,.4.. . ., . . ... .
-flvl bate-the inoat Perfect coon
deuce ia iu final triumph. . The pub
lie attention it routed. ;,Te subject
will be. tlruroogMy investigated, and I
kaTC Dft fcaxa .iMt.-lUe sidel airport,
"will prove be the side of truth.
jttticrii1rtj civitiziTwm, and tnor-
at ana intellectual excellence
- '-. IN SENATE. '
.'.' Saturday, Marth 10.
' A. petition was presented- by Mr,
Buchanan, Irora a citizen of Philadel
whin.' an the tubicct of the currency.
proposing a plan fur a national bank,
the Block to be owned by the different
States, in the proportion of their dele
"gation in the House of Reprejeotaliveaj
the draRa tu be endorsed by the reepec
five Slates, and become the currency
of the country; the capital at first to
be grO.000,000, afterwards to be in
created to 2150,000,000, and then to
increase at the rate of of two per cent,
ner annum. Mr. B. aaid the olan was
ingenious, though he was not convinc
ed ol its expediency. Ordered to lie
printed. ' ' - 1 , - - '-
The Senate' resumed the considera
tion of the Sub-Treasury bill,
Mr. Calhoun rose and spoke nearly
two hours in reply to the speech of
Mr. Clay, delivered on thel9ih wit.
chit 11 rn : defence of hit own political
course and consistency, an incidental,
ly on the character and merits of the
question which had ween celled u
pon ti act during- his public career.
Mr. Clay rejoining at considerable
:' ........... ..r t ...
itruziii urpwit. v pviiuiis
and the opinions expressed by him in
the speech referred to, in regard to
Mr. Calhoun's political course.
-M r: PrHlnn miili hum remti L 1. Jn
renlv to Mr. Clay on the subject o
Nuliflcaiion. and in defence of the
course of South Carolina in that re
Mr f 1 ami Me. Calhoun contin
ued the debate la alternative reply and
rrioioder until half-past 5 o'c'ltfcfci
when, on motion of. Mr. Webster,-
' The Senate adjourned.
" In the House of Representatives,
nothing of great interest took place. .
. IN SENATE. -v
; ,. n r . -Ajxnday 3 larch 12.
A message was received from the
President of the United 8 tales, through
Mr, A Van Buren, his private Secre
tary. r,7,-. i t ' i ' . ' '
iTho following petitions,. kK were
.JBrMr. McKeani The memorial of
Q, , A. Perkins and ninety (hers, citi
zens of Athens,. Pennsylvania remon
atrating agaiottthe annexation of Tex
as into tl Union, and praying Con
gress to respect all propositions of that
sort from whatever source they may
come.r Laid on tht table. '
By Mr. Buchanan: From citizens1
olYsshinRteti county, Pennsylvania,
praying Congress to pats a Taw for itt
Wall: A memorial of the
same import, from a meeting at New
ai k, of citizen, of New Jersey. Both
mcmoiiala were read, laid an the table,'
and ordered to be printed. ? '
! ... 'Jl0tti'3ub'T)rttuury, t i '
Mr. Crittenden rose, he ss'ul.- te
present to the Senate certain resolu
tiona of tht Igislaturt of Kentucky,
cotdenwttory of tht coarse of the- late
and present Administrationa in rela
tion to tit currency, and especially of
the sub-Treatury bill, and lie would
accompany tht performance of thia du-
f wttn tew remarxa.
