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P0BLI3HE0 WEEIiLY BY CH. C. liABOTEAU,
EDITOR AXD PROPRIETOR.
Tilt S'oSTM-CaBOI.l.t'A Tixii will be sent to Sub
Kiribati at Two Dollars sud a half per annum, it paid
k advansn. Thru Dollar will be charged, if pay
aust is delayed lix months. Thcso Tonm will bo in
variably edhersd te.
For srery Sixteen bac. r lew, On Dollar far tho
first, sad Twmy-Bv Coats for ac& sufwroont in
sortion. Court OraVis, dte. will be charged 35 per
otnt. higher; but a reasonable deduction will b muds
to those who advertise by the year. , , ,
U" Irflters on business, and all Communication
iuUndod for pifclication, in tut bo addressed to the
Editor, and poit paid. '
ADDRESS OFT.L, CLIN Til AX
' RECENT SENATORIAL ELECTION'.
To the Freemen of tie Firti Cmgrtuional Dis
trict nj Tiorth Carolina i
It har been my purpose for aome day to address
you on tin; subject of tho lute senatorial elrclion
In our Stats. Thit is dim to yon as my immedi
ate constituents, and as regards tlie State general- j
ly, It is proper that a statement should be made ex
planatory and defensive of the course of ray friends
as well a of myself. '
Before, however, dftAtiinjf - tho events of this
winter, it is right that I should advert briefly to the
former condition of things in the State. North
Corolina is six hundred and fifty miles in length
from oust to west. The senators, na well us must
of the other high officers of the State, have usual
ly been taken from the middle and eastern portions
of the State. Nearly half a century ago accord
in; to my present impression, a senator was elect
ed residing In the vicinity of Salisbury, near the
Yadkin. No one else living west of this fiver has
ever, in any other instance, as for as I know, been
chosen by the legislature to that station. Twenty
years ago both the senators, Messrs. Iredell and
branch, were from the east. Since then, both of
their, have been exclusively taken from the coun
ties of Wake, Orange, Caswell, and Cumberland.
There are eighty counties in the State, but these
foar join each other, aad form a tier directly thro'
the centre from north to south. It is also well
known, that, since the organization of parties on
thsir present basis, North Carolina has usually
been found a Whig State in the popular elections.
But It is a little remarkable that three of these fa
vored counties have been so thoroughly democrat
ic that no Whig candidate for the senate ha ever
received a singl vote from any one of them. The
fonrth county, Orange, though It hat never sent a
full Whig representation, has twice given one, and
sometime more, of its five votes, to the Whig can
. didates. The tract of country west of the Yad
kin river Is nearly three hundred miles in its ex
treme length. It also contains mow than one
fourth of the voters of the State. .. What is still
mart worthy of being noted, its political majority
for the Whig party, whether as shown in the elec
tion for governor or tha members of the legisla
ture, is greater than that of the State, taken at t
whole.' . In other words7, at a political party, east
nf this section the Whigs are beaten, and if. this
western region were equally divided, they could
neither elect a governor nor a senator. Whin,
however, at a party,; we are beaten in the centitl
niul eastern parts of tho StafN tlto West, by its
heavy majorities, neutralize and overcomes the
partial success of our opponents, and elves us the
control of the State,. This is immediately follow
ed by filling the stations of senator arid the other
lucrative ofljees Ly persons jiving in the central
part of the State, where we have been overthrown.
If we look abroad through the Union, we thall find
nnthinff like this system any wher -I miaht.bv
referenro to particular States, show, that in sonie
by, positive luws, and ia others by eastoma a
strong sod as jtnyielding as positive law, these
station are required ti be blltKI iiy person rnd
ing in different localities. That there re valid
rrasoas , for u?h a course I shall presentl show.
1 only now desire to en II attention to the fact, tint
the system that has been submitted to in our State
n. snly is unknown ebuwhere, but tisH it eteitet
amazement abroad, wherever i ja known, lM the
Sople of tjt West should have submitied to it.
y what (itoau (his extraordinary state of thing
. h uoen produced, t sftall tiave occasion to Mat
in the eonweoMrut adurets. ,jj a ..v;,tr,-i
jlnjiwtice hat been done, too, to the western pirt
of the ttte in othet- respects, .. ia 1836 the
. mended constitution went: into, operation, anil the
change .then made waa expressly understood to
hare been elfrttvd to put tlitr West on an equal
footing with, the Eatf at respects .legislation, be
eanse its rights ami interests had beea disregarded.
What has oeea the result under this ameliorated
condition, after we have) been advanced to a posi
tiofi of comparative erjuality, and are supposed to
have had some share la the benehts of tke eorern
ntentt 'Since then, or of the State treasury there
ha been ppmpriatei 1st Internal Improvements
,to railroads and swamp 1ad one million and nine
tuifttj.fo tnunsand dollara, nr one dollar M which
kt teeri eXndcd wwt f Raleich. This sum
ttiehJed In t!i eastern nirtof the State t eiul;
tiearlf to fty thousand Jollars lo () wunlf. But
the Wert, fW'gh fAnt it Interior poit.'on mot In
" want Of this kind pf aid,1 eould get nathin;.
