North Carolina Newspapers

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PUBLISHED WEEKLY T,Y CIT. C. KAliOTEAU,
EDITOK ll NlOrKILTCK.
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VOL IL
RALEIGH, FRIDAY, MARCH 9, 1819.
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E. PATTERSON'S ADIVSHS.
To the Senatorial voters of the Counties of
Bmke, Caldwell aiid McDowell. '.,.;
Fkulow Citizens: The Address of the lion.
Thomas L. Clingman, on the Icecut Senatorial elec
tion in this State, now being exttmsively circulated
in the first Congressional District, of which you
form a part, contains such unprovoked unii uomcrit-
d censure of the course of a majority of the mera-
individufil,'' ntthe earliest possible moment. This
liuvinir been done by the Legislature 111 IS lb, no
loubt to tho great grutilicatiou of Mr. Cliiiinan,
'he Legislature ot IS 18 could not fall to sanction by
I: s acts, what seemed to be so eminently proper.
I admit, Fellow Citizen', to the fullest extent, my
responsibility to you while acting as your represen
alive, but I do n t admit anv such responsibility to
mo Hon Mr. Clmqmin. On tho contrary, I ni'gh;
with great propriety inquire by whit authority be
h is undertaken to arraign an I condemn cnlicard, a
large m ij'Uity of the representatives of trie p'eple 01
the first Congressional District, for executing the
trust confided to them, in such manner as they be
lieved their constituents desired, and theirown judg
ments approved? At tho time you elected Mr.
Clingman as your representative in Congress, uid
you invest him with power and authority to super
vise the conduct of those whom you afterwards se
lected to represent you in tho Slate Legislature?
If you did not, then Mr. Clingman has exceeded his
powers, and hag not only taken tho liberty to cgn
demn your representatives, but, supposing that you
had not penetration enough to discover their errors
and to award tho proper punishment, ha his kindly,
volunteered to tell you ,wli it specific infliction', you
should visit upon them "Ywf you should bail th'.m
Killi many jriie., and sit earmarks upon them, to Unit
they may be incapable of deceiving again.11 . Now, for
my purr, as one of those.; representatives, 1 protest
against the exercise of any such assumed authority
on the part of Mr. Clingman, and utterly deny his
jurisdiction in the premises: I am not his represen
tative, and therefore he has no right to quest iuiiniy
public course. Un the other hied, Mr. Clingiu.m
. r ...til-. f-. !... ntltnf tli.it I
oars 0! tu V8"" . ; I J, mJ representative, and I have the right to ques
should feel myself chargeable with a dereliction of (jou bis CQ anJ to ho)J hin reon;(iW, fl)1. it
duty to you, did I not take some notice of u is ani- j I therefore desire to know, and perhaps others of
three Judges of the Supreme Court have had their
residenca in the West and at the present Unto all
three reside in that section. Out of seven Judges of
the Superior Courts, sir- of them lived West of Ral
eiirh, aad only one Fist of that City.; of tho sere.;
last Governors, including the present incumbent,
four of them were from tbe West, two from the East,
ami one, the present. lixeculivc, Irani the Centre.
1' lie beeretary of .Mate is a Wesieru man. 'lhreo
out of the five last publioTreuurers, including the
present incumbent, who V from the Centre, were
iroui the West. 1 no Comptroller of the rfiaie. al
though a n.uivo of the East, was living in the West
at the time of his electiou. So that it appears, when
you apply tho test abivo inlicutci, to the reference
which has been made to the other hih oiiices cf
the State, proves just tho reverse of what has been
stated.
1 have already extended this Address much far
ther than I intended, but there is one other point to
which I wish to call your attention, tint you tuny
judge fur yourtelves, how far those whom Mr.-Cliug-"
mm fin Is so much fault with, have acted differently,
from what uk would have done, under the same cir-.
etimstanues. ' To ascertain this, forlunaleiy, we are
at no loss, for Mr, Clingman has told us, iu no many
words, what course ii k would have pursued. 0 lithe,
thir 1 page of his Address, he says i " JSting in lu(
kiqlt, onmy way to this place, (meaning Washingl on)
ich'-ii tic Legislature assembled, and understanding ful
ly the condition of things, Iadvistd my personal friends
to make no opposition to Mr. Bad'r's election. In
fret, I went on so fur as to state, that 1 should, if -A
Ktiki'iB fill 'bound, by i,vj formt Co.ntss, to iffl-l
so far to parly obligations, as to cast my vote for
madversions, aud state some of the rcasona that go
verned my course, as one of your representatives, in
relation to that important election.
