ARRIVAL OF THE CAMBRIA. : .
The Cambria brings I.ondon papers of the 13th
nJ Liverpool of th 14th.
V5TTflS.' Cotkm has been Jul (luting the week,
with a farther decline of to d per lb. The
wee''! transaction amount to only 22,000 bales,
of which 500 were taken by speculators, and 4300
The general opsrations of the past week have
ron feeble, the revival of continental disturbances
interrupting every trade. Further accounts, both
from the United States and India, are anxiously
CONTINENTAI The most interesting and
general intelligence is of hostilities having com
menced between Denmark and Prusia. A Danish
fleet in attempting to capture the Fortress of Ec
kenford on the 5th inst. was uttely defeated, and a
line of battle ship and a frigate fell into the hands
of the Prussians. The line-of-battle ship ground
ed, and taking fire shortly after exploded, and 700
persons on board perished.
A victory has been gained by the Hungarian
force over the" Auslrians. The latter lost 1300
men, 20 pieces of cannon, and 40 wagons. ;
On tho 7th instant Lord Pahneston received no
tice of the blockade of Palermo by the Neaholitan
government. On the 31st March the blockade of
Venice bo the Auslrians was formally announced.
A despatch of the 3d inst. publishes a strict
blockade of the German por of Cammen, Swein
mude, Wolgast, Griefswelde, Strat, Seind and
Rostock, by Denmark. " ;
Central Germany is in a state of great, confusion.
The: King of Prussia has refused the Imperii))
Crown voted to him by a small majority of the
A renewal of distractions has arisen in Italy ;
the people having gained a temporary triumph,
andGeneaand Tuscany are preparing to resist
further encroachments on the part of Austria.
Rome, though quiet, is unsettled. The Pope
still continues at Gaeta. .'-,:
The King of Naples is preparing for an imme
diate attack on Sicily, and kas only been hitherto
restrained by an apprehended uprising of the Ca
France is tranquil, but all parties are preparing
for the great electoral strength.
England is quiescent, but with less glowing
prospects of a revival of trade.
In Ireland, Duffy's trial is proceeding, but the
result will not be known till the" 15th.
There are now thirty vacant seats in the Nation-
: ill Assembly of France, in consequence of death
.' and resignation, and more than sixty members are
confined by indisposition.
'..'Tho Paris Presse states that neither the French
nor the British government wilftake any part in
the negotiations about to be opened at Verona for
The conclusion of peace between Austria and the
The Cons' itutionnel states on the authority of a
letter from Perpignam, that a sanguinary bat
tle had taken place at Catalonia between the
Chief Pons Bandelali and Crcbrcha, who having
teen wsundtd in the action, took refuge in a tav
ern, where he was put to death by the Emiguilaps.
' AUSTRIA. The Vienna journals contradict
the rumors of Gen. Bern's defeat by the Russians,
nnd the Ight of histroops into Wallachia. It ap
pears, on the contrary, that the Austrian General
Pucker, surrounded by the hostile population, has
thought proper to resign his command and place
himself under protection of the Russians in Wal
lachia. Three otheT Austrians generals accom
panied him, and his trcflpsjyreleft under Gen.
Xtilliana. The Austrian forces Cronstadt were
Ktlort of amunition, and were preparing to return
to Wallachia ; their baggage haviug already left
Tor that Province. Gen. Bern was there, almost
Undisturbed, in possession of the whole of Tran
sylvania, and is preparing to take Cronstadt, the
last cltr in that kingdom which is still held by
'Austrian and Prussian troops.
" IRELAND. The Reports for the past year,
from the DistrictPoor Law Inspections, to the Com
mission at Dublin, record a volume ot misery the
'most dispiriting. Every page of this book teems
Villi evidence of the exemplary patience of the un
happy peasantry of Ireland, under suflerings that
have had no parallel in the civilized world. A
"clergyman from the parish of Connaught says this
whole district is now almost a wilderness. Out
of a papulation of twelve thousand four years ago
' icarcd-one-ltalf wmam, so that the creatures that
till live and more there may be termed rather an
accumulation of dead and dying humanity than
what (s generally meant by population. The Rev.
' Dr." Cooley, a Roman Catholic prelate, died cf
Cholera at Drogheda, ou the 6th inst. fie was
much loved and highly esteemed by all religious
nd political persuations.
FRANCE.--The Cholera Is making sad rava
'ges amongst the troops quartered in temporary
tmrracks in Paris, it is believed that the damp
' ness of the weather contributed to tho development
f this disease-
1 SARDINIA. Letters from Tnr'm to the 8th
announce that after Gen. Mastora had bombarded
' 'Genoa for 24 hours, the city had been set oh fire
rn several places. A deputation from the Muni
cipality waited on him on the evening of the sixth
to request aa armistice f 48 hours, in order to pro-
' eeeded to Turo, where they arrived or the 7th.
