R. t. WYNNE, Publisher.
C. C. RABOTEAU, Editor.
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ORATION OP DANIEL WEBSTER.
"Thi irrpnt oration was delivered before
the New York Historical Society, in favor
of the birth day o f Washington. Our space
will not allow us to give it entire but we
present the concluding portions which are
more especially applicable to die present
condition of the country: v
Gentlemen. I will not believe that the
ancient commonwealth of Massachusetts,
can ever depart from her true character.
I think it impossible. But should she be
left to forgetfulness of herself, and all that
lielongslo her, should she temporarily .or
permanently stray away from he paths of
her ancient patriotism, should she, which
heaven avert, be willing to throw off her
original and all American .nantle to dis-!
robe herself, in the presence of the world,
of all her nationality of tchttfacter, there
are others who would eagerly seize that
mantle, and who would show themselves
capable of wearing it with grace, dignity,
and power. I need not say here Where
those others are to be found. I am iii the
city in which Washington first took upon
himself the administration of the Govern
ment, I am near the spot on which all
hearts and all hopes were concentrated in
1789. I bring the whole scene with all
Its deep interests, before me. I see the
crowds that fii I and throng the streets, I
see the ten thousand faces, rthfcious to look
on him to whose wisdom, prudence artd
patriotism the destinies of the country tire
committed. I see the august form, I be
hold the serene face of Washington.;
I observe his reverent manner, when he
rises in the presence of a countless multi
tude, and, looking up with religious awe
to Heaven, solemnly swears before that
multitudinous assembly,- nnd before Him
that sitteth on the circle of the Heavens,
(hat'he will support the Constitution! of his
country 6o help him God!
And I hear shouts and acclamations
(hat fill the air, 1 see outpouring tears of
joy and hope, I see men clasping each
other's hands, and I hear them exclaim,
"we have at last a country ; we have a
Union,; and m that Uniou isslrength. We
have a government, able to keep us to
gether; and we have a Chief Magistrate an
abject of confidence, attachment, and love
to us all."'
Citizens1 Of New YoK, men of this g
Aration, is there any thiug which warms
your heart more' than these recollections?
Or can you contemplate' the unparalleled
growth of your city in 'population-, and all
human blessings, without feeling that the
spot is hallowed and the hour consecrated,
where' and when your career of prosperity
&nd happiness began?
But, gentlemen, my heart would sink
within me, and voice and' spBecl would
ciejtort Ironv iner if I were com pelted to be
titttf that your fidelity to the Constit ution
e-f thi" eoiwrtry, signal and unquestioned
A it isy euld ever exceed that of the State
-frvfuoste" soil was moistened by the blood of
the first martyrs ki the cause of liberty,
And whose hisfory has been characterised1
from the beginning by their zealous antl
uniform stfpport of the principles of YTash
fngton. The first Congress snt from the fih day
of September to life- twenty sixth of Oct.,
and k then dissolved. Its whole proceed
ings are embraced in forty-nine pages, but
these few pages contain the substance and
original form and pressure of our American
Liberty. Its principal papers are: an ad
dress to the people of Great Britain, writ
fen by John Jay; a memorial to the inhab
itants of the British Colonies, written by
William Livingston; an address to the
King, wriUen by John Adams, corrected
by John Dickinson, an address to the in
habitants of Quebec, written by John Dick
inson, A re thre vouno men before me who
wish to leaxn to imitate the spirit of their
$nciE5toi!9 who vish" to live and breathe in
that spirit, who desire that every pulsation
f tkeir heerts, and every aspiration of their
ambition shall be American and nothing
but American? Let them master the con
tents of the immortal papers of the first
Congress; and fully imbue themselves with
Tho errant I rfird Chatham snoke of this
assembly in terms which have caused my
heart to uhm ana my eyes to oe rotnsieu-
ed whenever I recollect them, from my
first reading of them to this present hour:
((Wtion iron lnivlsliirw limlr nt tliA na.
pers transmitted us froui America; when
you consider their decency, firmness, and
wisdom, you cannot but respect their cause,
and wish to make it your own. For my
wlffmnsi. declare and avow, that in all
mv readin0" and observation, and it has
Been mv favorite stuuv. I nave read
rL,lan.T71 ;,1o o nrl Iinvn Rt iidied and adini
JL IIUUIUO, uw . .
red the master states of the world, that for
solidity of reasoning, force of sagacity, and
wisdom of conclusion, under such a com
plication or dirnsult circin nances,- no na
donor body of men, can stand in prefer
ence to the general Congress at Philndel-
pma. I trust it is odvious io your xoru
ships, that all attempts to impose servitude
upon such men, to estaDiisn aesponsm o
ver such a mighty continental nation, must
be vain, must be fatal. "We shall he forc
ed ultimately to retract ; let us redact
while we can, not when We' musL
This first Congress, for trie ability which
it manifested, the principles which it-' pro
claimed, and the characters of those who
composed it, makes tth illustrious- chapter
in our American History; Its members
should be regarded not only individually,
but as in a group: they should be viewed
as living pictures exhibiting young Amer
ica, as it then was., and when the 6eeds of
its public destiny were beginning to start
to life," well described by our early motto
as beirig full of energy and prospered by
"Non sine Disj animosus Infans."