It is not my purposo to review, in detail, this Ad
dress A large portion of it is devoted to the discus
sion of subjects not necessary tor me to refer to ; but
there a.re parts of it which refieet on my public jiot,as
one of your representatives, in conjunction with oth
ers which if 1 failed to notice, would subject me to
the' charge of being unfaithful to your interests, and
at the same time, wantiug in respect to myself.
I have said that the ceusures of Mr. Clingman
were unprovoked and unmerited, and, I may add, iu
my opinion, they were uncalled for iu every aspect
of the case ; because I believe that every Whig mem
ber from the first Congressional District entertain
' ed the kindest feelings for Mr. C, and in casting
their votes for another distinguished individual for
Seuator, they ucled under a high sense of public du-
iy, an1! itbic ibiu - j r..
A.l Mia diiiAnrfwt. (Wirfl tn npomotl
ity and'eommnnt, and io lie held up as an example
forother institutions o imitate or condemn,: I mean
tho conferring of the degree of II. D. upon one of
that sex which 'i supposed l.le wanting ' iu the
physical if not moral qualifications necessary for
the successful practice of the healing urt. So far
as I an! informal, this is the first instance in this
country, or any other, wIilii a female has gradua
ted in rit'dtctne, niter having gone through the re
gular prescribed cours.; utid terms offtiidy; and in
the present instance, it is my duly to add, without
the omission orsligliting cd' any branch of study,
and that too, in so thorough, a manner as to leave
nothing unatleinpted or. un.ittaiiied, which it is
necessary for one to know, who expects to practice
with honor and success, iu every department of the
profession."; .
," Such on instance of self-slicrilicing devoiiotv
lo science ; of pereyci;ii. o inidcr dillicuhies an,-l
obstacles next tm insuiinountahle ;'of unretnitting,
iitlrclaxing toil in pursuit of that knowledge so im
portant to, and yet so rarely possessed by her sex,,
and that too, for the purpose of mitigating hitman
misery, relieving the sick, and extendm: tier sphere
of usefulness in tho vojldthi3, 1 say, deserves, as
it Will receive, tho hyart-lelt approbation of every
generous and humane mind. .. This event will stand
triotic motive, and the siucerest desire to promote
the public good. , ., ,
The purpose of Mr. Clingmiui'i Address, cannot
be mistaken. Having been foiled in his overween
ing and premature desire to be made a Senator, and
feeling conscious, no doubt, of the impropriety of
his course, iu this matter, ho seeks to excuse him
self, by casting blarao on others, and vainly supposes
that he can escape the just condemnation which a
w,iti him at ths hands of his constituents, by at-
tempting to convince them, that in the neglect to
promote and advauce AtJ claims to Senatorial digni
ty, their rights have been outraged and disregarded.
How it is that the right t of the Western section
of our State are concentrated iu the person of the
Honnruble T. L. Cliugman, I confess I caunot very
well see but it is evident from the whole tenor of
bis Address, that he desires to make his constituents
believe that a Urge majority of their representatives
in the lust Legislature, h ive abandoned their n'i'4(J,
and the rights of the West generally, by Toting for
the Hon. George E. Badger for Senator, and by not
Toting for him, the aforesaid Thomas L. Cliugman,
for the same station. This, not voting for Mr. C,
I take it, is the sum and substance of the complaint
the burden of the charge which stands out in eve
ry page of the Address, from one end to the other
of its sixteen pages. Had the Hon. T. L. Cling
man been the nominee of the Whig Caucus, and
been elected to the Senate of the Uuited States, then,
iu his judgment at least, tbe caucus, of which ho
complains, "would luive been as fair a thing as ever
mat "and the rights of Western North Carolina
thereby fully vindicated and ; maintained. The
world, however, would have lost the benefit of his
Address, and you, porhaps, wouM have remained in
ignorance of "tlv. events of this winter, w at developed
prior to, aud connected with, the late Senatorial
election.
For the part which t, us oue of your representa
tives, acted in this election, and for having, in con
junction with every Whig member, save one, from
tho first Congressional District, cast my vote for
Mr. Badger i'or United States Senator, 1 conceive it
to be only necessary for my full justification, to as
sign out of many, one single reason and that is, I
believed my constituents desired me so tt vote. For the
grounds of this belief, it will doubtless bo recollect
ed by you, that during the last Summer I canvassed
nearly every pnrtiou of this Senatorial District, the
lr.ei in tl.it State, and on all occasions, both pub
lic and private, 1 expressed my preference for Mr.