' r The triumphant had fled from Genoa with the ex-
eeption of Aregana. The agitators,' Accondetta
. and Jlisvillion embarked (or Leghorn.
! -"AUSTRIAN ITALY. -Destruction of tie Umn
-ff BruScia Slaughter nf the inhabitants after a
ff .fa-'J- Broci i, or rather the remains
of what once was Bruscia is in the hands of Aus
tria. The town Was bombarded for six hour, and
'he streets were earned at the point of the bayo
net.' and the inhabitants driven into houses and
burnt aliv. ;
The Mil.m Gazette of the 3d instant certains t
ru':iiinsry ofthe revoit and capture & f uneia. It
; .ivs small drtachments were drawn from Verona
nd Mantua, in order to save the city from Uj an-
archy frmestedbf tlie Cemacai and the Raimardt.
Jdar'chia Raybaa also tepaired to tlie city and on
the 30tti ult-, set down bemri" it, with 3200 men
1 ini 9 cannon. ' He offered terms of arrangement.
, which not being accepted, Irt divided his forces in -
to Eve detachments, each of which attacked one
of the gates., Tlie artillery of the Citadel opened
fire at the same time.
The attack was terrible, and on the 1st inst.,
the victory was complete. The Austrian sur
rounded the town, so that escape was impossible.
The carnage was immense.
An Egyptian army is said to be marching on
Constantinople. Everything wears a warlike as
pect. There have been other important . minsteril
changes at Constantinople, pointing in the same
It is also rcjwrtcd that the Turks have already
seized a Russian custom house, and that they have
put their own officers in charge. . ,
IMPORTANT FROM CANADA.
.''-,- Montreal, April 26,. 1819. .
Earl Elgin, after mature consideration and ad
vice, has signed the Bill indemnifying the " Re
bels" for losses of property. The event has crea
ted the most intense excitement and t'.e British
people are in arms in consequence. Between the
French and English there is the forced collision
of feeling, and the storm, which has been brewing
Bince the act passed the Canadian Parliament has
found a head.
Upon information being' received of the Gov
ernor's signature to the bill, a serious riot tool;
place, during which the Tories fired and burnt the
Parliament Buildings, which were among the
chief ornament ofthe city.
These were burnt, including the valuable Gov
ernment Library of the House, and all the impor
tant public documents. ':'
It is the purpose of the Government not to yield,
and' the Insurgents seem equally resolute.
One of the Incidents of the day has been the
arrest of Mr, Moffat, -a distinguished member of
Parliament, for 7i$ (reason. .
From the North State Whig, of April 25th.
STANLY ON SHKPAR1).
Mr. Shepard tells the public he only published
his card, in the first instance, to exonerate himself
from tlie charge of inconsistency in voting for Mr.
Rayner, in preference to Mr. Badger, for the Uni
ted States Senate, and then branches out, in a long
discussion of what he calls the ''Compromise bill.'
It is not my purpose to trespass on tho courtesy
of the Press.so far as to enter into sush a fruitless
discussion. The speeches of Messrs. Badger,
Donnell, and Stevens Lave been published, and
leave nothing for me to add, if I thought there was
any necessity for it.
It is but too apparent that Mr. Shepard is in an
unfortunate state of mind; he has Senatcmania.
We are "fearfully and wonderfully made,"1 and
our minds are sometimes singularly distempered.
I see in very late paper the following statement
which illustrates it;
"A man named Miller, who was recently arros
"led Hagerstown (Md.) for stealing a gallon mea
sure of whiskey, has been discharged by the
"Grand Jury on the ground of insanity, the jury
"believing aim to be a monomaniac on the siibjei t
"of stealing the gallon measure of whiskey. He
"had been sent to the penitentiary twice before for
"stealing the identical measure."
Now why may not a man be a monomaniac on,
the subject of being elected to the Senate, as well
as on "the subject of stealing a gallon measure of
whiskey ?" ' 1
Mr. Shepard's course not only towards afrTBad
ger, but to Mr. Mangum, since 18 10, has produced
the belief in the minds of a large portion of the
people of the State, that his mind is not " nicely
balanced" on this subject.