,Vi ismU be rrmtifiod to nubliah
Mr. Crittenden'a truly able ahd elo-
t . A lf ' fit
quent remarKSi out .our iimita -win
not oermiL 11a insisted thai- tht
dominant party wert bound to .respect
public opinio on thia aubjectj that
New York, great in wealth, resources
and population had spoken againat the
Mil. 4 rcaaur j ) iut . j ciiujitbhi
alow, majestic, and considerate, in an
nnunriii hue oniniona.' ia also advanc
ioz to the rescse of the country ; from
tt'ii'litiir:'--OtltrUte4"-- wert op
noted to itt littlt Rhode lalaKdi with
all her buainess, talenta and 1 aagacityi
New Jerter. Ohio and Tennesnee, and
in that brurht array is tht eiato tf
Kentucky, lit demanded of (lit par
ty'ifaU'tueea demonstrations of pop
wtar opposition to ' tht sub-Treaturr,
wlcm fa bo eonteuined. " ' "
Mr. Webster apoke at largo in op-
posiuon wuit nunn, noveuj
it legitlaUon and in praeikej in vin
dication, of the credit system," a the
great touret of eaual -'and 1 touiwiuai
wealth and general prosperttyi on the
dnrso and neressile of a ' sound
currency and tU cons,ittwnaI duty
nlatt tach a currency, on1 the tenden
er and necessary effects of tha pen
dm aaeaaae.' and added much to hit
former argument, affirming thV power
of Utngreaa to regulate t no currency,
specially; as . connected ' with their
power over commerce" and tht inter
course between tht States. : s Mr.' W.
had spoken four hours,' without com
pleting kit argument the greatest, it
U hliMt. haa vr. on anv ocea-
uton, delivered-iwheu he yielded the
Boar for a 'motion for adjournment,
nneV' " p' ' 1 'f''")"?''.' -'if - 4.sm'
TWSenate adjourned; ff;
,nOU8B OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Several gentlemtn presented memo
Hall against duelling wnich wert ri:
femuV- "h ": ' 'V:V;
Several unemorlals, tery numerously-
siptd,1 remonstrating against the
railage of the tub-Treasury biH, and
others in lavor of tht establishment of
a national bank, wert presented by
several gentlemen, which were sev
erally referred to theCommitteeoi int
Whole, to whic'i had been commit
ted the tub-Treasury bill, reported ty
the Committee of Way a ana Means.
Pe.iliom to Expuntt tht Ifeeiaramn
--- tf InitpendtMt. '
Mr Adams wesentedit:! memorial,
praying Contacts to rescind the , reso
lution of December, zt, 103, anu, ac
comparing it, a memorial praying Con
jrress to cause tlit u?curauon oi in
dependence to be expunged from the
40UftlbtjlitCogr.ets whiefc he
uaorea to reier, togeineri to ?'
commit tee. ..... . -11..,.?
, ,ir. uampDeu, , oi a. ju., ,rote
noor a constituency, which -Wt
The tpesker told him that no peti
tion waa debatable on the day it was
Mr. Cuthmtn moved to lay it on
the Ublej which motion prevailed.
, On motion, the Uouae adjourned,
at 4 o'clock.
IN SENATE, j
- 1udtti, Martk li.
. SUB-TREASURV SCHEME.
Tlit Senate then again proceeded to
the consideration of the bub-Treatury
Mr. Webster resumed tht floor and
addresaed the Senate about two hours
and a half, in continuation and conclu
sion of hit tpeech ajrainat the bill
particularly in favor of the eirasjiljtion-
al power and duty ot Congirss to rrpt
late the currency in reply to Mr.
Calhoun, and on the origin, character,
aud purposes of the Constitution.
Mr. llobbins haviur indicated hit
desire to spesk on the subject,
TU Ssuaio!jarnedr aticr an ex
ecu tive session.
HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES.
ORDERS OF THE DAY.-MES-
SAG& ON THE NOR TIIKA8 IE TN
The pending motion being Ut pre
vious question on the motion of Mr.
Howard, on the motion to refer the
Message of the President of tht Uni
ted States and accompanying docu
menla upon the subject of toe North
eatiern Boundary and the immison
mentof Mr. Greely, of Maine, to the
Committee, on Foreign AfTairt, that
motion waa put and prevailed, and the
proposed reference was ordered." ' -
Several bills from th Senate receiv
ed tbeir firat ami, second readings, and
were severally committed.
The Speaker laid before die House a
cemmunication from tht Secretary of
War, transmitting a report of the
Chief Engineer iu rep'y to tht resulo
tion of tht Iluust of Representatives
of (he 5th instant, requiring informs
Uon as (o the amount ot money expend
ed for the improvement of the Missou-rlrivtf.-''-'
..i ' t .i.-
prttrTutHriust. jtooVLfp ih. .aniil
to amend the bill by adding 4,000
for tht outfit of a new charge de Af
fairs to Peru, tht present charge be
ing about to return home. - Mr. Pe
truina opposed ami Mr. MKim sup
ported this propotitionj tht latter upon
tht ground of its mercantile necessity.
