CHARLES C. RABOTEAU,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
; TERMS. '
Two Dollars per annum in advance.
'., Two Dollars and Fifty Cents if not paid
within six months.,
Three Dollars if payment is delayed to
the end of the subscription year.
To Clubs, we will send Six Copies
for Tea "Dollars, and Twelve Copies for
Eighteen Dollars, when the money accom
panies the order.
.-"""From the Wadesboro' Argus.
OFFICE OF THE TIMES,
OX rAYETTEVILLE STREET, NERLY OPPOSnr.
THE CITY HALL. ;
A WHIG JOURNAL : DEVOTED TO POLITICS
GENERAL NEWS, AND TO CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS.
: V" . ' ' ' " -:-' ' ! ' -'. " - ' ..S1 '- . ' i. I t
RALEIGH, FRIDAY, APRIL 25y lSbl.r jV-
On Tuesday last, after the adjournment
of our Court for dinner, A. J. Dargan,
Esqr., announced to our citizens his inten
tion of running as a candidate of this Con
gressional District, for election to the next
Congress, as the representative of said
We had not the pleasure of hearing Mr.
Dargan 's speech ; but understood he took
the ground that he is a Whig that he is
not satisfied with the compromise measures
oflSaO r.or with the course pursued by
the General Government towards the South
ihat for the sake of peace he is willing to
abide by said compromise if it be faithfully
carried out that he believes in the abstract
rin-hf ofanv State, at any time, to secede
from the Union : but. he is not in favor of
secession at the present time, fec. This,
we believe, is substantially Mr. Dargan's
position ; but as we did not hear his speech
we are ready and willing at any time to
stand corrected, if we have in the slightest
den-ee misrepresented mat gentleman.
'After Mr. Darean sat down, Thomas
S. Ashe. Esqr., offered Daniel Webster's
sentiment, to wit : "Liberty and Union,
now and forever, one and inseparable,"
which was heartily responded to, and
To this sentiment, or rather to the time
of its in deduction, Walter P. Leak, Esqr.,
of 'Richmond, objected. We believe he
took the ground that though the sentiment
was well enough in itself, yet i:s introduc
tion at that, time seemed to aim at throw
ing a damper ever the sentiment uttered by
Mr. Danran : and Mr. Leak expressed him
self astonished that a southern man would
give such a sentiment at such a time, ccc.
Mr. Leak did not at all like the compro
mise measures of 1S50 ; but for the sake of
peace he was willing to abide thereby, pro
vided the fugitive act were carried oui ngm
He believed in the right of a State to se
cede, and to choose its own time for seces
sion. but did not think that secession was
eYnedientat nresent, and he was not m fa
vor of the measure. This speech , as well
as Mr. Danran's we had not die pleasure
of hearing ; and if we have been misinfor
med are willinsr to be set right.
Mr. Ashe then got up and sustained and
defended the sentiment he had ottered
He said he had never conceived the idea
that a citizen of Anson county, or any one
ls in the Court House, would lor a mo
ment objeet to the sentiment, and he was
astonished to hear a speecn maae against
it. Mr. Ashe denied the right of a State
to secede. There was no power in the fed
eral Constitution, nor in the construction
of any part diercof, under which a State
could possibly secede. The United States
Constitution, and all laws made in accor
dance therewith, were the supreme laws
of the land, and that every Slate, as
well as everv individual, w as bound to
obey them as such . That no State could
do any act at variance with, or contrary to,
ih fiml Dnnstiiution : and that as Se
cession would bs contrary to the intent and
meaning of that instrument, a State had no
Constitutional right whatever to secede
Mr. Ashe thought the Supreme Court
of the U. States the proper tribunal for de
termining the constitutionality of a law.
Mr. Leak asked Mr. Ashe if he believed
the Chief executive of the nation had the
power or ought to exercise it if he had
to call out the troops of the United States
to oppose a State in its sovereign capacity
as a State. Mr. Leak wanted Mr. Ashe
to give a positive and decided answgi to this.
Mr. "Ashe said that it was not only the
.privilege, but the duty, of the President to
see that all laws made by Congress under
J the Constitution were duly executed. He
was sworn to do so ; and that when he did
not, he was perjured, and therefore acted
wrong. That when a State in its sovere
ign or any other capacity, acted against
the constitution, or any laws made there
under, it becomes the duty of the execu
tive to use all the power of- the General
Government to force such State into sub
jection, even though' the State might be
crushed thereby. He wished it distinctly
understood that the executive had not on
ly the right, but it was his bounden duty
to do so.
Mr. Leak asked Mr. Ashe what course
a State, North Carolina, for instance,
ought to pursue, if Congress were to go
outside the Constitution and abolish slavery
in the States.
Mr. Ashe said that if Congress did such
an act, North Carolina would rise as one
man nnd resist such usurpation to the death.
Mr Ashe believed that every State had this
natural and inalienable right ; but that it
was a natural right, and not derived irom tne
U. S. Constitution ; and that it was revo
luttnn nr tpimt and net secession.
