FORREST AND MACRGADY.
TS N.'iv York press, almost vi:a'U exception,
irm;w-t in rh BMt Tirrmnr J term tnf
ir- t ! esrwriener-d by Mr. irrr-i)y at the
A :r puw Opera Houte, to wlu.-h Uit4oria turn
a!rsly btn wade in the cnliimrtf.J.'thi fapor.
A portion nf U, doe not hesiUV to crib the
whole proceeding Vi the infliHnr f Mr. Forrest.
The Express tpeakt of the seen? in the fallowing
THE THREE MAOJU'.TllH. ....
Grvat. Riot at the Arop. Piaci! -Mr.
ilirRRA'T BRIVM mOM THU; TAG SV AH
. "wiuinu mob!!
Th tragedy of " Mjclwth" w is put up for rep
reo.tai'wn t three theatre, in t'ii eity.laat night.
Mf. Forrest playtd it to a shiti house at the
Jlm.idwa.y, and Mr. Hambtin ta full r', at the
Bowery where Mr.--Ryd was the Macduff," '
and had a ticmen leti" reception fa hi firrt appear
ing tpeiil applause throughout, ami an enthusias
tic c heervig. on Mwg ealh' beC'ie the curtain to
,','b; 'a'c.knoivl"it;:nKiiK Ho p!uy " tago"
thf rv lo-nyht, to Mr, Hsiubliii'a " Othello." Mrs.
Ki'tvr Uj.Kyirtg the wtgigement thcr with them.
- Mr. Rvan. a 'nevtOy .ttrivel Iriih rcmedian.made
a nwit hit at the iii.iverv, last n jj'.i'., as the "Irish
' T!i': .V-!ot pkci',n-M TI M was the .trene,
n'iiiif, of one ot'th rn'o-t oiHMgou and dis
pifrfii! riots thiit ever tapperied in this city. Mr.
Macr-Jy wt announced to pfrfi.rm " Macbeth"
tWi-.nnl there was a very full house a halfhour
before foe rising of the curtain. The tipper tier
was crammed, and so was the p.uqnette. The
W were moderately filH, On the first appear
ance of Mr. Maeready'on the; stupe he was re
ceived with the nit vociferous yroaoing, hisses,
and cijes of " off ! off !" A portion of the audience
(we judged less than half) were; ; warm in their
pUudiU and waved their handkerchirfs, but they
wpre overborne by the horrid and uncouth noises
which continued almost without intermission, (ex
cept when Mr. Clarke appeared, ami. he was
cheered) until the end of so wu.clt.of the tragedy
as was performed. Mr," -Macready walked down
to he footlights, and abode "tin pelting of the
pi; 'less rtorm" of groans and shout of derision
and contumely with wonderful firmness. ; A pla
card was hung over the, upper Lou, on which
was inscribed. "You have been po.nU UA!"
Then arose louder yells, and th"se wure accom
panied tfith showers of rotten eggs, apples.and a
bottle of assafoJtida, which diffused a most repul
sive stench throughout the bouse. - Mr. Macready
endured all this without flinching, fur sometime j
and, at length, commenced his pit, which lie
went on with, in dumb show, through two acts,
and a part of the third. But, as tit piny proceed
ed, tlie fury of excitement seemed to increase, un
til the otob began to shout to the " l-ady Macbeth"
nf trip evening to o,oil tha etage; sad o:v Mr. Mac-i
ready's next appearance a heavy piece of wood
was flune from the upper tier, and a. knot of raen.
in the parquette, near the orchestra.,; then showed
tliemselves as a part of tlie rioters, and, to Uie end,
joined jn all the demonstrations of disorder. , :
. When, in the third act,, "Macbeth" oinc on,
as " JCmg," the uproar was at its height. At this
ktage of the proceediugSj four chairs w ere thrown
i rapiil uccef ion, at the itage, frn the easterly
earner of the upper tier. ; One feil iut the orches
tra, and the other or the slags.. The list &U di
rectly .a'crtiaa Mr. Macready'a fwt , The curtain
then ili; and there was a long istermiasiun.
vpuring thia, averal gentlemea undertook to
remonstrate with the lioters, bat w ithout avail.
Mr. Chippendale then came forv- atJ hut could not
obuln 4iering. ;;IIe then advanced, with Mr.
St lhin, bearing a placard en which was written,
" M a Macready ha kit the theatre." Meantime,
another placard had been displayed hy ilie motion
wliicb. was inscribeJ, " o arxlot.'' : It is too
late L" , &t. Clarke was then called fer, came for
ward, expressed hi thank for hi reception, and
aid he had accepted this engagement as his only ,
mean of supporting himself and family by his pro
fessional exertions. .This over, t! rioter slowly
left the house. ' t V -1 i ' - - - '- - ' ' i
; We learn that some of them were arrested, on
getting Into tii etreet The police were present
in considerable force, bat did nothing that we
coold see in the house, tuward quelling this .dis
graceful riot- .'t "!, .;'.
