page has errors
The date, title, or page description is wrong
This page has harmful content
This page contains sensitive or offensive material
Click "Submit" to request a review of this page.
0 / 75
Our friends of the Hillsboro' Recorder do
hot think it expedient for the Whig Con
vention to nominate a candidate for Gov
ernor who shall advocate a free Convention
to reform the Constitution. They close an
article on the subject, thus :
"But there is one position we are willing
to see the Whig party assume, and that is,
opposition to all amendment to the Consti
tution by Legislative enactment. If the Con
stitution must be amended, let it be done by
"These views are definite enough, we
think, and will present a "platform" upon
watch a "J Whigs can stand."
Now, notwithstanding there may be some
.difference of view between the Recorder
and the Patriot touching this thing, both
seem to be irresistibly driven to the same
conclusion. Both agree in "opposition to
all amendments of the Constitution by leg
1 islative enactment." But how is this to be
prevented? The Recorder's plan, we are
1 r, . . . . . , .J 1 w TrA.
leu lo presume, is iu ugwv uuu, ma ..v.-
cess of amendment, (as we ll as all amend
ments per se.) without having the question
mixed up in any way with a State canvass.
This wc regard as simply impracticable.
We see or think wc see' that amend
ments are inevitable, and desire that a bold
stand should at once be taken in a favor of
a Convention of the people to consider the
whole subject of Constitutional amendments.
"If the Constitution must be amended,"
says the Recorder, "let it be done by a Con
vention." So say we.
We are not responsible for the introduc
tion of this subject into the popular canvass
and the public councils; but the responsi
bility of citizenship, and of faithful journal
ists, require that we should endeavor to give
it direction towards a proper consummation.
While we agree in opinion with the Re
corder, as expressed in the forepart of the
article from which the above extract is taken,
that the question involved "should be con
fined entirely to the canvass for members of
the Legislature," yet we are fully aware that ,
the expression of our opinions will not con
fine it there.- Legitimate or not legitimate
ihp fact is. the ouestion is luinreo. into the
gubernatorial canvass, whether we Mill or
not. We have to take things as we find
them, not as we would have them, if we ar
rive at p.actical ends. In regard to this
matter of constitutional amendment, the
Governor, in his official capacity, indeed
"has no more power over it than a private
citizen." But in the process and act of his
election there is power a fact which has
been et foTth to the heart's content in the
case of Gov. Reid and " free suffrage. "
Small estimate as we may be disposed to
set upon the "power" of the Governor in
this respect, it were wise to reflect, that it
scared the last Legislature of North Caro
lina into a cocked hat, and is in a fair way
to scare up " amendments" for the next
half century, if net arrested by a successful
call for a free Convention.
Are the present and future generations to
stand all the time agape, and witness the
capers, or be run over by the race of hobbies
which David S. Reid has introduced upon
the turf? The Standard and some of its
coadjutorSjin view of the success of the "free
suffrage" hobby, have already led out anoth
er of the breed and begun to switch it round
election of judges and justices of the peace
by popular vote is to be the next Democratic
item of constitutional reform by legislative
enactment. Such are the intimations.
This hobby may be made to do good party
service for another four or six years ; and
ihere will be dd lack of successors of the
jsame sort up to the year of grace 1899.
Let us not be understood as making ob
jections to free suffrage, or to the election
of judicial officers by the people, or to a
..mKi r C m!iai a-ofVirma that TYlirrtit C
named. It is to the manner of effecting
them, by means of party and sectional ap-
pliancies, and without consulting the free
untrammelled will of the people, that we
object. And the present, we honcstly.be-
'heve, is the point of time to take the initia
tive in obtaining an expression of the popu
lar will. If we wait for a " proper time"
to suit all parties, and all sections, and the
ambitious spirits in the land who hold pecu
liar views, we may wait until doomsday.
None can be more sensible than ourselves
of the difficulties attending this matter ; but
we are in no way responsible for their in-
troduction ; we wisn to oDviaie mem De
fore they become insurmountable. We are
aware that our Democratic opponents chuc
kle over any prospect 'of division in the
Whig ranks ; but we much prefer to see
them chuckling now, over an honest ex
posure of difficulties which may be at once
confounded and surmounted, rather than
see them achieve an ultimate and perman
ent triumph in our good old Whig State.
We desire not to press this subject un
necessarily. It is more a duty than a plea
sure, to maintain our views in opposition to
those of friends ; but self-respect, and de
ference to the sentiment of the people with
in the range of our circulation, require it.
Devoted as anv to the interests of our party
-and State, wo do what we honestly believe
to be best for both. Greens Patriot.
Sam'I Williams, the colored man charged
with misdemeanor in giving notice to the
fugitive slaves about Christiana of the com
inr of the officers, which led to the murder
ami riot there, has lately been acquitted
by a verdict of the jury. Judge Kane, in
his charge to the jury, was quite severe up
,on Gov. Lowe, of Md., for the manner in
which he spoke of the late treason trials.
