nPM-iu1 j. .j U Ji J " GIVE ME THE LIBERTY TO KNOW, TO UTTER, AND TO ARGUE FREELY, ACCORDING TO CONSCIENCE, ABOVE ALL OTHER LIBERTIES.' '-Milton. NEW SERIES. R. I. WYNNE, Publisher. i VOL. V. NO V. RALEIGH, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1852 C. C. RABOTEAU, Editor. iS , TERMS. The Times is issued every Thursday, and mailed to subscriber at Two Dollars per annum, iu advance; T Dnllnr. .nd Fiftv Cents if not paid in six months; and Three Dollars if payment be delayed to the end of the subscription year. , ICT To Clubs, wo will send Six Copies for Ten Dollars, and Twelve copies for Eighteen Dollars, when the money accompanies the order. ADVERTISEMENTS, Not exceeding sixteen lines, will be published one time for One Dollar, and Tweuty-five Cents for each ntwMiiieiit insertion. Court orders and Judicial flu- vertiaements will be charted 25 per cent higher. A reasonable deducthn will be made to those who ad vertise by the year. Letters to the Editor must be post paid. Money for the Office may be sent by mail at our risk, in pay ment for subscriptions, advertisements, jobs, &c. B3 Office on favkt-teville sr., oni door bblow rosr office. . SPIRIT OF THE PRESS. Under this head we design occasionally to place the pith of the leading articles in the papers bearing upon our State policy, or other interesting subjects ; accompanied with such observations of our own as may occur at a glance. Perhaps our readers may like the feature, if we can skilfully manage it. Free Scffrage A Convention, fcc. The Hillsborough " Recorder," in calling attention to this subject, expresses the opinion that " the question shonld be confined entirely to the canvass for mem bers of the Legislature. It falls properly in the line of their duty in their legislative capacity. The Governor has no more power over it than a private citizen he can only recommend measures for the ac tion of-the Legislature and we do not pee the propriety of running a candidate for a nosL of such dienitv upon a question of this kind, merely to try the strength of ihi. nnnnsino- names." Itie riecoruer thinks "it inexpedient that the Whig Con vention should nominate a candidate who shall Rra!r nut boldlv in every corner of the State as the advocate of a Free Con vention to reform the constitution : " "but there is one position we are willing tn spa the Whip- nartv assume, and that is nnnnsitinn tn nil amendments to the con stitution by Legislative enactments. If the constitution must be amended, let it be done by a Convention." How happens it that it did not strike the Recorder that this negative position it is "willing to see the Whig party assume," is the very one upon which we were de feated iu the last canvass? We reject the Locofoco plan as bad why not propose a better one? It m as ea-sj to maintain an affirmative proposition, as to combat a neg ative one : and the choice is of great im portance in rallying the party. Pennsylvania. A writer in the Ral eigh Standard, calling himself " Senex,' glorifies Pennsylvania very much, and very eloquently claims for her great praise for having "combatted with all her ener gies, freesoilism, higher lawn, abohtion ismjand demagoguism , " and affirms that ehe "has never fad to fearlessly hold up and openly yUdicate the just constitu tional rights ohe South.' We think11 wrong for any one to try to deceive rPle at me Soulh in this wav; We bltae no one for DeinS a partizan of jjjj, jruchanan, and endeavoring to con trjate to his elevation but let him repre nt things fairly and truly. It can be af firmed, with certainty, that never were the "rights of the South" so shamelessly out raged anywhere , as they have been in Pennsylvania. The mere fact (we need go no further) that the murder of Mr. Gor such, the victim of the Christiana tragedy, and the shooting at the United States of ficers and others there, endeavoring to en force, not only " the just constitutional rights of the South," but the law of the land, are held to be no crimes, and cannot be punished as crimes in Pennsylvania, will make such an impression upon the oublic mind, as no rhapsodical flourishes can ever erase. -Nor would a million of such effusions weigh a feather against this one fact. The Southern man who can represent Pennsylvania as having "never Jailed" in her duty to the South, is either deceived himself, or seeks to deceive oth ers. "Senex" may take either horn of the dilemma. If Mr. Buchanan has any claim, therefore, based on .the upholding of Southern Rights in Pennsylvania, it falls to the ground. The Goldsboro' "Telegraph" has turn ,ed its attention to Agriculture. It has two .communications upon the subject ; and, in its leader, enforces