Mr. Leak then imtimated to Mr. Ashe
ihat as the federal srovernment was much
stronger than any of the States, or number
of such States, there was a likelihood that
cnrh State or States nwnt be crusnea
in the strusrsle, and asked what then ?
Mr. Ashe said that was very true ; but
that the agrieved State or States must trust
to the j ustice of their cause and to their God ,
as did their fathers in the revolutionary
struggle, when fighting a power so im
mensely superior to themselves as Great
Brittain then was.
Mr. Ashe also stated that he merely gave
the sentiment and made the few remarks
which he did, as a citizen of Anson coun
ty, as he had no intention then, or at any
future time, of being a candidate for any
office in the gift of the people.
After Mr. Ashe sat down Mf. Leak again
got up and spoke for a length of tune. He
admitted that the General Government had
- 1 . A. ' t
the ridit to coerce individuals, dut. not
States : that it astonished him that a gen
tleman of Mr. Ashe's standing, abilities,
birthplace, parentage, &c should hold such
doctrines, &c ; said that Mr. Ashe as well as
himself could trace with pleasure ineir uiouu
back to the heroes of the revolution. Mr.
L. again stated that though he was will
ing to abide bv the compromise measures,
yet he could not see where the South gain
ed thereby, lie t nougat sam cuiiiyiu""
was an insult to the South and if he had
been a member of Uongress at tne ume oi
their passage, he would most assuredly
have voted against them . Mr. Leak seemed
to thinlc that under the fugitive act a slave
owner could not recover his property, or
,ilrl it would cost more tnan 11
im. -- - . . r i . T
would come to. He thought-trie uriusn
Government was at the bottom of the slave
agitation, because they could not, with free
labor, grow cotton as cheap as the south
with her slaves, and therefore wanted slave
ry abolished, so that they might be all on
the same footing, t or tms reason ueuige
Thompson was now in the country agita
ting the question, etc.
jlr. A&''e defended the views expressed
by him. He thought the South had gained
by the Compromise measures. " Slaves
could be and had been brought back under
the law. In fact there was only one place
where the law had been totally frustrated.
That was in Boston. That city had, how
ever, lately retrieved her character. Slaves
could now be brought back from there on
proof of ownership, &c, and he thought
there was -every prospect of the law's work
ing well. Mr. Ashe thought the South
gained on the territorial question. Accord
ing to the joint resolutions under which
Texas was admitted into the Union, terri
tory belonging to that State North of a cer
tain degree of latitude could not have slave
ry thereon ; but that under the Compro
mise, the whole of such territory, as well
as Ilfah and New Mexico, was thrown o-
pen to the citizens of the states, and- that
no SnmhiMii mpn had a rijrhtto carry slave3
to territory from which they were before
excluded. Mr. Ashe loved the Union and
u.'imd its nernetuitv. That was the rea
son he offered toe sentiment, which origin
ated this discussion, and which he thought
would have found a response in the bosom
of every one present.
Mr. "Dargan got up he said for the pur
pose of setting himself right before the pub
lic. He was a Whig. 'He had voted with
the Whio-s. and suffered for being a Whig.
He once lost his election to a judgeship be
rni.a" !ip wns a Whip-, and he did not wish
it understood now diat he Was anything
else. He was, however, a secessionist.
That is he believed in the right of a Slate
to secede ; but did not think this the proper
time so to do. He did not think the Com
promise a just measure, but for the sake of
peace was willing to abide thereby.
The above, we believe is the substance
of what was said by the speakers, although
not put forth in ao pleasing a manner. If.
1 1 1 . A
however, we nave in me sugue&i uuyic-c
done injustice to any one, we will thank
fully stand corrected.
We now wish to say a few words of our
own concerning the canvass.
Mr. Dargan. is th ? only gcntlman so far as
candi ate. His sentiments are before the
public, and he is well known to every mem
ber of this community. We now ask this
District, plainly and bluntly, do its citizens
wish to be represented by a gentleman who
relieves that the only thins that holds this
glorious Union together, is the will and
pleasure of the States that any State can
throw off allegiance to the general govern
ment just whenever it takes a notion that
the Constitution ot tne united auues is a
mere fence of sand out of which apy of the
states can walk as easily as a swallow can
fly out of a roofless burn that the supreme
executive has no power to coerce any state
into duty that in fact, our glorious laDnc is
liable to" tumble into fragments at any mo
ment, merely at the pleasure of one or more
refractory states, and that the general gov
ernment, based on the Constitution, has no
right to use its own power to perpetuate us
own existence. We say, if the people of
this District believe in this state of things,
and they wish a candid.-.te to carry out such
views, they will elect Mr.Dargan. If, on the
other hand, they believe that this Union
ouo-ht to be preserved -that there is any
meaning in its Constitution that the con
stitution has not only given the general gov
ernment certain powers, but enjoined on it
as a sacred duty the exercise of these pow
ers in certain cases, and amongst others,
that of self-defence and self-preservation
that this constitution, and these powers de
rived thereunder, would mean nothing at
all, if any state, at any moment could move
outside the influence of said government,
and set its powers at defiance that this state
of things must result in anarchy, confusion,
chaos and destruction in fact, if they be
lieve the Constitution is not a nullity a
mere stringing together of senseless words )
and phrases, and that the government found
ed on this constitution is not a mere dead
machine, iucapable of moving by itself or
forcing others to help it, then ought they to
bestir themselves in time, and secure, if
possible, the election of some man who will
not misrepresent them. There are plenty
anr.h in the District, and there is yet plenty
of time to do something if the people will
but get it in earnest. If they will do any
thing, however, they must be up and doing
ere it is too late.