He waa in favor even of having a Min
ister there of the highest grade. 'Af
ter tome brief ramarka the amendment
waa adopted. : -
On motion, tht House at 40'ctock
tdjonrned. . ' . 1
- . IN SENATE.
. i .. HiJwJai March U.
Nothing of importance transpired in
the Senate to-day. .The Sub-Treatury
was under consideration. l
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. Montgomery tubmitted the fol
lowing, -which liea ever: -
, KMtod, Tost the SeereUrr of War be re-
euMtsd to furnuh this Houm with a copy of
his sntwtr te th letter to Gen. Jeanp, dated
rer Jupiter, rtbotry 1, 1839, it nst by bim
On motion of Mr. Cambrelmg; the
appropriation lor the United states
District 1 Courts waa augmented from
3 30,ooo to gsso.ooo, in antieipa
tion ef the UierVase of business on the
Troatifr-lttderthi Ikt law It preserve
neutrality. ' ' '
An item of 2,000 waa inserted to re
pair the roof of tht Mint at Charlotte,
:The residua of tht sitting was occu
pied in the discussion of a motion of
iir. lucotay, oi nunn vronn to,
strike eat of the item of $4,000 for the
salaries of : our consuls at Pans and
London.- In this - debate, ' Messrs.
McKay, Cambreling, Haynes, Bronson
Mercer, ' Howard, Bhepperd, of North
Carolina, and Adami, took part
- Before any decision was had,' the
committee rose and the House adjourn
ed.'."': : : " : "
: ' t. "' IN SENATE. " !'r
, ,s i k -y.:- ThHr$day Marth 15.
The ' Vice President presented 'i
communication from the Secretary of
tht Treasury, in pursuance of a Se-
nate resolatiou of the 9th instant,
with copies of the,' correspondence, -c.'
relating te the tondact of the f etrop
o!ta Bank of this city as a fiscal jent
of tht Government 1 Laid on the ta
ble.'"' i it I in .- .
Presented br'Mr. BuchananThe
proceedings of a ' meeting in Philadel-
Ehia In favor bftht aub-Treaury bill:
ad, laid on tht table, and ordered to
b printed, f ' ' ' !;; : '
I Mr. Buchanan, in pretentinr these
proceedings, Hid he bsd but a stngfe;
remark te make, anu that was. mat
from all tha.'- accounts whirh he had
received thii' hid "been an Immense I
meeting! and, although a-null. butj
highly respectable, minority of the
Democratic party of ,h city atd coB
ty of Philadelphia were opposed jo,
the Independent Treasury Bill, jet
be felt no hesitation Tn saying that a
yery large msjority of that party were
dedidedly friendly to the measare-l
A mesage was received from the
House? announcing the death of the
Hon. Timothy J. Carter, a member of
that body, and informing the . Senate
that the llouse would attend his fune
neral on Saturday at 1 o'clock.
After some remarks by. Mr. uug
glea, U respect of thd memory of the
!i..Lihft..Seaateiascrl the cus
tomary, resolutions, and adjourneiTtb
SitnrdtV. ' r.. .',.....:, jL-
,In the ltuse, tmmcqiateiy,aMfr
: -n '.i - mn .r.
orinii.tion.Mr. Evanuof Msine, aiir
aouoced, in an eloquent and pathetic
manner, tht death of b colleague.
Mr. Carter. After passing resolutions
of respect to tht deceased, thHou
adjourned to Saturday, - . , N-r.
' From ike CkarlMtsa M-curf,
IHr. Clav Mr. ! BweaiBBiaVB Afc-
Mettrt. Edilork one ef your
readers, I must exprm my thanke to
you for giving a vrtdt diasemination,
in tht proper quarter, to the wise, tem
pered and patriotic views of Mr. Buch
anan. Your columns could not have
been devoted to more interesting and
valuable matter, It is to benoped
that the tralv magnanimous spirit,
wkirh rwrtiilca hit tDcech, and the
stte countelt, which it contains, will
n.i tw tu.t cither on the teelmes or
thaw intclliaence of the South. Mr.
