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VOL. IX NO. 24 U S P S. No. 01
Two Hundred Tw
That's How Many j
There May Be In \
By EDWARD HILL JR.
"Take a handful of gravel," says one long-time
Winston-Salem resident, "toss it in any direction, and
you'll probably hit a black church." That
may be a bit of an exaggeration, but there is indeed
an impressive number of black churches in this
Our Black Churches
Local ministers estimate that there are between 200 and
225 black churches in Winston-Salem. Durham (47,474
black people) and Raleigh (41,227 blacks) have approximately
75 black churches each while Greensboro (51,373
blacks) and Charlotte (97,627) have close to 100 apiece.
Atlanta, with its black population of 282,911, as com'
Center TO Add IV
By RUTHELL HOWARD
t , ' . iv
The Winston-Salem Board of Aldermen approved the
city's plan to secure a loan for the expansion of the East
Winston Shopping Center at its Feb. 7 meeting.
The additional space, which will provide eight stores,
will be offered to black-owned stores or newly-formed
' _ _ l i
One black businessman, John Sledge, who owns a fish
For Jerry Smith
By RUTHELL HOWARD
Staff Writer ^
The food was good and so was the news announced
during a spaghetti dinner held for Jerry Smith in the
Winston-Salem Friends House Saturday night.
After months of waiting and preparation, Smith now
looks forward to his Feb. 14 day in court and he is also
happy to have a new supporter, the North Carolina Civil
9 Liberties Union.
Smith, a former Wilson-Covington Construction Co.
employee who alleged to the Human Relations Commission
and the media that the firm discriminates against its
black tenants, is being sued for $20,000 by WilsonCovington
for making the charges.
Smith, in turn, filed a countersuit for $250,000, which
has since increased to $253,000, including additional lost
wages, charging that the company is suing him for exercising
his constitutional right of free speech. Both suits
See Page 3
East Winston's I
By RUTHELL HOWARD a community th
Staff Writer again are beginr
More than $35 million has been .... . . v
~ Winston is shed
spent transforming East Winston in- . ....
.. it can only fost
to what it IS today, according to aty Qf ^ busjn(
And although the predominantly ,ns^n utua
black community still is not nearly ^ an,cs
what its residents say it once was or ~ and a shoppin
ought to be, it may be getting there. potential to be 1
During the past 20 years, East testimony to thi
Winston has slowly evolved from a And plans to
community that was filled with slum apartment comp
housing in some areas and little shopping center
economic development in others, to Lake YMCA to
All The Ingredients
?ry The Atkins High girls* basketball teai
ast everything it needs to remain undefeate
capture a tournament title this week*
Sports, Page 14.
ton - SaleI
"Serving the Winston-Salem Community Si
??9I0 WINSTON-SALEM. N.C.
* ; w -? ?
Vinston-Salem _ 4LJ
pared to Winston-Salem's 52,968, has approximately 3?0 _
Why So Many?
Why are there so many churches here and how do they
manage to survive in such close proximity?
"The more you have, the better it is for everyone and
- A* M . ? \
the lesser the conflicts," says Ernestine onirin, secretary .
at Emmanuel Baptist Church. "Besides, it's better to
have a church on every corner than to have a bar on every
Says one member of a load Baptist church: "I can only
speak for the Baptists. The problem that I have seen over
the past 25 years is that disagreement among members is
the biggest reason there are so many churches. Once there
is a split, the former minister and some of the members
leave and start another church somewhere else. It's been
going on for years. I'm sure it happens in otliqr places,
too, but not as much as here in Winston." fW
The Rev. J. Ray Butler, pastor of Shiloh Baptitt
Church and one of the more prominent black agisters in
the city, says it is a matter of convenience. T 1 >
See Page 3 v i i
''' r ,
market and has secured one of two store spaces that were
unfilled when the center opened last fall, has the only
black-owned store in the center thus far.
\ East Ward Alderman Virginia Newell called the expansion
a good investment opportunity for the city, for
minority businesses and for the center's stockholders.
'To me, it looks like a good deal/' Newell said after
the board meeting, "mainly because, so far, what is there
has apparently done very well. There is no reason why
See Page 11
Revival: What Ingr
at its residents once son Avenue facility add to the Dro
ling to point to with misc of revitalization.
