North Carolina Newspapers

    GIVE ME THE LIBERTY TO KNOW, TO UTTER, AND TO ARGUE FREELY; ACCORDING! TO CONSCIENCE, ABOVE ALE OTHER LIBERTIES. -Miltox.
! NEW SERIES.
VOL. Y. NO. IV.
' 1 n
' R. I. V YNtfE, Publisher.
- C. C ftABOTEAU, Editor.
raleigh
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POST OFFICE.
BEAUTIES OF DEMOCRACY.
From the Speech of Mr. George T. Da
vis of Massachusetts, delivered in the Home
of Representatives on the 23d ult. the
Mexican Indemnity Bill being under con
sideration we make an extract or two.
?He is replying to Mr. Allen (free soil dem
'ocrat,) from the same State; and after de
fending Mr. Webster, who had been bit
terly assailed by the coalitionists, he gives
a fair history of the disreputable bargain be
tween the Democrats, and Free soilers, by
which die offices were divided up among
them, and the Whig State of Massachu
setts defrauded. The details are quite
rich.- ;
My colleague is particularly earnest upon
the subject of coruption. He expresses
extreme fear of corruption. Now, there
is a particular piece of corruption as, I con
sider it, occurring in our own State, before
his own eyes I might say occurring "at
his own instigation tltat 1 think his tal
ents and force might be more profitably di
rected against, than in hunting up these
trumpery charges against the Secretary of
State. Now, what arc the facts? There
are three parties in Massachusetts, and I
mean to bring this matter close home, so
far as Mr. W ebster is concerned. There
is the Democratic party, which in terms,
in its resolves, endorses those measures
known as the Compromise measures.
There is the Freesoil party, which is susr
tained and kept up by hatred to the com
promise measures, including the Fugitive
Slave Law. There is the Whig party,
-which I take it, by their State resolves,
without taking perfectly distinct eround
upon the compromise measures, still take
perfectly distinct ground in sustaining Mr.
Webster. What are the numbers of these
parties? The number of Whig Voters is
64,000; number of the Democratic voters
is-43,000; the number of the Freesoil 28,
000; leaving the Whigs a plurality, which
anywhere else would be a majority of 21,-
000 votes. Of that vast majority of Whigs
and Democrats, you have 100,000 voters
against 28,000; one part of whom sustain
the Compromise measures which Mr. Web
ster advocated ,and the other part of whom,
judging by their vote in their State Con--veniion,
sustain Mr. Webster, making, as
1 said before- 100,000 against 28,000.
'That was the case last year. Something
like that was the case t'le year before. Well
-what was the result, and what has hap
pened in that State? Here were two par
ties, the Democratic and Freesoil party,
directly opposed to each other upon a
ground which was vital to the existence of
the Freesoil party, and which was a most
cardinal point in the creed of the Demo
cratic rartv. Those parties met together
.and made a bargain. The Freesoil party
united with the Democratic party,
and
-sent to the Senate of the United States the
most talented and eloquent man who could
he presented from the Freesoil ranks; my
-colleague (Mr. Allen.) always excepted.
Laughter. For whom were the Demo
crats in Massachusetts -who were in favor
of the war with Mexico called upon to
vote? For a gentleman who said, when
3Ir. Winthrop voted for the preamble and
bill giving supplies to our troops in Mexi
co, that Mr. Winthrop ought rather to al
low our army to pass between the
dine forks." Now I am iot much of a
Latin scholar, tut' I understand that the
Caudine forks do not differ materially from
the Alamo' butchery ; and that the Caudine
rfqi&a in that connexion meant that Mr.
i Winthrop fchould have Jeft the American
i throat to the tender mercies of the Mexican
. . knife.
in, Tn,-n-f-rr(i-. nnrtv are In favor of
. non-intervention as regards slavery m tne
Jtnfi or Territories. They were called
upon to send to the U. States Senate for
six years a gentleman who was in iavor of
;niiimn nnvwhere. or at least up to
the verse of the Constitution. They send
th Srnaie of the United States a gen
ilcmnn who declared, in a speech to be
found in one of his printed volumes, that
then were deDths of infamy as well as
heights of fame; that President Fillmore
had sounded the former, and that he had
better never have been born than to have
Fiioitive Slave Bill, w nat m-
duced the Democratic party to do this ?
