,, .'1 i
if IE I
ORIGINAL POETRY. ,
: ; . For the Weekly Post.
For Miss M. W.'s Album qfhapel Hill.
A a ngle leaf is all ! claim,
Fair lady, in that book of thine, ,
' Whereon to trace thy cherished name,
To breathe a prayer for Jhee and thine.
Mine shall not be a flatterer's art,
With voice of praise to greet thine ear ; f
I'll speak the language of a heart, ' k
Though poor in words, in thought sincere. 1
, May hope's bright star illume thy. way,.
Tly-ough this cold friendless world of ours ;
Thy life be one bright summei's day,
Th path be strown with fairest flowers
. May sorrow's tear ne'er dim thine eye,
s That beams with youth and beauty now,
Nor care, n9r" grief e'er cause a sigh,'
, Or ca&t their shadows o'er th v brow.
And njay each joy that life can yields
Through many years to thee be given ; 'j
To cheer thy heart, and light thy path,
- ThronaU earth, -to brikhterscenes in heaven.
s V ' For the Weekly Post
' WELCOME TO SPRING.
1 From her tropical homewncre she ever flings .
Perennial sweets from untiring wings,
' She comes once more to her Northern bowers
To deck them o'er wfth a robe of flowers,
And perfume to spread with a-lavish hand,
O'er the varied scenes of a smiling land.
Ohl' welcome back, with thy forms so fair,
With thy gentle tones, and thy balmy air,
. Sweet Queen of Spring, at whose smiles bo gay-
Old winter'melts, as he moves away !
- The marsh a,wakes as thon passest-by
A thousand throats to the genial sky,
And the budding bowers of the choral jjrove
Resound again with the notes of I uve.
The iew-born lamb, as it frisks apart,
With a plaintive voice, and a timid heaf-t, ,
- New courage draws from tliy breath, and still
Insphes new joys from thu scented hilt; '
j And the fluttering lark from the grassy ground
. Springs-up to the clouds with1 a bolder bound, v
.And upon thy path, as on high he soars,
Ecstatic strains from liis bosom pours.
All nature joins in thy praise to sing, I
All welcome back the return of Spring,
And; despondinjir miin, 'mid liis sighs and tears,
'Mid his sad regrets, and his haunting fears, ".!
At thine advent, sees that a brighter shade r;
" On the darkened seene of his life is laid, ' i
And the lowering cloud for a. wliile gives place
To the smiles lit up in thine angel face.
Answer to Charadg pf week before last, signed
M." War-Saw. 1 . -
THE. LATE. ME. COOPER AND THE PRESS.
The New-York 'Triblne" Jcoinments upon that
part of Mr. Bryant's oration at the Cooper Festival
"which defended Mr.. C. for his assaults upon, and
suits against the Press. It says :,
X; But Mr.. Bryant is not entitled to the charity
of silence. which mantles the depauted. He is Jiving
among us to-day he is bound to know whereof he
affirms in a matter deeply affeciing the reputation
- .-of the 'living nay, as an Editor himself, he was
' k tinder . additional obligation noV to stand forth a
general" calumniator of his professional' brethren."
Of, the suits, the Tribune says the larger number
"originated in a neighborhooi.1 (marrel. The people
.i of Gooperstown had been accustomed on boating
.excursions to laud upon a barren. point of rockjut
. ting from Mr, Cooper's grounds into .Otsego Lake,
which he a"bruptiy, and as they .thought churlishly,
compelled them to evacuate njnd abandon. 'Their
! ' indignation at this found utterance in a newspaper
I .of the village, which was copied approvingly by
. others ; and; thereupon Mr. Cooper commenced
libi-suit.s hot. -waiting jfiyo weeks after the date
-" ot the oitense much Jess the nve years- tuat Mf.
Bryant talks oft'." . .! ' -
-The -Tribune denies that he. was uniformly success
ful in his suits.. "
' ;"jle brought Col. Webb., to trial repeatedly,
. , and with almost if not quite uniform ill success ; he
sued the Tribune on two several occasions, the
.. laitj time some .eight or nine years, ago, but never
brought he suit to trial; he theatened us with
several suits that he never saw fit to institute ; and
lie was' filially beaten before the Court of Errors in
"his eeond '.suit against Col. Stone of The Commer
. cial, Chancellor Walworth and other eminent
Jurists pronpuncing opinionsi decidedly and very
brof.dly against him, and the;CoUrt,dfviding about
. four to one.?'" -:
llie Tribune also denies that Mr. Cooper was
liberal to his antagbnistsror that he triumphed over
, the j Press, tahd it calls upon Mr. Bryant to correct
his errors of statement. ..',' ;
" i MARDI-GRAS.
t. : : The entire population of t hie city appeared to be
in the streets' yesterday afternoon. Canal street
i " .Royal and Chileans were filled to an uncomfortable
'-.j- degree by half-past 3 in tha-, afternoon, with pro
menaders of j ail ages, sizes and classes, whilst the
V '"balconies were crowded with ladies, children, gentle
v ' men, nursjs and servants, j Curiosity was depicted
j in every countenance, and; even in striets whre it
. j) was was impossible that nyt&ing lifce-a mask or
" Fancy" coutd.be seen, people stood at the doois
'i ' or peered outjof the wincfows with a fixedness, an
anxiety to witness something no matter what
-1 that were to a calm minded looker ok quite amus-
ing and interesting. j
'I. The masquers assembled in Orleans street, in
v- front of the opera, at aboiit a quarter to 4 o'clock.