When they hjMr teen - urged to aid s;the reply
wtt.lht intesteieat in our' trnieet wonHnot be
. Brofitable.- It i admktej, W over, now, by evcryl
00iy,tnax iras vum, xjjeautiu lor trie ocnem ot me
East, villUf 'Wit entirely, U wainly krt to the'
Kates o that onr' inrestmratr eould'Uot have
eea a lew 'vrofiiable: nm, in truth, as fat as
he hatj any data before them, they should have'
ten led to differem! eoacllision. ' Twenty years
ago, M roomew oi great iiifT.tniy, wnen strong
ly? nrgrS IcgiKlntirH,r'lii'vcstr4 the stim of fiye
Aousand (Wat hi ' fum'jiik in Bunrombc:-
Sihcyhat llnX aii1)asfcU'wl rfgiilar cfl
viuyitds, varyiflg fflfl ?evi?n per eent. iifi tolxtcon;
veir eeht. per atttiimt; ,' Atint ;the ' sutiie time they
-adyaneeil for tlie SwarWknoah 'Wad a much less"
urn, taking lioud and setfify from private wli"
vkinaj for s return. - 'Thl mnff Was rofitndcd,
tetheBNteihVss timrfftUIUeleglatuJt rt
lempl.ttei 'I It thin p;w'sr!ng that thpti ixruM-;
" mentsln the West Were s(ir6Mful, the leglsklora,
if fitr In their purposes, should haVo' been brortjjM
10 ilifHreot tour!ysi(n.
As fnrniahing additional evidence of tke spirit t
with which tha. legislation has been eondactod, I '
rnav refer to the action with reference to the liter.
ary fund. In 18J3 the lq'whiture set apart cer
tain of the Slate revenues for purposes of educa
tion, and provided, that as soon as the fund should
become sufficient for use, it should be divided ft
mniig the counties of the State according to thoir
while population. In the year 1840, however,
when the fund hid become sufficiently large 'to b
distributed, this provision wat repealed, tnd the
money was directed to be distributed according to
federal population. It it well known that the laws
of the State lortiid the teaching of slaves to read
and write, fnd therefore the object which tiff le
gislature had in viow was the education of th
trlttit children of (he Skit. To justify, therefore,
thit change, it must be proven thaf it requires a
larger expenditure to give the same amount of ed
ucation to the children' of those who own slaves
than it dues to thoso who do not own them.
I have referred, fellow citizens, to these things,
to exhibit what has been the action of the Stale
with reference tointtrnal improvements, education,
and the distribution of office. -n ''
To show that I havt not been willins heretofore
to submit quietly anil silently to this condition of
itngs, 1 may refer to my course aa far back a
ie year 1B40, when 1 had the honor to represent
portion of you in tho State Senate. When urg
ing the adoption "of a measure for the hanefit of
the West, I made an elaborate statement to show
that the VTest had never receivsd anything, but
lat all hail pone to the Centre and East ; that we
had acquiesced too tamely, perhaps becanso we
were "willing that tho elder branch of the family,
'houldbe sorved first;" and concluded by asking
he question. u Oueht not the benefits, as well aa
the burden, of government to fall on all alike ?"
There was no favorable response to this question;
and I at that session, in connexion with one or two
other gentlemen, sought to no purpose, howover
to organize a systematic resistance to the cen
tral action ; and since then, under our tame tub
mission, the evil his been aggravated. , , ;
Havingr, fellow-citizens, liken thit preliminary
view of the condition of things, I come now to
spesk of the recent occurrencM. ' After the elec
tion in August last, it was ascertained that there
was a tie between parties, on joint ballot, In the
general asscmWsv It, therefore, teemed oncer-
tain whether a Whig Senator culd be chflsen
without Democratic aid. 'It wat also then believ
ed (rightly, at the event has shown). that the Hon.
Ueorge E. Badger would not receive at! the Whig
votes, even in the East, and there was ho reason
to suppose that he could receive the support of any
Democrat ' It was also known te my friends that
two or three- gentlemen elected at Democrats,
were willing, from considerations purely personal,
tp vote for me against even a Democratic nomi
nee. It was obvious, ther:fore, that it would be
in the power of t he Whig party to elect a Whig j
Senator by t majority of six, it they should deter
mine to give their support as a party to a certain
individual. My friends imagined that public con
siderations might, in such a contingency, .induce
them to take thja course. Beside this, titer wat
a feeling, wlijCii has recently been gaining strength
most rapidly, that the western member owed it at
a high duty to their constituents not to submit
longer to the unjust exclusion ot all western men
from public stations. I also teamed that, in addi
tion to the opposition to Mr- Badger in the K,ast,
one m the. western hig members, pelore 1 taw
or had any communication with him either direct
or indirect, had expressed a determination, in the
strongest language, uot to ruto for the incumbent
inany event., .y,,,;,; ;( .j, .,,'.:! . ,:. Uie
Bei ng in Raleirrh, on my way to thit place, when
the legislature assembled, and Understanding fully
the condition of things, I advised: my personal
friends to make no opposition to Jur.i Hadgeri se
lection. In fact, I wtnt o fur a to state that I
should, if a member, have felt bound by my former
course to yield: far U' party obligation St to
cast my vule for htm at the nominee of the party.