Some of the members of this Congress
have lived to my time, and I have had the
honor of seeing and knowing them, and
there are those in this assembly, doubtless,
who have beheld (hetately form of Wash
ington and looked upon the mud and in
telligent face and heard the voice of John
Formvself, I love to travel back in lmagi-
inniion. to nlace nivselfin the midst of this
assembly, this union of greatness, and pa- j
triotism, and to contemplate, as if 1 had
witnessed, its profound deliberations and
its masterly exhibitions, both of the rights
and of the wrongs of the country.
I may not dwell longer on this animat
ing-ana encnanting picture. anouier
grand picture succeeds it, and that is; the
Convention which framed ine oonstitution j
the spirited debates in the Stales, by the it
blest men of those States, Upon its adop
tion, and,- flriftlly,- the organization of the
first Congress, filled by the gray haired
men of the Revolution, and younger and
vigorous patriots, and lovers of liberty, and
Washington frfmself in the principal cnair
of State, surrounded by his heads of De
partment, selected from those who enjoyed
the greatest portion of his own regard, and
stood high in the esteem' of their country.
INeither Xenophon nor lhucydiues,
neither Sallust nor Livy presents any pic
ture of an assembly of public menj or any
scene of History, which, in its proper gran
deur, or its large and lasting influence up
on the happiness of Mankind, equals this.
Its importance, indeed, aid not at me
moment strike the mind of ordinary men.
But Burke saw it with an intuition as clear
as the light of heaven. Charles Fox saw
it,- and sagacious and deep th inking minds
over all Europe beheld it.
England, England, how would thy des
tinies have been altered , if the advice of
Chatham, Burke, and Fox had been fol
lowed! Shall I say altered forth; better? cer
tainly not, not for the better for England
herself; probably sheia stronger and richer,
at this moment than if she had hsteued to
the unheeded words of her great statesmen.
Neither nations nor individuals always
foresee that, which their own interest and
happiness require. ,
Our greatest ble3sirig often arise from
the disappointment of our most anxious
hopes,-and our most fervent wishes:-
"Let lis know,
Our indiscretion sometimes serves us well.
When cur deepest plots do tail : and that sh juld
There's a divinity that shapes our end?, "
Rough hew them how we wrll.''
Instead of subject colonies, England
now beholds a mighty rival, rich, powerful,
intell igent like herself. And mny these
countries be forever friendly rivals. May
their" power and greatness, sustaining
themselves, to be always directed to the
promotion of the peace, the prosperity, the
enlightenment and-th liberty of mankind;
and if it be their united destiny, in the
course of human events, that they shall be
called upon, in the cause of humanity , and
in th cause of freedom, to stand against a
world in armte,-thtey are of a race, and of a
blood, to meet tfttit crisis without shrinking
from danger, and withbut quailing in the
presence oi' earthly power.
Gentlemen, I must bring these desultory
remarks to a close. I terminate tnehr"
where perhaps I ought to have begun
namely with a few words on the present
state ierrrf condition of our country, and the
prospects' which are before her.
Urrbofri ages and vision 5f giory crowd
upon my soul; the realization of all these,
however, is in the hands and good pleas
ure of Almighty God . B ut under his di
vine blessing, it will be dependent on the
character and the virtue's of ourselves, and
of our posterity.
