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0 / 75
1 The meaning ford's for objects, is taught by
; i ,.; , .J.mitiVs. ittue woru imparts an abstract
t idea x'r a" n,onu ,
QVbreer difficulty. 'Improve
oral or .mental quality, it is attended
ements were iutro-
e bv M. Sieard of
i I i....',l, t this -mmlA of instruction tr ifs
te ciit perfection: "these methods have been- pub
' witb so. m indistinctness, and in so intelli-
- nlle a manner, tUat jMr. Loot borrow and the other
.instructors in tKe'ew York institution for the
(1,..,f ;Ul-a dumb, have been able U perfect them-
i'kes in die theoretical .and practical knowledge
of tlir ;'-ar't,-by' these publication-; alone, without
coin"' abroad to1 witness .and p learn in other
111... Hi rlhid these wUrks been accessible at this
: j.Uto', a.inore ati-factory Account could doubtless
.ui e'bein prestiited to you this evening than that
w hich vou are now --receiving. ' t; ;
'1 J'TIip v.riTiMr.al on or' ot 1- Li e consisted in
adopting arlMrarVj verbal signs, inieau oi ueumng
J wordsby paht,omiWeor gestural dehmtipn. It
i :ri-: .ot . it..r im-iroveineht- bv Si-
' ;LJnfurc t leir riUillilieS. OV Wieu
T;'; j on horlebac'k is exhibited I)"the index and
i l im'dllie ngof the riglit. hand,. straddling over
( the Index fingi-r tliese are then jolted for-
i a nrd to represent the trotting motion of the horse.
f . : a snake ft djigat y the tore-nngtr, ex-
- ' '. --. ii J c i
- - L.Tut'l iVi 7l VI i T !l I I V If HI 'I fklTirwll il 1 1 H I ' If lin ill (1 'II it
I -f . iTn huUrtite ad-av. tiie lelt arm is lent. and
", ' 1)I;IU Ueiore ,III5 IU,UJ iuuMi.-iiui uic iiv 1 wii, nuu
.1 .. a sernirircle i traced- above it, sbeginning at the
C-f v ft was in -tins manner that M, Sicard estabhsh-
. mit rni'i ir i.uii I lun i a i i vci : iiiLtj Lftir; nullum 11
i ' I l.jt jitiTiils ; iind when 'such siyns becanio' familiar.
; ; . " v -- --- j . . . - J ' J
: atiswert,'! his purj.ose by umtin them together in
f i- i. a certain order, '.such - as nature would suggest, in
V 1...;.,. !,.,Ti lv flip BniiiiiV hr -.airrlit. if wnrU liirl
'. ; I -all agreeJo understand alife, If one appears to
: : ' 1 ;Vlow.er and more ineonvenleMt method than i
V f: -' i ." I . ..II. ' - il " 1 1 1 V I 1 ' t '
v i j.-the.Uier,- sun u is a mcanoa wuicn can oe useu
! ; Hv.-'vvitli snrcess, and-solves the difficulty which at
Z I. .-L ,1. .-l4- -.- 11 .-i , .t ' . . ! I m r kTifafCiii-iAn ti-i h him
-1; ptf-enablii" him ib write '.with intelligence
. if tasted an J ahiliiy.. , !
Uil 'fit hasi loni boon estimated kn olject of the first
v- - imrArta7ice. at leTfst m tne literarv and scientmc
z : - & T.-iiiirrHMiL. nv. mvii aufjj ui an lniLioiis iiihv iiiLei
3 1 I li'ntlv poninimricate with one another. This was
? 1 ! ;t nor mi dv 1 e rrL'iuus ot y. umiis ana iiouiia.
:i -j KIM II 1. Ukll" llrt'T, I V, Y , I IJ s THI 1111. IL 11 III
fi -T- -1 -ii -i I . 4 : c J . - c
st Ll w iiiui iri. niv.s . v. ' ii4 j v v v
.1 -if I Ii A iiilllill .I il11ltl,M1 t- (llA litilt nnvl H lltYl Ii 1C
. r; l j i i . i. rzj i uiiiuLiuii vl iiiLi v' tir aim -uuiiiu
l- --ii. .r i i a" 'i. - 1 -a. 11.--
-i- -r- . a a. , i - , ; l x a i i l . . : i a i
. -.Mr- Jh " X -' - , x ' ...
-s -ii--; "T no nri a'li t irnt arm jt u'fiTinrf cua t iidco ara rvrii-
i ' W'irilv MicrmrmchnH - 'wit Iimiit C o rf mil 1 T l n t
j- - AA-U I 1 1 I l.T-t til." II rIII II. - II 1I.11UIJ ' A llVy A I . I V 1 M b IV 1A I
S ? -' J 1- ' :i-1 I i-' i in. Iiiii I A j-rvl t f A 1 KT oil. that tltknirll
iy : if the'soinids which' he utters are always uiiharmo-
; Tii.mti f.i- Inc .invifiiriiiniv. ran xatrpolv sunnrpssi
j i - . i : - . i ' -
Iff the j feelings of :diflAist. - In -the Institution of our
- - - I I III II I - t t, 1" I, IIH II III CI II I III LIIAmf u n UILII I lllo U.- II
f ! . I 'folldw(d;nH'th'4rft- greater : Cacility in ' the
i Syrac'ice it, less that is merely curious, and more
r - itu resnocu to tne possiointv nowever-pnearn-
iiW to converse with the. Jeaf and dumb by the
for whicli it is intended. It may verv strono- and
neat, but if it be built on wrong principles, it will
never give satisfication, and theood wife wUl al
ways be wondering why it is that her bacon is not
equal to that which she eats away from home.
Now, there is no bacon in this country superior to
that produced in Maryland, where the smoke-houses
are certainly rather primitive in their construction.
They are usually made of logs, rudely-: plastered
with clay on the outside, and thatched "with straw!
The hams are hung upon hooks driven, into the
rafters. The fire of chips covered with saw-dust,'
in order to prevent a blazel are in the iniddl of
rthe floor; anil the? smokft,' after haVinr done its
duty; escapes through the innumerable cracks and
opinings in the. walls and thatcii. Such a building
i not very ornamental, but it is much more effioi-'
ent than; those we frequently see-constructed of brick
or stone, "with tight - roof, a close-fitting" door, and
but one small aperture for the escape of the smoke.