. We hue not undertaken to do more in this has
ty article, tha to giv tus leading transactions of
the night. f We might give a long lit of the dif
ferent criee which were uttered en the occasion,
as going t show th spirit and motives by which
tha mob were actuated. Bock aa "Three groan
for the English bulldog ! "- Ixina cheer for . Ed
wiu, Fonreet!" at'Remembut ho Forrest wa
tmti-d in England !",' Huim for native talent!"
" Dewn with the cedfwh," aristocracy t and: the
like. But we have, at thiahour, neither the re
ijuitttB , time nor space, i We can only ay that
the whole scene -wa deeply digracel'ul to our
city snd omatryi and that is truly melancholy to
rihict that there, vraa. iM'ithor moral n..r physical
terce.etihagh at hand upon the occasion to prevent
-or.pal il dowB. -.'vi, 4(s;,;-. Ur , f t
-L':.'.:'Ji w'f . . !-"''"" 11 !
:- sm ., !,'?.' ,wwa
. Jj-it; i",;""!.: i Fti4j,My 1 1.1848,
XJit'fxcik'ment which had l n created ihrwigh-
eut tlie ci:y, by tlw ireaUien; which Mr. Maoa
dy received at the. Opera How on Monday night,
. had. fully pn'pared tlie public mind for a repetition
of the orevious outbreak.' if not a niore serious dif-
fcnlty Vtween hifrjeivls enl enemies. ....
t . . i f J 11 . .1.. Ma.u..,.
,v!l niiKTHlHj m vi w m.iu HMIUMfr
.i it r i: j .i vji tv r..- -..t:
Of, tiic i'hi-'i w t niw asa nw .ouriiuior. a.jsuui
cii ill t ree to preeerw peace l die Opera House,
u i he ouccceding evening, aiiO accordingly iilil
ry f ire wa er ivrrd In be redioy tfii the
aiflntcipaJ i'olice; in the Bresrvti'.7n w,'ordfr,
Crmrai Band lord and ll!l were or U red lo da
U.I a force, AftiHery, Caviry id !i)fqtry,,fur
this purpose. .'1'iie following torp wrt mustered
j'ir.Si'rticf', vi I ', I - 4 ?' .
. The Natmual tiuard, 7ti Kjt, r)iiintiinkJ by
CM. Ihirjew nuialx ring 8 mpiii,'.v ' ;
T0 cHpMi'0fth Govwrwr' tiuard. A- -
T ' ,"u.:t- of the l!fr, Ath Koijt. .
i: (!! ,i ot th Wailing:oii (rfyn,.7th RegU;
- ti .r-j t-i.:2ri at the. anut'ry 4iiJu-
Iib t, .re tliey tvielv.-d eT-ntl hmnHant
hall t;i tti; Ca sly if h i:it ef t; .'uy iL:,
and the Artillery tit tlie Arsenal . : ,vo s of I
Cannon six p.jr !...r were giv to tl. 1 ti'.!- 1
ry, with a supply of gWj. and t, ;ef s ;.
COMiiEXCEME.NT OF THE R1UT. - "
The Theatre having been densely packVbe
fure the hour of coHunertcing the perforaunce,anH
large numbers having attempted to procure tick
ets, the manager at half past seven o: oight o'elock,
had a notice posted up that the Tickets were old.
This did not satisfy the crowd, who pressed in
upon the building, while a large number of persons
co-operated with them inside, and for a time in
terrupted i he performance. Numerous arrests
were now made iiiohle and outside.
Orders was partially restored in the building be
tween eight und nine o'clock, so that the play pro
ceeded, but arrests continued to be mads during
the play, and aa will be seen by the list, fifty -three
in all were placed in confinement by the Police.
An editor of a monthly periodical was arrested as
one of the leaders of the " riot" imid, while the
editor of a wei kly paper was captured outside while
acting in a similar capacity.
At length tlie whole Polic Force outsldc-wero
assaulted with paving stone and brick bats, and
compelled to take refuge inside, the theatre. An
aliunilancs cf inissil?a wcri ft h""l, fniiu the ex
cavations made for constructing a sewer on the
north Bide of the theatre and in Broadway, and
most froely were they oaed hy the mob. 'Many of
tlie I'olice were wounded. Tlie mob outside had
now increased to about fivo thousand, and some
estimate the number as high aa ten thousand.