I liirther advised them to act at they prelerred
individually, with reference to attending the cau
cus, but that they should not make any effort there
for me individually. Borne ofthm attended, while
others stayed away that who- went throwing
their votet on other persons, in compliance with
what they regarded as my wishes, Lest it shoalil,
be Supposed that I ousht to have nrtred ebon them
the propriety cA supporting the incumbent, t moat
promise, in the) nrst place, that no personal friend
of mine should either hV obstacle thrown In hi
way by me, or fnil of success for want nf any aid
of mine, bat that the "circumstance out of which
my personal dlmeuti with Mr; ' Badger grew
would, at for at it Is possible fur any thing to do,
relieve me from all obligation torfecftoneer for him
as a candidate forth Senate; and secondly, (ht
thotirt ennosed te him' BeToonallv. vet. if nubile
consideration existed, I should htvtV yielded to
them-Mi,r example, it the incumbent had been
a man of eminent ability, whs?- absence wonld
have beet felt untie' public council. It It hardly
necessary for me to state that so such condition of
things as thl exuted.w that few well-informed
men will dispnt that there an i the State at least
iKn individuals, sny one of whom I ts well
qnnlined personally for the station at the jrresent
incumbent, and the election of most of whom
would, as a party movement; have been ranch rjiora
advantageous to those.with whom lact politically.
It mav be fnrllier remarked! that s 'for wa ho
front being the choice of tlu State generally, tlut
the opinion Watty he mean iineorrirMoit; if ' Ratf
eigh that h wit sot th:flratehc4cl-,ebra m!tV
jority of the Whig member, though ncinirrate(l.pjr
the svstani which I shall presently exptifrt. : '' ; ' .
His bomi? the incumbent wa decidedly 1h"ni
favor ; though the stratagem by which he was el
evated twt) years ago greatly impaired, If it did not
entirely deprive:himof rtiit advantage.-,"'1 ! '"'
Belore leayin? naieigri, l expresaea a 'wisn yr
my friend that should not he put lit nomis itiiin,
.unless it should be ascertained, slier ImUoring,
that Air; Bulges eM4 'SVH tleet.st, ' ' 1 t'WrK-r
stated to them, thai whatever copree they might in
the flid resolve to take would b a'rnuiewced d
sustained by mei' Itwait then' fu'tipWeJ thai the
election would be postponed, Untft the' Vacancy
from Yancy should be upp!i(lj but vole'.iyaa
suddenly ordered atatiyarllor day, an4 ioim 'of
my friends took the responsibility of voting against'
rtir tyMhifjif, TWti'j at nne.f requests . hy jjit,m
to r.'tiitn it lt.ll"gh, afteVe'onsultatibfi Wo with
some of thosi 'political frieVi'lsiit who judgment
I had mosf i?oijftJvnc.',I I aeocih-d to their request.
Ob my arrival tltere, I learred that thev !md de-
culedtn run ine as an independent candidate, on
grounds hereafter to be considered. Availing my
self all the time adorned mo in collect iiili:rination,
before the balloting began I submitted to my friends
the opinion that it wa not, under the circumstan
ces, advisable to inukt stand. . Tliey, however,
with my acquiesceure, decided on a different
tonrse. After tho first vote occurred, 1 a'in de
sired such of thenras I net to vtte fbrme of .tho
ether gentlemen then in: nomination, (MiMsrs
Badger and Swain ;) but they preferred a different
Course. After the third ballot had occurred, but
before the result was announced, Mr.: Farmer, in
accordance with tins opinion then expressed by me,
changed his vote so as to eloct Mr. Badger. This
he could not even then havo accomplished hut for
the fact that the Democratic Senator from Stoke
withheld his vote on Some understanding with Mr.
Badger's friends, while another inembor of the
same party was absent from sickness. Before,
however, staling the reasons for this change, 1
must advert to o-.ie other matter. Shortly after
my arrival in Raleigh, I received A letter from
several gentlemen of the1 Democratic, party, con
taining inquiries ss to my opinions on certain
points. It wat my impression, at first, that 'the sit
uation in which I found myself placed w.s such
as to exense me frovi answering their 'tnouirie ;
but a moment's reflection satisfied me that I wis
in error in using mis view, ino m-Tnuers oi nif i
legislature are made by tlie constitution the elee-;
is under our system supposed to represent the
views and feeling af th State, and as the mem
bers of the legislature, in making the selection, act
for and are responsible to their -constitnents, they
have a right to know the opinions of tlie person
for whom they may reasonably exjiect to vole ; and
no gentleman, either a candidate Or willing to ac
cept the station, has, in my judgment, a right to
withhold an expression of his 0unions on impor
tant snhjecw. :'" . .' ."' ''.'''