What. I sav, induced the Democrats to ao
this? ; What was it? Why and how were
the offices of the State put up like mutton
and beef in the shambles? I will tell you
how. The leaders of the two parties met
in repeated caucuses; as an ultimate result
six Councillors, the Governor, Lieutenant
Governor, and so forth, were given to the
He three Councillors, the
; United Km f M .nator. and Sergeant-at
' Arms, and some other mall? weight officers
; went to the Freesoi'i narty. Tne Io par
. .. ties hisrsled and rhnftwn .1" ""
and
. mohl hv niorhf - ; I J J
uy nigni, in long and hea'ed
i w . . .
feach be-in. the other to clne
"P to the
price of its puffed and advertised conscience
and patriotism I Jr-unea, i say aaverns
ed, I say, as thoroughly as ever were Phil
lip's fire annihilate or Emmerson's razor
strops. I will do them the justice, howev
er, and I feel bound to say, that there was
no trickery in one respect there was as
perfect an impartiality of treachery to prin
ciple on either side as carjr oe expeciea
from the weaknesses and imperfection of
mortality. Snch a scene was never be
fore exhibited or dreamed of in this coun
try as was exhibited in old Massachusetts.
The leaders of two whole parties bought
un bv one wide, wild; wastinc sweep of
the offices of the Commonwealth.
I want to hear what the gentleman will
say about this great crime against our in
stitutions, this wholesale corruption, this
monstrous I had almost said this inexpli
cable falsehood to conscience and to God,
to the rftart of man, and to the nature of
things? AVhere was the gentleman then?
Where was he? Was he attempting to
prevent corruption then? Quite the re
verse. 1 understand that he instigated it;
that he favors it ; that he thinks it was rignt.
Better that he should go home and endea
vor to undo the mischief that he helped to
do there than come here and assail Mr.
Webster.
Now, nobody at a distance from Massa
chusetts could explain by the aid of the
reason which God has given him precise
ly how it was that two parties, that occu
pied such exactly opposite grounds upon
the Compromise question could be brought
up to the mark the one to help to send
to the Senate of the United States, for six
years, a man who would during that long
period profess and enforce with his whole
power, doctrines which they regarded as
denationalizing and disorganizing; and the
other to lend its influence to put into pow
er in the State offices of the Common
weallh of Massachusetts a set of men utter
ly and entirely opposed to them in all those
points which they professed to think most
essential. Well, I will tell you how it
was. It was party hatred, and that party
hatred levelled against the man whom we
have heard villified toda'. Nothing else
but that could, I am sure, have induced
the Freesoil party of Massachusetts to take
the course they did. From .the Boston
Commonicealth , which is the organ of the
Freesoil party and it is my practice to ,
read the pnpers of the other side more than
my own, for I take it for granted that my
own are always right from the Boston '
Commonwealth, the organ ot the b reesou
party, 1 clip the following winch was the
rallying cry for the last campaign, in the
year of our Lord 1851 :
"In the next place there must be union
and effort, confidence and conces
sion". Ao concession of principle, for none
is required. To our Freesoil friends we
say, now that we wish to rebuke Daniel
Webster, to sustain Charles Sumner, and
to stamp upon the Fugitive Slave Law,
its f ranters ctnd apologis's, the seal of
popular reprobation,, the Democrat who is
farthest from us is nearer than any v nig
can be. To our Democratic friends we
say, now that you wish to sustain Gover
nor Boutwell ? to retain the State Admin
istration, to preserve and to perfect the
reforms so auspiciously commenced last
winter, the Freesoiler that is furthest from
you is nearer than any Whig can be.
Let the spirit animate the allied forces, and
victory is sure."
And this, Mr. Chairman, was .he way
they whipped us. Oh, glorious defeat!
Oh, destructive and abortive triumph!
nead I say that I would rather be defeated
fifty times in that way than have ene suc
cess. -
Mr. Venable. So had I.
Mr. Davis. Bat we are up within se
ven thousand of them. We stand shoul
der to shoulder, and though, out numbered,
I can tell my colleague we are not by any
means subdued. I will state another stri
king fact in connexion with this matter. -
It h Well known that two years ago,
be-
fore the election of the present t reesoil Li
nked States Senator, and after the election
of Mr. Boutwell, the Democratic Govern
or, there were some twenty or thirty Dem
ocratic members of the House who would
have nothing to do with Mr. Sumner.