.) There was an . immense crowd present, all eager
r. and excited, and .many apparently: determined to
assert their lightjto scatter mud, flour and such
" missiles arodnd. them freely ; and promiscuously,
i" -.J "Whether It i4as tlie jx)lice 'or not we cannot say, but
' these mirthful individuals i ery soon restrained their
f demjonstrations to a less annoying degree. -
TheproceSsioh"started ao'clock for Jackson
Square, around which it marbhed amid a general
bustle and rushincr. As it returned into Royal ad
proceeded "towards Canal street, the long thorough
. fare,j filled with so many moving. heads,, the , bal
conies, doors 'and windows "lined with gazers,; and
the gay and variegated coljp.of the masquers, cos
tumes interwoven in the black mass like a brilliant
ribbon, the coup (Tail was animated and striking
in tho extreme.- r V
There procession was opened by a large band of
music, in a ! vehicle the performers xdisguised in
- monks' white gowns and cowls. ext ame a dash
. .ing 'and gallant looking corps of Bedouins or Mame
i ' . lukes, on horseback, and in the loose, flowing and
r gaily colored robeswhite and red Kf the Arab
4 . braves. , These tawny, bearded and, moustaehed
warriors, were armed wiih handfulls, not of grape,
-v but of sugar plums of all sizes and colors, which they
snowerea ngnt and lett wherever ladies occupied the
balconies,-' : , ' 1' .
: Then came four fine looking horses, 'decorated
-with ribbons, and ridden by two postillions proper
. ly dressed, drawing after them a large pen carriage
which was gaily , festooned and bung with streamers.
It was occupied by five persons,iall of them tasteful
ly dressed, ;and one a young and modest bride,
whose hands and arms were nevertheless fully oc-
cupied in assisting a tall and galbmt light dra
goon, with bluejacket and brass helmet, m a vigor
ous distribution of sugar plums on all the ladies,
who appeared. Another carriage, with gay deco
rations, and filled' with fancy dressed young men,
followed.- They too were fighting like heroes, but
with loss deadly and sweeter weapons. We say
"young npen;" we believe;' there was a young lady
in this carriage, too- she (?) wore a baby cap, but
'displayed a fair and well-modeled pair of arms and
shoulders, which a debutante at her first ball might
not have been ashamed of. These two carriages
were the two deserving of special notice"; they
were prepared with care, and excited- much atten
tion. . '- ;
A long train of veil icles of all descriptions fol
lowed, some occupied by, masquers, others by spec
tators. After marching, twice around the! streets in
dicated in the programme Royal, Canal, Rampart
and the Esplanade the procession broke up, and
the crowd hastened , to other amusemets, of fancy
ball, social parties, which terminated the day
and the regular Carnival. AT. 0. Ptc.
Jlrs head turned by A Babt. A Liverpool
it is stated thatva man named Birkenhead recently
lost his reason at the announcement that his wife
had a baby. The man, who is a joiner, upon being
informed of the fact on his return from Avork, im
mediately danced and jumped alout the room in a
j very excited state. Soor. afterwards he became
irauuc, una nurneaiy leic tne premises, ixoimng
as heard of the man for two days, although a ,
diligent search was made for him ; but On the even
ing of the third day he made his appearance at his
house, and had scarcely entered, when the cries of
his new-born .child was heard, which produced on
jhim the greatest excitemen t. Without speaking to
any one, he sallied forth into the yard, where he
stripped himself of 'all his apparel, except his shirt
arid, trousers. lie thn rushed out. of the house,
and fled in the -direction, yf Claugjiton Park, after
which he was seen to enter a plantation at Bidston.
--- : ;
A Theory of theAurora Borealis. Accord
ing to all accounts, the Aurora Borealis take's place
after ja thaw. By this means, then, and in prpportr.'
ion, to the rapidity of the thaw, the immense quanti
ty of negative electricity bound there, in the earth,
hnd accumulated, - moreover, on its warmly-kept
snow-covered surface, is liberated, and finds its way
into the, upper . reckons by creepincr up the sides of
, the numerous hills and mountains of these places,
or is carried up by the yimg vapours to the region
of the positive; electricity, flowing above our atmos
phere towards the equator, as does 'the negative
below. By these means the t aurora borealis takes
place-; it is union of the positjve and negative ele
ctricities in a different cliine, and under different,
circumstances, and lio doubt, for different ends.
