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" V . . rV v Far the Weekly Post.
A CHABADE . ' ;
My first's what we all have been,
The wrople, and tho wgej yft
And will from g to apfe be keen,
' To Vary life' dull page,
My second every lady wears,
And will its comfort own;
The hmored bard whose name it bears,
' Scarccboasled more renown. v
Myjyhole, a season all must say
y Is Beautiful and .bright ; y; . ; ,
But soon it fades'tis fleet aa day,
We scarce can claim its rijjht.
Answer next week.
'.-.'. ' . ENIGMA.
.First Jake a word that doth silence proclaim'
That backwards and forwards doth stilt spell the same.
Then add; to the firs-t a feminine name.
That back vi.rdssnd forwards doth still spell the came.
An instrument to that, Lawyers oft' frame,
That backwards and forwards doth still spell the same.
Then oue signifying Father, a Svri.ic name, ... f
. That backwards arid forwards doth still spcTl the same.
A fi.nd rord forUnothers, which ail wilt proclaim,
Both back wardaiid forwardn willj still spell the same.
The iuitia of these, when joinVd, formed a name n -Which
every young lady when married, will claim,
And backwards and forwards doth still spelt the same.
Erchnnge pager. .j V V- '''
Answer next .week. ' . '
Answer to the Enigma in the Post of the 1 7th
" Weekly Post." t , s
- Answer to the Enigma of last week" Nortllcaro
lina Reader." v '
Night'. Sioc of Nature: ok. Ghosts a v:v
. Giios, Sesks. -My C- tHEHiNE Crowe. Nko
. ; York X J. S. RvdjH'l, Clinton Hall. Raleigh :
i levers 'of- the .marveloui, we recommend
ryihis book; as exceclin in wonders all tho dreams
of th eir childhood, or the horrors they uiav have
I hjeard . in the nursery , . These stories of "ghosts,
. 1 wraitlis, second siglit; dreams, ttc, Mrsi Crowe na'r
i rates, witlfsufh an v air of verity; that we must be
: lieveshehas faith in her own statements; but never-.
thelesve are loth to give credit to tliem, unless es
tablished, bvthe fullest evideiice-we are inclined to'
say likeCone'of olfj, " unless we see,' vc will not be--iiiey.e.';:.AVetnee4
not fear to know the truth; what
ever that may be, and it is in the highest deoree
unphilosophical to disbiilieve, because we cannot
understand or explain ; we are surrounded by mys
tery ourselves a mystery. . The present, as well
the future, is to us shrouded in darkness. " Any-'
; thing- that casts a ray. of light on, this darkness,,
we should gladly w'elcbme, and patiently examine
; and weigh the factsj which come to our knowledge.
" One great difficulty attends such investigations
" we cannot depend, upon the evidence of our sens
r es, and .are more pnbleUo be deceived, than, when
put experrmecfcreVith material tilings. AVe can
. not " caji a .)irit from,, the vasty deed," that we
: ttiayexaimTne and experiment upon it, we can only
:' consider. and compare those facts, in which we can
place confidence Mrs. Crowe's work professes to
be such a collection of, facts, and is, if not a valua
ble, a curious :book. We. refer the reader to it for
a multitude of singular narratives, but will extntct
a dream, wliich was publishetl a few years ago, in a
Scotch paper, and which seemed to be too well au
thenticated, to admit ot a doubt.
" Some ninety years ag there flourished in
Glasgow, a club of young men, which, from the ex-
treme proliigacy of its members, and the licentious-
j j hess Of their orgies; was commonly called the 4 Hell
1 .. Club !' Besides their nightly or weekly meetings,
they held one grand saturnalia, in which each tried
to excel the other in drunkenness and blasphemy ;
and d(n these occasions there was no star- among
them,wlj6se luridHight -was tnore conspicuous, than
v. that of: yiounjl Mr. Archibald li , who, endow
i ed witli brilhant talents, and a handsome person,
had held out ' great promise in -his boyhood, 'and
raised hopeswhich h:wl been completely frustrated
by his subsequent reckless dissipations. .
"One morning, after returning fnmi 'tlieif annual
.festivHl, MK Archibald li-r-: - havitii; retireil to bed!
dreamed the following dream : ' '
V' "Ie fancied that he himself was mounted on a
favorite blaek- horse, that he always rode ; and thaiM
he was proceeding toward his own house then a
country seat, embowered by trees,' aud situated upon
a mil, now entirely built owr, and "forming-part of
the citv- when a stranirer, whom the darkness of
mg-.it prevented his aistnn
seized his (horse's rein,, say
night prevented his distinctly discerning, suddenly
ring, l ou must go wita
" ';And whoareyou-?' exclaimed the young man,
. : with a' volley of oathsr while he struggled to free
himself. " ' ' ' -v
. u tTli;xt you will see,, ly-and-by !' returned the
r- other, in a -tone that excited uuaccountiible terror in
the .youth, who, plunging his. spurs into his horse,
Vttenipted JO tiy. But in. vain : ihowever fast the
; animal rlew, the stranger was stUl beside him, till;
" at length, in his desperate efforts to escape, tha'ri
def was throw,h ; but , instead of being dashed to
r the earth, as he expectel, he found himself falling
falling falling still, as' "if sinking into' the bowels of
tlie earth.; . -.'
