v nTr "n n 3
f NEW SERIES
R. I. WYNNE, Publisher.
I C. C. RABOTEAU, Editor.
" GIVE ME THE LIBERTY TO KNOW, TO OTTER, AND TO ARGUE FREELY, ACCORDING TO CONSCIENCE, ABOVE ALL OTHER LIBERTIES." Milton.
RALEIGH, FRIDAY, MARCH 26, 1852. cfV-
VOL. V. NO. 11
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O" Office on favettkviij.s st., onb door klow
The Democracy give signs of disor
ganization in regard to the Presidency.
They are for men Jefore principles, and
for spoils before men. The Cass men in
Pennsylvania protest, because Mr. Buch
anan has carried his own State ; and they
tise no honied words in giving utterance to
their disappointment. They say that- Mr.
Buchanan-'s friends have wantonly dis
franchised the people : that they are guilty
of flagrant usurpation, and are tyrannical ;
and therefore that the minority brand the
majority, and secede from their delibera
tions. We have no doubt that the majority ve
ry thoroughly cheated the minority und who
can blame the defeated party for express
ing their indignation m very decided terms?
General Cass, too, is getting some heavy
blows in the "Old Dominion." There is
a strong Buchanan party there, and apret
tyf ormidable Douglass party. Hear what
the Peteisburg (Va.) Democrat, a leading
party paper, says of the Senator from Mich
igan, and we give but a specimen :
The South gallantly supported Cass in
the last campaign upon a construction of
his Nicholson letter, which, on returning to
the Senate, he made haste to repudiate as
unreasonable and gratuitous. Shall we
be exposed to a like disgrace again? Shall
we, after expending ingenuity sufficient to
read the riddle of the Sphinx, interpreting
his mystic epistle, be subjected to the mor
tification of a rebuke for our unwarranta
ble construction ? Can the south endorse
Cass's doctrine of 'squatter sovereignty,'
promulgated in the Nicholson letter, and
!emnly reaffirmed in the Senate? This
doctrine Democratic speakers in the last
campaign denounced throughout the south,
and with indignation denied that Cass
maintained it. With what sort of grace
can we support him now, when by his
own confession " we were wrong and the
Whigs right in expounding his views of
the condition of slavery in the territories?
Nor has General Cass commended himself
to the favor of the South by coquetting
with Kossuth ahd the interventionists.
His late elaborate speech upon this quest
ion is as ambiguous as the Nicholson let
ter, and it may be that the Southmight
err as widely in interpreting the one as the
other. General Cass is doubtless an esti
mable man, but it is suspected in the South
that he wants' the elevated, the dauntless
firmness of the statesman, and this appre
hension of itself would he fatal to his for
tunes, fa addition to all these objections,
let it not be forgotten that Cass has been
defeated ! He has been weighed in the
balance, and found wanting ; his strength
has been tested, aud what was it? He has
been beaten ; he is regarded with pity rath
er than respect and confidence. Under the
leadership of Cass; the party would buck--le
on their armor with coward hearts and a
gloomy foreboding of defeat. Let us,
then, select another chieftain : one whose
prowess is invincible, and whose name in
spires courage and confidence. Of such
there are many in the Democratic party ;
and so long as we can boast a Buchanan,
a Douglass, a Dickinson, a Butler, an
Allen, and a Walker, we have no need of
the broken sword aud Delphic letters of
The Richmond Enquirer, too, has a
correspondent who at length cries out for
Availability and Douglass ; and for the
latter it says, in conclusion of a world of
"The past admonishes us.to seek avail
ability in our selection of a candidate.
The canvass of 1848 taught us the sad
lesson that a party with honest principles
and a just cause, led on by a statesman of
consummate talents, spotless character, and
world-wide renown, could not resist the
wild, enthusiastic support given to a suc
cessful, yet incompetent, military chieftain.
We pitted argument and reason against
military renown, and suffered a crushing
" No carpet Knight is he
(Douglass ;) the hero of harmless political
tournaments, the dainty child of aristocra
cy and wealth, or the ehiborate creation of
pedants and text books. He comes to us
covered with the dust of the arena.-y-a
worker, not a dreamer, amid the active
scenes of life a hearty, vigorous, strong
minded man, fruitful in resources, calcu
lated above all others to preside .over the
destinies and direct the energies of a pros
perous, flourishing, and young Republic."
rpkp fortunes of the " Young Giant "
seem to rise and fall like the thermometer.
lie has carried no State as yet, however.
