North Carolina Newspapers

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PUBLISHED WEEKLY TJY CIT. C. RATIOTEAU,
EDITOR AND ritOPKIETOR.
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TERMS: $2 50 PER ANNUM, IX ADVANCE, OR
$3 00 IF riYiilEM IS DELAYED SIX SI0'TII8.
VOL II.
RALEIGH, FRIDAY, MARCH 30, 1819.
NO 17.
IBAJLMI
JL4JL. Hm aJL. h.M a ...l A J Hi, J T sj tissual
.jj- .JJ- J LiiJ o -
liflii .1 U
TERMS.
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at Two Dollar and a half per annum, if paid iu ad
vaiii:o. Three Dollars will bo clnrjri-il, if payim-nt
in delayed six months. Those Tonus will ba invuria
bly adhered to.
ADTERTISE1IEXTS.
For overv Sixteen lines, or Irm, One Dollar for the
first, and Twerty-live dnts for car-h subsequent in
sertion. Court Orders, &r. will l cliareoil 25. wr
cent, higher; but a reasonable deduction will be made
to those who advertise by the year.
IT Iielters on business, and all Communications
ntendeil lor publicauim, must be addressed to the
Editor, nnd pott paid.
MISCELLANEOUS.
ORIGINAL -POETRY..
MR TUB R.ILKIUH TIMES.
: lines ..
Ad muliorrm quam amo bptime.
I know here a youthful maiden so fair she well might
prove, .
A Queen to grace a nation's throne the idol of its
love )
A creature all too beautiful to dwell with care-worn
. tilllltrs,
A wandering spirit from the skies, an angel, bad
she wings !
She hntli a broad and open brow, most delicately fair,
And o'er it strays iu shining curls, hur ruveu color
ed hair,
And from hor (yea, her radiant eyes, thore flows such
liquid beams,
That nature stylos them fountains, of intellectual
stream.
There playa a smile about her lips, 1 sweet seraphic
smile,
The signet of a youthful heart, untouched by grief
or guile ; ,
And when she speaks you lend your ear to listen to a
. voice
Whose slightest tones l.avu ever said unto the heart
' rejoice! '.
There's music in its cadences, but chiefly when she
sings, . -
When forth her heart's wild melody in bird-like ca
rrots rings, ,
You wonder whero she caught the strain, so strange
ly sweet it seems,
: And think soma angel's voice must have whispered
, it ia dreauuk
And i
pearl of
ah, within this casket fair, thero is
worth.
: Like the dew-drop in the lily-bell, hs free from taini
1 of earth ;
There is a , whose rays shine through, and gild
her features fair.
With a portion of that blessed light colcatial beings
wear.
And wero this earth but peopled o'er with beings such
as she.
Then sin and piin would aeon take flight, and every
sorrow nee; .
Anal leave it all a paradise as it to man was given,
..... Where saints would ponder long methiuks, to tor.
ter t fur lleueea '.
Then where she wanders may she find contentment
peace and enxo,
And flowery paths to travel iu, that Manor fail to
' lilease.
Where bright angels hover over," and smile away all
. gloom. .
Thorn wailing till hor spirit' 'freed from earth, to
bear it home:
Where all the pure in heart do dwell, forever West
and free,
And gutlier sweet ambrosial fruits from life's peren
nial tree ;
There in iuunarial youth to hloom, in uncranted lijlit ,
Where time nun insulted both his wiuga, and skies
are ever bright !
And I will strive to meet her there, with more than
Christian teal.
Encouraged by her cheerful smile, and by the love
I feel;
For one that is so -beautiful, and has so pure a heart,
Tit glory here to meet with her, there glartf ne'er
to part. J.
Greensboro', N. ft, May, 1847.
80XG 0? AN AMERICAN EDITOR.
I'm of the Press I I'm of the Press !
.My throne a simple chair;
I ask no other majesty
Than strikes the gaaer there.
Tho horse of fire obeys my nod ;..