"At length, a period being put to this mysterious
descent, he' found breath to inqiiire of hiscompau-
, . ionf w ho was still beside himwhither they were go
ing: 4 Whereain l- where are you taking ine V
--. he exclaimed. , . ; -
"' To hell I'ireplied the stranger, and immediate
ly interminably echoes repeated the fearful sound,
' To hell ! to hell f to hell!' ; ".
. . . "t length a ligfit appeared, whicl.i zoort increas
ed tb a blaze"; but, instead of the cri8, and groans,
and lamentirigs, whicliheterrified traveller expect
ed, nothing .met his ear buLsounds of music, mirth,
and jollity ;. and "he found himself at the entrance
of a superb building, far exceeding any heluidseen
' constructed by human Jiaiids. "Within, too, what a
scene ! 'No amusement, employment, or. pursuit of
man on earth, but was , hce being carried on with
a vehemence that excited his -unutterable amaze--ment.
. .' There the young and lovely still swam
through I the mazes of tlie giddy dance ! There
the panting steed still bore his brutal rider through
V the excitements of the .goaded race ! - There, over
the Vidnicrht bowl, the iii temperate still drawled
out the wanton song or maudlin blasphemy 1 The
gambler plied for ever ' his endless game, and the
slaves of Mammon toiled through eternity their
, bitter task ; while all the magnificence of earth pal-
ed before that which uow met his view !'
' He soon perceived that he- was among old ac
quaintances, whom he -knew tobe dead ; , and each
he observed was pursuing the" object, whatever it
was, that had formerly engrossed him ; when, find
ing himself .relieved of the presence of his unwel
come. conductor, he ventured to ddress his former
! fri&nd Mrs. D - whom he saw setting, as had
. been her wont oh earth,1 absorbed at loV), requesting
her to rest from the game, and introduce him to
the -pleasures pf the place, which appeared to him to
be. very unlike wh:it he had expected,, and, indeed,
r an" extremely agreeable one. But, , with a cry of
agony; she answered, 'that there was no rest in
hell ; that they must ever toil on at those very
"pleasures: and innumerable voices jaehoed through
the interminable vaults, 4 There is xk rest in hell I'
" -whllel throwing open theit-ests, each discjoaed in
his boeom,.an-?ej burning flame ! These, they
said; were the pleasures of -hefl ! i Their choi( on
eartlr was now their inevitable doom ! In the
midst of the horror this scene inspired, his conduc
tor returned and at his earnest entreaty, restored
him again to earth ; but, as he quitted him ho
ai. Remeinber ! in' a year and a day, we meet
again!' i . rf-;-. . '
'"At this crisis of his dream, the eleeper awoke,
feverish and ill ; and, whether from the effect of
his dream, or of his. preceding orgies,' he was so
unwell as to be obliged to keep his bed for several
days, during which period he had time for many
serious reflections, which terminated in a resolution
to abandon. the cjub and' his licentious companions
altogether. .. ; : , '
u lie was no sooner well, however, than they flock
ed around him, bent on recovering so valuable a
member of their society, and having, wrung from
him a confession of the cause of his defection,
which, as may be supposed, appeared to them emi- '
nently ridiculous, tiiey soon contrived to make Mm
ashamed of his good resilution. He joined tliem
again, resumed his former bourse of life : and when
the annual saturn:ilia came round, he found him
self with his ?las in his band at. tb table whfn
the president rising to make the accustomed speech,
began with saying,.-. Gentlemen, this being leap
year, it is a year and a day since our last anniversa
ry, Ac' The words struck upon the young;
man's ear like a knell ; but, ashamed to expose his
weakness' to tlie-.jwrs.of .his C9rapahiohs,he sat
out the feast, plying himself with wine, even more
liberally' than usual, in order to drown his intrusive
thoughts-; till in the gloom of a winter's morning,
he Amounted his horse to ride home. Some hours
afterwards, the horse .was- found, with his saddle
and bridle oh, quietly 'grazing by the road side,
about half way letveen the city and Mr. B- 's
house; while, a few yards off, lay the corpse of his
- , For the Weekly Post.