Badger as Senator, and my intention, if elected, to
ote for him should he be a candidate for re-electiou.
And in not a single instance did 1 hear that prefer
ence or intention disapproved, or tho uaine of any
other Whig suggested. I am very certain that I
never heard the Hon. Mr. Clingman spokesi of, iu
connection with that subject or any other, that I now
remember, during the Summer Campaign. It was
lair then, under the circumstances, to conclude that
you approved my expressed intention ; nnd under
that conviction 1 acted. If, however, I havo erred
In this matter, snd have mistaken your viewj ond
fishes in regard to it, I must be permitted to plead
a want of knowlejgs of those views and wishes, and
respectfully to suggest that for the future you will
fee more particular in communicating them to your
representatives.
J Javing thus slated one of the reasons that induc
ed me to prefer Mr. Badger to Mr. Clingman, I m iy
be pardoned fur mentioning one other, aliuo' not no
eary to complete my jusiiftaatjon ; and this, I feel
ssurcd, will be admitted as controlling, even by
Mr. Clingman himself. It U, that I might share iu
tho honor of ai ling, to some extent, in repairing a
misfurhiuc to lis Country over which Mr. Cling
man himself mourntd at the Session of IS 10. To
understand the force of this reason, and to make its
influence purlectly apparent, at leant to Mr. C, It is
necessary lint I should he somewhat specitio Ou a
certain occasion, in iS40, Mr. Clingiaau made a
peech in tlm 8eiute or the Slate, on UiU same sub
ject of Suu itoria) elections, in which he expressed
Ibe following ssutimcn'i! "Tl great men of thl
Ration art Us wealth, anil I regard Utsa misfortune
to any eoun'ry, poucssing an individual s g"d '"
Cetrge E UaJgK, to fad la f,)ace him in that station,
where his zreat tai'.:its nonld be most usefvl " If then,
it w is a inisforliiin' the country, iu IS40. tn have
(failed, to place Mr. Cadger in tun station where his
eie.it talents would be must useful, atuvly, it Was
nuit of wisdom in the Legislature i.uostieutly, la
mttru: the very firu opportunity of n-pairing il
his constituents would be glad of the infortn ition,
why it was that he abandoned his post in the House
of Representatives, neglecting public duties which
his constituents sent him there to discharge, and
travelled near three hundred miles to Raloigh, to
electioneer with member, for a seat in the Sen ate
of the United States? When Mr. Clin?inao shall
have satisfied bis constituents of the propriety of his
conduct in this respect, he may, with a better grace,
and much more consisteucy, becotno the public ac
cuser of others.
You will not fail to perceive, Fellow Citizens, that
our representatives in the last Legislature are not
the only persons who come in for a share of Mr.
Clingtnau's denunciations for on the first page of
his extraordinary Address, he informs us that it has
beeu usual heretofore, for " tlte Senators as well as
most of tlte other high Officers of the State, to be-taken
from the Middle and Eastern portions of the Utate,"
and that' ''Hearty half a century ago according lo my
his) present impression, a Senator was elected residing
in the vicinity of Salisbury, near the Yadkin, No one
else Iking West of this river has ever, in any olher in
stance as far as 1 know, been chosen by the Legisla
ture to that station." Now, it is very clear, accord
ing to this statement, that all the members from the
West, for the last fifty years, are, in Mr. ClingmanY
estimation, guilty of an abindoument of Wes'ern
rights. Mr. C. himself having been twice or three
times a member wtthin that period, can probibly ex
plain this great oversight. Who the tjivored indi
vidual was, " resiling in the vieinily of SJisbtiry, near
the Yadkin," Mr. Clingman does not tell us, but ac
cording to the public records of the country, the on
ly person ever elected to the Senate of thu United
States from the vicinity of Salisbury, was Jude
Francis Locke, who wag elected on the 21th of De
cember, 1S11, and who set out on his journey to
Washington City, but resigned before reaching that
plaoe. The inference, however, fairly deducible
from the foregoing extract is, that no person living
West of tho Yadkin, near Salisbury, was ever elec
ted to the Senate of the United Slates. Whether
or not it was intended, that while the language used
was literally true, it would, from its particular col
location, produce a false impression, 1 do not pie-
tend to say; but ! can hardly suppose Celt a gen
tleman of Mr. Clingtnau's intelligence is" ignorant
of the fact, that the late Governor Franklin, of the
County of Surry, (the County of Mr. Cliiigaiin's
nativity.) was elected a Senator in Congress in 1 7 List,
and was re elected in 18U0 thus serving, with but
a slight intermission, from the 4th of March, 17UD,
till the 3d of March, 1813 ; and that tho late Gov
ernor Stokes, of the Couuty of Wilkes, was elected
in 1816, to fill a vacancy, and at the same Scssi in
was eleolcd for a full term, serving iu the whole,
from 1S10 to 1323. These gentlemen, it is true.