My couriers wulk the sea ;
The lightnings lift their flaming manes,
At Art' command for me.
I'm of the Press! I'm of 'the Press!
Do monarch wear the crown t
I waft my pen across my page,
And crowns have tumbled down.
The clouds float on the nations strive;
Without the thunder rolls ;
Within, 1 bred the quiet thought
That changes aH their souls.
I'm of tho Press! TmV the Press !
The dead around mc throng j ".; . ,,' ,
'flieir awful voices whisper, Trulh! , ,
"'heir eyes forbid the Wrung.. s
. Frcm'lliem I gather jny and strength, , j
' Nor heed pale Erne's curse,
My fuilli in (iixl largo as tha arch,
lie pave his Universe.
I'm nf tke Prew ! IV. of (he Press !
Sly hoft, emlattlted types,
: With them I fjuell the yrli ni's iinnle
. And renr the tar and slripe ;
I jilve my Hanrl to a II my wee, '
A M f v Ira r, freedom's sod ' .
I -.- my hiv. and boml my kne " '
t.. ,n , .iluiie to Cud.
CROMWELL'S PURITAN ARMY.
The amy which now became supremo in the
State, was an army very different from any that
has since been seen among ns. At present, the
pay of the common soldier !s not such us to seduce
any but the humblest class of Knglish laborers
from their culling. A barrier nlmost impassable
separates In in from the commissioned effioer. The
great mijnnty of those who rise high m the ser
vice rise by purchase. So numerous and exten
sive are the remote dependencies of England, that
every man who enlists in the line must expect to
pass many years in exile, and some years in a
climate unfavorable to the health and vigor of the
European race. The army of the Ing Parlia
ment was raised for some service. The pay ol
the private soldier was much alwve the wages
earned by the great body of the people; ami, if ho
distinguished himself by intelligence and courage,
he might hopo to attain high commands. The
ranks were accordingly composed of persons su
perior in station and education to the multitude.
These persons, sober, moral, diligent and accus
tomed to reflect, had been induced to take up arms,
not by the pressure of want, not by tlia love of no
velty and license, not by the arts of recruiting of
ficers, but by religious and political zeal, mingled
with the desire of distinction and promotion. The
boast of the soldiers, as we find it recorded in their
solemn resolutions, was, that tliey had not been
forced into the service, nor had enlisted for the
sake of lucre, that they were not Janissaries, but
free-born Englishmen, who had, of their own ac
cord, put their lives in jeopardy for the liberties
and religion of England, and whose right and du
ty it was to watch over the welfare of the nation
which they had saved.
A force thus composed, might without injury to
its efficiency, be indulged in some liberties, which,
if allowed to any other troops, would have proved
subversive of all discipline. In general, soldiers
who should form thomsclvcs in political clubs, elect
delegates and pass resolutions on high questions
of state, would soon break loose from all control,
would cuaa tu form an army, and would become
the worst and most degraded of mobs. Nor would
it bo safe in our time, to tolerate in any regiment,
religious meetings, at which a corporal versed in
scripture should lead the devotions of his less gift
ed Colonel, and acknowledged aback-sliding Ma
jor. Cut audi was the intelligence, the gravity
and self-command of the warriors, which Crom
well had trained, that in their camp a political or
ganization and a religious organiiation could ex
ist without destroying military organization. The
same men who, off duty, were noted ns demagog
ues and field preachers, were distinguished by
steadiness, by the spirit, and by prompt obedieucc
on watch, on drill, and on the field of battle.
In war, this strange force was irresistible The
stubborn courage characteristic of tho English
people, was, by the system of Cromwell, at once
regulated and btimuluted. Other loaders havo
maintained order as strict. Olhor leaders have
inspired their followers with a zeal as ardent.