'. A sniokedtonse can hardly be too open. Where
the walls and roof are tight, or nearly so, the smoke
condenses on the bacon, rendering it flabbv and ill
colored. To-be sure, where there is good ventila
tion, it takes much longer to complete the process,
but this delay we believe to be rather beneficial
than otherwise. Sonte' people have the fault of al
ways -'tieing in a hurry, and their bacon is never-
well sinoked. - It should be cured gradually and
slowly, and this is another reason why the Germans
are so sutressf'ul in the business. In Virginia, two
months is not considered a long time for the opera
tion, and the hams of that State are, out little in
ferior to those of Delaware. ,
Green sugar-maple chips are said to be best for
the tire, and after maple are ranked hickory, sweet
birch, and white ash or beech. Some think well
dried corn-cobs superior to every thing else ; ahd
they certainly furnish a sweet, penetrating smoke.
Saw-dust from hard wood is also excellent "tor -the-purpose.
In damp weather it is advisable to sus
pend operations, for the moisture that then settles
upon the hams is very injurious. They should
never be allowed to toueh .each, other, or to rest
against any 'flat surface, and it is quite asrimixirtant
that thev hanf with the small-ends dowmcards, ih
order to prevent the escape of the rich juices by
dripping. As a" security -against nies, some: persons
are in the habit of throwing a few red peppers up
on the lire, as often as once a week, which gives
the rind or 'skin a sharp; bitter taste that is parti
cularly disgreeable to all kinds of insects. : AVliere
the smoke-house is so situated as not to be much af
fected bv the hearts of summer, it is a capital place
for keeping the baeonafter the opertion of smoking
is perfeeted. Flies will shun a dark room, and any
that gain entrance! -maybe rendered harmless by
occasionally burnhig a : pepper or , two. If the
smoke-haus; he constructed on the Pennsylvania
plan, the smoke h at daily comes from the kitchen
tire w ill .be an additional protection, r I
The great secret in the art of smoking ham's, is
to dry thenAy fejnoke, and not by heat. 1 Where
they are kept in close proximity to the fire, they
invariably acquire a disagreeable flavor, if not be
come soft and greasy. The smoke should- not be
allow ed'-fo jeach them until it is nearly or quite
cool,' and to 'etFect this , some farmers have the fire'
outside the; building, perhaps " tw'enty or , thirty .feet
distant, an A' coilduet tlte smoke to the interior'
great importance to thiroad, that a connec tion should
be formed between this and the Seaboard and Roa
noke rail road; and instructed their President to open
k correspondence with the President of the latter road
and Jjie -Mayor of Norfolk, urging the importance of
Forming thii e ennection, and of speedily availing them
selves of the provisions of the act of 1848-9, upon
that subject! A copy of the letters addressed to these
gentlemen is also submitted. No action has yet been
taken by them upon this subject, bt it is onfidently
hoped that some steps will be speedily taken to a
complish thik.rnost desirable work.
Owinff to the dilapidated condiiion of the road,
upon the approaeh of winter, the Directors believing
it to be impracticable to continue the daily mail trains,
and to trontiport freight to anv extent, determined to
reduce the mail and passenger train to a tri-weekly,
as soon as arrangements could be made with the
Post Office department to that effect f and through
the ageiwy of the Post Master at Raleigh, they suc
ceeded in making that arrangement ; and the pas
senger trains have been rurmkig try-weekly since the
I5th Dec. last, and wMl probably continue-to do so
until the month of April. Thin, has in some measure,
reduced the receipts upon the road, from that source.
For the'Veceipts and disbursements, reterenee is made
to the Treasurer's report. ;
A memorial has been forwarded to Hon.G. E. Badg
er, one of our Senators, and to Hon. A. W. Venable,
one of our representatives in Congress, praying for
a remission or an extension of time for payment of
the duties upon the iron contracted fori atii part of
which is daily expected the one to the benate has
been presented but no action has yet been taken on it
from the othej'we have no information.
One new engine, of superior construction, hy Nop-is
&,Rrother,of Philadelphia, has been purcliased and w
now upon the road, and several new burden cars.
These, with" some slight additions and repairs to the
shops and depot in Raleigh, constitute all the outlays
upon the road, except . for the re-laying of the track,
;md those connected necessarily with the transporta
tion of persons and produce.
We have advices from the iron manufacturers,
which leave; no doubt that the greater part, if not the
whole of our iron, will be received by the month of
May. iVis, while it tf course expedites the comple
tion of thj work, will necessarily require heavy and
frequent calls upon the stockholders, unlessthey sTiall
provide other means of raising the sums required.
The report of the Treasurer w ill, shew the amount p;;id
on account of instalments. Some steps are necessary
to be adopted to enforce the payment of the instal-
ments'as called for ; a list of delinquent subscribers,
-wirl be tnrnished by the Treasurer.
The Board would recommend the adoption of a
more rigid discipline upon the road, than has heretOr
fore existed : and that a system- of regulations be
established and adhered, to,, for the government of
subordinate officers and agents. All which is respect
fully submitted, .
GEORGE W. MORDECAI, President
' Raleigh, 10th Jan, 1852.
SHOWCTS THE COST OF LATISS THE SH-AKD-A-HALf MILES OP
- - koad:
500'tons of rails, delivered at Garyaburg, (
Freight to Gaston - ......
. Distributing materials, punching iron, &c., .
Workmanship and labor in laying,
The following is the result Of the election held in
this City on Monday last, for? Ihtendant and seven
. IK TEN DA ST.
W. Dallas Haywood, no opposition, 190 votes.
Scattering votes, 14. ' -
COMMISSIONERS WESTERN WARD.
S. W. Whitings 27 ; A. M. Gorman, 27 ; C. W.
D. Hiitchiugs, 21 ; Thomas Briggs, 25. Messrs.
Whiting and Gorman elected.
COMMISSIOSERS MIDDLE WARD.
