. ... . . ! 1 The CALL bar the LARGEST CITY ClnbuUTlOIl . ; .. . of.airy paper : published in Raleigh. - TO ADVnRTlSERS; The CALL will carry yaur . otssare to more people in the city than any other paper. r 1 f r- 1 I rfn I. riii '. . i - , . ; - - - 1 1 'X I I I .v -a- J .1; y - ,-; ' " T- - ' '-' y i I- --. .-. " I;' . , - -c . 4.. . . . ... . . - r . - ' V ' .. .. .. . , - r ' - ' : : ; I. ItiJIOADIEIi (iEN'EKAt A. 3f. SCAIiES. ' Our Orator, Ex-Gov. Scales. Ex-Goveriinr Alfred Mooro Scales LTas been promitiently ..before the people of his tJtate since he arrived at' the age of maturity,' His lirst public service a3 as a representative of his county in the , legislature of 1851-52. He served again in this capacity in 1850-57 He volunteered as a private in the spring of 1861, and vas elected cap tain of his companv. at its reori?aniza- titmi which was in the 8d," and afterward thel3tb regiiueut-of 5orth- Carolina yoluntVers.. He succeeded Gen. Pender as ColoneiJof that regiment and afeo as Brigadier General of his .brigade infl883. This splendidrigade-5vas composed of ; ' the 13th. 16t2 34thrand 38th North Carolina regimentssnd was engaged in eyeryv prominent battlVn Northern Vir ginia Irom Gettysburg toxAppomattox. Gen. Scales was wounded athe battle of Chan cellorsville and also fha the lfc of J uly at Gettysburg, and was bfsoughi off the field inline same ambalance ithN t5U y.l an be' ithfid, Christian war and his ive justtv. meas,-v rh-and his spotless ! !roii(llv: stands before J Iexorable udge, Public ved and endorsed as a .itriot. an honest man and a- .soMier. n-o niEcuer attestation ; sreem m wnieii.ne rs ueui uy ins fomii he tnrmshed tnan in thei xnnlihtr trust 'wliiv'rh iu the American Congress for twelve years ami whieh he lett- oiily t.o'iinswer-.that liigher demand' . which, made him 'the Chief t 'Executive of his state. With a cori j seiousuess of having faithfully disvhargl'; ed every 'public duty imposed .thronglLl; the partiality, of his people, whether on( j the tented fit Id or in the. civil station,,, j h has voluntarily retired to the-cpiiet'j peaceful shades,' tf his lovely home in j . his 'Cherished city of llowers, where he., will rest contentedly under the hallowed j agis of the benedictions of our apprecia- j tive people, - w, ; Our Chief Marshal. v" Mr A. B. Stronach, our Chief Mar shall to-day, enlisted as a private in Company B. Starr's Battery, lltli Bat allion of 'Artillery,. June 1st, I8t34, at 16 years of age.' The third son of his widowed mother, she was . uaturallv Joth to comply Avith his persistent im portunities to allow him to don the . gray and join his two eider brothers who had been in service from the beginning of the struggle, until a compromise was effected by tdlowiug"him to enlist in a ' command which would -most probably remain in the State.- Accordinglv he went to Col. J. B. -Starr's command composed chiefly cf the magnificent :j Scotch of the Cape .Pear country, where the little "Scotch laddie" as he appears in the above representation found con genial friends and a warm, fraternal greeting. Being the youngest soldier in the command, he was soon the : "pet of the regiment." He served faithfully until three days before the surrender of Gen. Johnstoa. when he and four teen of his comrades - determined that they were not yet ready to surrender and that they would go " to the Trans Mississippi Department and join the command of Gen. KirbV Smith. They reached the mountainsof our State weary, hungry and foot sbre and found that they were without railroads, com missary stores, ammunition, horses or friends,' and wisely concluded to furl their flag. Mr. Stronach Returned to his native city to find if tile camp of the enemy. He resol vedyit hat whatever .should be" its fate, he Ivould share it His active mind graspedl the situation ana under the promptings of that in- XTa: J y i MEMORIAL CAROLINA. By EEV C. S. VEDDEB, D. D. O lantl'o f our love! In prodigal "boon, Fair natiire La lavished her glories on thee: Thy plan with ; their riches of bounty o'er .trev Are crowi br thy nibuntainu and kLstted by theee;; i Thy sunlight is soft, as thy heaven is blue, . Thine air is Oike blessing . from lips that are ; dear;' I .. " - ; . - -. ' . Thy daughfeiVs are fail as pearl-gemming dew; Thy sons are Jthy jbnlwarKS trom danger or . , fear. :- I t ; , .: : . O State ot OTrjswejo tuiVfaee fllre tried, There's no land bea rfle, in all the earth wide, Ana purer "'o'-jwr iiw wiriure ana name. -t , jL 4. , M A. I . "I yvnose giones fiB,iQow tno grace ot thy Dear land, where Ui heart is as warm as the ;. .. ' :':-. ' Where kmghthness ives yet in manner and . thought: 11 1 " . ' 7here life's hiahestl praise is 'Duty well done.5 And Honor taugtit. andi Tr rre lnstinjjfive-rnot domitable spint hich impelled ; liim to brave the 'perils ft the fildl he man fully accepted tie tuationud went to work. His position W a citizen is at tested not onlyj by tif honorable post he holds to-day, as thX choice of the Ladies' Memorial Associahjon,bat by tbp .universal esteem in which ite is e"ld by the good people of 'Raleifjh whh have known him from infancy. The Heroes Whom WeVHonor. . The Call applauds our distinguished orator as he comes forward to-day to pay just tribute to the memrly andi services of trie superb gentlenv" thre pobje patriot 'and model soldier-4Gen. James Johnson Pettigrew, and hiij im- i. mortal brigaded The hand of affebtion', , with loveliest floral seal, shall attest our reverence for their memory, and) the tongue of truth -shall vindicate Vtheir, unsullied honor and' spotlesa-iHime. . Foul Defamation and cowardly Slarder snail croucu, auasueu, m aiuo. .(;iouuue,- of Truth and Justice. - ' North tlafolina, the last to" leave! the , Union, was the first to surrender her boy at liig iieithel." 1 he last to her Vsck on th Stars and Stripe turn but she stands at the head of that m urn- ful list of heroic1 dead whose nam ts.are written in their jblood from Big ' to Bentonsville. : The :Jast to under 'the Southern Cross, but 3ethel niist her. command over one-sixth of h white population. weiit to the front. he last to leave the -Union she made he - last; charge and fireid the last nn defetici? mattox.- of the doomed j cause at A T!ie last to plabe her-hame'( call of the 'Confederacy; first. on the listf of all the S the roll- Lid ntauii, ates, North 1 . . v L'f n tl or South, in l-egi men t or l.)riiade casual ties the last iii seif-laudat'nn but the first in unselfish sacrifice ' -Would-be iilaniuactnreref ot liisrorv would have the-. world beiicve that- I'et tigrevv Bri.gate tail eel '-to do its dutv Hi reiuseii to ooev oraers. .no omi Carolinian and -especially . no : North Carolina soldier beli&ves it. Xo man, be he Virgin i ah or Korlh Carolinian, i at the great battle of C&e.ttysburg. it -Kteryidjar a place near Mrs. Hen rv Mor is boldly charged thaLVliey-falterecl'aud jdecui's, over j a huiidreti more" were 1 At ' It . T 7 i? lieve a word of this t'bnl slander.. ' One -. ; of his regiments, the) 20th, went into that battle with over -800 men and came out with 80. In one single charge it lost 549 men. j In tha;t awful charga: of "death'its gallant . conkmandant,- the" la mented Col. Hi K. Bijrgwyn, of glorious memory, was' the tenth -man' to fall with the colors of his reirimeut.. Then, as before, ttrere -jiiS, a ftrucrle as to who should of beins eleventh he fell andjthe twelfth seized it he fell and the thirteenth grasped it he fell and the fourteenth caught it up and swung it aloftvhe' fell and the fifteenth. Private Dar Thomas, of Com pany E, from Chatham county, sprang to it and giaspihg the shattered staff hoisted its rfddJtid folds in the blinding smoke, and with his; faithful comrade, Color Sergeant Brooks, of the same county, strode through the ( storm; of iron hale and plan ted it on t he works at the angle where" thej and their glori ous old flag were Raptured, Lieutenant Lilly of the same regiment, was wound ed in the hip with a small pistol ball,; when not more than ten feet from the works. Scores? of his comrades covered the ground, around him. Sergeant AVilliam Smith', bf Company K, a man of heroic moui d, was struck six times j but be never, faltered. With those desperate heroes Jie pressed onward and npward through ike fiery stream of de struction and 4eathv until within twelve feet of the muzzles ol' the enemy's guns the fatal seventh shot vtruck him down in death. . These are the kind t men whom believe fal- some would have , the won tered and failed. who iaiew-auyiatng oji tne personnel- -ox. ; fmanity?couhl do ior them m the liospi--that magnificent bod? of men. can be- , tiiA vv-iiichbiiis stood hear the soot, and DAY SPECIAL, - -: ..