If classical history has been found to be,
is now, and shall continue to bey the con
comitant of free institutions, and of popu
lar ejbqueuce, what a field is opened to us
for another iteroditu,-another 1 hucyd ides,
(only mayfiis theme not be a Pelopo nesian
war,) and another Jiivy! and let me say;
gentlemen, that if we, and our posterity
shall be true to th Christian religion, if
we and they 6hall live elVays in the fear
of God, and shall respect his command
meats; if we and they shall maintain just,
moral sentiments, and such conscientious
couviclionsof duty as shall control the heart
and life, we may have the highest hopes
of the future fortunes of bur country f and
Lif we maintain those institutions of govern-
mcm, auu uitii ijihiuciu uuiwi,- cjuccuiiEf
all praise as much as it "exceeds all former
examples of political associations, we may
be sure of.one thing, that while our coun
try furnisiies-material for a thousand mas
ters, of the historic art, . it will afford no top
ic for a G-ibbon. It will have no Decline 1
and Fall. It will go on prospering and'to
prosper. But if we and our posteritj' re
ject religious instruction and authority, f i
olate the rules of eternal justice, trifle with
the injunctions of morality, and recklessly
destroy the political constitution which
holds ns together, no than can tell how
suddenly a catastrophe may overwhelm us,
that shall bury all our glory in profound
Obscurity. If that catastrophe shall hap
pen j let It have no history! Let the" horri
ble narrative never be written, let its fate
be like that of the lost books of Livy , which
no human eye shall ever readj or the mis
sing Pleiad, of which no man carl ever
know more than that it is lost and lost for
But, gentlemen, I will nottake my leave
of you in a tone of despondency. We
may trust that Heaven will not forsake us
so long as we do not forsake ourselves.
We must strengthen ourselves and gird up
our loins with new resolution; we must
counsel each other, and, vowing to sustain
each other in the support of the Constitu
tion, prepare to meet manfully and uni
tedly whatever fate may have in store for
us. Are We of this generation so derelict?
Have we so little of the blood of revolution
ary fathers coursing through our veins that
we cannot preserve what our ancestors n-
chieved? The world will cry out "shame
upon us if we show ourselves unworthy to
be the descendants of those ereat and illus
trious men wlio fought for their liberty, and
secured it to their posterity by the Consti
Now , gentlemen, exigencies will arise
in the history of nations, when competition
and rivalry, disputes and contentions, are
powerful. Exigencies arise in which sfreat
men" and eood men of all parties, and all
shades' ot political sentiment, are called up
on to reconsider their opinions,- to 'eadjust
their positions, and to bring themselves lo
getherjif they can j in the spirit ofhafmony.
Such a state' of things m my -opinion has
happened in our day.' An exigency has a
risen. We hnve a great and wise Consti
tution. We have grown, flourished, and
prospered under it with a degree of rapidi
ty unequalled in the history of the world.
Founded on the basis or equal civa rights,
its provisions secure perfect equality and
freedom to all; all who live under it are e
qual all enjoying the same privileges.
In a case like ours, it is to be presumed
that all the wise and good men of the na
tion have the same end in view though
they may wish to take different means to
obtain that end the preservation and pro
tection of the Constitution and Govern
ment. If, then, they have the same object in
view, they must pursue a conciliating
course, aud each be wmmg to surrenaer
somewhat to each other,- to secure the har
mony of the whole! this general object,
then being the preservation of the Consti
tution, the only efficient means to accom
plish this end is the union of all its friends
Applause. lhe Constitution has ene
mies, secret and professed; kutthey cannot
disguise the fact it secures us many ben
efits. 1 hese enemies are unlike in char
acter; but they all have some fault to find.
Some of them are enfhusiasts, hotheaded
self-sufficient, and headstrong. - They fan
cy that that, they can make out for them
selves a better path than than that laid
down for them. Phaeton, the son ofA
pollo, thought he could find a better course
across the heavens for the sun:
"Thus Pliaton once amiilst the ethereal pi sins,-'
I-eaped on his father's car and seizin! iIip reins;
Fur Irom hi course impelled the glowing sun.
'Till nature's laws to wild disorder run."
Oilier enemies there are, more cool, and
with more calculation. These" have a
deeper and more traitorous purpose ; they
have spoken of forcible resistance to the
provisions of the Constitution; they now
speak of secession! Let me say, gentle
men, secession from us is accessio?i else
where. He who renounces the fjrotsction
of the stars and stripes, shelters himself un
der the shadow of another flag, you may
rest a'ssufed of that. Sensatiop and ap
plause. These malcontents, find it easy
to inflame men's passions; they lay all
misfortunes of individual men, of individu
al States, of sections and communities
all want of prosperity to the Union. The
co-operation of what ar now called an
tagonist principles is made serviceable' in
the endeavors' to overthrow the Constitu
tion. ExtremeTw'eetaritieencerjt together,
Some there are who, in their" own words
profess to hate the Constitution rjeCatffieT it
tofel'ates in the' Southern Slates the insti
tutions existing there ; some because it does
not more energetically sustain the "pecu
Both parties are willing to overt lirbw"
the Constitution, and concert their meas
ures accordingly to accomplish their eads.