Sea ton Gales, 40 ; Edward Yarbrough, 34 ; Tho
lrnis li. Fentress, 28 ; E.'P. Guion, 18 ; John Prim
rose, 18. Messrs. Gales, Yarbrough, and Fentress
COMMISSIONERS EASTERN WARD.
Eldridge Smith, 72 ; Dr. Thomas I). Hogg, 40 ;
William C. Upchurch, 37 ; Samuel Rowland, 37.
'Messrs! Smith and Hogg elected." -
John J. Christophers was elected Constable in
District No. 1, without opposition ; and John lay-
lor was elected Constable in District No. 2, by the
following vote: Taylor 52 ; Quinton Utley 35.
EMIGBAHTS FOB CALIF0BH1A.
".- The tiood of emigration . passing through New
-Orleans to California has never been greater than
it is at presenLj These emigrants are geuerally of a
different character from those who have preceded
them, and they1 go to enrich riot to despoil. They
are principally women and children the wives and
little boys and girls of the hardy and vigorous men
who two years! ago visited the distant shores of the
Pacific, and wio by enduring peril and toil have
established ney homes for themselves ahd families.
Of the seventy-eight passengers who yesterday
sailed for Chagres on the Philadelphia, fifty-four are
women and children. Thus her sister States repay
California for the gold which she has distributed
among them and given her, for what is lent dross
in comparison,! young hearts and hands to love and
defend her, arid gentle woman to create endearing
associations anjd raise alters to peace, by every fire
side throughout her broad domains.
. 4- -,,,, vt I, hurl it rrrrin it snopch fA wlnfli lniil Tllft.-
? . j- rr ---- r - ; , r '
z- 7 7. . n . . v ... . i l . . n ..r n niT 111 1 r iif.r in ftrnri 1 nui t: t , i 1
! . :- r r ui' a i-ir miismi -k uiiuii tut; auinur lv u li uu i
, j- iiiirnei. : iir. vrouuy, a nuuisier 01 i. nervals in
I ' ,1 I .l Geneva, had a" daugliter; u who, at two years old
! r lrotjiing pf wiiit ls said to her. liut by observing
4 1 the: motions of the mouth and lips of others, she
. .'hM;qui'red-saTnan3r-W'wds,'tha out of these she
; ? lias funned a sort' -6i jargon , in which she can hold
Lt-'i timyersation -w-hoje'days with those who can speak.
I lie language. She knows ("nothing that is said to
her, unless she sees the mot)on;of theimonths that
?peak to her, so that'an tiie night they are obliged
'- ; it light candles to speak to her One thing will
ii ;aiiear the sirannfest Vart of the whole narration.
j J She .ha a sisttr witli w hom she has practiced her
J Slanguage more. than with 'any- bod7 else; and in
;-.:; the night, bv' placing her hand on her sister's lips;
jp she can perceive by that; what ?she saith, and so
r caiv discourse. -with her in ,the dark. 7
'11 :-: In the Ainerican editioji of the Encyclopedia, a
g .;.-': Tetnarkable circvinistance is mentioned, as venfaeu
It in ; some itanoes of' persons, thick of hearing
ff " They hear better and more easily it is. said, if s
i loud hoise le raised at .the time when you speak to
j-them : whiclus, owing-, no doubt, to the", greater
j tendon ot. ttie ear urura on that occasion. - Dr
i-Wallis. mentions a deaf woman, who, if a drum
j were beat in the room, could heaany thirg very
clearly ; .so that her husband hired a drummer for
ij a servant, that, by ill's means, he inight holdxon-
' iA-ftrafinn iv-it-ti ' liic vif.- T"hA iamA . ;iitli,r rrii-
, tious, another, who,.living'near a steetle, could al
i " 1 ways' hear ;erywy i, if there was w ringing o
t cT fhrjorour.beils : but never else."' ' .
: rr: : lahfeturh to closer views of the interesting1
V; . subject before us, such an institution as we now
ft jcoutetnjdate ;s by no means' a singularity in our
.J "'own country. Sevdn, .of . these, institutions, to the
:f 'lnitior of this nation, were already in existence the
lij : last Jt'ar, hi the United Staites. The fame. of Hart
frirrt'i intvnotoly otnuected in our minds with her
: syium for the deaf arid dumb, and with the name
II -. allatidet, and they ' will live together in the
S -.irieniory of men, 'adorned with "a wreath, more im
5 v. ;Peri;;hable tlmn motmihents of -brass or marble
it -. x A 'e In comes great and prosperous hot so much
j v) its'Vonijrierce and woalth,1 as. by its public jnsti-1
r -,'10 nnproveinerrt of its citizens in eve-
1 butane :nt. .This we demonstrate by the pri--inarV!iiiieret,
-we; feel v'iif visiting and enjoying
If- ' K -;1,eV'lent;iBStu'lio!is.' The anecdote of Ir.
i . !V-Parid.olpli.4nYohe' of his visits to 'England,'
j ' : 7 !,nI',,,)1,ay4!h'ai-a; butHt is xeally 'so ex
avV -'V'-- to 'presume you wille
jf . , )le:ised toJiear.it ealedthat you may etijoy it
tl ! once -more, with a zest increased- and defined' by
hi f - wcJi sympathie aour; present ineetihg betokens
"' - -''.; to be prevalent in bur bosofns; ? ,
' ; - . ( l' Continued.)' '
through a narrow, covered -trench.. By its ;piissage
through the earth, it i.k cooled and purified, . and
there can. be no danger of its giying an unpleasant
taste to the meaC A still better plan' is practised
In Westphalia, : which, asall the world knows, is
celebrated for its bacon! The smoking is perform
ed in extensive chanibwii, in the-, uppermost stories
of high builditfgs. Some are tour or nve stories
aWe the ground, andrthe sftioke is conveyed . to
them, through tubes from. fires in the cellars. The
apour is oonietieaA and the heat absorbed by.'Uthe
tubes, so that the smoke is both dry and cool when
it comes in contact w ith the meat. Many of the
inn-houses in Pennsylvania have rt'somejssat simi-
i . ...... r ,- .1 -
ar arrancemeut. A room is partitioned on in tng
frarret, next to the kitchen chirtinev, ami the hams
itre htunr from the hitters o verhead. Aear tne noorj
is a small openinsr in the. 1 chimney, by which the
smoke enters the apartment ; and, instead of return-;
ng to the flue, it finds its way into tne open air;
through the innumerable crevices in tiie root
rhe meat is thus kept perfectly dry, and it will be
fjundto have a color and! a flavor unknown in that
treated in the common method. ,
The Kossuth Fever. The Kossuth fever has
almost entirely abated in New York. After all the
fuss, froth, sound and fury, the Kossuth fund has
not reached tiie amount of fifty thousand dollars,
among a population of 600,000 people who all
profess to be dying with sympathy for poor Hun-'
gary. The tree Is known by, its fruits. They give
Kossuth plentv of fine talk, which he doesn't w ant,
but refuse him, the greater evidence of friendship
which he does! want. They desire Uncle Sam to
go to aid the tause of Hungary, but they can't put
their hands into their own pockets for the purpose.