them upon lis reaa ers. We quote f,'We believe that there is a much more general concern among our citizens touch ing this matter, than has heretofore exist ed. We rejoice at this, and indulge most confidently the hope that tne nay win ar rive when the county of Wayne will have ts Agricultural Societies, Libraries and pairs, when a kind soil its various resour ces fully developed, will yield abundance of wealth into the hands of the industri- pus and scientific husbandman, when our pitizens shall he content to remain at home and find greater riches, and a more enlarg- ' ed prosperity, than the most fortunate who strive for opulence in the far-famed El Dorado of the West." The Graham " Democrat" is busily en rratrerl in blowing the bellows for Mr. Quch- ' anan It thinks that "the name of B ucb- . anan, wiilbe mentioned in the coming can vass ir terms of enthusiastic admiration, while his calumniators will everywhere be - field in utter loathing and contempt." - riTia 4rwMTul "rjiliimniators" at present - pxe the friends of Cass in Pennsylvania, They apply choice epithets to him occa sionally. The Democrat also publishes part of Mr. Venable's speech, in which he kicked so tremendously against the har ness, without note or comment ; though a litde particularity seems to have governed the part selected. Nothing is given about "a man who dodges votes, and whose re corded words require a Daniel to interpret and fix their meaning. The Fayetteville "Observer" is very severe upon Kossuth and Wheeler; or rather, has many articles on tne interven tion doctrines of the first, and publishes the "Argus" article on the book of the last : remarking, "In doing so we have some rears mat Ksoi. muceiei auu mo Lincoln Republican will regard it in the light of complimentt ; as they did the let- ter of the " learned divine ana author, which we copied in our last. Wd there fore feel it necessary to express thfe suspi cion we entertain, that much, of the Ar gus's critique is intended to be understood as satirical." The "Observer" has also an article on the Public Lands, and it would appear that the gigantic schemes for their disposal have awakened, at last, some interest in the South on the subject, as we observe another article in " the Star." The Wilmington "Herald" is mostly taken up with the news; gives an article about Col. Long and Kossuth; and accepts the conclusion of the N. Y. Express, as follows: "From all that we can learn, our Consul at Marseilles, and Capt. Long of the Mis sissippi acted with great moderation and prudence. On the contrary Kossuth shows badly in these transactions, and is represen ted as a wayward and ungovernable man, fully impressed with the grandeur of his own self-importance." The "Herald" also hopes and believes that the Whigs of North Carolina are resol ved to bring out a man who will "repair the damage," and that their efforts will doubt less be crowned with success. The "Democratic Pioneer" is calling up on its party down that way to "organize, or- ganize!" Important elections are rapidly approaching. A great battle is soon to be fought; and we ought to prepare for the struggle. Our forces should be marshalled, and a complete and thorough organization should be adopted. The tocsin has been sounded: let the great Democratic voice of the country respond in tones of thunder. It expresses the opinion that '-'present ap- ptdidULCa ttlUlatc u. vHUUIHglUg iaie UI affairs in the Democratic ranks. The diff erent sections of the party at the South, pro duced by differences of opinion upon the Compromise question, are being consolida ted, and the ancient harmony bids fair to be entirely restored during the approaching campaign. The South, though they do Lot approve, hate expressed a determination to acquiesce in the Compromise measures, pro vided they are all executed faithfully and impartially.- The great Democratic heart will be one again, and we are led to believe that they will rally upon their old and cher iscd principles." The " Pioneer also discusses " J; ree Suffrage" with the Weldon Patriot; and glo rifies that measure quite extensively ; jeal ously claiming it as the peculiar trophy of Gov. Reid's genius. We regard the Gov ernor as a very enterprising man upon this subj ect; and it is sometimes the case that quack medicines have an amazing run of pop ularity, before they are found out. We have not seen the Patriot's articles. CITY PAPERS. The "Register" is discusMii;t with the Standard the history of districting and re districting the State for the last ten years. It warns the Whigs of whet may be expect ed should they, "by Iukewarmness or dis sensions among themselves, suffer their op ponents to