Now, to counteract the efforts of these mal
contents, the friends of the Constitution'
must rally ali. its friends, of whatever
section, whatever iheir sectionaj opinions
may be, must unite for its preservation.
They must forget the things which- afe be
hind, and act like a band of brothers.
They must forget the past, the little bick
erings and trifling" cnsagreemenls which
have hitherto separated them. They.must
look forward only to the future, and unite
their efforts to preserve' the boon'bequeath
ed to the world by those great men, their
ancestors; they must gird up" their loins to
the work. J. give my confidence, my
COuntenancej my influence, heart and hand
to all those good and wise men who are
willing" to stand by the (Constitution, and
to acquiesce in the means necessary to
maintain its priceless - pro visions . without
refererice td the past Or pledge for the fu
i will quarrel with rid tiistn. about past
differences. I will object to the co-opera-ticn
of no man. We stand here flow up1
on a broad constitutional basis, and let us
act in that spirit of union , which actuated
our ancestors when they frarrifed the insti
tutions we must concentrate our efforts to
preserve. But 1 do not carry my tolera
tion so far as tto justify in the slightest de
gree any defection from the principles of
the Union. The great point at stake is its
preservation. I cannot hesitate a niorrieiit
on this question, nor act well and harmo
niously with those vho do. Other ques
tions questions of policy are subordin
ate; this is paramount. Every man who
is attached to the Union should come out
boldly, and say so, without conditions and
hypotheses, and ifs, and ands, aud butS.
(Laughter .) What says Cicero : "Deni
que inscriptumsit, patrescoriscriptiiin fron
te cujusque civisj quod de hac re sentiat."
Let every man bear inscribed on his fore
head what he is. and what he means to do
in that matter.
There are persons weak enough, foolish
enough to think, to believe, and tosay,that
if the Constitution which holds these States
together should be broken up, there would
be found other new and better chains to
bind them. This is rash ! This is rash !
1 no more believe, looking at the thirty -one
States which compose this Union, covering
so vast a country, embracing so many cli
mates, is many mountains, so many rivers
- I no more" believe if this Union is dissoi
ved held together as it now is by the Con
stitution that it can be ever re-formed on
any basis, than I believe that if, by the fiat
of Almighty power, the law of gravitation
should be" abolished, and the orbs which
compose the Universe should rush into il
limitable space,- jostling against each other,
that they could be brought back and re-adjusted
into harmony by a new principle of
Gentlemen, I hardly know if it wOuld he
an aggravation or art alleviation of fate.
We can die no lingering death j we cannot
fall victims to war, pestilence, or falriJrie. ;
an earthquake alone can throw down the
pillars of our State, and bury us in eternal
political ruin and the darkness of everlast
ing night. Such may be the fate of this
country, but may I never live to see the
day. May I not survive to hear any apo
calyptic angel crying through the heavens,
"Epesen, epesen Amerike be megale kai
egenelo katoiketerion daimonion, kai phu
lake pantos pneumatosakathartou." Gen
tlemen, a most auspicious omen salutes and
cheers us on this day. This day is the an
niversary of the birth of Washington.
Washington's birthday is celebrated from
one end of this land to trie other.' The
whole atmostphere of the country 13 this
day redolent of his principles the hills,the
rocks, the groves, the vales, and the rivers,
shout their praises and resound with his
fame. AH the good, whether learned or
unlearned, high or low, rich or poor, feel
this day that there is one tieasure c'OVlmon
to them all, and that is the fame of Wash
ington. Th'e'y all fec'orrnt Ms deeds, pon
der over his principles and teachings, and
resolve to be more and more guided by them
iri the future. To the old and the young,
to all boin iri thi? land, and iff all whose
preferences have led them .to ,rrmlce' if the
home of their adoption, Washington is arr
exhilarating theme. Americans are proud
of his character J all exiles from foreign
shores are eager to participate in admiration
of him; and it is true that he is this day
here, everywhere, all over the world, more
an object of regard than on any former day
since his birth. Cheers.
Gentlemen, by his example and under
the guidance of his prdfcepts, will we and
our children uphold the Constitution. Un
der his military leadership our fathers con
quered their ancient enemies, and under
the outspread banner of his political and
constitutional principles, will we conquer
NOW. To tlmt standard we shall adhere,
and uphold it through evil report and good
report. We will sustain it, and meet death
itself if it com we will even encounter
and' defeat error, by dey and by night,, in
light or in darkness thick darkaess--if' it
come, till : "
"Danger's troubled night is o'er
And the star of peace return."