Fifty thousand dollars ! Why, it will hardly buy
Kossuth a farm, let alone stocking it, unless some
of the man worshipping asses of the Metropolis
volunteer their personal services in that behalf.
- VALUE OF POULTRY MANURE.
Doctor Dana savs, " Tiie strongest of all manures
is found in the , poultry yard." It can be saved
with very little' trouble, and every barrel ot it will
manure' half an acre of laud. It is particularly val
uable for grfrdenersraud wo know of nothing winch
is so good for raising melons and cucumbers. There-
hould always be a iloor under the hen-roost, whicli
. r- . f . l i 1 1
must .be swept at least once a iortnignt, ana o
throwing a little - plaster over the manure, when
placed in barrels, you whT save the valuable.gases
fr.ftn beins: dissipWd in the atmosphere. Ihld.
; - -
To the President and Directors of the Ra
leigh and Gaston Rail Road Company:
Gentlemen : On the 23d day of ' September last,
vcwidid me the honor to appoint me Superintendent ot
Wnr Rail road, with instructions to commence forth-
whh. the reconstruction of the track, and to carry on
at the same time, the transportation ol trei-'ht and pas.
i sealers on the o Ui track, as well as itcjuld-be done in
- -j j:,:.. . - . . .
lis a naoiuaieu vuiiui:iun.
On the 1st of October, the r6ad was transferred to
.bs by the State authorities, and on "-making an exami
Vat'ion int its condition,! found it even worse than I
exoected. Ow in? to the imperative nature of the act
which reauited theofficers of the road to expend on it
no more tiian the revenue; they had been compelled
to run it so close, that w hen they handed it over to us
there Were scarcely' any materi ils on hand, to keep tin
road n repjir, or even wep liie cars running, ine
few engines in ue, were on their last-legs, the cars
were neiiriy atl worn out, and indeed" in, their bad eon
diiion, and the Still vvorSe state of the tra'-k, itfwas
really wonderful that .they vere able-to run at all.'
j And here I must bear testimony to the ability and
zeal with tfir oi.."-!iai httei. mu.yagzd, uiV3v-
tne circumstances, for it only had been kept up hy ihe
most unceasing exertions of all the officers from the
President down. The' task of attending to such a
road was disheartening enough ; but,-when, we add to
this he constant complaints of the public, which they
had not the means Jo satisfy, there are few men who
would iiot have given it up in despair. t
On examining the old 4rack I found it so dilapi
dated, that it would have cost nearly as miich to put
it in any kind of repair, as it would to rebuild it ou
the old plan, and I was obliged to content myself with
ordering timber and spikes, sufficient to keep it up as
it had been done; Materials were purcliased to re
pair the. engines and cars, and some few new cars were
ordered; hift the state of the track was such, that n
riiachinery could stand it long, and I considered it
wou'd b a wasie of money to put ,on ;ihy more re
pairs than V,ere absolutely necessary to keep the road
goin", as it' had been. .1
The main, thing necessary was to rebuild the track
. r , vf 'ncan Courier.
KDnED-BT-AKicTlCAL AND 4BOOKV TA'KMEK OF
FIFTV. YEARS EXPERIENCE.
, Jfcruurv tne the State, as well as d
?Aveuence-..oi oacon aepenus ujhu . uie -muuner. in that a junction should
RALEIGH AND GASTON RAIL ROAD.
We last week published, the Proceedings of the
Raleigh & Gaston Rail llofld Company, at a meet
uigjield at Henderson, on the "14th and loth insts.
Below; we present the Reports of the President
and Superintendent, which were read -and adopted
at that: meeting. j.
To the Stockholders of the Raleigh and Gas-
ton Rail Road Company: '
The President and Directors of the said Company,
respectfully, report . . -
That immediately after the meeting of your body,
held - in Warrenton. on the 15th day of September
1ast",-the Board of Directors organized, by the appoint-
, ..T . 1 n !3 t I lA'M
ment ot Ueorge w . Moraecai, an rresiaem, nuu n
liam W, Vass as Treasurer. The former accepted the
orrice until the present meeting of the Stockholder's,
Avith the undersiandinsr that he would devote as much
of '.his time to it, a he could, consistently, with the
discharge of hi other duties, and that he would re
ceive no compensaliou for his services, but would oil
ly change, his necessary travelling expenses.
The Treasurer exeiuted his bond with ample se
curttyiu the sum of 25,000, w hich is conditioned fur
the faithful discharge of his duties. . . ; -
.-h.lievincrhat IL H Bird. Esq., of Petersburg, pos
sessed, in a high decree, alN he qualifications required
for general sujK'rintendent. and that his appoint ,
ment voul.d give general satisfaction to the Stockhol
ders, and being aware that he had facilides for expe
dMiig the work, w hich no other person possessed, the
Boird of Directors aprniinted him general SureTinten
derit, w'ith a salary of "$2,000 per annum ; and, he
forthwith entered upon the discharge of his, duties.