defeat them in the Fall elections. Those who passed the Act of '42 and call 'usage and custom - to aid them m its de fence, will no doubt invoke the same argu ments to perpetuate, for ten and twenty years, any injustice they may attempt to fix on the Wings ot the Mate! Again we say, union and organization can alone save us from such injustice." It also rebukes the "game of deception" which it charges the Standard with practis ing "in connection with the issues which will be made in the approaching campaign for the Presidency; " and asserts that the Northern wing of the Democracy is in a fair way to be "Van Burenized." The same paper gives nine reasons why the Whigs ought to be restored to power in North Carolina all founded upon national policy, except the two first, which relate to their zeal for State Improvement. We rather incline to the opinion that the parties are about equal, in this respect, and that no capital can be made out of it. The "Standard" infers discord in the Whig ranks because of disagreement among Whig presses with respect to the Conven tion question; and calls upon the Register to define its position, and say "which sec tion is in the right the Elizabeth City, or the Buncombe and Guilford section. Which of these sections represents true Whiggeryl" We rather thjiik the fight is free upon this subject;-and a roar may be none the less a good Whig, whether he be on one or the other side. The true question for the Whig party is, whether they ean unite in op position to the Democratic plan on this sub ject, without proposing a better. The diff erence amoRff the Whig presses may be found here. The Standard also presses the subject of a Daily mail west, quoting from ether pa pers to show the agreement of public sen- timent, and adds: "We hope the entire West may be per- mitferl to narticmate in the benefits or a Daily Mail. Let all the Towr.3fYom this point West, take the matter in hand and mess it vifforouslv and continuallv upon the Department. Their wants in this, res-1 pect, if thus made known aod pressed, must and will be noticed and supplied." The same paper gives Mr. Venahle'a "unharmonious" speech, without the ex pression of approval or disapproval a cold ness with which we have never known the orator to be treated before in that print. The "Star" has a good article upon the nublic lands, above referred to. It is also pretty severe upon Senator Seward , protes ting against his friends "forming any part of the National Whig Convention. Se ward himself deserves to be expelled from the United States Senate; and we shonld be sorry if any Southern Whig would go into Convention with such a man." The "Weekly Post" is filled with selec ted literary and miscellaneous articles; dis cusses at some length the question "will California become a slave State?" and ex presses the opinion that "slavery will go where it is profitable, and it will not go where it ianot: desnite all the spiritualiz- nf t ho i!mi9. and all the sublim- ated nonsense of the whole race of lying nhmirwla self interest will still govern mankind as in the t""i v.: ... , - , ' .i days of old: and an enlightened knowl edge of self-interest is all the improvement that we want to bring out the millennial era." It also thinks that Mexico will be the best country for the free negroes, where thejr will find society agreeable to their tastes, "with congenial manners ana sen timents. Let slavery, therefore, go to California and to Texas; let it line all the border country between us and that nation, to which alone the negro can look with pleasure when hoping and expecting free dom.";. " The Live Giraffe" has a correspond ent who makes some suggestions on the subject of a supply of water for the city in cases of fire, which are entitled to atten tion, if they can be properly acted upon. Theinauirv is made, "Why we cannot collect the rain water from the top of our State House and lead it to a large cistern which is to be built of wood, and at a cost of not more than one hundred dollars, and elevated on 'Legs' (supposed much after the nwnnor of filir nlrl fahi"rrf nraohinjj tub)and held in this for the use of this re spectable community duung cases of emer gency, such as the one which came nigh overwhelming us just before Christmas, when if we could have only had such a fixture, a vast deal of valuable property might have been saved from total rum." The " Biblical Recorder " continues " Reasons for withdrawing from the Epis copal church " by Dr. Hooper ; who gives a correspondence between the late Bishop Kavenscroft and himself, ol a highly inter esting character. The Recorder is a very valuable Religious paper, and we are pleas ed to hear it has an