"FITZ VAN WINKLE" Aim "THE NORTH
t CAROLINA READER." ' j
Mr. "Wiley :; Within tlie present week, I ha-$
niet with your; work, entitled "The North Caro
lina Reader," as Well as two articles in the Raleigh
Register, signed " Fitz Yah Winkle,'' evidently
designed by the writer to forestall public opinion as
to the ments of your work, and ir possible, to des
troj its patronage among the good people of the
Old North State, .. ' ,
,. We have but a partial acquaintance with .each
other, but permit' me, sir, to congratulate, you,
upon your success, in getting out a work 80 admir
ably adapted to the object had in' view ; nor do
I hesitate at the same time, to offe.' my congratu
lations to our own, our native State, upon this ;
poriant arid nvaMai'additiou to its literature,
for a desideratum has. been supplied that had been
greatly wanted. Here is a book whih should be
found iu every ' house, and Vith Which every
school in. Carolina should be well supplied. But
whilst the friends and patrous ot ur State litera
ture are pleased and gratified, the soul of " Fitz
Van Winkle" "hai grown sick. lie is too exotic in
his nature, to be pleased with any effort that might
be made, to elevate the character of. our State li-.
terature, or be gratitid at any success that might
attend such an enterprize. lie seems to beloiig to
th:tt geinfs of men so fitly portrayed in the preface
to your book, but possessed pf too much blindness
of intellect, to discover the unlovely features of his
own likeness, when ho has kokejl therein. His
.Italian-2m is offended at your success. TheproR
pect of the popularity of the "North Carolina Read
cr," causes him to evince a squeamuhncs3 disrobed
of all delicacy whatsoever ; and as 'a would-be
critic, he seizes his pen and enters upofi a crusade
against it in- tlie columns of he Raleigh Re-'
gister. " , : ' ;. -j
Don Qi -Jfee has lived aridinecrfuTtiTxP
ism has n t died with him.. The tactics of our hero
seem to hav e been drawn from the Quixotic school ;
for he charges furiously upon the book in question,
but inflicts no injury; j
lie denounces it as being less than what it
purports to be, but; tolls us not, wherein j it falls
short. He affects all the delicacy of the connoisseur,
but displays not one solitary trait of a true critic.
He makes the onset without bringing forward or
laying down any established rules of criticism, and
he falls ascompletely confounded, as Quixote did
from the wheel of the windmill. He entered the
list as a critic, made no etfortto review the work,
but blustered, and labored to enter sentence of con
demnation against it. Indeed I might sum up his
ungenerous efforts in this case, by saying, he has"
wroughtjout for himself, the distiiiction of a distin
guished failure. . , j
Many books are possessed of beauties and ex
cellencies, iihd are justly . entitle to merit. None,
perhaps, ara -destitute ojf literary defects. The
true critic will never pass oyer excellencies to .
notice defects.. The preteuoed , one will searcn
for, and pick" -at- defects, as the sable fowl that
riiLs -through the air, would disregard the most
delicious meats, and feed upoij putrescent bodies.
Mr.. "Fitz Van Winkle" has objected) to two
sentences in the North Carolina (Reader, but
has refused to.try either bV any rule of priti
cism. It would seem that the sentiments there
in contained; do . not suit his palate. Hence,
he closes Jus eyes to all the excellencies ' and
clustering beauties that pertain to the book ; and
forsooth, Condemns it' altogether. Mr. Blair, in
his lectures, upon rhetoric and belleslettres, re
views the writings of Addison in the Spectator.
He first commended and pointed out the beauties f
his author. In the next place, he brought to view,
his defects and incongruities having laid down es
tablished rules by which to try each and, finally,
says, he who would iattain to purity of style in the'
English tongue, let him devote his days and nights
to the study of Addison. But, Mr, "Fitz Van
-Winkle" seems to know nothing of this sort of
criticism. If, in" the preface of the work, he finds
his own lineaments drawn, he impugns jthe mo
tives of the author. In the body of the book he
meeti with one little sentiment, " Harrah falhe
Old North State, forever ;" he is offended, and though
1ol anrl hnil(r
teeming beauties are displayed throughout, yet he
silently passes overall, and proscribes the book.
Mr. Fitz may have read a few novels, and dreamed
that he was. a man of letters. He may have ob
tained a smattsring of learning, and fancied him-
self "an erudite ; but certainly the shadow of a cri
tic, or the genetosity of a schojar is not visible
in his character. Anatomists inform us, that a
species'of creatures are found in the human brain,
called .hydatids ; that they are found in their most
active condition in the head of the sheep. ,ow,
5 it pestle for these living creatures to affect
the bndn of a human being, all might attribute
the jirild rantation of this modern would be critic,
" Fitz Van Winkle," to the existence bf those
creatures iu his cranium, operating upon the cere
brum. He appears to bo Italian in his feelings
Roman Catholic or Puseyite in his spirit, j
Here I drop him for the present, with the re
mark, that if he should ever leave the good old
North State, the .welfare and glory of which he
seems to have so little at heart, he may,- with pro
priety, sing to'his comrades of like mould, the
words of another, under 'certain circumstances:
" Let this be known, and be it understood j . '
Wejeft our country, for our country's good."
sWhen we visit our pri ruary schools, and examine
the books put iota, the hands of our youth, to
mould-the young mind, we will soon learn to place
a proper estimate,-upon the M North Carolina
Reader." We sometimes meet with the wNew
York Reader, No. l.w ; . New York Readei, No.
2,n and " New York Reader, No. 3 ;n. and a poor
apology, too, for school books ! .' Give us the
" Korth Carolina Reader V it contains Noth Ca-
rolina mind, nd'korth Carolina sen tilent 'Pa
rents and teachers, please examine it, fad supply
your children' and schools with it. It ha substan
tial work void of foreign vagaries.