For our own part we believe that all the
people in the District are sincere lovers of
the Union that they have the greatest ven
eration for the Constitution that master
piece of human wisdom, and-that it would
be 4he very last wish of their hearts to see
the States set adrift. We believe further
that a very large majority of our people disbe
lieve altogether the doctrine of secession
in both theory and practice, and that those j
who do believe in the tneory nave never
ct;pfi the dire consequences that would
be likely to accrue from the general ack
nowledgement ot sucn aocinnes,
WB wish it narticularlv to be vmderstooa
that individually we totally disavow the doc
trine of secession, and that no maUer how
hidi a respect we may entertain for any
man who holds such doctrine, it is totany
out of our power to support him for any of
fice under the general Government. This
: nv from a sincere sense of duty, and in
no respect from personal or party feeling.
"V From the Goldsboro' Patriot.
Declaration of Independence in riTT.
The reader will jremember that, we pub
lished a short time since, an extract from
the correspondence of the Southern .baptist,
in which it was stated, that Pitt had declared
her independence to the British Crown, prV
or to Mecklenburg; and that we requested
some frierid in the county to give us further
information upon the subject. In reply to
this request, we haVe received a communi
cation from a gentleman residing there con
taining a transcript of the resolves, which
we publish below. From therri it appears,
that after all, Pitt must yield to Mecklen
burg the honor of having moved first in the
noble work, since the Declaration of the for
mer was m?de on the 20th of May, A. D.
1775. This circumstance, however, de
tracts but slightly from the credit to which
she isentitied, since it is very probable, on
account of the poor facilities for intercom
munication in those days, that she had a-
dopted her resolutions before she heard of
the act of her sister county. Under any
circumstances they reflect honor uponthe
county, and breathe the spirit of a high
minded, patriotic and determined people, a
spirit which we venture to predict still ani
mates the bosoms of their decendants, and
which will develop itself in action, should
the future prove that their lots were cast in
those "times' that try men's souls."
We hope that our friend will pardon jus
for publishing so much of his letter as will
throw light upon the subject:
Greenville, April 4, ISol.
ty Deer Friend: I saw some time ago,
r.n extract in your paper, taken from a paper
published in the Western part of the Mate,
which stated that the people of Pitt county
had declared Independence even anterior to
the people of Mecklenburnr, as evidenced by
record's in our Register's Office
The records alluded to, are the proceed
ings of the committees ofsafctyjfor this coun
ty, during the Revolutionary times. They
are. now very much worn. 'tut "till perfectly
legible being written in a very plain and
handsome penmanship. Several years ago
I examined them, and took a copy, and of
ten thought that I would send them to some
paper for publication.
The copies that I now send, are the near
est approaches to a declaration of indepen
dence that I can find. The one of the 1st
July, is part of the proceedings of the com
mittee, and it is inserted as such by the
Sorrptarv. as it appears to be in his handvt
writing, "with exception of the signatures,
which is in the handwriting of the several
signers.; The other, appears never to have
been part of the said proceedings. It is on
a separate piece of paper, and a different
handwriting from the other, and the sign
ers with the exception of a very few are dif
ferent persons. It has been preserved, how
ever, in the same book with the Committee's
nroceedinars. This last may have been pre
pared by some member for those citizens to
sifn, who did not have an opportunity of
signing the first ; or it may be tne separate
declaration of a party's disagreeing upon
some trival point with the Committee par-
iv. nnd appended to their proceedings for
preservation. I have preserved in these cop
ies, the punctuation, spelling, and capital
Ipttprs of the originals. Martinborough
was the ancient name, of this town.
Yours ever sincerely,
Geo. V. Strong,
"The subscribers,- professing our allegi
ance to the King, and acknowledging the
constitutional executive power of Govern
ment, do solemnly profess arid testify and
declare, that we do absolutely believe that
neither the parliament of Great Britain, nor
any member or constituent branch thereof,
have a right to impose taxes upon these Col
onies to regulate the internal policy thereof,
and that 11 attempts, by fraud or force, to
establish and exercise such claims and pow
ers are violations of the peace and ought to
be resisted to the utmost, and that the peo
ple of this province singly and collectively,
are bound by the acts and resolutions of the
continental and provincial Congress because
in both they arereely represented by per
bv themselves, and do solemn
ly clnporpiv -rtromise and enffa2er under
the sanction of Virture honor, and the sa
a i;vortv n nt onr Country to
maininin and sunDort all and every the Acts,
T?cr.tnt;rtri! nnH Rpcrulations.- of the Conti
nental and provincial Congress, to the ut-
nnr rnwpr and nhilities. In testl'
111UO VS.1 W V lv ii
timony whereof, we have hitherto set our
hands, tins V.6tX usy oi August, u w.