Its sensible effect upon the magnetic needle, before
it reaches the point of culmination, must be , obvi
ous, considering the disturbance caused 13 the'
quanfitv of fluids brought into action from a state
of rest. The-shape of an arch may .be- accounted
f r by the atmosphere's forming a ring round the
earth, and the circumference' of the earth's being
greatly narrowed towards the polos, the arch of
the atmosphere at the poles must naturally be more
contracted and lower in proportion than the arch
which it forms nearer and round the equators' ; and
the electricity of hie upper regions floating on the
air in the same way, will present to our view the
aurora borealis in a curve or arch.- The Builder',
Novel Applipation of the Electric Tele
graph. A very ingenious and novel application
has been made of the Eleetric Telegraph in St.
George's Hospital. It consists of a sniaH dial,, not
more than a, foot in diameter, .'with a hand which
points to certain numbers on it. They refer to a
printed scan over it, on which' are the names of all
the physicians and surgeons of the hospital ; and
it is intended by means of this wonderful agency,
to jntimate the .moment they arrive, that in case of
danger to any .patient they may be instantly seen.
On the directions are also the hours for meals; the
time at which the friends of the sick must leave, the
time for operations, and every other matter desir
able to be known in the wards where it is thus in
timated. Tiie dial is placed in 'the" hall of the hos
pital,' 'and a,s the .message is to be sent, so the cor
responding number is found on the direction table,
and the hand i turned to a corresponding one on
the dial. - This causes a bell to ring in each ward,
which indicates, that the nurse is to refer to the
dial for they are placed throughout the establish
ment when they will find the same number point
ed to as the one in the hall, and by referring to the -directions
she at once' sees what the message -is.
This: saves a vast deal of confusion in running up
and down staire besides being more desirable for
the patients, who will be exposed to much less noie..
It is probable that this admirable plan will soon be
adopted in all similar establishment, as well as
prisons. - ;' ; ':
Keeping Time jvitii the Tej.egk.vih. "We
witnessed a curious experiment yesterday at Morse's
Telegraph office, which we had before heard of but,
Oiad never seen. It was nothing less than'!" the tick
ing of the clock in New York city,, heard and seen
at this end of the line. The experiment was most
perfectly performed, the regular vibrations of the
pendulum in New York, being registered on the
paper at precise intervals, and heard by .striking of
the pen-lever at the same instant. ,
This is" done by an operation similar to the
method of telegraphing itself. It is well known,
that the bringing in con tact ,of the positive and
negative poles of the batteries, forms what is termed
a circuit, and produce characters at the pleasure of
the persons so bridging them together. One' of
these wires is connected by a very tine wire1 to the
pendulum of the clpekpartaking of its motion ;
the other is fastened to the side of. the clock, so that
the pendulum shall strike It in swinging back and
forth. When the pendulum strikes, the two wires
being brought together, va circuit is formed, and a
stroke of the pendulum makes adot upon the paper,
and this is repeated as often as the pendulum strikes
the wire in the side of the clock in Xew York it is
heard even more distinctly in Buffalo than in the
office where tit is placed, i
Last evenhig a similar experiment was- success
fully tried between Bangor, Me., and Milwaukee,
Wis., by connecting the wires of Morse's and .Speed's,
line, at this point, and then proceeding as mention
A clock -ticking at .one place, and bei ng Jieard in
another, between 2 and 3000 miles away, is cer
tainly,'sf)mething curious in this age of marvels.
Bu ff alo Express. - s ' f
(' A legal friend of ours the other day was about
entering a haberdasher's shop in Broadway, when
a young buck, with a large moustache and small
income, born like Jupiter 4 with elegant desires
drove up a pair of spanking .bays, glittering with
their splendid caparison.
4 Ah, G ; said he 4 how de do ? how de
do! How d' like me horses? Fine animals, but
vety costly. "What do you think I gave for the
pair ? . . (
' I guess you gave your note,' said G .
Good. mawning !' responded the blood, good
A person born on the 29th ult, when arrived at
the age of 64 years, will have seen, only his or her
sixteenth birth' day
The following is another extract from the Poem
of Win. Stark, Esq- delivered at the late Manchest-
er centenary, and was furnished us by a tnena.
As a specimen of quaint humor, and ability to make
something out of an insignificant subject, we have
seldom seen it surpassed. It appears that the
lamprey eel was a staple article of food among the
good people of " Derryfield," now the city of Man
chester, N." II. The poet, accordingly, after allud
ing to the subject, proceeds as follows : N. Y. Ob.
' " Ignoble, theme!" does the critic say?
But what care I for his sneering bray
In my boyhood's days upon eels I fed;
And as now to you I a banquet spread
Of such simple food as the just reveals,
. I invite you now to a dish of eels.