Michigan in out for Ca$a t pretty much his
jBtoct nj, trade, go inr, venmca.y i iui
Butler Pennsylvania for Buchanan ; but
most of theStatf? are tjjus far non-committal,.
, L. Napoleon has been run llirough by
WHIG MEETING IN JONES.
The -Whigs of Jones met at Trenton, on
the 6th instant. Delegates were appoint
ed and the following resolutions were a
Whereas, It is proposed by our Whig
brethren throughout the btate to hold
convention at Raleigh on the 26th of April
next for the purpose of nominating a can
didate for Governor, and also for appoint
ing two delegates to the Whig National
Convention; We cordially approve of this
recommendation and will join our politi
al friends in redeeming the State from the
hands of the 'spoils party" and its legiti
mate offepring the present executive and
Governor of North Carolina.
Resolved, That the Chairman of this
meeting be empowered to appoint thirty
Deleaates to the Whig State Convention;
and ten delegates to the district Convention
for the purpose of choosmga delegate, (and
alternate) to the Whig District Convention;
tobe held in Greenville Pitt County on
the 5th of May next.
Resolved, That no instruction be given
to our delegates to the State Convention,
but they be left free and untranimeled in
the exercise oftheir judgment, in securing
harmony in the deliberation of the conven
tion, and unanimity in the choice of a can
didate for Governor, who will command
the confidence of the people and ensure
the success of our principles.
Resolved, That the series of measures
known as the compromise measures do
not-meet our entire approval, but we will
acquiesce in them as pacific and salutary
enactments for the security and mainten
ance of the Union; and we would again
warn our Northern brethren that we have
borne aggressions to the extreme point of
endurance, and any lurther attempt to ag
grieve and oppress us, and wantonly rob
us of our Constitutional rights must result
in direful consequences to the union of these
Resolved, That Millard Fillmore,
in it is-hart, nf tht hio-h rliitips of President
of the United States, lias faithfully preser
ved, protected and defended theconstitution
of his country; and while his administra
tion has been execrated by freesoilers and
abolitionists, on the one hand, and seces
sionists on the other, all true lovers of the
country do not hesitate to bestow upon it
their warmest approbation: and believing
if re-elected, he would continue to defend
the constitution, and execute fairly, the
laws made and approved under it, we
therefore recommend him as our first
choice for the Presidency of the United
Resolved, That, as North Carolinians,
we would reioice in the election of Wil
liam A. Graham as Vice President of
the United- States. His known abilities
and exalted patriotism, togelher with the
high estimation in which he is held in ail
parts of die couriiry, particularly recom
mend him as our choice for the second of
fice of the government.
. WHIG MEETING IN HYDE,
The Whigs of Hyde held a meeting in the
Court House on Tuesday of County Court
in February.- David Carter was called to
the chair, and J. S. Jennett appointed Sec
retary. Jones Spencer, Riley Murray, A.
Sadler, W. H. Bunaloe, R. M. G. Moore,
Z. Gibbs, and T. R. Gibbs, were appointed
a committee to propose resolutions for the
consideration of the meeting.
The Committee reported the following
resolutions whieh were unanimously adopt
ed: Resolved, That we cordially approve of
the proposition to hold a convention in Ra
leigh on the 26th tlay of April next, to nom
inate a candidate for Governor.
Resolved, That the chairman ofthis meet
ing appoint 25 delegates to represent the
county of Hyde in said convention.
Resolved, That we will cordially support
whover may be selected by said convention
as our standard bearer.
- Resolved, That the" firm, patriotic and in
dependent course of the present President
of the U. S. has endeared him to the hearts
of every true American, and he is our first
choice for that exalted station.
Resolved, That North Carolina's favorite
son, the Hon. W. A. Graham, is our first
choice for Vice President.