: , 0 JOHN OF ROi&'OKE.
January, 22, 1852.
THE -WEEKLY FDST.
EDITED BY C. H. WHEY & W. D. COOKE.
RALEIGH, JAMiET 31, 1852.
. CLUB PRICES:
Three Copies, ........ $5 full price, ........I.. $8,
Eight Copies, ........12 y. " ....... J., 16,
Ten Copies, 15 SO, :
Twenty Copies, ..-..i 20 . , " 40.
' (Payment in all cast in advance.)
WTiere a club of eight, ten or twenty copies is sent, tlie
person making up the club will be entitled to a copy extra.
All articles of a Literary character may be addressed to C.
H. Wilev, Greensboro', or to the Subscriber, Raleigh. Busi
neas letters, notices, advertisements, remittances, &c., &c-,
should be addressed to W. Di Cooke.
Advertisements of a proper character will be inserted at the
WILLIAM D. COOKE. Popnii
VT Postmasters are-authorized to act as Agents for the
WHAT MIGHT BE.
Reader open,.; if you -please, one of the test
fravellers' Maps of the United States. -
You observe there is a rail road to" be run. from
fLynchburg, in Virginia, into Tennessee ;' and that
if the NorthCarolina Central Rail Road wcre-con-
tiuued to this, or to some point on the Tennessee
river, it Would be; connected' with he f. whole Mis
sissippi valley. ' . 1 f
. Now run your eye along the Atlantic coast of
our country ; you see, between ,the 34th and 35th
parallels of northern latitude, an obscure looking
place called Beaufort Right here is one, of the
best harbors in the United States : the fact is bin-
disputed, and cannot be disputed. It is sulScicntly
well sheltered, and capacious enough to contain any
amount of shipping ; it is of easy access, and in an
hour a vessel can pass from it to the broad Atlan
tic. Since the discovery of the American Conti
nent to the present time, this port has changed less
than any other at least it has not changed at jdl;
and the presumption is, that it never will change,
because no river disembogues its waters near it
This fact, which mates Beaufort 'one of the finest
and most unvaring harbors in the world, is also the
cause of its obscurity ; -.nature did not connect it
with the hi terior of the country.
But keep your eye on . the map how easy and
natural it seems, to construct a rail road from Golds
Ikxto' to Beaufort ; and then how short and level
the route across from this to the waters of Pamlico,
Thus we have Beaufort connected by rail roads
with the Pamlico and Roanoke countrr with the
Cape Fear and Charleston, with Virginia, upper
North-Carolina, and the Mississippi valley in
word, with the most important producing portions
of the United States. Suppose all this were so.
T. li'lil a
wnai wouia oe tue consequence
This is an age of speed : speed is the most im
portant ; 'element now, of Commercial greatness
The great agriculturid stiples of this country cot
ton and bread-stutts, are the subject? of speculation Inscription of-QJitwn. TAern .mi ajvUboRST,sggntjfg
vrraj-aiptire-M . -iinr-nng'ttf? me-TasTSe eHrijrCSristmns met iCby ndbl
large dealer mere cheapness of transportation is an
object of secondary consideration. He receires
and transmits intelligence, makes purchases and
sales by Telegraph the lightning conveys his mes
sages, and the article in which he trades must be
moved from point, to point by the speediest route.
For instance,:: there is a large amount of cotton
lying at Memphis, just, picked and baledpand a
steamer arrives from Europe, bringing intelligence
of an advance in the price of this commodity.
The rail; road can carry it sooner to Beaufort than
it can get to New-Orleans ; and when at Beauforf,
it is nearer to New-York and nearer to Europe.
Now how much would take the direct route to
Beaufort, and how much would move down the
river to New-Orleans? ; If tlie freight on the' rail
road were reasonable (as. it would be) every bale
would take tins route. -
In' a word, Beaufort would be the principal ex
porting sea-port for the Mississippi valley for Vir
ginia, South-Carolina and Nforth Carolina ; and in
consequence, it Would inevitably become a great
commercial depot ; a mighty city , would spring up,
and all the iron arteries making to it'be surcharged
with strong currents of freight and travel. . It 'would
be the rival of New-York, and in time, perhaps,
become the Atlantic City' of North America: its
interior communications would never be frozen up,
it would be nearer the southern and south-western
staples ; of easier access and egress for sail vessels
having a more delightful climate, and subject to no
variations in the entrance, caused by the alluvium
of great rivers, and more near the; centre of the
Atlantic coast. Will any one pretend to say that
such things will iiever be ? .
For our' part, if called on to prophesy, we had
rather risk our reputation for foresight, with pos
terity, by predicting that such things will be, than
by saying they will not. And as the spirit is now
strong upon us, and the fear of Fitz forgotten, we
i". sunhy a consummation within!
1 ". i " ' ' . ' " ' 'i
the range of probabilities; and likely to be' the ef
fect of causes now forking under a' wise and be
neficent Providence. .