Signed by 77 persons
It turned out, on couuting, that theState had clect-
J. W. Pearcc,
S. C. Bruce,
Four of these, Messrs
John II. Cook,
G. Ien:ni, -Ja-nca
Bruce, McCain, McNeill,
and Derail were in the old Board. 1 lie other live
take the place of Messrs. Daniel. McDiannid, Thos.
S. UUU-rloe, D.A.Kay, II. L. Myrovcr, and A. A.
Now let ns sec how the votes of the individual
Stockholders were cast: For
ADVERTISEMENTS, : '
Not exceeding sixteen lines, . re
lished one time for one dollar, and' twenty
five cents for each subsequent insertion.
Court orders and Judicial auverusemunu,
will 1,p rhnro-ed 25 per cent, higher, a rea
sonable deduction will be made to those who
advertise bv the year.
3 Letters to the Editor must be post
paid. Money for the Office may be sent by
mail, at our risk, in payment for subscrip
tions, advertisements, jobs, &.c- j
1080 "A. Mnrchisoti
1034 A.. VY . steel,
1C02 3. Kyle.
919 E. J. Lilly,
M8 Alex. Ke'.iy,. ;
777 John Morrsson,
Ml D. Murchieon,
fc."6 G. S;: Hodges,
572 A. F. Hail,
435 C. Montfgue,
4? l B. AW Robeson,
423 J. Marline,
i-7 B. Ruse.
: 2tfD D. G; McEae
273 A. ISrowo.,
" 251 A. H. Keiiy,
"Martinborough, July 1st, 1775.
The Committee of this county meat ac
cording to Order as Before Mentioned,
And has Entered into the following associa
tion, -' ; .
We the Subscribers Freeholders and in
habitants of the County of Pitt and Town of
Martinborough, being deeply affected with
the Present alarming state of this Province
and of all America - '
Do Resolve, that we will Pay all Dew Al
legiance, to his Majesty King George the
Third, and Endeavor to continue the succes
sion of his Crown, in the Illustrious house
of Hanover, as by Law Established against
the present or any future Wicked Ministry
or Arbitrary Set of men, At the same time,
We are Determined to assert our Rights as
Men, sencible that by the Late Acts ofPar
liament the most Valuable Liberties and
Privileges of America are invaded and en
deavored to be Violated and Destroyed, and
that under God, the reservation of them, De
pends on a Firm Union ot tne mnaoiwuis,
and a steady, spearited observation of the
resolutions of the General Congress, being
shocked at the crewel scene now acting in
the Massachusetts Bay and Determined nev
er to become Slaves to any Power upon
Earth. ' ' ' V ' '""',:'
xv An. v,prpVv A oree. and associate under
all the tyes of .Religion Honor and regard
for Posterity, that we will Addopt and En
deavor to Execute the Measures which the
General Consress now Setting at Fhiladel
phia may conclude on for Presservirtg our
Constitution and opposing the execution of
the Severale Arbitrary, Illegalc Acts of the
British Parliament and that we will reaoily
observe. The Directions of our General Com
mittee for the Purposes aforesaid, the Pres
ervation of Peace and Good Order, and
security of Individuals and private Property,
Signed by John Simpson, Ch'm'n., and
92 others. ,, -
From the Fayctteville Observer.
A RICH SCENE.
AA'e have rarely witnessed a more funny scene
than that enacted by the "State of North Carolina,"
as enibodied in the person of TWjdey Jones, Eq. of
Wake county at the election of officers of the Dank
Road Company on Friday last. This worthy gentle
man was treated hem with the courtesy t J which
his really estimable personal character so well enti
tled him, and with the consideration due to one wao
was, for the timt,, by the appointment of Governor
Re:d, clothed with the dignity of the State, and the
power to do and to undo all things connected with
-.he affairs of the Company. , No one thought, so far
wk know, until his conduct forced the reflection
on the mind, of thewant of regard for the portion of
the State interested in this work, manifested by the
selection of a gentleman in no way identified with
us in feeling or in interest, but, if any thing, biassed
by inte-est against us ; and of one who did not aid
the meeting, during two long days of action and of
argument, with one solitary suggestion or remark in
regard to its interests.