--' 1 ; BRIGADIER OfEMlBAL J. Jiv5?ETTIGi;E W. Our JLameinted Pead. ( Gen. thimesi Johnston Pettigrew was an extraordinary man. He was perhaps the. most brilliant cholarfour State has ever produce. Afman of rare intel lectual gts of splendid xttainnints, of the; loftiesl mjmld of manliness, of the hightest type lof pure and noble char acter, of unswerving demotion to convic tion and to principle, of attractive, phi- ' sique and of charming m an rpfs, hewas essentially and truly a model pnthern gentleman. Of hisadmiraHe qualifies as a commander, bf his devotion to duty, his fidelity, bravery and unblemished record : as a soldier, o iis superb learQing an d -lofty spin t, as U true; and noble patriot qualities which made uj the grand ag- gregate of this beloved leader and which so endeared liim to - the hearts of his followers, .we will not now write. They will be faithfully and truthfullyjpor- rtrayed today. Truth will yet triumph. The laurels won by Pettigrew andiJii brigade on" the fateful : field 'of Get tysburg; shall j aot. jperish." Viien the! unsoldlerly, unfair: and foul defamers shall pass into! -oblivion, the Koh-heart-ed bravery aul unsurpassed,? heroism i displayed 'by pettigrew and his devoted j men on the fir-girt heigh ts of Cemetery t Hill will crowiji'their names names with (undying glory.! . 1 - ' -- " -"rf immil fiitlVi-"1 ' THE MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION. j ! A Sketch of ? Its History From Its ' ' ; i Organization. ! ! At the close of the year 18(i5, there we're I buried '-on- and near the site' now"occu- ;piel by , theFedeia!l cemetery more ! thanfoir hundred Coiifederafe soldiers. ' i. !The spot was Jthen known as the Itock ;Q 5r.fr ry cemetery. At other places near tlii; ciiy., viz:v Camp Maugurn,; Camp t sHolmes. Vake Forest, old City ceme- Jresting on x atne s eternal caiapmg grounil." ' 'Mcfst of tliOfce burd in. the tiiock Quarv .'cemetery had had the kind f -' . -J 1 . " " . . . : 7 .-. ' . . iwhichwere mainly -supervised and' con ducted bv thl? ladies of Raleigh.. But the exposure they siil&red and the sac rifices of liu$js and bloBd they made for their firel'ides and libertyvere too great to be -overcome "by humaheffortr Thev entered linto glorious terualiep - and consigned to a resting-place. Bu soon the resting place showed the w ant of attention, i ne ladies tn llaleigh -were the .first to see this. -With the lofty motives and f noble tenderness- which have ever been characteristic of them, and which now characterize their daugh ters, they nejsolved that f the . memory of their defenders shouul 3e perpetu ated, and tht their ! gres, should be objects of'lifej-iong mem ry and venerar tion. , The vicissitudes o, a direful' war left them wthout abilffy to do much beyond remembering. Jtit this they could and determined td do. . A clause from the preamble to ':pe constitution of the association soon afterward formed by' them reacts: "We mpy be poor; but enough is lefjt to prove Hir hearts to be still rich in the treasuirep pf gratitude and affection," With rf ferende to their intention to care for -the Soldier's grave, the preamble reads: "Vile he lived it was hers to cheer the departing soldier; supply his Wants whilelfacing a resist less foe; soothe his dyirysf moments and ail minister "comfort to h spartinig spirit. Let her lastlabbr of 1. fe be to collect his remains within the s -cred enclosure .where they may be watc -pd over by the jealous eyes md cared U the loving hands of 'those .for who ;he so free)yt gave np his life," u H . ; With these and othe similar objects in view, the I ladiesydf the city met on MAX 10, 1889. I 1 THE GUARD AROUND THE TOMB - What i this solemn u;ind ve hear? It breaks upf.rv iTation'is ear ; Uke tcean"a c?6 upon the nhore, -The wail of ttorra whose wrath LnoVr. -From troad,Yirjrtiatt monuuius grand It swells thrngh all our Southern Und. A conntry mourniog'oVr it plain. Who gayo their Iive, and notin vain, Since in ita heart 4heir meni'ry blooms Fresh as the flowers upon their tombs'. 