North Carolina Newspapers

j. .j U Ji J
R. I. WYNNE, Publisher.
C. C. RABOTEAU, Editor.
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B3 Office on favkt-teville sr., oni door bblow
rosr office.
Under this head we design occasionally
to place the pith of the leading articles in
the papers bearing upon our State policy,
or other interesting subjects ; accompanied
with such observations of our own as may
occur at a glance. Perhaps our readers
may like the feature, if we can skilfully
manage it.
Free Scffrage A Convention,
fcc. The Hillsborough " Recorder," in
calling attention to this subject, expresses
the opinion that " the question shonld be
confined entirely to the canvass for mem
bers of the Legislature. It falls properly
in the line of their duty in their legislative
capacity. The Governor has no more
power over it than a private citizen he
can only recommend measures for the ac
tion of-the Legislature and we do not
pee the propriety of running a candidate
for a nosL of such dienitv upon a question
of this kind, merely to try the strength of
ihi. nnnnsino- names." Itie riecoruer
thinks "it inexpedient that the Whig Con
vention should nominate a candidate who
shall Rra!r nut boldlv in every corner of
the State as the advocate of a Free Con
vention to reform the constitution : "
"but there is one position we are willing
tn spa the Whip- nartv assume, and that is
nnnnsitinn tn nil amendments to the con
stitution by Legislative enactments. If
the constitution must be amended, let it
be done by a Convention."
How happens it that it did not strike
the Recorder that this negative position it
is "willing to see the Whig party assume,"
is the very one upon which we were de
feated iu the last canvass? We reject the
Locofoco plan as bad why not propose a
better one? It m as ea-sj to maintain an
affirmative proposition, as to combat a neg
ative one : and the choice is of great im
portance in rallying the party.
Pennsylvania. A writer in the Ral
eigh Standard, calling himself " Senex,'
glorifies Pennsylvania very much, and
very eloquently claims for her great praise
for having "combatted with all her ener
gies, freesoilism, higher lawn, abohtion
ismjand demagoguism , " and affirms that
ehe "has never fad to fearlessly hold
up and openly yUdicate the just constitu
tional rights ohe South.'
We think11 wrong for any one to try to
deceive rPle at me Soulh in this wav;
We bltae no one for DeinS a partizan of
jjjj, jruchanan, and endeavoring to con
trjate to his elevation but let him repre
nt things fairly and truly. It can be af
firmed, with certainty, that never were the
"rights of the South" so shamelessly out
raged anywhere , as they have been in
Pennsylvania. The mere fact (we need
go no further) that the murder of Mr. Gor
such, the victim of the Christiana tragedy,
and the shooting at the United States of
ficers and others there, endeavoring to en
force, not only " the just constitutional
rights of the South," but the law of the
land, are held to be no crimes, and cannot
be punished as crimes in Pennsylvania,
will make such an impression upon the
oublic mind, as no rhapsodical flourishes
can ever erase. -Nor would a million of
such effusions weigh a feather against this
one fact. The Southern man who can
represent Pennsylvania as having "never
Jailed" in her duty to the South, is either
deceived himself, or seeks to deceive oth
ers. "Senex" may take either horn of
the dilemma. If Mr. Buchanan has any
claim, therefore, based on .the upholding
of Southern Rights in Pennsylvania, it
falls to the ground.
The Goldsboro' "Telegraph" has turn
,ed its attention to Agriculture. It has two
.communications upon the subject ; and,
in its leader, enforces them upon lis reaa
ers. We quote
f,'We believe that there is a much more
general concern among our citizens touch
ing this matter, than has heretofore exist
ed. We rejoice at this, and indulge most
confidently the hope that tne nay win ar
rive when the county of Wayne will have
ts Agricultural Societies, Libraries and
pairs, when a kind soil its various resour
ces fully developed, will yield abundance
of wealth into the hands of the industri-
pus and scientific husbandman, when our
pitizens shall he content to remain at home
and find greater riches, and a more enlarg-
' ed prosperity, than the most fortunate who
strive for opulence in the far-famed El
Dorado of the West."
