North Carolina Newspapers

    A WHlfcJOURNAI:' DEVOTED TO POLITICS, GXLIIAL NEVS, AND TO CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS.
VOL. IV.
l T .Jim
Raleigh, Friday; may ig, i85i."
,.-,, NO. 25.
THE TIMES.
CHARLES C; RABOTEAIT ,; ;
.' - I.OITOR AND PROPRIETOR. "
TERMS.
Two Dollars per annum in advance.
Two Dollars and Fifty Cents if not paid
within six months. , '.V
i - Three Dollars if payment is delayed to
the end of the subscription year. - -
jtf To Clubs,' we will send Six Copies
for Ten Dollars, , and Twelve Copies for
Eighteen Dollars,' when the money accom
panies the order.
POETRY.
A LAY OF LOVE. -by
o. rmEsncE.
: ' . Yet once again I've seeu thee,
And my e Very thought is thine,
Ay, I keel to the in worship '
As to an Idol shrine.
In my spirit's silence chambers, .
" ' " Where hope may never he,
One lonely light is burning
Tis a holy love of thee. '
I see thee oh, I see thee
In the shadows on the river,
I see thee in the moon's sweet beams
That ou'the bright lake quiver ;
I see thee in the mists that move.
IJke sceptres o'crthe stream?,
And at midnigiit Jeep I see thee '
In the shadowy world of dreams.
I see thee oh, I seo the
In die gentle flowers of spring,
And in the tint the rainbow vears
Upon its fleeting wing ;
I see thco in the sunset hues
That gush along the west,
And I see thee in the dew-drop "
That cms the rose's breast.
I hear thee oh, I hear thee
In the murmuring of the waves
' And in the sft and twilight gush s
.Of fountain from their caves ; ' :
SEcrT hear thy voice's music
In each song that wonders by
In the cadence of the night bird,
And the wind's misterious sigh.
I hear thee oh, 1 hear thee
In the chime of evening bellF,
And in the tone that o'er the d-ep , ; ,
- At solemn twitigfct swells ; - 1
I hear thee in the forest lyres -: -'
Swept by the breath of even,
And in the low, deep spirit-voice x
That tells the soul o; Heaven.
I love thee oh, I love thee---
Thou art in the darkest hour
To my soul a star, a fount, a bird,
A music tone, a flower !
I love thee, and thy dear thought thrills
Each fibre of my Trame,
. V Like Heaven's own lightning, and my heart
' i ' In each throbs calls my name. , .
I love thee oh, I love thee, .
And I would these words were bon.e
To thee on every holy breeze
. " Of even-tide and Hiora $ ... -.
I love thee, and I would these words
Were written on the sky,'
And on e-tch star and flower aud leaf ;
" That greet thy gentle ye.
MISCELL'ANEOUS:
THE PICTURE GALLERY.
FROM THE 3. Y
JOURNAL OF COMMERCE
Near the veritable portrait of the peevish
gentleman last t noticed,- hangs a faney
sketch; which is none the less true to na
ture It was painted by a promising young
urusi, wuu gaiucicu IW uiiucuiua uuuuj u
late excursion into the country; and it has
but recently been admitted to occupy its
present position." Itis called 'The Strike,
and illustrates a 6cene which in these day
' is more striking Chan novel ; and whicfi
despite the gay humor in which the painter
has portrayed it, is pregnant with iostruc-
: irm ... The sstorv isa brief one. A manor
some genius, whose want of sound princi
i pies nd correct judgment liad neutralized
1 the " influence which 'he might otherwise
have exerted, had become thoroughly dis
gusted with the order of things which; kept
him at the foot of the hill he was so ambi
tious of climbing, and had assumed trie
s vocation of a reformer He became fully
i mpressed with the belief that nothing would
' save the world but turning it upside down,
t-nnd he therefore applied himself vigorously,
to sap the foundations of social order.' His
first aim was to make one discontented with
his present lot, and in this-such is human
nature he was eminently successful, par
Ucularly among tlie poorer' classes. The
.' next step was to induce all the restless and
' discontented to join him in the task of up
heaving every tiling friendly to stability and
! orders In this labor, too he had many
, par'tl-Tns ar.i adlierents. " A few of these
.auxiliaries really believed in the possibility
of vivcr-l, physicrJ;'tr.d social equality 5
tLo ret kii.w Letter, 1 ' joLcJ llie dis-
'or0..-l- j t-JiiUe wkh the determination,
that when the overturn was accomplished .
they would secure a place at the top, here
they might look down' upon thoseiwhom
they now both envied arid haled for their
elevation. ,i ! ikz-.j, .a . ....'.-!(.