1 Their toil ia o'er their labors ceae , ia war ttiy aiea, i aiea ftr jKfeee Thty brively lough t'atAl tt'Vlrfell And Fame their glorjouw dt itls shall tell: When she devree!a -rown of Bav No jwwer ; ohfeafth' h?r hand can tav; Ahd'on tIiestgrave8i wreath is .laii-l No storm vanj Chang4ui nine can fade. Where eihe has plae3 this deathlWs crown Let woman cast her rb?es down, '.Ahd;LcwanFajhe.--jroiveribtaiid A guard of h(jhor, Land in hand, Around tliese graves Vhere heroes lie Who fought fr; right nor.fea.red to die " Mrs. 3lary liayard Clarke. the 23d offMay. lfeGG, and orgauued "The Ladiefe' Afeinorial Association of ,Wak-.-; -'GottntyT-1 Amomr those of I present and! prominerit:in the mpve-; meat were urs, lien. 1j. O. B. Branch, Mrs. Henry V. Miller, Mrs. Lucy -Evans, Mrs! itobt. Lewis, Mrs. Mary Lacy- Miss; Sophia Partridge, 3Iiss Annie Mason, iMrs. Geo. Mordeeai, Mrs. J ab, Devereux, Mrs. W. It. Cox, Mrs. Battle,; Mrs. Ed. Graham Haywood, Mrs. Henry Mordecai, Mrs. Dr, Win'. G HilU Mrs. Annie Biisbee, Mrs. Drury Lacy, Mrs. Dr. Charles E. Johnsou,Mrs. JElleti Mordfecai, Mrs. ; John G, Williams, Mrs. T. H. Selbv, Mrs. H. W. !Husted, Mrs. H. S. Smith, Mrs Mary Speight, Miss Sallie Hay .wood, Mjiss; ; Mildred Cameron, Miss Annie Lairrence and others. The ; organization was effected,: by. electing hft following officers ;Y-Presir dent, Gen. i'L. -O. B; .Wpranch ; fFirst ePresidenth Mr& tHehry-AV. MiUeiTf:; Second t Vice-Presideni;' Mrs. LucyEvans jThird jVice-Presideil t; Mrs. Rol iSMttV'f."tIiWiPj:sidait-i rs. JMary Lacy ; Secretary. Miss MoDhia PartrYdge; Treasurer, Miss AnnjeIason. A Preaadent's advisory council waa also electedVconsisting of Mr. Geo. W Mor decai, 1MH. W. TTuSted, 31r. ' P. F. Pescud; ':Wr.l Vm. Grimes, Maj. B. C. Manly anlsGenv It. (Jbx. The association's first care was. to look after the I Confederate graves as. they then were; but its main object was to select and, procure a suitable and per manent resting place for the heroes of crushed hops. Miss Sophia -Partridge first con cyivel the idea of haviug a col lectivtplacepf interment for the "dead boys in gray;, and to her belongs the credit of suggesiingj and mainly organ izing and establishing the first Confed erate cemetery. -4 notv such a beautiful aii(f well keptl "city of tlie dead," located ih Oak wood The first movement of the, association' was to appoint a- com mittee for this purpose. : So means were at iiana; t ilit tne committee oegaii td investigate, and while thus engaged, Mr. Geo, W. JMordeoai and Miss Annie Devereux eacfi teiidetediots of sullicien t size to the association free ol charge. These generohs'-offers were- greatly ap preciated, but' the association v as bent on , effecting tie best; possible arrange ment, -and thinking the locations o tier ed not suitable for the purpose in view; made no choice. The association felt sadly hampered in its work fcr want of funds. Its progress; j was' slow but its purpose firm I A number of members made, voluntary, contributions. But in this, the ability of 'the members was not equal to their inclination Various ?xpeuients were discussed for supilv- ing the treassiry. The only, thing that seemed. practical at the time was a-sew,-ing society, iind n1 August 30th,- 18GG, one was organized with the following officers: Mr4 H. S. ; Smith, President J Miss - Annie iDevereux, Secretary and Treasurer. I)irect ors Mrs. Atkinson , Mrs. Selby, Mrs. Hill Miss J. H. Hutch ings, Aliss 'A Lawrence, 31rs. Pescud and Miss Lit h ford, j ; ' While the association was struggling with the financial problem in this way, it received substantial aid and encour agement by admitting eight jersons as life members? who paid One hundred dollars each for thej privilege. These were Gen. Thos. L. Clingmah, Mrs. Henry Burg wy n , Father ' McNamara, Messrs. Geo.! W. Mordeeai, Pul C. Cameron, P. F. Pesctid, Jas. B. Shepherd and Frabcis Gilliam. I This put the as sociation in a condition to act more readily in selecting! such a plot df ground, as it desired. Another com mittee consisting of iMessrs. Geo. W. Mordecai and P. F. Pescud was request ed to select a