With thee view my Mply wat dictated. It was
written Immediately alter the receipt of their let
ter, without consultation with any rine. It was
written to those whose views were, in many re
spects, different from own, but who were gen
tlemen of high charaeter and standing,' actuated',
as I well knew, only by elevated, honorable, ami
pntr vie motives; and tlieraforo my . statement to
them wst couched m language the most respect
ful and courteous, and yet sufficiently intelligible
that there might he no misunderstanding between
us. 1 I now give the letter and my reply thereto.
Raleich N. C, Ikcember the 1 S4S."
Hew. Two has I Ctisw iivn- ..-.
DfAB tnt; Thtr position von oeirpy In rela
tion to the election of United" States Senator, now
pending before the legislature of this State, justi
fies us (wa think) in respectfully propounding to
you the following interrogatories, to wit :
1st. JJo you oeiieve it expetient mat congress
should charter a United States Bank f And if a
member of the Senate, would yon tote for charter
ing such en institution 1
8dlv. Are you i.i lavoro: the repeal or the Tar.
iff of 18 M f : Or pf a modification thereof, afflict
ing, .materially, the principle of (aid law ?
,lv. Are you intavoro) the repeal of the law
esbiblishingtM Irxlependent Treasury I '
4thly. Uo you believe that Congress na the con
stitutional power to legislate anon the subject of
the existence of slavery in the Territories of die U-
nited Bute. '
Believing 1hat yon are prepared rightly to ap
preciate the motives .Which prompt as to submit
you these inquiries, w respectfully solicit at) ear-
ly answer to this communication.
w e nave ins nonor ro oe, -
1 . Your obedient' servants, : .
;.',.,-:,,,, G, QRAZn,
.i s- i v ;eo. bower,"
; !.r,r i . W. H. THOMAS, '
i i .. j D. W, COURTS,
.'-,".. s A. If. SHl'FORD, J
::..!-: a. I. PERSON.
Jtqify iijflvt Hen, fi'L.'Crwgmtirito the commiftt,
.. , . , ) KALElfiil, Vecetfibtr 1848.'
Gsri'LBXEX : I have before tne your letter of to
day askinc niv opinion in relation; to certain sub
ject therein referred to.. You state, a a rei'-wn
lor desiring to know my opinions, that an election
it now pending for lira station of Sena tor of the U
nited State beloro your body,, Agreeing fully Willi
you In tlie opinion, that under our ropublie.m sys
tem of government the constitutional electors of
the Senator have a right to know the view of all
persons from among whom they may be called up
on to make (election, I give you uiy opinion inort
cheerfully. Havinc adspted no sentiment but
tlios which I am willing that all the world should
know and fully suderstand, I, regret that circum-1
staoces put it oat of my power to give yon trior
than tlie outline of my view at thit time. -.
And first. In relation to the establishment of a
National Bank, I have had occasion to tay, repeat I
edly, in public addresses daring the past year, that
I did not believe there f aa, inany quarter, a dis
position to create such an institution, and that the
tat of the country, a well at llw condition of the
public mind, furnished decisive objection to etry
such measure should the movemeat beaatde. Mjj
j Secondly, Wiih refore nc to the existing Tariff
lawt, though not i a fa.vor of. their wpeikj yet i am
inJuced to believe Ihst soeie rrwJificstions ate ne
cessary. At,.,iowvev iaere are hundred ef
Item embraced, .it would be impossible for M to
designate: nowi even if 1 had the time, the nrecleel
altera tioes that might be fonnd necectary. Believ
ing tha while some of tlw duties ma be too high,
others, are too low, perhaps, I should desire te be
loft free tvieict,iwheR altera tioae art proposed, as
my judgincntr actuated by all the information .
1 rouhl obtain, vhould docliicto be rightil i l feel at
berty to fay, however, Vnl I llionli t opposed
to ine re-euinisiunj.' eiuif r-Hjne ,i ra oi il',
nr other Jtud tariff, hatehnqlii desire hat any
S Iteration which might be made shiMild be engraft-jeJhy;W-iy
f auvmijuiuts totJte-esisting law.'.
,,'t'iikdly,.l ) bienJnfomied from the higlieat
!soiirci;s,tlmt fite DJiitin jaw estivblisbint lit tn
Jependent 3'rea.tury, i ii jnch a charaoter that it
is n'aexecntwl accorJina to all ,t reioiremeats,
and have reason totiel'eve that the SsorCUry of
tlia Treasitry.bat foind 4 tinpW.itaW to have
all It fletaile eoforpeo) in-i .pyaeivosu-.. v. -I. avr tn
doul but that some sltenrtioas t'honl'j be mi4i0 tn
the prcsmit sysUanj but am m prepared to to
what extent these alteration nhoufd gn; At,
hnwerec, the Secretary nf (lie Treasury hat, to
JANUARY 26, 1849.
my own knowledge, made depositee in tho Stato
banks, in Bom;' instances in violation of the exist
ing law, as I unnderstand It, I think it probable,
that in that particular, at least, there should bo
such alteration as would leave the proper discre
tion in the Government officers, .
, Fourthly. With reference to die power and du
ties of Congress over the Territories of the Uni
ted State at far as laywy is oorwttirried, I wnuW
beg leave, in tho- lirst piaco, to refer yon to my
siioeeh of ll.e last session for mi" views in detail.