Tie prosecutions by the United States :n
relation to this affair have so far proved mere
smoke, and as no jury can be obtained in
Lancaster county to convict those charged
with the murdered, the same farce will be
IIuman-ity to Slaves. The New York Journal
, of Commtrce, in an article showing that slavehold
ers have hearts, asks:
How many of the revilcrs at the North are e
nnajly boneit, conscientious, and humane ? Not
niany.wearo rHrsiniiKd. Rev. Dr. Cox, rf Brook
lyn, publU-ly stated, a yearor two since, that a slave
- holdet in Nxth Carclina, whose hospitality Dr. C.
- was enjoying, off red him all his graves, one hun
, tired and tweatfy in number, on condition that he
.would take the responsibility of placing them in cir-
cngieta'jces more favorable to their happiness and
moral. welfare than those in which he foond them.
Dri Cesdid not venture it well knowing that their
. moraland njigipna iuterests, a well as their phys
. ical comfort, were sedulously rared for 'by their
riiaetor;anl that he retained them more for their
laket)ian his own. The master was rich, and al
- WHIG MEETING.
At a meetinsr of the citizens of Rowan,
held at the Court House in Salisbury,
February 3d, 1852, Dr. J. G. Ramsey was
called to the Chair, and L. Blackmer, Lsq
was appointed Secretary. The object of
the meeting was stated by the Chair, after
which Mr. tsovden and Mr. Jones respon
ded to calls made for them, and addressed
the meeting- eloouentlv and ably, when
the followinsr Resolutions were read and
Whereas, it has been decided that
Convention shall be held at Raleigh on the
4th Monday of April next, that being the
26th day of the month, for the purpose of
nominating a Whig Uandidate r tne oi
fice of Governor of the State of North Car
olina at the coming election, and for the
transaction of whatever other business may
be necessary to ensure the success of Whig
. . r . . - . . t t
principles in the fctate ana tne union;
Resolved, That we, the Whigs of Row
an county, heartily concur in the proprie
ty and expediency of holding the proposed
Convention, and that we will be represen
ted in the same.
Resolved, That the following persons be
appointed as Delegates to represent us in
said Convention, viz: Nathaniel Boyden,
Luke Blackmer, W lley Bean, John K
Graham, Levi Trexler, A J. Fleming, I-
saac Ribiin, Jacob File, jr. Ivy Miller,
Ruckner CrowelL Abrani Lentz, A. H.
Caldwell, J. G. Ramsey, John Foard, J
G. Fleminsr, Robert Harriss, M. Holmes,
Alexander Buis, D. B. Wood, H. L. Rob-nrds.-H.
C. Jones. C. L. Portee, James
Gibson, G. R. Johnson, J. Thomason, Dr
Resolved, That in the selection of a Can
didale for Governor of this State, our Dele
gates be requested to use all proper exer
tions to secure an individual, who snail oe
favorably known to the people of the State
and acceptable to the Whigs of the whole
State a man at once, honest, capable,
and true to the interests of the fctate and U
nion and one who shall be able and wil
ling to snatch the vonsrutution rrom the
hands of demagogues and political capital
ists, and submit it to an opfti and free
Convention of the people for revision and
Resolved, That our Delegates be autho
rized, if they shall deem' it expedient upon
conference with other Delegates present at
said Convention from this Congressional
District, and from the whole State, to. ap
point one Delegate for this District and two
Delegates for the Stale at large, to meet in
National Convention to nominate candi
dates for the Presidency and Vice Presi
dency of the United States.
Resolved, That the prudence, energy,
and patriotism, which have marked the of
ficial conduct of Millard Fillmore
thiouffhout the eventful crisis which has oc
curred during his Administration, impress
upon our minds the grateful conclusion that
. r . . Ti 1-. 1 . 11 J
he is a man especially quannea to nit au
rinjr another term, that office to which he
has been called by a mournful dispensation
Resolved, That it is with feelings of un
minsled pride and smtitude, that we cor
dially endorse the unanimous nomination
of North Carolina, and ot meetings m ma
ny of the Stales of the Union, of North Car
olina's favorite son Wm. A. Graham, for
the office of Vice President, and that we re
commend him to the Whigs of the Union,
as a Statesman, Patriot, Scholar and Gen
tlaman, in every way qualified to fill that
Resolved, That notwithstanding the acts
passed at the last session of Congress, com
monlv known as the "Compromise Meas
ures," have not secured to the South every
thing that we desire, yet in the true spirit
of concession, we consider, and will obey
them as a final setdement of the vexed
question of Slavery: and while we congrat
ulate the friends of the Union upon the is
sue, and exhort them to follow our exam
ple, we warn fanatics to beware and to re
member that "there is a point beyond which
endurance ceases to be a virtue," and that
we especially demand that the Fugitive
Slave law shall be literally executed, with
out a repetition of those murderous and
treasonable hindrances which have here
tofore so disgracefully marked its enforce
ment. J. G. RAMSEY, Chairman.