Hut in hit camp alone, the most rigid discipline
was fouud, in company with tho fiercest enthusi
asm. His troops moved to victory with the preci
sion of machines, while burning with the fiercest
enthusiasm. From tho lime wlien the army was
remodeled, to the time when it was disbanded, it
never found on the Urilish Islands or on the Con
tinent, -an enemy which conld stand it onset. In
England, Scotland, Ireland, Flanders, the Puritan
warriors, oftru surrounded by difficulties, some
times contending against three-fold odds, not only
never failed to conquer, but never failed to destroy
and break in pieces, whatever forco was opposed
; iMhem. - They at length dime to regard tho day
of battle a a day of certain triumph, and marched
against tho mo4 renowned battalions of Europe,
with disdainful confidence. Turrenno was star
lied by the shout of ctcrn exultation with which
his English allies advanced to the combat, nnd ex
pressed the delight of a true sol Jier, when he lea rn
ed that it was ever tho fashion of Cromwell's pike
men to rejoice when they saw the enemy ; and the
banUhed cavaliers felt nn emotiotr of national
pride, when they saw the brigade of their country
men, outnumbered by foes and abandoned by al
lies, drive before it a headlong rout, the finest in
Cir.try of Swin. and force a passage into a coiin-
bTscarp, which had just been pronounced impreg
nable by the ablest marshals of France.
But that which chiefly distinguished tho army
of Cromwell from other armies, was tho austero
morality and the fear of God which pervaded all
ranks. . It is acknowledged by the most tealous
royalists, that, in that singular camp, no oath was
heard, no drunkenness or gambling was seen, and
that during tho long dominion of the soldiery, the
property of the peaceable citizen, and honor of wo
men were held sacred. If outrages were commit
ted, I liny were outrages of a different kind from
those rtt' which a victorious army is generally guil
ty. Nil servant girl complained of the rough gal
l.mtry of the r.'d coats. Not an ounce was taken
from the shops of (lie gold smiths. Ilnta Pelagian
sermon, it a wii,.'ow on which tho Virgin Child
was nainteil, produced in the Puritan ranks an ex
invading by main forcn the pulpits of ministers i
whose discourses, to use the language of that
time, were not savory ; nnd too many of our ca
thedrals still bear the marks of the hatud with
which those stern spirits regartle 1 every vestigo of
Popery ."MeCanfri's History of England
' I AM EXTRDIIXY GI.A1) TO SKI YOU !"
There are more lies contained in these few words
than in all the written speeches in a lawyer's of
fice : and still the expression is on the tip of every
one's tongue. Imagine yourself seated in your
sanctum sanctorum, wrapped up in the study ol
somo favorite author, or communing with the hal- !
lowed nine when lo ! in pops a creditor, audi
throws a bucket of ice-water upon your burning j
thoughts ! " Ah ! my dear friend, l'iri extremely
glad to see you," There's a thumper for you to
answer for. "
Miss is preparing for a party, the carriage is
waiting at the door and still she lingers before
tho mirror, adjusting her rich tresses, when in
comps a dear friend ; biting her lips with vexation,
at the same time forcing a smile, she exclaims
" ah, I'm really glad to see you," There's another
Hi timncrv f Madam' has pieklcs or sausages to
make, and is up to her ears in pots a'nd kettles,
when Mrs. Somebody enters with her six little ones
all dressed as neat as if they had just been, from
six months imprisonment, in a band-box. " Bless
me! I'm extremely glad to see you." It's a
thumper; it's a down right lie : in tier heart, she
wished her and all her brood to the I'd liked to
said it.
When I hear a person say " do call again and
see me," it sounds very much like " John, show
tho gentleman out."
There is no such thing as sincere politeness;
to be what the fashionable world polite, we
must necessarily be hypocritical. The character'! body of his friends, and congratulating himself
POLITICAL.
STANLY OX SIIEPARD.
The North State Whig contains the following re
ply of Mr. .Stanly to the Card of Mr. Shcpanl,
heretofore published :
In Mr. Shojianrs card, he says lie was " surpri.
sed very much " nt the tone and character of this
speech, because, he says, it was evidently' intended
solely as an attack upon him, for " having voted a
gainst Mr. Badge for Senator." .