happened to have their residences on the Horth side
of the Yadkiu river, but both of them were West of
that river, near Salisbury. Now let us seo how it
has been with other portions of the Western part of
the State for un ler the old division of Eastern and
Western, all the Counties West of K-ileigh, were
regarded iu all qutious affecting Eastern aud Wes
tern interests, as Western Couuties.
Mr. Cliugmau, in the same page of his address,
says; that twenty years ago both the Senators,
Messrs. Iredell and U ranch, were from the East,
aud that since that time the Seuaturs have beeu
taken exclusively from the Counties of Wake, Or
ange, Caswell and Cumberland. This is true,
but even in this case (lie rvesi nss net me au
vautage, for three out of the four Counties named,
to wit : Orange, Caswell and Cumberland, were un
der the old division refered to, considered Western
Couuties. But who, let me ask, aided by his vote
and influenced, iu 1340, iu giviug to the County of
Orango alone, not one Senator on.y, but actually
tiro f Would you believe it fellow citizens that
this same Thus. L. Clingman, who now complains so
loudly of an abandonment of tho rightsof the West,
should have so far forgotten those rights himself, as
to vote for tno persors, living io the same County,
fur United Stales Sonatas, au l lu..t County loo,
as he says, in the ceutro of the State ? Strange as
this may apperr, it is nevertheless true I What
then, became of the rights of the West? Had we
then no individual iu that great region who could
wear Senatorial honors with bocouiiug dignity I
Alas! tint we were then so destitute! Tho Hon
orable geutleman who lately aspired to the station
of Senator with so much ardol, had not then been
to Washington. Ha had not fixed his eyo upun
one of those crimson cushioned seats in tho Senate
Cu imbcr, and fancied to himselr with what grace
and dignity he would fill it. Had he done so, no
doubt the members from the West iu the Legisla
ture of 1840, would have made the grand discovery
that the rights of the Western seotion of tbe State
were all embodied in the pereo of the Senator from
the Buncombe District, aud that the only way in
which those rights could be vindicated and la .in
tained, was by transferring the said Senator from a
seat in the State Scnuti , to "X in the Senate of the
United State. Had they failed, however, to make
this important disoorery, they certaiuly would have
been as severely lectured fur their want of percep
tion! those of 1848 have been, fur similar fail
ure. In relation to " theother high officers of the State,"
which Mr. Clinemaii says have Usually been taken
from the Midlltnnd Eastern portion uf the State,
I t Ii ink a slight refefewwto the facts will show that
in thu distribution of tlil'si-j-the West has no eause
locoiin'laiu. Fur 6omeVe.iiT pa jt tn out of the
Aim. as the nominee of the mrtv." Of what, then.
it, that Mr. Clingman so loudly complains? Of j forth in all future time, as a memorable example of
whit hive a majority of the representatives from the wlilt won,.,n can undertake, and accomplish too,
i -
i when stimulated by tho love of science, and a no-
tirst'Congrcssional District been guilty, to merit sucl
severe punishment as Mr. C. advises you lo it'.lliet 1
What crimes have they committed, to justify the use
of such language as he has applied to them? such.
118 ".TUB 'SERVANTS' OF. Ce.SiRU. MlN.lOKKs"
'wiiiii; slaves'' i'H mho can be ''cajoled or in-
TlMIDATICO t.ro AN A B IN IXIN.UCNT- OK YOl'R EUlll r.S.,J
Their offence "n'i this evtuil. in wwe'--th?y vo
ted fur the Hon. George E. Bidder,- for Senator of
the United States and Mr. Clinginin says, if he
h til been a member, be would have done the same
thing but not being a member, he advised his
friends to do it ! ; Now, where is the difference be
tween what Mr. Cliugman, if a member, would have
done, and what your represent ilivesiii do? Upon
the strange inconsistency of the course pursued by
Air. C , I leave you to make your own comments,
nnd to award your own judgment. -
In conclusion, Fellow-Citizens, I havo to express
my regret that any necessity existed for addressing
'you ou-this vocation, as it is painful to me to be
brought in coutliot with those I havo horetofii.ro es
teemed. It was a necessity, however, not of my cre
ating. I deemed it due to you, lis one of your rep
resentatives, tu say what 1 hnvt in "vindication of
my public conduct as such, leaving you to decide the
issue which your representative in Congress has
made between himself and your representatives in
tho S.atc Legislature and with that decision 1 shall
be Content.
