Raleigh Times (Raleigh, N.C.) /
Feb. 23, 1849, edition 1 /
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SENATE, February 13.
.JTJiu..aiJul. W ucfiiie .lie Senate a Re-
emi t from the Comiuimioner of Patents, showing
'die priK-eedius of tlio Patent 'ditritf the
.past, teur, w ti was ordered to be primed.
Mr-1 King introihu-ed a resolution of inquiry as
-to tins expediency uf nuking a grant of lands to the
surviving olhvers, ami willows .nf officers deceased,
vt'jjRgci in the-wur of 1312, which wis adopted,
Mr. Walker iniro'hiecd a lull concerning iiican-
r lino an I the ir-iddle of the nit'anJcr btrcauis
Read twice ami rei'trrrd.
The 'Senate then proceeded the to consideration
of bi'Ui.n the priv.ile calendar. Adjourned. ...
house of UKrnF.sKNT.vny bs. .
A 'few itniinpiirtaiil bit's un the Speaker's table
W;,ij baeu dipsy! of, a joint resolution, nniiior-iaincT-tha
Jidti-ihirtioii to ollivers o tlio navy of a
'Compilation of tin! laws and. regulations relating In
ha Navy Department, was taken tip, and, after"
some debute, rejected by yeas and nay S t to 93,
The hill toc-lililish the "Department of thn In
terior, ami for uther purposes,'' was '.passed 1 .12
to (8 with the title amended;. so as to read, "An
act to establish 4 llmne Uepi'.rtrneut, and to provido
- .for nu Assistant Secretary of the Treasury."
-Mr, UnckiveU's biil to en.tablit.li a board of claims,
Alier soineollier miiilijvrtajit business, the House
'Wash'sotox, February 16, 18 19.
On motion of Mr. Aihcrton, the Senate retimed
the consideration (if the Civil and Diplomatic Ap
propriation hill. Se'vora.l' fuither amendnieT.rsvrtro
Hiropo;Til-aii.! iid-.pi :. Among 'these was one ap
propriating $12,000. for the purchase of a new
Custom Ht.-nse at Norfolk ; aad another appropria
ting $20,000 to clear out the t'amil, near the pub
lic grounds, in the city of Washington. 29 to 18.
.':. Mr. Walker sent to (lie Secretary's table an a
wieiuhnent which ho proposed to offer, at the prop-.
er liutD extent's the, revenue laws over Califor
nia and New Mexico, which was ordered to be
.printed, and then the Senate adjourned. , . .
: HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. . ,
. A new rule, feported by Mr. Caleb B. Smith, a
few days since, that on resolution day it shall not
be in order to move the previous question, was
taken .bp, and, after debate, on motion of'Mr. VV'cnt
On. motion of Mr. Butler, ofTa;, the Honse'ihen
"wvnl into coimniitee of the wholoon the sta-te of the
Union, Mr; '.Cabell in the chair, and took Up the bill
"'to provide fur carrying into execution, in part, the
twellth article of the treaty with Mexico, conclud
ed at Guadalupe Hidalgo." '".: "
The bill appropriates, for payment of (lie instal
ment and interest which will fall duo, under said
article, on the thirtieth day of May, in the year of
our Ird eighteen hundred and forty-nine, the sum
.of three millions seven hundred and twenty thou
Kind dollars. For payment of the instalment and
interest which will fall due, under said article, on
thc'tliirtieth day of May, in the year of our Lord
eighteen hundred and tirty, the turn 6T three millions-five
htrtidrcd and forty thousand dollars.
Mr. Starkweather, of N. , York, addressed the
committee in support of the doctrines of lh "free
toilers," and in justification of the course pursued
by Mr. Van Btiren. Ho contended that Mr. V. B.
3ialnot deserted the South, but that the South Jiad
deserted liiin. '
lit. Wilson, of Now 'Hampshire, followed ir.-flp-position
to slavery, with a history of its introdnc
tiru into and progress in this country, and of its
effects upon political parties in the United States
since the organization of the Federal government.
He express:-! the conviction that the tunc had gone
by when the slave power shall exorcise control in
.Congress that the queatioa of extending the in
stitution of slavery had been taken into the hands
if the people themselves, who would not extend it
the sixteenth part of a hair's 'breadth,' though not
liptwed to interfere with its existence in the States
where it is guarantied by the constitution. Ilccon
cluJeJ with the remark, that what he liad said to
day ha w as willing to have unrolled in the presence
of bis constituents, of the whole country he was
"willing that it should be unrolled in the Courts a
bova, a tii! receive the scrutiny .of -the Great Judge
-i tho Universe.