Mr. S. is greatly mistaken. I commented on
his speech, bocaii.se he "-."attacked " Mr. Badgers
courst on the compromise bill, and because he en
dorsed and .advocated" in the Senate, resolutions
which I thought, ridiculous, which I opposed, and
for opposing them, I had been attacked. If it was
of such vast 'importance to North . Carolina that
these resolutions 'should hp adopted, then hereafter
the weight of Mr. Shepard'sname would be brought'
to bear against, those who opposed them. These
consideration's justified me in commenting on Mr.
bhepard s peech, in what hs calls one of my
"characteristic .speeches." Mr. P. says of this
speech, in rather ii cavalier tone, that though'" he
heard before io left Raleigh ho had not been sp;ir
ed, he still felt so little, interest in the matter, that
he would probably have remained in. ignorance of
the harm done him, if his attention had not been
accidentally called to the published speech." Were
I disposed to " attack" Mr. Shepard, I could pro
bably cause him to wish this accident had not hap
pened ; I might excite his approbation of the verse,
" Where ignorance is bliss 'tis folly to be wise."
But I have no wish to attack Mr. S., and howev
er much I may disapprove his conduct as a Whig,
I cannot exactly comprehend, how fa.' es.i-rmii. J Ti, ,t if t we have nod..nl.t will !a
what ho never entertained, yet I suppose he means . ' e case) the route a ia 1 bescl. c ed wl ich is above
to ueny mat lie is unlnendly to .Mr. JJadger.
But Mr. Shepard will pardon me fur saying, if I
was in error, in supposing ho was inflSenced by
unkind feelings-lo Mr. Badger; in opposing his c
lection to tho Senate, I can with justice blame
Mr: Shepar.J for the error.. ;
At the early part of the session, Mr. Shepard at
tended two (four party meetings. I was glad to
see him, and hoped to have the benefit of his lal
e: 's and experience. But when wo met to noaii
nata a Senator, Mr. Shepard was not present.
There were eight or nine absentees. We agreed
by resolution to vote for that gentleman, who
should receive by ballot a 'majority of all the
votes.
Several committees were iippointcl to wait on
the absentees, and desire them to state whether
they would concur in this resolution.' Mr. ttay
ner and myself were appointed as Eastern men to
inform Mr. Shepard. We waited on him sepa
rately. In our interview, I am at liberty to say
this much, Mr. S. did not complain of Mr. Badger
personally, but said nothing to ine about the Com
promise, bill, lie did -not say he would'not vote
for Mr. Badger, but said, as he did afterwards Setr
ral times, he " hoped to bo able to act with his
friends." Mr. R iyner also conversed with him,
and at our next meeting, after the appointment of
the committees, ho reported that Mr. Shepard had
not said whether ho would or would not vote for
Mr. Badger, but had given rather an indefinite an
swer. ' .'-..;
Had ho communicated to Mr. Rayner, that he
(Mr. S.) objected to Mr, Badger because of his
vote on the Compromise bill, can any doubt that
wever much I may censure his condiictas a par- Mr. Rayner would have informed him of his own
ty mas, in standing aloof from almost the entire opinions? Was it not due to Mr. Shepard's friends
of sincerity is lihintness, and a sincere man will
never have the back-iche.
A NEW SPECIMEN OF ADVERTISING.
A watchmaker in Memphis, named Merriman
and a merry fellow he seeuW to be, too- thus
advertises his business: . . .
"Ticked Ui" Somo of my German friends
linf gTefll i ma rP m,r litori;mnnl Jt,a
with this sentence" Any kind of work Unit you
can get nobody else to do, just take it to Merri
man's." A respectable Dutch gentleman brought
a favorite dog to me a few days since ; " he wash
not been satisfied wid his tail, he liksch for me to
give him a twist to, vat you call, curl him." I
gently referred him to de barber's. " He wash try
that he is not like other men, that he alone of all
the Whigs in the Legislature -was so true to the
" great Southern institution " that ho was not to be
influenced by any consideration to vote fur Mr.