Thanking you most cordially for the generous
confidence yoii have heretofore reposed in me, and
expressing the hope, that upon proper enquiry, you
will be satisfied that that coufiJcnce has neither been
misplaced nor betrayed, . ,
1 remain, wiih great respect.
Your frieud aud fellow-citizen,
S. F. PATTERSON.
Caldwell County, February 10. 1S40.
. PE litors of Newsp apers wh i h ive, published or
may publish Mr. Cliiiman's Address, will oblige mc
by also publishing the above.
j hie spirit of philanthropy. Henceforth it may not
! 1) ' said that medical science is monopolized by man
! a!o:iThe door is this day opened the bar is re
j moved which has shut out woman from fulfilling
her mission as a ministering angel to the sick, fur
nished not only with tho softer atul the kindlier at
tributes of her sex, but with all tho appliances aud
resources of science : and she takes her rank a
mong the disciples of Esculapius Minerva-like,
fully armed, tlioneh not with the panoply of Mars.
God speed her in her errand of mercy, and crown
her efforts with abundant success." '-':'
While (he Professor was pronouncing this part
of his address, bearing such a noble testimony to
the merit, of tho hd'j graduate, the eyes of many
of the fair auditors were suffused with tears : litul
at its conclusion, a hearty applause gave proof that
nuny hearts responded, Amen, to the wish for her
success, -
Whether it is desirable for ladies to pursue- the
study of Medical science, except U schools designed
fir females, is a question I &top not now to discuss;
but Eliza Ei.ackwill has done it successfully, and
I doubt not her future course will prove that Gen
eva College never conferred her honers upon one
more worthy ta receive them. She is from Phila
delphia, and came to Geneva, because several other
lljdical Institutions declined receiving her.
KVELVS. .
Wakk, Co. Feb. 28, 1819.
Mr. EniToa : Sir, You noticed not long since
the graduating of a young lady, Miss Eliza Black
wi!', tit Geneva Medical College, N. Y. and as it
inny not be. uninteresting lo your readers, to know
suiii'3 of the particulars connected with that event,
I send you a slip from tho Syracuse Journal, which
you can insert in your paper if you think proper.
. Yours..'.
G. C. S.
GENEVA COLLEGE.
Geneva, January, 23, 1S19.
The exercises of the Medical commencement
were held (Ids morning in the Presbyterian Church;
They drew together an unusually large concourse,
and til.' spacious 'edifice was tilled in every part,
chiefly by ladies, in expectation of seeing what
was never seen before by an American undience.
Tho course of Medical lectures was attended
last year, by a lady. Although she acquitted her
self with credit aad propriety, she was the subject
of much remark, but regardless of all gossip, she
resolutely pursued her object. During the course
of study and lectures just closed, alio again applied
herself with a view of attaining the honors of the
college; and now the result was to be proclaimed,
publicly, in presence ef a large assembly compris
ing the Board of Trustees, the Professors and Tu
tors of the College, the students, citizens and stran
gers, and treat numbers of her own sex, who were
there to regard her with curiosity, or envy, or ex
ultation. .
The oxercises wore opened by president Hale,
with prayer, and a brief address. Net followed
tho presentation of tho Diplomas. All eyes were
fixed in expectation. The young men, in groups
of three and four at a time, were called upon the
platform and received their parchment. Seven
teen were graduated. Then was called "DOMINA
Black will." Miss 1). ascended the stage. The'
audience held their breath. The President rcse,
and pronouncing the usual Latin formula, delivered
the Diploma into her hands. Instead of turning
awaj, she stood a moment, as if something remain
ed to bo door, and then, iu a modest but audible
voice, said" Ihank jnu, Sir. ll sliall be tlie ef
futi of mij life, by OixVt help, to fhed Awior on this
Diploma." The feelings of flic audience could be
restrained no longer, unJ a round of applause testi
fied their interest in this novel and exciting scene.