Mr. Tiodinger replied to Mr, Wilson, in vindica
tion of the institutions of the South. Ha contend
ed that tlie South had -expended their blood and
treasure s Ireo'y in. the acquisition of the new
territories a had the North, aid had just m good
Tiht to go t!u-re will the property inherited from
their fathers, at were the p?op!e f The North. He
iilso reviewed the speerho of several other gen
thcien, and the erurce of the House at the present
aesdrii in reg-ud to the tjiieftion of slavery.
When Mr. lie.ling.'r had concluded, Mr. Back
iier oUaitk'd tiie l!;or, and, on motion, fiie commit
tee re .e. ' .
. , W.;i::xiao.r, February 13,1313,
. : SENATE. . '.;.'.
f ho Liil from tlie House eatiblishiug'thu Home
D.paiUneiil, wiis read twice and ruler red to the
Finance Comiriitte', - !
- Mr. Houabi ga-ve notice that he would en Men
'jy (iKe to tuke iip tire "Cairfornia bill. "
AftPr corns further proceedings, the bit! author-
Wttp the Galveston aud Red River Railroad Cotu
fany mahe a'road to California, .was referred to
tlio Committee on Roads and Canals.
The Civil andWplojaatlc Appropriation oil was
neJftfcikPM UJ. -
Mr.'BeiiUiii olTcrsjl an amendment striking mit
the appropriation of ISO.fiOO fitr tlie coast survey,
und interting 33,0DO ; Viljj, directing that the sur
vey be made exclusively by the navy, under the
tl.itctibn of tiie?re?ient. '
He 'spoke afcGiit the ntcessity of modifying the
1 refftit system (f o.r,t stirveyi It had been car-
lied far beyond tlwotijeU suitcoiplatcd by thelaws
fir( inswd OB the sabject. ;--''
.Mr. B. further urgsd llisi' propriety of restricting
it to t'toper liiiiirs.' '.
He was followed ly Mr. Tearce, nni when tlw
.lalti LlJ'inUjd, tJie' Senate adjoBTuwL
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. .,'
On motion of Mr. RocWell, tho House went in
to committee (Mr. Campbell -in the Chair) on the
Mexican indemnity bill. '
"'" Mr. Bitckner addressed the committee -on the
subject of slavery, the question of the Mexican war
and the question of territory, -taking conservative
ground on the subjects.
He contended that slavery should neyer eo into
California ; that Congress had power, and ought to
e.ercis the same, to keep slavery out of the new
Mr. Stephens followed in a clear and aaimat
cd tone, contending against all legislation forCal
ii'ornia, maiiitaintng that the President' and two
thirds of the Senate had no power to coinel the
llonse tj vote appropriation for purchasing terri
tory. He entered into an explanation of the rights
of the House, and said 'that whoa the principle
should bo established that the American House of
Representatives should only obey the behest of the
President and Senate, that their the Union, the
(lovernmeut, nor anything else would be worth
preserving. If-thcy were to establish the princi
ple, that whiCuverthe President and Sttnatc agree
upon, the House must yield to, for thai law of the
land, then the people, by a corrupt Executive aiid
Senate might be sold a standing army might be
permanently-stationed in -California, and suprted
in the'teeth of the constitution declaring it shall
notbe-TaiseO for. over two years. A treaty with
New Grenada might bo formed, giving five, ten, or
lif'y millions for 'the right of way across tha Isth
mus.. -'Ho condemned all such doctrines. , .
He was interrogated by Mr. Rhett,wlio contend
ed that nqtoody on his side of the House had con
troverted the doctrine Mr. Stephens was contend
ing for. ";.''.;," .':":' ..'".'': .
Mr. Stephens replied it had been " controverted
and tho gentleman knew it and he felt ashamed
that he was obliged to stand up for it; such was
the degeneracy of tho times.. He denounced the
President's whole cotiue as outrageous, uuron
stilutional, and not better than that of a brigand or
of Charlvs tha Second, which liC'Ciled. He. pic
tured our.prosjH3ii.ty and happiness after the 'Ore
gon question was settled and Texas annexed.