Badger, because of his opinion of the compromise
bill : however much I may think his conduct in the
last General Assembly resembled that of the juror
who complained that thero wore eleven most obsti
" (hp ji,n, ,,n dirl'ered in .oninmn tillv
him still I do not wish to "attack" Mr. Shep
ard. There was another election, pending in which
Mr. S. acted so strangely that he himself thought
it proper to make an explanation in the Senate, in
which he sjioke of calumnious reports of which
I never heard until Mr. Shepard contradicted them.
As to this election his conduct was open to attack ;
the barber and several peoples ; iney ue no aoiu u j forbftirif ,is constituents are sutulied, I
tlx hun : I vas h been said in ier papers, l cin nx
any ding most as vas, so he been come here." I
told him I never interfered with the works of na
ture, but if he had a watch out of order, I should
be happy to fix it in the best possible manner, and
n the shortest possible time. He vash not migh
ty well oandersdand, but he supposed he .might dry
some odor place." Mrrimaii, Watch Maker.
GGLD FEVER IN NORTH CAROLINA.
We observe a letter published in tho Boston At
las, dated at Chapel Hill, which state that, on the
10th instant, "a sludont of the University, wlulo
kneel
the
and
have no right to complain.
But Mr. Shepard says" at the lime ol his vote
for Mr. Rayner for Sinat ir, he was ignorant that
Mr. 11. entertained the same opinions as those of
Mr. Badger upon the Compromise bill."
I must be pardoned for expressing surprise at
this. Mr Rayner, though a younger man, has
occupied as prominent a position in tho eastern
part of the State as Mr. Shepard. He was E
leclor in that district, and avowed, without any
concealment, his opinions. I did not believe it
probable that one so well informed as Mr. Shep-
! -..I nf ti... 11 ...i.il.iii ntitjirln moil in liia sni-tinn ftf
ingatabrooktodrink.dUphccdartonewitl. 1M n v r v. u i
. , . . . . . .1 lite country, tum uu sn win anaic v jh. wu-
weight if winch Ins attention was arrvstcd ; . n
. - I nnrVnnillinna nil. I Vft mn'of Ipsi m that .Mr. It:iV-
tta searching the nlocc, assisted by a coir.nau-1 1 ' , J
. ... ... r i ner auvocau'u ;i cuusirui.-ui'ii ui mo vuiisuihuuh
i. several stAJUca ol the samo kind weru founds o .1 .
. ..t (l.n n.msmsit rial' nf nnr (rtvm t Sntl 1 llii ft 1 lliafitll.
I
These wero carried to the laboratory of Professor
Mitchell, who decided that they contained gold, and
that a vein of the precious metal had been discov
ered. The excitement in consequence had been
immense. The College is deserted, and everybody
is digging gold as if his life depended upon it. Pro
fessor Mitchell gives it as his opinion that a vein
tf a rich mine in the Western part of the State
has been struck."
We may as well add, that Chapel Hill being on
ly 28 miles from Raleigh.it is curious that our
first news of this ponderous discovery should reach
us via "Bosting." It may bo all true nevertheless,
for aught we know to the contrary.
LOWELL.
The Home Journal st iles that in nine of the ma
nufactories at Lowell there arc six thousand four
hundred and thirty girls employed. What a pity
a portion of them could not be in California, that
unhappy land where there aro such multitude! of
ihc masculine genik-r, but, as Mr. Tetterby, in the
"Haunted Man," would sny.'-ntrf a ray of gal."
"If it wasn't for hope, the heart would break,"
as the woman said when she buried her seventh
husband, and looked anxiously among tho funeral
crowd for another. " , ..-..
.....I , . -
I.WOittUTIOI WASTED. '
' JESSE WALKER, a native of North Carolina,
came to Lincoln county, Keetuckj', and voli nteer
e l to go to Mexico. He was a private in Captain
William D-iiuhtry's Company, (J. 'id Reg't. Ky.
