North Carolina Newspapers

II. I. WYNNE, Publisher.
r. Editor. f
VOL. V. NO. 9.
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rosT office.
Betwekn the Parties. Some Dem
ocratic editors and speakers are rather fond
of saying of late that "there is now no ma
terial difference between the Whigs and
Democrats the old issues have become
obsolete ;" and this sentiment we hear oc
casionally re-echoed by some Whigs of the
soft shell sort. The object of such declar
ations by Democrats is sufficiently appa
rent they are uttered in hope of promot
ing the interests of their own party, by de
luding whigs into an abandonment of theirs;
or, aUeast of stealing a march upon them
by lulling them into carelessness and inac
tivity. ,
Is there any foundation for such declar
ations ? We undertake to say (here is none ;
and that, although time and the progress
of events may have removed, or adjourn
ed to a future day, some of the issues which
have divided the two great parties, the dif
ferences between them are nevertheless as
essential and important as they ever were.
Aside from and beyond any measure of
policy, or any catalogue of such measures,
there ;s between the parties a difference
which is -essential, fundamental, and in its
very nature as durable as the government
itself ; a difference of spirit, and a differ
ence in the ultimate destiny which each
contemplates for our country a differen
ce which, if all disputes upon questions of
policy were accommodated to day, would
beget new controversies for to-morrow.
The spirit of the Whig party, while it is
both liberal and progressive, is essentially
prudent and conservative. First of all, it
holds fast to whatever is good in the pres
ent, and seeks for progress only in subor
dination to order, to the inviolability of the
constitution, and the supremacy of the laws.
The spirit of modern Democracy, on the
other hand, is radical and revolutionary,
encouraging every wild impulse of the pop
ular will, legarding laws and constitutions
of little value when opposed to such im
pulses, and tending necessarily, though un
designedly, to anarchy and licentiousness.
The grand ultimate destiny, which each
party contemplates and desires for our coun
try, is as different as their spirit. The su
preme wish of the Whigs is to see the
whole of the vast territory of this Union
covered with popular States of intelligent,
virtuous, homogeneous freemen, united in
a common love for, and common allegi
ance to, the federal constitution, and in a
common and just appreciation of its spirit
and giand design ; to see avjeuues of com
merce and inter-communication crossing
and interlacing the Union m every direct
ion, binding each part to all the rest by ties
of interest, intercourse, friendship inter
marriage and consanguinity; and to see
our people, under the influence of educa
tion, religion and social intercourse, grow
more and more assimilated as time advan
ces, by each section copying the virtues of
all the others, while it repudiates their vic
es and errors with its own. They consid
er our duty toward the rest of the world to
be that of reforming it by our example,not
by our physical power. In their estima
tion, the great lesson which other nations
have need to learn, is not how to throw off
the fetters of tyranny, but how to prevent
their replacement ; not how to gain liber
ty, but how to preserve it.
To achieve liberty is by far the lesser
difficulty ; a determined spirit, physical
force, military skill these are all the re
quisites. But to preserve liberty to hedge
it around with sufficient guards to poise
pt with checks and balances to secure it
(from despotism on one hand and anarchy
jupon the other to give to the frame of
government made to maintain it, a light
ness which prevents its being a burden, an
elasticity which allows the fullest scope for
personal freedom, and at the same time a
' strength that insures the supremacy of the
Jaws and the due administration of justice
within, while it bids defiance to all assaults
.from without hoc opus, hie labor est
.this js the grand difficulty in the civil af
fairs of mankind. To overcome it, is the
v great distinction reserved for our country,
rt ihfi first and onlv example,
. I AA 1 U ... w X
in all the history of the world, of such a
onrprnmpnf - To nresent this glorious ex
ample to the world : to demonstrate how
personal Ireedom may oe umiea wmi so
Zinl r.rAp-r' ml w-iih f h rejnilar oerrna-
, ' o l
jnent civil government of an immense pop
ulation ; and to show how, from this union
of liberty aud order, can arise such indi
vidual and national happiness and prosper
ity, such intellectual and moral and social
oiirniinn na man never before saw or con-
ci&iiMwuj 7 . 1
Ma thft Whferg consider the
nf this.. ReDublic amohjr the
nations of the earth. By the moral influ
ence of this example they hope to regener
ate the politics of the world j not doubting
that the people or otner nations wiu uiem
tripir liberties auite as soon
as they shall have learned how to preserve
them;' -' -
" Modern Democracy, on the other hand
seems to regard our country not merely as
an example of free government, but as a
sort of reservoir of liberty, from which the
world is to be overflowed ; and not content
to let the rest of the world take the dripp
ings over the top of its. walls, they are ever
ready to puncture i's foundations for the
purpose of submerging some other part of
the earth. They regard our mission as
aggressive, and look upon this Republic as
a'poliucal church militant, which ought to
propagate its doctrines as Mahomet propa
gated his religion, by fire and sword. They
are for recommending democracy by bomb
shells, and introducing republicanism thro'
bayonet holes. They are for achieving
the freedom of other people at the risk of
our own ; and that too without inquiring
whether that other people have one true
idea of real civil liberty, or in any way pre
pared to preserve it. They have an abid
ing faith in the extension of boundary lines,
and seem to. entertain no doubt that if
Canada, Cuba and Mexico, or even the
whole American continent, with its adja
cent islands, were once annexed to the U
nion, the mere fact of running our boun
dary line around them, would at once con
vert all the bigoted monarchists, wild Ja
cobins, ignorant peasants, and uncultuied
semi-savages within those vast limits, into
intelligent republicans, fit to take a part in
the control of this government. And thus,
by annexing all the countries upon this
side of the Atlantic, and flogging republi
canism into those on the other, they seem
to think this Union is to work out her des
tiny and fulfill her mission in the world.