O'er ev'ry land, in ev'ry age,
. By the high and low, by the fool and sage,
For the dainty Eel has been left a space,
At the festive board in an honored place.
When the Roman Consul gave his feast
. ' Of the rarest kinds of bird and beast.
'Twould have seemed to him but a scanty meal,
Had he failed so furnish the dainty eel.
Great C'rassus doffed his robes of pride,
And in sackcloth mourned for an eel that died :
. And with keenest pangs which the heart can feel .
,. Hortensius wept for a squirming eel.f -
But higher still in the list of fame,
I'll point to the Royal Henry's name ;
Who died, as history's pnge reveals.J v
A martyred soul in the cause of eels.
Our fathers treasured, the slimy prize
They loved the eels as their, very eyes;
And one 'tis said, with a slander rife, .
For a string of eels he sold his wife.
From the eels they formed their food in chief,
And eels were called the " Derryfield beef;"
And the marks of eels were so plain to trace, ' .
That the children looked like eels in the face;
And before they walked, it is well confirmed,
That the children never crept, but squirmed.
Such a mighty power did the squhmer; wield, ,
O'er the goodly men of Old Derryfield,
It was often said that their only care,
Their only wish, and their only prayer,
For the present workb and the world to come,
Was a string of eels, and a jug of rum.1 -
Oli! the eel ! the, eel! the-squirming eel,
What a lovely phase does his life reveal,
In his chamber dark, 'neath the silver wave,
Where' the sleeping rocks in the waters lave.
Harmless and lone how he gentle glides .
And sucks the dew from their mossy sides.
As the little fry through the waters swim,
Not a single fear have the fry for him,-
Not a single, fear need the minnows feel,:
For a gentle thing is the squirming eel.
When attacked by his foes, not a blow he deals,
. But away alone in his glory, steals "
' Not an angry thought to disturb his rest,
Nor an envious wish in hi s peaceful breast;
What a lesson here, for his surest weal,
Might be learnt by man from the squirming eel.
If I should e'er, at a latter age,
. Support a costly equipage,
In -a palace liytj, and with swelling-pride
In a gilded chariot ride
f I'll grxaycupon my family seal.
The eel, ttle eel, the wtjuirmlrrg-eel.
Eik y. Americana Articles Petromyza.
f Anlhon's Class Dictionary--Article Hortensius.
pMume's His.' England, vol. L, page 266.
A Discovery Interesting to Florists. The Pa
ris correspondent of the St. Louis Republican tells
a most beautiful and interesting discovery, which
has lately been "made by a Celebrated Parisian
Horticulturist, by the name of Hobart :
; " I Wxusersuaded (says he) to go to his rooms
a'fow weeks since and I assure you I have no
reason to regret tlie lon'g walk I took. Beneath a
lar;e glass case, four ov- live feet high, as manv in
r circumference, were placed pots ot roses, japonicas,
pinks, dahlias, chmaasters, Arc. tc, all in bud.- By
means of certain gas, invented by -himself, and
which is made to pass by a gutta pereha tube to
any pot - required, Mr. Hobart causes the iustant
anqous blooming of the flowers. The ladies in the
room asked successively -for roses, dahlias, and
iaponicas, and saw them burst into full bloom and
beauty in a second. It was really wonderful. Mr.
Hobart is now trying to improve on his discovery,
and to make the gas more portable, and its applica
tion less visible. The secret is of course Jiis, and
Fiis rooms are crowded every day with the most
delighted spectators. I wish I could send you his
lovely camella I received, which when asked for
was so tightly enveloped in the green leaves of its
calix, that the color of its flower could not even be
guessed at.;' and yet the request was hardly out of
mv lips when the beautiful white camella .was in
my hand. YYhen he has made a little more pro
gress,' Mr. Hobart intends to take out a patent, and
deliver his discovery to the public.
The history of Coffee is perhaps not known, or
remembered by every, one. A writer' in Hunt's
Merchant's Magazine says that in the 16th centu
ry, air Ottoman Ambassador, Soliman Aga, pre
sented some of the seeds to a King of France, as a
pleasant beerage produced in Arabia ; in 1654, an
Armenian, named Pasquel, opeued the first shop
for the sale of coffee, (an infusion of it) in Paris.
It is now in general use all over the world; and
nearly all the Coffee drank is the produce of the
New Continent, where, about one century ago, it
was not cultivated at all. The people of the East
in the place of raising themselves, borrow it from
1 he Americans.
Miss Gamble, the lady that Chevalier Wycoff
endeavored to marry, is the daughter of Col. John
G. Gamble, of Florida, and formerly of Richmond,
Virginia; not of Philadelphia, as has been stated.
PATTERN V-TURKISH SOFA CUSHION.
VVORKED IX STRIPES.
You require' one ounce of gold colour, and half
an ounce of each of the following colours -of doub
le Berlin, green, scarlet, blue, white, and purple.