Volunteer lufautiy, and vvus killed in the Untile of
Bneni Vista. ' Ho left n widowed mother and sis
ters soniew'rerf in North Ciirolini. They are en
litled to his Und claiin of 1G0 arrrs.
If this fhoul.1 meet their eyf, I will procure their
land w.i i nut, and also any balaiicv of pay duu the
deceases, free ol any charge whatever,
1?..-,1.. !..r...n- li..n ii.ii I I. ! !.., n .-1iTpndsT.,n
riiement which It nxjnirfj th utmost exert'iiim or u, ptpM. : . '
ihenllicers to quell. Ona of Cromwell's chief dif- j G. II. MeKl.WEY,
litulljct lo restrain his pikemen and dr.igoons from I Mar. 31. Stanford, Kentucky.
tion." Strange, that the " opinion entertained in
that section of the country " that -r. Badger's
vote and speech constii uted a great objection to his
re-election, and that " accidentally " Mr. Shep
ard's constituent never expressed any opinion of
Mr. Rayner's agreeing in opinion with Mr. Bad
ger I ! .',
And Mr. Rayner too made known his -opinions
in the House of Commons, during this last Ses
sion, and if I mistake not for I have not the jour
nal votrd in accordance with his opinions, and
yet Mr. Shepard " accidentally " novcr heard of
" Tore I to invtat-j tlio temper " of Mr. Shep
ard's card, I should say this is rather ar" charac
teristic" explanation.
Mr. Shepard says " Previously to my leaving
home for the. Legislature, the opinion entertained
in this section of country, so fur as I beard any o
piuiuti expresied, was that Mr. Badger's voto and
speech upon tho Compromise bill, constant; d a
great objection to his re-election to the U. S. Sen
ate: this opinion I heard reiterated very general
ly in Raleigh, and by at least two Whig members
of Congress." j
And yet Mr. Badger received the voto of every
Whig from Mr, Shepard's '' section of tho coun
try "-intelligent Wiiigs and patriotic gentlemen
and nlso of every other Whig -nber, excepting
two who voted for Mr. Clingman, and those two
did not rioiind their opootition upon the fact of Mr.
Badger's course on the Compromise bill. Is it ui
a fair inference, that Mr. bhopard nnd the two
Whig member of Congress gi their information
" accidentally !" Or liow doe it happen th.it the
members of tho Legislature were in. ignoratrceof
the opinions of their constituents ? . : :
But II r. Shertird dnie that his p)siil'nin to
Mr. Badger proceeded from personal hostility."
lie says in ft " characteristic" manner " 1 enter
'tain now, and never have entertained any feelings
of hostility towarJs Mr. Badger." And although
if not to the Whig party, that he should have made
known the ground of his objection to Mr. Badger?
Mr, Shepard does not seem to relish his having
been referred to as " Mr., Senatorial." I did not
use the word with any design of giving hitn of
fence, but I had heard from on? of his friends that
he would accept the office, if eli cted to tho Sen
ate, and I had satisfactory reason for believipf,
that his friend spoke by authority ; and I used the
lu,tnM nnlll , aIa Am U I...I 1w on
ruled by some of our Speakers pro tern, that it was
out of order to refer to Senators by name.
Mr. Shepard says, if he was disposed " to imi
tate the temper of Mr. Stanly's speech, &c. Alc,
"that he too might use an epithet, and call mo Mr.
would-be-Foreign Minister" and then he docs me
the honor to add, that he " signed his recommenda
tion to tho President, Gen. Taylor, for a foreign
mission with the greatest p'eisure ; miaml dis
posed to impeach his motives because he aspires
to an office to which he is fairly entitled, by his
talents and his services."