-Then' there was iWianitory for contention; our ca
reer of glory might have been onward and upward,
and nothing but the spirit of the foul tiond of hell
could have conceived the series of usurpations and
aggressioTis which foiiowed by the act of the exec
utive... ' ' ':'.''. .'.':'
"Talk," said Mr. Stephens, "about expunging
that clause of the jovmal coittuitiing the declara
tion that the executive had .'unconstitutionally
brought on the war, itwould bo a long time before
that solemn trttlh woiild be expnnged."
He Continued he would never vote t dollar to
wards paying for territory from whfck'kis people'
were to be excluded.
Mr. McClelland next adressed the committee on
the general question of slavery, and of slavery in
the new tonitories. Ho had opposed the com
promise bill of last session, because he was satis
fied that the question could not be decideS'by the
Supreme Court before it would bo'decided by the
.people of the territories themselves. It was now
declared that the President would veto any bill
containing the Wilrout Proviso ; and if so, he (Mr.
McC.) was for"masterly inactivity' for no action
whatever at the present session.
Mr. Thompson, uf Kentucky, next obtained the
floor, and his remarks like those who preceded him,
were chiefly directed to an examination of the sla
very question. He was opposed, Of course, to the
Wimot Proviso, and generally, sustained the doc
trines of the Soufh.
Tho debate was furfheT continued by Messrs.
Jenkins, "Rockwell, JFiclilin, Crisfielc1, Giddings,
Newe'll, and Bridges.
When the latter had concluded, at half past 10
o'clock P. Mn the committee roso, and tbe House
Monday, February 19, .819.
Mr. Donglas nioVi"d to.postpono the prior orders,
aud to take up the bill fur -the admission of Califor
nia into the 'Union, a ad asked for the yeas and
nays on the motion, which wero ordered.
Tit? motion was opposed by Mr. Atberten and
The question was then talon, anddooided-in the
negative, as follows:
Yeas Messrs. Bell, Brecse, Bright, "Dodge of
Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Fitzgerald, Fitzpatrick,
Foote, Hale, Houston, Johnson of Louisiana, Jones
King, Sebastian, and Walker 16.
Nays Messrs. Atherton, Bailgcr, Baldwin, Ben
ton, Berrien, Borland,' Bradbury, Butler, Calhoun,
Cameron, Ckrke, Corwin, Davis of Massacusetts
Davis of Mississippi, Dayton, Dicki 11011, Dix, Felch,
Orecno, Hamlin, Hunter, Johnson -of (iiitgja, Ma
son, Miller, Kilos, Pearce, Phelps, -S'pruancc, Stur
geon, Turney, Underwood, Upham, Webster, West
cott, and Yulce 35.
i'o the motion to postpone was negatived.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE.'!
Mr. Siuith, of Indiana, moved to suspend the
rules, to enable him to ofl'or the following resolu-.
liaiitd, Hint thobiPs feported from the Com
m'utec on Territories to organiie Ttrritorial Gov
eriimeiits in California and New Mexico, be made
the special order immediately alter the bill now
under consideration ef the Committee of the Whole
House on tiie state of the Union, entitled "A bill to
provide fur -carrying into execution in part the 12th
article of the treaty of Mexico" shall be disposed
of, such pcoial order to continue from day to day
until said bills fdr.ill be disposed of; and all. previ
ous sjHcial orders sliall be postponed until such
bills shall be linally acted upon. ,
Which was adopted.
The House then .resolved itself into -CoHmiltce
of the Whole on the billtoarry into effect tlie 12th
articjc of tiie Treaty with Aexico, upon which oon
sideTable debate -ensued, and numerous amend
ments were ofTored, tone uf which obtained ; after
whicli, tlie bill passed its third reading, Yeas 18,
tO" The first white child bora in North America,
was Virginia, daughter of Anna tiias and Eleanor
Dare, and grand daugliter of Govcrnov John White.
(She was bora 00 the 19th of Aegutt, 157S, in Ro
anoke, North Carolina, ' ' " ' "
Thousands of our citiieus, says the Baltimore
American, wi.1 loam with regret and disappoint
nient that we are not to be honored with a visit
from the .President elect, on Tii way Tron. the
West to the Seat of Government. A telegra phie
desptftch addressed to C. J. Maddox, Esq. Assis
tant Post Master, transmitted from Cincinnati un
der date of lilli inst., states that k will not be in
tho power of Gen. Taylor to visit Baltimore en
his progress to Washington.
The General's arrival at Cincinnati is ftas no
ted in anether telegraphic despatch :
i . . CmciWATi, Feb. 15.