L. Blackmer, Sec'ry.
WHIG MEETING IN BLADEN.
We learn that according to previous ar
rangement the 'Whigs of old Bladen held an
enthusiastic meeting in Elizabeth on Mon
day evening last; John Smith, Esq. presided,
and John A. Richardson acted as Secretary.
Col. J. G. McDougald, from the commit
tee appointed for that purpose, introduced
a series of resolutions for the consideration
of the meetins. A decided preference for
Jillmore and Graham, as candidates for the
Presidency and Vice Presidency, was ex
pressed, and the-Compromise was endorsed.
No nomination was . made for Governor, but
the meeting pledged itself to support the
nominee of the Whig Convention; the meet
ir g declared in favor of a District Conven
tion to nominate "Delegates; an 'Elector.&c.
Thirty Delegates were' appointed to attend
the WhigfConvention which will assemble
in Raleigh on the 26th April next.
The meeting was addressed by.Col. J. G.
McDougald and John A. Richardson, "Esq.
of Bladen, James Banks, of Fayetteville.and
T. J. Morisey, of Robeson.
The following are the resolutions :
Wmppras. we believe that the -prosper
ity of North Carolina is mainly depend
ent upon the zeal and accustomed devo
hnn nf the Whkr party to her welfaie : and
for the successful operation of her vast re
sources wc are convinced, and that from
practical effects, that unity and harmony
in our party are indispensable : And where
as, the elections of this year are of great
JntPi-Pst to every Whiff of North Carolina,
believing as we do that it is now full time
to rescue this good ana uueotu oiaus uum
administration and to confide
it as heretofore to the majority of her free
men, as decreed by mat grana con
ctiriif'innnl nrovision of our ancestors : -
And deeming it expedient, to accomplish
these objects, that there should ne a nuig
State Convention : Therefore it is
Resolved, firstly, That we heartily ap
prove the holding of a Whig State Con
vention at Raleigh, on Monday the 26di
day of April next.
"Resolved, secondly, That the Chair
man of this meeting appoint thirty dele
gates to attend said Convention.
Resolved, thirdly, That it is inexpedi
ent to express any preference for a Candi
date for Governor, but we pledge our unit
ed energy to the support of the nominee
of a well constituted Convention.
Resolved, fourthly, That inasmuch as
the purposes of the Convention are to nom
inate a candidate for Governor, and to ap
point two delegates to attend the Whig
National Convention, we recommend to
our friends the propriety of holding district
conventions to appoint delegates and Al
ternates to the Whig National Conven
tion. Resolved, fifthly, That while we much
deplore the great excitement and dissatis
faction which prevailed among our breth
ren in afl parts of our now happy country
in relation to the "Compromise measures"
of the last Cougress, we cheerfulty approve
them, and will use all honorable means to
defend them and preserve our glorious
Resolved, sixthly, That in Millard Fill-
.more, we view at once the Republican,
the devoted supporter of the laws and the
Constitution, and the noble and . enlight
ened American Statesman. We cordially
approve his Administration, and take pride
in respectfully recommending him to our
fellow citizens of the Union as eminently
our first choice for the next Presidency.
Resolved, seventhly, Thai in William
A. Graham, our most, gifted fellow citizen
we recognise the faithful public servant,
the true Patriot, and conservative and in
telligent Statesman. And we hail his
name, and recommend him to our breth
ren in every section of the Union as our
first and last choice for the .Vice '-Presidency.
The Virginia papers publish the An
nual Report of the Board of Public works
to the Legislature. Many portions of it
present strong views on this important sub
ject. The State has commenced a series
of important works, and the mam onject
sought to be attained by the Report, is to
stimulate her people to consummate these
schemes, and thus aid in developing the
immense resources which now lie slumber
ing at their feet.
The Report states that 678 miles of rail
roads have been already completed, and
that 637 miles are now under contract.
The capital stock of the railroad compa
nies amounts to $16,117,100, in which
the State has an interest of $7,364,433,33.
Besides her railroads, the State has 872
miles of canals already constructed. The
Report then proceeds to trace out the va
rious lines of improvement completed and
projected shows the vast benefits which
must inevitably flow from the completion
of our gigantic system, and urges the peo
ple to strain every nerve towards the at
tainment of an object every way so desir
able and important. .
The Report ropreeenta t1r rrpdir of iRiy
State in the markets of the world to be
good, and its hoods as selling at a premi
um. By developing her great resources,
means are afforded to meet all the liabili
ties incurred, and to progress in continued
wealth and greatness.