The Graham " Democrat" is busily en
rratrerl in blowing the bellows for Mr. Quch-
' anan It thinks that "the name of B
. anan, wiilbe mentioned in the coming can
vass ir terms of enthusiastic admiration,
while his calumniators will everywhere be
- field in utter loathing and contempt."
- riTia 4rwMTul "rjiliimniators" at present
- pxe the friends of Cass in Pennsylvania,
They apply choice epithets to him occa
sionally. The Democrat also publishes
part of Mr. Venable's speech, in which he
kicked so tremendously against the har
ness, without note or comment ; though a
litde particularity seems to have governed
the part selected. Nothing is given about
"a man who dodges votes, and whose re
corded words require a Daniel to interpret
and fix their meaning.
The Fayetteville "Observer" is very
severe upon Kossuth and Wheeler; or
rather, has many articles on tne interven
tion doctrines of the first, and publishes
the "Argus" article on the book of the
last : remarking, "In doing so we have
some rears mat Ksoi. muceiei auu mo
Lincoln Republican will regard it in the
light of complimentt ; as they did the let-
ter of the " learned divine ana author,
which we copied in our last. Wd there
fore feel it necessary to express thfe suspi
cion we entertain, that much, of the Ar
gus's critique is intended to be understood
as satirical."
The "Observer" has also an article on
the Public Lands, and it would appear
that the gigantic schemes for their disposal
have awakened, at last, some interest in
the South on the subject, as we observe
another article in " the Star."
The Wilmington "Herald" is mostly taken
up with the news; gives an article about
Col. Long and Kossuth; and accepts the
conclusion of the N. Y. Express, as follows:
"From all that we can learn, our Consul
at Marseilles, and Capt. Long of the Mis
sissippi acted with great moderation and
prudence. On the contrary Kossuth shows
badly in these transactions, and is represen
ted as a wayward and ungovernable man,
fully impressed with the grandeur of his own
The "Herald" also hopes and believes
that the Whigs of North Carolina are resol
ved to bring out a man who will "repair the
damage," and that their efforts will doubt
less be crowned with success.
The "Democratic Pioneer" is calling up
on its party down that way to "organize, or-
ganize!" Important elections are rapidly
approaching. A great battle is soon to be
fought; and we ought to prepare for the
struggle. Our forces should be marshalled,
and a complete and thorough organization
should be adopted. The tocsin has been
sounded: let the great Democratic voice of
the country respond in tones of thunder.
It expresses the opinion that '-'present ap-
ptdidULCa ttlUlatc u. vHUUIHglUg iaie UI
affairs in the Democratic ranks. The diff
erent sections of the party at the South, pro
duced by differences of opinion upon the
Compromise question, are being consolida
ted, and the ancient harmony bids fair to be
entirely restored during the approaching
campaign. The South, though they do Lot
approve, hate expressed a determination to
acquiesce in the Compromise measures, pro
vided they are all executed faithfully and
impartially.- The great Democratic heart
will be one again, and we are led to believe
that they will rally upon their old and cher
iscd principles."
The " Pioneer also discusses " J; ree
Suffrage" with the Weldon Patriot; and glo
rifies that measure quite extensively ; jeal
ously claiming it as the peculiar trophy of
Gov. Reid's genius. We regard the Gov
ernor as a very enterprising man upon this
subj ect; and it is sometimes the case that
quack medicines have an amazing run of pop
ularity, before they are found out. We have
not seen the Patriot's articles.
The "Register" is discusMii;t with the
Standard the history of districting and re
districting the State for the last ten years.
It warns the Whigs of whet may be expect
ed should they, "by Iukewarmness or dis
sensions among themselves, suffer their op
ponents to defeat them in the Fall elections.
Those who passed the Act of '42 and call
'usage and custom - to aid them m its de
fence, will no doubt invoke the same argu
ments to perpetuate, for ten and twenty
years, any injustice they may attempt to fix
on the Wings ot the Mate! Again we say,
union and organization can alone save us
from such injustice."
It also rebukes the "game of deception"
which it charges the Standard with practis
ing "in connection with the issues which
will be made in the approaching campaign
for the Presidency; " and asserts that the
Northern wing of the Democracy is in a fair
way to be "Van Burenized."