The troops began to arrive about 9 o'clock, but
the 6rt detachment, consisting of one company of
the Washington Greys, were so violently assailed
with stones and brickbats that their horses became
whuHj unmanageable, and the lines beiug broken,
the troo was dispersed. (This corps was subse
quently re-organized and held in reserve.) The
National Guard immediately came up and cleared
a space around the Theatre, and being lnrger in
number than tlie Greys, the mob failed to break
A desperate onslaught was now made upon the
troop.. Man after man, and officer afwr officer
were struck and wounded with the paving stones.
One officer received a dreadful wound of the head,
and fell senseless from his horse.
. While these scenes were being enacted outside,
the persons inside, who had been arrested and were
confined under the boxes of the theatre, set fire to
the apartment in which they wsre confined, and
then began to break through a partition next to the
main entrance, ; The noise brought down the Pol
ice in time to extinguish the flames. ;
It was now near ten o'clock-after half past
nine. The military had stood the assault of tlie
mob for about half an hour, having about sixty of
their number seriously wounded. The mob fre
quently assaulted the soldiers, hand to hand, and
took away their muskets and sabres, and broke
them on the pavement.
A consultation was culled between theRccorder,
the Sheriff, the Chief of Police and the Generals
commanding. It was at once concluded to read
the Riot Act and fire upon the rioters.
The Sheriff first read the riot act, which was
announced by the Rerordor.tho Chief of Police and
officers in command to such portions of the mob as
had tot heard it read, ' i : (. V
; Captain Price, of one of tlio military companies,
wa wounded by a pistol shot fired from the mob.
The ball or slug took effect in his leg, ,
The crowd continued to press upon the troops, a
charge with bayonet was resorted to. Thi only
called forth derisive shouts, and opprobrious epi
The order to Cre or retreat now resounded through
out the ranks of the military, and at lust the fatal
word "fire" passed from the proper civil officer to
the general in command.
At the first volley, two men fell in the rauks nf
the mob. Still the rioter pressed home upon the
troops with cries of " only blank cartridge," " you
darn't tire ball," and similar during menaces, ac
companied by volleys of (tone and bricks and dis
charges of pistols from the mob.
' Another crisis was approachihg,and after a brief
interval, the second order to fire was given. The
volley did such fearful execution, that the- mob
was broke p and escaped in every direetionJeav
ing the dead and wounded to tlie car of Police.
THEiSCESE AT DAY-LIGHT. .
., All around the tlieatre, at daylight thia morning,
were group of military and police, and number of
cavalry and artillery horses tied to the post and
fenees. ' ; j - ' ' .; .
- The two cannon in tbo middle of th street, both
loadod with heavy charge of grape and eanister,
while a regular guard i stationed around tlie buil
ding. w "it, b - . -it t . -j
Amid tlie calm produced outside' by th second
fire, the audience, who had beerr most Intensely
excited were enabled to retire unmolested, nearly
all cf them Ignorant of tlie dreadful tragedy that
had been going on oiiUkle. Mr. Macready got off
in the disguise of an o&cer, whose Uniform he bor
row d tor (lie purpose. '' '.': "
The theatre presented the appearance f a field
of battle soldiers nesting Upon their arms in the
pis tfnd'fSMdtug rWr : wwonderl ewnrades, who
laid on temporary euuclies in th btxri. ' One of
the sMdiers, who was attended by a surgeon, had a
fracture ot the ekull. i-i u n i ? . !
--The upper part of tlie Theatre was occupied by
Police. . Tite Recorder, tiie Sheriff, the Chief of
Polic and Gouaral Sand lord and Hall, occupied
y MMll lOW'i; 'V-';"--"'
; CouitniMary General Stuart was ia attendance
during tb" whole fight, bopplie f tefreshsient
were provided tbf lite troop and police during the
nighu ir h AtiJt ir..i.--! v-ai v:! ',..
i-v !'. THE KILLED.' ft.i-.7 ,i,
Il i impossible to aaeertai exactly hove nany
persons were killed, or bow siauy have since died
ef their wounds, u,'-: -...,, . .,; .k
ti. In almost every cast the shot passed directly
through those who were struck, and M is probable
that number of rho wounded will die?-trvday. :--
A great numberW person were dreudialty hurt,
bat were takon ; their homes, or to house adjtt'
cent te tlie Ujr or into it. 4
At least fifty of the soldiers nd a number of the
ptdiewnea, were Wdly Injured,)) being struck with
stones !i,S:i-i.ii i,Ji.i.;.',i-. ".vA,-. ,. .
, .NAMES OF PBPSON'S ARRliSTED,
Mo !.' tl-A u.'ij-li rt; r rsorulcii9"ged w
; art'eip i ; in. thu t, were arrested. Tl I
names ar:- '
EdwarJ 2. C. JuJ i.FJitorof "NedBuntlir.