extensive circulation. We shall probably follow up this ac count of newspaper articles, if our read ers shall be pleased with it though we do not propose to embody the " Spirit " of other than political papers, as a general rule. Of course, our present extracts re fer to the papeis of last week. South Carolina. The Greenville, (S. C.) Southern Patriot, administers to the Disunion; advocates in S. C. the follow ing wholesome advice. Heeded it might prove a panacea for all hei ills : "The fact is that South Carolina has been directing all ber energies and talent to federal politics so long,- and neglecting the improvement and best interests of the State to such an extent, that hundreds and thousands of her citizens are leaving, and forced to leave. This is seen and felt; the disease is obvious, and political quack erv has suggested a remedy , which is still further to paralyze the energies of the State by entailing poverty on a certain class of her citizens, and then inducing tnat class to" remain within her limits, to the exclusion of a more industrious, energetic, thrifty, property-holding, and crediting class. . "If South Carolina wishes to retain all of her citizens, and cut offthat tide of emi gration which has been, depopulating her for the last thirty years, she ought to com mence developing her resources, creating a demand for labor, extending her ran roads and plank roads, building up manu factories, erecting public buildings, a new State house like that of Tennessee or JNorth Carolina, and a penitentiary where crimi nals may be made to work like honest men; and above all, fostering and chensh inw. in everv nrudent way her schools, a- cademies, and colleges. Instead of send ing abroad for her iron, and granite, and marble, let her procure these things at home.. Let her stop appropriating her money in the purchase of guns, munitions or war. and for military purpoees. one has sent enough of her treasure to the North. Let her encourage the direct im portation and exportation of our products and merchandise. And List, though not least, let us have done with our political excitements and be at peace, paying our debts like honest men , and living together as friends, all anxious for the honor, glo ry and prosperity of our State. DEMOCRATIC UNANIMITY, Mr. Clemens, U. S. Senator from Ala- bama, in a recent letter to Maj. Fleming, says that, in the event of a conjunction or Georgia and Mississippi with Alabama, he would accept the nomination of Elector upon the Union Ticket; and he believes that such an organization would be able to control the election. And we see that the Union party of Alabama, in Contention as sembled, have 1 Resolved. That an epoch has commenced which requires us to forget past political of fences, to minister no longer to sectional discord, to contemplate in all its grandeur an individual and harmonious. Union, and that, actuated oy tnis spirit, we acquiesce in me late Compromise, adjustment as a definitive settlement of the slavery question, and will insist on its being adhered to in good faith. Resolved, That we think it inexpedient to appoint delegates to represent us in either the Democratic or .Whig National Conven tions to nominate candidates for President and Vice President of the United States, and that this convention recommend to the friends of the Compromise measures of the late Congress the propriety of holding, in the citv of Washington, on the second Mon day in June next, a National Union Con- vention. irrespective of old party organiza tinns. for the purpose of nominating candi- Hates for President and Vice President of the United States, pledged to the support and maintenance of those measures as a final adjustment. Resolved, That this convention, before it adjourns, will appoint eighteen delegates to represent the Constitutional Union party of Alabama in said contemplated National Convention two from each Congressional district, and four from the State at large. Resolved, That it will also choose an elec toral ticket, to be composed of nine candi dates one from each Congressional district, and two from the State at large to sustain the nominations of said convention, if any are made by it, or any other nomination of President and Vice President of the United States that the Constitutional Union party of this State may think it proper to support in the coming election. Commenting op. these resolutions, the Republic says : 'The truth is that the old Jaekson Demo cratic organization is run out. It has lost its vitality. We saw proof enough in the action of the Democratic Congressional Caucus, at the commencement of the ses sion, that the party had not only been de moralized but