IV'hen. the election of officers came on, the meeting-received
with manifest signs df approbation, the
intimation made by Mr. Jones, that he would defer
to the wishes of the individual Stockholders. This
was. not said in so many words, but it was understood
when Mr. Jones reaaestcd 13 b-s allowo.l to withhold
his vote until he could ascertain how the individual
vote stood. Well, the iadividual vote for rrcsidt nt
was taken and counted. It was shown to Mr. Jom-s
before it was announced to the meeting. The result
appeared to put "the Statu-' in dreadful quandary.
The old gentleman ("the State" we mean) seemed
troubled inspirit. He finally bolted upon the platform
oa which the Hon. Chairman was seated, aud com
menced a whispering conference with that officer.
All this struck the meeting as very odd. ftobody
z.o.,1.1 toll whni w.-is to nav. The conference soon
ended by the Chairman declining, so it is 3tated,
to "take the responsibility'" of advising his friend.
Tha State decended from the platform. The State
asked that, to ensure some nearer approach to una
nimity, auother ballot should be made by the indi
vidual Stockholders! A call was made to know
how the vote stood ? When lo ! it was ascertained
that E L Winslow bad received 136 votes, George
McNeill 29 3, Dr. T. K. Cameron 13, J. G. Shep
herd 50, and J. H. Hall 10. Mr. Winslow had a
plurality of nearly three tc one over the highest vote
given to any one else, and a clear majority of SCO
over all others I Yet the State wanted a little more
Every body was astonished. Some were highly
amused, and some others very indignant. It was
suggested that unless the State voted, the Chair
would be bound to declare ?Ir. Winslow elected, i s
he had a majority of all the votes cast. Finally, the
friends of Mr. AVinslow. fearing that l the Slate
were driven to vote, it Would elect one of those who
were in the minority, ana not willing to give a pretext
therefor, and moreover feeling assured that some of
those who had voted against Mr Winslow could cot
fail to be disgusted with such an exhibition and would
vote for him on the second ballot, withdrew their
n,i;r.ilr, niiH (ho hal'ot was taken. This time Mr.
Winslow received 803, Mr. Mc-Ncill 31i, nr. Lara
After the votes were counted, but before the totals
were announced, Mr, McNeill asked to be allowed
to state, that he could not have accepted the office of
ProcMfiit ron if honored hv a maioiitv of tho votes
of his fellow citizens ; much less under the circum
stances. ut. Cameron was noi prrseni wo ucuc.o.
The vote iras then announced, and "the State," in '
very dolorous tone of voice, gave its 2100 votes lor
E. L. AVinslow.
It may be as well to remark here, that it is report
ed, that "the State" came here impressed with infor
mation received somehow or other, that Mn Wins
low would bo distanced in a vote by the privat
stockholders. Hence the magnanimous uelereuce to
the wishes of the private stockholders before the baLot.
Heuce the confusion in "the State's" mind after the
Next came on thetallot for Nine Directors. The
State had discovered th.it its magnanimity was all
"nearls thrown before swine." It didn't produce the
riirht sort of "unanimity" at all. Aud so the State
was suddenly "taken with a leaving." It asked to
be allowed to deposite ita Tote and go ! Thrusting
the printed ballot, prepared for the purpose, into the
hat, "the State" marched out, and in a few minutes
was vociferating for his horse f My Kingdom for a
i i .M tv,r.cf unilpr. The horse was tirousht
tl " ;
with all sneedi and "the State" was off. exactly nine
teen minutes and a half before sun-down, on the road
In the meeting, the wags called far a count of the
ballot ! There was no use for any body else to vote
fTM.- c..,.., uj .I.-tad' the entire Directory ! In the
-l-j- ru:-r.. mn informant Toice was raised a
ir IIISL Oi LUIS IUI1I
gainst such contempt of the feelmgs and opinions of
the two hundred individual stockholders who had u
nited with the State in a great peblio work, against
the injustice of taking to itself the whole control
And a call was emphatically made on the Stockhold
ers to puUa ibeir ballot, and let it be seen whom the
Stockholder were willing to entrust with the man
agement of their interests, ao that the responsibility
Writ rest noon tho proper ' quartern Thia appeal
T. S- I,uttFrloIi.
E. J. Hale,
S. C Bruce.
J. H. Cook,
A. A. McKethan
H. I. Myrover,
J. W. Fearce,
D. A. Kay, .
It wi'l thus be seen, that eighteen persons eacli
ceived more individual votes liian one of those ele
by the State : That fourteen persona received n.: re
votes than a third : That tlie gentleman wno t,l ..
od the largest Tote, (and who from his location t-i
!; pSnrater oilorht bv all means to have been in the
Board.) was excluded by the State ; and mie fipiu
who received only a little more ttau one-slxta as -.ria-ny
votes of -iirdiyidua's. . :
After .the' very unccremon.ieas' exit of trie T : i'r.
there wes no quorum left. NoiNing else ctult b
done. Our friend Mr. Banks was cut off, in the midst
ofh's speech, andmnst rest ccr.rontfd vsitii t!ie rifltc
'tion that he ik uadoubteJly .'entitled to the fio--r :H tne.