The Norfolk papers complain that the
Committee on Roads and Internal Naviga
tion have agreed upon a Report excluding
Norfolk entirely from the project before
them. Virginia is a churlish mother to
Norfolk. We think the Old North State
would cherish her, did she belong to us.
GRANTS OF LAND.
A hill orantinsr 1,800,000 acres of land
to Iowa, to aid in the construction of rail
ways through the State., was under discus
sion in the United States Senate a few days
since. Mr. Underwood offered an amend
ment to the bill making provision for the
old States as follows : urantrng to tne
State of Maine, 5S3,040 acres ; New-
Hampshire, 317,750 ; Vermont, 313,920:
Massachusetts, 994,340 ; Rhode Island,
147,520 : Connecticut, 370,560 ; New
York, 3,097,280 ; New Jersey, 4S9,2S0 ;
Pennsylvania, 2,311 ,680 ; Delavare,90,
560 ; Maryland, 546,880 ; Virginia., 1
231,6S0 ; North Carolina, 753,286 ; South
Carolina. 514.240 : Georgia, 763,2S0 :
Tennessee, 906,660, and Kentucky, 897.,-9-20
nrres. The amendment proposes to
give to the several States the disposition of
the lands', but provides that no portion of
them shall be sold at a less price than
$'1,25 per acre, and it reserves to the Unit
ed States the right of mail and war trans
portation, free of toll, over all improve
ments that shall be constiucted through
Innrli jlfvisprl bv those grants.
Mr. Underwood explained somewhat
in detail the object he had in view in of
fering the amendment, and while he thought
the n-orosed erants no more than common
justice to the old States, in view of the lib
eral grants that had nereioiore, and weie
constantly being made, to the new States ;
he conceived it to be ,of paramount inter
est to the government to make them, and
thus extend the hand of encouragement
to the spirit of enterprise and,progiess which
was. everywhere distinguishing our coun
try from all the.other nationsof the world.
Ole Bull's Missiox to the United
States. We see it stated that one of
the objects of Ole Bull's visit to this
country.is in relation to a lawsuit he had
in this city, and which has recently been
decided, erowingr out .of difficulties which
took place some years ago, when he was
in this country before, between hirnsen
and a music bookseller, in.reference to, his
management. -Hon. Reverdy Johnson
was his counsel, and he visits here for the
purpose, qf settling the Affair. He returns
about May or June to Bergen, in Norway,
where he is the proprietor of a new thea
tre, and where he has obtained from the
government authority to introduce dramat
ic performances nv the Norwegian lan
guage. Bait. Sun.
ARRIVAL OF STEAMER NIAGARA.
THREE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
It is announced that the Constitution of
France will be promulgated between the
15th and 20th to ailow time for the publi
cation of the most important organic laws.
The Moniteur publishes thenew Con
stitution. As indicated in the 'proclama
tion the President is to be the responsible
Governor, for ten years. Justice is to be
dispensed in his name. He has the initia
tion of all laws, and the right of pardon
ing commands the land and sea forces;
declares war, and makes treaties; appoints
all functionaries. The oath required from
all public officers is, "I swear obedience
to the Constitution, and fidelity to the
In the case of the death of the Presi
dent, the Senate convokes the people for
a new election. The President being en
titled by secret deed to designate the citi
zen who merits the confidence of the peo
ple.' V ' . '
The papers are filled with accounts ot
the removal of prisoners sent to Cayenne,
Among them are two additional represent
atives. Eight political prisoners had been
transferred to Toulon.
The forts previouoiy occupied by the na
tional Guards are now guarded by troops
from tho Seine.
A decree has been issued declaring that
within three days the property of abscond
ing insurgents would be sequestrated.
The London Times announces that Na
poleon is about to strengthen his position by
matrimonial allinnce with a Swedish
Princess, the daughter of Oscar, and the
ughter on the mothers side of
eauharnoiSr She is 22year3 of
Nothingnew has transpired in England,
and although the approaching prorogation
bf-Earliament excited some attention, the
affaiiof-France were the general topics of
Vienna, Jan. 12. The Emperor has
ordered that in all royal decrees he is to be
styled "His Imperial, Royal, Apostolic
The coronation of Francis Joseph takes
place early in the Spring.
The Charge D'AfTaifes of the United
States, and the '- Turkish Ambassador and
Swiss Envoy were not invited to a ban
quet given by the first Minister of the
The Danish Government has yielded to
the demands of Austria and Russia respec
ting the Duchies, and the question is set
tled, subject to the ratification of the Cham
bers, Liverpool Jan. 17. Brown & Ship
ley's Circular, of the 16 th, says that a large
business has been done in Cotton since
the sailing of the last steamer. Sales of
the week 40,900 to speculators 4,370
bales; for export 2,S 10.