He succeeded -in procuring for the Seaboard and
Rrianoke Rail Road Company, 500 tons of T iron, the
kind used in the-construction of that road, the whole
of which has been laid ; and he also -procured 3o0
tofts, imported for the Southside Rati Koad Cmpa-.
nv ofthe U or Bridge pattern, which is' now being
laid ; the whole distance nov re-laid being seven miles
For a particular detail of the operations upon the road,
they refer to the report of the Superiiitendent, marked
A, accompanying this report.
Believing it to be a matter ot great lraponanco
e interests of the two roaas,
formed hetwe'en this road
:m fast as nossible. The contract for the iron rath
having been entered info at the meeting of the stock
holders, I proceeded to make contracts for sills along
the whole line, to be delivered in time for the iron :
and not Wishing to iloe any time in vvai-ing for thai,
I purchased from tiie Seaboard and Roanoke Rail
Road Company, T rails, sufficient for six and a half
miles; and .also from them and the Petersburg Raii
Road Company, sills sufficient to lay them. A force
of workmen was organized to do the Work, and -We
commenced hiying rails about the 1st of November.
At the same time I ordered from Norris & Brothers,
. J i' "fct iH7n. zr.
a, locomotive engine, auu irom ir. ens, oi i eiers
burg, a number of flat cars, all of'Avhich were wanted
to haul matenals on the new track, as fast ai .it was
laid. The engine has been received and is now most
usefully employed in dmng the work for which it was
i a . j " i i i :. .:n u j..
oraerea ; anu wuen uc r-uuu in uouc n ui oe reauj
to take its place in doing the regular transportation,
for which it is well adapted..
Up to the 1st of January, we had laid the rails pro
cured from the Seaboard Company, and then com
menced on a cargo of iron which we had the good
fortune to procure from the Southside Rail Road Com
pany. By the date of the annual meeting, we shall
have laid nearly eight mils of road. I expected to
have had three or four miles more than this, but the
inclemency of the season has prevented it.
.-! The six and a half miles we laid up to the lstinst..
cost $31,924. including iron and all charges. Of this
$2,1"8 was for the labor of laying it. This is greater
in proporiion than the rest of the road will cost, for
we had to employ white labor neariy all together, and
that at a "high price, as it had to be assembled in a
hurry. This was done, as it was not only an object
of the greatest importance to lay the road as hist as
it could be done, but it was so near hiring time, that
we w ould soon be able to dispense with such an ex
pensive force. We have succeeded in hiring negroes
enoughat fur prices to do the labor, and are now en
gaged iii organizing the force o as to work it to the
most advantage.- ,
: A cargo of our iron has just arrived, and the con
tractor informs me that several more eargoe have been
shipped, and we 'may look for them every day. We
have an abundance ot snls now deliver .ng, ana H tne
iron comes as f.it as it is expected, we shall be able to
continue laying rails every day ; and as the spring ad
vances we shall, of course, be able today hem faster.
With "ordinary good weather, and no delay in receiv
ing the materials contracted for, we expect to have the
iroadtompleted by September next.
' ' H. D. BIRD, Superintendent.
New York, Jan. 16.-r-The steamer Asia has ar
rived with one week later news from Europe.
France. At the latest accounts Parts was per
fectly quiet. The whole number of votes cast at
the election was o,llb, i d, ot which Liouis JNapo-
leon received 7,439,216 ; against him 640,737;
majority 6,698,479. He was inaugurated ou the
1st. inst, and the ceremonies passed off without
- Cries of "Vive Napoleon".!;fol!owed the speech.
On the same evening, the j diplomatic corps was
presented to the President by the apostolic nuncio.
The Archbishop of Paris, in I his address to Napo
leon, offered his congratulations aud good wishes
for the success of the high mission God had con
fided to him. Thd President thanked him in a
short speech, ;
The Canon of the Invalides fired a salute of ten
guns for every milliqn of votes obtained by the
President. s "
The Glpbe's correspondent says that Louis Na
poleon constantly assures persons about him, that
he desires peace, because it is the duty of this po-
sition, and the, only means jot re-estaDiisiiing tiie
finances and placing trade on a prosperous footing.
It is understood, that in order to tranquilize for
eign governments, Napoleon' .will instruct all his
ambassadors, desiring them to give their courts tin
most positive assurances of his desire for peace.
The Tuilleries will henceforth be the official resi
dence of the President.
England. The proposeddoan of 200,000 for
the Great Western, of the Canada Company, on 6
per cent, debentures, re-payable-in 1857 has been
completed in London. j
The'London Morning Advertiser states that the
cause of Palmerston's v resignatiop was the inter
ference on the part of the lrime Minister with the
affairs of the Foreign Secretary. - Lord Palmerston
on learninff the fact, was fudignant. and demanded
an explanation. The answer ;of the Premier was
vague and shuffling, and the result was a lengthened,
correspondence" between the! parties.
Washington, Jan. 10. -The
Affair with Chevdlier Hulsernann His Adroit
,Diplmmcn Denial for lite Russian Minister-
HulsevwUnt's Withdrawal or Dismissal, dc.
The course of Che'valier llulsernann, the Aus
trian Charge, has, for . some time past, been very
irritating towards this Government. It is known
that he was so annoying to; the Secretary of State,
by means of frequeutWrsonal representations and
interviews touching tlnj course of our Government.
towards Kossuth and the 'Hungarian rebels, thai
the Secretary thought it prudent and proper to no
tify him that thereafter he "must, wheiie.er he held
communication with the department, address the
Secretary in , writing. ; M. llulsemaini is a very
adroit diplomatist, xmd is Careful to avoid the use
Of any exceptionable phnises in his letter?, i per
ceive he has notexposed himself -to any rebuke, or
dismissal, on that scote, as the French Minister .did
in his correspondence with? Mr. Clayton.