He still says, he was not present when Mr. Ray
ner addressed the people as Elector. Admit that
this was so, how does it happen that Mr. Badger's
opinion should, in Mr. Shepard's belief, have exci
ted such general disapprobation in his section cf
tlie State, and yet all the Whig members of that
portion of the State be ignorant of it, and that a
gentleman of Mr. Rayner's prominence and abili
ty, in advocating the same view taken by Mr. Bad
ger should have excited no animadversion, and
produced no approbation? "It is strange." It
only shows that Mr. Shepard's public opinion cen
sures Mr. Badger, and is silent on Mr. Rayner's
course, though they both agree in opinion. .
Mr. Shepard says, if his vote against Mr. Bad
ger needed vindication, it received a most triumph
ant one, in the passage ofthe resolutions, which
I thought and still think ridiculous. And he accu
ses the majority of Hie General Assembly, as be
ing "guilty of absurdity" in electing a man to the
U. States Senate, and thin passing " resolutions
in direct conflict with his opinions;" and he also
thinks a large majority of the Legislature were
"ignorant of Mr. Babger's opinions on that sub
ject." ; Very complimentary to the General As
sembly, and well becoming the modesty of one who
intimates that if he had been elected to the Senate
in 1840, Mr. Clay's land bill would "now be the
law of the land, and would furnish North Carolina
"ample means to execute all her cherished works
"of internal Improvements, without resorting to
"the precarious resource of taxes upon an impov
It is ridiculous to say the Assembly was ignor
ant of Mr. Badger's opinions, when they excited so
much disapprobation in Mr. Shepard's section of
the State, and were the subject of warm discus
sions for er against, probably in every paper in the
Mr. Shepard knows that "the resolutions" were
cot in direct conflict with his (Mr. Badger's) opin
ions; and caB he not with as much justice and
fairness charge the Whigs of Us U. S. Senate
with saving voted that Mexico commenced tlie
war according to the preamble forced tipm thera
by the majority and the Democrats of the Gener
al Assembly in 1846 with having voted that Mr.
Polk commenced the war, unconstitutionally, as he
now charge the Whigs who voted for Mr. Badger
with being guilty of absurdity ? The dei ire tc at
tack Mr. Badg was expressly disavowed by a
dieting- ished gentknrla ft of tlie democratic party,
wh was one of tlie committee that reported the
resolutions." And Col. Paine gentleman of
whose rapport any man may well be prood was
oo the Committee, and voted for the resolutions,
and Mr. FidireThad ho warmer or more uncom-
1 promisinj friend than he in flw Geaeral Assembly .
It would have been more manly in Mr. Shcpml to
have Introduced a dirert resolution disapproving of
Mr. Badger's course as Senator, upon what Mf. S.
calls "slavery" and then he would in all prolia
bility have received as many vot?8 as he got for
Senator on the morning whenjudgo Ellis was e
lected, and Mr. W. B. Shepard was found "pair
ing off," with a democratic member of the House
of Commons, whose life was thought to be in dan
ger and whoso friends know he could not possibly
come to the House to vote.
: But let us now see how correct Mr. Shepard's
memory is after giving his statement of the con
ditions of the Compromise bill, he says: 1
"It was against this bill, that Mr. B adger voted
"in company with, (I write from memory,) but
"two other Senators from slave States, viz: Jr.
" I'nJmcood frnm Kefifiehy, who said his Slate iris
"desirous if getting rid nf 8!atery,md Mr. Denton,
"whoislnoun to be peculiar."
Now unless tho published proceedings of the
Senate are incorrect, Messrs .Underwood and Met
calfe, of Ky' and Mr, Bell, of Tennessee, voted
with Mr. Badger, and Col. Benton voted nr the
Compromise bill, in company with Atherton,Ureese, .,
Bright, Dickinson, Douglass, Hannegan. Phelps, a j
Very able man from Vermont, in a published letter j
contended that tho Compromise. bill- yielded the ,
question, that the South gained nothing by it and j
it is fair to presume that others of tho Northern !
men named concurred in opinion with him.
:' Mr. '.Shepard says Mr. Badger is; a "Southern !
man with Northern principles"- and if Iho reso-!
lutions are hot 'according to Mr. Badger's senti- j
ments. he was elected under a misapprehension of i
his political opinions, and he ought to follow a
'bright example" and resij;)). . That example
was brighter in Mr.; Shepard's eyes, kfurc Mr. I
Badger's election than it is now. I t'o not wish to j
nse expressions calculated to wound -Mr. Shepard's !
feelings, though he has given evidence of some vin- j
dic'.iveness towards Mr. Badger.iti his last CQu.in.n- I
i.ijation. I am not called on to take part in such a I
matter : as far as I know, I Mr. -..'Badger oflended
Mr. Shepard, because he thoiigl-.t others had high
er claims to the Senate in 1810. and because Mr.