ARMED INTERVENTION IN THE AFFAIRS
'Some one has' said that Kossuth is as full of
electricity as a thunderycloud. Wherever he goes
he seems to excite the greatest enthusiasm ; and
he has been charged with, turning the heads of as
tute lawyers and of grave divines as well as those
of less distinguished and lessTearned people.
A great deal of this excitement, however, is to
be attributed to the influence of Fashion, an all
powerful Tyrant in the nothern cities, y Jenny
Lind, the Wizard of the North, and Lola Mpntes
have also been full of electricity, for our Northern
friends;, and as to certain lawyers and ' reverend
divines with the confounding of whose wits the
Hungarian Patriot is charged, they give unmis
takable evidence of previous simplicity.
We believe that even at the North there is at least
half; a million of sober people for every million
and" a half of fookv; and among these calm and
sensible people we rank the editors of the Satur
day Evening Post. There is an article in a late
number of this paper which strikes us as being ve
ry much to the, point ; and as some of the views
expressed are si milar to our own we copy them
into our editorial columns and commend them to
the serious attention of ur teaden.
The subiect is the propriety of an armed inter-
vention, by the United Slates, in favor of Liberty
i Europe; and before ire quote our namesaitewe
ould like to ask, if nine-tentha of the French peo- :
pie vote for a Beirerected5 dwtator, what propor-,
tion of the masses of all Europe understand and ?
are ready for rational, republican. iiDeny ine
liberty of law ! About the same proportioncer-
tainly not a greater pro jportion than is to oe lonna
in France. Then if nine-tenths of the people of
Europe are ready to' vote for military dictators in
preference to free Legislatures, and invioiaoie con
stitutions, how much good could be effected by
the United States,'in a, forcible attempt to compel
the submission of these nine-tenths to thd will and
wishes of one tenth ! t to the article :
"Oh: would to heaven, that the reformers of
the earth eould learn a lesson of their great spirit
ual head, even the Brinee of Peace that they
could put their trust once and forever in those
spiritual weapons?' which are mighty through God
to the pulling down of-strong-holds." The great
obstacle to their success, is not tlie powi'roi mt
but the ignoranceof the people, which makes them
the willing instruments of the oppressors of the
world. France could, not be free in 1848 ; it was
an impossibility because her peasantry were not
tit for freedom, A small body of men m Parts
maintained the Republic by force foi a time : but
when their own principle, universal suffrage, was
adopted, an immense majority of the people voted
for Louis Naooleon. the only" remaining token, the
last raff of the Enrpire. Awl can the people be
educated to that point -of intellectual and spiritu
al elevation necessary to enable them to enjoy ami
preserve their freedom, during civil war? War
makes a whole nation soldiers and a European
camp is the phice to fit rae'n for unqualified and
unreasoning obedience, and not fr Freedom. . See
with what alacrity the soldiery of France have re
cently turned their bayonets agaiust the Legisla
tive power, the Constitution, and the Republic.
Peace is slow, ;we, grant ; but it is sure, irue
Freedom is only possible throglr the enlighten
ment of the people, and that is necesEarily a slow
work. Ta it rpafionablfl to exoectto undo the work
of thousands of years in a single day, or even a
century ? And when the work is going on, slowly
to be sure, but steadily and well, will you spoil all
by haste and revolution. Your diamond may
take long ages to crystallize but be patient, for
you dere not a paste jewel, but the real dia
f Straightforward goes
The lightning's path, and straight the fearful path
Of the can non-baH. Direct it flies, and rapid,
Shal taring, that it maif reach, and shattering what it
My son ! the road the human being travels,
That on which blessing comes and gjes, doth follow
The river's course, the valley's playful windings,
Curves round tlie corn-field and the hill of vines,
Honoring the' holy bounds of proj erty !
And thus secure, though late, leads to its end."
We firmly believe, ridiculous as it may seem to
many, that if the reformers of Europe would aban
don entirely and forever the dream of Freedom wxn
by Force, they would gain their ends in an infinitely
shorter time than by their present mode of action.
Why are liberal ideas now warred upon and
proscribed in Europe? Because the principle of
forcible revolution is incorporated with them. If
it were not soif the doctrine of reform, to be
peaceably effected through constitutional modes,
or, prescribed customs, was preached, and the prin
ciple of forcible: change abandoned there would
not bethe same censorship of the press, and pro-
endurance of flight, but this would rather aid than
retard the progress of opinion. " The blood of
martyrs " not of warriors " is the seed of the -church."
But monarchs generally would tolerate
simple, "impracticable" ideas because they would
not fear them. Yet these ideas would gradually
even affect the aristocratic and monarchical classes
themselves, as was the case previous to the first
French Revolution when ultra democratic senti
ments were avowed in the saloons of the highest
nobilitv of Eurone. For truth, if allowed a fair
j 1 v
aiiu ptateauiu uciu, una x strong auiacuuii iwi ct-
ery generous mind, and will ultimately prevail.