Unwilling to hide his light under a bush
el, 1 our reformer ' travel led , froni , place to
place, sowing broadcast as he went the
seeds of discontent, whose germiriatiou led
tonuch eora travail and bitter, fruit'Iri
the course of his peregrinations he came to
a country .vilhige inhabited chiefly by on
agricultural people a field which . promis
ed at first sght but little success to his la
bors! -But human nature is the same eye
ry where, and the preacher of - discontent
will always find an audience.' Itis so flat
tering to our pride or so grateful: to our
mortified feelings I to be assured that all our
disappointments or failures in life are ow
ing, not to our indolence or imbecility, but
to the tyranny of the social system; which
keeps us out of our proper position; .t
The principal iemployecs in ie plaJc
were nailk-maids, or dairy-women, who
were in the service of the larger farmers,
engaged in making butter and cheese; ior
which the village liad quite a . favorable
reputation. Having" stirred up the minds
of tliese damsels to the proper pitch, he
called a public meeting for a rcqreseion of
The village school house was the place
of assembling: and the 'tallow dips, sus
pended from the tin reflectors about the
room, threw a flickering, ghostly light over
the faces of the audience. ' . Mingled with
the group of females, were a few of ' the
sturdier sex; and quite a number of ragged
Urchins and overgrown boys. riie re
former, who was surprised at the number
in altendar.ee, felt an unusual inspiration
of genius, and made- one of his happiest
addresses;. -J.; ;:';:; S'Z'l'-'i ' "
Ie-comruncdV-'Pcllowcitii4rui
gentle friends, I come among you for'your
good, fhem ! to ."assist 'you in eradicating
or ameliorating an evil under which you
have long suflcrcd, until forbearance ceas
es to be a vhtue. i Monopolj'of all kinds
is odious, "bt jievcf appears more se than
when it drives hose , who have beaei bora
with all the privileges of freemen to serve
taskmasters and oppressors tit is true tks
law of man may feanetion your submission;
but the laws of nature cry out against it'. -Where
is the law of nature which requires
of you, my,; fair countrywomen , that you
should milk : another, person's ' cows J
"What, except the tyranny f etatutca of
human inveridon,; prevents . each of you
from having a cow of your own, and drink
ing your milk under your own vina and
fig tree!'. From my heart I pity your
wasting toil here' the speaker drew forth
his bandanna compelled as you are to
rise early, to lalwr ; beneath the mid-day
sun, to eat the bread of carefulness and
all for what? Why, thaf your cruel task
masters may riot in butter, and accumu
late cheeses upou his groaning ehelves
Faint sobs and clieers.J " Who' has a
right tc the soil which-hcrc surrounds you ?
Voice from the crowd "those who have
earnt the moo ey and ; bought it f !" , No !
my friend, a thousand times, no 1 l&oncjr
has no right to buy and own the soil. Im
bor alone is entitled to it. He, -before
whose swinging axe the ; forest disappears
has a right to the land he has cleared .lie,
who sows the seed, is alone entitled to reap
the harvest. And she who milks the cow"
"Is entitled, both to the; cow, and. the
butter, I spose J" said an old farmer who
sat near the speaker. . -. .--t-; rA-it-t J4 f'
This interruption caused some little dis
turbance, but the old gentleman having
immediately started foi hoinc; the speaker
went on." - - . . y ,
"My friends,'you. see the temper of
these tyrants, whom you have served, alas !
too faithfully '; but the day of jour deliv
erance draws-near.-. You have the power
in your own hands ; combine? together for
mutual , support, and dictate , yonr own
terms. . Taking the question in the abstr
act, jr6u are entided" to the ' ownership of
all the property upon which you labor j
and Jiave a , natiual right to seize, each of
you, a cow, and set up a dairy on your
own accountJ''dut' you .caniiot, .perhaps,
secure the whole of your rights at once.
