resolution of censure on Mr. Adams. .., , vi.'.
8d. After some unimportant preliminary bu-
smess, ,.- ' a
Mr; Gilmer resumed his speech of the day be v
fore. i. At tho outset of his remarks Mr. G. ex
pressed a willingness to withdraw his resolution
of censure if the gentleman from Mass. would
also withdraw the petition which gave rise to it, ;
Mr. G. pausing for an answer,
MrV Adams rose and repealed that ho had been
actuated by a sense of duty in presenting the pe
tition, and had not been convinced ot the impro
priety of the act ho deohned, of course, to with
draw it.1 51 -r-
Mr. Gilmer lamented that anything should
have occurred to give rise to the present proceed
ings, but insisted upon the justice of his own -coursd.
" In commenting opon the extent to which
Mr. A. carried his notions upon the sacred right
of petition, he remarked that it seemed to him r
that the'gentleman took an abstract view of this
ight, and that he ought to be classed with him
self, and some others in the Hot so, who had ob
tained ,the soubriquet of "Abstractionists." '
Mir. G. made a speech of about an hour in -length,
and was considerably more moderate than '
those who preceded him on the same side; his
chief objection to the petition itself was, that it
served to familiarize the minds of the people
with the idea of rebellion and disorganization.
When he concluded, several gentlemen tried to
get the floor, but the Sneaker recognized
Mr. Gushing, who. however, : after expressing,
a hope that he might have an opportunity of be
ing heard upon the subject, as the petitioners !
were his own constituents, gave way to
Mr. Adams, who, seeing that the House were
not disposed to grant him the delay necessary to
produce documentary evidence irt his " defence,
and that there was a disposition to hurry his trial, -1
proceeded in a set speech in his own vindication,
To the very Interesting speech of Mr. A.,
which Is hot yet Concluded, (says the Indepen'
dent) we dare not undertake to apply condens
ing power; . It was Newton, w think, who said
Wilmington Chronicle (Wilmington, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Feb. 9, 1842, edition 1
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