B. was elected in 1 S i(i and 1 S IS,' and ohstinutoly
fjfuses to follow an ex.iiiipic",b."igU"m Mr.. Shep
ard's eyesj cruelly refuses lt:esij;n,:U)d Mr". Shep
ard, like Hainan, when "he saw Mordecai in the
"King's gate he stood not up, nor tuoccdfir .him, )
"was 'full .of indignation against Mordeeai'." j
thinks Mr. J!. a ".Southern man with Northern '
principles," and will let the South. "go to the wall,'' i
as well as lose the land bill, and will not resign!!-!
The Whigs may elect their Governor ; they may j
honor Mr. Shepard by' returning him to the l.pgis- j
Injure-;- they may give, tho .-country renewed pros- j
p?rity, ami save it from unnmnbered evils, by e- j
lifting a Whig President ; they may have hvn ;
Whig Senators in Congressbut "all this avail- j
tlh'' Mr. Shepard nothing, "so Totig" as he sees
Mordeeai the Jew sitting at the Kiug's gate ! i
Mr. Badger is in the. Senate, Mr. Shepard cannot I
bo happy.. .' " j
I most earnestly hope for the sake of the State, '
for Mr. Shepard's sake, that he will change his j
course, and not give those who know and respect
him cause heraufter for repeating with sorrow that
the "proud, the revengeful, the di-cotucnted, the
"unthankful and impatient are their own turmoil
"tcrs." ';.';,',; . '
Mr. Shepard expresses the hope that Mr. Bad
ger's mode of settling the agitating question, and
his friend Benton's plan of the Mexican campaign,
may for the benefit of posterity, after all the wars
over, be published. 1 shall be glad to see them; and
I respoclfully suggest to. Mr. Shcpard. that he fur
nish as an appendix his celebrated scheme in 18 tC, j
of Three Banks of the United States.
Mr. Shepard is "sorry". that Mr. Rayner enter-1
taincd similar views to those of Mr. Badgar on',
the Compromise bill, and he rejoices they were not !
entertained by a large majority ofthe Legislature, j
Let not Mr. S. lay that 'Haltering unction to his !
soul" flattering in two points of view it is not '
agreeable to Mr. Badger, and of course as Mr. j
Raynsr differs with Shepard, it will lesson his,, I
Mr. R'a., prospects, and give Mr. Shepard a j
"bright'' hope that another star shall not cast a
shadow ever his political fortunes; for how can
the people of tho Eastern part of the State support j
one whose arguments "produced but little effect"1
in the East, whose opinion must drive his constitu
ents "to the wall;" and for whom the denuncia-'
lion is already prepared, that he is a " Southern
man with Northern principles ?" But I take leave
of Mr. Shepard, satisfying myself with correcting
s)me inaccuracies, and forbearing to go into an
examinationofsue.h of his public acts. as might
subject him to censure. Mr. Badgerhas not, that
I ever heard of, inflicted or tried to inflict any inju
ry on Mr. Shepard ; he cannot resign . to oblige
him, aiid hence incurs his furious animosity; and
Mr. Shepard's last communication has proved that
he was influenced by his revengeful feelings, in
adopting the ridiculous resolutions, and making a
speech attacking Mr. Badgpr's course. Mr. S.
cannot give Mr B any uneasiness by this course ;
tliere is room enough in the world for both ofthem
Mr. Badger in the Senat", and Mr. Shepard in
Pasquotank, or in the Legislature, where he can be
nscful if he will.
. But sliou Id he continue to give unbridled license
to Ins angry toehngs, ho must only injure himself,
and hereafter remind us of Goldsmith's Elegv on
the death of a mad dog a part of which ha will
pardonmefor quoting: s :
"This dog and wan at first were friends, ,
- But when a pique began,
The dog to gain his private ends,
Went mad and bit the man
"Around from all the neighboring streets,
The wondering neighbors ran,
And swore the dog had lost his wits, '
To bite so good a man.
"The wound it seemed both sore and sad,
To ev'ry christian eye, ;
: And while they swore the dog was mad,
They swore the man would die. .
"But soon a wonder came to light,
That showed the ronues they lied:
The man recovered of the bite,
The drg it was that died.
Mr. Badger is in the Senate of the United Sta
tes, and Mr. Shepard "keeping aloof from the con
test about the Senatorial election," in Italeigh (?)
nd exercising his "privste judgment" in Paquo
tauk. . ' . : ,
'Washington, April 21, 13ty.
HON. VM, B. SHEPARD.