Own," who it is said, acted as leader of the rhub
outside,.:. -i. ...
David W. Hulley,one of the Editors of the Dem
ocratic Review, who, it Is said, acted a the leador
of the mob inside, &c,
A revolving pistol was fired three times at Gen.
Sandford, and he was felled to the earth. Lieut.
W. R. Harrison was badly wounded. Eleven out
of nineteen men in the first company were unfit
f r duly. Captain Shumway was shot in the
knee. Threats of burning the Opera House were
leudly made. Lient. Clark and dipt. Poor were
badly hurl, and the authorities saw no way of
saving themselves from defeat and death but re
sistance. " After the announcement of tlie' Riot Act," the
orders of the oivil authorities to fire and the com
mand of their officers, tbo soldier still fired a
round over the heads of the mob, but this only
made them bolder, and again the military were at
tacked, then the soldiers fired into the mob.
At first the troops merely charged with their
bayonets, but this proved ineffectual, warning was
given that unless the mob retired immediately the
troops would fire ball cartridge.
A few minutfs were allowed them to comply
with this order, but the warning being unheeded,
-several of the troop and police having already
been wounded, and the mob still throwing missiles
the dread alternativethe only mean that re
mained of preserving the peace wa resorted to,
and the troops were reluctantly ordered to make
ready to fire! ' .
'The command was obeyed as reluctantly as it
was given, but, it had to be obeyed. It was a
fearful moment. A, mad assemblage, excited to
frenzy by rum and evil passions, stood there assail
ing the ministers of the law and threatening the
most serious outrages, which might involve the
lives of hundreds of citizens.
A brief consultation was held among the offi
cers present. Tlie question was whether the mob
or the law should rule, and the rioters having re
sorted to the use of weapons of death, an appeal to
arms became necessary on tlie part of the minis
ters of the law. Tin troops were ordered to fire !
Immediately some eight or ten of the rioters fell
wuunded, and their companions fled iu all direc
tions. The number of persons seriously wounded is
reported at eight or ten. Several were slightly
wounded, and retired from the ground with the
uiob. ;i' ., , .
The "hoys" fought desperately. Some of them
actually seized the swords of the Cavalry, and the
guns of the Infantry, carried tliem off and after
wards broke them to pieces. , They routed one
company of Cavalry with stones and brickbats.
At least sixty of the military and about thirty
ot the police are wounded. ,
Many innocent parties have been wounded and
probably some of them killed. Indeed ihe rioters,
who were most active in creating disturbance,
were boys, led on by three or four men. .
Many of the soldiers fired on tlie ground, and
others over the heads of the mob. . Had all fired
direct, the loss of life would have been terrific. . -
Cannon were at last placed on each side of tlie
Opera House, so as to ruke tlio streets vlh grape
shot in every direction, , . , ; , ;:;
Mr. Macready left the Theatre on Thursday
night after the play was finished, and at about 2
o'clock yesterday morning went in a caiiage lo
New Rochelle, where he remained until the arri
val of the Jew Haven train for Boston. ;
. He reached that city, as will be seen by our
Telegraphic correspondence last evening. , .
3 o'clock, A, M.
All is quiet about the Opera House. . The mob
has disappeared, and all the military with the ex
ception of three or four companies have been dis
missed, v ,
" New Yone, May 13, 10 P. M.
, The theatre is still in the possession of the Po
lice, and. the streets are thoroughly occupied by
the Military. Detachments of Cavalry have been
scouring suspicious places and streets to prevent
an organization of the mob. All bowevcr.is quiet
and no further troubles are anticipated to-night.
; , w v,-- ; - : ' New York, May 14.
Our market is very dull and very little doing
just now owing to the excitement respecting tUo
rioU. The Riots have been all quelled, and the
city is in quiet possession of tlie military :
ATTEMPT to CARRY OFF TWO SLAVES !
; Considerable excitement wa produced in our
community at an early hour yesteiday, by the dis
covery of a daring attempt to run off two valuable
slaves, hired in this city. , One of thera, named Al
fred, has been hired for some years by Maj. Tall
man of tlie Washington Hotel, and belongs to the
estate of Archibald Gavan, dee'd, oi Hanover; and
the other, Swsney, ha also been a fine hotel-waiter
with Mr. J. M, Sublett, and is the property of
Mrs. Caroline M. Christian of New Kent county.