Resolved, That we approve of the propo
sition to hold a District convention in the
town of Greenville during their May Court,
for the purpose of choosing delegates to the
Whig National Convention.
Delegates were accordingly appointed to
Beaufort County. The Whig Meeting
was held in Washington on the 16th. John
Kerr, Esq. was nominated for Governor,
and 60 Delegates appointed to tlie State and
MEETING IN CRAVEN.
The Whigs met at Newbera on the 10th
instant, and appointed Delegates. The
following are the resolutions adopted.
Resolved, That this meeting approve of
holding a Whig District Convention, pro
posed to be held in Greenvih, Pitt Coun
ty, on the 15th day of May next, forlhe
appoiutruent of a Delegate to attend the
proposed National Whig Convention for
the nomination of Candidates for President
and Vice President, and that the Chair
man appoint a suitable number of Dele
gates to attend said District Convention.
Resolved, That we have an abiding con
fidence in the ability, integrity and nation
al principles of Millard Fillmore, Pres
ident of the United States; that we believe
jn bis administration of public affairs he
has rarely if ever been surpassed in pru
dence, wisdom, and fidelity to the consit-
tution, and that he eminently deserves the
confidence and support of an parties
throughout our country, and that we be
lieve that his re-election would promote
the best interests of the whole country.
Resolved, That the ability, honesty and
integrity of our fellow citizen, W illiam A.
Graham, Secretary of the Navy, eminent
ly qualify him for the office of Vice Presi
dent, and -that his elecition to that office
would also promote the best interests of the
Resolved, That while we express our
preference for the eminent individuals a
bove named for the -offices of President and
Vice President, we will cheerfully support
any good, patriotic and national Whig who
may receive the nomination of the Nation
al Whig Convention.
From thfi New York Express.
Thi Tribune revives the storv that
Henry Clay has said that he would rath
see General Cass President than any man
We have been? permitted by Mr. Clay
tn rnnv th following from a private letter
of his, and addressed to one of his friends
in this city. A more complete denial to
all that has heen said to the conntrary
could not possibly be given:
" xou rignuy unaersioon me
in expressing a preference tor Mr. t ill
more as the Whig candidate for thePresi
dency. This I did before I left home,
and have frequently here in private inter
course, since my arrival at Washington.
T camrint how p-enerallv the fact may be
known, but I should not deem it right to
publish any formal avowal of that prefer
ence under my own signature in the news-
. i i
papeis. Such a course wouiu suDjeci me
to the imputation ol supposing mat my o
pinions possessed more weight with the
public than I 'apprehend they do. The
foundation of my prefeience is, that Mr.
Fillmore has administered me JCiXecuuve
Government with signal success and abili
ty. He has been tried and lound true,
faithful, honest, and conscientious, i wisn
to say nothing in derogation from his emi
inpnt rnmnptltors. Thev have both ren
dered great services to the country the
one in the field the other in the Cabinet.
They might possibly administer the Gov
ernment as well as Mr. Fillmore has done.
But then neither of them has been tried.
He has been tried in the elevated position
f now holds, mid I think that prudence
and wisdom had better restrain us from ma-
kins any change without a necessity for it
the existence of which I do not per
I am, truly, your friend
Mr. Stanly, from North Carolina, is
preparing a bill to restore to the States, the
fourth and last enstalment due to them
from the General Government by virtue of
the distribution act of Congress in 1836.
The last instalment, it will be remembered
was retained in the Treasury to meet the
urgent and immediate wants of the Gov
ernment Mr. Stanly 's bill proposes that
certficates of United States five per cent
stock to the amount of this fourth instal
ment fome nine million of dollars- shall
be issued to the several States, if they shall
be respectively entitled, upon the express
condition that each State shall appropriate
the interest thereof, amounting in the ag
gregate to over four hundred and fifty thou
sand dollars, annually, to the transporta
tion of free negroes within the state toxa
beria, or to the education and improvement
of the Liberian - colonist The principal
is never to be touched without further
Congressional legislation, and the certifi
cates are not to be issued to any State until
the legislative authorilies thereof consent
to receive the same, upon the conditions
above specified., if there should be, in a
ny State, no free negroes for transportation
to Liberia, then the interest money is to be
appropriated in establishing schools and
colleges, and in improving the moral, so
cial and religious condition of the citizens
of the Liberian Republic.