At the eoGt'htsi'6n, of this address'the Ha
dience rose en masse, the gentlemen giv
ing nine hearty chrs,and the ladies waving
their handkerchiefs,; all sharing in the ex
pression of enthusiasm'.
Thanks to Mr. Barringer. The Amer
ican prisoners, recently pardoned by the
Queen of Spainy have addressed a letfer.da
ted Vigo',- JfiHrary 8th, to the United States
Minister at Madrid, expressing their grati
tude for his exertions to procure their libe
ration. They add a hope that the day may
come when they shall be enabled to te'stif
their acknowledgments in a more substan
tial manner. V"
A BfaiA'er'o'f" fHE CoTvsTiTrjTioif Rewarded.-
Mr. Thomas Russell, who had
been nominated by Boulwell to aseafr offthte
Police Court bench of this city, made bis
first political appearance during the exam
ination of the slave Sims. He afterwards
addressed anti-slavery meetings in various
parts of the State, using his efforts to defame
the Constitution and its supporters, and he
has on more than one occasion pronounced
the Fugitive Slave law unconstitutional.
For this "service," this- young Abolitionist
is now to be rewarded by our Democratic
Governor with a judicial office ! Boston
WHIG MEETING IN BFRTIE.
At a meeting of the Whigs of the coun
ty of Bertie; at the Court House' in Wind
sor; OH trie llth Feb., W. T. Sutton was
called to the chair, and E. Wilson, Esq.,
wis appointed Secretary. On motion ,the
Chair named the following gentlemen a
committee to report resolutions, expressive
of the sense of the meeting, viz: Messrs. J.
Brown, Dr. T. J. P. Smallwood, Joseph
B . Cherry , P. H. Winston and II. B.
Haidy, who, having retired for a short time,
reported through Mr. Cherry the following
Resolved, That the Whigs of Bertie ap
prove the proposition to hold a Convention
of the Whigs of the Stale, to nominate, a
candidate to be rurt for governor, on the
4th Monday in April; in the city of Raleigh,
and that the Chairman of this meeting ap
point delegates thereto.
Resolved, That as we have no particu
lar choice in the individual who may re
ceive the nomination for that office, we will
cordially support the nominee of the Con
vention, regardless of whether he lives in
the East or West, provided he be a conser
vative Union Whig.
Resolved, That we cordially and entire
ly approve of the Administration of Presi
dent Fil'more; and for the honesty, patri
otism and ability wnich he has shown in
his high office j we earnestly recommend
him to the Whigs of the Union for re-election,
-.v..""':-: - -
Resolved, That we feel highly gratified
at the growing popularity of our distinguish
ed fellow-citizen, Gov. Graham, and cor
dially recommend him for the office of Vice
President o'f the United States, for which
he is so eminently qualified by every con
sideration, both public and private.
Resolved, That the course of our immedi
ate Representative in Congress, Hon. D.
Outlaw , during the entire period of his pub
lic Servicfe,- has been characterized by that
independence of thought and action of
which we well know hiiri it) be capable
upon all those exciting sfc'c'tional .questions
tfbich had. well nigh jeopardized the very
existence' of tlr Union; and that his devo
tion to the interestsofhis constituents meets
our cordial and entire approbation.
R'esofvccf,- That we regard the series of
measures known as the Adjustment Mea
sures, as forming in their mutual depen
dence and connexion, a system of compro
mise, the most conciliatory, and the best
for (he entire counuy, that could be obtain
ed from conflictin? sectional interests and
opinions, and that therefore, they pught to
be adhered to, and carried into faithful ex
ecution as a final settlement, in principle
and in substarice; of the dangerous anVI ca
ching subjects which they embrace."
Resolved , That the whigs of Bertie will
support no man for office, either SWe or
National, who does not approve and adopt
the foregoing resolution.
The following are the Delegates to the
Raleigh Convention: .
Stephen Norfleet, A. J. Lamberton, A.
Capehart, Lewis Thompson, J. B.Cheny,
P. H. Winston, Samuel D. Spruill, Cui-
len Capehart, S. J. Clark, R. H. Cox, J.
R. Bird. Miles Huffhes, J. W. Bond, R.
R. Trtyloe, H. B. Hardy, T. J. P. Small
wood, Peyton1 T. Henry, G. Wortham,L.
S Webb. S. B. Smith, R.-H. Smith, W.
ijfray, v. j. vnerry,- jusmm uiuwu,. n .
Bishop, DV Ev Tayloe,. F. W. Bird, W.SV
Sutton andE. Wilson'.-
Resolved, That the proceeiSng of this
meeting be published in the VV hig papers
of the District.