The reply cf Mr. Stanly to Mr. Shepard's last,
will be fouuJ on the preceding page. ,
We hope tho controversy will close here. We
hnvo no desire, ourself, to add a word on the main
subject; but there is a collateral idea introduced in
a lung and very able editorial article in the Raleigh
Times, which we think worthy of particular no
tice, as exposing the inconsistency of what is not
inaptly called tho 'Qiiattle-bumery" ofthe South.
It is this, in substance:
Mr. Badger is abused for admitting the power
of Congress to exclude slavery from tho Territori
es of the United Stales, whilst he denies the pro
priety of so exercising that pow ;r as to shut us out
from such territory us will suit slave labor just
as he doubtless admits the ;ionvr of Congress to
spend millions on light houses Sit. nt the North
without spending a dollar at the South, whilst he
would denounce the gross inequality nnd injustice
of such a distrietioii. Hoi abused fiir this by
me,, who voted for (and by men who support and
applaud men who voted for) the Texas annexation
Resolutions, by which it is declared that Stales
hereafter to be formed time. North of 3G degr's, 30
iiiin's,sial miy be aJmit!al,iri:h a perpetual exrlu
sion if slavery, thereby' recognising the power of
Congress, to prevent a Statu when a Slate, from '
UVllU,lg VII .HI-. mi JUI VIJ, IW
ugnUing such a power, but actually exercising it. ,
a. ,..;.!:,. .. ,,.(;., r,,- ;t,,ic v,.i i
Anil in rase ol l exas will) tlie most rcvo.ting in
justice; for as .slavery exists in all parts of Texas,
as well as in that part. North of 36' degr's 30 iliin's.
us ill that part South of that line, should a State
North of it lie dinilled.the slaves ivould be instant
!j,hy the very act, aU'rimtisipdcd.-:
For these resolutions Mr. Calhoun ami his pe
culiar frif lids were, most .-.strenuous advocates
They. admitted the powe'rof Congress over State, !
whilst they deny, the power of Congress over the
Territories, ichik Ti-irilvrhs.
Verily, this is straining at a gnat and swallow
ing a Camel,;:. lty. Uli.
; NEWSPAPERS. .
Mr. Senator Ai.Lt-x, in a speech in the Senate,
u.t U,n ii!..A .;,) t!Vt l. l.,.,l.-,,l nn l!, ,....
' v ' 1 j
pars of this country as the great book of the peo-
p!e-as the great medium of communication, wjth-,
out which ptililic liberty itself could not subsist, j
. The multiplicity nf, newspapers in this country ;
forms a prominent feature of bur social aiid politi-;
cal system.. They are representative in their char- i
acter, its all such enianations from the business j
interests and politicaIsetitimeiits of ! ho people nnist i
of course be. . Yet they possess a reactive' infl.il-
enco of wonderful power. That power, however,
is as vci out nareiy recognizcit, in us true nature;
' t j ituiliuuiu.iy illuii cu, i ii.u liiu iiiuitiuuai ,jh,,a- v i" inn 1. ii vi cviio v, lot: Jill iiM-j,silli ill nnyseidllS,
it is not organized at all ; it is in its first element halders in t!lis atceiin H)lirt,ly collcur iu s;liJ ) and asl butW at least, pious' divines-Temper-The
tunc will be when the first order of intellect, roinllnent) allt t!l:lt Oiey'do hereby ratify and adupt ance. Ere long we hopo to sec our University
P! Knowledge, oi reiinenvent. tlie substantial gov
erning j.ower, in short, which is to.givp direction 1
to opinions and taste throughout the Republic, will .
be found, as in France at tho head of the jircss. j
The power, however, thus indicated and excr-''
cised should not properly speaking, be called the
power of the press because the press is a mere
instrumentality by means of which truths and fact
and just references and elevated sentiments are
brought to bear upon the public mind. : The news
paper press is the more efficient instrumentality,
since it can rause a more immediate, continual
and through diffusion, throughout the masses ofthe
people, of those wholesome- influences which are
so patent and so salutary ill their operation upon
Where, tlie press is entirely free, as in this coun
try, it must follow that bad piinciples as well as
good will find diffusion through it. Any one may
start a newspaper who has sufficient means and j
is disposed so to apply them just as any one may i
invest his capital in the dry goods business. Ilence
tliere must be many varieties of capacity, of fitness
and "unfitness, among those who assume the res
ponsible position of couductors of Newspapers
men who ly their own election undertake to farm
and to express opinions on all .subjects of public
The egotism of our American journals, as a
general thing, is perhaps the most serious draw
back upon their usefulness in tho more elevated
sphere of influence.,' A newspaper should be an
impersonality. The Journal speaks; the editor
never. It is bound to the commniiily by public
relational whichull individualism of person- is lost.