What did the Freesoil paper do then? It
came out the very next morning aftei the
first failure to elect, and said that uovem-
or Boutwell must not make any changes
or annointments to office until the United
Males ftenatorsniD. was uisuoseu oi. j. imi
r..- i i: I rni.t
oaDer well understood its men. , There
was the exeatest state ot excitement anu
the most anxious expectation until that
matter was arranged, and the doors of the
treasury were thrown open to the hungry.
I remember an engraving after Ianaseer,
in which a number of very hungry-loot
ing dogs are squatting or standing on their
hind-legs, with watering mouths ana ter
rible anxiety in their eyes watching a meat
tray over which a very portly-looking dog
is keeping guard, augnter.j l ue en
graving embodies these lines of the distich
"Each wild with hope and maddening to prevail, -Points
the pliant ear and wags the expectant tail "
Well, there was somethiug of that sort
seen in Massachusetts. The pottage was
Mmrv. Ran u was hunirrv, and the birth
right and all went. Slaughter.! What
tr.pn.Uthp. Ktnte of the case? Why, that
these twenty six thousand voters, concen
itratino- their raire and resentment on one
grey, silvered head, making that their chiet
and leading pnjeci, ana sacnucmg
principle for the purpose of venting their
mo-ft on that great man, have succeeded
o . .... , . 1
- 'iticai cness-Doaru,
in
Iu
'Sffi? I
sentiment which actually exists in Massa
chusetts. Why this rage against the Sec
retary of State? Because they choose to
say that he had been false to the North. -Upon
that subject, on some prop f occasion ,
and on some early occasion, I shall have
something to say. It is not how the time
to speak of his course of policy. My ob
ject is accomplished at this time in pointing
out why it was that my colleague suppos
ed that his course in relation to this matter
would be regarded with suspicion by the
House. For what Mr. Webster has suf
fered if he has suffered anything I do
not suggest that he has any specific claim
on any section of country, for I do not
think myself that he was influenced in his
course by regard to one section more than
another.
What he did, whether right or not in
all its details, was, in my judgment, the
fruit and result of the intense, glowing, pas
sionate nationality which is engraved in the
man, and which would lead him, I think,
to endeavor, at whaffever personal cost, to
do equal and exact justice, under the Con
stitution, to every section: and perhaps it
may be truly said that his career,- from the
abundance of his vital case, and the person
al, individual qualities of his character, more
forcibly than that of any statesman of the
time, illustrates the saying, that, in apply
ing principles to the changing affairs of life,
the man who is true to his idea must often
submit to the risk of being deemed incon
sistent in his measures.
I cannot tell, Mr. Chairman, how much
this sort of assault which we have heard to
day is calculated to injure Mr. Webster.--If
I can judge from the experience of the
past, from the feeling which I see expressed
in the faces about me, or from the emo
tions of my own heart, I should say not
much. However this may be, I comfort
myself with the thought that the man dies,
but the cause lives; whatever he has done,
suffered, and achieved, will live long after
him in the annals and glories of his coun
try; as the spreading trees bear testimony
through its thousand burly arms, clothed
with the fruits and leaves of a thousand
years, to tne care wnicn nounsnea us eany
growth...
THE MARTYRS OF RUSSIA.
That truth is stranger than fiction is a
truism none will now venture to dispute ;
but of all the romance of history- that has
yet emanated from the the ever-teeming
press, most certainly the worK ol Jiicne
let is the most extraordinary and the most
appalling. That in the nineteenth centu
ry an immense nation should be existing
in which, amidst glowing civilization the
most odious barbarism only should be re
cognised as the governing principle, is one
of those facts that staggers credulity. The
disclosures of M. Michelet will be read
with double interest at this moment, and
the translation has been rendered with
great fidelity. The following extract fur
nishes a correct view of liussian society
and its paralyzing influence upon humau
itv : .
Sibeiii i. Much lias been said of the
martyrs ot bibena ; but why distinguish
them ? The line of separation would be
altogether fictitious. With the exception
of an aggravation of cold, the whole of
Russia is Siberia beginning at the Vis
tula.'
One speaks of the condemned ; but ev
t i i , .
ery nussian is conaemneu. in u counny
where the law is a mere mocker- there can
be no serious judgment. All are condemn
ed ; yet no one js judged ; there is no dis
tinction between suffering and punishment.
The universal punishment is not such
and such a positive evil it is that breaking
of the heart, that moral anxiety of a spirit,
crushed beforehand, by an inevitable com
bination of misfortunes. In that merciless
world where everything seems to possess
ie fixed rigidity of its native ice, nothing
is fixed all is pregnant with chance and
doubt.