W. T. SUTTON, Chm.
E. Wilson, Sec 'y.
AUNT CHARITY'S ADVICE
To her Nephew, on leaving Smith
ville. Now, Zekel , your chist i packed
to go to Bosting; if my remission had been
asked, you never'd ha-went; for 1 believe
'tis a res'iar Sodom, and you never have
been' beyond the smoke of our chimney
since vou wereb.-rn. Creation! how you'll
suffer in them Bosting boarding houses!
Nof rnbfe thari sii. feathers to' a1 bSdy ahd
none at all in the pillows; chalk and water
for milk, pie paste made of lard, and ba
ker's bread made of hartshorn ; you may
wish forever, for some of your aunt Char
ity V btiked beans and pan dowdy,- but
you'll grow gray looking for it and won't
find it at that, f charge you now, not to
eat any of their bread ptrefdings i there's
nothing so promiskus as a boarding' house
bread pudding: and as to sassenges, Zekel,
of course you'll esclrew 'em. Have your
hair cut once a month, attend evening lec-
tur;'it tfoxiid be better if you qould find"
lodgings cohiagious" to a meetin lioftsTS.
Uon't iook alter trie gins, ror z mienu you
shall nave fncrease Smith , as soOh'a' tou' ve
earned enough to buy a fiig arid' thing's.
You'll find a piece of mutton tallow in your
crusty to- grease your hair bundays, ana
don't foiget your catechise; there's a horse
shoe to hang over your doOr",' and be par
tiklar not to begin nor end nothing of a
Friday. Take a spoonful of brimstone
and molasses every morning to purify your
blood, and put your yaller vest in that old
pillow case, when you come home from
meetin V Don t be out, more than you
Can help, for you've had a narrow escape
from being handsome, Zekel ; turn your
toes out, read' your 'Young Man s Guide
and use' tooth, brush Sunday s and.Thanks-
givmg; there don't cry now, for you're
most twenty-two; "Away with lemelan
cholv." as the poet says, aud don t use
j'our handkercher every day. Good bye,
Zekel ! Ulive Urancti.
Newspapers at DwfeLirsGS .It is
the custom of lijahy merchants, and men
of business," to have their newspapers left
only at theic stores, or offices,- and this too,"
when they hate a home and famries.
They will excuse us.,- if we plead it utile
ior ine women . ana youtn.- ,tc tnniK
they are as much entitled a 6theri t6,the
benefit of the news and' lhtelligeuceV, It is
true, that men of busmessOften subscribe
to a weekly paer, of a monthly magazine
as they say because "my wife wants
something . to read." We ratfief oftine.
that they cir want something to reat', and
that that something need not necessaiily be
devoid of all political or commercial inter
est. There are several reasons, why pa
pers should be left at the dwellings rather
than the stores.
1. The whole family have the benefit
of die earliest and best intellifirence. and
enjoy it together without any depredation
of the l ie his or pleasures of the store peo
ple; For, when the man of btisih6ss goes
to his place of business, he may take his
paper with him, or, if he be a liberal pat
ron of papers, he may take two copies.
a. Papers are less likely to be lost,, at
dwellings, where they are immediately ta
ken into the house.
3. If the paper, -'with its telegraphic ac
counts be ready at breakfast, the man of
business goes tb his counting-room , fore
armed with all that he can know,- pf gen
eral interest to his business during the day.
In this ihanner a man gets the news at
the earliest hour, and has the advantage of
sharing it, and talking it over ith his fara-
y. J hen he can take to his eotmting-
room; or he can have another copy for the
benefit of his employees,- arid this by the
way, is a sort of charity to' the intelligence
and comforts of the Clerks arid working-
men which might bfe exercised, without
any danger of ultimate loss. Let our rea
ders think this matter over ; we merely,
suggest it for their benefit.-Cincinnati
A Tale oe "Two Dogs." The fol
lowing from a late English paper; is one
of the best do$ stories we have seen for
some tim :
'A gendemari re'slderit iri Lincolnshire
was lately on a journey about eighty miles"
from home, and left a favorite little dOg at
an hotel, while he visited a town in the
neighborhood. On his return, the land
lady, in dismay, told him his dog had been
attacked by a large dog of her own, and
had run away from the house. He left,
but returned again to the same hotel after
the lapse of a few weeks ; when the land
lady informed him that his little dog had
returned in the interim, accompanied by a
fa'rge dog, who hard' attacked her own dog
so fiercely that he nearly kiTleif hhrt .- From
the description given of true animal, the
gentleman entertained no doubt but that
it was rm own house dog from Lincoln
shire ; and on his return home he learnt
from the servants that shortly after his de
parture, his Utile favorite dog returned one
day, bearing marks of much ill usage, and
after apparently consulting With- the large"
animal, the two dogs set off together", and
were absent several days, presenting evi
dences on their return, of having travelled
a considerable distance.