You work them in the order named, and a narrow
gold stripe between each colour. -It will be suffi
ciently large when you have repeated the stripes
You commence with the gold colour. Make a
chain half a yard in length, and work three rows
of double crochet
; You now take the green and work four rows in
the following manner : Put three long stitches
into three successive chain stitches in the work
then' make a chain of three loops, and put your
next three long stitches into the work three chain
stitches distant from the last long stitches. - The
three following rows you put your long stitches
into the large hole.
1 You. now work three rows of double crochet with
the gold colour ; then take the scarlet and work
in the same manner as the. green.
"When made up, you line the work with black
velvet, and make the back , of scarlet, with shenille
i cord and tassels. i .
For the Weekly Post.
THE FIRST RHYMING.
The first poetry ever written undoubtedly occurs
in the Bible. It is first in point of excellence and
in chronological precedence ; and persons who have
needed the services of no Blair to draw their at
tention to the fact, have adjudged passages in the
five books of Moses, Job, the Proverbs, Psalms,
Isaiah, etc., to be the first specimens of poetry in
any language. But where does the first rhyming
occur I Wliy, in the Bible likewise. Moses' may
not have been aware of a gift of tins kind ; espe
cially as he is represented (Exodus, iv. 10) to have
been " not eloquent," but " slow of speech and of a
slow tongue." As it goe?, however, he knowingly
or unwittingly perpetrated the following Rhyme :
j "The kings of EgJ'pt died
And the children ol Israel sighed
By reason of the bondage, and they cried." Ex. ii. 23.
Musaeus and Orpheus lay some claim to anti
quity in rlnming ; but the latter, tutor of the for
mer, never had the honor of turning the course of
rivers by the power of his musical rhymes, until
some 200 years after Moses from Mount Nebo
had taken his fii;st and last view of the proinised
land. So the palm of originality in the.divnie
art of rhy mrng must be yielded to Moses. ' ' i.
Some .maudlin critic may object to this discovery,
that the Hebrew language, m which the isible
was first written, did not rhyme in the passage
quoted '; but said critic must get the original text
and prove it. pntil he does, I shall contend that
the first rhyming occurs in the Bible.,
By the way, many curious, as well as wise pas
sages occur in this old book ; and persons who are
not too busily engaged in clearing away the rub
bish of pantheism, mysticism, and hoary traditions
that surround the Vedanta system the Sankyha,
the primordial conceptions and the philosophy of
Confucius, would do well to peruse its interesting
pages. ! ?
Bv devoting a few spare minutes each day to
this antiquarian amusement, they would find many
things that would interest more than the mere
discovery of the first rhyming. Yours Truly.
'-Duplin N. C" March G.
I For the Weekly Post.
Messrs. Editors, I see a portion of your-pa-
per is to ba specially devoted to'. the enlighten
ment of the public mind upon the subject, and the
promotion of the cause of education in our'own
State. I avail myself of the opportunity thus af
forded to give to the teachers and people of North
Carolina views jnot hastily formed ; the result of
expedience and observation, which, if clearly ex- .
pressed and fully understood, would lead to many
highly beneficial results to common education.
That your readers may know the point at which I
am driving, and the end I wish. to secure, I first
state, it is to secure a Convention of school teach
ers of the whole State to convene at Raleigh short
ly previous to. or at the same time with the as
sembling: of the Legislature, to devise the best
method I of educating the mass of the people : and
all I write will directly or remotely bear upon tbis
I shall show the importance and necessity of
such a convention, by remarking, at present, prop
erly we lhave.no system of common, education, and
will and can have none till the teachers themselves
take it in hand; A system is a whole composed of
many parts, eah subsequent one growing out of
wad- floponditog upon the one preceeding-f 4t tnnst
have a bead upon which every other part depends
and in accordance with whose legitimate demands
every part acts in harmonious concert. Every
system implies, an originator, and is expected to
accomplish an end : and as it did not create itself,
neither can it perpetuate its own existence. There
is no such thirjg as perpetual motion, either in
mind, rnoral or mechanics. Therefore, the oriri
n.itor ot any system i always expected to create
with it a motive power, that shall both excite to
action and control when acting : and a system
without this is incompetent and inefficient. - If this
be true, am I not justifiable in saying we have no
system of common schools ?