, The man who arranged for, and who was at
tempting to effect, their escape, 1 generally behov
ed to be tkimuel A. Smith, a persons ge w honovod
to thi city some years since, figured, extensively
in the shoe business, under the sign of the " Red
Boot," and has several times been arrested upon
serious charges, but has some way or other mana
ged lo escape from the strong arm of the law. "
The facts of the case, as wo have been able to
gkan thempper to be these.' About "half part
seven yesterday morning, a dray was driven up tn
Adam & Co.' Expres Office having upon It two
targe boxe, about the sii of those commonly used
in the dr goods' business, and known a No. 2.
They were directed to. '"' ' ""'". 1
W. P. WILLIAMSON, ;
" ' " ' ''No. 32 Button Wood Street,"
' J l'f" --'-- : -: Philadelphia." '
The Express Clerk having some suspicion about
the boxes, commuqicated with Mr. Barroll, the Ex
press Agent of this city, who, having previously
had tome intimation from In correspondent, Mr,
SsndfnriK'of Phi'mdetpbi, tht an attempt taight
iurmade'to roif effsome of our slave hi' boxes,
through the rheitiuin of the Express,' directed the
driver to let them remain on tlie dray, and drive
them immediate to (he depot j at the same time
.! r "ctlnif hiir) at assistant to take op h ieliet in
w.igon fft t'r ffljir of ppwnnij-tfip loxfS n
Jt, and confi:
A ehi't t;me
litothe 1,.. preff
. sr or
y bad left,
! inatiireJ. u i
a hag of moil, which ho had left to be forwi
had gone or not J his true- furpose, doubtless, be-1
ing to see whether the boxes had duly pone.
Upon reaching the Depot.Mr. Barroll opened one
of the boxes, and discovering a negro therein he
immediately nailed the top down again, and com
municated the discovery tnone of the officers of the
train, Smith having at one time been seen near,
and having afterwards disappeared. He after
ward got on the train ome distance higher up the
street. The negroe still In the boxes, weredriven
down to the Mayor' Office, remojred from their hot
nests, and placed in custody. Each of them had
in the box a small bundle of clothes, pair of boots,
a fancy fan,and a bladder filled with water to drink,
tied around the neck.with a Wmrr?:er'j end, show
ing very conclusively that Smith had made all the
preparations. It wa lucky that the negroes were
discovered, en the sec re of humanity, aa they must
certainly have died before reaching even Freder
icksburg. These boxe were very close, having
only small vent holes at either end ; and superad
ded to this, would have been the intense closeness
of the Express freight car, in which they would
have been placed with many packages on them.
As soon al it was (bund that Smith had escaped,
telegraphic messages were Immediately sent to
Fredericksburg and other Northern places, to ac
complish his arrest ; and about 12 o'clock yester
day, the Telegraph announced the gratiHng in
telligence that he had been arrested by . Officer
Caldwell at Fredericksburg and would be brought
to Richmond by the downward train in the even
ing. ; , 1: :
A partial examination of the rase was made by
his honor, the Mayor, on yesterday morning and
each witness recognised in the sum of $300, to
appear at his office to-day,when a lull one we have
no doubt will be made. :
The Mayor decided that the Prisoner at the bar
should be sent on to a called Hustings Court, to
be held on tlie 21st day of this month. - Witnesses
A WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE.
The Hibcrnia arrived at Halifax on Thursday
last, with LivcrjHxil news to the 23th ult. She
brings $100,000 in speice. ,
The Cotton market is steady, and without
change. Fair Uplands and Mobiles 4j- Fair
Orleans 4). Sales of the week 24,740 bales.
Bradstuffa dull ; flour decline C to 9d. Western
Cnal is quctcd at 23s. 6J.
LivEHrooL, April 28. Taking into considera
tion the condition of the affairs of the Continent,
the public securities maintain a remarkable firm
ness. Mercantile operations are dull, and consid
erable depression exists throughout the manufac
turing districts, and especially at Manchester, but
notwithstanding these unfavorable influences,afler
some fluctuations during the week, consols sottlcd
verysteadily at its close, at 92.
, The advices from France are rather dispiriting
to our manufactures, while orders from other parts
of the Continent are at a stand. There has been
nn act rial variation in the prices of Cotton since
our laat.but from the depressing effect of the block
ade of the German ports upon the business of
Manchester, the very moderate demand for goods
and yams, and the sustained abundance of supply,
there is a probability that tlie market will be seri
The English Navigation law hat passed, tlie
House of Commons by a majority of 61. .
; France. France still continues to enjoy tran
quility. The expedition for the reinstatement of
the Pop"e set sail from Toulon on the 22d, and had
arrived at Civita Vecchia, and would immediately
proceed to Rome, the Pope meanwhile remaining
at Gsta until the revolt is supposed.
M. Frabbold, agent of tlie Roman Republic, had
presented his protest against the French expedition
to Civita Vecchia. ..