Tyrant customs have rendered the race so
servile tl tat, we must wait 3 fw days; for
'ike good time coming be'fore'the millen
nium of social e jiiulity will be i'.'.'ty estab
lished But pne thing you can' do"at once:
determine -'thW yu will work far 'tliese har
pies only on such term3 that f,l the profit
of your employment 'shall accrue to your
selves. Demand greater privileges '; raise
tLo standard tf wccs" - 1 . " "I '-'
r: Here a squea:-.ing dc?,.'
bo f;cm c feayila ci cni tf ihe rear
chrs, called out,' " What if they won't
it-3 ' .
ve
jThey cannot help but give it! .'Can
their cows ".go long without milking 1 or
the .cream without churning ? Let the
pans remain unfilled, or die "nulk curdle
unskimmed ; then shall your employers
learn that they alone arc in the position of
dependants ; and that labor, when it rises
in its strength, is mighty as truth, and
must prevail !"
The speaker sat down covered with glo
ry, ; ine audience were carrica away ny
his eloquence, and the milk maids scarce
ly felt the wrongs which he had so vividly
pictured,4 in their joy at the propped of
such speedy deliverance." 'The 'younger
ones already Degan to picture tneir mumpas
when' adorned with the neV ribands to be
purchased withjtheir increased wages ; and
to enjoy hi prospect the long intervals of
leisure, now to be secured to tltem. I hey
would noloitgcr be obliged to steal a few
minutes at twilight, for a sly meeting with
a faithful swain, but would be able to
choose their own hour3 for this sweet pas-
tiTre. v - :: ;- ' ' - , ;--
t)elermined to strike while the iron was
heft, the reformer moVed that a bill 'of
rights be immediately agreed upon, to
wm'ch the empIo3crs should be compelled
to give their assent. The motion prevail
ing, he (Srewfrom his pocket a paper which
to save time, he had previously prepared,
and which read as follows : '
" Whereas it is die inalienable right of
every woman engaged in a laborious occu
pariun to have all the comforts which she
requires ; and whereas-, the better to secure
these comforts, and toadd to them such
luxuries as shall befit the station she ought
to occupy, it is necessary that there should
be uuion of effort among all engaged in
the same description of toil :
Therefore
"Re'solvcd, That the following rules and
regulations shall be insisted on and firmly
maintained, until ,the good time coming
shall do away entirely with such a thing
as service, and render obsolete the very
name of employer. '
"1 Every oulk-maid, who shall labor
within Ihe Irmits of Time set forth'below
shall be flntitlcd to receive ah addition pf
ten per cent, to the sum now paid for such
service and shall have a lien . upon the
butter and cheese produced, as long as her
wages remain unpaid. i
"2. .The hours of service shall extend
from a suitable time after sunrise, to such
time aLor before suiisct as ; the operative
may select, wim a projer intermission for
recreation and intellectual improvement.
"2., No milk-maid shall be required to
so more than ttfn rods froni the most acces
sible door of th house to reach the scene
of her labors ; and when the dew is on the
ground ach shall be furnished with over
shoes at the expense of the employer. 3
, No employer shall keep more than
three cows fur each person employed, or
make other than equal proportions of butter
and chee. ;--. . - :
'. "5. Every milk-maid shall; have the
liljerty of receiving such suitors as shall pre
sent themselves for her acceptance, ana the
parlor ?hali be given up for her sole use as
sobn as if appears probable that her lover
wjll proKke. , . ! ;, -- - ,.
i". A1I persons arc forbid workinsr for
any employer ,who will not adopt these
rules, and any one who attempts it shall be
persecuted as long as she livcs.' 1
, These resolutions were passed nem con. ,
although : many of the sensible- (and there
fore lha more : bashful) girls present at the
meeting" saw -that they -were impracticable,
and, if, adhered to, would lead to nothing
but mischief. Still no one liked to be point
ed at an on the side of oppression", and so
bo voice ,wa raised in opposition.