Cowley and Harvey. AmOng the
most facinating effusions of genius are
those little pieces which it consecrates to
the cause of friendship in that poem of
Cowley, composed oh- the crealh' Of ffe
friend Harvey," tae following stanza pre
sents a pleasing picture of tire employments
of two young students :
" Say, for ye saw us, ye immortal lights.
How oft, unwearried, have we spent the nights.
Till the Ledajan stars, so famed for love,
Wondered at us from above. ;
'We.spent them not in toys, in lust,' or wine ;
liut search of deep philosophy,
Wit, eloquence, and poetry, .
Arts which I loved ; for they,' liiy1 frieriS, were
.. thine." ..
' TT ? tr' " i t itv'vno "r irt PinPT.F." That
the Ohio Democratic State Convention at
its session on the 9th of January lastpas
sedesbtutiorfe denouncing -slavery 6$ an
evil wh ich ought to be erddicatid and its
extension prevented by all lawful means y
and' at the same' time appointed" delegates
to attend the National Democratic Corr
ve'riiion. .. ,
11 Keep it before, the jpeoplc" Undtell
6v6fy body tibout it That the re-organizing
Democratic State Convention' of Alabama,-
at its session irfMntgiirntify on the
19th of January last, passed resolutions ar
proving the holding of a National Conven
tion : is to be couiposed of Abolitionists ,
Fres Soiler?,- f7i3unionists,' Secessionists,
Fire Eaters, old Whigs and every other
variety of politicians, who are willing to
join them in the common struggle for the
spoils, regardless of the interest of our
common country. The same men who
passed the resolutions, have hitherto de
nounced the northern Democracy as being
unsound on the slavery question, and a
gainst the best interest of the South.
- Geherau Scott An Offer Declwed. TheH
New Oi leans Delta, a Democratic pa jSer. refers to
a fact of which it says it has been sbmd'nme "cog
nizant, that General cott, when in the city or
Mexico, after its captttTe, wa offered by several of
the wetduiieet'citiaens (if lhe Mexican republic to
be made Frequent of that country; and, as an In
ducement to the-offer, tliey bound themselves tu set
tle npon him the sum of one million of dollars.
' 'llie splendid offer," pays the Delia, "was declined
'by the General, with scarcely a moments consid
' emtion. The brave olJsoldier could not be temp-
led by such inducements to abandon the flag tin-
der which he had achieved so- tnwch tepowti and
' tkjuan" : - -
Washington,- Feb. 20. Gen. Foote
will be' missed jiere, for in Jhia vdy,' ho
was useful; often very useful. Pending
the Compromise Bjlls,he was to Mr. Clay
what XVashington's Cavalry dOrpa was to
Oen. Greene, for he cutand slashed right
and left, when cutting and clashing wero
neceosary. fu Mississippi,' durjjng the at
tempt to tear that State out of the Union,
made by JefTersori Dr.vis aiid others, htf
rendered the very highest, arid nfosl patri
otic serviceifto the whole Country."
He had just (ffe moral fconr'age the sn
domita'ble Activity, and the controversial
power, necessary to mfeet the Military rep
utation," and wordy eloquerice of Gen.
Quitman, arii Col. Davis, , . No living
man could have dOrie what Foote did,
for he was' every where," with ' arguments
to meet every case, and above all with
the courage t6 maintain his case." He has
great fatilti arid is guify 6i great indiscre
tionsi B ut lie left, behind him' in Washing
ton the liveliest appreciations of the great
services he had done to' the whole Union.
It is believe here that the Supreme
Court have decided the case of Myra
Cltfrk Gaines; appellant, Vs. Relf and oth
ers, and that they have affirmed the judg
ment of the Court below, tl is said that
Mrs. Gaines' counsel have apprised her of
the probability that the decision is adverse
to her- a result which" was," as is said, en
tirely unexpected by her. j Further, I
le'atir that Mr. Justice Catron is charged
with the delivery of the dpinionof the Court.