Paris, Jan. 16. It is rumored '-that the
Moniteur this day will contain the namesof
the Senators to-morrow thoseof the.Couu
cil of State and on Sunday the Electoral
It is supposed that the age required to
entitle a man to vote will be varied from 20
The National Guards have delivered up
their uniforms quietly.
Emiile Girardin has been ordered to
leave Paris, He proceeds to London via
Belgium, - :
A remarkable change has taken place in
the price of French bullion. Gold coin at
Paris had readied par.
It is said that the President styles him
self Prince President.
The new constitution does not give per
fect satisfaction, !
The President disapproves of the Mini?
ler of War giving Generals Changarnicr,
Lamoricier, and La Flockta, pensions du
ring their exile,
Madrid, Jan. 10. The French ci,i
zens have had a te deum performed in the
Church of St. Louis on the receipt of the
news of the elecnon of Napoleon.
The Spanish Government intends to re
move from Madrid a number of General
officers who have given umbrage to the
Berlin, Jan. 13. The Old Council of
State was agam revived yesterday by roy
al decree. ;
Freedom in Dress Dieu it mon Droit.
Fourteen ladies of this city have issued a
manifesto claiming for their ses; the right to
wear the " Bloomer costume" without the
penalty of being guyed in the public streets.
"So far we are with them. To hiss and hoot
a lady, whether in pantaloons or petticoats,
is not merely unmanly, !mt riillianly. The
document, which is entitled " An Appeal
to the American Public for the Freedom of
American Women,J' takes very high ground..
It soars far above buttons, although not a
bove fustian. The following is a pattern of
the latter article, which will serve as a sam
ple of the whole piece j
" We assert humbly, yet firmly, that we
wear the improved dress in obedience to
conscience and common sense, and that
we are not only ready to live for the prin
ciple of freedom for which our fathers lived
and died, but to die for it also, if need
be.". ':. "
After giving " Kossuth and Hungary" a
"slap," and insinuating that there is a
" mob of Ilaynaus" in this city; the ladies
wind up with the old crusading mottoGod
and the right!' to which we beg to append
an emphatic yet respectful ditto. ,
N. Y. Sunday Messenger.
Arrest of Gen. Carvajal. A cor
respondent of the New Orleans Picayune
states that Major Lamotte, at present com
mander of the post at Fort Ringgold, Was
to leave there about the 17th ult., on a
scout, with ordere to arrest Carvajal and
disperse his meu, wherever found. It is
supposed that Carvajal has not over 400
men with him, but Col. Ford, with up
wards of 1,000 men and two twelve-pound
howitzers, was daily expected to join him.
Col. Harney, however, was so disposing
his troops, as to command all the ferries
and crossing places.
Philadelphia, .February Tlie jury in the
cage of Samuel YVilliaras, a negro engaged in the
Chrietiana outrage, have acquitted him.
ARRIVAL OF STEAMER EUROPA.
SEVEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE .
Halifax, Feb. 0. The steamer Eu
ropa arrived at her wharf at 12 o'clock to
night, bringing dates from Liverpool to
the 24th of January, being seven days
later than those by the .Niagara.
Demoney and Fould have left 'the" min
istry, and were replaced by De Persigney
A new Minister had been formed, called
the Minister of State.
By a decree, the New Orleans family
cannot possess property of any description
in France, and are bound to sell what
they ho v possess within one year.
Another decree cancels Louis Philippe's
donation to his children, and appropriates
it to other purposes.
These decrees are countersigned by the
new Minister of State, Casabianca.
The Duchess of Orleans' dowry' of
.JUljUUU rrancs is cont:ni'cu.
The French Minister of War has acce
ded to GenCavaignac'sdemand, and pla
ced him on fhe retired list of the army.
The ex-representatives not comprised in
the decrees of bauisiiment, have been au
thorised to return to their homos.
The great bodies of State are to wear
particular dresses. Those of the Council
of State) Senate and legislative bodies will
be rich, and lesenible what was worn un
der the Empire.
It is said that the second, if not third at
tempt on President Napoleon's life has
been made, and that an officer had snapped
his pistol at him as his carriage was com
ing out of the Carousal. The rumor was
rife in Paris, with all the details, and also
that the wife of an ex-Prefect had attemp
ted to poignard him. ;
In England there has been a complete
hill of political news. Parties arc advan
cing respectively for a trial of strength that
must take place between Lord John Rus
sell and -Parliament..'.-''
The London journals are in a state of
perturbation respecting the national defen
ces, sus'frestinn' various resources and modes
of defence in case of an invasion.
The Morning Chronicle is surprised that
the. nation have so long disregarded the ne
cessity which exists of availing itself of their
nieaps of protection.