' ; "The next day all the milk-maids of the
place were o a ,"strike,'ftnd the whole
town was in a ferment.1 Thescene iti the
pict ure which I arn noticing - occur? ed at a
large farm house, where all the' Assembled
girls were demanding of the bwer Im consent
to their 'billa of righta." '
"I'll tell Voij what chWI said the old
farmer, "I've lived,hcrc, boy and man, for
nigh fiity years, and have always made my
own bai gains, and never had a word of diff
culty with my help unless some body else
intencred. Some women-folks arc worth
more t&an otiiers, and them as earns good
wages tl a ays gets it. I've had ilve or six
gir? j marked from here,and tliey 've all turn
ed c'it well.; , Sometimes one had got un
easy rind left,-bvi s'ach kliid 'nevef did well
any where. If any of you are thort of'plo-;
'my for r ew'drei.'S,r' tlhk yoti ain't paid
cncr.--li'wl:y coaie' ti '1:: 1 in a ;-;::t way,
fepA I'iidouLat'a 'reacor.a.,!.2. Cut as to
co;ifc-rrr.:ng ta your regulation.?, nnd billow-,
i - vnt to nsrre c" vci-.r c ,rn v, ay taint
j bestfor-nctiher rf vs, hid JT&l-.-.'' do it!
Now get n;T your Sunday frocks,, and go
to work, or pack up j-our duds and try
some other place. 1 shau't go 'down on
my knees to have you stay ! The old wo
man 'and 1, with the boys, can keep the
churns a-going, and we ain't so closely cor
nered as you think !"
All of the choicest hands stayed ; a f?w
others left, and soon applied to come back,
but their places were filled by new comers.
The'old farmer's steady employment, kind
treatment, and ready pay, were, too well
known not to call out those who appreciate
die advantages of such a situation. " Over
tlie history of some who left let charity draw
a veil ; they had fallen under evil influen
ces, and were led on to their rurh..
1 would mat all wbo have a ieal for the
kind of reformation here alluded to would
pause ere they begin their work, and ask
themselves seriously what they hope to ac
complish. s But experience shows us that
few will heed any kind of warning it is
so much caster to provoke a community
to discontent "and recklessness, than to
incite them to a patient continuance in
well loinr.
INTERESTING EXPERIMENT.
There would seem after all to bo a deal
of amusement in being h ung if we can
believe in the ' result of an experiment re
cendy tried in France. The Chattillon
nais, a paper -published;- we believe, at
Dijon, has the following account :
- "A short time since three young men of
Mouliot, Department of tne . Coted'Or,
were chatting together ; one of them re
marked he had heard that hanging produc
ed most agreeable sensations, and that he
Should like to try it. A rope wasaccord-
irisriv put rouiid his neck, and he was
hauled up to die beam in a bain and left
hanging for a few moments, vhen let
down he fell heavily to the ground as if
dead. The two young men, although
dreadfully alarmed, employed friction, and
at last restored him to life. - . Instead of be-
insr reproached, as they had expected, they
.were surprised to hear the man com
plain that they aroused him' from a slum
ber in which he had had the most delicious
dreams. lie wished to recommence the
operation, biit they prudently declined be
ing a party to it a second time."
- BOYS.
Thf Olivf Bunch gives, the follovvins exct-llpnt ex
position of that queer and inexplicable crcatiou a
V' - - -'. - ;. : : .
A hoy is tht; spirit of mischief embodied
a perfect teetotum, spinning round like
jenny or tumbling ' heels over head. He
must invariably go through the process of
leaping over every chair in his reach, makes
drumheads of . the doors, turns the tin pans
into cimbals, takes the best knives to dig
worms for bait and looses them, hunts up
the molasses cask and leaves the molasses
running, is boon companion to 1 the sugar
barref, searches up all the pie and preserves
left after supper and eats them, goes, to the
apples every ten minutes,- hides, his old cap
in order to wear his best one, cuts his boots
accidentally if he wants a new pair, tears
his clothes for fun, jumps into the puddles
for fun, and for ditto tracks your carpets and
cuts yonr furniture. He is romping, shout
ing, blustering, and inall but his best es
tate a terrible tortrient, especially to his sis
ters. He don't pretend to much until he, ia
twelve, then the rage for frock coats - and
hih dickies commences. At fourteen he
is loo big to split wood or go after -water,
and it these interesting offices ought to be
performed, contrives to be invisible, wheth
whether concealed in "the garret with some
old worm-eaten novel for his companion,
ensconced in the woodshed tryin to learn
legerdemain tricjksj or bound off to some
expedition that turns but to be in most cas
es more deplorable than explorable, to coin
a word ; at fifteen he has tolerable experi
ence of the wdrloV but frohi fifteen tcr twen
ty, may we be clear from the track when he
is in sight ; he knows more than Washing
ton and Benjarrtin Franklin together; in a
word he knows taorethan he ever will know
again. , ' '
Just hail one of tliese J oung specimens
'boy," at sixteeh, and how wrathy he gets !