This, it will be admitted on all hands, is
a most important measure. We are glad
. . . I'll i
to learn that the tnends oi the Din nave
great confidence in its passage. It would
be hailed with pleasure, we are sure,
throughout the country.
- Halt. American.
Edinburgh Review. We are indebt
ed to the Publishers, for the January num
ber of this able review. Its contents are :
Genius and Writings of Descartes, Bishop
Philpotts, Recent Progress of Legislation,
Church Music, A few Words on Interna
tional Gopywright, Palgrave's Normandy
and England, The Ordnance Survey of
Scotland, The Expected Reform Bill.
Arrival" op the Cuban Prisoners.
The ship Prentice, Capt. Woodbury,
arrived at New York on Saturday from
Viga, Spain, with ninety -five of the Amer
icans who were engaged in the Cuban ex
pedition, and have been liberated by the
Queen, at the instance of our Government.
They are in good- health, and speak well
of their treatment.
Fortunes Unclaimed. A committee
of the New York Legislature, after an in
vestigation into the trust fuuds of the
Chancery Court, have reported that there
is nearly a million and a half of dollars now
held in trust; and that the rightful owners
of nearly a m illion of this large sum are
, The Convention and the Gover
norship. Some of the Whig papers in
the Eastern part of the State, are very
much afraid the Convention question will
defeat our candidate for Governor indeed
it has been prophesied that such will be the
effect, if he advocates this doctrine. We
think directly the reverse. This measure
is popular, and, in our opinion, would be
irresistible before the mas3 of the people.
If the nominee of the Whig Convention
takes thld position, we will .have no fear of
the result, even should there be a litde dis
affection among our eastern friends. The
strength of the Whig party is in the West;
and when the time comes for the hardy
mountaineers to ballot on this question,
they will Toll up a majority in its favor,
only equalled in the days of coon skins
and hard cider.' But notwithstanding our
views on this subject, and notwithstanding
we still intend to advocate an Open Con
vention and use every exertion in our pow
er to effect the consummation desired, we
will not, under any circumstances, with
hold our support from the Whig candidate
for Governor, should his views, on this
subject, happen differ with ouf own.
The National principles of the Whig
party are too important to justify any disaf
fection, in the ensuing campaign, on ac
connt of collateral questions and minor
points of difference. We have no idea
that any considerable portion of the Demo
cratic party would unite with us on this
question. We are too familiar with the
completeness of their system of drill and
the elasticity of their principles, to expect
any such anomaly.
Above all things there should be no
disaffection amongthe Whigs of the West;
this was the cause of our defeat two years
ago. If the Westr-i united we can beat
Davy Reid with or without the Conven
tion question. With it, we would beat
him so bad, that in the perplexity of his
mind he would anxiously inquire, 'did
that storm hurt any body body else ?'
Our Eastern friends, we think are un
necessrrily frightened, at present, on this
subject. But the longer the contest is de
layed and it is bowidto come the worse,
for their interests, will it be. We are in
clined to think the basis question would
not now be touched. There is, at any
rate, no disposition in this county, as far as
we know, to disturb it.--Even if the pres
ent basis was attacked, there would, n6w,
be a' prospect of a compromise. If the ,
Convention question i not settled at once,
there is not a shadow of a doubt that, in a j
few years, the whpleWest will be roused
in its favor. Then the West will be ar
rayed against the East- the bone of cbnten-
tion will be the alteration of the basis of
representation and the distribution of the
school fund the West will get the. bone,
and the East will be 'snowed under.'
Such will be the end in our opinion. We
are not a prophet nor the son of a prophet,
and cannot exactly say with the wizard in
"Tis the sunset of life gives me myFticvl lore
And coming events cast their shadows before,'
but time will prove whether or not we are
correct in the premises.
Popular Error. The Richmond Re
publican in a late article upon "Printers,"
shows up what really in many cases seems
to be popular opinion concerning them.