All are condemned, said we ; the serf
perhaps the least so, even m his servitude
and misery ; for he is not even sure of that
very misery to morrow, all may change
for him ; he may perhaps be Carried off,
either for the army or the factories ; his
wife given to another ; his family dis
persed. The soldier is condemned not only be
cause he was, all of a sudden, earned oil
from his home, and has ever since been
subject to that continual bastinado, called
military service : but also because ne is to
tally ignorant of the time of his liberation ;
the law was thirty years formerly now
twenty : but what is the law in Russia :
The officer is condemned ; ne is rorceu
, --- ... r .1
against his will into a military school he
follows in snite of himself, the rude and
monotonous path of unceasing exercises,
parades and changes from one garrison to
another. Sad priest of war : even whilst
his fortune promised him the enjoyments
of the world ! But what befalls him it ne
does not serve ? His family is thenceforth
suspected perhaps ruined and degraded
and for himself he is lost forever ?
Lost 1 Wrhat means that word ? Kuled
But it is apparently something more than
death, since it is the occupation of the of
fice? to fight and so expose himself to death
otherwise, says he, he would be losU
The serf, who is seized, for the army,
savs. "I am lost." He is m the very
denth of his misfortune : he can descend
no lower. But the officer can descend
h han Vftt. soinp.thincr to fear, which is
worse to him than death he fears Si
beria. . : -r
When the serf is made a soldier, his
hrwlu onlv i tafcn. Thev care not for
heart -. - but with , the officer, it is the
. ' he problem of
Russian government being, how to seize
the soul of a man whose life of insupport
able misery renders death indifferent to
him. ,:. ' '
This soul has been early deadened in
those schools where is taught only the void
nothing material nothing moral ; so
that, from very weariness, he is thrown
into the arms of those enervating pleas
ures which deaden it yet more. But even
this twofold operation ttoes not always suc
ceed in extinguishing n strong mind. AH
that still remainsrVfthe i man most be re
strained m list be overcome and that by
a moral terror. What terror ? an un
known punishment.
The Catholic Inquisition , besides its dun
geons and tortures, continued to the end
its physical torments, by a moral torment
an "eternal hell the infinity of time.
Russia has its hell an infinity of space
the horror of the desert, and of the void.
A never-ending distance. He who
makes the journey on foot, loaded vyith
heavy chains, starts young, and arrives
aged a man, twenty-five years old, full
of health and life, started "from Poland ;
three years aier, a shadow drooped into
Kamtschatka !
A multitude of sufferings result from
the climate itself merciless climate ! Some
few degrees nearer to the Polar Sea were
sufficient to cause deat h .
If the Russian even at home, shut up
six months in his oven, his heated room,
can with difficulty keep out the furious
north wind, what .must it be in this second
Russia, where the cold eats into you, where
steel breaks like glass, where even the dogs
that draw the sledges would inevitably per
ish were they hot cased with fur?
To arrive there without resources would
be deliverance, for one would die ,- but
death must not come too quickly. Estab
lished in a small fort, in the midst of the
icy desertduring two or three years,
sometimes longer, digging the earth, Or
drawing the barrow, fed upon sour milk
and bad fish, the exiles'die slowly beneath
the lash.
Even those r, ho are not condemned to
this terrible doom, but who have a kind of
half liberty a sort of physical existence,
almost tolerable, find the moral effect
scarcely less dreadful. If, to them, Sibe
ria is not an eternity of suffering, it is one
of forgetfuiness, where they feel themselves
disappear -dying away from the living
woi Id, from their families,from their friends.
To lose one's name, to be called number
10 or number 20, and, if your family still
remain, to beget children without a name,
a miserable race, which 'will, perpetuate
itself in eternal wretchedness ! The ruin
ed man ruins his children he is cursed :
so are they and by a frightful crescendo
it happens, that the" children of a man who
is himself condemned to the mines for
twenty years, will remain miners for forty
or fifty j-ears, or even unto death, their
children after them, mid all their posterity.
Siberia not only draws degradation up
on persons, thence transported, but also
upon things. A bell was transported there
for having sounded the tocsin during a re
volt cannons were transported, and re
ceived the knout at Tobolski. But deg
radation is indeed a most serious affair to
persons, where it implies bastinadoing at
will. ;
Had the exiles only to fear a complete
change in their habits, the passage from
an indolent Asiatic life, to a life cf labour,
even that would alone be sufficient to ren
der Siberia the dread of the Russian.