We cheerfully admit that all the mem
bers of the Democracy do not entertain the
radical views here attributed to that party;
and that there are those called Whigs who
do entertain them. But we have been
speaking of the radical essential character
istics, and tendencies of the parties, and not
of those individuals, who by the accident
of association or peculiar circumstances,
stand in a connection where they do not
properly belong. Co mmwiwealth, Frank
fort, Ky.
Convention and Free Suffrage.
The Locofoco press, we believe, is united
in opposition to a Convention for amend
ing the Constitution. We thought they
contended the people could do no wrong
that they were the sovereigns and their
will should be the law. Why do they ob
ject to allowing the people the privilege of
altering their fundamental law ? Are they
afraid to trust them ? Is their course on
this subject democratic ? A democracy is
defined to be a government of the people,
but the democratic party of North Caro
lina refuse to be governed by the will of
the people. They are willing to allow
demagogues to tinker with the Constitu
tionto patch it up whenever they think i
it will enure to their own political benefit
but the people, they think, are incom
petent to transact their' own business.
When the Free Suffrage trap was first set,
political demagogues were lavish with pro- !
fessions of love for the people vociferous
in depicting their wrongs and oppressions
and self-sacrificing in the extreme , in
their virtuous zeal for redressing popular
grievances. They were then making cap
ital for their own party purposes. But
now since the people show an inclination
to redress their own wrongs to take the
matter into their own hands and amend
the Constitution in the only proper and re
publican manmer, these mealy mouthed
sycophants are afraid to trust them.
A fine commentary this, on their loud
professions. They have raised a storm
they cannot quell. The people are be
ginning Co reflect on this subject they see
other amendments necessary, and far more
important than the insignificant one giving
every freeman the right to vote for Sena
tor. They are asking themselves if the
land qualification in voters for Senators is
wrong and un-republican, is not the same
qualification tor members to either house
of the General Assembly equally repug
nant to democratic principles ? YVhy have
they not the right to vote for Judges and
Magistrates ! And, if Tor redress or griev
ances, andfor amending and strengthen
ing the laws, elections ought often to be
held,' what reason is there why annual
sessions of the Legislature snouia not oe
restored 1 These are some of the ques
tions forcing themselves on the minds of
the people, and sooner or later they must
necessarily lead to the calling of a Con
vention. We do not commit ourself in favor of
all the changes spoken of ; to two of them
at least, of which we will speak in due
time, we are opposed. But we are wil-
ling, cordially, to suDmii to wuaiever a
mendments the people in their majesty
may direct. We go "for a Convention,
free and unrestricted, because we believe
it is the only republican mode of altering
the constitution ; because it will take the
fundamental law of the State out of the
jfyands of selfish demagogues and political
hucksters, and refer it to the people them
selves : because it will settle the whole
subject once for all ; because it will place
all parties on equal footing, and because
n't htipve the neoole demand it.