If he does not answer you precisely as the
little urchin did who. angrily exclahrTed,
"don't call me boy, I've smoked these two
years," he will give you a withering look
that is meant to annihilate you, turn on his
heel, and "with a curl on his lip mutter dis
daiufullyi "who do you call boy ?" and O !
the emphasis. ' ; '" - v - -
;; But, jesting aside an honest, blunt, mer
ry, mischievous boy is something to be
proud of, whether as brother or son; for . in
all his scrapes his good heart gets the bet
ter of him, and leads him soon to' repent
ancev and be sure he will rcinenber his fault,
at least ha minutes. . : A ' ; ..
IIeceifk coaMAKixr; Beeb, To make
the best beer in the worldtake one pint of
corn and boil it until it is a little soft, add
to it one pint of Eiolasscs and one gallon
of water ; shake th6m" well together, and
get.it by the fice and'iii twenty-four hours,
the beer will be excellent'. ,When all the
beer -in -the jug ia usedj just add1 more mo
lasses and water. The same corn wilt an
swer for six mmths, aud the beer will be
fit for use in twelve hours, by keeping the
ju5.which; contains it warm. In.tlie ab
sence of molasses, surgar or honey will
answer in its place. In this way, the whole
iccredients used in making ai gallon of beer,
wiil not cost cxeceding four cents, and it
is better, and more wholesome than cider.
Paulding (Miss.) Clarion.
FROM OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT.
i London, April 24, 1851.
Another week of good spnng weather
and of great calmness and quietness m
political and social affairs has passed over.
Nature is rapidly assuming her gay dres
of bud and blossom under the influence of
the former, and the busy streets of our
crowded metropolis echo to the varied
sounds of business, and are filled with rapidly-moving
streams of human beings, im
jielled on their course by the call of com
mercial intercourse; the pursuit of amuse
ment, or the duties of social life. Public
life is quiet ; private life is left to; the en
joyment of its private joys, or to the endur
ance of its private griefs,' linintruded upon
by any thing of an external nature. The
Great ibxhibition is the subject of general
conversation a'nd anticipation ; our streets
daily assume.am increasing mixture of for
eigners of every hue and costume ; and
the company which we daily meet in our 1
coffee-house speak an increasing jargon of
languages and dialects. .Qur country
hedgeroivs are lively with -jlie verdure of
spring and the melody of .birds';, and our
city streets are clean, and shop tronts
bright with plate-glass windows and choice
and costly wares. Painters and renova
tors of every description have been busy
causing, the houses tck assume a holyday
appearance, and the great city and her far
reaching suburbs seem fully prepared to
receive and welcome -the mighty streams
of visiters which are expected to flow into
them during-the next four or five irjtonths.