Their effeminatt mode of life can hardly
bear the easy existence of the West of Eu
rope. A liussian lady declared to me that
it was impossible for her to exist in France;
an infinite number of Eastern luxuries
were wanting to her. Our servants ap
peared too rough for her ; their voices harsh
and proud. fehe could not support tne
natural friction of a world of equality.
She missed the "flatteries and attentions of
her women ; her life of heated rooms and
baths the tepid atmosphere of her Rus
sian house. What would have become of
this poor woman, if, instead of the journey
to Paris, which she found so painfnl, she
had performed the voyage to Siberia?
There is a tradition iu Russia that Cath
arine, (or, perhaps, one of the empresses
who preceded her,) in order to lower the
pride of certain great ladies, occasionally
favoured, them with an order tor tneu- nag
ellation, which was to be performed by their
servants in their own palaces. The chief
of her secret chancery intimitted ihe order
with respect, ami himself superintended
its execution. The sad operation being
finished, the patient dismissed him, with
thanks, holding herself happy in being let
oft at such a price, ana in iraving avoiueu
Siberia.
Judsre of the horror of a poor timid wo
man, dragged from her palace, hei volup
tuous ease, and her everlasting summer ;
perhaps thrown at night into a strong chest
lined with iron, and rolled along some iour
or five thousand miles :' or, perhaps, she
who has hardly ever walked, is forced to
make this frightf ul and begging journey on
foot, goaded on by the whip,. and receiving
on herroad some miserauie suaeuautc uum
the charity of serfs I
In whatever way she may go, it is , in
deed, a frightful, torture for a woman, leav
ing her husband, her children, and all she
loves in the wide world, to wander alone
and in the darkness of night, in the north
and in winter and in the- hcrrof of the
unknown ? To pass from Europe into
Rihp.ria. is like fallin"? into chaos : a desert
of men and a desert of ideas ; a vast noth
ing, without history, without traditionmd
without religion (other than witchcraft.) so
' . . ihe, religious
which have penetrated; such as the Mo
hammedanism of the Tartars, lose their
dogmas, their legends and their halo, and
become pale, dim, and nolhingless, even as
the invisible sun of Siberia.
Few can resist this destroying power of
the void. Lost m this immense waste.they
are stamped with its very image ; and los
ing all personal identity, in their turu, also
become mere nonentities.
In a journal published at Vilna, under
the Russian censorship, in 1850, Madame
Eve Felinska uescribes the deplorable con
dition in Which she beheld a Polish colo
nel, at Tobolski. Implicated in the trans
actions of 1825, he had been condemned
by the Senate to three years imprisonment
merely for non-revelation. The emperor
paid not the slightest regard to this sen
tence. He caused him to be transported
to the north of Siberia, as far as the sixty
third degree, from whence, in mercy, he
was allowed to return as far as Tobolski.
"This unhappy man, who had been for
merly one of the finest men in the army,
was no longer to be recognized. He was
lying back in art arm chair, for so weak
was he, that he could not stand ; .his hair,
(already white,) though very thin, and
combed with care; fell upon his shoulders,
and reached as far as his elbows. His face
was very pnle and swollen; and his look
vacant. His eyes and lips trembled with
emotion'. We could see that he possessed
the wish, though not the power to speak.
He motioned us with his hand to draw
near, that he might salute us. For a mo
ment, his mind regained its reason, but so
affected was he, that he could, with diffi
culty, use his almost- paralyzed tongue
Finding that we were going to Berezowa,
where he had once resided, he wished us
to take up our abode there, with his form
er hostess. All this conversation proceed
ed with considerable difficulty ; we were
almost obliged to guess his.meaning. At
lengrli we perceived that he had exhaust
ed the use of his faculties, for he informed
us that we should find at Berezoiya, mel
ons, grapes, and other southern fruits, his
imagination, no doubt, wandering to the
borders of the Tagus and the Seine, which
he had known so well. With sorrowful
hearts, we shortened our visit, btit he still
sought to retain us by his gestures, vainly
endeavoring to articulate the word: 'Staj-."
DEaiccRATic Officers.; The Wash
ington correspondent of the Baltimore Pat
riot gives the following catalogue of the
Locofoco officers of the House of Repre
sentatives for the past two or three years :
The Democratic majority in the House
has been unfortunate for some' years past;
in its selections of its good men for the
officers of the House. At one time, it se
lected and honored Mr. McNulty,by mak
king him Clerk of the House. All re
member how he turned out.