Buchsnsn well' observes ''Every
thing like psrty politics should be
ibsMtlietl from our deliberations en
this subject. thotdd derm myitlf
rvtliu ol moral trtaton, if, on a qutt
tion,' whichmay ondangtr the triilena.
cfiht Union, I mild permit m con
duet to b influenced by the petty dttirt
ef obtaining ' party triumph. It
would seem that on to vital a subject
and to such a ptlpablt dictate of duty
and safety, every one would yieia
ready and almost in tti active assent
.The alar question should never, for
one moment, be brought into the party
nolitiei of the dsr. and above all
thinrs never be made the pteef of the
r. "i . a 'fi.- n: :n
rreaiurniiti coiunu im vhwdvim
inevitably be the price of such fully
and madness. LCt the country be
divided on such an issue, and ditun
ion mutt be the speedy and certain
result. ' The profound silence of the
Constitution aa to the word slavery,
proclaims more emphaticaiey than tha
moat emphatic language, .extreme
delicacy of the Subject, and suggests
(he duties which attach to it,' obliga
tory on every Citizen. -In the teeth
of this obvious injunction ef the spirit
ef tht Constitution f of Hhest ' admoni -tion
of policy we regret' to have
divisions and the instrument' of per
sonal and party aggrandizement. ' To
come ta the pointthe most atudious
injustice hss been done to Mr. Clayt
suppression and invention have been
both resorted ts to poison the citizens
againtthim. - It hat even been attemp
ted to make him out a poaitive enemy
to the South, and that too in contraat
with Mr. Van Boren. ' We art not
about to commit tht sin wt ' art con
demning. ' Whatever' objections we
have to Mr. Van Buren, wo shall not
quarrel with him as to his present posi
tion ea iliis question. Whatever hos
tility to the 8outh on this point his
history meyfurnish 4etit be forgiven
and buried. But but I will make the
ataertion and challenge contradiction,
that hie past history will not compare
with Mr. Clay's in fViendlinrss to the
6outh. No one of his political parti -
xana will have the hardihood to deny
that h did not go with Rufut King on
the Missouri Quetrionr and advocate
the restriction wftich excluded $lvave
ry from that State ee the, condition
of tti admitritm into the Union. Mr.
Clay's position and conduct are equal
ly, notorious, and were directly.tht
opposite. But wt repeat again, sin
cerely and f frankly, that we wish not
to raie the question of greater or leas
friendlineta to the South, as between
these gentlemen whatever may have
been Mr. Van Burn's history as to
tbia matter, wt will not, and have not
ought to disparage him We are
satisfied with his present position
and ia not Mr. Clay as strong, as true
to the Consti tu tion," as just to tht
South! Let hit own resolutions de
fine bis principles, and spesk his sen
timental And tme let it be obsetved,
mat mete resolution art an in ac
cordance veith Mr Buchsnan't sue
gestions, both as to principle, snd the
lone of tbeir expression. As to slave
ry in the States, In the District of Co
lumbia and tht Territory of Florida;
they art identically what Mr. Buch
ana called for. First, as to Slavery
in-theStatest-J-'"' ' '!- v
! Resolved, That the institution of
domestic slavery,- as now existing ;in
man of the states of this Confederacy,'
is subject to tht exclusive power- and
Control of these Mates respectively in'
which it exists, ami that no other ttate,
nor the people of any other state,- nor
CotigreM,'' possess, or can riehtfully
exercise any power or authority what
ever tt interfere in any- manner here
with. " " ' --
' 'Rtsolved, That if any citizens tf
U.' States regardless of the spirit ef
and union, which
should ever animate'the varioui mem-
ber of the 'confederacy, and their re
tpectire citizens, hall pretent to the
genstt any petitions loucmrg i
oolitioa of slavery in any of the ttes
in which it exts, nil sue pein
shall be instantly rejected, without
debater and without farther or other
. . 1 ' a' i -4 1
proceedings therein, as reiaiing u
object palpably beyond the scope of
the constitutional power of Cougresa.