The French papers state that 210,000
passports have been issued in Prance for
citizens of that country to visit 1 ondon at
the Exhibition, and principally to jwrsons
of small independent incomes.' Paris does
not furnish a fair proportion of this number,
but it is supposed that that city will event
ually funaish no fewer thaii 100,000 vis
iters. -. . ,
Contrary to the understanding of last
week, and very much to the satisfaction
of the public, her Majesty has signified her
desire that such arrangements connected
with the opening of th'e Great Exhibition
should be made as w(ill permit as largo a
portion of the public as ossiblc to be pres
ent at the opening ceremony. At present
it is understood that the holders of season
tickets and all the exhibitors will be admit
ted ; the whole of the .visiters to be intro
duced and arranged on scats previous to
the entrance of her Majesty and puite,rhus
enabling the tattef to mov0 freely along
without interruption ors pressure.' ' The
Sovereign will thus inaugurate the World's
Fair in the presence of the most fitting del
egates from the nations of the tprld, as
well as of a Gratified number of,, her .. own
subjects. We believe that tbie 1 idea of
greatly limiting the number present at the
opening, and thus giving it the character
of a private visit of royalty, did not origi
nate with cither the Queen or the Prince,
but from the ill-founded fears of those on
whom rest the responsibility of preventing
confusion and inconvenience. English
police authorities are accustomed to mar
shal or manage large crowds, and .large
crowds of Englishmen are habituated to
act as, their own police, which however
efficient, is at times of a rather rough char
acter. , Besides, Jonx UrixiS apt to think
that he cannot see an object unleSs lie is
near it, or to understand it unless he" touch
es it ; and hence arises the imjiiilse to
crowd upon a procession or a jtfubHti per
sonage, so as to in'terrupt the oncor to per
sonally inconvenience the other. We hope
we shall not be charged with libelling our
fair countrywomen when we say that they
are quite as mucli actuated by tliis impulse,
perhaps a. litdc more so, tlian the other
sex. At all events, the habit is so gener
ally acknowledged, that one of bur morn
ing journals jokingly proposed that every
impulsive Englishman adinltled to the in
auguration should be placed between two
civilized foreigners. However, the audi
ence being seated before the royal proces
sion enters, and a sufficient police being in
attendance to cause them to remain seated,
will prevent all inconvenience and inter
ruption ; and thus ends this great affair,
which had really, from the public disap
pointment, began to assume an appearance
of impotunce, and to cast a cloud over the
commencement of this Industrial Festival.
Whilst upon the subject, we may add that
the building and the 'internal arrangements
of the goods begin to assume an appearance
of completeness wbich is highly satisfactory.
The American department is progressing
very sjapidly, under the direction of the
commissioner and his numerous assistants ;
and, thbngh the United States will not in
the articles exhibited complete with the
splendor of many of the European depart
ment, they will abundantly show that in
all the departments of .ingenuity and indust
ry by which the great interests of human
progress and happiness are promoted, and
m the possession of the raw materials upon
which human ingenuity and industry can
be most profitably exerted, ihey are. second
to no people on earth. We haye seen a
list of the American goods to be exhibited,
and do not perceive that Boston or Mas
sachusetts in general furnishes the fairquoto
of articles. How is this ? That productive
and capable portion of the Union cannot
be indiuerent to the occasion. Is it possi
ble that, (lie contribution from that section
has not yet arrived.- For the United States
to exhibit heT', capabilities and ' skill with
out the aid bf Boston, would be neoily as
bad as playing Hamlet without the Prince
nf Denmark being personated a' tiding we
have heard of, but never paid the penalty
of witnessing. The goods received up to
Saturday last from foreign countries a-
mountcd .to 8,938 packages, and 1,14
from the colonies. ' The United States fur
nished 878 pf the former ; Belgium 1,039 ,
France 1,913,; Austria 631 ; Prussia 1a059;
the remainder of Germany G53 ; Italv
2ir ; Holland 22. ; Portugal 10. ; Russia
250 ; Spain 228 ; Swiizerh.nd 152 ; Egypt
41 ; and Tunis 202. -Only two packnges
bave yet. arrived from Turkey, and one
from Persia. The delay in the arrival of
the steamer from X'oiititantinople for Chi
na sends 231 packages, and '.Hong Kong
18 ; India 436 ; Australia and the neigh
boring colonies48l ; Africn. and the Cnpe
of Good Hcpe 45 ; and Malta 49. Perr
haps your readers will think we are intru
ding too much upon their" time and your
columns with those details ; but such is the
happy dearth of great public events, and
such is the interest excited here by this ap
proaching festival, (bat there is little else
to furnish materials Air our weekly converse
with our American friends and fellow-citizens.
Parliament will soon re-as'semble
after the holy-days, arid no doubt its pro
ceedings w ill supply the '"plentiful lack"
of news which, we feel at present. .
OuV theatrcal and literary news of no
week will be', in a grea't ni'easurc', blcn'ued
in, one ann'o'uncemenl.; tlint of the estab
lishment of tlie ; " Guild of Literature and
Art," under 'the parentage of Sir E. Bll
wek Lyttletox and Mr, Uiiarles
Dickens. The inuaguration of this in-
stiptlion Will take place on the 1 nth of
May, by the performance, at Devonshire
House, ' of a new 'comedy by Sir E. B.