I have there stated that I consider the adoption of
what is commonly called the Wiluiot proviso, or
the exclusion of slavery from the Territories of
the United States, as being, in my judgment, as
gross a violation of the Constitution as the Gov
ernment could possibly commit. A violation of
such a character ns wo'dJ justify the Southern
States in resisting its execution by all-the means
in their power, becanso unjust and degrading to
Should yon, gentlemen, find this oiillino of my
opinions less full than you might desire, I trust
Vou will attribute' its deficiencies to the hasty man
ner in which they have been drawn up, rather than
to any disposition on Biy part to conceal my views.
u rule I admit that I shoHid be highly grabbed
if 1 were nlaced in the Senate nf the United States i
by the constitutional electors, 1 am not willing to !
obtain anv, much less so high a station, by con- I
ccaliniror witlihoIdincinV views. I am sure thntr
ro0 gentlemen, would neither respect ino as a !
insn, or support ino as a cauuwiite, ii you tegard- j
edmejis capable of, deception. Having been j
placed by my 'friends in the position of an inde- i
pendent candidate, and 'believing that the South
will noed all the strvngth in the next Senate of the j
United States that it can possibly have under tho
constitution, I Simula leel proud ol the distinction,
il conferred on me, and would use my best efforts
to advance the interests, in the first place, of my
constituents, snd secondly, to promote the welfare
and honor of our common country. "
With sentiments of the highest respect,
: H I am, your obediont servant, -T.
Messrs. C. Giuvr;, Geo, BowBit, W. 11. Titoit
as,D. W, CouriTS,- A. II, SuUford.S. 1. Pinsott.
On tobkinc over my lcttei" thns hastily written,
-I find -nothing which, on reflection, I desirs to
cliango; uothing in it which differs materially,
from tlie'views entertained by the sagacious anil
wise men of that party itl which 1 have always
acted. In short, it is their opinion that a Nation
al bank will not, and ought not, under existing
circumstances, lie brought forward; and that tlie
Tariff snd Independent Treasury laws must un
dergo changes, though there may be soiniJ diversi
ty of, opinion as to tTie extent of these changes.
With referenoo to the last bt those, I may further
remark, that but three, modes of keeping mid dis
bursing the public revenue have been atony time,
us far as I know, recommended.' As to the first,
a National Bank, I have remarked sufficiently.
Secondly,' the State bank deposits tyutem, never a
favorite with the Wings, and which signally failed
under Mr. Van Buren s administration ; and, third
ly, the Sub-treasHry, or Independent Treasury as
it was called. ' This last system, though modified
and changed from what it was when first advoca
ted, is still in such a foiat that it ha been found
impracticable to cxeci-Ae it in all respects Tha
fact that, during the existence of the .Ifc.xicsn
war there have been loan and large emissions nf
Treasury notes, ha alleviated the effects of the
system on tho businesabf the country., Whether
to avoid the cost nf transporting epecio from point
to point, and of creating various places of depos
its, draft would be issued under proper restric
tions, and deposits be made,, in certain casen, ia
State bnnlsS, arc questions horciifter to.be discuss1
od ad decided. With reference to this whole sub
ject, as welt ss to the Tariff, J expressly left my-
self free to tct ts I might hereafter thi
With reeard to the last eubject,.tlmt of slavery in
the territories, I referred particularly to my speech
of the last session, qnoting from memory substan
tially an extract or.two. This being, as far as I
know, the only subject on which those gentlemen
regarded Mr. 'Uadgoi anil mysulf as differing, 1
considered, it as fortunate tor roe that I had it.ii)
my power to refer to a full exposition of uiy virws,
made piibllc severtfl montlis before his speech on
the same subject, and thereby relieving me from
any Suspicion of having sought to maka an issue
wiih hiin on tho qnestio.f as a means of defeating
him. ' ..' ... ,i. -.. ...'. j... ...
As far athpropriofy Qr,fc:oivIrigiHpport from
political opponents is 'Concerned; "ft has been ex
pressly (auctioned by lioth ? the grriiit parties of
the State.! .: In 1843, the Demoeratie party being
in a majority, nominated, as their senatorial candi
date, the honorable Bofilbnt Brown, arid the hon
orable R. M. Saunders opposed him lis an fade?
pen Jordi candiiW, ensuirteJ by a minority of hi
own party. Alter a nurrer ot liallotings had ta
ken place, toe Whig ceiernnned to abandon their
own ueminee end. tupeoit Jodge Saendars.. . In
the eaaous at which, tliis decision wat made, Mr.
sadger-and myself were both present; and though
he oiade a- (poecb ia favor oi adhering to the
Whig rKxninoe. while I, in rcr,iy to .liiin, took ih
other (ide, yet as soon as it was determined by ,,'
Tory decisiy t"M Oiat the party should aupport
I uuie Saunders, there was a general acqunraccDce
Injjie eflort.lo carry out the abject, saTue Whig
having thus decided thst it was right for them tp
ssppoit JuiJge Saunders, puld, lh)t':rrgHrd it as
wrong.fotJuiit tfl rweiye tlwt npport, . The- tours
of a ma jority of the Democratic mptnbora 'he
iraen(eitei is ovtdeao llwt Ihey find nothing in
t c condemn,.- At f w ledividuaily coo
cetned, tjiere Was, as I lve already sit owe, web.