A journal is a unity comprised indeed of many
parts, its aggregate character is one. The per- '
sonal concerns of an editor, his likes orhis dislikes, !
his enjoyments and grievances, have -nothing- to
do with his function as a journalist. The public
care nothing for him as an individual nothing
more thi.n for any one rise of equal merit. The
fact th.-.t he has a priuliug press at his disposal
gives him no privileges of obstrusion, no special
claims to sympathy in his private griefs. lie has
his duties and his rights asa citizen, precisely like i
any other man. , . I
Buta newspaper, appearing regularly and con
stantly beftrethe public, becomes a separate enti
ty a distinct existence. It gives intelligence rela
tive to business and events; the public are entitled
to tlie utmost accuracy of information. Itcxpress
es opinions on great public questions; tlie public
are entitled to a knowhdgo of tlie pertinent facts.
It advocates one sido or the other in a controverted
is,sue of policy ; the public are entitled to the hon
est exercise of its best judgment and to a fair and
courteous demeanor in discussion. These quali
ties, or tlie want of them, give character to a jour
nal and effect its influence.
The newspaper press, in its representative char
acter, merely exhibits "the age and body of the
time" in its form and pressure, without influencing
it one way or another. Hie representative char
acter, however, is only tho foundation un which
its higher character rises. It must be representa
tive, or it can have no permanent existence.. It is
Dot a power in the midst of society, acting inde
pendentlybut it is a part of the system. . ;
The severe frost on Sunday and Monday night
destroyed the Cotton, Wheat and Corn crops, and
also the fruits and vegetables, in miOdle and upper
Georgia and Alabama. From one-half to three
quarters or the Cotton was up, and there is no seed
M replant. The destruction is general and we fear
disastrous. Sictnnah Rip.tllican, AnrillS,
MEETING OF THE STOCKHOLDERS! OF
THE CArE FEAR AND DEEP
Pursuant to notice , the Stockholders of tile Ca pe
Fear and Deep River Navigation Company met
in Pittsberough, on the 14th of April. The meeting
was organized by the appointment of Dr. F. J.
Hill, of Brunswick County, as Chairman, and M.
Q. Waddell and Win. Steduian, as Secretaries.
Dr. Hill, upon taking the chair, addressed the
meeting at some length neon the subject of the
contemplated work, in his Usual happy style. The
meeting was then successively addressed by Dr.
S. MeClanahan. B. I. Howze, Col. McNeill, Capt.
Gilbert Potter, of Wilmington, and Col. Thompson
(the Engbeer who made the survey of the River,)
in a manner worthy the cause, and they took their
seats aniidcheei'ing 'fi'om the numerous spectators
The Books containing subscriptions for the Cap
ital Stockof this Company, being presented by the
various Commissioners, appointed by the General
Assembly for that purpose at the Clerk's table, it
appeared that about '$30,000 of the Stock had been
taken by individuals; and a motion was made by
John II. Haughton, that the representative of the
State, N. -A. Stedinan, be allowed tho right ol cast-
1 miT tha Nt-ttii a vnta lit all nm.atmna linLtm tl,r
meeting, and unanimously carried.
There being a sufficient number of vote.s,as pre
scribed by the act incorporating tiiis.Coinpuiiyjiho
Stockholders then proceeded to fix the salary of
the President of the Company at 1,000 per an-
niini, and combined the offices of Treasurer and
Clerk of the Company, with 4 salary of !,000 per j
. Oi mtitinn, it iras ReM!udr That the Chairman i
appoint a Committee of three persons to audit the I
accounts of the Treasurer, and make annual re
ports to the general meeting of the Stockholders;
and that the bond of the Treastiror be in the sum
ol $50,000, and be approved by the President and
Directors ofthe Company.: .'- ':'.-. .
An election was held for President and. Direcr
tors of the Company, find resulted it the choice of
Dr. Spencer McClannhan, of Chatluim, as Presi-
. ' . . ... . ...
dent, anJ the tolhnvirig persons us Directors, viz :,
Jom n HauglUoii, Peter Evans and Tlios. llill.
m, v. A, Stedinan was then called uno as the
State proxy, to appoint two Direct':-; on behalf of
the State, and lie thereupon appointed Isaac Clegg,
of Chatham,' and Col. A. S. McNeill, of Cuinber-
Alter this appointment, doubts, were caressed
as to the authority of the Stale to make such ap- '
point went-". . . . ;
: .yVh'ereuponm motiqu eB. L Ilowze, if tfus'-tt-,.