As to the District ol iiumou
Resolved. That the luference of the
citizens of any of the States, with the
view to the abolition of slavery ii Jhe
District, if endangering the rights and
security of the peopla ot iie yisinci
and that any ac or measure ot oon-
tha District would be a violation of
the faith implird in the cenions by
the SUtes of Vireioia and Maryland;
a just cause of alarm to 'the people of
the alaveholding ntatcs, and have I
direct and inevitable tendency to die
torb and endanger Che Unoin . :
At to the Territories .
Resolved, That any attempt of Con
e-reis to aboliah slaverv in any Ter
ritory of the United States in which it
exists, would create serious alarm and
jutt apprehensioAa'in the States sus
taining tnat .nomettice . inatituuon;
would be a violation of good fith to
wards the inhabitants ofsny tuth ter
ritorr who have been permitted to
settle with aud hold slsves, because
the people ot any such Territory have
not asked for the abolition of alavery
therein, and because, thr.t when any
auch -Territory shall be admitted into
the Union as a Slate j the people thereof
will be entiled to decide that question
exclusively for themselves.
The two last resolutions were adopt
cd aa a substitute for Mr. Calhoun's
3th. ,.rcolutioii;were supported by
every - Sou tnero -vote, - ana received
the sanction of S6 to nine of the Sen
ators present the entire vote of the
Senate being 52 when full And be
it remembered that Mr. Clay, in his
course, acted in response to the sug
gestion of his political opponents at
tht North, and received the highest
compliments of his political opponents
st the South, and the sanction of the
entire South; whether friends or fites.
Who would believe after thia direct,,
complete public committal ia perfect
consistency too with bis . whole long
carecre that almoat the whole
Buren, and Calhoun press of the South
have and continue to represent Mr.
Clay tk an ally of the abolitionttla
asetlicir tool and pander?. Yet the
very last official paper, which has
rached our city, haa devoted columnt
to this work of slander. .With" a sui
cidal recklessne! of the vital in
terests of the South, the government
paper, sustained by its affiliated pres
ses throughout the South, seeks to
bring the question, of slavery, into 4VU
presidential struggle challenges the
votes of the South oh tha , express
ground that Mr. , Van Buren - is the
" Ai o ..'I ilanmnrf,
Mr. Clay its its enemy. Te sty noth
ing of the gross injustice of .the charge
against Mr. Cly it. the South pre
pared to countenance or to enter upon
such a pernicious atruggle? Is ahe
prepared to multiply her enemies by
base ingratitude, and deliberate in
justice? Is she ready to stake her all,
to fling her dearest interests at the feet
of presidential ramblers, and for the
sake of a party triumph, jeopard the
very foundations of her prosperity?
. 1 mutt or;-pardon. Messrs. Edi
tort, for trespassing so far upon your
Kinonett, ana occupying so much
of your crowded cob inns. But the
interests of the South, no lets than.
uie vindication oi an illustrious statea
man and patriot demanded that calu-
umny ahouid be exposed, and the truth
made manifesto Let me repeat, in
conclusion, mat i seek not to injure
Mr. Van Buren or to benefit Mr.
Clay, as Presidential aspirants, on
the ground of thcir retpettivc relation
ship to slavery. Iet the contest be
waged on other and legitimate
grounds. vine constitution excludes"
Uiit vital interest from tuch a contest
tht .conipromiacs which have made us
one people,, and whose observance
aft necessary to continue as ont people
exclude Mi tht vrnnoriTy position of the
Sooth excludes iti. everr cousiden.
tion o( interest and every obligation of
outy, rxciuue it. the ftouth would
never tolerate a President who owed
bit election te tht sole fact that he
was opptoted to slaverv. The North
would neer endure a President who
should be put over it, on the mere
ground that he was a friend of slaverv.
when this issue is once nude up, the
constitution will be praeticslly deadj
the South must be defeated, and (the
Uniou at in end. May every man.
beet what ha. may,, belong to-wharj
party tie may, meet the fate of a trai
tor to his country who would seek
to raise it . . . ..it '.',:,
N.! B, I owe it in justice to tht
Courier to addTthat itt columns have
been free from any tiling approaching
injustice to Mr. Clay, or to any ptrty
Hie Jurfgea nf the iSapreme Court
were invited by a (Tommittee of the
House of Representatives;' to attend
the . Funeral: of Mr. Cilley. , The
Court having conferred together on
the subject, after mature and solemn
deliberation,' adopted tde fullowin
Retolu lions: . .