next annua! meeting ' Thero was no opporumty to
tender a vote of thanks to the Hon.. Chairman, who
diddeservo it, or to the State's prosy, whj diJ r.vt
S.vor ! other matters required attention, .but 'the
State did not stop to a.-k what ' else was nec-.a. y vi
A n mr-etinff of the citizens of Buncombe,
held in the Court House, on Monday, the
Tth inst., A. B. Chunn was called to the
Chair, and J. M. Edney appointed Sec-
N. . V ootltm -expiauieu me umcci ui
the meetinfr, in a clear, forcible and vigor
ous style, . advocating an amendment to. the
Constitution bv a Convention of the peo
ple therousrh their delegates. : and set foilh
the acts of the last Legislature in their true
colors ; as depriving and denying the peo-
pie their natural ngn-.s, auuMtuv. iu iu un
people the great importance of rising in their
strensth and asserting: their just rights,
which met apparently, the approbation of
a very large and respect able crowd cf gen
tlemen from every part, of the County.
Mr. Envin then rose nncl offered the
,llmvmcr rpc.nUHIOllS. V.illCl 11C SlippOneu
with a few earnest and eloquent remarks : :
Whereas, it is the undoubted right of
every free people to select their form of
Government, and make its Constitution
themselves, and whereas though this priv
ilege has 'been used by the other States
of the Union, A ct the people of North Car
olina have not as yet exercised this great
right, therefore . - ,
Resolved, That there ought to be a
Convention of tne people of the State for
the purpose of making such alterations in
the exisiing Cotistitntion as. in -their sovere-jc-iv
will thev deem right and proper.
Kesolved, That wiui a view of securing
this paramount oiirct we will wiiliout re
ference to former , party distinctions nomi
nate a candidate for the office of Governor,
and request him to canvass the entire State ;
placing his election on this issue in or.ler
The meeting adjourned in
AVhig and Deinocrats unitingr in
recollection of the rich scenes of
grr-at gfod niiiTir.
the laugh oi tV the
I,e tiav. . .
PUBLIC MEETING IN IlENDER
SONVILIiE. A meeting of the Freemen of Ilend-r-
o,-, fminiv wnq hrl: at the (..Olirt 110U3C
lli.c importance of
;!,-.t rnrle o-eneral A' rrjnv. be IttiiV en-
v....- r i o
lightened and arouses'. I to
tbtps movement .
Sciolved, That those v.ho favor a fre y
Convention, are the true Republican pnr.y'
-tl e pany of Equal Rights the par: y of
ti. TVnn!-!hf! thev are opooscd to n.on-
- . j j x . .
1-ii- itifinenre of-m
uuiuence cfthe .SVate in allegation c
rights, of the people; that th-y are op;
to lestricfions unpn the once expressive
nf ihe rieonic'and believe that that will
SOI! LOUlliV it 1R1U .u uiv " ; --- - . r : r .. , , , i
on Wednesdav the 2d of April , to take into j shouicl, when fuliy expressed ,r,c coca
consideration the propriety of amending the
State Constitution by the people, in t-on-'vention
On motion cf H. T. Farmer, Esq.,
Capt. Hugh J ohnston ' was -'.called to the
chair. On motion of Wra. Bryson, J. P;
Jordan r.nd i. S. Smnmey Aveie appointed
N. W. Wood fin j"Esq.,- being called cn.
explained the objects ef t;ie meetin
cnlvps "'.- tit
rreat iorce ana exiecw
II. T. Fanner Esq. offered the fallowing
Whereas"; The subject of Oon?titu-
tional Rcfortn, has, for some time pa t,- ag-
tated-.-the public mind througnout tne
Stnte. and whereas, the last General As
sembly Avas dividedbetween two modes of
amending the Constitution, -.-.viz : n ieg
islative. enactments, or by a free Conven
tion of the people ; and Avhereas, we be
lieve that a frequent reference to lunaamen
tal principles is absolutely necessary to
preserve tlie blessings of liberty, aud that
it is usual and proper that the w.ll of the
people should at all times ce freely express
ed in their primary meetings upon
yt rtt t tf rti i" i nfrp: . r)!
was succeeeful, and lare vote wits east..
questions ail ecung tneir lnieietis, uai. i. . j
especially, upon cue involving such ira-1
portant consequences as tne marmer oi
chansring their organic law. Therefore. J
Resolved, That, all political power ;s
A-estea m ana ctmea i.oui ui-
liranh-rrl Thnt'thP) Pr.OPLE OI this btate
oiidit to have the sole and exclusive ngn
of regulating the internal government an
KCSOU-CCf, mat AVC rcgai'l ail uiukuii-
ted ConA-ention of the peopie, as the oi-ny
proper and Republican melliod of amend
ing our Constitution. ;
Resolved, That Ave will not support any
man for the office of Governor, or any
other State office, Avho will not pledge him
self to advocate the call of a free and un
restricted ConA-ention. : ,
Resolved, That we heartily approve the
suggestion to hold a District Convention
at Morgantcn, on the 2d Monday in Au
gust next, arid that the Chairman of this
meeting be requested to appoint Uventy
delegates to represent this county in said
Mj. Eiwin, of Buncombe, acl-ocatcd
them in a speech of great force and ability.