But nothing of the kind can be hoped for "While
wars and convulsions prevail. Amid the roar of
cannon and the clashing of swords and bayonets,
the still small voice of justice and mercy and right
cannot be heard, The hearts of men become har
dened they become accustomed to the moans of
widows and the tears of orphan' children. Good
angels forsake the earth. Warriors plant dynasties
with their swords." Immense national debts beg
gar the people, and'thus retard the education,- re
finement and spiritual growth. The whole thought
of the masses is turned upon he means of living.
Pressed to the earth, they become coarse and sen
sual. The. aristocracy sav and with a degree of
truth- these people are too ignorant and degraded
to govern themselves ; they are children in minch,
without the innoc-nce and purity of childhood. It
would bo a foolish and dangerous philanthropy to
trust them with political power.'
0 COLD WEATHER AGAIff.
.We have had three "6ld spells" this winter,
each exceeding in intensity of .cold any thing felt
in this country in many years. To the wise and
thoughtful, all things are suggestive; to the hope
ful, there is good in every occurrence.
We believe the experience of the present winter
will be of real service to our people ; it will teach
them to be more careful in the construction of their
houses, to proyide better shelters for their brutes,
and to be more provident in summer. If Our win
ters were.always, mild we would become careless,
.thriftless and lazy ; these rigorous seasons stimu
late our energies, and teach us to be more indUstri
ouSj circumspect,-and regardful of the,future.
- LATEST FROM EUROPE.
We have Liverpool dates to the 10th inst. by
the America.- 'France continues tranquil. The
English Cabinet is verging" on dissolution. There is
no other important political" news. - The hew Con
stitution of France has not yet been promulgated,
but it is understood that the Empire will probably
be re-established. -
The Guilford Editor acknowledges his. ob
ligations to his friend. II. D. Turner, of the North
Gorolina Book Store, for a sett of Mrs..Sigourney'8
School Books, consisting of the Girl's, the Boy's
and the Child's Book.
W e mustr apologize for the press work on our
paper this week. Through mistake, one of our
rollers which we were using was' stripped to receive
a new coat, and we were compelled to Work with
only two rollers. r, .
i 1 --'
We are pleased to learn that the celebrated
Misses DEffmpRT, accompanied by their father and
their brother, (a boy 8 years of kge, who is said to
be a wonderful performer on the Violincello,) intend
giving a series of concerts in our city. These ar
tists have won for themselves a high reputation
throughout this and our sister States sufficient to
insure them goodvu houses in Raleigh. We are
aaaoua w aee tee programme. :
The Eclectic Magazhie for January, haa made its
appearance on our table. -The reading contents Is
as inviting as could be wished The present number
is ornamented with a beautiful engraving, by Sartain,
of the Court Scene, in which the Empress, Josephine,
was divorced from Napoleon, j v
The STETnoscoTifr or Virginia Medical Gazette,
for January, b also before us. This excellent Journal
is conducted by Dr. P.-CuUborhe Gooch; Richmond,
Va., who deserves much credit for his energetic en
deavours to promote thecaiiie of medical literature in
the South. The Stethoscope is well worthy of sup.
port from the reading members of the profession, and
we wi!l be,glad to see it generally encouraged.. Dr.
J. A. Wadoeix. of this city, is appointed agent for the
State, and will be pleased to receive subscriptions -
Godet's Laot's Book. The February number of
this fashionable and popular Magazine, has arrived,
ith its customary punctuality. The plates and other
illustrations are good, and abundance of original litera
ture will be found in its pages. .
1 The Illustrated Natural History', and the
America Flora, are two beautiful and valuable se
rial publications, in monthly parts, by Dr. A. B, Strong,
pf New York'. We are happy to acknowledge thd re
ception of the second and third numbers of each work ,
and take pleasure in recommending them to tne inenas
of American Science every where. 1 he subjects are
systematically treated, and illustrated by means of
numerous colored and life-like plates ot tne ODjecis
described. J. D. Post is associated with Dr. Stronsr in
conducting the first we have named. We wish abund
dnnt success to both these gentlemen in their laudable
efforts for the advancement of science, in the interest
ing departments to which they are devoted-
We are indebted to Dr. J. C. M. Merillat, of the Va.
Institution for the deaf and dumb and the blind, for the
Thirteenth Annual Report of the Board of Direct
or This interesting document, which we have not
had time to examine, is ornamented with a beautiful
cut of the buildings and grounds of that Institution.
Dr. M. will please accept our thanks.
f thft "Proceedings of the 22nd. Annual
Session of the-Baptist State Convention," held at Wil
mington, in Octoler last, has been politely laid upon
our table, The printing is neatly executed by M. A.
Meredith, of Raleigh. We take pleasure in noticing
this fact, as an encouraging evidence of the improve
ment in printing that has begun to manifest itself in the
State. We will hail every such successful effort, with
a hearty good will, from whatever quarter it may come
We can only add that the Proceedings of so import
ant a. body, mast not only be interesting to the Deno
mination represented by it, but to the christian reader
generally, ! i
The, ChilpIs Paper is a small illustrated monthly
sheet published' by the American Tracft Society, at
New York. The price is ten copies for .one dollar, to
one address. We have received the first Number, and
would recommend the work at length, if a publication
from that soiree could be supposed to need it.