We do not see why any one should ob
ject to a Convention. The fact of sftiy
one favoring flie call of a Convention,
does not commit J um to all the amend
ments that may be agitated. Those ques
tions are to be discussed before the people,
and every one will then be at liberty to
take the stump and advocate his own doc
trines. We are sorry to find some of the
Whig papers in the East, assuming a
threatening attitude on account of this
question. As far as we are concerned, we
do not intend to withhold our support from
. ...
the Whig candidate lor uovernor, snouia
his opinions on this question not exactly
agree with our own. This issue is not the"
test of Whig orthodoxy. We go for a
Convention on our own hook, and we be
lieve the people, particularly of the West,
call for it. We are opposed to any more
this subiect. If the Con
stitution must needs be amended, let the
people assemble in Convention and do it
themselves. We have no objection to me
nrinrinle of Free Suffrasre, as contained in
th art of the last Lieerislature, but we are
opposed to that mode of doing business ;
and we hope the next legislature wiu con
sign that miserable, flimsy humbug, to the
tomb of the Capulets.'- Con. Mercury.,
Tn triA Distrirt of Benin Sooar. fin Wes
tern Barbary,) a mountainous country in
hnliitH rntirpjv hv Berber tribes, there is
one place where, during the fair, a barter
of a verycurious kind takes place. This
fnir iannlw hftlrl nnce avear. and is chiefiv
resortedto for the pupose of Bachelors find-
" i ir . .1
ing wives, married men auaing to uieir
matrimonial treasures, and madens and
widows getting husbands. In fact, the
whole aflair resolves useu into me me wo-
mon sollincr themselves, but to escape the
gnommy of snch a procedure, the traffic
is carried on as loiiows: jacu maiueu ue
airinnr tn ntpr into wedlock dresses herself
in her best and most becoming attire, and
takine with her a piece ot clotn otner own
weaving, sits dojvn unveiled in the mark--L-o
nlnr-P TTiemen. both vounr and
u.vv 2 J
old, who are candidates for matrimony, pa
. . i . .i. .
rade about the maiKei examining me lec
ture of the cloth displayed by the Jadies,
and scrutinizing at the same time their looks
Should the customer be
liUV4 w "
pleased with the maiden, he enquires the
price ot the cloth ; sue replies uy iianiui
what she would expect as a dowry, and
the amount of this she raises or depresses,
-1 s . f 1 1 i
according as the candidate ior ner nean
mnv rJpaspi her. lesortinsr to the demand
of an exhorbitant sum should she be averse
r. il rnrrh.i!Rr. During- this barter, the
enamored swain is able, in some degree;
to judge her temper and character. 11
they come to an agreement, the parents of
Hi o-lrl are. annealed to. and-thev have the
right to assent or not as they please.
Should they assent, the parties adjourn to
a public notary, the contract is made, and
the purchased bride is carried to her new
home. In this traffic widows are at a low
price in general, and divorced ladies sell
thmr -Whs rprv rhean. The wife thus
purchased eannotbe re-sold, however much
the purchaser may repent uis uuigaui, one
;a Viia lawful wfirlded wife, and retains the
purchase money, which is her jointure or
dowry. It is evident that this curious sys
tm of barter is resorted to bv these Mahom-
edan mountaineers as a means of evading
a law of their prophet, wnicn mieruicis an
courtships before marriage.
liays western jjarvary
Trip advices brought bv the Franklin,
revive the warlike aspect of European af-
. . . ., ... - r .1
lairs, and whet the appeuie ior suu turuier
intelligence. The English government is
making provision for a scheme of national
i-pnort sneak trulv. is likelv
to be called upon to take part in quarrels
out ol the dominion or n.ngianu. au
tnrlr on Relrium would involve liinfflish
interference without a doubt, and would
be the forerunner of general war. Belgi-
Um, AUSina UI1U OUICI tuuuucuuu u".
(riVa. arp rlpsr.rilied as preparinff earnesdy
fnrAmnTncipji: Switzerland already cries
to England for help against France.
In the interim merely, pernaps, to Keep
in practice tne ingnsn sijuauiuu i man.
ing sad havoc with African barbarians,who
have & penchant for persisting in the slave
trade, in spite of all the arts and powers of
Sup an- Pbee Negroes.- The Sher
iff of Caroline Countv, Md., on Friday
last, sold three free negroes, ior me Dat
of the vear. who failed to hire them
selves out, as required by law. The Or
phans' Uourt also hound out, ior a term ui
years about a dozen white ana coioreu or
phan children.
Atthk Hcrnr'a A nvrrP.Oll. Girls. Set VOUr
affections on cats, poodles, parrots, or lap dogs
hut let matrimony alone. It's the hardest way on
the earth of getting a living you never know when
your work is done up. inina oi carrying iS....
nine children through the measles, rhicken-pox,
ra-h, muaps and scarlet fever, some of 'ern twice
over ; it makes my side ache to think of it. Oh,
you may scrimp ana save, ana iwisuauu iujn,auu
dig, delve, and economise and die, and your hus
band will marry again, take what you saved to dress
his second wife with, and she'll take your portrait
for a fireboard, and but what's the use of talking?