The Russian Minister has not written any thing
to our government on the subject of Kossuth's re
ception or the attention paid to him here. The ru
mor that Mr. ISodisco had! united with Mr. llulse
rnann in remonstrating tothe President against the
.!m.pr to Kossuth and the ireeuee and
ArpoixTMEjNT bt the President. Tho. Clarke,
of North Carolina, Surveyor and Inspector of the
revenue, for tle port of Tombstone, in the District
of Edenton. j
We cut thei above from a newspaper published
in the year 1802. Will any of our readers be good
enough to ijiform us where the port ot tombstone
w as lRaleirjlk ( A . C.) Weekly lot.
iii , i -1 . i . , ....... x . i . . w i . .... i
ine port 01 lomosu'ue wiiisnuabcu uu oaimoiiu ( vo
Creek, Bertie county, about one and a half 'miles
from its nioutjh, on the estate of Wm. Dr-tw, Esq.,
who, beinga large ship owner, had this place made
a port of entry for his own convenience all that
i j. f . i T . ,i . ... e .ii 1
is leit oi tins port is tne remains oi an oiu voueii
building.. Norfolk ( Va.) Beacon.
Shocking ITragedy. On the 20th ult., a man
mimed Samuel Scott, residing in Ashe county, N. C,
near the Virginia - line, who had been confined in
jail, as a lunatic, and only discharged a few days
before, rose from his bed about midnight armed,
himself with a cutting knife, and fell upon his fath
er and mother with whom he lived and instant
ly killed them both, horribly mangling both bodies,
lie then stan ed off to the house of his brother, in
formed him of what he had done, and coolly pro
posed to send for a coonor. He was swbseqnently
Ssow ik New OnLKiira.-Thwe was quite
fall of snow on the 12th. inst, at New Orleans. It
jay to the depth of six inches on the ground. This
is the first time duriug the last twenty years that
such a fall of snow has occurred theie.
.7HEfirst 8tone of a .Protestant Church., was.
laid m Turin, Italy, short time since. '." Among
the persons of distinction present, were the Ameri
can, English, and Prussian Miuistre.
Death of the Mothsr of Ex-Pbkidsnt Polk.
e learn from-Columbia, Tenn that the mother
of the late Ex-President Polk died in that place on
the 12th inst, of apoplexy. v . -
Charles Dickens, in tiie last number of Hous
hold Words, says that the watchwords of France
are now " Liberty, Equality, Fraternity; and Mus-
ketry!" : - (
The ship Western, World cleared at Mobile for
Havre, a few days ago, with 4,011 bales of cotton,
valued at $147,003. .
The Rev. Sehastian Streeter.of Boston, has mar
ried 3,174 couples in 27 years an average of over
100 per year. ; . j
C. R. Bishop, declined the appointment of Teller
in the Exchange Bank of Virginia at Petersburg,
and Leroy Roper was elected in his place. .
; It is said that one out of sixteen of tiie Boston
population, or 9,000 in all, is a pauper.
The Harrisonburg (Va.) Register says that the
mercury on TJirsday morniife last, at daylight,
was seven degrees below zero.
Mr. Rives, our Minister to France, has been in
structed to recognize the authority -of LouisvNa
poleon, it is said. '
FIRE IN PETERSBURG A CARD.
We have received the following Card from the
editor of the Petersburg Intelligencer, and intro
duce it into our columns for the benefit of the sub
scribers to that paper. We are sj?rry to hear of
I the accident, and wfish. thei hotel ligericer a speedy
i .... - :vti ,. : .y 3
covery irum lis prostration. --v v :
"The Officebf the Petere'rjurg'-IiiCelligencer was
destroyed by fire on Monday nioraijigarid; the
consequetK'e is, that a few days'mustselapse'defofe
the publication can be resumed. .-'In -the .mean
time I ask the indulgence of my subsenbdrs, pledg
ing myself to resume work as sjiSeililf .'as possible. '
. January 21, 1852;" ' w
THE LATEST MARfSfS.--
' RALEIGH MARKET Wholesale Prices.-.
The LateiSnovv Siorm (Railkoaos Blocked
Up, &c. Dunkirk Jan; 15 The passenger trains
on tiie Erie Railroad have been . unable to run be
tween 'this place and Ilornelsville for the last three
days, on account of the great depth of snow ou the
track. . Yesterday, six engines were sent out from
here, and were unable to force a passage. All the
freight trainsi have been abandoned for the present.
The snow between Dunkirk -an4-Dayton is fron,
five to seven feet deep, The weather is now clear
sun shining brightly.
REPORTED EirRESSI.T FOR THE WEEKLY TOST,
By JORDAN WOMBLE,
Grocer, Hargats Stkeet, Raleigh. ' .
Interesting Discovery. Professor llolmes,
tf Charlestiii College, has discovered upon the Coast
I of South Carojtiria a number of cririid star-fishes,
or, as they aijev popularly -called, liily-stars, or stone
lillies. Professor'Agassiz, to whom they have been
submitted for . examination, and who studied this
Thursday 'January J8.
Beef, on the hoof, $4 00; $ hundred. 7' ' ..' , , "'
Butter Fresh, 20c, f fo - - '; - " ... '-j
Corn -SO 85c, bushel. V
Floor Scarce, at $4' 50 $4 75, as to quality.
Fodder $1 00 (t$ $J 10, hundred. t
Hides Dryl 0c, ia barter.
Meal 90c $ bushel.
Oat-Sheaf, 80c hundred.
Teas White, 80c, U bushel ; Yellow,. 70 75c, .buflhel.
Pork $7 00, small supply. '
PETERSBURG MARKET Wholesale Prices.
REPORTID EXPRESSLY ' FOR THE WEEKLY POST,
By Messrs. McILWAINE; BROWNLEY & Co.
, Grocers and Commission Merchants.
PETERSBURG. VA.. -
' Tuesday, Jan. 20
llacon New Western sides 10.