The M Live Giraffe" is the unique title of a new
neutral, weekly paper just commenced in this city by
Mr. Weslet Whitaker, Jr., who is already known
to the public as an enterprising publisher. It is a
neat and epicy sheet, and we wish our tall neighbor
agreeable browsing among the tree tops.
On Monday the 19tli, certain joint resolutions
offered by Mr. Clarke, on the subject of non-intervention,
were read twice and ordered to be print
ed. These resolutions affirm the principle of non
intervention to "be the true policy of our govern
ment. Mr. Undeiuvood offered a substitute for
the joint resolution making land warrants assigna
ble, which was adopted in committee. An amend
ment by Mr. Walker was pending when the Se
nate adjourned. '
On Tuesday the 20th, little important or interest
ing business was transacted. Just before tlie Senate
adjourned, however, Mr. Seward offered'a substitute
for Mr. Clarke's series of non-intervention resolu
tions, in 'which a protest isejitered against Russian
interference in Hungarian affairs, and our govern
ment is declared not to be indifferent to such viola
tions of national independence. Mr. Cass also
laid on the table a resolution to the same purport.
Mr. Walker's amendment tc tlie land warrant
resolution was then rejected, and the 1st of the
resolutions ordered to be engrossed.
On: Wednesday .the 21st, the Chair laid before
the Senate the message from the President, enclos
ing copies of the correspondence between Mr.
Rives,; our Minister at the Court of France, and
the State Department Mr. Webster's letter in
structs Mr.' Rives to recognize the new government
The act making land warrants assignable was.then
passed. After, some minor business, the Senate ad
On Thursday the 22nd, among other proposi
tions, Mr. Hunter introduced a joint resolution,
authorising the Postmaster General to contract for
two ice boats, to transport' the U. S. mail on the
Potomac river during tlie. winter season, at an ad
ditional cost not exceeding $20,000 per annum.
On Friday the 23d, the Senate was entirely oc
cupied with private bills ; after passing a. number
oi tnese, Jt adjourned over to Monday.
On the- 19th, the Speaker stated that the firs
business before the House was thq motion made on
a former day, by Mr. Allison, of Pennsylvania, to
suspend the rules, to enable him to submit a reso
lution authorizing the printing of one . hundred
thousand copies of the condensed report of the
Superintendent of the Census Report, which had
been published in the Globe, provided it will not
cost more than one cent per copy, and which, other
wise, cannot be distributed among the people, for
a length of time, and then only to a limited extent
upon which the ayes and n?ys had been demand
ed. The Clerk proceeded to call the roll, when
there appeared 132 in the affirmative and 28 in the
negative. The rules therefore "weresuspended,
and the resolution was agreed to : but,' after some
debate, it was reconsidered and laidn the table.
Nothing else was done, of importance, and : the
On the 20th, the House went into committee of
the whole on the state of the Union, on the bill
appropriating t3,l $0,000 for the next Mexican in
stalment. After some debate the committee rose
and the House adjourned.
On the 21sUthe Speaker having stated that the
first business before the House, was the report of
the select committee, submitting a bill regulating
it 't m ' . . m
me assignment ot bounty land warrants, a' dis-
eus&ion ensued, till the xaoroiDg tem expired, and
. i - - - - -
the Houe went into Committee of the "Wl "
and took up tne pui approprmuiig iDe mexiC4n.
demnity, . A long;' debate followed ; the
then resumed, and Mr. Houston submitted
lution, that all debate on the stihjdct should
nate, and that th committee should report tos
row at 3 o'clock. . He then moved that the ' I
adjourn, and no action was taKen on the re5o'. 1
On the 22d, some uninteresting matters
attended to, after which the House proceeded "
other business, and took up the Bounty Land V'; -
rant Bill. - r. rse, .oi iowa, addressed A '
House.. At this time the bill on 'the same sul,;
hich had been pas3ed by the House, wasreL v
ed from ine 'u 10. ine Uouse L -
went into committee on the state of the UnC" '-'
and took up the bill authorizing the appropriate" .
of the Mexican indemnity. After some "discuss; '
the committee rose, and tlie House adjourned.
On the23d, a motion prevailed to terminat? a
debate on foe Mexican Indemnity bill to-morm. .
2 o'clocki the House then went into a commit;
of tlie wftole, on the state of the LTmon, and tl
UDeiwnlpdemnity bilk The House hal y
resumed,'lho nSssage received from '.pWAiS Iff
wks reported, to the Honse, and the communiej. r
tion frornvtbe Secretary of State was read. i.
which he states it is usual for applications for jj.'.
formation to be made through the President, w hie
in the present instance had been make to the b, .
partmont. He, therefore, .forwards to the Pr
dent; the note of the"Mexicah Minister referred to ; I ;
but, with reference to any conversation that i
place, it will be improper to make it public. 7
House then adjourned.