Gen. Taylor and suite arrived here this morn
ing, and was hailed with a most enthusiastic wel
come. The citizens turned out en mane, and a
grand salute was fired. He partook of a public
dinner hurc. He leaves by way of the river to
morrow morning, and will proceed to Pittsburg, if
tlte navigation is net closed by the ice.
GEN'L. TAYLOR'S RECEPTION AND DE
PARTURE. : Tdegraic cUsalch of the Udlimort Palri4.
Ci.N.'iisxATi, Feb 16, P. M.
General Taylor is still in our city. Ho leaves,
however, tonight en-route for Pittsburg.
His reception here was nagniticent. He arriv
ed in our city oscorted by five steamers crowded
with pas0Bgem. On lauding he was taken cliarg
of by tho Mayor. The General being much fa
tigued ho did not reply. The side-walks, streets,
windows, doors, &.c, were literally crowded with
spectators as the old Iwro passed. Ho was es
corted to the Pearl street House where he diued.
Tlie w hula scene was ene-of dce.p interest.
Cincinnati, Feb. 16, 10 P.M.,
Our city is tow magnificently illuminated.
Tbe procession, forming an escort to General Tay
lor on his departure, is a most brilliant affair,
I regret to inform you that the General is quite
feeble from fatigue, aud is sufllring considerably
from'theelTects of the fall he received at Madi
son, caused by the crowd rushing in mon him.'
' .r-- For the Raleigh Times.
RTskiftb Gaston Kail Road.
"Mr. "Editor : s
In my last, I gave my view of the cost on re
laying the Raleigh and Caston Rail Road, the
prospects of its yielding an Interest, Aic.
On mature reCoction,'I am still more strongly
impressed with tho belief, that the Raleigh and
Gaiftn Wail Road can anj will do all nay, more,
than the calculations in my last give ; the opinion
of those wise acres, (whose imaginations conjure
up nothing mere sublime 'than the beautiful spec,
tacle Of a two year old yearling yoked to a hudge
cart loaded with chickens, meal and peas, dragged
along with a grape vine by a big 'buck negro, and
Miusa following after, with a hickory goad, to
town,) to the contrary noUvithttandirg.
When we tako a retrospective view of the Ra
leigh and Gaston Rail Road, it is not at all surpri
sing that its fate has been what it is one of
entiro failure. It was built when Rail Roads
were moTo experinieata ; before "their corrstructinn
was understood so as to make them profitable. It
was built at a tinia when Iron cost S0 dolls, per ton;
when Railing cost 60 dolls, per thousand feet ;
when Keys cost four eents a piece ; when Sills
cost 60 cents each ; when common hands hired
for the sum of 120 dolls, per annum ; when earth
work cost 30 ceitts per cubic yard ; when Rock
cost 2 dolls, a perch for blasting ; when four horse
teams hired for 6 dolls, per day; when corn sold
for i dolls, per bbl. at tlie crib door ; whea fodder
sold for $1 SO per 100 lbs ; and bacon for 12 cts,
per pound Making a work of this kind cost over
douhle what It would cost ait the present time.
Nor were the high prices paid for materials, la-,
bor, previsions, &c. the most serious drawbacks to
the success of the Road. Tlie proper Void of su
perstructure, flit that time, was in its infancy, and
imperfectly Understood. Experience was wanting
laalllhe details of. Road-making. That experi
ence has been acquired, and its workings reduced
to a science, and tbc science fo a mathematical de
monstration 6f Causes and Effects. Tin's is not
an age, when, if an Iron Axle is wanted to bear a
certain weight,-it is forged four -times is hvrge as
is necessary, for fear of its breaking. Its strength
is known its cubes calculated to stand the test.
A spring's capacity has become a nutter of figures;
a, the 'friction, or "bite," of & I-ocotmJtive of any
weight, a simple goTernei rale of planes and levels.
The Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, in its present
conailron, cannot be sustained (i.e. using thiu Iron
n wooden Rails,) for a less sum than 50 or 60,000
dolls, per annum : a fact which has been tested
under several administrations, and the result, in
every case, proving nearly tho same. The cost of
transportation, in the year 1840, of every descrip
tion (I take this year because thc'Road was at the
time in its best condition, and wishing to give the
advocates of that kind of Road an Impartial onsi
deratianj over the Read, and only running four
Engines, cost tho sum of $11,035 00; and for the
year lS ll, tlie expense was reduced the sum of
$ 1,202 00 ; and, from the last named period, the
expenses have been gradually increasing, until
they have reached the above amount while the
Passengers and Freight have decreased as far be
low as the expenses have been augmented a po
sitive illustration of the fact of -the perishable fu
ture of its superstructure ; and plainly pointing out
to the most 'akcirtie mind, that the RaTerjh andGas-
ton Railroad did not sink for the waat of employ
ment, hut on a-C court of incapacity to perform the
worki Trammelled, as she always has been, from
the first, with a heavy load of debt ; her Iron of tho
thinnest kind for Roads; h Locomotives of a light
class and few in Miaborj hergtadet heavy ; her
nuincrojrs corves ; and Without funds even tok'p
a sai(y of seasoned wood on hand, (tlie Vife of a
roadj how, in the name of common sense, could it
be expected that a Road could support itself, labor
ing under such disadvantages t Yet tlie enemies
of Railroads point out this Road, (with Its ground,
work in such a shattered condition that every
coach' Mil csv that runs over it is obliged to have
one-lhlrd snore machinery attached to it in the
tape of wheels, Src. than would be necessary on
a T Iron Road.) as a proof, from past experience,
that it will not pay.
Let the Old Stockholders, who wish to regain
what they have lost, be not "faint heartedi" but try
it again-; and by the light of piat experience, they
must and will succeed.
ESTIMATE OF EXPENSES
For tlie Raleigh audGttdion Rail Rea ', if laid with
T Iron :
President, with a salary of . $1,500
Treasurer, do ' SO0
Chief Superintendent on Road, "iUO
Agent for .Itatuigh Depot, 4i0
Huntsville, ' 'JU')
Henderson, . 300
' Riiigway, ,. 300
. WarrentoB, . ; 300
Littleton, ' '300
- Gaston, : 400
PASSENGER TRAINS-Oincere, Engiiieinen,
. and Hands: -2
Conductors, $30 per mo, each, $ 750
2 Engineincn, 50 - do . do l-JtlD
2 Firemen, JO do do 240
2 Traiu hands, 10 do do 2 10
3 Enginemcn, $M per 1110. each, $1800
3 Firemen, ,, '10 . do 3(!0
do '', ':;. ;-':.:
do 300 each,
do. liO each, :
' WOOD SHOP,
Conch 'aud'Car Builder, salary, 500
do ' 'do'"'. 360 each',.' 700
WATCHMEN AT BRIDGES.
1 at Crabtre e, salary, , $00
1 Neuso River, do i'J
1 Cedar Creek, do 60
.1 Tar Kiyor, do 60
1 Gaston, do 60
WOOD AND -WATER STATIONS.
1 at Raleigh, col'd, hire, clu. 4. b'd, 100
1 Huntsville, do 100
1 Forestvillo, -do 100
1 Frankliiiton, do 100
-1 Henderson, do 100
1 Kidgway, do 100
1 Warrenton, , do loo
1 , Macon, do 100
1 : Littleton, . do ; 100
1 Gaston, do 100
LABORERS .IT DEPOTS
4 bands at Raleigh, ro'd, Jl90 each,
board, c. included, 4)3(50
2 do -Forestvillo, at 90, itc. ISO
J do Franklinlon, do lflO
4 do Henderson, do 360
9 do Ridgway, do 180
2 do -Warrenton, do lt0.
1 do Macon, do 90
i do Littleton, do ISO
& do Gaston, do 450
LABORERS ON ROAD.
To be divided in 9 Sections each Section to em
; 'ploy one white hand, ami-ono colored.
9 white hands, at 10 per mo. Sl.080 -9
col'd do at 00 per year, 810
Cotton, Waste packing, &c. $ 400
2000 cords Wood at 75c per cord, 1 500
Materials for Machine & wood shops, 1000
Contingencies, say ieO
-Added up. $24,550
It will be seen, frrxo the aVive estimate, that the
Road can be kept in operatio-i for the above sum
of $24,550; which is a very liberal estimate.
There will then be left tlte rise of &7.000 per an
num toivplace Sills, Spikes, Iron, ite. &o. which
is also a liberal allowance; taking Into considera
tion that the Road, from nry former estimate, will
be fully supplied whb machinery, tc. In making
up this statement, I have tidt been guided by what
I believe ihe Roud conld be kept in operation for;
but have made an over-liberal allowance: and
show that it will be sure to pay 6 per cent. ' And
when the Great Central Road is completed, I be-
IHjvc it will be the hot litook -in the State.
