1, Tony Brown's Journal J ?
I 4 A tlanta's Black ChildrenI
Sec Page 5 J
'; s witis\
VOL. VII NO. 28 U.S.P.S. No. W
J. 1 ^111 Uj
By Donna Oldham said, "I cannot in all con
Stqff Writer sciousness, remain a
member of this organizaFive
of the seven tion as long as the chairman
members of the board of does not adhere to the
directors of the East stated goals and objectives
Winston Local Develop- of the group. Therefore, I
ment _ Company,_ Inc., respectfully_subnjit this _
resigned Tuesday night resignation effective imbecause
they objected to the mediately."
way chairman R. Lewis Ray White's resignation,
represented the group. worded much the same way
Board members Melvyn said, "In the interest of
* L. White, and Ernest H. what I believe to be the best
Pitt, submitted written for the community, I subresignations
to Ray during a' mit herewith my resignation
board meeting held at 516 from the Board of the
N. Trade Street. EWLDC. The thrust of
In his resignation Pitt community ownership of
Predict City Vi
By Donna Oldham through violence and
Staff Writer threats of violence and intimidation."
One of the organizers of public opinion, Brooks
Southern Whites Against said, SWAT isn't "antiTyranny
[SWAT] has said black, but pro-truth, justice
that his group will resort to arid fairness. "Wealthy
violence, if necessa/y to whites are the targets, there
make Jheir objectives is something wrong with the
understood. system," he said.
Warren Brooks told the According to SWAT
Chronicle Monday that the literature SWAT ...
recent Klan-SWAT Coali- 1. "Is a Vlan.ha^lr^H
tion headed by Klansman white activist counter-force
Joe Grady and himself have to Communist-backed
a specific target, wealthy black activists.'*
white citizens of Winston- 2. "Is the working white
Salem. man's answer to corrupt of"We
are after the ficials and wealthy
wealthy, white manipulators."
manipulators who run this 3. "Will specialize in
city like a private country pragmatic politics."
club. They respond to 4. "Will deal fairly and
money, bloc votes, peti- in a straightforward mantions,
violence and threats n?r with minority members
of violence," he said conti- of society who arc
nuing. "The function of pragmatic enough to realize
the Klan-SWAT coalition is the inevitable role of
to convey grievances of low minorities in a democracy,
and middle income whites like Fleming El-Amin."
/^V1? ^ A If
By Donna Oldham
On March 1, 1951, eight black men of varied
backgrounds and vocations, came together and made
history as the first black firefighters hired by the City of
Winston-Salem. The eight, who will always be known as
"Company Four," were also the first black city
firefighters in the state.
None of the members of "Company Four," had
dreams of being firefighters as children or in their early
adult years, but all, once they joined the fire department,
made a career out of the firefighting profession.
Dr. Kenneth R. Williams, chancellor emeritus of
Winston-Salem State University and pastor emeritus of
United Metropolitan Baptist Church was instrumental in
encouraging the city to hire black firemen.
Church News I
Meetings, Stories and Sunday School | ^
l See Pages 17,18 and 19 J
"Serving the Winston-Salem C
>7910 WINSTON-SALEM. N.C.
the proposed shopping John Duncan, was asked to
center in East Winston must resign by Ray, but Duncan
not be thwarted. Where refused saying, "I'm not
there are philosophical dif- going to let him destroy all
ferences that cannot be our hard work. 1 am totally
resolved democratically, opposed to his conduct and
somebody must step in the actions; that's why I'm
background Jn order that staying.!!
organizational goals can be
pursued." Ray, a local attorney,
Immediately after White and the EWLDC began
and Pitt had submitted their having problems last month
resignations, three other when he made statement sat
board members, Bishop a meeting of East Winston
S.D. Johnson, Mazie S. Development Council
Woodruff and Naomi chaired by Alderman
Fuller all offered verbal Virginia Newell,
resignations to Ray. The a Ray called for the two
sixth member of the board, groups To bury the hatchet
and pool their resources
and work together.
? However, he spoke without
\\r\ f*| C3k consulting the EWLDC, the
HlftllvW former board members
"The problem is with the
chairman, who has a love
and affection with dealing
| 1 p with the press. I cttfiT
L\/lvllvv tolerate the confusion. Someone
needs to step fn The
background and let the
group move on," White
5. "Will turn those who Pitt said that although he
think the tail should wag believed in the local
the dog over to the Klan development non-profit
phase of the operation, like organization, he doesn't
Larry Womble." agree with Ray's methods
6. "Will insist that those or politics.
See Page 2 "What we hoped to do
See Page 2
By Yvonne Anderson capacity audience last week,
Stqff Writer in the university's Moore
Gymnasium. He was taking
Greensboro - The part in the Founder's Week
Reverend Jesse Jackson, progam at A&T as the
Director of the Chicago university celebrates its 90th
based organization PUSH birthday.
(People United to Save "All schools bave a misHumanity),
challenged the sion, the Harvards, Yales,
student body and faculty of Columbias, Brandeis,
North Carolina A&T State Yeshivas," Jackson said.