"ReaslraiL Tkal the Jbm:m ml .k. -
CjMrt entertita a hi(h r,peM fa, ,h, .bar,.,,,
of lbt4teaH, abMerery deplort bis ailmlr
4ml, W ni.''
f.mftj Ml lb- b" Ulle?
i . . -i a ' L J
rttr nttt Ho ol Kprtoti.
no ihc Cowutee w Ho, by '7
in fct fctr J , m wm mi ifce
ov Mtn (Mibiic, wit an w u r .kii ...
im, ilic huertl of k t le
Ttwe WaftdamHO Caae
OPIXiOX th Suprtm Cmrt tf ih V
uttutft. in tht tan r ,imi m.cnwn, .
mtttr (inert, wriu Vniltd Statettx-
reialitt 8ltkto Sttktl, BO .
We copy the follpwing decision of
the Supreme Court in this important
case, from lie National I nteUtgencer
of the IStOostSe
mark: ' '
Most sinceVlr do we congratulate
our re ader I Upon the above decision.
and, above all,' upon the spirit r in-
deoendence,- and of resistance to tne
insi.lnus encroachments of despotism,
which are embodied in it, and to
which we do not understand the three
Judges to dissent, . though they did
distent from the Other six on the qeea-
tion of law. This Opinion confirms
and fixei our respect for the rharac
icr of the suoreme Court, and our
revcrencefoMhe principle of judicial
independence, so intimately blended.
in our mind, with these of judicial in
tegrity and rnnsisteney. It will stand
ss a beaenn tn mark to demagogues In
office, for alt future time, the point at
which there rresrtmptiun and tyren-
noatdispiiiti'i will be rebuked and
effectively stayed. The force of thii
illusion ctnnot be well understood
nlet by quott lions fiem the Opin
ion, which we have it not in our power
to makr. The Jsubstance of one paa
sage, however, we venture to aiaTiT
from memory thus.tie"lrgumefif
that ihe officer of the Government in
thia Case wns responsible tn the Prcit
dent of the United Statet alone for the
dmcliarge of the duties imposed upon
him by Isw, is entitled to no weight:
to recognise its validity would be
testing in the Pretident a ditpenting
power which hat no warrant in any
part of the Constitution : it would
be to impute to him, in enecf. a power
to control the legislation of Con
Here Mlows the decition:
'The Supreme Court of the United
States yesterday brought its annual
session to a close. -
Next in importance to the decision
in favor of its own jurisdiction in the
case between the Statea of Matsarhu
aetts and Rholde Island, the most im
portant principlea decided 1 by the
Court at this term are supposed -to W
those involved in the case of , 7ne
Kendall, Pottmaster General vs. f7f
ted Sla'et ex relatione Stockton, Slokelt,
In this great case, 'Mr. Jnttice
Thompsok delivered ihe Opinion of
the Court, for the follwini!' abstract of
.u:.i, indhtd , In' ihe hinl-
netsot a fnemt more familiar with
law terms than we profess to bef
BurarM Count, moxpat, Mtacii 12.
.tmct Kendall, Putmuttr Gcna-al,
Unitti Stale it relatitae StfrfrU. Stvt,
AtitBMT o tu Ofiiioi tr yst, Ccr.
The questions re finrt, Doetth record
pretrnt proper ce fort Mannmu? 24
Doet ilteCireiiit'CMirtof lhi District pot
ti jiriMietimi m Ihcowf
The Cwirt think ll)l Ihe act required t
I r - L., .t.i n . . ' . . -
uk ciiuiiutu j ui runmmtr tfnerai w a
mere miniMe ril el, in which the Prrsiilcnt
hit ro tuihorityto interfere. It wonH be
an fcUrmipg doctrine to msinujl ft it. in
tlie perform lice of Kteh ikitietMweMjmned
by law upon ny publie officer 'be eViidrM
has tnv rieht to iolerlere; In tltU caw there
Ua-oonflict between tle Judicial and Eiec-
Tha elaimv origioatly were against the
United Statea through the United Stales.