But for this statement, I should not havo felt
board to give any answer to Mr. Shepard's ctrd ;
and the civil manner in which he speaks of mo,
would disarm resentment, if I felt any towards
hinl. In justice to myself, however, I wish b say,
that " the recommendation" which ho signed, e. as
prepared and submitted to him and to othei who
signed it, without my sid'u-itation, knowledge, or
. . r . . . ... . ir e I -
advice. 1 nave never inrtist myseu lorwim, as
one having claims for office ; I have not solicited
my friends to procure office for mv
I "aspire" only to be regarded a one, duly
grateful for the honors conferred on him by his fel
low citizens, the nearest w ih to whoso heart is,
that ho may be able to aid, iu upholding the honnr
and advancing the interests of hi native State,
and lo preserve her free from the contaminating in
fluences of the fell spirit of Disunion.
Thoso papers that have published Mr. Shep
ard's card, will please insert this.
EDWARD STANLY.
Washington, March 15,1819.
; RAIL ROAD MBBTlNa. . ;
i'ursuaut to p.tbl'c notice, a respo.'table meeting
of the citizens of Orango, was held at the Court
House in HilUboro', on Thursday, the 15th iust.,
to take into consideration the subject of the North
Carolina Rail Road, and to adopt such measures
in relation thereto, as may seem to be proper among
a people, who are likely to be so immediately beue
fiitod by the work. -
On motion of Gov. Graham, the meeting was or-,
ganized by calling Dr. Edmund Strudwick to the
Chair, anJ on motion of Giles Mebine, Esq., Den
nis Hearlt and Tlrwa B. Biiley, were appointed
Secretaries. ', , t
Gov. Graham then offered the following Resolu
tions, which he said iie had prepared at li-e request
of some friends : V . , -
,...i; J . r ., .
unmau-u, mc nieiiiuers ot tins iiieetinir will use
theiPbcst exertions to raise a sufficient subscrip
tion to pnde the Road, so far as it may pass thro'
the territory of this County. ... .
. f.l'Tthfr' '"'fn'-ritesbeappnin-
ed by the Chairman of this meeting to utlmid a
Convention on the subject of this Hail Road, pro
posed to be held in the 'lown of Sahsbury, in the
month ol June next.
The Resolutions having been read, tho Governor
addressed the meeting at some length, upon the "
subjects embraced in them. He spoko of thone
cessily of wotks of improvement iu North Carolini
to enable our citizens to compete, with any hope ,
pi" success, with the citizens of other States ; and
of the importance of this work as a link in the
great chain ot communication between the Lakes
on the North, and the Gulf of ; Mexico on tho
South, lit e.Xircised it as his opinion, that the
best location for the Road, would be through the
Counties or Orango and Guilford, thence ty thu
M ay of Lexington and Salisbury lo Charlotte. He
said it was too late in the day to discuss the bene
fits of such improvements ; wo had but to look at
Georgia and other States, to see the life and ener
gy and prosperity that they impart to Hie citizens,
by facilitating and cheapening traiHportatU.n.-
A:id how is tl Road to be built ? He did not
know whether to iuvite capital rromabroador not- .
his opinion was, that we need not rely much upou
capitalists in other States, nor upon tha few at
heme. It must be done by the bone and sinew of
s x country, oy inose who will take a small amount
of stock, and pay for it by the sweat of their brow.
It roust be engaged in a a work to improve tho
condition of the State, and to enhance the value ;
of the land, and not as a scheme of speculation on
the money invested, though the stock may and prc
bably will yield something When the books
were opened for subscription, lie hoped all who
could aflord to contribute any thing, whether littlo
or much, would come forward and take stock ; not
enough to injure them, if the stock should not ho
profitable, but as much as they would be willing
to pay fur the advantages which such an improver
m 'nt wonld afford them.
We have attempted only to give a slight sketch
of a few of the subjects upon which the Govomor
UtWli, ttllu tv id,ull I IX. b V . V .. im. . n w
have not been able to do h im jastice.