denationalized. The Democ- racy proper were overruled and overridden Bavlv, and Mr. Gorman of Indiana, and Mr, Jones of Tennessee, and Messrs. Freeman and Wilcox of Mississippi, were laughed at and put down, and fairly driven out ot the caucus, by such men as Mr. Preston King of New lork, Mr. Kantoul ot fllassacnu setts. Governor Cleveland of Connecticut, Mr. Molony, and Mr. Campbell of Illinois, and other welkknown thorough-going ao olitionists; backed by the Secessionists and Disunionists of the Southern States. Sec tional interests and prejudices of the mean est and basest character have so eaten into the Democratic party, as to disorganize and disintegrate it entirely. There is no discip line or party understanding left in its ranks. The " Globe,." representing the Bentons, "Blairs, Van Burens, and the Freesoil wing of the Democracy, stands reatfy to pour its shot into the Union, after the same fashion in which it assailed that journal in the days of Mr. Ritchie. Mr. Duff Green and i lsh er, worthy representatives of Nullification and Secession, are now uppermost in tne "Democracy proper oi the Southern Mates, and are Waging war to the knife against all men calling themselves Democrats who are disposed to deny that Nullification is the rightful remedy, or that there is a ngm oi peaceable secession." And again; in speaking of the Union movements in Alabama, Georgia and Mis- sissippi, me liepuouc says: "There are only two parties iri the three "States to which we have referred. The "old Democratic and Whig parties are cx "tirtct in Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia. "The cement and cohesion of old party as sociations are loosened and gone. En "in their recent contests too warm and too 'violent to be soon or easily allayed. "Friendships and alliances have been form- "ed that must survive the mere occasion of "their origin, and continue to ffect the re "lations of parties and individuals for many 'years to come. The Secessionists and "Disunionists in those States have managed 'to retain the Democratic name, and will furnish the delegates to the Democratic "Baltimore Convention. Under these cir cumstances, the Whig organization being "extinct, or amalgamated in that of the "Union party, do we not see that this par- "ty has any resort left except to hold an in dependent Union Convention of the States "in which the Union party has a State ex istence. "Nor can we anticipate any ill result,po "litically, front such' a convention. Men "who hold such opinions as are set forth in "the above resolutions cannot go far wrong "in the selection of a Presidential candid "ate. We cannot think that men who are "in favoi of acquiescing in the Compromise, "of the instruction of the masses, of the'non- "intervention doctrines of Washington, of "the diversification" of the pursuits of labor, "will find any difficulty in selecting between "thecaBd5dateof a Democratic and a Whig 'Convention. We find not a word in the "Alabama resolutions in which we do not "most heartily concur. Upon the Compro "mise they adopt the language of (he Pres ident's message, and of -.the resolution of "the Whig Congressiocal caucus in almost "the very words of the resolution that was "tabled by the Abolitionists and Secession "ists in the Democratic caucus. - On the "question of intervention they take the "ground of Washington, as re-affirmed by "President Fillmore in his reply toKossuth, "and in his address to the committee in be "half of the Irish exiles. We do not won "der, therefore, that the "Union" deprecates "the assembling of a convention called up "on such principles as are embodied in the "Alabama resolutions. We should be pleased "if there were a convention held in every "county in the State to re-affirm just such "resolutions; and if the people will orly "throw their influence and v otes for the man Vwhb best represents precisely these princi ples, we shall have no fear of the result." BALTIMORE CONVENTION. Among the subjects of harmony which must come before this dignified body, we anticipate a glorious row from the discor dant proclivities of many of the Delegates alreadv appointed. Thev are Free soil at the North, and Secessionists at the South. The old ricketty platform must be patched up in some way-and the evidences are that "Cass, Cuba, and Canada" will be abandoned. And how is harmony to be hrouorht about? The difficulties in the way maybe properly appreciated, perhaps fi-nm t he. following candid exposition of things which we findthe Georgia Tele graph copies from the Journal and Mess enger, true-blue Southern Democratic au- thority , quoted and applauded in North Carolina. To be sure this was written to aid the