Here is a Statement shewing how tnpidly we
improve in economising the expense or motive pow
er : In 1838, it cest one dollar to tun a Train, and
now we can run for 28 to 30 cents. Tlie com
plete average expenso per Train per mile, of run
ning tlie 4rrncvpe? Roads in the United States, was
estimated in 1838, at 100 cents
Utica & Schenectady R.U. 1839 to '41, 118 "
Mass. Western Railroad, IStO to '44, ?1
Average of Mass. Railroads, in 1845, 65 "
Three new lines in Mass. in 1815, 40 " -
Several Railroads, in 18-18, from SS to 30 "
In the space 5f l0 years, the actual cost of run
ning nas been reduced two-tliird by throwing a
side thin Iron and wooden flails, and substitut
ing in their place a Rail of heavy T iron ; and as
there is a very slight deflection, there is very little
-weai of the inachiery as it passes over the road.
Tliis is the great secret why tho expenses have
been reduced two-thirds. Add to this the fact,
that you may give an engine just as much as she
can travel wilh.tm the Raleigh and Gaston Rail
Road, and then place the machine on T Iron, and
multiply her tonnage by four, and she will walk off
with ease, and wear her machinery less; or, in
other words, onie Engine can do more work on a
T iron Road, than four will, on a Road in the con
dition of the Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road ; and
yoa are obliged to use light engines,' the heaviest
weighing about 13 tons ; whereas, on the T Iron,
you can use 20 ton machines the adhesion of
an Engine being computed by hi-r weight thrown
on tlie drivers, which is about 8 lbs. to the ton.
The tractive power of an Engine of 100 gross
tons weiWt, with 8 tons resting on the driving
Wie1s, would, on this assumption, be 8 multiplied
by 2210 and divided by 8, equal to 2240 lbs. If
tho friction fee 8 lbs to the ton, its loud, exclusive
of rts own weight, would be 3210 divided by 8,
equal to 280 tons, If the ratio of the weight of
the freight to the joint weifcht'uf the Engine and
freight, be as 6 to 10, her load on a level, would
be six-tenths niftltiphed ry 283 equal to 168 tons;
deduct 5 tons for Tender.
Tlie loss of this power in inclinations can be
more fully comprehended by fbjtj, Th Ublg
annexed istalculated for an Engine of 10 all
teso';:; on tlie driving wheels, about the wt of
the old Engines oa the Raleigh and Gastiliil
-4sccIj(frmi7c. Tuns if Freight Xo. of Ewt
to transp the
If will be readily perceived that an Engino shod
lie loaded in proportion to the heaviest grade n
th' Road, if it bo required that her speed be ts
same on all the variations f the Road.
H'fB season 1 wood' being the life of an Eng'ir,
p-rhaps the following calculations may not.be u.
There are 158 cubie feet in a cord of wood
deduct two-fifthe for the interstices between tin
sticks, loaves 77 solid feet of wood. One-third r
26 cul,ic I1 of .'' is water, which makes VO
gallons per cord. In using 'green 'wood, it uust
go through the evaporating process ; thesap mut
be boiled, and flies off in the shape of steam To
effect this, the woody part must heat lSgiTallous
01 water irom tlie Ireezinfr int to that of boiling.
'Hie quantity of heat that it takes 10 eva The
above-qnautity of water, in this case, is absorbed
by the wtlter sr.d lost for all practical purposes in
generating steam. The heat required to evapo-!
r.Ue one gallon of water, after being. heated to the
boiling point, is five" -limes that of boiling heat ;
that b, if it takes 30 minutes to heat to boiling, it :
will'take IsO minuU-'s to evaporate. If this be
correct, it will hold good that one-fourth part of
tlie hea t of a cord of green weod'will be eetnum-
ea 111 evaporaung its water. (This is below the
actual cateBlafion, but will show near enough to
answer-my purpose. What I wish to sbowis,
that ene-fourtli part ef the vvood used is lost by
using ina greenstate for Locomotive purposes;
and you may safely add 21 per cent, on the amount
ofsost of wood, time lost in running, straining
and racking of the gear of the machine. For it is
acknowledged by all who have had expcrionco4n
running ir.acltinery, that its existence depends on
a lively motien, not in strains and violent jerks
which is tha ease In a v'rying head of Steam.