Ttie United States could not be aura wltrwtit
their consent. They aubmitud the cla ma
to the Solicitor for hi txaminaiinn ami a
ward, ami the Pratmaater Central vat di
rected In creJitThe
Simiiint ol ihe' award.
The dee iaion bt lite Solicitoe, wnder ftSe set,
wat Anal no appeal wt allowed no Mine,
vising power given to the Postmaster Genet
al or to any ntiier party . .
.lJXtt--rueatUaad sriehst ' -tfir
parties, onderlbe act of Conrest, did rot
poaseas a clear vetted viarttt. IJuf, whether
the Legialalure cuiinld have reriard thit de.
cliovr not, H has not done ,n, Jn-far"ws f
Cuncerns ntie branch rr the Letislatiify, the
trt'on rf the. Senate amonntt 4ot Trcna-ni.
Ijjoo of the bindirf authority of the award.
ii HoaaimoNs opinion of Ihe Senate pr-cln.
ded thoiiecesaity of goina; tolbe other Mouse.
Tb right thut aacertaWd," the mean ef
enforcicgilJshy the judicial aiHhority".
The authority of the rrraidrnt to forh'd
r to col rot the eiecotion nf the law ia at y.
fiance with every principle of tbeiGorenv
mrnt. ..... , j-
. fn fief, toe president hat not acted '' in the
case sa.sfo bring these depart menra into
conflict. He has refo'se'd to Interfere In
prevent the eieemUn of the Isw. i... .
I Tha right of ihe relator, under the act nt
Corgrew for their relief, it now absolute and
tlor is it to be rnrvrced The art fW he
done ia pnreV wmieterial- The oflieer iff
reeted 10 perfcrm it baa no discretion. ' la Ihe
remedy by Mandamus a lit ami apnenpriate
remr,ly. , . y ,
. The cwimtmTaW of Maryland it the law nf
Ibis, District- The enmmnn taw providea
tbia writ ts the peculiar1 remedy in atteH ea.
sea. T lie remedies. mriiMl iv. k..
were, an spplicatmn to the f resident, rr la
Congress; or . cls il anit. 'ITieaa are nnt aurK
remedies as the fa w requires. . ,
A esse ofUaoilamua ia a ease' withi.V the
CotistrtutMm. - ft posaetaet all Hhe qotHtiet
of such case. .: rr ,, m
J. Haa the Circuit Court 'nf lliia llljiei
jnrisdicUonof thisea4 H. haa been dci
Oetl tliat the Circuit Co.irta oT the tT it-d
States have not juHadiction. the
Court of th'M Diatrict largtr powrra in thia
paniciilar' . . , '
Ttie leimsof the Ci,aiitntian l.t
eniKirh to warrant ('.i.nr.. in.:... u .
itriHietinn m the Circuit or ollMf Wcier
eourttoftbe t'uhed Statet, '
Ko o'.jecUpn een pret;i .lerivej
licial character "of the Dtii i
(!ir.-ctetl. or the cli.m i., . , .
UU clle.r..fio1 oDe,rlUMh
The catTS dectdrd in thx Court V
lied tliat the po er to iaane . '
ilWo the jtxial.mcrCwfviredV,
Cunttilutioni an llia tlioae conn, e, i
not eonferrrd itpoo idem all the p0t,
k eonat'ituiioiuilltf m:glt d
the CoMtilitiiii i tct, tof
Corrreas postrasea excltiiir, VirwW
thority over this Ptaidct '8fc,.T!
. - . . -
case in whicn Individual nrlita t"
ed, the judicial outbonly ahuuld be coJT
aive with the legiklative. 't,
n Mar land, prior to the ceaaia
Diatrxt.thc writ of Man lama, ,M reeiw
m an tppmpToite remedy in esse wl,L"le
on the principlet of the common ul'
oold lie. ..-;.:;..'!;-...t ,..-U,r.
tiun which ctw be tmw nercUeJ.