Some apprehension were entertained of the fidel
ity of a portion of the garrison of Paris, and two
regiment ordered to quit the city at four
hours' notice. The cholera was spreading in
Sardina. The Sardians have rejected the term
of tlie amnesty proposed by the Austrian, and the
Piedmontcse ministers have given fresh directions
to the Department of War to prepare for an imme
diate resumption of hostilities.
It is reported that the French Minister at Turin
had instruction to encourage the Sardians. to re
ject the terms of peace offered by Radetsky,
. The Neapolitan troops continue to be success
ful in their expedition into Sicily. The town of
Solo has surrendered to them. ; ; , , ,
. Germany Affair jn Germany continue iq a
state of great distraction. Austria ha met addi
tional reverses In Hungary. ' ., '
The hostilities between Denmark and Germany
ttiii continue witnout any mamea resuu inai
would give preponderance to either side or likely
to affect the general issue. . The Gorman troops
are entering Jutland in considerable numbers.
Slterior Coubt, for this county ,i now in
session His Honor, Judge Dick, presiding.. On
Tuesday last tlie negro woman wlm recently mur
dered the child of Dr. James, of Rockingham, and
one of her own. children likewise, by brutally cut
ting their throats, was arraigned for trial. - (This
was a case removed from Rockingham to this
county.) After considerable difficulty a jury was
empanncled, and the Court proceeded to dispose of
the case.. Solicitor Poiodexttr, ably prosecuted
fer the State, and Samuel P. Hill, and Albert G.
Anderson, Esqr., appeared, by appointment of
(ha Judge, w suppose,) for the prisoner. The
evidence in the case having been taken pro and
con, the Council for tlie prisoner made an able and
Ingenious defence, but to no purpose the States
Attorney hod but little difficulty In making it ap
pear a cold-blooded and diabolical murder. Th
Judge charged the Jury the Jury retired but two
or three minutes, and returned verdict ourtTT.
Throughout the trial, the prisoner, who had a' girl
Ish and stupid appearance, indicated not a sympton
of concern. ' when asked by one of thi gentle,
men who arrested her, why alia kilted tl' chit
dren, she replied because M the devil wa Irt rfic
"Cas?, Caxada, and Cvba," ve all r-uember,
watyeiy near b- . - rung a repu! .t I -o Foco
warcry, or cou:;:erign, in the last IH'4drntial
election, just as "Oregon and Texas" was in 1814
We cannot help thinking, sometimes, a glorious
field in the present peculiar position of Canadian
affairs would have offered for the excise of the
pragmatic propensities of General Cass, bad he,
instead of Zachary Taylor, boon elected President
of the United States, last November. He whoJ
could take down the "whole or none" of Oregon,
and swallow up all of Mexico at a gulp, certainly
would have !r.::ked his lip at the dainty dish
rabid royalisin, or loyalism, is just now dressing
np in Montreal. And, with a cabinet made up of
such meddlesome material at, say Allen of Ohio;
Hannegan of Indiana ; Foote of Mississippi, ct id
ornne genus, is there an intelligent man, knowing
anything of the policy and maxim of locofoco
statesmanship, who doe not believe that our for
eign relations would, shout this time, be in immi
nent peril, bad Prpvidence visited u with so ca
lamitous a catastrophe as the success' of the three
C's ;K?ass, Caaoa and Cuba." , If we hades
caped the melstroom of European S.e volution, in
all probability it would only have been to get into
the vortex of Canadian politics, first, and probably
war with England, afterwards.
' There is a moral sublimity in the spectacle the
United States at present offer to the gas nf all
Christendom, which cannot but gladden the heart
of every right-thinking American. At paca pro
found with all the world, while all the world is in
arms and steeped in blood, as it were our bene
ficent system of government, resting firm and un
shaken upon the foundation it hat In the hearts of
the people, presents a striking and significent con
trast to the regal, but rickelty Uncertainties that
assume the business Of governing, deri graii, the
people who inhabit the kingdoms, dukedoms, prin
cipnlites or sham republics, in either hemisphere.