Ata laterpenod itselected B. F. Brown,
the author of the two-faced biography of
General Cass, as a most suitable man to be
the doorkeeper of the House. But before
the election, he was detected in some for
gery matters and took to his heels and ran
away. '
Next , by means Of a coalition and bar
gain, William J. Brown was put in nom
ination for Speaker of the House, and
came within one vote of being elected, by
the combined support of the Southern and
Northern Democrats and the Ultra Aboli
tionists ; but the bargain was smoked out
jusl in time to prevent his election.
And now it has come to light that the
Democracy lias elected the author of the
Forney Letter to the Clerkship of the
House, and still retains him" in that respon
sible position, without any mark of its dis
approbation or condemnation of what the
records of a Court show that he has done."
The Resohttions of '98. Governoi- j
Johnson, in hrs1 letter of acceptance to the
Stauhtori Convention, gave promise of
what he would tlo for the State, by declar
ing that he would stand firmly by the Res
olutions of '98. Tiie Knickerbocker makes
the fol lowing; happy fling at this habit of
making these Resolutions apply to evciy
thinjp; past, present and to come.
"A representative in Congress from the
Interior of New York, meeting a brother
member from Virginia immediately alter
his arrival in the Federal City, a day or
tw i before the meeting of the present Con
gress., in answer to an inquiry from tl ie
gentleman from the Old Dominion, the
former remarked that he had celebrated
Thanksgiving Day with some friends in
New York city. ,
"We have no thanksgiving in our State,
responded the Virginian, with something
of a chuckle.
" I sunnose.' 'retorted the New Yorker ,
tbat is owinar to the fact that you have
nothino- to be thankful for.'
" 'No. Sir! you are out fltere rejoined
the party of the second part, ardent as a
Southern sun couia mase niui. - i i;c
son .'Sir. that we have no thanksgiving in
Virginia is, that there is no provision maue
for it in tha Constitution of the State, and
7 ' . . . 1
it is nowhere recognized in the Resolutions
of '98.'" : ' .;,:; .:,;..,'
The Democrats of Tennessee having ex
nrpssed a preference for Mr. Douglas, of II
fnr President, and Major General
filHon J, Pillow for Vice President, the N
V: . Tribune vestures to express the hope
that when the gallant General entrenches
himself for the campaign, he won't throw
the dirt up on the' wroig side of the ditch,
as he did at Mata moras, when he was gain
mr, immnrtal irlc.rv in warfare affainst the
o &
Mexicans."
MR. BUCHANAN AT II03IE.
Under this significant heading the Dem
ocratic Convention of Lancaster cotihi5
have issued an address, setting forth the
grievances under which the favorite son of
Pennsylvania has suffered, and the claims
which he sets up to the favor of the Dem
ocratic party. This manifesto commences
with expressing the " inexpressible gratifi
cation" of the convention in being able to
greet their friends throughout Pennsylva
nia and the whole Union with the cheer
ful tidings that fe "home of James Bu
chanan" has redeemed its pledge of a bril
liant victory in his behalf, and given him
at the Delegate Elections the largest ma
jority "ever placed under similar circum
stances upon the records of a political con
test." It then proceeds to deplore the "un
natural war" that has been waged against
their favorite by a few "unscrupulous and
unprincipled" enemies in his own party-,
who are charged with having resorted to
the use of the most opprobrious language
and the most infamous calumny in. his de
nunciation. This portion of the address is
levelled at Mr. Reah Frazer and Mr. Si
mon Cameron, who are said to have "ha
ted and despised" each other (before they
were united by a common hatred to Mr.
Buchanan) with a 'cordiality which would
make them envied pupils in an academy
of demons." To illustrate the ancient
hostility of these worthies in the most pi
quant and pointed way, the address says :
"No appellation was too vile in its signifi
cation for one of them to bestow upon the
other; and, to believe his own asseverations,
if there was one cavern in the regions of
darkness blacker than another, he would
have consigned him to an eternal asylum
within its vaults." This phrasing js wor
thy of the poet's parson who "never men
tions hell to ears polite." We Uo not be
lieve that any such circumlocution ever oc
curred to Mr. Cameron or Mr. Frazer. .