Another journal argues the propriety of
recalling ships and S teamers on service a
broad. The American Minister, his lady and
daughter, left town on 'Saturday for Paris,
to be absent a few davs. Mr-Davis" re-
mains as Charge d 'A Hairs of the United
States during the absence of Mr. Law
rence. The near approach of the meeting of
Parliament had given an impetus to the
demand for the Reform Bill. Meetings
had been held at Manchester, Leeds, and
other towns, in its efforts to improve the po
litical franchise. These demonstrations
were not very remarkable for spirit.
The Manchester meeting on the 24tli was
the most important. electoral demonstration
held in connection with the subject.
.o.-Utt friiv... ...ri..:.. !. .i. .
metropolis is in quite as absurd and aiioma
lousstate as 1 .ancashire with -'regard to repre
sentation. London,-, with -a pfi'pnlaiinn of
two millions and a half, onlv sends
members to the House of Commons, in
cluding the metropolitan boroughs.
.'.-: ','.' SPAIX.
. There had been sexeral executions of
military officers at Madrid, and tranquility
was restored. .
Stringent measures h.i ye been enforced
to destroy the liberty of the Spanish press.
Efforts have been made by the Court
party of Prussia, to abrogate the constitu
tion, although the proposal to the effect of
restoring high monarchical principles fail
ed by a vote of 157 to 123. The result
of the vote is regarded as rather discoura
ging than otherwise, and new projects are
The Prussian Gazette cf tho 18th; of
January says that Prince Schwartzenberg
had been indisposed for some days. He
was struck with appopl exy on the 14th.
Serious consequences were apprehended.
Prince 'Mefternich had appeared at one
of the balls gi ven by the Arch Duchess So
phia,, mother of the Emperor.
THE MARKETS .
Liverpool., Jmi.Mi. The Cotton mar
ket, for the last three da s, has been very
buoyant, and prices have turned in favor
of sellers, with an advance of about 1-16
on middling, qualities.- Sales of the week
41,000 bales. Speculators took 2,300,
and exporters 3,400. The sales on the
23d were 8,000 bales, 1,500 of which were
The Peach A.D Other Fruit Crops - The
New York '.Journal of Commerce says it is feared
that tho pencil anJ other fruit crops huve suffered
severely tlirouc'hnot the country from the lute colj
weather, and that, in many fnsta rice's, pach-buds in
particular appear to be deadened at the germ.
The Senate of Mississiiti has postponed to the
iGth instant the consideration of a joint resolution
to so into an election to fill the vacancy which will
occur in the representation of the State in the Sen
ate of the United State on the 4th of March, 1S53.
The Public Treasurer, D, V. Courts, Esqr., ad
vortises that sealed proposals will be received at
his office in Raleiph, until the 8th of March next.
for the purchase of 30,000 woitli'e.f u,imis, issued
by the S ate of North Carolina, in conformity with
an Act of the General Assembly ratified Jann:ny
28lh, 1851, the interest on which will be payable
semi-a nulla lly on the first '..Monday of January and
July, nd the principal at I he end of 10 years. Per
son's bidding will endorse their letters proposals
for State Mocks."
A Fight in the Capitol. It seems
that on the Clh instant, immediately after
the ailjoumment of the Senate, Mr. Ken
nedy, the Superintendent of the Census,
approached Senator Borland, and sharp
words ensued, which ended in a disgrace
ful conflict, during which, it is said, the
Hon. Senator fractured the Superintend
ent's nose. Several Senators and others
then interfered, and prevented further dif
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun.
Washington, Feb. 5th, 1852.
We have IiatI a very animating tliscus
sioh on the public printing in the Senate
Mr. Smith, ''.of Connecticut, insisted on
purifying the 'contract- system and spoke a
gainst having the job given out by the
committee, and the performance of the
work superintended by the Secretary of
the Interior. Upon which Mr. Badger
rose, and made a most masterly argument,
interspersed with so much wit, sarcasm,
and humor as completely pulverised Mr
Smith's voluminous speech ; showing
himself thereby not only a great atomistic
philosopher, but also a practical man, and
a man above the mere pettifogging of
F'ty. .'',.' :-:
Mr. Badger said, with great justice, that
he, as a gentleman, would not go to the
lowest bidder when he wanted a thing done
for himself, and he had no idea of having
the government do worse. This idea of
doing every thing by contract, and giving
the contract to the low est bidder, may yet
be applied by the advocates of economy,
to the Presidency itself. Let u3 give
the office to the lowest bidder to the man
who will serve for the least money . Would
not this be an admirable contrivance and
would not the men who talk for Buncombe
become immensely popular, by advocating
the system of retrenchment ? Are there no
papers that do advertising cheaper than the
Baltimore Sun? And yet. is not the ad
vertising in the Sun the cheapest, never
theless ; because it furnishes more copies
and reaches more readers. There is no
absolute price for anything, and the gov
ernment may pay a prompt apd responsi
ble pat ty twenty thousand dollars more
than to an ordinary contractor, and drive
the best, bargain with him, if the work be
properly executed and furnished at a prop
In the House Mr. Dunham spoke, on
the public lands an almost interminable
discussion, I fear, and one which is calcu
lated to make some ill bljod.