Professor Charles A. Lkk then proceeded to
deliver the customary V'diuas to the graduates. At
the close of it he s a'al " An event connected with
Ihe proceedings of this day deserves some notice
oil this occasion, calculated a-i it is locjtcilecMrioc.
SUPREME COURT.
The Judges of this Tribunal have commenced
delivering their OeiMons, of which the following
arc tho lirst :
I!y UvFFiff, C. J. In McKensio v. Litlle, from
Anson, remanding the cause. Also in Arlington
r. Screws, from Nash, affirming the- judgment
Also iti 1 larpor . Davis, from Duplin, reversed in.
part and judgment here for $12. Also in Den ex
tli'in Phelps v. hong, from Washington, reversing
the judgment and remanding the cause. Also in
Daughtry v. Iliddick, in Equity from Gates, affirm
ing tho decree'.. Also in Carmichael f. Uay, in
'Equity from Cumberland, directing an ac;'0".'nt.
Also in Monroe t. Stutts, from Moore, affirming
the judgment.
l)y Nash, J. In Ilanliuo r. March, from Davie,
affirming the judgment below. Also in Den ex
Vein Toole v. Peterson, from New Hanover, re
versing the judgment and directing a venire. Ae m
to. Also in Coltrane v. Spurgin, from Randolph,
reversing Ihe judgment. Also in Dully . Mur-
nil, from Onslow, reversing the judgment and di
recting a venire de novo. Alio in Den (X dcm.
President &.c.of the Literary Fund v. Clark, from
Hyde, aflirming tlie judgment. Also in Freeman
i Skinner, from Bortio, directing a venire de novo.
Also iu State v. Jone3, from Rockingham, rover
sins the judgment and directing a xenirc dc novo.
Also in Brown v. McNeill, in Equity from Cum
berland, dismissing the bill with costs. Aho iu
McGuire t. Evans, in Equity from Cumberland.
By Pearso.v, J. In Draughan v. Bunting, from
Sampson, reversing the judgment below and direc
ting a rcitire de novo. Also in Hubbard . Wall's
Ex'rs. from Richmond, affirming tho judgment be
low. Also in Nixon . Nunnery, from Cumber
land, dtiW.ing the judgment. Also iu Lea v.
Johni-ton, from Caswell, dismissing the Petition
with costs. Also in Cole v. Hester, from Frank
lin, afiir;niiig tlie judgment. A'so iu Twi ly r.
Sanderson, from Tyrrell, affirming the judgment
Also in Tubus t. Williams, from Pasquotank, af
firming the decree of tlie Supreme Court. A'so in
Howell v. Unwell, in Equity frnmOleavuland, dis
missing tho bill with costs. Also in lVgu'ca, v.
Pegues, is Equity from Anson, directing a refer
ence to tho Master. AIfo in Tilley r. Huberts, in
Equity from Orange, disiuiashig Ihe bill with costs.
Also, in Ruby r. Ellison, in Equity from Martin,
dismissing the Bill. .-
A LOCOFOCO BREEZE!
To the Editors vf .the Xilitmal -liilcIHgetrer
' WAsiustiTOs, Feb. 2. 1840.
Gr.STLCJtr.x: Tlie extraordinary character of i
the following letter from Gen. rSrir.i.ns, received ,
through the mail un the morning of the 2 ith inst., j
imposes upon me- the necessity of giving it pub- I
licity, with some comments thereon. I have, there-
f.re, to ask of you sufneient space in your columns
for that pit rnoise.
Very. respectfully, yo'i'r o;:c i't, ici
.SIDNEY lUiEKSE.
Washington, Feb. 23.18-19.
Slit : On my return to this country from Mexi
co, broken in constitution, feeble in health, and stili
siillering under the "effects of wontn!.?, you were
the oply man. in tlie city of Washington who re
ceived tne with coldness and unkind ness.. When
this city honored me with a public dinner, which
Was generally intended as a compliment hot only to
uie but to my State, you were the. only man who
declined to attend that dinner. Voir went further,
Yon propagated a; report hero in Washington, and
circulated it afterwards in Illinois, that I .was inel
igible to the office of Senator ; and this, too, after
I had poured out my blocd like water in the battle
fields of my country. You published an rtiticle
in the St. Louis Republican charging me with in
eligibilily doing that which I thought no man in
these United States would have been mean enough
to do in my case, even if it had been true. You,
however, did this, knowing it to be untrue. Oa
this subject I have imply to say, thai, had I been
defeated by you on that ground I had sv;ru in my
heart that you never should have profiled by your
success; and, depend upon it, I would have kept
that vow, regardless of consequences. That, how
ever, is now past, and tho vow is cancelled, by
your defeat. Why I address you now is simply
this; '-.'