Across tlie Atlantic nothing but a dreary, dismal
future meets the eye, turn in whatsoever direction
we will. Here peace and plenty have their happy
abode. Wise counsels direct the destinies of the
nation. Its mighty commercial interests are nei
ther disturbed by war, nor rumors of war. Enter
prize and industry are reaping their just reward,
at home, while sweeping like a mighty avalanc' e
across the Rocky Mountains, thousands of our
countrymen are preparing the way for such a peo
pling of the dreamy shores of the far off Ta fl , as
will strengthen our power and perpetuate our in
titutions,beynnd any calculation the wisest among
us is, at this day, capable of. Never was a nation
to tranquil,or so happy socially, politically , every
For this felicitious state of things the people of
the United States have none to thank but Provi
dence and themselves. Th warspirit that sprung
up in the nation under tlie administration of Polk,
entered the last Presidential election in competi
tion with tlie principle of Peace, and that the re
sult of that memorable contest was a w holesale
repudiation of "Cass, Canada, and Cuba ," it one
of tlie very best proofs we have yet given the world,
of our capacity, as a people, to discriminate, judici
ously,, when Right and Wrong ar te be decided
upon, when detnegnguism or true patriotism it to
be encouraged, when Truth or Falsehood, Peace
or War, is to prevail. .C ' "
la view of the present perturbed state of the
political world, abroad, and on our borders at home
we cannot help looking upon the defeat of the Case
party, in November last, a a kind of providential
dispensation, for which the friend of peace, and
all good citizen in general, cannot ever be too
thankful. Did the Whig party go out of the con
test defeated, we doubt nut the " hearts of the
people" by this time would have been pretty well
" prepared for war," under tlie " bloody instruc
tion" the great Michigander has so often shown
himself so competent to impart. England he would
always go out of hit way to irritate and insult ;
his diplomatic career abroad was full of examples
of thia cheap kind of patriotism ; and we may
therefore be pardoned tlie suspicion that were be
now President at Washington, he would not allow
himself to be an unconcerned spectator -of th e-
vent transpiring in the Canadas. The sequel of
such a policy, of course, would see the pleasant
state of things we have pictured above, exactly
reversed ; and instead oi the peace and prosperity
we are enjoying under tlie administration nf Gen.
Taylor, in all probability we should, ere this, have
had sD torts of hairbreadth escapes from, if not
an actual collision with, some foreign power pos
itively prejudicial, in either case, to all tlie sub
stantial interests Of our common country,
It ia profitable, now and then, to recall the re
maining scene of the Past, especially, when, as
in this case, the , Present is so full of significant
events, havinj a direct reference thereto. Thus,
by comparison and reflexion, we learn many les
son that shall profit, us at some future day, when
wears again called to choose between another
General Taylor and Genoral Cuss. JV. Ex
press, - - '' " '' i fc1-'" '' ' '
POSTMASTES " GElfESAI. TEMPER ANtE
rosT-MAsTios. A letter written from Wadunirtou
to the Cincinnati Chronicle ha the following tnec-
Judge Collaracr has, I understand, very wisely
determined to confer office upon no one who is
known to indulge in hi 'cups.' Connected with
the .enforcement of which occurred at Judge Ct
room of a very amusing character- It appears that
an applicant for the office of post-.neator some
where out west, called on the Postmaster General
at his quarters, and presented his papers, setting
forth his claims to the office ought. The Judge
cruiinized him for a moment, and then very coolly
remarked: You drink whiskey, sir, I believe ?' The j
sn fortunate applicant, construing this remark inte
ah invitation to quaff a glass with the Postmaster
replied;,! thank you, Judge: I prefer a glass
of br.ndy and water! ' This reply settled hie case
hit papers were returned to him, and he was told
that his application was duly considered and rejec
ted." v. . ' ; ''
t THE RALEIGH REGldf ER. ; ". , '
,: We leant from Prospectus Just issued by the
Editor of the Register, tlwt h) intend to enlarge
it so as to add eight columns of additional matter,
and supply it with new types," pressi, &c., ma
king it' oifeof the largest and handoumost sheet tn
the Hcutli. withcDtuny Addition to its pricn. -
CANDIDATES FOR CONGRESS.
We were at Union Court and saw that all the
opposing candidate for Congress were on the
ground. We understand that a discussion took
place on Tuesday, which it was our inlentien to'
hear.but being taken unwell on that morning we
left for home before the speaking commenced.
We stated last week that all the candidatei ex
pressed a willingness to be governed by a Distnet
Convention, reflecting any thing like a fair ex
pression ef the wishes of the District ; but now we
understand Gen. Dockery has conie out (tciVW'y
eairur tuJmtiYing to the action of a Convention.
Just what w; expected and expressed to some
friend. Ncthing will induce him to leave the field
but a general uprising of the people from one end
of the District te the other. We understand that
he now charges Mr. Little ;vith being brought out
by midnight caucuses in S;anly and Anson conn
liet. New light, we tupjiose, has broken upon the
vision of the General since last week, a he said
nothing about any such caucuses at Concord, it
it evident, however, that the General has deter
mined to run whether it is the wishes of Ihe Whigs
or not, and it therefore becorr$b their duty to frown
on one who thus wilfully attempts to dislrac the
party. He objected to being charged with foisting
himself upon the District. But how speaks his
conduct? Doe he not say, as plain as action .
can speak, that the Whigs must take him or run
the risk of electing, a Democrat. It there any pa
triotism in this ? . If there is we should like to
know in what it consists. We hope the Whigs of
this District will teach Gen. Dockery snch a lea--son
that it will be remembered by all future aspi
rants. Let a District Convention be held a nom
inee be made an then let every Whig unite on
him to a man, Charlotte Jour.