In spite, however, of the efforts of the
hos'ile and malevolent, out of forty -five
townships and districtsin Lancaster county.
forty-bnc have elected delegates friendly to
Mr. Buchanan, r ive thousand votes were
polled, of which Mr. Buchanan received
"an" immense and overwhelming" majori
ty. The votes polled approached within
a thousand die largest number ever thrown
in that county for Governor of the State or
President of the United States. The city
of Lancaster alone polled 1,187 votes, of
which Mr. Buchanan received a majority
of seven hundred and sixty-seven. Thus,
in the judgment of the Lancaster County
Cohveuti.on, the "home of Mr. B uchanan"
with the counties of York and Cumberland
and the city and county of Philadelphia,
have terminated the contest for the State
with good harbingers of Democratic success
in the Presidential sttuggle, and have en
sured Mr. Buchanan the votes of one hun
dred and ten ofthe one hundred and thirty
three delegates to the State Convention to
be held at Harrisburg on the 4th of March
next. " The Hon. James Buchanan,"
says the Lancaster county manifesto, 'may
now, therefore, be considered the candid
ate of Pennsylvania for the Presidency of
the United States. So certain as he lives
he will be presented as such to the Nation
al Convention to be held at Baltimore on
the 1st of June next with an unanimity of
feeling in his favor which must convince
every rational man in the country that he
is truly 'the favorite son of the Keystone
State.'' " "" v ;
Having. Pennsylvania to begin with, Mr.
Buchanan will start fair in the National
Convention ; and if her delegates adhere to
him with fidelity, he may obtain the nom
ination. There is little dcubt that he is
more popular in the South than any other
Democratic candidate from the North, and
would run better, probably, than General
Butler, in view of the lattei's Freesoil col
teterals and dependencies. The intngues
of the other candidates, howevery may ren-
Mr Buchanan's home strsnsfth una-
vailing; and in that event,- we apprehend
that the domestic feuds m renusvivaiti
may
lose that Slate to the unternlied De-
mocracv
Republic.
Rare Ficelift. The Louisville Journal
does not think very fovorably of the pros
pects of General Cass for the Presidency.
At least, such is the inference from the fol
lowing piquant paragraph from that paper:
"We perceive mat tne uetroitiree rrew
. .i i i.,k..ir!nnii..ir,gcs
reluses to iniuK. oi any wuj uui rcna..
in connection with the next 1 residency.
Wo almirp ttiR editor's fidelity. He re-
miuds us of a faithful dog that stays and
starves to death by the dead body of his
master."
OLD BACHELORS LOOK ON THIS !
Singi: Blessedness. Sheet-iron quilts
blue noses frosty rooms ice in the pit
cher unregenerated linen -heel-less socks
coffee sweetened with icicles gutta-percha
biscuits flabby steak dull razors
corns coughs and cholics aloes misery
&c, &c- Bah !
AND THEN ON THIS 1
Matrimony. Hot Buckwheat cakes
warm beds comfortable slippers smoking
coffee round arms red lips (ahem !
etc. etc. shirts exulting in bflttons re
deemed stockings, boot jacks,happines?,&c.
Washington Monument.- The Leg
islature of the Slate of Georgia have deter
mined to withdraw the block of marble
bearing the inscription, "The Constitution
aa it is: the Union as it was," which was
transmitted to Washington by the lale Gov
ernor, as the donation of the State of Geor
gia: and resolved to have another prepar
ed, of Georgia marble, with the arms of the
State of Georgia mscri'icd thereon.
i
i
PRAYING TO A PURPOSE.
An Alabama contr-rnporarv
gives
following as f h " rxorunnn of nn ex-j
hotter at a camp meeting in the old Bayj
State. IIow l inch he has improved oh
the original it becometh us not to say :
Brethren ! 1 was out on Rip-ihiu Moun
tain yesterday, and I come across a bar
pen, and it had a bar in it, and thinking
he might git out, I took a sharp slick and
punched his eyes out- I thought, if he;
did get out then, he'd have a rough tray -j
elling down the mountain. I thought it!
might be brother McCoughe's or brother j
Moses' or some of the brethren, and Ij
come down to-day to tell the brethren a
bout it. Let us pray;
O, Lord ! have niassey on the whole
world have massey on the people who
live in the North Cove, the Turkey Cove,
the Linsick Cove, and nil the little adja
cent Coves. Blessed be God! Have
massy upon them who live on the Cataw
ba river, and more par tic-n-l.ar-ly upon
them who live about Jim McDowell's.