I warrant every one of you'll try it, the first chance
yon get ; th'ere's a sort of bewitchment about it,
TV.., Vv. c- -Pmrn The T&rhoro Southerner,
A II I- W v.'v ' -
states that J ro F. Speight, Esq., as Chairman of
the Uunty Uourt just neia, maae a repon i
gard to the Wilson fund, which exhibits the follow
ing l
Sum total of good bonds, - - $10,8G6
Balance in hand, cash, - 864)11
a tnneS.lonkU hnHv nf la nd in Tennessee in l:ti
gation, also a large unencumbered tract not dis
posed of.
Why are a standing collar and a Kossuth hal so
appropriate to most of their wearers t Because
they are emblematic of a stiff neck and a soft head.
Wil. Jour. ;- . , - :
Mr. Fiilmore having been nominated by the
Whigs of Tennessee and Kentucky, the Times
presumes he wtll now ba nominated by the Whigs
in erery Southern State. ;
There will devolve upon the Whig State
Convention, duties of a highly responsible
character. Upon the action of that body
will in all probability depend the political
complexion of North Carolina for the next
Quarter of a eenturv.
It is right and proper that the wishes of
the people should oe luliy Known, in re
gard to one of the most important matters
which will come oeiore mat Dooy ior con
sideration. We allude to the Convention
question. j '
Two years ago the thing was rather
slurred over. That course-will not do now.
Our opponents, the greater portion of them
in the middle and Eastern portions of the
State, especially, are fully committed to
Gov. Reid's plan of amending the Consti
tution, by Legislative enactment.. The
majority of the Democr atic party in the
West, will, we believe cast their votes for
an uncompromising Convention man, if
such is in the field. The Whigs, East,
are, many of them, opposed to an unre
stricted Convention, and in this particular,
agree with their. Democratic neighbors.-
The Whigs, West, are unanimously for an
open Convention. Now, let us count up
the cost, and see how the question stands:
From Greensboro' to the Georgia line, the
people are demanding a free Convention
they desire to amend the Constitution
themselves, rather than trust it in the hands
of unscrupulous, selfish, log-rolling politi
cians they utterly abhor Gov. Reid's free
suffrage hobby, and claim equal suffrage,
in its legitimate sense. This scope of coun
try includes the Whig strength of the
State. Moreover, thousands of the Dem
ocratic party, refusing to be led by the beck
and nod of Dartv-leaders, are stand ins side
by side with their Whig neighbors, and de
manding equal sunrage. b rorn ureensho
ro', East, as a general thing, a Free Con
veniion, is unpopular with both parties. -Now,
the question to-be decided by the
State Convention is, can the Whig party,
or rafhpr the remnant that would remain
after drawing a line between the East and
West, do without the aid of the West?
That is the question to be" consid'eied
can the nartv succeed without the votes of!
the Conventionists ? But do you ask,
how do we know that the gallant thou
sands of the West, who have alwavs ral-
lied with so-much zeal to the Whig stand-;
ard, will now be found indifferent to the
success of the same glorious principles? In
turn, we ask, what meant that address to
the people of the West, signed by thirty
nine members of the last Legislature, pro
teat inor ao-ainst the Legislative action in re
gard to constit?vtional amendments? Did
those gentlemen only indulge in a little
p-asconade. or were thev in earnest, when
setting forth so eloquently and ' truthfully,
the wrongs which have been inflicted up
on the West? They are -made of stemer
stuff than to tnfle with the dearest inter
ests of their constituents. They meant
something, and their intentions have un
dergone no change. What means the of
tpn p-rnrp.5sprl flfisira of the people, throush
their primary meeting, for an , unlimited
Convention? What mean me noDie wings
of Rnncombe. when thev solemnly declar
ed they-would support no man for the of
fice of Uovernor who is not tne advocate oi
an open Convention? Are the people ex
pected to eat their words, and at the ballot
box.give the lie to their oft repeated declar
ations? Such a calculation, if any enter
tain it, will be sadly disappointed.
The Whiff party were taught a dear les
son in the last canvass. Will the dose
have to be repeated? Will the Conven
tion, by taking a milk and cider course on
this important question, shut out from their
aid and fellowship the thousands pi goou
and true Whip-s. who insist upon an equi
table distribution of the power of the State?