The same paper gives nine reasons why
the Whigs ought to be restored to power in
North Carolina all founded upon national
policy, except the two first, which relate to
their zeal for State Improvement. We
rather incline to the opinion that the parties
are about equal, in this respect, and that no
capital can be made out of it.
The "Standard" infers discord in the
Whig ranks because of disagreement among
Whig presses with respect to the Conven
tion question; and calls upon the Register
to define its position, and say "which sec
tion is in the right the Elizabeth City, or
the Buncombe and Guilford section. Which
of these sections represents true Whiggeryl"
We rather thjiik the fight is free upon
this subject;-and a roar may be none the
less a good Whig, whether he be on one or
the other side. The true question for the
Whig party is, whether they ean unite in op
position to the Democratic plan on this sub
ject, without proposing a better. The diff
erence amoRff the Whig presses may be
found here.
The Standard also presses the subject of
a Daily mail west, quoting from ether pa
pers to show the agreement of public sen-
timent, and adds:
"We hope the entire West may be per-
mitferl to narticmate in the benefits or a
Daily Mail. Let all the Towr.3fYom this
point West, take the matter in hand and
mess it vifforouslv and continuallv upon
the Department. Their wants in this, res-1
pect, if thus made known aod pressed,
must and will be noticed and supplied."
The same paper gives Mr. Venahle'a
"unharmonious" speech, without the ex
pression of approval or disapproval a cold
ness with which we have never known
the orator to be treated before in that print.
The "Star" has a good article upon the
nublic lands, above referred to. It is also
pretty severe upon Senator Seward , protes
ting against his friends "forming any part
of the National Whig Convention. Se
ward himself deserves to be expelled from
the United States Senate; and we shonld
be sorry if any Southern Whig would go
into Convention with such a man."
The "Weekly Post" is filled with selec
ted literary and miscellaneous articles; dis
cusses at some length the question "will
California become a slave State?" and ex
presses the opinion that "slavery will go
where it is profitable, and it will not go
where it ianot: desnite all the spiritualiz-
nf t ho i!mi9. and all the sublim-
ated nonsense of the whole race of lying
nhmirwla self
interest will still govern mankind as in the
t""i v.: ... , - , ' .i
days of old: and an enlightened knowl
edge of self-interest is all the improvement
that we want to bring out the millennial
It also thinks that Mexico will be the
best country for the free negroes, where
thejr will find society agreeable to their
tastes, "with congenial manners ana sen
timents. Let slavery, therefore, go to
California and to Texas; let it line all the
border country between us and that nation,
to which alone the negro can look with
pleasure when hoping and expecting free
dom.";. " The Live Giraffe" has a correspond
ent who makes some suggestions on the
subject of a supply of water for the city
in cases of fire, which are entitled to atten
tion, if they can be properly acted upon.
Theinauirv is made, "Why we cannot
collect the rain water from the top of our
State House and lead it to a large cistern
which is to be built of wood, and at a cost
of not more than one hundred dollars, and
elevated on 'Legs' (supposed much after
the nwnnor of filir nlrl fahi"rrf nraohinjj
tub)and held in this for the use of this re
spectable community duung cases of emer
gency, such as the one which came nigh
overwhelming us just before Christmas,
when if we could have only had such a
fixture, a vast deal of valuable property
might have been saved from total rum."
The " Biblical Recorder " continues
" Reasons for withdrawing from the Epis
copal church " by Dr. Hooper ; who gives
a correspondence between the late Bishop
Kavenscroft and himself, ol a highly inter
esting character. The Recorder is a very
valuable Religious paper, and we are pleas
ed to hear it has an extensive circulation.
We shall probably follow up this ac
count of newspaper articles, if our read
ers shall be pleased with it though we do
not propose to embody the " Spirit " of
other than political papers, as a general
rule. Of course, our present extracts re
fer to the papeis of last week.