We quote: "There is a cherished delu
sion common among mankind that prin
ters by a peculiar of law of nature, are ex
empted from the wants and necessities of
other men; that they need no clothing .for
themselves and their families; that they
can breakfast and dine on air and fog, and
sup on moonsh ine ; that they "require ho
houses to cover them, no candles to light
en them, no fuel to warm them; that they
and their families enjoy perpetual health,
knowing nothing of doctora' bills, and that
they have no souls to be saved, and are
consequently spared the expense or pew
rent. Their children are presumed to be
their own schoolmasters. When printers
die they are all to be carried upwards in a
chariot, which will obviate the necessity of
funeral charges. Such must be the opinion,
for it cannot be supposed that, if they be
lieve Typo tp be a man of like appetites
and wants with themselves, so many thou
sands would refuse to pay him their just
dues, and compel him, through the neg
lect and dishonesty of others, so often to
pass a life of trouble, sorrow and priya-
Printers Proverbs. Pay thou the
printer in the day that thou owest him,
that the evil may be afar off, lest the good
man of the law sendeth thee thy bill gree
ting., . ' :
Remember him of the quill, and the
devils around him, and when thou wed
dest thy daughter to a man of her choice,
send thou unto him a beautiful slice of the
Borrow not that for which thy neighbor
hath paid, bat go and buy for thyself of him
who hath to sell, '
Tkou shalt not read thy neighbor's paper
nor molest him in the peaceful possession
of it, lest thou stand condemed in the sight
of him who dnveth the quul, and thy cha
racter be hawked about, by poor children.
Going it Blind. The late Democrat
ic Convention in Maine, among other res
olutions passed on that occasion, adopted
one in which they approve the Baltimore
platform of 1844, that of 1S48, and also
that tope adopted m leoZ. t his lsgomg
it blind with a vengeance ! Lei that plat
form be what it may, the Democracy of
Maine are resolved to be thar :
--. .. - - T -
"The Uncertainty of the Law."
An acquaintance of mine,, some years
since, kept a fashionable watch-maker's
establishment in Broadway, and consider
ed his store fastenings so secure, that he
used to leave his! customer's watches, bro't
to him for repair,. hanging in the window.
The store was in a very public place, and
adjoining a largjs hotel, so that he thought
it impossible thai it could ever be robbed.
One night, however, when the cold .and
sleet added to the darkness, gave house
breakers an exta chance, they did enter
his store, and stole eleven of his customer's
watches and, among others, the watch of
his lawyer. The next day lie apprised the
customers of their loss, and advised with
his lawyer as to tke probability of his being
liable for the value of the watches. The
lawyer replied : "If any of them sue-you
come to me ; but don't let any one know
that any other one has sued you." The
watch-maker took his lawyer's advice : he
refused to pay for the stolen watches, and
each customer in turn sued him. His
lawyer defended him ; as each customer
was not .aware of any other one having
sued the watch-maker, they each brought
their actions in the wrong wayand all a
like. The lawyer succeeded in freeing
his client from all these suits.
A few months afterward the watchmaker
met me in the street and seemed much ex
cited. He commejiced berating his law
yer soundly as '.'tricky" and "untrustwOr
thy.'? "What has he done?" said I.
' Why, you recollect those eleven watches
that were stolen from my window?"
"Yes," I said, "I do; but I heard that
your lawyer had beaten them all, and
saved you from loss." "So he did with
ten of them, but one was his watch ; and
after he had beaten the rest, he came to
me and said I must pay him for his watch;
I told him he had beaten the other ten,
and of course could not recover against
me. "Can't I ?" said he, "we'll see a
bout that !" So off he went and sued me,
and I liad to get another lawyer ; and
hang me! if he didn't get a judgment,
and yesterday 1 had to pay it!" 'Well,"
said I, ,, which .'of the lawyers do you in
tend to employ for the future?" "Wrhy,
you don't think I will ever employ E ,
again, do you?" "You had better em
ploy him," said I ; "for he evidendy
knew how to take good care of your affairs,
and he seems to know how to take care of
his own, too !" r
We have been intending to group some
particulars of the statement of the Comp
troller for the information of our readers.