Giles Mobane, Esq. followed Governor Graham,
with a few plain but impressive remarks, in which
he set forth some of the reasons which induced
him, as a member of the Legislature, to favor tho
North Carolina Railroad. He stated that hitherto,
when a project of this kind was brought forward,
it was immediately christened as a Whig or Dem
ocratic measure, and as such had arrayed against
it a strong opposition. But en this measure, libe
ral and intelligent men of both political pirtios
were brought together; and under such circum
stances he felt assured that it must and will be ac
complished. The Whigs by themselves can do
much, and tho Democrats by themselves can do
much ; but What cannot be accomplished when
both are united in their cflorts ? Mr. Mebane an
swered very satisfactorily one of the objections fre
quently urged against a Railrjad, viz. that it will
break down the business of wagoning ; and wo
would be glad to give the argument just as he pre
sented it ; but this we cannot attempt When hn
spoke of the loss of time, the expanse of keeping ex
tra horses, the exposure of health, and even the sa
crifice of life in the business, we heard a farmer
audibly and feelingly assent to the truth of hi
statement. He concluded this part of his argument
by stating that our farmers might be employed in
much more profitable business than wagoning, if
we had a Railroad completed so as to relieve them
from the necessity of carrying their produce tq
great a distance to( find a market. , They might
spend the time in rooting out the sassafras from
their fields, in repairing their fences, in providing',
rui.u'o, in clearing up anil ditching lliejt JinJ,
&c. thus adding greatly to the value of their plan
tations, and multiplying the amount of production
which would find a market almost at their very
door. One thing he represented a certain ; un
less something was done to improve the conJitioit
of the people of North Curoliua, the enterprising
portion of thorn would emigrate, and. seek some
State where bet'.er facilities for getting to market
were not denied them. He wished it to b known
that he Was in favor of tho Railroad. ' Some had,
aaid that his course in this matter would be upo
piilr. He did net believe it, . He bad yet lo leant
that the people would not sustain one who bad hon
estly and fuitbfuily endeavored to promote llieir iu
tercets. He concluded by saying that WHid-wi.rk;
was easily performed ; but he. would be gUil to ten;
when the lima for subscriptions and grading corner
D, ...;..,! Tlmf lids meeliiir ia crntifiod in com
mending the lilMiral spilil in regard to Internal lit.. ; who would poms forward most h-rliilly totem!-,
provemeiit which characterized the last General I uwr t;j iU impnrting the condition of tlie people.
Assembly, and tlmt they look to the completion of aHj cPvlli,r ,l0 ylale f Nortli Carolina lo ll.o,
a Ceutr .1 Rail Road ll.rgh the btate a a w.ak I fe
of the utmost iniHirtance to Iter chara Ut and hm., ,, w1'" " "w' to""w v"1 UAon-
or as a sovcreign,and to the prosierity and best in-
lere.sts ol her eoile.
ileti rj. That in the opinion of t'. is mee i ig,
ilw m.wi e ii'ib e route lor the cbnstruelion oi sucn
Th reMiliitimia w-rti tlten again read, and pass-
ed una-.iiiu.Airly. ,..,1,:,. .,! ..-, .
-Tim folitiwing fcntliwn wore sprviinte-U'S tlw
)i sucn , ,,, ... ... ..... ... . ...
. - I, , L -I ,-, 1 inirilHll, in rM,ll,,H,V W III) iI rm I1!UW,I,K f
A Road, from Raleigh Westward, whe.h. r n gard i ,- i, u
be liail to the grsater muniier ei-eron t ue ac-1 - "". i-v,- ... .m
ctaaiuoialed, lite quantity and value ol'tlej produo- Salisbury in lna m'xt, vis, lliui. Day. L. Svsaiu,:
Oil. Cad. Jooet , Hon, W. A. trahaiji, tii Menj. ,
Trolliiiger, t'ol. W. A. Carrigan, J. W. NorwooJ,
lioiw to be trausjiorUil, or its pru ticableness and
chrtpiuS'i in being gnifleil, will i lounu iiirougn
tiie Colli t e of Orange aihl Guilford ; ami iti iiic
etws is llier, lore a stitijecl of peculiar interest to
the citiieoi of these Couulie.
J. U. KirklaiKl, G. Mebane, aiai T. B. BaiL-,,
E.
    

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