Will the Convention, torgeuing tne warn
ings of the past, and the indications of the
present, give us a candidate who will be
pig here and puppy there, and whot will
"if and ''suppose" and "presume-' in
rpo-nrd to this matter, rather than take a
firm, unyielding stand, and boldly advo
cate a Uonvenuon, m every pan oi tne
- - - . - . i . i
State.' if so, the game is up wim me
Whio- nartv in North Carolina, and we
had as wellhang our harps on the willows,
"curl up and quit." isuch a course, win
force the friends of a convention to run a
man of their own- to cut loose from both
parties, organize themselves, and go to
work m earnest to secure tneir ngnts.
This, the' Whisrs of the West do not de-
Rirp. to do. while it can be avoided. They
love the great and glorious principles 01
their party they have Dauiea ior mem,
and their power has been felt throughout
the length and breadth of the Union. But
if they are only respected as servants and
irihnfnrips for thev have been nothing
more they unll use the only remedy left
them, and endeavor to secure oy a separate
orrranization. what thev have heretofore
been denied while fighting the battles of
the Whig party. -
There is no doubt that Gov. Reid wilt
he the. nominee of the Democratic party,
and that he will advocate the same doc
that he found so successful in the last
canvass. His election was the result of
rlio.opncinn3 in the Whiff partv. on this very
subject ; and it remains to be seen whether
we have profited by deieat.
This is plain talk, and will not be relish
ed in certain quarters. Nevertheless, as a
sentinel upon the watchtower we have felt
it our duty to speak plain. After the Con
vention meefe. it will be too late. Fore
warned is to be fore-armed. As much as
we would riseTet to see divisions and strife
in our ranks, we are satisfied that such will
be the case, unless the Convention meot
this question boldly and honestly. Give
us a man who will boldly and fearlessly
inscribe Equal Rights upon his flag
who will traverse the State, and kicking to
old harry the advice of superannuated po
litical grannies, boldly appeal to the patri
otism, intelligence, and manly independ
ence of the hard-fisted yeomanry of the
State, to sustain him. Give us such, a
man as this, and whether he live in Cher
okee or Currituck, will make no difference ;
he will receive an overwhelming vote,
and as in days of old, the West will send
up her mountain thunder in tones so deep
and loud as to cause the very citadel of
Democracy to tremble. AsfieviUe Jews.
At a meeting of the Whigs of . Greene
County, held at Snow Hill, on the 21st of
February, 1S52, Jonathan Wood was ap
pointed Chairman, and Franklin Powell,
The object of the meeting having been
explained by the Chairman, on motion,
R. N. Forbes, W. H. Home, W. H. B.
Taylor and Wm. Dail, were appointed a
committee to prepare a set of resolutions
for the consideration of the meeting. After
retiring ashorttime the Committee return
ed and reported the following preamble
and lesolutions, which were unanimously
Whereas, we believe that the defeat late
ly suffered by the Whig Party in the elec
tion for Governor, resulted solely from our
own neglect and stipineness, and the work
nf thp. rprlp.mntion of the old North State is
now before us, and its accomplishment re
quires only that we arouse ourselves to ex
ertion and do our duty, assured that our
principles will triumph if explained and
advocated zealously as the interests and
claims of our country demand. And
... i , i
whereas, to do this a tliorougn ana regular
nrtrnawaiinn nf out oartv is necessary, and
v" r i . '
a full, mutual expression of opinion , so that
(here may be general unanimity and con
fidence, which ulone can insure united and
vigorous action, the want of which has
been recehtJy so disastrously demonstrated:
Therefore -
1 . Resolved, That it is with a noble pride
and exultation that we regard the lustre
a-hirh has heen added to oursrlorvas a na
tion, by the dignified, patriotic, and mas-
- 7 J - r- a
terly administration oi our uovKiiiuient
under Millard Fiilmore, and most gladly
and hopefully would we hail the flag of
Fillmore and Graham at our mast head,
but in this we do not disparage the claims
of some others of our prominent men, and
with pmial ripvotion would we do our du
ty in the hope of entrusting die helm to
their hands, farm as we are m our conna
rwp in thpir nrinrioles and their patriotism
and in their ability to guide us rightly
and safely.
9 Ttpsnlnerl. That we trust it may be
the last time that it will be neeessary for
.s 1
us to reiterate our opinion, mat we reguru
iU flninummise measures as a final settle
ment of the slavery question, and our de
termination to stand oy mem, pioviueu
thpv he full v sustained and carried out by
all parties and all sections.