The Fayetteville Observer has presented
the following facts,' which we have no
doubt are correct, and we copy them ac
Wake county pays the largest amount,
viz : b,su j i . iNew nanover o,vu
47. Edgecombe $5,275 73 ; Cumber
land $4,955 40 ; Craven $4,739 88 ; Gran
ville $4,529 44 ; Halifax $4,181 04 ; An
son $2,450 60 ; Bladen $1 ,314 07 ; Chat
ham $2,668 70 ; Duplin $2?0G936 ; Guil
ford $3,325 65 ; Montgomery $8S5 36 ;
Moore $978 70 ; Randolph $1 ,995 27 ;
Richmond $1,704 55 ; Robeson $1,524-
3S ; Sampson $2,287 51 ; Stanly $737
99 ; ice. . :
The Land Tax (6 cents on the $100
valuation,) yielded $38,405 94. Town
Property $3,653 38. Foil l ax cJD,lrfcs-
07. Tax for Lunatic Asylum $20,07o 88
Tax on Interest $25,007 87. On Divi
dends and Profits $3,115 24. On Law
yers, Physicians, ccc.$676 80. On Watch
es $1440 50. Un Pianos w.
Gold and Silver Plate $1,055 62. Pleas
ure Carriages $924 90. Store Tax $12,
822 61 . Pedlars $3,454 97. Taverns
$5,5.61 64. Various amounts from other
sources. Making an aggregate of $I57,t
Edgecombe pays the largest Land Tax
$1 ,056 30. Cherokee the least $12 07.
New Hanover pays nearly one-fourth of
all the Town Property Tax, $886 15.
Next Craven $304 yi. Then UumDer-
land $298 24. Wake $233 82. Beaufort
$196 25. Eight counties pay no 1 own
Property tax, viz : Camden, Catawba,
Currituck, Hyde, Madison, ivanuoipn,
Stanly and Tyrrell.
Granville pays the largest poll tax, $1,
115 59 ; Wake $1,094 91 - Edgecombe
$1,012 18 ; Halifax $93643 ; New Han
over $913 49 ; Warren $-W4 So ; Cum
berland $839 80.
Of the tax on Interest, Wake .pays $1,
758 81 ; "Craven $1,510 66 ; Warren $1,-
246 35 -Mecklenburg $1,235 13 ; Edge
combe $1,17126; Granville $1,157 87.
Cumberland only $381 68. Five coun
ties pay nothing, viz : Cherokee, Macon,
Madison, Watauga, and x ancey.
Of Dividends and Profits, .Caswell pays
$552 72 ; Cumberland $478 95 ; Rock
ingham $337 98.
Lawyers and Physicians pay $68 68 in
New Hanover, $62 04 in Wake, $56 40
in Cumberland. And in 15 counties noth
ing. Snlaripa and Feps Pav M69 20 in New
Hanover, $98 70 in Cumberland, $67 66
only in Wake. (How is this?) And noth
ing in 42 counties.
On Watches, New Hanover pays $92
72, Cumberland $85 50. Three counties
pay less than $1.
Of Store tax New Hanover pays $1,
069 72 ; Gumberland &940 94 ; Craven
$721 94. Madison and Yancey pay no
thing. v . ...:
The "Commercial," referring to th j
proceeding'3 of this meeting, published in
out last, says :
"It -will be recollected that the meeting
passed resoIuUous repudiating e idea of
connecting the Coventor's election with
the Convention. TI,is was done, of course
under the belief that'it would be attempted,
and under the same impression the follow
ing Resolution was adopted :
Resolved, That in regard to the a
mendments of the Consdtution, the only
Democratic Republican luode is by an o
pen Convention, in which the voice of the
whole people may be expressed.
Here is no recommendation of an open
Convention, or of any other way of unend
ing the Constitution, but simply a:, asser
tion of the Democratic Republican mode
of amending that instrument. It Tas a
provisionary sentiment, in case the quest
ion should be forced upon the public iha"t
is, if the Constitution must be amended,
this mode is preferable to that adopted by
the Democratic party because theira is an
electioneering plan of amendments in de
tail, that will distract the public mind and
disturb the harmony of the community, to
an indefinite . period. Nothing more can
be implied than a desire to settle the ques
tion, if forced upon us, without leaving it
open for the sport of demagogues, whose
whole action tends to the promotion of
party interests, and to victimise the State
for objects of political ambition."