passage of the Buchanan resolu tions through the Legislature of Georgia, and did'nt succeed, the said resolutions having been indefinitely postponed but we think the first paragraph, containing the delightful picture, pretty nearly correct. The Graham Democrat copied the article last iveck so, of course, it is worthy of Democratic faith. "There is at this -moment a most singu lar coalition being formed between the 4 b olilionists and Disunionists to control tliat (namely, Baltimore) Convention. No sensible man can close his eyes, to the fact. Van Buren, Blair, Benton, arid their free soil coadjutors, are marshalling their forc es at the North, Rhett,Coinmander, Mc Donald and Quitman are gathering to gether the scattered members of the Coffin Regiments at the South. These men, de feated in their late treasonable' schemes, are now about to combine for the purpose of subsidising and controlling the the na tional Democracy. They will accomplish their purpose too unless defeated by . a prompt movement on the part ot tne u nion men of the South. Here in our very midst they are changing their names, re pudiating their principles, and preparing to associate with' what, a few months since, they termed 11 the radical, rotten Demo cracy of the North." Opeii Disunionists, who denounced Yankees who refused to trade With them, or to admit them into their family circles are now ready to em brace the-"sweet little fellow" of Kinder hook and the whole horde of abolition fol lowers. Even the Hon. Representative from the first dislrict is found closetted with such men as Disney, of Ohio ! Verily mrnina- events cast their shadows be fore.".-:. " Now, we hope that the Union men of the South will send delegates to Liallimore for the purpose of breaking up this infa mous coalition between the Abolitionists and Fire Eaters -wc hope they will send delegates there who will co-operate with the true Jackson Democracy reaffirm the doctrines of the Georgian Convention ,i -: i c . t t , : upon tne lsaunnore piauurni wu miug uui some such man as Air. IJucnanan lor tne Presidency. For ourselves we Honestly oeiieve that this is the only way in which the country can be saved. If the Southern Union men remain out ot mat convention, the compromise wing of the Democratic nartv the true Jackson democracy wil be overwhelmed by the combined powtfr of the Van B urenites and the Rhettites a Free Soil anti-compromise ticket will be nominated the slavery agitation will be re-opened, and the Unicn will be lost. Wilmington " Rail Road Stock. We are glad to learn from the Wilmitigtn . iS. i irTO.I : J Journal ma: oi snares ot t uunugiuu ouu Raleiirh Rail Road Stock were sold at auc tion in that town on Monday last at $60 per share, six months' credit. It is not long since the stock was sold at $10 per share, and indeed we think there was time within the last fev years when could not have been sold at any price, even if it could have been given away. The change in its value is owing to the wise resolution to put tne roaa m nrst rate oraer with heavv iron, and to continue it into South Carolina by the Manchester Road These measures involved a very large out lav and certainly the prospect - was suffi cientlv discouraging when they were adop ted: but the result has 6hown that they were true economy, as well as juaiciou en teif rises . Observer A WHIFF OF TOBACCO. ! " Tobacco stood my friend once," said Korner, " I can assure you, and sav ed me from being expelled from college. You both look as if you doubted me, but it's true nevertheless, and I will tell you how. A great race was to come off upon a certain Saturday, when it fell to the lot of your humble servant and three other seniors to electrify professors and students with our eloquence. We had assembled early, and the merits of the horses were discussed, until our appetite for fun got the better of our discretion, and we determin ed to go, and leave the professois to speak for themselves. We went, enjoyed our selves amazingly; went on Monday again, same result ; in fact kept it up until Sat urday night rolled around again. We had all been threatened so repeatedly that we knew some-plausible excuse must be ren dered, or ofT we should have to troop. We were perfectly willing to make all necess ary explanations ourselves, but, hang them they were so ungentlemanly as to doubt our veracity." "It appears they knew you, "said Quod. " There, don't interrupt," continued Korner, "a thought came into my head." " A rather unusual occurrence, I should imagine," interrupted Commins. "Perhaps so," said Korner, " I called on niv mathematical tutor, who kept a room in Broadway, where he employed himself all day in smoking