It is true, we have a literary fund, a portion of
which is appropriated to common education. We
have also a board of education; boards of superin
tendents, and Committees, and treasurers ; but all
these officers are in fact accountable to no one if
there be a forfeit and penalties the one is not
claimed nor the other inflicted. The money is
sent out (pro rata) and that is tlie last of it. 'No
one officially knohowor for what it is expend
ed. Who knowslhTamount uncalled for by any
teacher ? "Whp knows the amount illegally drawn
by disqualified : teachers ? No one. Is any officer,
treasurer excepted, accountable for his acts in re
gard to common schools ? Who will, if he can,
report the delinquent, when it is every one's duty,
and specially no one's? Is this a'sys tern
Let us examine the procedure of this appropria
tion. Theurt, an unaccountable and unpaid bo
dy appoints the board of superintendents: this
board, equally! non-amenable and no better paid,,
appoints the committeemen, and also an examin
ing committee This committee gravely examines
the applicant, and declares he can read, write and
cipher; and, therefore, according to law, is quali
fied to take charge of any common school in the
State. He presents his certificate, takes charge of
the school ; but let us .' enter the school room,
where vouns: ideas are tauoht how to shoot.- tha
qualification for life obtained, the youthful mind
moulded, the impress tor eternity received; be
hold the system. The teacher, the lowest bidder,,
without training, without polish, without education,
is the centre of an influence where limit is eternity.
He is the best the price will afford. H never was
governed and cannot govern, never was taught and
cannot teach, does not know and cannot instruct.
With him "must " is all law, "I know " all hu
man wisdom, and ''because" the embodiment of
all reason. The operations of such a school are
fettered by no rule ; be still and no progress, form
his motto ; all new books are an innovation not to
be tolerated. He has one difficulty, and'that is, to !
keep his s'.udents behind him, not by advancing
himself, but by keeping his -pupils back". Idle
habits are fbrnied time hangs heavilv on their
hands vanity is engendered, the inevitable re
sult of a conscious equality with the teacher and
bigotrjr, the offspring of ignorance, is early mani
fested. The three months school closes. The teach
er, having a certificate that he has taught accord
ing to law, draws his pay. And thus the farce
By examining the above, you will find the sys
tem is disjointed, and could not be efficient if eve
ry officer were' to do every thing in, the very best
manner his position requires. There is no unity
of design or efficiency of action it has no self
propelling controlling power it has no vitality-life-giving
principle that invigorates and directs
the whole. I stop for the present. ' A.
. Smith ville,4N. C, March 5, 1852.
i . ! For the Weekly post.
Fran&lin .Institute, Franklin co., N. C.j )
. ; j February 28th, 1852. ' f
Messrs. Editors, It is' exceedingly important
for the "Old Nd'rth State," that schools and col
leges abound, both for males and females.
This is a male school under charge of D. S.
Richardson, assisted by Mr. Spivey, for the benefit
of young'mmiand the writer will say that it is
well performing the duty of giving" a good educa
tion. When the WTeeklv Fost was established at Ra
leigh, it was believed that it would fully post its
readers up in reference to the progress of educa
tion ; and, therefore, this is sent for publication.
There are about fifty scholars in attendance here,,
and the writer knows they are improving we-
There is an excellent school for young ladies
near liere, under the" charge of Mrs. Richardson
aided by Miss Stone. . A lecture upon the human
mind, embracing Physiology, etc., was delivered
! here last evening, by Mr. Brakette, a gentleman
i from the west, which gave the fullest satisfaction
! to a very large audience: and after hearing the
j same the people here commend Mr. B. to the kind
1 treatment of othpr schools and colleges.
Now, Messrs. Editors, suppose you publish list
of all the schools of various kinds in this State, and
see if they will not advertise their merits in the
most decidedly readable" paper in the south.
South Lowel Academy is mentioned favorably,
as well as other Institutions, by those very com
petent to judge: and there-are others. Let the
reading public know where schools are.
You will likelv bear again from
THE WEEKLY. .
EDITED BY C. H. WILEY & W. D. COOKE.
RALEIGH, MARCH 13, 1852.
Terms TWO DOLLAKS FEB ANNUM, in Advance,
Three Copies, $5 full price, . . S6,
. Eight Copies, . .
, . 12
, 1 en Copies,
Twontv Coinos. . . .
j - -r-.. .. . J v
(Payment m all cases in aavaitce.)
j Sir Where a club of eieht, ten or twenty copies is sent, tho
I person making op the club will be entitled te a copy extra.
: All articles of a Literary character may be addressed to C.
! H.Wiley, Greensboro', or to the Subscriber, Raleigh. Busi
i ness letters, notices, advertisements, remittances, &.C., &e.,
should be addressed to W. D. Cooke.
j Advertisements of a proper character will be inserted at the
I usual rates.
I WILLIAM D. COOKE, Pkoprietor.
j 55 Postmasters -are authorized to act as Agents for the
J Weekly Post.
IMPROVEMENTS ABOUT RALEIGH.
.We have visited several times of late the large
! establishment of -Mr. Silas Burns, in tins eity, for
the purpose of seeing the operations and examin-
ing the work turned out by our enterprising neigh
bour, and we must say that we were highly grati
fied at what we saw. A great variety of j beautiful
castings are constantly executed in a highly credit
able style, and in the Machine Shop adjoining, Mr.