$5 The 'Harmonious Democracy' now
so inharmonious are'striving to bring the
incompatible elements of their party once
more into active combination. They wish
to foro-ive and forget all past differences a
mong their brethren. They are pray ing lus
tily for the kind waves of oblivion to sweep
over all such trivial subjects as Secession,
Jackson's Proclamation, Union, &c. But
the efforf is vain. They'may, themselves,
pretend to forgive and forget, but the Whigs
will remember them and the people shall
occasionally be. reminded of these same
'Secession, Free Soilism, Fillibusterism,
Intervention and the denunciations of the
Proclamation,' will slick to them like the
'shirt of Nessus.' It would be well for the
party in North Carolina, could they plunge
'Free Sufirage' into the waters of Lethe for
awhile the Convention question will make
them wish they had hever heard of Senator
Douglass and the offspring of his ingenuity,
Gov. Reid's hobby.- Concord Mercury.
From the Southern Press.
IS THE DEMOCRACY IN DANGER ?
"Who shall decide when doctors disa
gree?" We place before our readers the
conflicting opinions of Mr.Cass snd Mr.Bu
chanan, very recently expressed on this sub
ject: y '- y .
Gen. Cass, in a letter to Young Men of
" The political prospects are so bright that
they cannot but add to the social pleasure
of the evening; for the decree has gone forth
that the next administration of the General
Government must be in the hands of the
Democratic party." "
Mr. Buchapan, in a letter to Friends in
"If I rightly read 'the signs of the times,'
there has seldom been a period when the
Democratic party of the country, to which
you and I are warmly attached, was in greets
Ur peril than at the present moment.'
A Grave Inscription. Mr. John
Smith, died May 2d, 1777. Aged 59
The sweet remembrance of die just
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust!
This is certainly characterized in no or
dinary degree by the -spirit of prophecy;
and accordingly arter the lapse of nearly
a century and a half the name of "John
Smith" bids fair to live in every commu
nity and through all coming generations.
"The Compromise measures are now a
'finality' those who opposed them honest
ly and powerfully.and who still believe them
wrong,- having patriotically determined to
acquiesce in them, for the sake of the Union,
provided they shall be faithfully carried into
This is an extract from Mr. Buchanan's
letter to Baltimore, and is a rather curious
piece, of logic. Thcfse who still believe
them wrong, are willing to acquiesce in
them, if they are faithfully executed ! One
would think the less a wrong is executed,
the better for those who suffer from it.
Number, of Landholders in the Unit
ed States as shown by ofiicial records at
Washington : Maine 46,760 ; New Hamp
shire 29,229 ; Vermont 29 765 ; Massa
chuaalis 34 235 ; Rh'ode Island 5 385 ;
Connecticut 22 445 ; New York 17 0 621;
New Jersey 23 905 ; Pennsylvania 127,
577 ; Cliio 143,887 ; Indiana 93,896 ;
Illinois 76,208 ; Michigan 34,086 ; Wis
consin 20,177 ; Iowa 14,805; California
10S ; Delaware ,063 ; Maryland 21,860;
Virginia 77,013 ; North Carolina 56,916 ;
South Carolina 29.969 ; Georgia 51,759 ;
Alabama 41,964 ; Mississippi 33,960 ;
Louisiana 13,424 ; Tennessee 72,710 ;
Kentucky 74,777 ; Missouri 54,458 : Ar
kansas 17.758 : Florida 4,304 : Texas
12.198 : District of Columbia 264 ; Min
nesota 157 ; New Mexico 3,750 ; Oregon
1,164 j Utah 926. Total 1,44486.
( Camiell's 'Pleasures of HW.." mast
declined by every bookseller in London
and Edinburgh, and was published at last,
on condition that the author should be con
tent with the sum of ten pounds only un
til a second edition appeared . It was prob
ably with reference to this early disappoint
ment of his "hope' that we are indebted
for his toast at a 'bookseller's dinner'
which occuned shortly after Pam, the
German publisher had been executed by
order of Napoleon. When the cloth was
removed, Campbell was lled ' on for a
toast, when, with much earnestness, "as
well as gravity of manner, he proposed the
health and prosperity cf Bonaparte. The
company in much amazement, asked for
an explanation, which the poet immediate
ly tendered as follows :- "Gentlemen,"
said Campbe!. his eye sparkling with de-
i light atid humor, "I give you Napoleon
jionaparte ne is a line tellow As shot a
Virginia and the Presidency.