The Case of Mrs. Gaines. It is said
that Mrs. Gaines comnienced the prosecu
tion' of" her case (which the Ui S. Supreme
Court is ab6ut to decide against her,) a
bbut nineteen years' ago, when, she waa
Mrs; Whitney. Subsequently she married
Gn." Gaines, who espoused hoi' cause as
well as her, and devoted his fortuhe to it3
prorribtioriV Gen.- Gaines expended in the
suit the proceeds pf two estates which he
owned one at Louisville, and the other
in Ten'nessee--which he sold, for about
fvlOfTjOOfJ. He also expended his pay and
emoluments,' amounting to about six thou
sand dollars a year. Soriie 6f Mrs. Gaines'
friends have also advanced considerable
sums in her aid, being confident that her
title was clear, anil would', be' established.
Veteran Patriots.--Among those
who were present at the military review at
the celebration of Washington's bnthday
in New York, on Monday, was Henry
Gibson, one of Washington's Life Guards,
aged 101 yeara. He served till through
the revolutionary war, and was honorably
discharged at Mount Vernon, f Asa Hold
eri', another soldidr of the revolution , aged"
90 yeas was al3o piesent. '
. The i Washington Correspondent of the" Joun.tit'
of Commerce " says r S
"Mr Buchanan is nnderstooilof course, to par
takeof the general views"of his State on the sub
ject of the protective policy. But the I'ennsylva
ntans moEn by thai policy tne protection ct iron,"
and of nothiffg else. They regard with no special
favor, a ta on r6l'ton o woolen fabrics or sugar,'
for Ihg'b'enefit of ?ev Ehglkml manufacturers and
Louisiana sugar growers. But the; iron duty U
regarded? generally a's perafls the most cdioiu
feature of the who!e tariff, and it is one of the lafcj
duties in the whole list, the rate of w hich Coc
gross is disposed to increase
We Rave riti faYtfi in fifr. Buchanan's promises.
He "stumped" his state in 1844.to prove that "Mr.
f -lk was a better friend of Protection than Henry
Clay," and must have limni'n, as an intelligent
man, that there was n'ot 6h'e NVorcf of truth iti what
he sard. . -. i "-
Ten cert Jimmy. This is the nickname by
which the Hon'. James Buckaintn iscwllr-d in Lan
caster, Pa., the place of iiis reKideuce. The namu
was givenj to him, because of lis free trade doctrine,-
that Amebian fa'bot'ers plight to worlv for ten
cents a day! The same Honnrable gen-letnan
ohce refused to pay his taxes'in Ijancaster county
on the grouhtMJfi'afhle was hota resident. His op
ponent contended that by his own showing he was
not entitled to citizenship in that county and Slatr.
To obviate the odium these tnirigs were bringing
upon tlie Sage of "Wheatland." he ostentatiously
appropriated a sum of money to purchase wood fur
the poor 1 But it a 11 would'r.t do. He is still (he
"Ten cent Jimmy" who refused to' pay his taxee,
and the same oid Federalist who once declared;
that if he had."a,drop cf deinocraiic blood in bis
veins, he woiild let it out." Such is the man whom
Southern Democrats are desirous bfeletin5 to tha"
first offic6 iri' fbe gift of the American People ! -
Georgia Citizen'.' -
(CT The wife of one of the U. ST! Judges in Utah,"
an intelligent and pure-minded woman of the Mor
mon faith, lias written a Ietir to a friend in Cau
ton, Ohio, in which she confirms the stateinen
often made by other, that "polygamy is onouly
taught and practiced'" by the Mormons :n that ter
ritory. She' says it is po "interwoven with iha
very threads of society, that it is impossible to mix
in social life at all without enconterihg it at eery
- J-We regret to leam that D vVill. J.
Blow, of Greenville, caine hear5 being kill
ed the other day, by the running away cf
his horse which he was" driving in a ba
rouche. The horses tdok fright oh'lhi
hill leading down the bridge," across which'
they ran at full speed. The barbuchti"
striking a cart on' the' bridge, Dr. B. was
thrown outj and in the fall on of Ids an
cles Was Cntshedand he' vas otherwise se
verely hurt.. UiY&tif the circuinslances it'
is wonderful he escaped' instant death. ,
U A'. S. Whiz.- '
, Geb.. W.O. Bu'TLER.nn incipient candidate for
the l'residerlcy.has written a' letter lo "Mi. Brec-"
kenridge.a inenibSr of Congress frbin Keiitutl y,s
avowing himself -in favor of all that comproniii-ut
measures, ind shaking cfj all suspicions of r'reii
Soil. - A the reader Will remember,4 this is the
"General" Butter lliaVwaot'rWteJ Vice presi
dent when he ran in company with UiMieral" Gnecf
in the last Presidential compaigri. , , ...,r .
Jj-The Locofoco press seem lcnt' ort
making Gnl. Scott' OtexU President" fop.
tey are Rbusmg him lriwl lu&t4j.