The tariff will have a trial, you may de
pend on it, on the basis of the amendments
suggested by Senator James. If his dem
ocratic amendments pass, you may look
on the tariff question as forever settled ;
for Pennsylvania once satisfied, there is no
danger of any other State disturbing the
revenue laws. There are those, "n 'he
House, I know, who call Pennsylvania an
agricultural State ; but that wont do.-
The whole State has but 15 counties de
void of mineral-,. riches' The fact is that
Pennsylvania is getting a little clamorous
about .the ."'sacrifices '.she has made to her
cardinal points of faith.
Said the stump speakers during the' Big-. .
ler canvass : " If Johnson is elected, what
can he do for the tariff ? : If he comes
down to Washington' and asks the South
to consider, Pennsylvania ' iron, the South
with reply ; -'What have you done wiih
that bill, -which you put in your po-.kct,
opening the prisons of the State to the fu
gitives from labor?" " What then," said
the man on the stump, "could Johnston
say to that ? But if Bigler is elected he
can sliow a clean record, and an 'abidance
by th constitution j to him the South will
Pennsylvania will soon have an oppor
tunity of ascertaining' ti e truth of-. all she
ever heard on tlie stump. -She has always
l-i.t trrtnt ii:inv : J'fi ft iilit cr st.'l t eSlltOH -
' -r . .' '" X
"Soi.idakitk." This is a faVorhe word
of -Kossuth's. It is French, and has not
yet found its Way into our dictionaries. It
expresses generally that' the life of man is
.-hoi. exclusively the life of an individual,
but a life which -he possesses jointly with
his ra ce, 1 1 lat men live in solido , sold e red
together. in one, if' we may say so; - that
each man is an indivisible indissoluble of
the life of all men, and all men are indi
visible parts of each man. St. Paul gives
its meaning thus; "For, as we have many
members in one body, so we, being many,
a re one body in Christy and even" one
members one of another." See also E
phes., iv , 25, and other places. No word
in English conveys what is expressed by
"soldarite." or "soldarity," as it is now
generally printed. With this definition
the reader will readily apprehend what is
meant by (he solidarity of nations, now of
ten used. -' -. : ' - ' ' - - ':: -; - -' ' :.
Cor.oRKU Mkchamcs. A biil to pro
hibit colored mechanics, or masons being
slaves, or free persons of color being me
chanics or masons, from making contracts
for the erection of buildings, &c, has been
introduced by Mi. Woolsey into the lower
House of the Alabama Legislature.
Piiii.A dei.pii i a , Feb. 5-9 P . M .-The
Democratic County Convention met his
aftctnoon, nt Northern Liberty Hall, Al
derman Rambo presiding, when a gran d
scene of coi. fusion ensued.
After electingdelegates to the Stale Con
vention, a resolution was offered instruct
ing the delegates of the county to vote in
conveution in favor of Jiewis Cass. An a
mendment was then introduced substil u
tinr Buchanan's name.
The Chair put the vote on the amend
ment, viva voce, and declared it carried,
and the resolution, as amended, carried,
amid much disturbance.
The question of ad journment was also
put, and pronounced to be carried, when
the officers retreated out of the back win
dow in order to escape the excited multi
tude. In the efforts of the Cassites to haul
back the president, to have the question on
the resolution regularly taken, the whole
skirt of his coat was taken off.
Subsequently a majority of the conven
tion re-organised Mr. Wm. Buyerly in
the chair. The Cass resolution was
then adopted unanimously.
The members of the Convention, when
elected, were principally Buchananites, but
dissatisfaction at the Governor's appoint
ments is believed to have changed their
views in opposition to Pennsylvania's fa
The French Spoliation. It is said the pros
pect is fair that some favorable action ii likely' to
take place this session of Cong-ress in relation to
the French spoliation prior te 1801.
D" See advertisement for Agents for History
of the llunsirian War and Life; of Kossuth.
California. -The location of the seat
of Government is involved in as deep mys
tery as ever the partisans of San Joso
and Vallejo sparing no exertion on either
side to secure it. On the 30:h ult. . a meet
ing consisting of forty-one members elect
to the Legislature, was held in San Fran
cisco, for tho purpose of consulting togeth
er as to tho place where' the next Legisla
ture should be held when the question
was decided in favor of Yallejoj by a ma
jority of 28 to 13. But as the wholemeet
ing did not constitute one half of the mem
bers of the Legislature, it is impossible, of
course, to Consider that vote as setting the
question at-rcst. j
The claimants to contested sea's in the
Logislature, must, of course, await the
action of that body upon their respective
cases. ' ' ' "
The Democratic party is torn asunder
by dissensious, and from the animosity ex
hibited on both sides, there is little prospect
of a union amongthem. One portion, who
come principally from New York, were
anxious to have a preponderance for their
section by the choice of delegates to a State
Convention, to be held shortly, for the ap
point int-nl of delegates to the Democratic
iXalional Convention anil fur the nomina
tion of candidates for Electors of President
and Vice President while the other party
who hail from more Southern States, were
influenced by sinrilar motives. Both par
ties are unyielding, and both will send del
egates to the State Convention .San Fran
cisco Pic. Jan. 1st. 1
IMPORTANT FHOM LIBERIA.