On the '24th, the House went into committee c '
the state of the Union, and again took up tlry
Mexican Indemnity bill, and, the whole time wa '. .
occupied in debate. The House then adjournei
; DEAF MUTE EDUCATION.
BY THE LATE REV. JOSEPH. CALDWELL, D.l). ;
1 1 L
Concluded from our last.)
Mr. Randolph was present one evening? mi
large assemblage of nobility and gentry to whict
he had accepted an invitation. Amidst the daz
zling splendor that glittered, in the extensive mir.
rore, the pictures, the gilded furniture, the rich ta
pestry, the painted ceilings, the sideboards covered
with the most costly specimens of glass and v'm
and plate ; and, in addition to all this, the rid '
decorations of fashionable dress which covered whi
elegance the persons of all present, application w '.
made to him, perhaps with some curiosity, to knoi
whether such a scene as he beheld, did not eiciti
his admiration. . I think, Sir, if you will exciK
me, said this American citizen, that I have wh
nessed even a more splendid scne to day. j Can i:
be so indeed, said the "surprised cofirtier, and irL
you permit me to inquire where it may have beeni
I. visiWd Newgate this .morning, was the reply, and
there I saw Mrs. Fry moving through the gloomy i
partments, which, by her regulations, permitted ard
sanctioned by the government, had become asnta:
and comfortable as such places could be. 'fa
whicli bad been Lardeneaand roughened by aWtle
passions of depravity, were lifted with love and re- . I
neration, while they rose from their various use!! . , '
occupations, yoa could" see the tear of gratitude
glistening in their eye, or rolling down their cheek.
And-when the opened the Bible, to read to then
the selected chapter, they listened with reverenc
to the precept, with conviction to the reproof, arid.
with hope to the offer of forgiveness through tU
jSaviour. This, sir, 1 thought, was a splendid scene,
Yes, my audience, the spirit of enlarged enter
prise in the exercise of all the christian virtue,
seeking opportunities to express itself in seasonable .
and comprehensive plans of reformation to the vi
cious ; instruction to the ignorant ; encouragement
to virtuous industry, and the elevation of ourseWa
and others, to superior moral worth in connec
tion with persevering and advancing success) in uur ,
prpper avocations, are better proofs of strength, .,u
and growth,1 and glory to a people, than the bright-
est exhibitions of wealth and power. Oh, could
this spirit of energy and cooperation, pervade ith 'j
its ever living and active principle, the gpeat body
of our people. ; nay, could it only actuatelsbitu
ally, that whole body of men who have leading in
fluence, superior light, and the efficiency of proper
ty throughout our free and ' peaceful State, W i
should wo soon behold every obstacle remove!, i
and every embarrassment vanishing, which now
disheartens us in the enterprizes that we meditate
for the melioration of society, and the; improve
ment of our condition. What, then, is wanted to
qualify us for success, and ensure its capacities,!! ,
regard to such an institution as is now proposed -to
us, as .well as all other institutions characterized
as this is, by the relief of misery, preparing no .
small numbers, of our fellow beings for usefulness,
as members of society, and for happiness, both is
the, present life and in the eternal world ! It is net. I
in numbers, or in property, or in physical streogtli -j
that we are lacking. In all these respects we cm
measure with a large proportion of this Union.
Let us be assured that in nothing do we fail, if it
be. not in a determined spirit of harmony of cordi
al union, fixed with 4nflexible purpose upon the
generous designs we would prosecute.
I would now inform you, in behalf of tho9 "
whoso-nacoe I have the honor to address you
T a few evenings ago, a number of gentlemen held
meeting m this place, at which, afijer consultation
it was resolved, that' they would constitute them
selves into a society, having for its object, the es
tablishment of an institution in our own Stale, fof ,
the instruction pf the deaf and dumb. 1
ThUv society was organized by the adoption of .
certain rules, arftl the appointment, at least for the
time being, of certain officers necessary for the
transaction of bysincss. A committee was alsorsp
pointed for drafting, with more full opportunity 1
such a constitution as may be necessary to a socie
ty of this nature. .
It appears that Asylums for the deaf and dumb,
in the different States, are a subject before the
Congress of the United States, with a view toF .
propriate certain portions of land, to serve as the
basis of a fund to aid in the erection and mailt5 t
nance of such institutions. -
A committee was further appointed to draft and
present a memorial to the Hon. Legislative Eodj
of this State, praying that this society may he
favored and fortified with an act of .incorpora
tion. . , ' V.
. A committee wa appointed to frame and trans
mit kymemorial to Congress, in which it should be
respectfully requested that such an appropriation
of the public lands might be made, in favor of the
North Carolina Institution, for the instruction of
the deaf and dumb, as to their wisdom, might ap
pear reasonable and proper.
Lastly, it was' resolved, that a meeting of the
society should be held, on this evening and th1
an address should be deliveredon the nature ana
objects of the institution. r -
v It is inTconformity with,' this resolution that wa
are now met, and these expositions are made m y
1 lation to the history
ot tnese insutttuona, ui j
DEAF & DUMB & THE - BLIND. -
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