Burns has recently completed, with the aid of ac
complished workmen in that difficult line, and put
into successful operation in Johnston and Cumber
land counties, two beautiful Steam Engines of 35
horse power each, which we think deserve an in
spection from all who have an opportunity to visit
them. "We need not add that Mr. Burns has bur
best wishes for continued success in the honorable
species of enterprise in which he is engaged.
AYe have also noticed with pleasure the improve
ments in progress around the premises of the Lle
pot of the Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road. A consid
erable addition' has recently been made to one of
the shops1, and an extensive lot adjoining, substan
tially enclosed. These are cheering signs that the
prospects of tins Road are bright ehing. In con
nection with the subject, we , may say that the cars
have been arriving of late in very good time, and
with commendable punctuality. AYe respect this
quality in cars', stage coaches and steamboats, very
highly, and wish to honor them for the cultivation
of so important a virtue. A change of hour for
leaving Raleigh, has also been made, which will
prove convenient to many. The cars now start at
half past seven, A. M,, and the mail does not close
till an early hour of the same clay. Passengers,
Correspondents, and Publishers, will not therefore
be compelled, as heretofore, to keep unreasonable
hours to avoid being: too late. '
The sun is now rapidly approaching rthe "line,"
and will soon recross it for his annual northern tour.
H& brings with him a host of renovating influences
to revive the drooping face of nature, and elevate J
the desponding spirit of man. The; charms of this
beautiful season we leave to the artist and the poet.
Its advent is as important. to our interests as it is
delightful to our tastes, and the cultivators of the
soil have ever regarded it as a critical period in the
round of their avocations. In our latitude it is
emphatically the ''seed time'' of the year. The
success of the farmer depends very much upon the
skill with which he shuns the difficulties of an un
favorable Spring, or avails himself of the advant
ages of one more propitious to his exertions. If he
makes a bad beginning, all his future struggles will
not be sufficient to repair the error. If we mistake
not, a widely prevalent oversight of this fact con
stitutes a serious defect in American farming. The
Dutch and German farmers who have, by their ex
ample, contributed so much to our improvement in
the art, are remarkable for a scrupulous attention
to the seasons, and for a systematic arrangement of
their labors. It is true that' many of them rely
with superstitious credulity upon, the indications
derived from a rather crude meteorology -but
leaving that out of view, there is no doubt that
their pre-eminent success in farming and gardening
is due, in a great measure, to the habits thus ac
quired, and transmitted from father to son through
a long series of generations. Systematic arrangej
ment, and minute attention to little things, are es--sential
to this, as to every other branch of human
Let the farmers of N. Carolina be wide awake
then, and not allow the enervating influences of
the season to cheat them out of golden opportuni
ties, upon the right use of which so many of their
hopes depend : Let them watch the weather,- if
they do not believe in the Moon, and wisely con
form to its indications.
If revolutions must come, we would like to have
a hand in one which should elevate the science of
Agriculture to its proper level. If we must have
intervention in some form, let us intervene with
patriotic zeal between the kindly soil and delight
ful climate with which Providence has blessed Us,
and that headlong, reckless, and thriftless husband
ry which has so long characterized the Southern
As appropriate toi the season, we would cheer
fully dilate upon these advantages, and urge upon
our population the profits and the pleasures con
nected with their improvement. There is a sky
above us almost unrivalled in its benignity, and as
propitious as heart could wish, to the cultivation
of the grains and plants to which the soil is adapt-
ed. It is true that m some parts of the State j 7
soil is naturally thin, and in others Las h' '
hausted by a vicious ystem of cultivation ; iut "'
the whole, we believe it has been; grossly j'
estimated in comparison with sonie of the 0tU
states of the UnioD, and we do not.douU
would compare favorably with some of the .,llf '
flourishing countries cf Europe. If We are r;.r.
there is little excuse for the depressed stau !
agriculture in our midst, and it is high time f !
our people to begin to vindicate their patriotic
Uy il JieHLCl akreuuvu i.yj mo auieilLlIJO priDCIpj
upon which it should be conducted.
But we cannot pursue the subject fuitLor '
present. Our imagination is disposed to rat
among the farms, the orchards, tlu-.vinevarU J
kitchen gardens, and the flower gardens of t'
State, and to take rotes of the improvements
are'ih progress, or of the negligence that would pr
bably stare us in tjie face. But we must furlK..
The perfumed air, the vocal grove, the clieerful'a
pect of nature generally, tempt'us to proceed ; J--.
we are. compelled to forego the pleasure, mij
leave the renovation of the State to those -wLo
more familiar with the details of industry,
the laws thai govern jit. '
THE USE OF STIMULANTS.