The water in a green cord of wood will weigh
1512 lbs. Then, if you use 2000 cords, you wear
out your road and machinery by hauling. 3,0i4,000
lbs. of water over the road por annum. .',-
If the above be true, and" we wish to economise
in the following items, to wit : the time in crawl
ing up grades, having steam in descending to as
sist iE crawling up the next, and on a level to lire up
and hold what little breath yeu get in order that
you may make a dead set at the inclined plane
ahead, the patience of the engineer, the jcrkir.g,
straining andraeking of every spring. Car, Coach,
-Engine; and last, not least, the Passe jgers in said
Coach, use wood cut and split twelve months be
fore wanted, aud put under suitable shelters.
The Protocol Ms. Vbster. The Phila
delphia Pounsylvanian says:
"In tlie course of Senator Foot's brilliant defence
of tbe President on the Protocol, on Saturday last,
he stated, in the hearing of Mr. Webster, that'that
distinguished Whig Senator had stated, a few days
before, while discussing the Panama railroad bill
in allusion to the Protocal about which so much
excitement has been created, and as if in rebuke
of his party friends "that California and New Mex
ico do yet belong to us that the treaty is absolute
ly binding on both parties that nothing has been
done to impair its validity in any way, or to weak
en our title in the least degree to tlie territory thus
aequited by tlie treaty. These are tlie views of
a Whig Set. a tor who vo'el against the Treaty
which he bow defends. Mr. Webster did not dis
avow the language thus attributed to him by tbe
No Whig that we know of considers tlie Treaty
void, but if fraud is established, it might be voidable
in theory but rrat in practice, for Mexico now has
no remedy, tlie United States having possession of
New Mexico and California, and being altogether
too strong for Mexico.
The History of tlie Treaty and the Protocol is a
curious one. J11 Mexico, three parties are necessa'
ry to perfect a Treaty, the President, tlie Senatei
and the Chamber of Deputies. The two latter ra
tified tlie Treaty without the Protocol ; tho former
would not exchange but with the Protocol. Messrs.
Sevier and Clifford, acting as they said with "full
powers, yielded the Protocol. 1 his important
fact was suppressed by our President and conceal
ed from 0111 Senate, the Treaty making power
here. If -Mexico claims tlie Protocol, as a part of
the Treaty, all wo have to reply is, Messrs. Sevier
and Clifford made false representations in saying
they had ruch full powers, and the Trcuty vfas
ratified by tlie jlexican Congress without the Pre.
tocol. Mexico replies, "Messrs. Sevier and Clif
ford were your agents, and were high in rank at
borne," and "the Treaty was never constitution
ally ratified and exchanged by the Mexican Con
gress and President"
We do not apprehend that these facts are going
to break up tlie Treaty, because, if we were all
wrong, we should nut yield New Afexicj and Cali
fornia without a war, but that the surrender by
Protocol of important articles struck out of the
Treaty by the United States Senate, and the sub
sffp:".:it concealment of the important fact from the
country, are blots and blotches upon our diploma
cy, not only in eur own eyes, but in the eyes of the
whole civilized world. .V. V. Exprtts.
Editorial Libel Suits. The Philadelphia
Times state that Edward P, Pry, Esq., tlie con
ductor of the Italian Opera, has sued James Gor
don Bonnet, for libel, and laid his damages at twen
ty thousand dollars. The declaration enumerates
some dozen alledged libels published ai various
times in the New York Herald. Mr. Fry has em
ployed as counsel Messrs. Hall, Cutting, Sher
man. Baft. Sun.
A Cincinnati tavern, kept by a " son of Erin,"
lwe fur its sign, "Walk In."
60 - . 4J
tiO " 45
ttalcigl), N. C.
FRIDAY, FEME AUY 23, 1819.
TO OUR CITY SUBSCRIBERS.
If any of our city subscriber!, failed to got their
papers last week, or are not properly served the
present, they will .please give notice at the Office.
Our new carrier may not he perfect in tlie route at
fust, and we desire that no one may fail 0! receiv
ing the paper.
: OFFICE oppOT-fctfiC City Hatt,oxcr the Stort :
of Mr. Lilctyird. :
IT We acknowledge the receipt from W. Wv
Havman, Esq., of Beaufort, of three very antique
looking Newspapers. One the "Universal State
Garotte," primed at Washington City, of the date
of March 22, ISiO ; another, called the "Wash
ington Gazette," printed Ttt Waeliington, in thi
(Sutie, Anguai .1, tRrrii 1 the third printed at"
the same place, called the "American Recorder,"
of Sept. 22, 1315. We shall keep them a few
da ye for esamination, and then see how we can
make them subserve the pirrjioae of "iHteriuiti&nal
. NEW POST OFFICE.