South Carolina. The Greenville,
(S. C.) Southern Patriot, administers to
the Disunion; advocates in S. C. the follow
ing wholesome advice. Heeded it might
prove a panacea for all hei ills :
"The fact is that South Carolina has
been directing all ber energies and talent
to federal politics so long,- and neglecting
the improvement and best interests of the
State to such an extent, that hundreds
and thousands of her citizens are leaving,
and forced to leave. This is seen and felt;
the disease is obvious, and political quack
erv has suggested a remedy , which is still
further to paralyze the energies of the
State by entailing poverty on a certain
class of her citizens, and then inducing tnat
class to" remain within her limits, to the
exclusion of a more industrious, energetic,
thrifty, property-holding, and crediting
class. .
"If South Carolina wishes to retain all
of her citizens, and cut offthat tide of emi
gration which has been, depopulating her
for the last thirty years, she ought to com
mence developing her resources, creating
a demand for labor, extending her ran
roads and plank roads, building up manu
factories, erecting public buildings, a new
State house like that of Tennessee or JNorth
Carolina, and a penitentiary where crimi
nals may be made to work like honest
men; and above all, fostering and chensh
inw. in everv nrudent way her schools, a-
cademies, and colleges. Instead of send
ing abroad for her iron, and granite, and
marble, let her procure these things at
home.. Let her stop appropriating her
money in the purchase of guns, munitions
or war. and for military purpoees. one
has sent enough of her treasure to the
North. Let her encourage the direct im
portation and exportation of our products
and merchandise. And List, though not
least, let us have done with our political
excitements and be at peace, paying our
debts like honest men , and living together
as friends, all anxious for the honor, glo
ry and prosperity of our State.
Mr. Clemens, U. S. Senator from Ala-
bama, in a recent letter to Maj. Fleming,
says that, in the event of a conjunction or
Georgia and Mississippi with Alabama, he
would accept the nomination of Elector
upon the Union Ticket; and he believes
that such an organization would be able to
control the election. And we see that the
Union party of Alabama, in Contention as
sembled, have 1
Resolved. That an epoch has commenced
which requires us to forget past political of
fences, to minister no longer to sectional
discord, to contemplate in all its grandeur an
individual and harmonious. Union, and that,
actuated oy tnis spirit, we acquiesce in me
late Compromise, adjustment as a definitive
settlement of the slavery question, and will
insist on its being adhered to in good faith.
Resolved, That we think it inexpedient to
appoint delegates to represent us in either
the Democratic or .Whig National Conven
tions to nominate candidates for President
and Vice President of the United States,
and that this convention recommend to the
friends of the Compromise measures of the
late Congress the propriety of holding, in
the citv of Washington, on the second Mon
day in June next, a National Union Con-
vention. irrespective of old party organiza
tinns. for the purpose of nominating candi-
Hates for President and Vice President of
the United States, pledged to the support
and maintenance of those measures as a
final adjustment.
Resolved, That this convention, before it
adjourns, will appoint eighteen delegates to
represent the Constitutional Union party of
Alabama in said contemplated National
Convention two from each Congressional
district, and four from the State at large.
Resolved, That it will also choose an elec
toral ticket, to be composed of nine candi
dates one from each Congressional district,
and two from the State at large to sustain
the nominations of said convention, if any
are made by it, or any other nomination of
President and Vice President of the United
States that the Constitutional Union party
of this State may think it proper to support
in the coming election.
Commenting op. these resolutions, the
Republic says :
'The truth is that the old Jaekson Demo
cratic organization is run out. It has lost
its vitality. We saw proof enough in the
action of the Democratic Congressional
Caucus, at the commencement of the ses
sion, that the party had not only been de
moralized but denationalized. The Democ-
racy proper were overruled and overridden
Bavlv, and Mr. Gorman of Indiana, and Mr,
Jones of Tennessee, and Messrs. Freeman
and Wilcox of Mississippi, were laughed at
and put down, and fairly driven out ot the
caucus, by such men as Mr. Preston King
of New lork, Mr. Kantoul ot fllassacnu
setts. Governor Cleveland of Connecticut,
Mr. Molony, and Mr. Campbell of Illinois,
and other welkknown thorough-going ao
olitionists; backed by the Secessionists and
Disunionists of the Southern States. Sec
tional interests and prejudices of the mean
est and basest character have so eaten into
the Democratic party, as to disorganize and
disintegrate it entirely. There is no discip
line or party understanding left in its ranks.