Bosto.v, Feb. 5. By an arrival to
day, we have dates from; Liberia to De
cember 11), which are of tlie most disires3
ing character. j
Affairs at Grand Bassa are in a most de
plorable condition, in an attack upon
Fishtown, the Chief Grando was joinet
by Prince Boyer, of Tradetown. Ilia
force was to the number of 300, and they
came stealthily on the town at midnight,
surprising the garrison. Nine of tie in:
habitants were massacred,' the town sack
ed and burned. The" bodies of their vip
lims were shockingly mutilated. The en?
tire Bassa .country had joined in the rebell
The foreigners, and especially the En
alish traders are implicated in this outrage.
An English trader, named Lawrence, it is.
saidopenly aided in the attack.
On the 15th of November another at
tack was made on the Cove, when the epT
emy was repulsed with a loss of 40 killed,
among whom were several leading chiefs,
It, was expected that Giandp would soon
be captured, as a large force was organis
ing to attack him. j
The Legislature assembled on the 1st
of December, when President Roberts
was inaugurated, and delivered his annu
al message. lie had been re-elected, wjth
Aivhony D. Williams, Vice President,
for two years from the date of their elec
tion, . ;
The accounts from the emigrants are
highly flattering. Great prosperity and
good health prevails in the colony.
Tiir, Au.i.oiOf.nu. A.ii) OutJA.
The House of Representatives last week
gave .a signal approval cf the policy cf the
Administrating -.-toward .Cuba,and"it is to
be presumed that the Senate will o"oso the
first 'opportunity and one will soon occur.
Mr. Bayly, the chairman of the com
mittee on' Foreign Relations, reported a
bi'l providing -6.000 lo bring home the
P.mipeio prisoners, now in Spain; tp
which another member of the same party
(Mr. Carttcr, of 0j0y added !
"Provided, '..That nothing in this act
shall be construed into a approbation of
any inference in the domc affairs of
Cuba by any of the citizens ( (jie un;teci
States." : v. - x . '
The amendment was carried i.cg 91
noes 71 in a vote pretty well diviu ajf
over the United States. j
The propriety of this amendment is it
in the force of the fact that if pur Govern
ment gives $6,000 to bring back criminals
now in a foreign country, though citizens
of the United Slates, their crime ought to
be reprobated. Besides, it was but a fair
compliment to the generosity and liberality
of the Queen of Spain for the United States
to say, in return for her kindness to the
prisoner, that the United States condemn
ed their conduct. . 1
Mr. Fillmore, Mr. Webster,1 and others,
have been bitterly as-sailed in some quar
ters for their Cuba policy; but this proviso
approves their acts, in repressing the expe
ditions started here in New York and in
Savannah and their efforts so to do in
New Orleans, in-which, however, they
were frustrated owing to the faithlesness of
officers subsequently removed.! In short
the House of Representatives sanctions the
Cuba course of the Administration. For
if these men were not making themselves
"outlaws,' ' as Mr. Fillmore pronounced
they would be if they entered upon such
piratical expeditions, why disclaim approv
al of their conduct; why refuse to bring
home "patriots," as some named iln ni,
without condemnation of such "patriotism"
as they were said to have? I
The amendment of Mr. Cartter was a
very proper and a very happy one; and
this signal of condemnation by the House
of Representatives of such forays as those
on Cuba will, we trust, aid in teaching the
turbulent spirits, too numerous in our kuuL
that if what they would be guilty of is not
"piracy," technically speaking, at least it
is not "patriotism," such as they have
been taught m many quarters such forayp
are. Ar. Y. Express.
New Orleans, Feb. 4. The Massachusetts
negroes, who were atrsted at Galve.-ton, Texas, a
few weeks since, fur attempting to abduct a slave,
havp been convicted and sentence J to be sold into
slavery. ; 1
Gov. Ujahzy's Daughters, who, are
hiehlv educated, and were raised in the
most refined society , it is said, may be seen
daily al work in tlie cornfield with a hoe,
on their farm, at New Buda, Iowa.
T"h lnw nffire. of Senator Dickin-
son, at Binghamton, N. Y., with nearly
all his papers and correspondence, was de
stroyed by a fire a few days ago. j