and giving les sons to lagging collegians. I knew he va3 a mischievous man, and so told him that I wanted his ak ice about learning to smoke, an accomplishment that the threatened ad j vent of the cholera rendered necessary for me to acquire as soon as possible. He ad vised me to begin immediately, oflTered me a strong cigar, and to work I fell. In a few minutes I had as Cassius did not " arrived the point proposed." I rushed into the street, made directly for the office of our family physician, told him how ill I felt, and how I had been brought to so woful a pass by o vet study of late. He wrote a prescription and ordered ine home. I refused to go until I had presented my self at. college, as nothing but a personal appearance or a proper certificate would do. hv,' said tne Uoctor, ' i can give you one,' and he did. He sat down and wrote these blessed words, more dear to my eyes then than would have been the first peru- al of any one of those returned love-let ters with which Willis has been nauseat ing Unnertendom : - - . . i . , . 'Mr. Korner is unable to attend to ms ollc2fiate duties, bo.ing prevented by illness, the result of overtasking mind and body by too close application to his studies. " U. liLAXK, jjl. Lf. " The Professors opened their eyes very widely indeed, but could say nothing. Ur Blank was too well known. We clip the following paragraph from a ettcr dated at Richmond, Va., and addess- to the New York Journal of Commerce, hv the Hon. J. Leander Starr,- an En glish gentleman, once an officer in the ar my, but now a resident of this country He is a person of extraordinary accom plishments, being a poet of considerable reputation, and a scholar or rare attain ments. The opinion of such a sagacious observer is worthy of note, and we make the extract, trusting that it may please our readers, as it has gratiated ourselves. Courier. I have been shown them in uianufatto. ries and in plantations here, and am as honestly convinced as I am of the iact cl my own existence,that these slaves are the happiest peasantry in the world. They are well fed, well clothed, cared for in sickness with the tenderness of a nurse for her child; and the daily labor exacted from them is less than is performed by any Irish, French or German peasant. 1 bey are happy and contented with their lot, and he is an enemy to that hnppiness who would disturb the existing relation between mas ter and slave. In visiting Col. Myer's To bacco Manufactory, I saw his slaves at work, and the manager informed me that most of them after performing the daily task allotted to them, worked afterwards for pay, which their master allows them, and that many thus earned from seventy live cents to a dollar per day. History.- Man's twofold nature is re flected in history. " He is of earth," but his thoughts are with the Stars. Mean and petty his wants and desires; yet they serve a soul exalted with grand glorious aims, with immortal longings, with thoughts which sweep the heavens, and " wander through eternity." A pigmy standing on the out ward crust of this small planet, his far-reaching spirit stretches out-wards to the Infinite, and there alone finds rest. History is a re flex of this doable life. Every epoch has two aspects one calm, broadband solemn looking towards Eternity; the other, agi tated, petty, vehement, and cotfused look ing towards Time. ; New Jersey asd the Compromise Measures. In the House of Assembly, on Thursday, a series of concurrent resolutions, endorsing the Compromise measures, was passed without a dissenting voice of course,including an endorsement ol the Fugitive Slave Ijiw in these emphatic terms :- Resolved, That the Fugitive Slave Law is in ac cordance with the stipulations ol tne tonstiiuuon of the United States, and in lU provisions carries out h unirit and letter of the Constitution in us compromise, upon which onr Union is founded. Resolved. That we approve the patriotic stand ta ltpn bv th Kxecntive of the United States, in de claring his determination to execu'eand enforce all laws constitutionally enacted, and that the people vf New Jersey will sustain him ia so doing. Mormon Polygamy. ' John Hardy, an Ex-Mormon, in the Boston Transcript, makes the following expose of the vice of polygamy among that sect: In regard to polygamy, it lias been preached among them for years; and, if it were necessary, I could give you cases of the separation of husbands and wives, the breaking up of families, the demoraliza tion of. young women by , some of these twelve apostles, in this city and vicinity, that would almost chilLthe heart's blood They teach and avow openly that mar riages, performed out of that church , are null and