The Whigs if Richmond, Va.r on Tues
day evening adopted resolutions in favor of
7tr. Fillmore for the Presidency, and ex
pressing the hope that the Whig National
Convention will present for their accept
ance a candidate whose fidelity to the con
stitution apd the measures of adjustment
known as the "Compromise Measures,"
shalt be beyond all question. .
Illness of Bishop Heddinc. It is
generally known that (he venerable Bishop
Heddmg, the senior Bishop of the Metho
dist Episcopal Church, has for some time
been laid aside from Episcopal labor, by
the physical infirmities and debility conse
quent upon his advanced age. A letter
from Poughkeepsie, N. Y., where he re
sides, says he is failing fast. Swelling of
the limbs,, and of the whole frame has
commenced, and incieases daily. His
physicians say he cannot survive much
Cumberland, March 17. The Rev.
John L. Gorsuch, of the Methodist Epis
copal Church, who came here to the late
Conference, and who has been very sick
for sevetal days, died here last evening.
Mr. Gorsuch was originally from Baltimore
county, and a son of the late Mr. Gorsuch
who was killed some months ago af Chris
tiana, Pa. whilst endeavoring to arrest one
of his slaves. He stood high us a minis
ter, and his last hours gave evidence of the
peaceful triumph which pure Christianity
gains in death. j
The Nightingale and herMte
Going to EuRorE. -The Boston Com
monwealth . learns that Mrs Jenny Lind
Goldschmidt, and her husband, contem
plate sailing for Europe in May next. It is
rumored that they intend to return to the
United States and reside permanently at
"Round Hill," Northampton. j
Assignability of Land Warrants.
A gentleman in the State of Georgia
requests us by letter to say whether land
warrants are assignable or not, and if they
are, to make known the legal form of as
signment. As we presume his inquiries
refer to the land warrants issued under the
act of 1850, we tiate that they are not yet
assignable. The Senate and House of
Representatives have disagreed on-the de
tails of a bill making them assignable ; and
the subject is now, we believe, before a
joint committee of conference. Republic.
Si-iCiOE at Richmond, Va. Mrs An
na Ma-ia Moore, wife of Edmund C.
Moore, of Richmond, Va., put an end to
her life Sunday eveningit Mrs Claiborne's
boarding house, in that city, by the volun
tary use of opium and laudanum.! She
was a lady of rare accomplishments, and
no cause is assigned for the deed. I Mr.
Mooie has lately returned from California.
Robert Burns, on hi3 way to Leith
one morning, met a country farmer; .he
shook him earnestly by the hand, ahd
stopped to converse a while. A young
Edinburgh blood took the poet to task for
this defect of taste. "Why you fantastic
gomeril," said Burns, "it was not the
great coat, the scone bonnet, and the saun-daer-boot
hose I spoke to, but the man that
was in them: and the man; sir, for true
worth, would weigh down -ou aud me,
and ten more such any day." !
The fourth volume of Bancroft's Histo
ry of the United States is now ready, and
it commences the Revolutionary period of
our annals. '
We are inclined to think that this volume
will have more readers in this country than
any historical work ever published. It
comes out at a good time. VVe are all very
patriot's just now, and millions of foreign
ers here and in Europe desire to learn how
our worthy fathers established a republic
more durabje than paper.
The Blacking Trade. Since the
liquor law went into force in Maine, great
quantities of bottles, labeled "Day & Mar
tin's Blacking," have been imported into
that State, and yet it is not observed that
the bocts are cleaner than before. i
A Rapid Increase. A few years since
geographers put down the population of
Europe at about two hundred and fifty
millions. Judging from the unaccounta
ble number of exiled Counts who , have
Bougnt reiuge jn uns country, its pc'ua
tion at thi timoipust be almost Qouncss.