JOHN KERR, ESQ.
Wa announced a few weeks ago, that although
a number of newspapers had paraded this gentle
man s name before the public as a candidate for
Congress, in opposition to Mr. Venable, and allho' ;
strongly solicited to become a candidate by a num
ber of friends in every section of the District, yet,
that he had not been able to decide the matter deft- -nitely,
one way nor the other, owing to causes of
a private character, '
We now feel authorized to ' speak by the card,'
and announce that this gentleman has decided not -ts
be a candidate. He duly appreciates the mo.
tives of those who hire solicited him to enter tlie
contest as their champion, and feels well assured
that he could defeat tlie eaemy, but 'affliction in
his family, combined with a duty he owes his pro
fession, (the neglect of which would be too severe
ly felt,) compel him to decline the contest
' AfuVr i Chron. .
It is reported that at a place called "The Point,"
in Panola county ,a bloody scene recently (CcimV,
Some men playing cards. ' Two of thrm a doc
tor and i young man, names not remr mliered fjll
out and concluded to have a fight with their fists,
and went out and stripped themselvce,but the young
man declined. They then resumed their game.
playing awhile the young man said he wa willing
"to fight with knives," whereupon the doctor com-,
monced on him. After a few mutual stabs the
doctor killed him., His brother (lien took It up,
fought, and was also killed.; The other brothers
of the two, of whom there were in all eight, now
attacked the doctor and killed him. This is only
one more of the ten thousand multiplied scenes of
enormity wnich that fell curse', gambling, has en
tailed. Gambling and driuking, convert men from
men into bloood-thirsty hyenas, and stain our race
with foul mihdeeds lliet would disgrace a fiend.
Texas Union.' ' ' '' '
BOOK FARMING WHAT IS JTJ
The editor of the Quarterly Journal answers
this question ss follows: ,.'-.'-
f Book farming, we know, isnot in favor with,
many farmers, otherwise we should find admit-,
tance into every farmer's library, and every far
mer (in Scotland) ha a library. But though we
know, and therefore admit, that no man can be
made a farmer by book, we cannot admit that the
best farmer cannot, may not at time, find useful.
l.'nt. In Iuu.1t TU kul f.. . 1
every article of practice that is followed in every
part of the country ; and as most practice! are
discovered by what is called chance or accident, it
isclearthat the discovery cannot generally be
made known until it is disseminated abroad, A
farmer who travels, appreciates the information,
which he recceived in conversation villi furmsrs,
and by observation of field labor, Such a farmer
possesses advantages over bim who always re-,
mains at home,, that is, withiu the circle of bis
markets. . Now the object of an agricultural book.
ana particularly oi a .agricultural geriouicai worl;
is, at stated limes, lo carry hint, suggestions
discoveries, important or unimportant, to the home
of the farmer, that he who loves to stay at home,
may possess the advantages of him who travels
abroad, and that he who travel abroad may com
pare what be ha seen with what he reads, and
decide which practice is best suited to hi particu
lar purpose j or perils p whe comparing the hints
of other,he may himself discover a practice supe
rior to them all. In this manner a good agricuU
tural work la the means of disseminating through,
the country practices which would be' confined to,
the district which gave ihem birth. Its principal
aim should be a good work, that Is, replete wtthj
suggestions of good souse, and with confirinatio,.
of experience. The collection and presentation of
theje desiderata, is altondcd with much IrouMo,
and expense, and unless the labor Is appreciated!
and encouraged, It is impossible to i s the means
to c 'llect the most valuable kind of 'information,
for presentation. ' '''" " ' ' ' '
The London jounala slto : Among (lie fashion
able otiWrKir costumes suiia.uo ror young me csk
we may dt scribe the following i Grey silk dress,,
the frmt ornamented wlih passementerie.'' Mante
let of the, same, trimmed with narrow pinked frnV.
A draw n Xonnct of pink or blue silk, Willi a r.ar
riw rucheof white tulle at the edge. ' Boofs'i.f
cashmere, the color of the dress, tlpjied with black.
Dark blue pamsof. Dress of glace sitk,h!ue-bliict
shaded with silver grey, "Mariielil of black silk,
trimmed with pinked trills. ' A straw bohiii't' trim
med with white rllilim. I Bl ick eailiiu't rq " bco:.",
. tijt -'.'! g .i Ijyierv ''