.e -L.l 1 .: ,1 1.:ll U ; X4.l m iui,.ww xjum.
group ot aniiiuus w iui nuuai s.m, .t Di.atrj Corn2X 65c jjt bushel of 56 2.
tKMieves tliem to -oe tne nrst anu omy sjeei-es inai
has been foijmd upon tliQ Atlantic fCoast of tiie
United fetatet?. ' '
RiciiMOxnj. Our friend of the FreJen'cksbiirg
News, who his recently visited our city,, says : wVe
think the metropolis, of Viginia one of the most
U-autiful and imi)roving cities in the Union. And
there is nothing in which these iiiroveuu'rits man
ifest themselves more than in the liouses for public
iiccommovhition. Some fifteen years ago there .was
not a good fiotel in the cit There were few, and
ihoe few b:Ar kept. .Now there are some dozen
of as good hju"ses as we meet w itli any w here."
sjK'ech of the Secretary of.jSute on the occasion, is
not correct. Mr. lWisco is too wise to commit so
undiplomatic an act. It must be presumed that
Mr. llulsernann, iu making his complaint to the
President of the presence of the Secretary of State
at the Kossuth banquet, acted in conformity with
the spirit of his instructions from his government,,
and which he had, in 'part, communicated to the
Secretary of State six or eiglit weeks ago. It was
thought" then that Mr. Iulsemann had. been in
structed to retire from his mission as soon as any
official recognition had been accorded to Kossuth.
It now appears that M. Kossuth considers the par
ticipation of the Secretary of State in a complimen
tary dinner to Kossuth as such a recognition.
the President, after due consideration of. this re
presentation from M. Hulsemann, and after con
sulting the Secretary ' of State in regard to it, has,
it is believed, referred the subject to the Secretary.
The only question seems to me to be tins : wne
ther Chevalier Ilulseinanh will at once withdraw
from his mission, under his instructions, or wait a
day or two to be dismissed. The question proba
bly is, whether he will i-k for his pasjorts, or
whether they shall be sent to him without his re
quest; A foreign minister has: no right to address the
President In this ease, the interference of M.
llulsernann is particularly offensive. I have no
doubt that it will meet with serious notice. Ion.
Cor. Bait. Sun. s
The M ainIe Liquor Law. Un W etlitesaar xt
a Tanu ueinQiistratioii win ue m.ic m
the Sons of "jTemperance, numbering 6,000 strong,
who are to- appear m the streets m uil rcgaiia, to
present to tiie Massachasetts Legislature the peti
tion -of citizens in various parts of the State, in favor
of the passage of a law similar to the one in Maine.
All the Railijoads leading to tlw city have reduced
their fare fori that day.
Cotton. The demand in the latter part of last week was
active prices generally at. 1 7'c, in some cases was
paid and one sale was made of 150 bales at 8c. The loreipi
news pr. ' Asia," showing a: decline of d in Liverpool has
weakened the marketsaiea this week are small, soma small
lotsat7 (g; 7 ,4'c.
Flom Very firm the foreign news is favorable, showing
an advance on. the other side.
Pork Some small lols.selling at $7.
U.. E. Peas Wanted at 65c buihel, for good parcels.
Sugars Brown, d ! Tc. .
Tobacco With i small receipts the denfand continues
good and prices are fully sustained.
t heat Red 80 (g 85t White, 85 90c. Wanted by
the millers and fiill prices are paid. ,
W hte Beans Wanted ai tl '25, for good parcels. t
No changes of consequence in Groceries: Another severely
cold spc'.l of weather, which retards trade ; out doors work
cannot be attended to with any comfort ;. river and canal
closed with Ice. :"
RICHMOND MARKET Wholemle Prices.
EmigratiO.v from rsoRTit Carolina to Cal
ifornia. It is said that a considerable emigration
of slave ow ners, with their slaves, is going forw ard
to California! from North Carolina who are versed
in the business of gold digging. -A party of twenty
three North iCarolinians arrived at Charleston afew
d.ivs ao-o, with twenty-nine slaves,, who are about j
to tike passage in th-e tsaoei, lor Havana, purij
sincr to take the overland route.
, T : r
K PORTED EXPRESSLY FOR THE WEEKLY POST.
By J. N. GORDON &. SON,
Grocers and Commision Merchants,
At St. Lburs, on the 12th ult considerable ex
l i ., i ii. - rT..:
Tuesday, Jan. S0-.
Beeswax None in market. Nominal price, 22 23el
Butter Prime firkin, 14 g 16c; common, 10 lKc;
Fresh roll, 18 20c.
Bacon New Western Sides, 10c ; Shoulders, 9 9;
Hams, 11 12c. ' '
Cotton Raw 8c ; Yarns 17c, for Nos. 4 12. '
Cons 50 65c.
Coffee Rio, 8 9 ; Laguira, 9 90 ; Gap
v-luch jt .raiay sritoked.. --indeed,, we look .upon and the NorihiCaroliua rail road.; the Directors
T I I . . j . . : . i .... A ai. 'r . ...1 .1 t . . .. . . I , t t a
i'liiucieu tne I'rcsiaent io present a uieiumwi
president and Directors Of the latter Company, u
the subject of the location of their road and depot,
through, and in the city of Raleigh. This has-been
done and a copy of the memorial, marked B, with the
reply of thePresident and Directors of the No.thCaro
ia Rail Ro;id Company is herewith submitted.
'Tb Directors aUo conceived it to be matter of
itbns part of the process as more important than a
f goodi feceipfijiir picking A ham that is well
tliclvled may be spoiled in smoking, it, and then ino
; skill Th:-eookeiy wjll tike away its-dark color and
strong; rancid tasted' : ' ..." . .
In; buildintr a 'smoke-house. the farmer is more
f apt to reguad external appearance, than the object
ADDITION TO TIIE REPORT OF THE SU
PERINTENDENT. . -.;
LIST OF AGENTS
EMPLOYED IX LAYING THE NEW TRACK, WITH tflHR COST
THE company: :
Mr. Burdick, General Overseer,, has charge of all the par
ties of workmen, lays out the work, inspects the timber,
Sic. pavj per mwnth, $100
R". G. Poole $60 ptr irfonth.V
John Stockman, f " I Overseers.
R. A. Wrydal, . .. 40 : f
W Biow 40 - J
Pool is an engineer and gives the levels and centre lines.
As there is not enough of this work to employ him constantly,
he has charge of a party of hands.
In addition to the above, there is one
tracklayer, at $2 00 per day,
4 ditto, at 1 30
1 6 ditto, at 1 5J5 "
and, at present. 40 to 5J laborers. - We shall soon have at
work about 100 laborers, and shall have to employ one or
two more overseers.
' ' ' Jl. D. BIRD, Superintendent.
Jan. 14, IS 52.