6. liesolvea, l nai me resnu oi uie ooi
al filection has rendered firm
our slightly shaken confidence in our party
and that the Eighth Distrtict has almost
hprsplf hv the handsome majori
ty polled for our nobla Stanly, regarding
his triumph as an assurance oi me uevu
tion of her staunch sons to the principles of
our glorious Union.
A That it with deep and
heartfelt sorrow that we learn that the hand
of time at last bears heavily upon one ot
our noblest patriots. The heart of the na
tion even now trembles with the solemn
fear that soon the death of Henry Clay
will fill thp land with mourninsr, and a
grief will come upon us second only to that
which bowed the neans or our laxueis w
the dust when the grea,i "Father of his
Country" passed from among them to fill
his high station at the right hand of his Maker..--
5. Resolved, That we trust that our par
ty will see the urgent necessity at this time
for earnest, united, and timely action, and
that all parts of the State will be fully rep-
rAjsniPri in hp tate uonvenuon to oe iieiu
in Raleigh, on Monday the 26th day of
April next, to nominate our uanaiaaie ior
Governor, and that the Chairman of this
meeting appoint a suitable number of Del
egates from each Captain's District in the
county to represent us in said Convention.
6. Resolved, That we are willing to
forego the expression of preference for any
partTcuIar person, desiring first and mainly
the triumph of our principles, and having
full confidence m the wisdom ana juug
mort nfiha (Innvpntinn. we pledge our-
UlCUh Jl ' 7 ( o
selves to the unqualified support of its nom-
7 Resolved, that we concur with our
brethren of Beaufort and other counties, in
dieir opinion of the expediency ol holding
a District Convention in the Town of Green
ville, on the 5th of May next, for trjpur
pose of appointing a Delegate and altern
ate to attend the National Convention, and
that the Chairman appoint one Delegate
tiorn each Captain's District to represent
us in said Convention.
Delegates were then appointed, and the
meeting adjourned.
Lent. Archbishop Hughes has pub
lished an official bulletin regulating the
meals of pious Catholics during the forty
ilniranfT.fnt: On certain davs one meal
is only allowed, with a small supper. Beef
and mutton are also iorDiaaen. un uuiei
dnvs fish an rl flesh are prohibited at the
same meal. Eggs, butter, and cheese are
flowed, according to quantity. Nothing
is said by the Archbishop of rum, brandy,
or liquor of any kind. The pious regula
tions look queer in the nineteenth centnry.
They are "only suitable' for the age of Pe
ter the Hermit. Many a poor crerlure in
New York is compelled to abstain from
flesh for twice forty day3, simply because
he cannot buy it. The Maine liquor law
is a sort of a Protestant Lent, forbidding
drams forever and a day.
From the Goldsboro' Telegraph.
Our streets on Monday evening last were the
theatre of a frightful tragedy. About five o'clock
the New Berne stage, with one inside passenger,
by the name of R.'N. Taylor, and with Mr. Col
bert, the Contractor, on the boot with the driver,
Mr. James Turley, was moving rapidly up Ches
nut street to Centre, ill the midst of which is the
trackof the Rail Road. When very near this
track, and when it was too late either to turn or
stop, it was discovered that the Passenger train
going south, and descending at this point a slight
grade, was within forty yards and rapidly ap
proaching. Nothing was left except to hurry a
cross as speedily as possible. This was accord
ingly done, and the track was scarcely cleared by
the stage when it was covered by the engine. Had
the stage proceeded in a straight direction, no ac
cident would pTobably have happened, since the
horses had not yet taken fright. But the street in
front being occupied by a road wagon, they were
necessarily reined to one side up West Centre
street. They were thus brought in full view of
the passiti train. They took fright and commen
ced immediately to run up West Centre. While
opposite the store of Messrs. Gregory & Gfiswold
the gentleman inside jumped out and saved himself
though at considerable risk, since the skirts of his
coat were for a moment entangled in the rapidly
revolving wheel, by which he was thrown with
some violence to the ground. The horses mean
while moved onward with increasing speed. They
hurried past Mrs. Borden's Hotel, and came to
Mulberry street, which led in the direction of the
stables. Down this street they turned at a short
angle. While turning, the inside fore wheel was
raised from the ground by the centrifugal force.