In 1810 you gave mo sernething in the shape of
a final certificate-of naturalization in Effingham
court.. You knew at the time that I was natural
ized by law, and by the 'naturalization of my fath
er while ! Wag a minor. I told you the circum
stances, and, as I then talked of going to Canada
in caso of war, you offered to give me a certificate
which would simplify the proof in case of diilicul
ty. Now, I wish you to give me a letter acknowl
edging these facts. I write you ' a private letter
for that purpose. I should have sent a friend at
once and imperatively demanded such a letter, but
I felt that, in disgracing you, I would disgrace the
State that made you and myself Senators ; and I
aho wished to give you an opportunity to make
this acknowledgment quietly. If, however, you
persist in your course of injustice towards uie, and
refuse this request, I here give you fair warning
let the consequences fall on your own head I
shall hold myself acquitted both before God and
man for the Course I sliall feel bound lo pursue to
wards you.
""'Your obedienl servant,
JAS. SHIELDS,
lion. Sidney Breese. :
depeiiJ upon it, I would havo kept my. yrii?.;: aril
less of consequences,". Certainly it is f, i uriate
for; the honor of the country that this rash " vow"
lias been " cancelled" by my defeat I" General,
Shields suijLiils his pretensions to a scat in tho
Senate to a Democratic caucus of tlie Illinois Le
gislature, and
i expressly, or by
A corrcstKindent of the " WMmington Journa
writes from Clinloti, that Bryan Sanders, who was
ehatged with kidnapping slave from Johnston
( utility, nil d in hjuipsou tyOunty Jail, Hi Sunday
lorlnjdit.
Gen. StiiULDS begins his loiter by referring to
the wounds he received in Mexico. This allusion
seems quite, unnecessary. The wholo country,
and particularly the peoplo of Illinois, arc familiar
with the fact he bears honorable scars upon his
person. For these wounds he has already receiv
ed a liberal share offfiympathy from his grateful
rounirynien. However, I am not disposed to cavil
at this part of his letter. It is a matter of taste
that does not concern me. I
I deny most positively that I treated General
Shields with "coldness and uiikindncss" on his
return from Mexico. Immediately on his arrival
in this city, I called to pay my respects to him, nod
not finding him at home, hit my card, as is the cus
tom A few days after this, I met General Shields,
when his manner towards me was eo cold and re
pulsive that I saw all familiar intercourse was at an
end, and of course I did not aitend the dinner
given to him. ; I repeat that I did , not treat
Gen. Shields with " coldness and tyikindness," for
I entertained, at that lime, none other than the
most friondly feelings towards him; and I confi
dently appeul to tho wholo history up to this time
of our personal, professional, and political inter
course, to support this declaration. As to his eli
gibility to the offiee of Senator, 1 can only say that
I "propagated" no "report," here or elsewhere,
in relation to it. In conversation upon this subject,
I stated to a friend a fact, which the record of the
Effingham circuit court would establish, and "blood,'1
no matter where or how " poured out," cannot al
ter that record or change the constitution of the
United Slates. The assertion of Gen. Shields
thai I charged him wi.h "ineligibility" in an arti
cle in the St. Ijouis Republican, not only is not
true, but is without any color of truth. I positive
ly assort, and defy contradiction, that I did not
write, nor cause to be written, nor knew until afb r
its publication that it had been written, that, or any
other nrticle, for that or any other paper, in rela
tion to this subject.
Niit tho least so of the many remarkable passa
ges of this letter of Gen. Shields is the following:
' On this subject I have simply to say that, bad 1
hi en defeated by you on that ground, (the ground
of ineligibility,) I had swim in tny heart that you
. . y. . i a v ..M I,..., A l,Kll!lt.l I... ...t.r a,t.j-a l. 1
eafc'st
implication, mat tie will almlii tlieir w c.-.-.on ; and
yet it appears that ut this very moment, he had
sworn in his heart tu defeat ths will of the. baity,.
1 iii',i,i.iiia.ed in f,iv..r of 'his- tnont .promi
nent competitor ; and in or. lor to acomplUb. h!s
purj ose, he' determines to perpetrate an a-sassina-lion;
for such is the obvious import "of this lau- '
guage, . Such a design and such a deed are revol- .