Lytton,. cAtti "Ndt'so bud as ire seen, or
many 'sides rib 'h character." The per
formers will be Messrs, Dickens, Jerroid,
Limpn, Forsler', Marston, Charles Knight,
Frank Stone, Perier Cunningham, and
other authors of the day. Her Majesty
and Prince Albert will form part of the au
dience, and the price of admission is to le
fiv.e guineas. )i her performances, at a
smaller.! charge, will follow ; and the mo
ney raised is to In; expended in the estab
lishment of "anew Endowment in con
nexion, with an Insurance Company for
the benefit of Artists and Men of Letters.'.'
The endowments are to consist or n wan
den, with a house and a salary, of $200 per
annual ;. of ,mpmb'ers with wa house ami
$170 a year.; and.bif associates with -10O
u yfcar.- . For these officers all who insure
ill the society are qualified as candidates!
The members, will be required to give three
lectures every year, and the ivarden one..
Sir E. B. Lyttort has given the ground for
fhe necessary, buildings ,the dramatic re
resentations ,ar,e expected to furnish ade
quate funds,for thqir erection, and annual
subscriptions will,jt.i? hoppd, support the
endowment. The prospectus issued gives
all the details of die project, and great con
fidence is expressed that: its - benevolent
suggestors will be enabled to reajize their
wishes. In the words of this prospectus,
we venture to express the hope ' 'that the
day at least has come when civilization
shall no longer forget the civihzeis ; and
when soine earnest attempt shall be made
to free our age and nation from the charge
of Callous and ungrateful indifference
through life to Utose who, after death are
revered as the luminaries of time, and
ranked among the loftiest nobility of a
land." Nat Int.
IMPORTANT DISCOVERY IN AFBICA-
TRANSLATED
FROM THE COURRIER DU
HARVE.
A Hungarian savant, M. Gaysa, who is
now travelling m the interior of Western
Africa, has sent a communication to the
Imperial Society of Vienna containing in
formation of great interest. He has found
among the Kommenis, a small tribe tributa
ry to the kingdom of Oulli, in Senegambia,
traces of Jaques Compagnon, a French trav.
eller, charged by M.-de Choiseul toward
the middle of tlie last ccntur with a voyage
of exploration iotr the interior of Africa,
who disappeared iu 1760, and was after
wards heiird from.
Wishing to complete the discoveries
made by his brother some years before, Jac
ques Compagnon left Senegal toward the
end of the year 1758, and, after visiting all
the tribes to tlie northward and eastward of
Senegambia, he penetrated as far as the
desert of Simboni, a very curious point for
geographic science. Nothing was heard of
him after March, 1760, and all the research
es of tlie Government of the French post of
St. Louis proved utterly fruitless.
The Kommenis arc a partially civilized
people. They have notions of religion which
resemble Christianity, and : are not entirely
ignorant of the arts and sciencs.' They"
have a language, an alpabet, and the art of
writing, M. Gaysa has discovered in one
of their principal villages a small stone,
monument of conic shape, covered with
numerous inscriptions in lectters resembling
hicrogliphic characters. ., .., ,
After having studied this curious construc
tion, and after interrogating the .oldest in
habitants of the country aud Jcani,ing tha
popular tradition, he becamg convinced that,
thjs monument is e.ected over the grave of
Jacques Compagnon, who, being made cap
tive by the Kommenis, instructed tut !; in
the principles of all the useful arts, and
died about the year 1775,, leaving among:
them the venerated reputation of u sagf
and a good genius. But the conviciton of
M. Gaysa was turned into certainty wjieii1
the chief of the tribe, showed Lira vanou
articles of - European" maiufactu.rer which
have been handed down fi cm futhcr to son,'
and wijich they are umvilliiig to jart with'
atf any price.' AiiHj th ; be saw a qaad
raut.'on Which was crraved the-, nairie of
Jaques Compaction
- JI.' Gaysa, who is a great travrMor, de
signs to continue his exploration in AHca
for manv vears. A". V. Cow. .(.
    

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