location. After consider- able care they made i - - itlO a with The the intention of p owner of the ferou'. Henry Mordecai, y?Jy IK mil tee ai uie ume,. eu uieir cnuicu u ''rrT"". V.;; ' '- 1 I I" T11VATK A. II. smiXAi ll., j saving; "The Ladi ' Memt!jal A.nocia tion are w jeo me in uu iiittuv n'les ox my JaiHi :is tuey need; lor Midi a hacreil I u r i ose, wit ho u t ct ui s i I h r it t i o n . " Thiii domition was gratefully nhpted attd . the -'WfU-k of putting it in . order win commenced. ., TIjo purose and efforts of the Jadifj conteiiiplattd the raising of a monu ment to Jie Con federate dend at sflm futnrtt tinA?. The sympathy of the State legislature was m ouhuJ by thii' and on the lit h of, February, 107, that body voted au appropriation of $ 1,500 toward that purpose. . ; , At this time the work of, puttiog ia-' order tlp. jiew cemetery, wob. lKjing " pushed .as Rapidly as-th condition ofi the association permitted; bnt it was forced toserve its purpoKO lforo it, was ready. Early i n Jan nary, 1 807, or per- i haps r December,' 1860, the -Federal government senian agent to lUleigh to ' select a lccatibti)f6r a Federal cemetery. He selected an l ntiscated the Rock Qvvjrry ceof t: . hero. both the, IV d-A 'ar-ijicif.a iT.te drad.Txr. rc-.tfeg. In prosecuting lis work he had not the patience to wait fin til the new place for the Confederate Idead was in a state of readiness. He sent several mesaeji to the association asking that haste be ex ercised in removing the remainw of the: Confederate soldiers, and ultimately; threatened that if they were not re moved by a certain day; they would b dug up and thrown into ihe puljlic roal. This message arbu-cd the iudig-l nation : anil nreu me zeai-oi iiuiu inv old and vountr lin n of tin cit . At a call from the ladies I hoy raim; togetiicr and resolveil tovroruove their dead at once. They ilisdained the aid of hire lings and negroi's. T'n v hlu!d"red the pick and spade, proceeded t to tln new ground, aud lug th" ('.rvr-x. Some harnessed horses to cart1 ind waoiin and began the' work of the r nniai of . .... k j ! the dead from th 1'h-k ;f Quarry ft me terv. Their task wu- a ild and gh.ixtfv one; but they di 1 .not Mincli. .uiong those .eternal sleepers t ii i - werjt, boy hood companion's, loved , jifij cherished triemls, brave coriira Je--in-aniis. ami all were sharers of an evrl.isting-glqry. The living worked with hei.it ami will for the -proper care of the dead. ..The disagreeable : natureof that work is in- describable. Most of the disinterred collius and boxes were in a sMte of dc4 cay. Many fell to pieces. Thoo re- vealcd the 'most gh.istly and sickening! spectacles, and notiiing hut true, pa-j triotic; hearts and fratern;d love and re membrance could 'have induced the volunteers to have proceeded with the; work after having begun it. It was le-jj gun February 22d,, 1VI7, and e- itinnetl fbr several weeks. The ladies h nt the ehcoiiragement and inspiration of their; words, attention and smiles throughout.' During this time all Mia Confederate! dead that could be located wen;, moved . to the oemeteryi On the i-ame day then work of removal bt-gan,; Gen.: It. E.1 Colston lectured before the aociationi in Commons Hall on the "Life" andj Character of Stonewall Jackson.". .. At the annual ''meeting on May :5rd, 1807, there was souio ,disicniou as tof whether the memorial exercises should! be public or strictly private. It was! decided that they should; be. publie'boj. far as to meet at the capitol and to pro-j ceed from: there to the cemetery. At! this time Miss (iertrude Haywood was elected treasurer, vice' Miss Annie Ma son, resigned. Maj. Seatou Gales, the well rememlered, gifted and talented, orator, addressed the meeting. I On Memorial dav of 16C8, Capt. J. JJ I Davis delivered the second memorial ad-- dress before the' association. Mrs j . Mary' Bayard Clarke was invited to torn-! pose an appropriate ode for the occa sion. This year Miss Gertrude Il-iy-i wood resigned the office of treasurer and Miss Maggie Haywood was elected. On May 10th, 18C'J, Maj. W. M. Bob bins, then of Salisbury, delivered the memorial address. MryTheo. H, Hill ) x i r'- . 'm-. ,

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