Gen. J. G. Bynum, of Ruthertbrdton,
being called on, addressed the meeting in
an eloquent, and impressive style.
N. Coleman, Esq., of Buncombe, then
arose and opposed the resoiu.ions,
N. W. Woodfin replied in a Epecch of
great earnestness, severity, and force after
which, on motion of.
Dr. E. II. Jones, the resolutions A'cre
The Chairman appointed the following
gendemen as delegates under 5th resclu
lion : . - ' -.
II. T. Farmer ; James Bnttam ; I - K.
at;ii"v . n . R Miller : J. W. Killian ;
Jos. Maxwell ; Jas. Spami Jno. . lr
wm ; John Davis ; E. G. Foster ; E. K.
Jones ; John Baxter ; Wm. Bnttam ; J- S.
Summer ; L. S. Gash ; Alex. Henry ;
JameaPatton ; T. W. Taylor ; John Clay
ton : M.' Freeman. '
; - HUGH JOHNSON, Peest.
J. F. Jordan, Secretaries.
and tiierefcie, wc propose to des;gna.e our-
he Republican paity of Norta
Gen. Bnumwascnlled on but ttecnneu
speaking. " J . M . Edney made a feAV re
mark? and offered the followirigresolutions :
Ived, That the Chairman of this
meeting appoint a Committee of twenty
ftveto act as delegates to a Convention to
be held at 3Iorganton, some time during
Resolved, That the Chairman appoint a
Committee of Three to act in conjunction
with like Committees from other counties,
in fixiuir the time and place for a Western
Conversion to be held." These resolutions
were accepted as amendments to the origin
al resolutions and being put to the meeting
were unanimously adopted.
The Chairman appointed on the hrs
Committee, N. W. Woodfm, J. W. Wood-,
fin, M. Erwin,-Win.-Williams, J. M. Ed
nev, R. M. Henry, J. W. Tatton, M. Pat
torij J. B. Sawvers, J. Burgm, S. W.
Davidson. W. J. Brown, J. F. E. Hardy,
J. Bfank.G. W. Candler, Capt.i W. R-
iiiurrar. v. iuotre, jokimiu.
LoAvrv,F. M.Wilson, T
R. Baird, P. Roberts, W.
From the Charlotte Journal.
Concord, Apkii, G 1851 .
Mr. Editor; I havejustseen your paper
of the 2Gtli ult. in which 1 find" my name
proposed , as the Whig Candidate for Con.-,
gress from this District. i ,
Without flattering myself, that this dis
tinction Avould, in any event, be likeiy to
fall upon me,I tlunK the occasion appro
priate, to disclaim (injustice toothers whose
names have also been mentioned, i:i this
connection,) all desire, ca my part, cf being
considered an aspirant for that, or any eth
er public station .
We have many gentlemen in this Dis
trict, avIio have rendered better semce. and
made greater sacrifices inbehaif of the Whig
cause than myself. To them I readily
yield anv pretentions my friends Aisxy seem
desirous of claiming for me. Bull may
add, I trust, without doing violence to the
purpose of these lines, that I feel a deep
interest in tlie continued success of the
Whig Party. On the consen-ative princi
ples of the great masses of that pcrty, now
more than ever, depends tne salvation oi
the country. It is the only national party
that has been able to weather the storm and
preserve entire its unity and integrity.
The Democratic Party is sharing a. differ
ent fate. In Massachusetts, an open coali
tion has been formed with Frecsoilism. In
Virginia, they have declared for the Union.
While in Georgia Soutli Carolina Alaba
ma and Mississippi, the main Aving of tho
Party are going, body and soul, for Disun
ion," and are. thrusting out of their ranks
such men as Foote, Poinsett, Clemens,
Cobb and others, Avho yet hope to secure
th.- rights of the South, and preserve the
Union. Large sections of that Party have
ever discoA'ered a wonderful, and unfortu
nate proclivity for fraternizing with .that
restless spirit of discontent, abroad in the
land, and Avnicnmaniiesisuseii in meiu
ied forms, either of Disunion, Alxilkion,
Don ism, Free-soiiism , a thirst for war and
foreign invasions, agrafianism, radicalism
and Loco Focoism in general, j To all
these factions, and to all these dangerous,
discordant and destructive, elements tho
great body of the Whig party have ever
been, and" always will remain, deadly op
posed. A Whig administration in new,
at one a nd tiie same lime, successfully cp-
i posing the progress of Northern aggression ,
I and tempering the ador of Southern discon-
ln this Avoric tne rresident is encour-
d and sustained by many patriotic De
erats. North and South, Let the V'ti
of North Carolina ne-cr desert him With
Gov. Graham in the Cabinet, avc may rest
assured all is welL Let the 3rd District
do its whole duty. Let us unite upon her
Candidate go to the polls (opposition cr
not.) and vote otirfuH strength. For one,
sir, I shall not fail to give rny hearty co
operation, to whatever individual ma-be
selected as our standard bearer. j
Yonr ob't. serv't.