ttacle in tho way of my occupying' eueb a posi
tlorWi (lauv-TVykir tnok the ground that he, a n
independent Candida to, would accept aeffiinationa
either from Whig or Democratic meeting t yet
thit position of , his did not keem .objectionable to
the Whig party' generally, or its National Conven
tion could not nave nominaUd him ', even after his
nomination there, he, with thf continued support
or his party; avowed bie wilhngnefte to receive
noriuiutioiman'lwipport froiii Democratic assoei.
ation of wed. Bat my own case 'r rnor fovorSJ
hU that evemhlav i f lie Democrat, u ' wirtv.
did not ma,k mn their rlomiike. :' 1hey, tn fact, it
I havo tearrkd, tstermlnod toake no nomination,
bflt tn Viave h ' gentleman fh to tet at he pre
tohsf. There wat obyioosN; no impropriety In
mv tc'.iog tnjir nport, standing, as I did, In
the atttTudn of an independent candidate. On tlx
contrary, I feel thai I have a rijht to lit jnttly
TERMS: $2 50 PER
$3 00 IF PlTMLVr
prorj of bucIi support, given not in obedience to
p irty requisition or for the advancement of party
interests, hut in opposition to party organization
and against party prejudices ; given from high
and patriotic considerations of public duty ; u sup
port doubly honorable from the circumstances
under which ii was extended, as well as from the
character 'nod position of those who tendered It.
t TWe waiMlMT eireiimstiiic worthy of being
mentioned in this connection. , To induce a Dem
ocratic. Senator from Stokes to support Mr. Bad
ger, I leiirji that it was proposed that his friends
should agree to divide that county centrally, a he
desired to have it done.. .Though the Whigs gen
erally were unwilling to agree to vote for ilie mea
sure until they should, on examination, be satisfied
of its propriety, yet 1 was credibly informed th it
there wure some of !;is activo supporters who de
claied that ihey were willing to ' go jt blind."
Tlioo very persons who profess themselves will
ing to sell their votes in a matter affecting serious
ly the rights and interests of other persons, to in
duce thereby a Democrat to vote for Mr. Badger,
and who was thus induced to decline voting, are,
J nevertheless, violent in Lheir denunciations of me,
because uoinocrats voluntarily, irom a sense oi
public, uuty, think proper to supporymc. Again,
in other elections some of his lead i lie; supporters
havo abandoned the Whig candidates and voted
for Democrats without drawing on themRelvcs one
word of censure from thaws newspapers that have
denounce.! my friebds, not because they voted for
JJemocrat.--, tmt :tiiiiy because they did not vote
for a. particular Whig candidate, '..The reason,
however, for t!i i distinction in the cases, is to be
found in tlie fict.that those ersons were thereby
favoring the proteges of the central junto, while
inv friends were actine in opposition to their view.
But tlie question will be asked, fellow-citizens,
why did I assent to my friends yielding, in any c
vent ? Why, since my vote was increasing at
each ballot rapidly, and since it was understood
that wme Whigs intended, if I came near ah e
lection, to change their votes from Mr. Badger to
me,.apd tlivruby elect me, why was pot the con
test prolonged to the last moment? : Had there
lieen no other motive for the course of my friends
than lo secure- my vlechon to the Senate, tliit
would have been don. But the leading object
they had in view was. to assert the right of their
section of the State to a share in the public hon
ors ; n ml a great stride bad been made in that di
rection by demonstrating that thry and I had the
connnre to assert that right against all the power
and influence which the central clique Could bring
to bear On us. It bad not only been shewn that
there wat a spirit of independence aroused in tlie
hearts of Western representatives, feeling of
self-respect, and a regard for the righto of then"
constituents, but it had also been shewn that they
had the power to resist the "central action. ' In
short; ithad been demonstrated that the incumbent
could not succeed without their aid, much as it
might be contemned. 7 They had shown, that un
der the impulses of a spirit of manly independence
they lacked neither the Twiner nor the will to resist
It is by no means certain that this leading object
would would have been advanced by teanring a
different result in the contest. Had I beea tlected,
it might, with more appearance of plausibility,
have beea alleged that the only motive to action
had been a personal one, vis a desire to advance
a particular person. Had it sjinply resulted iu tho
overthrow of Mr. Badgor, andthe election of soms
third person, it might (till have, been set down td
the score of malice against a. particular individu
al. Yet the resistance would have been persever
ed in but for considerations which I am about to
state, i My position was one of great delicacy and
embarra ssment. Itt the first place, I wat, teeming
ly, in opposition to the great body of tlie Whigs
of tha t party, to the promotion of whose tuersss
the efforts of my political tifa had been directed
Sucondly, it was iniinifest that a number of Dem
ocrats were ayotse fo. voting fox, any Whig, aad
were standing out in the contest between Mr.