A new Post Office has lately been established
in Franklin Count", by the name of SiirLifsAVAt,
and G. Perry, Esq., appointed Postmaster. .-
CONTESTED ELECTION FROM ORANGE.
Wo have receive, the Speech 6f Mr, Smith, of
Hertfonl, delivered in the Senate en the day thin
case wa decided, which will s,ppoar. in our iiext.
This matter ought to be properly understood, and
wo cannot doubt that this speech will throw much
light upon it. Mr, Berry is indebted for the decis
ion in his favor, not to the justice of his cause, but
to the thinness of tlie Senate when the question
IT The President of the United Slates has par
doned James Pakrish.wIio was confined in the
Jail of this County, under sentence cf the Federal
Court for tho term of five years, for robbing the :
Mail. On Monday last, his pardon was read to
him by the Marshal, Mr. Jones, and he was set at
RAILROADS IN THE STATE.
We publish today, another orthevsluable'cosn-
iminicutions of our practical correspondent, VV. 11.,
to which we invite the attentioa of our readers in
terested in the important matters to which he refers.
Let the public mind be properly directed to the Ra
leigh and Gaston Road; let our citizens see clearly
the faults and errors which have led to ita unfortu
nate situation; let them learn (lie proper way to
correct those faults and retrieve then- former errors,
and we cannot doubt but that They will be prepar-
ed to go into its re-construction wfth zealous indus
try. All they bow lack is mifenc with trus
light and knowledge that confidence may be in
spired; a confidence which will rest upon demon'
strabU certainty, not speeulative prophecy ; a con
fidence real and solid, that the road will pay, when
properly constructed, and lightly managed, a pro
fitable pot cents ge tpon the amount invested.
Our information leads us to believe, there is plenty
of capital in tho State Which now yields but 5 per
cent., which the owners would be eager to in rest
in any stock which they arc satisfied would briorr
them 8 and that rate would call home abundance
of capital now Invested elsewhere, in other States ,
which the possessore would rather have, produc
tive, in North Carolina.
As a friend to the Road, therefore, we are anx
ious that all should see the grounds of calculation,
and the calculations themselves, upon which those
acquainted with the subject rely for. the future
success of the Raleigh and Gaston Road, as a part
of that Great wcrk which is to reflect so much
honor on the State, and confer so many benefits;
upon her people. We would not, if we knew if,
advocate any chimerical scheme to entangle th
State in difficulty, or entail loss upon individual.
The plans we desire'to see carried out are those
sanctioned by the wisest men of our highest deli
berative body, in their representative capacity '
piaus upon which uiey were wining 10 fmk mo
faith and credit of tho State, and to engage in)
which, they, as well as we, invite individual citi
zens of snbstnnce an capital To no wild am)
visionary schema, bewildered by its stupendous
magnitude. would they have lent the sanction tf
their votes; nor would they havo perilled their
high reputation and popularity in projecting a bub
ble for speculator, or setting in motion a ruinous,
vortex in which the treasures and credit of tlie
State and its citizens were to- sink together. They
brought to the investigation of tlie plan laid before
them by Governor Graham, tho sagacity of great
and enlightened winds, and they ended, by a mea
sure which can end will be successful in rcdeeuiing
the character of the State and promoting the pros-,
perity and best interests of her citizens. We can
not so far distrust the enterprising spirit of North
Carolinians, as to suppose they will let the golden
opportunity slip, and the chance now before them of
taking " at the flood,'" that tide which will " lead
on to fortune," pass away unimproved. We would
as seen distrust our own desire to gain fauio and
rpvm v tllVT
Tl. r-: : .1 r1.Mnl.l hh- "A onllm!in
A UV Villain VlIlVMiV.v J . - .....mi...
who came up the river with General Taylor, as
far as Smiilifield, informed us yesterday that Gen,
(-Tsylor stated in conversation, that if he was en
officeholder when a new administration came In
to power, l gainst which he had taken an activo
part, he would resign his office.,'
To practice sincerity is to speak as we think, to
do as we profess, to perform what we promi-,
and really to bo what we would seem to bo.
Raleigh Times (Raleigh, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Feb. 23, 1849, edition 1
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