In this position it struck against a portion of the
trunk of a large tree, which happened to be in the
way. The body of the stage was thereby thrown
entirely over and detached from the fore wheels,
with which the horses hurried on, throwing down
one of their number, dragging him some distance
and striking him against the angle of a fence, until
they reached the stables, where they stopped. The
worst part of the story remains to be told. The
body of the stage fell with tremendous momentum
upon the poor driver. When the eseited citizens
reached the spot, the iron railing around the top,
intended to secure the baggage, was found resting
upon tUe small of his back. He was immediately
extm-ated and carried to Mrs. Borden's Hotel,
whrre Messrs. Dewey, Davis, Hooks and John
Andrews, of the medical fraternity, soon assem
bled to render what aid was in their power. They
discovered however that the hip bone where it joins
the spine was shattered, that the spine itself was
mashed, and that there was no hope. The poor
fellow died about 8 o'clock, and was buried on the
day following. -
Mr. Colbert also was very seriously injured.
When he arose from the ground upon which he
had been precipitated, and rested hia weight upon
his right leg, he felt it give way.and upon looking
down saw that it was broken. He was also taken
to Mrs. Borden's Hotel, and it waa found upon
examination that both bones of the leg were broken
at their articulatton with the foot. It was imme
diately bandaged, and he is low in a comparative
ly comfortable condition.
This sad affair and its incidents teaches us two
important lessons. From the general concern
manifested in behalf of the sufferers, and the kind,
prompt and assiduous attention which they receiv
ed, we learn to lake a more benevolent view of hu
man nature, since these things shew that there is
more kindness in the heart of man than it has
credit for, certainly much more than we would be
induced to believe, from its developments in the
ordinary affairs of life. But by far the "most im
portant lesson inculcated, is the homely but most
impressive truth, that in ' the midst of life we are
death.' At the hour of five, the unfortunate Tur
ley had blown a merry blast upon his bugle horn,
the signal of his approach ; at eight his friends
were preparing to consign his mortal remains to
'darkness and the worm.'
Shocking Murder. Mr. AUigood Bay-:
nor, an old man aged about 60, was brutaK
ly murder&d at his own house in Beaver'
Dam district, in this county,on Wednesday
evening last. The perpetrator of this hor
rible outrage was Wm. Congleton, a neigh
bor of Mr. Baynor.
It appears from the confession of Congle
ton (who went to a neighbor's immediately
after the murder in a state of intoxication
and told what he had done) that they got in
to a scrimmage, and that Baynor tore his
(Congleton's) shirt ; and, said Congleton,
"no man should tear his shirt without dying
for it?" There was no body present.except
some negroes, when the murder was com
mitted. Baynor was stabbed in five places,
and died in three hours.
This Congleton is a desperate follow when
drunk. He was recently turned out of jail
in this county for an assault upon one of his
neighbors, with intent to was believed.
He has not yet been arrested. The day af
ter the murder he passed Pactolus, in Pitt
county, on his way to the rail road, it is sup
posed. The sheriff has pursuers on his track,
and it is not likely he will escape.
JSTortA State Whig. loitor rnm n subscriber to the
r. . ninff P. O.. Texas. eiveB rather
a novel list of the names of villages nd settle
ments ia that neighborhood, as followsV
" East of our vicinity, are Buck snort, Doublcat,
j t Snnth-Sr.rnucrfibiir( and Truck-
in-the-Bucket. North, Nip-and-Tuck.-West,
oi .i. S.npwf-f9t. 'Possnm-trot. Slick-un-
UM&l.Ck-aii'- 1 -
and-snatchit, Step-ami-fetr.h-it. Gonrd-necK val-.
lev, and Rake-pocket."
Accident. Mr.Ju.lius Andleton an over
seer on the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad,
was killed in a frightful manner on the 24th
ult. On that day, he got on board a train
on the road, and took iiis stand on the front
car, next to the tender, holding on to the
tank of the tender with his hands. He rode
in this way until within a short distance of
Littleton, when, very unexpectedly, the
coupling broke between the car and tender,
throwing him foward off the car in the track.
Eight heavy loads of sills passed over him,
crushing and mangling his body in a dread
ful manner. He was takeii back to Gaston,
and on Thursday morning the 26th ult. was
carried by Railroad to Garysburg, where he
was met by his widowed mother, who had
only heard the sad news but a short time.
He vas the youngest son of Mrs. Andleton,
and a member of the M. E. Church.
Washington, M xrch 1. The Ameri
can Telegraph publishes a card this after
noon, of Mr. J. M. Bernliisel, a delegate,
from Oregon, in which lie positively con
tradicts the rumor brought b the steamer
Prometheus, from Oregon, that the Mor
mons had issued a declaration of indepen
dence ard set at nought the powers of the
general government. He also asserts jJi at
the story of their arming themselves and
declaring their territory to be aa independ
ent republic, is a ehcar fabrication, aiid
has gained circulation from the misun
derstanding growing out of the difficulty
with the government affairs last fall.