The " Globe,." representing the Bentons,
"Blairs, Van Burens, and the Freesoil wing
of the Democracy, stands reatfy to pour its
shot into the Union, after the same fashion
in which it assailed that journal in the days
of Mr. Ritchie. Mr. Duff Green and i lsh
er, worthy representatives of Nullification
and Secession, are now uppermost in tne
"Democracy proper oi the Southern Mates,
and are Waging war to the knife against all
men calling themselves Democrats who are
disposed to deny that Nullification is the
rightful remedy, or that there is a ngm oi
peaceable secession."
And again; in speaking of the Union
movements in Alabama, Georgia and Mis-
sissippi, me liepuouc says:
"There are only two parties iri the three
"States to which we have referred. The
"old Democratic and Whig parties are cx
"tirtct in Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia.
"The cement and cohesion of old party as
sociations are loosened and gone. En
"in their recent contests too warm and too
'violent to be soon or easily allayed.
"Friendships and alliances have been form-
"ed that must survive the mere occasion of
"their origin, and continue to ffect the re
"lations of parties and individuals for many
'years to come. The Secessionists and
"Disunionists in those States have managed
'to retain the Democratic name, and will
furnish the delegates to the Democratic
"Baltimore Convention. Under these cir
cumstances, the Whig organization being
"extinct, or amalgamated in that of the
"Union party, do we not see that this par-
"ty has any resort left except to hold an in
dependent Union Convention of the States
"in which the Union party has a State ex
istence. "Nor can we anticipate any ill result,po
"litically, front such' a convention. Men
"who hold such opinions as are set forth in
"the above resolutions cannot go far wrong
"in the selection of a Presidential candid
"ate. We cannot think that men who are
"in favoi of acquiescing in the Compromise,
"of the instruction of the masses, of the'non-
"intervention doctrines of Washington, of
"the diversification" of the pursuits of labor,
"will find any difficulty in selecting between
"thecaBd5dateof a Democratic and a Whig
'Convention. We find not a word in the
"Alabama resolutions in which we do not
"most heartily concur. Upon the Compro
"mise they adopt the language of (he Pres
ident's message, and of -.the resolution of
"the Whig Congressiocal caucus in almost
"the very words of the resolution that was
"tabled by the Abolitionists and Secession
"ists in the Democratic caucus. - On the
"question of intervention they take the
"ground of Washington, as re-affirmed by
"President Fillmore in his reply toKossuth,
"and in his address to the committee in be
"half of the Irish exiles. We do not won
"der, therefore, that the "Union" deprecates
"the assembling of a convention called up
"on such principles as are embodied in the
"Alabama resolutions. We should be pleased
"if there were a convention held in every
"county in the State to re-affirm just such
"resolutions; and if the people will orly
"throw their influence and v otes for the man
Vwhb best represents precisely these princi
ples, we shall have no fear of the result."
Among the subjects of harmony which
must come before this dignified body, we
anticipate a glorious row from the discor
dant proclivities of many of the Delegates
alreadv appointed. Thev are Free soil at
the North, and Secessionists at the South.
The old ricketty platform must be patched
up in some way-and the evidences are
that "Cass, Cuba, and Canada" will be
abandoned. And how is harmony to be
hrouorht about? The difficulties in the
way maybe properly appreciated, perhaps
fi-nm t he. following candid exposition of
things which we findthe Georgia Tele
graph copies from the Journal and Mess
enger, true-blue Southern Democratic au-
thority , quoted and applauded in North
Carolina. To be sure this was written to
aid the passage of the Buchanan resolu
tions through the Legislature of Georgia,
and did'nt succeed, the said resolutions
having been indefinitely postponed but
we think the first paragraph, containing
the delightful picture, pretty nearly correct.
The Graham Democrat copied the article
last iveck so, of course, it is worthy of
Democratic faith.
"There is at this -moment a most singu
lar coalition being formed between the 4 b
olilionists and Disunionists to control tliat
(namely, Baltimore) Convention. No
sensible man can close his eyes, to the fact.