* for example, East "Over on 'J 1th Street Botdmg
the image that jt was Q ramshack. East
er the development , ,, f _ ...
esses. Black-owned ?f IIth Street was Probably
I Life Insurance Co. outstanding for blacks. But
And Farmers Bank from there back to Fifth,
g center that has the there were rentals. Blacks
black-owned - bear didn't have ownership. "
lt fact- -- Charles McLean
build a $3.5 million ?
>lex across from the Substandard housing still plagues
and a new Winston the black community, but there are
succeed the Patter- signs of progress.
Thursday, February 10, 1983
BHD HHj^H f -. , .. HUH
Multi-talented Glenda Wharton, an associate pro
reveals how her rich life experiences contributed t
by James Parker).
Bailey Proposes ?
By ROBIN ADAMS
Winston-Salem/Forsyth County School Board
member Beaufort O. Bailey recommended to the board,
at its Feb. 7 meeting, a proposal that would make Martin
Luther King Jr.'s birthday a school holiday.
Bailey said that students are normally out of school
anyway for several days around Jan. 15 after completing
semester exams, so the proposal would not involve setting
aside another vacation day but simply renaming one of
"We could start a pilot project in Winston-Salem if we
took this action and it would also be nice for the school
system,** he said.
The board took no action on Bailey's proposal but
decided to send the idea to its Policy Committee for
In other action at the meeting, the board heard a request
from Superintendent Dr. Zane E. Eargle to waive
summer school fees for needy students. Douglas Carter,
assistant superintendent for special services, reported
that the summer school program has accrued a $50,000
surplus in the 25 years it has been operating.
edients Are Still IN
Under the East Winston General "Over on 411 th
Neighborhood Renewal Plan, was a ramshack
enacted in the early 1960s by the ci- remembering one
ty's Community Development of- many poor anc
fice, 1,203 housing units have areas. 4'East of 1
already been built in the area. bably outstandin
There are plans to build more. rrom there baci
Progress has been made, but East there were renti
Winston remains a study in con- have ownership.'
trasts, with handsome But McLean n<
neighborhoods as well as decaying black churches 1
problem spots. the past 20 yea
Many of the area's long-time complexes now
residents, such as Charles McLean, ^ast Winston. I:
73, say that the dual character has wcre apartment
existed for years. Winston, but th<
i're not referring to movies or ratings,
the number of musical instruments
-old Amadi Hummings has learned to
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feasor of art at Winston-Salem State University,
o her development aa an arttat on Page 13 (photo
Carter and Eargle recommended that the. money be
given to the three schools that are participating in the
program, with Parkland Senior High School getting
$2,500, Kimberley Park Intermediate School $1,000 and
Mt. Tabor High School $1,500. Parkland would be
allocated the most money, they said, because more senior
high-age students are expected this summer school session
due to the additional units required for graduation.
Walter R. Wiley Jr., president of the Forsyth Association
of Classroom Teachers, suggested that the surplus
funds be used to supplement summer school teachers'
wages so that they can be paid based on the certification
levels rather than at one blanket rate.
The board took no action on Eargle's or Wiley's
recommendations and will consider them at its next
meeting on Feb. 21.
The board also heard on a request from the Health Services
Committee that fruit juice, instead of fruit punch,
be served in the secondary schools. A complaint was raised
last fall by a concerned parent who questioned the
nutritional value of fruit punch.
The board unanimously passed a resolution
designating February as Black History Month, accepted
See Page 3
i Street Bottom/ it plexes, McLean says.
McLean says, The city's urban renewal plan
of East Winston's relocated many blacks out of East
i underdeveloped Winston and diminished the number
1th Street was pro- of corner stores and businesses in
.U . ...A D. .t rViAniiatto P n m
g for blacks But u,c DUl uiu^usus,
c to Fifth Street rnunity Development program
lis. Blacks didn't supervisor, says East Winston now
? , has "pretty much the same cross.
section of people it had there
otes that numerous before "
iave been built in Choquette says the area, which rs
and apartment had ^ perccnt dilapidated and slyrn
exist throughout housing in the 460s, is now mostly
n the 1950s, there occupied by low- and moderateduplexes
: in East jnCome families.
ere were no com- See Page 2