A Correspondent writes : " It would be c...
rious to inquire not ohly' what stimulants a.
most affected by people coming from dinY.;
stocks and living in different climates, hut ,j;v
is the character of the intoxication produced U
each, and what is the diflereitt efhet of each j ,
on the character of those who use them. IV
masticate the betel-nut mixed with catechu or hr',.t
jqponica throughout central, and tropical ,
There has been little inquiry, I believe, into its m.
tal and physical effect. In Manilla, they chew tl
leaf of the buyo palm. Can any one tell wl(iit fl
its precise effects on the constitution In S u
America, they use the Paraguay tea, but . we l a
only very vague accounts of the manner in wlueL
tne minu ana tcay are anecieu uy u. in Ucrniiuv
there are persons, who stimulate themselves wiu
small doses of arsenic ; and the fatal and danuew.
consequence of this practice have been lately
with some minuteness. In some countries istol
found a class of people called dirt eaters, whorati
a morbid appetite by eating a peculiar kind 6l'4ru
They are notquite unknown in the United Stat
in some of the barren parts of South Carolina r,i
found families of them, looking like walking eorj.,
and carrying in their faces ample evidence ot t
deleterious nature of the habit. . ( x
"I think it would appear, on examination, ih
the people of northern climates are most addicts
to the intoxication of fermented liquors, and tin
of warmer countries to that of narcotic herbs. lh
exhilaration of wine and beer is enterprising ; that x
opium and tobacco dreamy. The first best suit-n
race of the sanguineous temperament, warlike ana
migratory ; the latter a people of the billions or
phlegmatic temperament, disposed to acquiesce. in
things as they are. The Goths, and Gauls, and
Huns, the invaders and conquerors of Europe in the
middle ages, were great swillers of beer and mead:
the Chinese, a people of a very different character.
who may have beer, mead, and spirits, ad Itbitm,
' " Is there no one who will pursue, this" inquiry C
N. Y. Eve. Post.
Without entering into the subject of "stirmi'
Iants " philosophically, 'w may atid to t?w. afwke .,
that human nature seems unconquerably determin
ed on having stimulants of some sort, and will not -be
satisfied without them. In the absence of liili :
moral motives leading them to virtuous action?,
men are every where found resorting to one da
or another of these appliances to drown the eart
or relieve the monotony of life. Take away win.1,.--opium,
tobacco, the betel nut, arsenic, gaming, and
the thousand other means employed for the j.ur
pose, and you generally find them substituting or
tain other agencies, either of a physical or mora;
character, in their stead, and it sometimes bapi
that the substitute is the more pernicious of tk
two. This is indeed the key to fanaticism ; it sob
itself about abolishing some form of vice, real
imagined, to the eradication of which it belieusi:
self particularly called. This is the avowed, p
haps the only conscious purpose ; but the rutin
spring of their action after all, is a restless sj'r
which demands excitement as its constant alinier.
and is even willing-to engage in virtuous pursu
to obtain it. In other cases,- a carping, growling
or supercilious spirit of criticism, a pronene :
uncharitable suspicions, or, a thirst for controvert,
coupled with a despicable duplicity, are the faumf.
stimuli used by the self deluded victim to keep kj
the desired excitement, and preserve from stasia
tion an' impure and disordered mind. '
- ; r ;
AYe invite attention tp the interesting commiii. -
cations in this week's paper. Our friend "'"'""
does no more than justice to a very much neglect
ed book, the literary merits of which are as
perior to ordinary compositions, as' its morality t
above that of other systems of religion.
The communication signed "A" brings up a . ,
subject of immense importance to the interests u:
the State. The defects pointed out in our preys''
school system are deeply to be deplored, and thr
can be no doubt that a general Convention of tea--
k. U , i i m "......lit
era wuuia meet ana remedy tnem more eneciua".' .
than any other method that could be aJupt
Such a Convention would probably give date to a
new era in the History of North Carolina.
Nineteenth Annual Report of the Manager5
of the Pennsylvania Institution rpa the Blind "
This interesting document has. been thankfully r?'
ceived, and we have examined its contents with pie
ure. The institution is flourishing in its various ;
partments, and continues to merit the high distinct
it has won among the .benevolent foundations fr
which Philadelphia is celebrated. The Principal dis
cusses some important questions of a practical charac
ter irr-f elation to the welfare of the Blind, which sceJi
entitled to the special consideration of those engag v
in thcirlnstruction. i. . "
Godey for March, is a good number, so faras
can judge from a hasty examination. It is not be
any of its cotemporaries in the taste with which it lS
got up and arranged, i b ' '
Haepee's New Monthly magazine for MarA -
appears to. be" a very:fnteresting number. The rt1' .
cles promise a variety of entertaining; and instruct'1'
reading, into which, however, we have not had time28
yet to penetrate farther than the surface.
The March Number of the Stethoscofe, and l1
pVK xr r ii' t . i... tinpn 1."
M. C LP. XI If. Ill rilH lUKlHP.Kn C
oh our table by the.agent in this city. They i"e
valuable publications devoted to Medical science, 81
the present numbers well sustain their claims
I encouragement of the Profession.