Van Buren, Blair, Benton, arid their free
soil coadjutors, are marshalling their forc
es at the North, Rhett,Coinmander, Mc
Donald and Quitman are gathering to
gether the scattered members of the Coffin
Regiments at the South. These men, de
feated in their late treasonable' schemes,
are now about to combine for the purpose
of subsidising and controlling the the na
tional Democracy. They will accomplish
their purpose too unless defeated by . a
prompt movement on the part ot tne u
nion men of the South. Here in our very
midst they are changing their names, re
pudiating their principles, and preparing to
associate with' what, a few months since,
they termed 11 the radical, rotten Demo
cracy of the North." Opeii Disunionists,
who denounced Yankees who refused to
trade With them, or to admit them into
their family circles are now ready to em
brace the-"sweet little fellow" of Kinder
hook and the whole horde of abolition fol
lowers. Even the Hon. Representative
from the first dislrict is found closetted with
such men as Disney, of Ohio ! Verily
mrnina- events cast their shadows be
" Now, we hope that the Union men of
the South will send delegates to Liallimore
for the purpose of breaking up this infa
mous coalition between the Abolitionists
and Fire Eaters -wc hope they will send
delegates there who will co-operate with
the true Jackson Democracy reaffirm the
doctrines of the Georgian Convention
,i -: i c . t t , :
upon tne lsaunnore piauurni wu miug uui
some such man as Air. IJucnanan lor tne
For ourselves we Honestly oeiieve
that this is the only way in which the
country can be saved. If the Southern
Union men remain out ot mat convention,
the compromise wing of the Democratic
nartv the true Jackson democracy wil
be overwhelmed by the combined powtfr
of the Van B urenites and the Rhettites
a Free Soil anti-compromise ticket will be
nominated the slavery agitation will be
re-opened, and the Unicn will be lost.
Wilmington " Rail Road Stock.
We are glad to learn from the Wilmitigtn
. iS. i irTO.I : J
Journal ma: oi snares ot t uunugiuu ouu
Raleiirh Rail Road Stock were sold at auc
tion in that town on Monday last at $60
per share, six months' credit. It is not
long since the stock was sold at $10 per
share, and indeed we think there was
time within the last fev years when
could not have been sold at any price, even
if it could have been given away. The
change in its value is owing to the wise
resolution to put tne roaa m nrst rate oraer
with heavv iron, and to continue it into
South Carolina by the Manchester Road
These measures involved a very large out
lav and certainly the prospect - was suffi
cientlv discouraging when they were adop
ted: but the result has 6hown that they
were true economy, as well as juaiciou
en teif rises . Observer
" Tobacco stood my friend once,"
said Korner, " I can assure you, and sav
ed me from being expelled from college.
You both look as if you doubted me, but
it's true nevertheless, and I will tell you
how. A great race was to come off upon
a certain Saturday, when it fell to the lot
of your humble servant and three other
seniors to electrify professors and students
with our eloquence. We had assembled
early, and the merits of the horses were
discussed, until our appetite for fun got the
better of our discretion, and we determin
ed to go, and leave the professois to speak
for themselves. We went, enjoyed our
selves amazingly; went on Monday again,
same result ; in fact kept it up until Sat
urday night rolled around again. We had
all been threatened so repeatedly that we
knew some-plausible excuse must be ren
dered, or ofT we should have to troop. We
were perfectly willing to make all necess
ary explanations ourselves, but, hang them
they were so ungentlemanly as to doubt
our veracity."
"It appears they knew you, "said Quod.
" There, don't interrupt," continued
Korner, "a thought came into my head."
" A rather unusual occurrence, I should
imagine," interrupted Commins.
"Perhaps so," said Korner, " I called
on niv mathematical tutor, who kept a
room in Broadway, where he employed
himself all day in smoking and giving les
sons to lagging collegians. I knew he va3
a mischievous man, and so told him that I
wanted his ak ice about learning to smoke,
an accomplishment that the threatened ad j
vent of the cholera rendered necessary for
me to acquire as soon as possible. He ad
vised me to begin immediately, oflTered me
a strong cigar, and to work I fell. In a
few minutes I had as Cassius did not
" arrived the point proposed." I rushed
into the street, made directly for the office
of our family physician, told him how ill
I felt, and how I had been brought to so
woful a pass by o vet study of late. He
wrote a prescription and ordered ine home.