1 ting to the American mind, and foreifln to the
American character. They are worthy only: of .
tlie most infamous ago of Italian ciimc. If our .
political contests are to be niingUl w.th, or follow
ed by personal violence, how long will our elective
system ciiduie? Without further comments, I
submit tliisextriiordiniiry passage tothe considera- ' .
tinii of candid men, Christians and '.patriot's, who
love and respect tlie laws and institutions of our
country, and desire to guard and defcnd.thcm a
gainst all violation.
Geii. Shields says: " hi 13 10 I gave him sojie- . .
HUM, U THE SIIAI'E OF A i'lNAL CLKTIFICATE OF
SATL-RALizA-nor;," which was " lo. simplify tho
proof in case of difficulty.' The naturalization laws -.
do not recognize "something" or asythino "in
the shape of a final ceriilx ite," to " simplify proof
in case of difficulty," or fur any other purpose.
How, then, aould I, a circuit Judge, have given
him any such paper? The statement has no fact,
legal provision, or probability, to support it. The
truth is, no such ' certificate" was ever given by
mo. lie may, or may not, havo procured a copy
of tho record of his naturalization under the seal
of the Court, and that is the only certificate I could
have any connection with, directly or indirectly.
The first and only knowledge I ever had of Gen.
Shield's father, either iti connection with his citi
zenship or in any other connection, I had derived
from an artielo published in tho St. Louis Republi- .
can, a short time subsequent to the clcdlioH of Sen
ator. And 1 have yet to see or hear of any man
in Illinois or elsewhere, who knew that his father
was even a resident of this country. Gen. Shields '
says I knew that he being a minor at tlie lime,
was naturalized by the naftiralization of his father,
because ho"io!J me of the circumstances." Sup
pose he did tell me so, (which I positively deny,)
does that make it so? Even though his assertion
might convince me of the fact, a bundle of certifi
cates from me, no matter how strong, would be of
no legal value. If it be true that his father was
in tin's country and naturalized, is it possible that
Gen. Shields should know tho fact, and not know
the State and county where it occurred ? When
authentic copies of those naturalization papers, if
ihey exist, could be so easily procured, is it not
strange he should attempt to extort from me by
menace a statement which if obtained, could have
no legal bearing upon the subject.
What tho " consequences" are against which
Genera Shields gives me " fair warning," if I per
sist in what ho sane man will call " injustice," I
am equally ignorant of and indifferent to. One
thing is certain, be they wdiat they may, I havo not
given, nor shall I give him, any " statement" of
the character required, cither "quietly" or upon
"imperative demand,"
In conclusion, I will state that I have neither
provoked nor desired tho necessity that has impel
led me to make the communication. I resjwctfully
submit it under the full conviction that it is called
for by ths circumstances.
SIDNEY CREESE.
WAsnmGTOK, Fobruary 2P, 18 19.
J- ,
HON. D. M. BAliaiXGER.
Tho following deserved compliment to this gen
tleman, is copied from the last letter of tho Wash
ington correspondent of the Baltimore Patriot:
" Among the members of the present Con; i ess
who decline a re-election to the next one, Is the
Hon. D. M. Barringcr, of North Carolina every
n di a geutleman, and every inch a whole-souled
Taylor Whig. Every body here who knows him,
will regret his absence from Congress, wliore for
tlie last six years, ho has boon so much a general
favorite, even though ho should be ent Minister
to Spain, to relieve tho Hon. Romulus M. Saun
ders, of the same State, now luxuiiat'ug at the
Comt of Madrid."
An article in tho Philadelphia North American,
speaking of California, aay:
Afier the gi!J mania shall have abated a little,
our emigrant friends will discover another peculiar
quality in California, which will, probably, not b).
much totkir li!;mg, namely, that it is a great coun
try for earthquakes. At Monton y, according to Kir
George Simpson, no lesa than one bvudred and.
twenty shakes wi-re noticed during two aueccsfie
im nths in the summer of 1S41. Most ofllwfV.uuy
he supposed, were very Eliht ones ; in proof that
thry are notalways so, Sir George speaks of having
seen njar the.town, besides shat'eieJ chuttl. 's. ;
'rent in the earth a mile or so in length, and thiny
or forty feet in depth,' the result of a recent eartii
qnake. j
A friend that yon buy with pinwnii ill U Iw.gbt,
from you. ' ' 4
UC ny ws'iimj 'a--' vi iv.a v o t '
' . -f .-'"
    

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