University "to remain true "The original mission of
to the school's original mis- A&T and other black colSiOn."
l^oi>c a nH n tii?>???!
uiiw u i T vi 31 ii&3
Jackson, a 1963 graduate throughout the country was
of A&T, addressed a $ee Page 2
)n, Pride He
i with Fire D
4 The reason the group succeeded was due to the
caliber of the men employed. Their training and ex
r i .i?. - f - * -
pcucucc was iar aoovc mai or ine otner trainees,"
He continued, "the mayor at the time was Marshall
Kurfees, and he was not opposed to the idea of hiring
black firemen. Another alderman, Charles Church, supported
the idea from the beginning. So, together the three
of us had to get the other aldermen to go along with the
plan. The NAACP was also instrumental in helping get
these men hired."
Williams began pushing the idea of hiring black
firefighters in 1947 and it took more than three years for
the program to gain ground.
"There was a station right in the heart of the black
community on Dunleith that had never had a black
fireman and I felt that the community had a right to have
blacks working in their community.
Williams said that when the fire department was
r First Hlaclc FYreftghterar \
An tndepth kx*k at 30 vrar# with the 1
^ See Page 1
Community Since 19 74"
Saturday, March 7, I98I
mm rM ^ * l~~
JL?t?i ViA&I j ti!iCiiJk4A4.
This lady trapeze artist is one of only three black entertainers
with Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Circus.
Retired educator and ReynoldrHigh School is berealtor
William* A. Bryant ing urged by members of his
may challenge East Ward community to run for Mrs.
Alderman Virginia K. Newell's seat, because as
Newell in this fall's elec- one of his supporters said,
tion, according to a source, "she's just not doing
Bryant, who retired anything."
several years ago as an Although he said that he
assistant pnnc.pal at R. J. rea,|y hadn<t made up hjs
mind, Bryant said that he
A ft r m j had given the matter "some
f /I ACj- I consideration," and would
' AA, JL definitely make up his mind
in time for the July filing
JHfe: date should he decide to
challenge Mrs. Newell.
*"* Sources in the East Ward
^ t0^ chronicle i^at
Wt^?^FL^Sr^K: i should Bryant decide not to
m run, the community would
I ^ave P?ssibly another candidate
to run against the
PV I current alderman.
_?* I Sources also told the
Chronicle that challengers
I were being sought in the
H;l Northeast Ward to run
:l against Alderman Vivian
Burke, however, no name
Jessie Jackson was readily available.
operated on an "all-volunteer" basis, blacks were,
welcomed and participated, but, when the city took over
the fire department and firefighters were paid, "blacks
were nushed out."
44l felt it was time to get blacks back in the system, he
When the Board of Aldermen finally did vote on the
issue of whether to hire black firefighters or not, the vote
was split four to four. Kurfees broke the tie and voted in
favor of the hiring pushing the proposal to victory.
The selection process for the city's first black
firefighters was an awesome task, according to Williams
because the city's first also had to be the finest.
44I feel the city got a bonus because all of us had either
graduated or had some college exposure prior to becoming
a fireman," said Raphael O. Black, one of the
original "Company Four."
See Haze II
I Highlights of 4km week, 's
*20 cents 55 Pages This Week
By Donna Oldham upon which relief can be
Staff Writer granted, and 3. Failure to
join a necessary party.
Wake County Superior Hobgood allowed the seCourt
Judge Hamilton cond motion and would not
11/%W??/J f ? I??? a/J ?% A a
nuugv-?vu ji M nas ^i3iui?eu auuiCM uic umci iwu.
the case of 11 black law According to Denise
school graduates who filed Welch and Clifton Graves
suit against the Board of Jr., both of WinstonLaw
Examiners of the State Salem, two plaintiffs in the
of North Carolina. case, their attorney, gave
The 11, who all failed the notice of appeal in open
exam last year, have since court after Hobgood
taken the exam and are dismissed the case,
waiting their scores which "We're getting our file
are due the first week in together and preparing to
April. perfect the appeal. We
They charged that the were optimistic but we were
board unlawfully and il- realistic, so the outcome
legally denied them their wasn't unexpected," said
due process rights by not Graves,
providing them with a con- The two said that they
stitutionally adequate level have gotten calls from white
of review after they were and black members of the
notified that they had failed legal community offering
the exam. their support. Other proThe
board in turn asked fessional organizations inHobgood
to dismiss the ac- eluding a nurses' group and
.tionsforl. Lack of subject the North Carolina
matter jurisdiction. 2. Association of Black Social
Failure to state a claim $ee pg^e y
By B. Hauser
to the Chronicle
Dick Gregory delivered
what he called a moral V
message to a near capaudience
Wake Forest Univlast
Although he spoke for 1
nearly three hours, most \
of his audience was on hand D/c* Gregory
when he finished.
Gregory urged his listeners to use the God force within
them to stop the playing of games sponsored by a few old
greedy manipulators while the masses are being ripped
off. "This will be a big job," he said, "but united, we
Sec Page 19
w ^ - !'*
pjj; * " wEEpr ^
Fire Chief Lester Ervin