Filler's .Computing Telegbaph. -Mr. Fuller,
the patentee of this ingenious invention, has pre
sented a copy for our Inspection and use, and is at
present in the city for thei purpose of waiting upon
our citizens and supplying any demand that may
exist. We cannot attempt an. elaborate description
of the mathematical contrivance, but to most er
sons, and to all who are unacquainted w ith the gen
eral princiDkfe of the sliding rule, it will be an
to interesting curiosity, at th same time that it ex
hibits great practical utility. It turnisncs tne means
of. determining in a moment almost any question
of numbers, computing interest on any. sum and
for any period of time ; averaging accounts or
equation of payments, calculating dividends ; and
indeed adapting itself to every branch of business.
54r. F iu illustrating its power, threw, oil in a
moment the answers to -a variety of questions, as
V the cost of legislation per day, per week, per
month, of any number of members, and at any a
mount per diem. A few hours of study and prac
tice would impart a great proficiency in the ue of
this very convenient scale, and save an immense a
mount of laber. - We doubt not it will commend
itself very readily to popular use. Bait. Sun.
S 9c ; Java, 12j VZc.
,..,n. M,m,I,1 inu rt. Hull's Dnt. l3c ; bct
. , . t Ma - 'vr a x w - -
citement was caused by the seizure, by the umtea I Adamantine, 25 30c ; Sperm, 45c
States Marshal, of fifteen or twenty steamlioat?, : cheese Goshen in boxes, 7;
lving at th wharf ot that city, this procedure
was occasioned by the failure of the owners of thee
boats to renew their licences. The penalty is a fine
of 5U0 eaclj. ' ' , 1
Lola Mo xtez in a w. It is stated that
those with Svhom Lola Montez was boarding m
Waveriey Iiace, New York, had such dilScuity
with her, that it was found necessary to call in the
ri;!)iice to assist in forcibly ejecting her firom the pre
mises. Befpre they came, however, her counsel
amicably arranged the difficulty.
ArihvalI of the Sieamship Lsiox
steamship Union arrived at New York on Thurs- ;
day, from New Orleans, San Juan, and Chagres, j
having sailed from the latter place on the 5th inst. j
She stopped at Kingston twenty -tour hours.
The Kingston, Jamaica, papers, of which ye
have received tiles, .state that the cholera has again
broken outiat 'Savanna-la-Mar, in a roost malignant
form, and that from the 29th to the 30th of De
cember, there were 20 cases, of which 15 proved
Fish Roe Herrmsrs. $6; MackerelJ, 9 50
110; No. 2, $8; No. 3, $4 75.
Feathers Sales at 38c 40c ; supply. small. ,
Flaxseed fl 10 25, fr good to prime.
FIonrr-Richmond superfine. MX ; Scottiville, tH-GnaV-Best
Peruvian, $47 50, V ton of 2000 H.
IronSwedes, $! 50 $95, ? ton ; American rollei"
$65 $75 ; English, $45 (t S-) ; best American Sheet Iron,
5c ; English 4 4c tb ' '
Leather Good sole, ovsr weightt, 13 13e ; Middlo
weights, 14 15e.; damaged, 10 Uc, as in qoalhy.
Liquors Brandy, Otard,,Lupay Ot o.y wi ,
A Seignette, $1 75 ; Imitation, 33c; Virginia Apple, 40
Tli- 1' 50c : old, 62i g 5 ; New England Rum,3 29c; Rich-
1 UVS ' . . .... . , n I I
mond Kectihed wnisitey, jc, in uwrew. ,
Lard. New in kegs, lpKc ' -
Molasses Sweet Cuba, 20 24c ; Porto Rico, ;
New Crop Orleans in barrets, 32 33c.
Nails Best Richmond brands, 30 ; common 3 3
-r Oils Winter bleached, $1 35 ; unbleached,$l 30 ; Whals,
60c. ; Solar, 60 65c ; Tanners, $t I $1 50 $ barrel.
... Data Up country, 40c ) bushel. ;
Potatoes Northern. Mercer, 70 75c, bushel. y
Rye-Prime for distilling will bring 75c. - :
Rice Freeh beat, ZH 1 ' . i.
Steel-American Blier,$107K $IW V npf
Cast, 16c lb "
Salt $1 373, from Vharf; $1 50 from store. .
Vmr.ixik Ij-.vatic Asylum: Durtnz the past i
var this institution had 400 patients, an increase j Shot 5c 2 ; Lead, w 9-- .. Ja KU. . Hrt,
of 58 ovtr khe previous vear ;' 45 were discharged Soap-Browh, 2 . 4c ; Yellow, M W ,
cured ; lolimproveU, 2 mtunprovea, a etaweu, anu ;T' " AfiLT- tea 6c, for (air nulity;
ue prouuets oi tiie laoor oi t"'- iuiiv
amounted fn value to 15,527
Orleans. 5 M
West India sugars, none in market oi pnm quuvr. .
Teas-Gunpowder, fOo $1 :nmo to i .
Comet bssEavo ilol right EnckA j Blck -S. t- T
comet was K)bservcJ at the iatKnat jip rvau,iry m . ber imwTved rate ; we qoote lgs, $3 Q
Washington, by Mr. Ferguson, through the large j $ quality; loose pareeV$i 73$.'
e4Uaioriai.t ine comet is uescnuca wheat rnme re, twe; wtuet w o V mum.
! Demand gaw. S , ' "
Owing to the excessive cold weather, the chank of eo
; munication are again closed up by ice, and bumae oonat
ReceipU of Flour during the week past. Terj Bht. we
quote Richmond and Scotsville snperfine $4K & which
is a shade better than last quotation. With tfcw eseeftioa ws .
have no dnge to note ia onr marksts sinee tajc taooitr
nebula, with brilliancy capable of bearing only the
faintest illumination. f ,
Missio aries in China. There are now 5
Protestant missionaries m China, connected with
fifteen dit&reut missionary societies ; being an in
crease of 55 in nine years. Of these 48 .w Amer
ictns, 25 Kngiish, 3 Gennan, 2 Swfes, 1 Swedish
and l 'unoonnected.