Badger and inyself.'i They' having thown them
;lves thus unwilling to vote after repeated 'rials,
4 as I under any obligations to hold en till iv was
seen whether they would bo dred, by the force
of circumstances, into m J ' support ? Or was it
not magnanimous on my rt to relieve thorn frem
such an alternative? But there wit, In the third
place, consideration which was Controlling with
me. , A majority of the member from my owa ht
trier, but with whose motive I tnd no fault, were
acting tgainrt me." I Iwve never' yet, fellow-eiti
zeris, sought, or been billing to receive, a public
trust against (lie Wishes of a majority of those
persons in my own section) those to whom I sm
beat known personally, It is true I did not believe
lht these gentlemen fairly represented the views
of their own section. I Hid not believe,' nor "do I
how believe; that Mr,- Radger' Die choice 'bf
trie m jority of our district, r evert that he eoulil
have beaten me before the pesjile In any one pf
die twelve counties ccmprisingNtJ, Whetherl'krh'
right in this, non are so well qitiiified to judge as
you; gentlemen ; Mill, had I taken the office under
the circuirwutnoos, I houldaprnrently, not . hare
been sustained by the 'gpnenit feeling of my ewrl
Section. I was sot willing, thsrefortf that a con
teet tor my personal advancemont thdnld 'bt pro
longed unifier tnchcircvinttarfeeg. 'Ai was flieh
iMM'd, 1 had donbts at least and ih a person
al Blotter, where one hat doubt, it i safest (or him
to. decided tgl Inst himelf. The result mny nave
ditappoiiite'iewe4''perk,'h09 posiiiorr Was
hot so well understood bfthjpiib!itf; I ihearitlwseJ
Kio'wrre oeiiroas (lint Mr. Badger should be de
foi. ted, but who, nevertheless, 4p(ieii rW' 6 b Ijis
most decides) tnd elamoreroe ssmiporters. - They
being anxious that he should be broken down end
gotten off tlie field to Make Way tbr! Other candid
ates, were still aeslou fo hitr fn-heemlng, 'with
a -view of being themselves in I . bette position for
therace, s Bouie confident that IhV friend Wuld
Stand out and defeat him; they felt et liberty- t6
play the game very Wrongly against thetni '' ! sob-
mit humbly to these eeutiemen, that wheti tliey
were joining'! the igeheraV elamof aeaiiwt 'my
friends; end tncresstiigee'naclt a - possible the1
diilicultyof ilielr position by -throwing -their Own
weight on to.4m,tn them do I submit ' it, that the
have really tie right to Complain thats they -Would
Mt,;fc ilsfir benefit, bearthe 'burden ' Ihdeflutiely.
I '"Ah ft'ws,th'oe yoinvj irien.VxliiWtPil1 irj".(liat,
trfint jkisition '4iwseveranoei'tl'jnoral firmness.
a hich coarAc!, in defence tsf tho liberty khd in-
dependertee of fheit section." worthy f the dart
when Harmodiu ami Arutogito overthrew tht
tyranny ft Athena. , "
ANNUM, IN ADVANCE, OR
IS DEI.tVEw SIX MO.VflW. .
Having thus fcllowriliaens, detailed tho leading
facta connected with this transaction, and advert
ed to sonie other matti rs connected with tlivm, I
am brought tothe consideration of the grounds up
on which my friends resled their opposition" to tin
central action. ' In ilia earlier history of our Stato
individuals were brought forward, by themselves :
or their friends, on 'their own rcssinibility, a
candidates fornffre?. Hence it sometimes, llionjli
rarely, happened that thoee were elevated to liiuh ,
stations who resided remote from tho centre. Bat '
for a number of years past such has riot lieen tha '
case. The change seems to be owing to this cir
cumstance : Political parties having, for tho last
fifteen or more years, been pretty closely balanced
in the Stale, it was thought necessary to resort to
the cancus system. By this means a party hav
ing a small majority on joint ballot may ulivsys
secure tho election of its own men. This innchin- ,
erv, however, though convenient, is liable to the ,
grossest ubuses ; and hone it has elsewhere been '
found necessary to impose certain limits on its ac
tion. Such, hoivover, has not hitherto been the
ease in our State ; and henee (lis evils have been
vastly greater than the advantages which haro
resulted from it. ! ; '
Such has been the situation of things in North
Carolina that public opinion is not only directed
and controlled, but ia manufactured, to a great ex
tent, at the centre. The news-piper there pub
lished, being the only ones in the State having any
genera! circulation, and being the first to give tho
proceedings of the , legislature, and the action of
the State government generally, are looked to :
with confidence, and aro able lo form mainly th
opinion of the State. 3ut these paiers, not so
much porhapB from any want of liberality on th
part of their editors, as from tlie power of pnf.icu
lir local influences brought to buar.on them, seem
to have been mainly directed lo the advancement
of the views and interests of a few persons in that
vicinity. Tlisugh they pronssa to be the prgansof
their parties in the entire Stale, yet tliey are not
only devoted to the advancemont directly of their
favorites, by the most extravagant sytem ot lau
dation and puffing, but they carefully exclude from
their columns such statements of fact a might '
bring into prominence uthers at a distanec. For
example, if someone of their friends should atone
point have the courage to meet in debate a Demo
cratic candidate for the office of Governor, tlie mutt
elaborate eulogies are made in celebration of In ,
daring and of his great triumph ; but when that
same candidate reaches our district,' he may t-o
met at every point in it, and so met a to reduce
his vote throughout the district, and yet lio notice
is taken of this by these professed organs of the
whole State. If a general officer, after a battle,
were; in a report professing to give a lair account
of all that occurred, to notice in terms of high
eulogy certain officers, while he took no notice of .