void, and can be broken at the pleasure of either or both parties'. There is no particular ordet or system about it. The heads of the church j manage to se cure to themselves the most desirable of the females that join the church; and, when tired of them, give them over to thi laymen of the church and not before. I know of one instance of a family from this city, where mother and two daughters (mer children) were used as wives by one of these aposUes, Heber Kimball; ho at the same time living with his lawful wife ! I know of another case in which P. P. Pratt, another of hese 12, took the young wife of Mr. Hum, of this city, unbeknown to him, and they have lived as husband and wife eversince. But your space will not permit me to enumerate in stances of that kind that have come to my personal knowledge. Instead of polyg amy, it should be termed licentiousness run mad. Any and all of these charges I stand ready to substantiate by their own documents, and unimpeachable witnesses. PUBLIC LANDS. The plans before Congress for plunder ing the Public Lands would amaze the people if they could get hold of, and un derstand them. The greatest scheme ia in what is called "Bounty lands." Bills are before Congress giving about every body, that was ever any where "enrolled," "Bounty Lands," as they are called. These bills will sweep off millions and millions more of acres. They are, in the main, schemes of Western lawyers, and speculators, to grab the public lands undar pretence of Bounty Lands. The "sold iers" are only pretences for the legisladon. The members of Congress from the old States seem paralyzed, and make no ade quate resistence to this plunder. They look on, and are filched out of thousands and thousands of acres. What can be done, or should be done to resist the tor rent it is difficult to say. The last Congress, art item was rather smuggled into, than inserted in, the Civil acd Di plomatic Bill, restricting the location of these Bounty Lands to the surveyed lands. This year that restriction will be s ept off, and the locations can be i made 't en by purchasers of Bounty Land warmiis up on water privileges, and mineral lat is, &c. of the new Domain unsurveyed, say in, Nebraska, California, or Oregon. Theui is no proper resistance to these most mon strous of all speculations, for it is popular togointo them, and going; into them U called "Democracy." j Western Rail Road Companies are ask ing of Congress grants of land, amounting in all to some Thirteen millions of acres! If they would build their Rail Roads faith fully out of the proceeds of these lands, they might then do some good. It is cer tainly the best plan of plunder yet present ed.'.:. -I Poverty may be a very fine thing in con templation ; but let its admirers understand that it is a difficult thing in practice. Our views, feelings and habits, must undergo a severe scrutiny, and be subjected to a hard discipline ; the careless ease, the light hearted indifference to the morrow wo cannot experience. The looking to shil lings and pence, and all the sordid minu tia of difficult economy is to be our com panion as inseparable from our footsteps as our shadow. I Depth, fervor and animation belong un doubtedly to the exercise of genuine re ligion ; and it is difficult to conceive bow a true and valid religious experience euould exist in the soul without producing stronc feelings. Nature seeks relief in the falling tear. The mind indulges in touching re flections on the vanity- of life ; and die heart yearns for a re-union with the loved and lost in a land where tears flow no more and death is a stranger-J Gen'l. Cass, (says an Albany cotempo- rary ,) has lately been trying a bit of blarney on the Irish, the next thing we expect of him is, that like Senator Hale, he will claim that his mother was an O Bnen. The General is reported as saying at the Congressional Banquet to Kossuth "Shall we sit here blind folded, and see tyranny prevailing in every region of the world? No!" He has Uius become almost an I rishmcn, to judge by this bull. The New York Tribune remarks that Power' statue of Eve was unbroken and unmarried, after all the rough usage it has received." The typo graphical error is "all in your i," Mr. Grcdey. Lynn News. ; A certain preacher having changed his relipion, was much blamed by his laie associates. To ex cuse himself, he eaid "be had seven reasons."' Beii.g asked what they were, he rej lled, "A wifa and six children." " Poor fugitive 6lave Bill," saitl Mrs. partinw ton, as her eyes ran over the morning papers, and her quivering lips betrayed the agitation of he mind poor fugitive 6lave Bill. I hope for my boul they won't catch him I hoj t they won" . .