T. J. IIoltox, Esq.
L. Gaston, W .
II . Gammon, J.
And cn the second , N .
M. Erwin, J. M. Edney.
f-p ium tlovrn.
i an to attempt
r Tt -r... T..
X'.ORTH UAKOLINA M'IK'Ub uuun..
conversauon Avitn n. vvitev,
county, some days ago, we learned that he
had nearly completed the preparation of a
Reading book particularly adapted and in
tended for the Common Schools of North
Carolina. A considerable portion of the
book is devoted to the history of North Car
olina, written in a style which it is hoped
will enfrarc the attention of our youtli, fix
tho -great events of our annals upon their
memorv, and cause a pride in their native
State, (iv'uich their fathers have not chen.sh
ed as they ought) to grow with thoir growth
and strengthen with their, strength. .;t This is
a new antf certainly a commendable feature
in a school book in this country, and will
render the work peculiarly proper to be plac
ed in the hands of pupiis at a certain stage
of advancement. We have been under the
necessity of sending to the North for school
books, as well as for every thing else, long
enough, and therefore trust that Mr. H lley s
arrangements for publication may partially
relieve us from such necessity. There arc
many considerations why a school book
m-enarcd in the South will suit us better.
Keep Hiai Dcw.v. Ay, k
what business has the poor i
to rise, without a name, without friends,
without lionarable blood in his ve ins We
have knewnhim ever since he v.-ps a boy.
we knew bis father before him and h was
a mechanic, and vliat' merit can ther-3 be in
the voung stripling? Such is tho cry of the
world, when a man of sterling character at
tempts to break away from iha chords of
poverty and ignorance, and rise to a' posi
tion of truth and honor. The multitude are
excited by envy, they cannot endure; to be
outstripped by those who grew up with their
children siutby side, ami lience tha oppo
sition a man encounters in his native place.
Despite cf this feeling many noble inind.i
have risen front obscurity and lived .down
their opponents; but others have yielded to
discouragement, lived in obscurity, and died
nrifl maflfl no si.rn. Let it not l)Q--13 Wlttl
yon, young mnn.
startle the world.
Persevere, mourn up and
The Truth Wei l Expressfd.
There is much truth in the following brief
paragraph from the Petersburg Intelligen
cer: "Much of the opposition to the com
promise measures is attributable to the fact
that they have been sanctioned by a Whig
Administration. Had a Northern Demo
crat been in the position now occupied by
tvt- mimrp sndiriven his assent to the
Compromise Bills, many who now denounce
the Adjustment would', have been loud in
their praises of the Northern man who thus
manifested his southern feelings. We be
lieve this as firmly as we believe that ike
sun shines : and we. further believe that had
President Fillmore, instead of signing the
Compromise bills, placed bis veto upon
them; those who now so bitterly denounce
theTneasures, would as bitterly have denoun
ced Mr. Fillmore for , not giving, his assent
(o them." .;, ' ' ! '. '' .'. ' ..
Slander. -Let it be graven upon
memorv. that the ncron who repeats a
dor, even though he give the name of h:s au
thor, is no better, and fir more mischievous,
than its originator. lie endorses the lie hy
his repetition of it, and as, without his en
dorsement, it could never have gained cred
it, he is responsible for the mischcif by the
law of God and man. We would take a
spurious note far more readily from an hon
est than from a known counterfeit, and eve
ry additional hand it passes through j adds
to the deception. Besides slander i s inorn
accumulative than a snow-ball. It irf like a
salad, which every ot;o will season to his
own taste, or the taste of those to whom ?f
oilers it; or like the kite of a child, to wl ich
additional pxaggarationn cr.'1 attached, ;.adt
light in itself, but together forming a coiiu
tebalaficing 'weight, without which the airy
trifle would fill again to the earth, when,
with eager speed, he run3' to make it soar
aloP. '; - - -; i - -
A Deffixition-. -"I say, you Pete,
AA-ill you hab de graciousness as "to jes open
yourHnderstandin' box, , and gib me do.
definition ob de big word ' lelk-ltcrsV
"Sartain, Cato I wont do nuirin eI;;C.
Defac am, you unlettered colored man,
dere be one, two, free turpritashums to ilat
donbie anJ twistificated Avoid. De fust
stgnumfies ie 'scriptions on de eight Leil.s
at de Norf cend church. Den dare am tb
letters dat Ave fashionable genii 'm send tiv
our ladies. Finally, de 1-tbry stable folks,
Aven dsy lets out de sleigh bells, am ; cnJIi-d
bell-le!ters ! Am dare"any ting eise dat. I
can do to enlighten your dark, thick, an
obtuse coca-nut y dis mo.rnin ' , Cato ?' . -"
" Boston Post