others equally or moro meritorious, such oniissio
would amount to positive injustice and injury. A-
gain, in the election last summer it is well known
that tho. Democratic candidate fur. tha o.lico of .
Governor made considerable gain on tha vote of .
his predecessors. As compared with liie contest :
tour yea rs ago, which, because it immediately pre
ceded the Presidential election, and for other tea- ,
sons, was adopted as the , standard of romparifnu,
it appeared that , tlie loss' , of the Whig candi
date was, throughout the St'li generally, a com.
pared with th eon!et of 1844, nearly cquaj . r
three hundred In each Congressional, district lit
our district, ofjng to the facf that thero are thera ,
a larger number or immigrants from other State
than elsewhere, attracted liy' the gold mines and
other causes, and as all of lliein, unaccustomed iu
the States of their fprmer rcsidenoe tij such a diss, .
crimination aS prevails between voteri for the Si- .
rate and for the Common and feciuig,, ss yon ,
know, In some instanae, iep'ugnanc :e, strong '
te oar system tliatthey refuse to vote at all, Us
cause they are not allowed lo.vote all around; it
was natural, I say, that these, pnrsom should La .
most operated npon by Jhe tree suflrnge ucstfonr J
the issue npon which our candidates lost ground. ".
Under such circumstances, it wa not to fe re
garded as surprising if there should be a irreMi r
mm with us than the average cf the State gener
ally, uut, in point et tact, imteau at fottn thren '
hundred votes with its, tlie Whig candidate actu
ally gainei two hundred and' Jorty-cight, bv the
stannard universally adopted, being upwards of fiv e .
hundred fxtttr than ih the other districts.. Instead,
liowevor. of our getting credit for standing up under
.dyersity teltet ihan other aecliaiu, trie reverse ia ,
he fact; and such havo been tlie representations ,
mad, that all through th centra.) regions it seem '
by this time to be undcrrtooJ that ohit loss in the ,
summer occurred mainly in the West ; and I we
mused recently toeoe ibaloiia"of our owiiTepre
entatives, after a residence of only ten day ui-
Raleigh, had become firmly convinced ot this fivct.
But, in iho recont election for I'rosiJont, cur ground ,
in the State wa recovered 'again ; and upon Usj ,
appearing; that there had, from Augurt to Kovctn
ber been a gain, in one or two of the metropolitan .
district, of two pr three Jiiiudred.tiiey are in tL'se
papers, greatly glorified; and thi chjnge n prop
erly ascribed to the extraordinary effort and won-u
derfulploquetic of Mr,'A;MMr, B.!nd other;
wuiie to our oivn district, wiiico, even , in tlie sum,
merdid better, both' positively and comparatively, j
than the rest of the State, a irainof thirteen lim'i- .
dred it unnolicei ,JJotqnly o, but 1 have now '
kr . t :' -f-..i . , i
aviuc pamgrspH in circinaqon, WPOCIt Ulee
tv States the inaioritv for Hen. To vim in tine Ji...
trict at one thousand less than 4 really wa s, whilw
it exaggerate a much the vote of another di- r,
trict.ie the State, so a tp enable these person, to
argue, as iney uo, mai our is pot the sthvignnf;
VV'hlg district in tlie State,., The editor whomakes
iich a statement, as Well s those who republish),,
Bl'r.nowtli truth very woll.Waine ihey lure oil,' ,
( think, published In their 'eoiamns tlie votes of ih.i
diftereirt ciiuntiis; but hy know thst few of lheir
feaijors, in the Sute generally, can ..tell pi-ruoly.
what Counties constitute ili-tru t, and lht ktili
fewet wiiuldhe likely,; to .'select twelve' coumirii".
from a list of eighty, !plphabntically armnged, ami,
fou; up tho iwjoriti-s, i ft to doled ti;f fi.iirep. ,
resentalion. " " ' ' 1 , , ; .',
I J have roferrfd to these f merely W ii!i.'
fration. To detail all fiiih might tilm'v volms,
y tilth ineun a m. jwt'tte ojunwai is inai!t hi ,
he state tht unwof well .i1 1 nrno- of ti.
, . 1. L l ... ' ! 5
arm. . p eeen .remaiftt'd , t.- i ....
jind (iriiiiVth.itth DeiiMcrata of t'-
ciriirrt tivi r
us Willi more consideration than 'to tlw(, .( N:r
own party ; yet the former can have no tuotivoe ttf
(i'ltHtlutkJ oh jCirr jMt.)