Juggernaut's Household. The establishment
connected with the great temple of Juggernaut, in
India, is immense. It includes thirty -six different
kinds of offices, some of which are subdivided into
several more. About 640 persons are required to
fill the appointments, a few of which are the fol
lowing: The one who puts Juggernaut to bed,
the one who wakes him, the one who gives him
rice, and another to give him pan, one to wash
his linen, one to carry his robes, one to carry his
umbrella, and one to tell him the hours of worship.
Besides these, there are 4,000 coohs, 120 dancing
gitrls, and 3,000 priests,, many of whom are ex
cecdingly 7ich. i
The Railroad between Weldon and Gaston.
We are gratified to learn that the Board of Com
missioners, appointed to receive proposals for iho
construction of the Raleifrh and Gaston, have al
lotted the whole work to Messrs. Green, Myers &.
Co. The former John A. Green, Esq., of tin Gos
port Iron Works, and well known to this commu
nity is an active, energetic business man, and a
gentleman in every way qualified for the underta
king. The latter, a resident of Norfolk, we be
lieve, is also a gentlemau of great energy of char
acter, and in connection with our friend Green, we
feel assured the work could not be placed in' better
hands with a view to its speedy completion. Ports
Transcript. !
El mine spectalores, plaudile! The gladiator
exhibition between Messrs Rhelt and Clemens, of
the Senate, is over, and Clemens remained victor.
Mr. Rhett wasJnquithed in the Roman sense but
escaped in the sense ecclesiastical. He interpos
ed the church between himself and his antagonist,
who had bestowed upon him those epithets in 'he
English language which cover a person mo6t with
opprobrium and disgrace. j
Mr. Rhett is right s far as fighting is no argu
ment, and does not further the cause of truth ; but
he ought to have applied the doctrine not only to hia
own case, but also to his State and to the country.
The religion he professes is that of peace; iU di
vine founder having blessed the peace-makers, aud
the peace-makers are not those who foment civil
war and strife and talk, as Mr. Rhett dos, of the
"gallows," the "block," and the "battle field," as
if there were nothing in these things to disturb the
pious imagination of a Christian. 1
THIS COMPANY insures the lives of indi
viduals for one year, a term of yearsor for
lifeontLe mutual principle, the assured for life
participating in all the profits of the Company.
For policies granted for the whole term of lite,
when the premium therefor amounts to $30, a
note may be given for one half the amount of the
premium bearing interest at 6 per ccnt without
guaranty. ' - . j
The prompt manner in which all losses have
been paid by this Company, together with the
low rates of premium, present great inducements
to such as are induced to insure. i
Slaves are insured for a term of from one to
five vears, for two-thirds their value.
All losses are paid within 90 days after satisfac
tory proof is presented. j
Charles' E. Johnson,
AVm. D. Haywood,
James F. Jordan,
Perrin Busbee,
H. W. Husted,
i Wm. H. McKee,
: Charles B. Root,
Wm. W. Holden,
Wm. D. Cooke,
Wm. R. Scott,
Wm. H. Jonep,
F. C. Hill, )
Seatoa Gales. , j
Dr. Charles E. Johnson,
' William D. Haywood,
James F. Jordan,
William II. Jones,
Perrin Busbee,
Charles E. Johnson, M. D.
William H. McKee, M. D.
Richd. B. Haywod, M. D.
President, " j
Vice President,
Secretary, '. (
Treasurer i
Attorney. j . ;
r Medical Board of
i Consultation.
William D. Cooke,
Dr. Wm. R. Scott,
Charles 13. Root,
Executive Committee.
3 !
J. HERSMAN, General Agent,
rihrr information, the oublic are referred
to the pamphlets,, and forms of proposal, which-
may be obtained at the oince oi me uiupany.ui
any of its agencies. i
- Communications should oe paiu;
to JAMES t . JUKUA.-v, oecreiary.
Dec. 6, 1851. -
Book Seller and Stationer, .
No. 16, Fatetteville Street, Raleigh,
HAS on hand a very large and valuable collec
tion of Theological, Law, Medical, Scientific, Ag
ricultural, Miscellaneous, School Books. Blank
Boots and Stationery of all kinds.
Pr ces very low call and examine.
March 5, 1852. 81y
AT the Neiise River Oil Mills, B000 bushels of
Cotton seed, Flax seed and Palrna-Christe or Cas
tor Oil Beans, for which cash and the market piic
will be given. ' .' '
March 5, 18, ,

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