I refused to go until I had presented my
self at. college, as nothing but a personal
appearance or a proper certificate would do.
hv,' said tne Uoctor, ' i can give you
one,' and he did. He sat down and wrote
these blessed words, more dear to my eyes
then than would have been the first peru-
al of any one of those returned love-let
ters with which Willis has been nauseat
ing Unnertendom :
- - . . i . , .
'Mr. Korner is unable to attend to ms
ollc2fiate duties, prevented by illness,
the result of overtasking mind and body by
too close application to his studies.
" U. liLAXK, jjl. Lf.
" The Professors opened their eyes very
widely indeed, but could say nothing. Ur
Blank was too well known.
We clip the following paragraph from a
ettcr dated at Richmond, Va., and addess-
to the New York Journal of Commerce,
hv the Hon. J. Leander Starr,- an En
glish gentleman, once an officer in the ar
my, but now a resident of this country
He is a person of extraordinary accom
plishments, being a poet of considerable
reputation, and a scholar or rare attain
ments. The opinion of such a sagacious
observer is worthy of note, and we make
the extract, trusting that it may please our
readers, as it has gratiated ourselves.
I have been shown them in uianufatto.
ries and in plantations here, and am as
honestly convinced as I am of the iact cl
my own existence,that these slaves are the
happiest peasantry in the world. They
are well fed, well clothed, cared for in
sickness with the tenderness of a nurse for
her child; and the daily labor exacted from
them is less than is performed by any Irish,
French or German peasant. 1 bey are
happy and contented with their lot, and he
is an enemy to that hnppiness who would
disturb the existing relation between mas
ter and slave. In visiting Col. Myer's To
bacco Manufactory, I saw his slaves at
work, and the manager informed me that
most of them after performing the daily
task allotted to them, worked afterwards
for pay, which their master allows them,
and that many thus earned from seventy
live cents to a dollar per day.
History.- Man's twofold nature is re
flected in history. " He is of earth," but
his thoughts are with the Stars. Mean and
petty his wants and desires; yet they serve
a soul exalted with grand glorious aims,
with immortal longings, with thoughts which
sweep the heavens, and " wander through
eternity." A pigmy standing on the out
ward crust of this small planet, his far-reaching
spirit stretches out-wards to the Infinite,
and there alone finds rest. History is a re
flex of this doable life. Every epoch has
two aspects one calm, broadband solemn
looking towards Eternity; the other, agi
tated, petty, vehement, and cotfused look
ing towards Time.
; New Jersey asd the Compromise Measures.
In the House of Assembly, on Thursday, a series
of concurrent resolutions, endorsing the Compromise
measures, was passed without a dissenting voice
of course,including an endorsement ol the Fugitive
Slave Ijiw in these emphatic terms :-
Resolved, That the Fugitive Slave Law is in ac
cordance with the stipulations ol tne tonstiiuuon
of the United States, and in lU provisions carries
out h unirit and letter of the Constitution in us
compromise, upon which onr Union is founded.
Resolved. That we approve the patriotic stand ta
ltpn bv th Kxecntive of the United States, in de
claring his determination to execu'eand enforce all
laws constitutionally enacted, and that the people
vf New Jersey will sustain him ia so doing.
Mormon Polygamy. ' John Hardy,
an Ex-Mormon, in the Boston Transcript,
makes the following expose of the vice of
polygamy among that sect:
In regard to polygamy, it lias been
preached among them for years; and, if it
were necessary, I could give you cases of
the separation of husbands and wives, the
breaking up of families, the demoraliza
tion of. young women by , some of these
twelve apostles, in this city and vicinity,
that would almost chilLthe heart's blood
They teach and avow openly that mar
riages, performed out of that church , are
null and void, and can be broken at the
pleasure of either or both parties'. There
is no particular ordet or system about it.
The heads of the church j manage to se
cure to themselves the most desirable of
the females that join the church; and,
when tired of them, give them over to thi
laymen of the church and not before.