Have massy upon them who live on Buck
Creek up to where Billy McClung lives,
who married my dai tur, and who is a
holy man ; Lord, have niacsy, and then
taking the Dividing Ridge between Dick's
Creek and the Garden Creek over to Mud
dy Creek, where Billy McCloud lives,
who married my toilier dartur, and who
is another holy man praised be God !
and then revolt back to Jim McDowell's
Spring Branch and up his Spring Branch
to where my son Joshua lives, who is a
living monument after thine own heart,
blessed Lord! and then taking up to where
my son Baxter lives on Black Mountain
Lord have massy! he is afineboy,aclever
bloy, he killed a turkey on day before yes
terday, a fat buck on yesterday, and, O,
Lord! may he kill a big bar on to-morrow.
A very quizzical, and telling letter is
published in the Alexandria Gazette, from
"Phvstowisky, Ex-Chamberlain to the
Ex-Count Koklophty," in which he gives
the following significant resolutions as hav
ing passed at a 'Classic Symposium in Go
tham.' "Resolved, That in the installation of
the New Era, we proclaim as its lead
ing maxim, Action first, Discussion after
wards. "Resolved, That the present generation,
being mounted on the shoulders of its pre
decessors, can see vastly further than they,
and sees, for one thing, into the utter falla
cy and doctrinal imbecility of those anti
quated saws, 'Mind yonr own business,'
and 'Charity begins at home.'
"Resolved, consequently, That it is our
first and chief business to regulate the af
fairs of our neighbors and to sec that they arc
comfortable; and that by our neighbors, in
the new reading of the law of nations, is
meant, finst, the Hungarians, and, next, al!
the world and the rest of mankind.
"Resolved, That, although the new poli
cy opens to us avista of boundless debtand
endless trouble, and would probably imper
il or dissolve the Union, we hold that to be
a matter of but little consequence, since
the Union itself is to be swallowed up in
the new and grand discovery ofthe ;solidar
ity of the peoples.'
"Resolved, That it is impertiiiertt t-) talk
of precedents, in an unprecedented age,
and that, being determined in fature to
think with our stomachs and reason with
our bayonets, we bid adieu to the old sys
tems of logic and language ; referring
ourselves for the first, as before stated, to
the lower viscera, and for'fhe latter to that
(mind style of orientalism which has produ-
cuh !i narnvvsiil O! ecstacism HI
the
oro-ans of socialism and abolitionism.
Books uxuer Ban. We see by an ar
ticle in a law London paper (hat the arch
bishop of the diocese of Lucon has issued
a decree forbidding his flock to read what
you think? Walter Scott's novels, Don
Q.uixotte, the Arabian Nights, Robinson
Crusoe, and the works of Chateaubriand.
This i3 a singular enumeration, and, as no
reason for the excommunication is given,
it will be an amuaing puzzle to some scholars
to discover why these authors have fallen
into disrepute with the churchmen.
N. Y. F. Post.
On the 5th of last August, this paper
hoisted the names of Millard Fillmore and
Vm. A. Graham for the offices of President
apd Vice President ofthe United States.
At that time, we were solitary and alone.
being the only paper in the United states
withthat ticket at the head of its "Editorial
columns, but now, more than 300 papers
have Fillmore a name hosited tor tne presi
dency, and over 50 have the name of Wm.
A. Graham, at their mast heads lorthe Vice
Presidency. Vve venture to assert, tnat-
ich unanimity seldom ever Deiore prevail
ed, in regard to the nomination for ttrose
offices, at so early a period preceding tne
Presidential election.
We have honesty and candor enough to
assert our belief, that Millard Fillmore js
the only Whig in the United States who
can be elcted to the Presidency, at this
time.
Mr. Fillmore, though a Northern man,
has shown, beyond question, his ;determi
nation, to do all sections justice, and to
administer the law according to the .Con
stitution, as formed by our fore-fathers. ,
He is a noble patriot, and a wise statesman,
worthy to be honored by his comitrynvr ti.
Alabama Argus.
Louisiana Senatoh. J. P. Benjamin, .
Whig, has been elected U. S. Senator, in'
place of Mr. Downs, whose term wiU, ex
pire March 3d, 1833. 5 Mrf Benjamin, w'e
i .1 !.-' .... :ti ' "
unqrrsmuy, is a native oi r ueutMijt,
b
WW
v.
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