,.. ...i.;..j ti.... :...i:..:a....i i. s
the appointment of Isaac Clegg and A. S. McNeill, j
ts Directors of ibis Company.
. On mution, it was Resuked, That tnothef gen-.'-
eral meeting of the Stockholders of this Company, i
be held in Pittsboro, on the second lhursuny in
Committee on accounts, John J. Jackson, W'm.
T. Home and Nathaniel A, Stedinan.
On motiun of John II. Haughton, if vas lie
solied, T'ht it is the sense of this meeting that
the President and Directors commenco operation
as soon as practicable..
On motion, The thanks of the meeting wre
tendered to the Chairman and Secretaries, tin the
manner iu which they had discharged their duties.
After w hich the meeting adjourned till tho second
Thursday in June next, ; - j
Onmolion iu-as Uesohed, That the Papers in
Pittsboro' and Wilmington bo requested to pnblis
t,e proceedings of this meeting 'f-and that all' otli.
er papers in the State, favorable to the cause, be
requested to copy the tame.
l'KED.J. HILL, Clin.
M.Q. WjinDTar., ) ,.; .s
Wsu Stf.d.max, '"' '
In tho afternoon,. the President and ZJirectorsof
tho Company held a meeting and elected Beiij. I.
Howze, Treasurer, and Win. B. Thompson, En
gineer of the work, '
NATIONAL CONVENTION OF THE
FRIENDS OF COMMON SCHOOLS.
We have been requested to notice a call pub
lished in Wright's paper, of a National Convention
of tho Friends of Common Schools. Attached to
the call we find tho names of many of the most
distingishod men in all sections of the country, in-
eluding the Superintendent of Common Schools
in the several States
'The "undersigned, deeming that the great
cause of Popular Education in, the United States
may be advanced, and the exertions of its friends
strengthened and system itized, by mutual consul
tation and deliberation, respectfully request the
friends of Common Schools and of Universal Ed
ucation throughout the Union, to meet in Conven
tion, at the city of Philadelphia, on Wednesday,
the 221 day of Vigust next, at 10 o'clock A.M.
for the promotion of this paramount interest of our
republican institutions." .
SECOND TRIAL OF TOM HAND.
The second trial of Tint Hand alias Shi sick,
for stealing the gold seabbard, coins, snuffbox, and
jewels, from the Patent Office, commenced on
Tuesday last, and terminated on Saturday, by a
verdict of guilty. Tlio act of Congress provides
a punishment of from two to three years in the
Penitentiary for such an offence.
It now turns out that this notable gentleman was
convicted in our criminal court just fourteen years
ago for steslii g an overcoat or cloak, but, by the
intercession of his wife,' and certain unexplained
reasons, the judgment was arrested after sentence,
and the prisoner set at liberty.
" Jim Webb has been arrested as an accomplice
in tlie robbery of the Patent Oflice, but will not
probably be put on trial before the next meeting ol
the Criminal coort. ' '
It is not trae, as stated if 6ome newspaper, thai
the fragments of the original bottle Which con-
U ined the ottar of roses, was found on the premise;
of Hand, in Philadelphia. Globe,
California Emigrants have so crowded the St.
Louis hotels, that it is jn contemplation to Ct up
the theatre for their accommoJatioH.,. . t.
I'rom lie I'li'ifl-ei ilk 0,s-'r;r;
ATr. FJ'dur: Although the irofess'cd intern
tion of your newspaper is to conviy information on
subjects of a political ten.-ency, yet perhaps its full
porposo is not answered Unless it occasionally ad
vert to subjects of a different nature. With a'view
to this subject, which am confident wiil not be
disagreeable, at least to a portion ol your renders,
and trust will be consistent with the candid prin
ciples of the Observer, permit mo through the col
umns of your valuable paper to makea few reflec
tions on tho present prosperity of the Temperance
caseat our University. On last Saturday (the
Slstinst.) we witnessed one of the most interes
ting and extraordinary scenes that ever occurred
in the annals of the history cf Chanel Hill
grand parade nt the Sons of Temperance. The
occasion for which it was called forth was the pre
sentation of a Banner by the ladies of Chapel Hill
to division No. 5 of the Order. The audience (a-
mong whom were a large number of ladies) were
addressed by the Rev. L. K. Willey. I forbear to
describe the address, feeling my incompetency to
do him justice. It was characterised by an easy
flow of language, with frequent bursts of eloquent
strains, enchanting all within the sound of his
voice. The principles of our Order we?o beriuti
fully explained and manfully advocated. The in
veterate reveller could not but have been impres
sion with the idea that the Sons of Temperance
has more in it than tlie name. The presentation
ofthe Banner was accompanied with a very ap
propriate, pleasing, and affecting Address by Mrs.