I know of one instance of a family from
this city, where mother and two daughters
(mer children) were used as wives by
one of these aposUes, Heber Kimball; ho
at the same time living with his lawful
wife ! I know of another case in which
P. P. Pratt, another of hese 12, took
the young wife of Mr. Hum, of this city,
unbeknown to him, and they have lived
as husband and wife eversince. But your
space will not permit me to enumerate in
stances of that kind that have come to my
personal knowledge. Instead of polyg
amy, it should be termed licentiousness
run mad. Any and all of these charges
I stand ready to substantiate by their own
documents, and unimpeachable witnesses.
The plans before Congress for plunder
ing the Public Lands would amaze the
people if they could get hold of, and un
derstand them. The greatest scheme ia
in what is called "Bounty lands." Bills
are before Congress giving about every
body, that was ever any where "enrolled,"
"Bounty Lands," as they are called.
These bills will sweep off millions and
millions more of acres. They are, in the
main, schemes of Western lawyers, and
speculators, to grab the public lands undar
pretence of Bounty Lands. The "sold
iers" are only pretences for the legisladon.
The members of Congress from the old
States seem paralyzed, and make no ade
quate resistence to this plunder. They
look on, and are filched out of thousands
and thousands of acres. What can be
done, or should be done to resist the tor
rent it is difficult to say. The last
Congress, art item was rather smuggled
into, than inserted in, the Civil acd Di
plomatic Bill, restricting the location of
these Bounty Lands to the surveyed lands.
This year that restriction will be s ept off,
and the locations can be i made 't en by
purchasers of Bounty Land warmiis up
on water privileges, and mineral lat is, &c.
of the new Domain unsurveyed, say in,
Nebraska, California, or Oregon. Theui
is no proper resistance to these most mon
strous of all speculations, for it is popular
togointo them, and going; into them U
called "Democracy." j
Western Rail Road Companies are ask
ing of Congress grants of land, amounting
in all to some Thirteen millions of acres!
If they would build their Rail Roads faith
fully out of the proceeds of these lands,
they might then do some good. It is cer
tainly the best plan of plunder yet present
ed.'.:. -I
Poverty may be a very fine thing in con
templation ; but let its admirers understand
that it is a difficult thing in practice. Our
views, feelings and habits, must undergo
a severe scrutiny, and be subjected to a
hard discipline ; the careless ease, the light
hearted indifference to the morrow wo
cannot experience. The looking to shil
lings and pence, and all the sordid minu
tia of difficult economy is to be our com
panion as inseparable from our footsteps as
our shadow. I
Depth, fervor and animation belong un
doubtedly to the exercise of genuine re
ligion ; and it is difficult to conceive bow
a true and valid religious experience euould
exist in the soul without producing stronc
feelings. Nature seeks relief in the falling
tear. The mind indulges in touching re
flections on the vanity- of life ; and die
heart yearns for a re-union with the loved
and lost in a land where tears flow no
more and death is a stranger-J
Gen'l. Cass, (says an Albany cotempo-
rary ,) has lately been trying a bit of blarney
on the Irish, the next thing we expect
of him is, that like Senator Hale, he will
claim that his mother was an O Bnen.
The General is reported as saying at the
Congressional Banquet to Kossuth "Shall
we sit here blind folded, and see tyranny
prevailing in every region of the world?
No!" He has Uius become almost an I
rishmcn, to judge by this bull.
The New York Tribune remarks that Power'
statue of Eve was unbroken and unmarried, after
all the rough usage it has received." The typo
graphical error is "all in your i," Mr. Grcdey.
Lynn News. ;
A certain preacher having changed his relipion,
was much blamed by his laie associates. To ex
cuse himself, he eaid "be had seven reasons."'
Beii.g asked what they were, he rej lled, "A wifa
and six children."
" Poor fugitive 6lave Bill," saitl Mrs. partinw
ton, as her eyes ran over the morning papers, and
her quivering lips betrayed the agitation of he
mind poor fugitive 6lave Bill. I hope for my
boul they won't catch him I hoj t they won"
. .

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