Watson of Chapel Hill, in behalf of tlie ladies
which was again responded to by Brother Wiley,
in his accustomed lilgli ttincd strains of oratory;
with acclamations of joy and gratitude from all
parts of the house. Onward, onward, .must our
glorious case advance, since woman, the fairest of
human kind, condescends to lend us her pleasing
smiles and delicate influence. Although our In
stitution cannot add a charm to her loveliness ; al
though she cannot associate with us.olITcially.yet
we feel her impressive influence upon our frater
nity. Love, the inino.-t principle of our Order, is,
au attribute- of hers. The hopeless disappointment
and chilled affections of .a Liisland are, like the
lights utid.slwilows of 'an "April sky, trembling iit
iier horoscope. , But her mfluenre, Cir outweigh-'
ing the br'yiitest gems "or Onmis and of Inil,''
.will, the color nnd pr i fuii,e of ,n May blossoir,
soot.'ie his iliM'uinfitted hojics and alloyed spirits
with its grace and sweetness. What 'charming
ainieipauons ana lavorable encouragements must
thispreientto fiie minds of .the Sims of the Old
North State, While hor advancement in internal
i uprovoni.'iit-t, the. arts and sciences is onward,
-still she turns not a . deaf ear to ilieono thing need-
r,,i ( ,i i. .i.or.., .:i ..... ;.
free from .he contaminating 'influence of the i ne
I riating cup. No longer will its frantic revels at:d
obsequious ceremonies he heard within its tsJIs,
or the Bacchanalian Odo
"QWo me Bacche rapis. tui
Pienuiu? quae usinora, aut. quos agor in spe-
cus, ;-...; '.'---;;
Velox menlc nova,"
be reverberated through its pleasant groves.
-;,'1;' -;f' ;.'. '. ;.' :. ' 1'RAETO.
We arc inclined. to doubt the moral honesty of
the man who is 'politically dishonest for he who
can so shape his course in politics as to be aKvuvs
! with the dominant p n ty, has a conscience too plia -
ble to be trusted iii the Ordinary transactions rf
life. Wo despise a political trimmer, and, had
we the power to dipeie patronage, would prefer
! bestow office on an avowed opponent, nal'-er
tnan on a trimming mend on whom no reliance
cauld be placed. But political trimmers often n
ceive the preference over men of fixed principles
aiid sterling integrity. Their Want of principle,
constitutes, loo often, th.'ir strongest recommenda
tion and they are appointed to office in the hopo
and expectation, that their votes and influence will
be thereby gained for a subsequent election. A
man may change his political opinion honestly and
conscientiously, and is to be commended rather
than censured nl.en he thus acts ; but this is dif
ferent from the individual who " wheels about.aml
turns about, and jumps Jim Crow," whenever ho
tan secure office by his jumps. We have no
doubt tha t such persons are, or ill be, applicant
' for appointments under the present administration
and that they will now vociferate as loudly for
pGen. Taylor as they did against him when he was
first brought forward us a candidate for the Pivsi- j
deney. , But will they succeed ? Wo hope not. j
Much of the popularity of the administration will f
depend on the manner in which the patronage of j
government shall be dispensed and wo are cer- 1
tain, that nothing would have a greater t( ndenry j
to bring it into disrepute, than to select the public !
officers of the country from among political trim- j
meVs Bait. Clip. ' . .
PRESERVATION OF NEWSPAPEBS.
A bill has just passed the Legislature at Alba
ny, requiring each County Clerk thfongliout tho
State to subscribe for and preserve the files of
two Newspapers, to be printed (we presume) witli
in their respective Counties.
The legislature have not probably done anoth
er thing as wise as this during the whole session.
No historical monument that has ever been devis
ed has half the value for future reference that be
longs to a newspaper, and no record can te made
of current events nearly as truthful, as minute, as
systematic, or as accessible as the "happy pages
which no critics criticise" of a periodical journal.
But for them," in this country, we should soon
lose all evidence of events not strictly legislative,
and fifty years hence our posterity would be as
much at a loss to trace the interior history of this
generation, as we are in attempting to recall the
moro delicate lineaments of social life in the agos
of Elizabeth or the Edwards. .V. Y. -Evening
1'osl. ' '!" '''' '" ' " ' "
-; :i- : DUKI f,'-,i. ' ' i ;.. ":
A duel was fought at Old Point -on Thnredsy
morning between two young gentlemen of Eliza,
both City ; Mr. J. P. Jones and Mr. J. B. Hope
in which kth the cambatunta ' were wriunsly
though net raottally woundctk -Yu Herald.