' Under Ihe" 1st tec of ihe act of 270, fi
1 801 1 em.timiinjr Ihe Uvi of Mfl1j .
of sir.i: r
wuiil.1 v-m that Ihia trmA u
lemtdy i. centiZT
The 3d snd 5tli fetlooa of the
confirm tha tame conclusion.
The C'tort affirm, the deaia'ion of tht tk
euit Court.. for the l)itrict of CohimHia,
costs, and remand, the case to that Coaitk
further proeeeilinpt. ' ' 1 .- ;
The Chief Juttice, for himself tti
Judge Barbour, and Judge Catror
dissented from the opinion of ftj
tJotirt. The Chief Justice coneorrtj
with Ihe majority of the Court iu thea.
pinion that the judicial power, as is
caieil by the Constitution, authorbe
Congreta to confer jurisdiction apt
any of the Circuit ' Courts to ; hat,
writs of Mandamus; and -alar, m
wsa fit case for a Mtndatnus,
hit judgment, it waa the bosjndenev
ty of the Poatmatter General to eqbr
the credit fur the full amount swirdrl
by t)e Solicitor at anon aa that awiri
waa noting 4 htm. Ihe only rrotnt 1 1
r A- 4 i-i ; B "III
oi uiaacni vas, mat n two noi - eoBctr f
in-4hat part of IheOptmrinrwhTrlrtatr
sidered tW Circuit Court of-thrib "
trict aa poscssing larger' 'povers w
this particular than the other Circuit
Courts of thev United States. ,
TU K STAK
R ALEl G 1 1, M ARCH 21 ,"TS
MR.' CALHOUN AND MR. Cf.AT. '
" H'he Ceekmeeti J&rret JfiemcpmtiA.
-""""""""'iuffwari- " ;
These two diitingultbed ' gentlemen, tali
warm ronteat in the Senate on tb 10th bat
Mr. Calnvua took oerasiun to "ettJ aa av
eount with Mr. ("I; ha reviewed that fnllt.
mao', sltara both iiHn his peraooal and tsnd
ral rharartrr, in a very !! and witheriiiMa
nerj and be waa as warmly repMed- lab Yt
l'r. He euMfnedMr. Clsy'a reaano ft ana)
peiaunaliliea t be, "an inability to amoeba
arguoienia, and b had striven to ereaMttsi
jutliee aasii hn mot ires and- rhrartw,.bj
wur ol jeuenuig. the cTVct of tht se argymrM
He went intVn ejpotition of hie priixipW
and mnoVated his consistency in aopponfaiit
Bott-Tra.ory. Mr. Clar had alluded t
EdgeAeld letter writen ta a portioci of aba
stituanls jual before the eitre aewaioo, ii
Ij'n ol'jrcj in (ating tha step Indicated if
taitet wa not to olitain power or place; it w
to ssta unharmed and unromprnmrrd, !"0e
prinriple. When he w the men,,, rfib
Pre.ilent of the United Miataa and rhali
eoaimrnded the "Divorce,'' be did not batrn
o n w aboaiM ponaf
nm an i'nsta'rl! The great body of II: i
with y.Sirh he hn.l Ix-lufe hen arttnain on
sili..n, wer mariini-iunde the banner W,
Nalional Bank. Had he with hie friend,. Ma
d.tbat march what would have lr,-n tht rank
but a National Rank? jUJ waa he o absadot
U his principle and pursue a cosirse wtick
must inevitable teud to the production af iH
Ihe evils he had so atrenuonsly oppoaed? Tin
8enainr from Kenturky haa but brieflv Xlaftt
l bia moUve.j be bsd rharitahry left UVmm
lima far devrlnpemenL And Ihia to hiit-w
ln,Bw,!S ih-adetoodiftUL upojJut-old,ba
brcupied ground chsnuine in no,hine In
finding rireumatanres rhanging ao as te oil,
bis own principle applicable to that ehsnjf-,
(ut km til b rbarged with eintatr twowrf
Sir. tatd he. uch.imptilsn'one I know wroitM
Ihet have ahead, fallen U tha, da' I dims
them there! I jirk up the impotant dan '
ban dropped hatmh-M at my feel, andksrtH
ha-k at him who threw Id What that Srsrist
had accused hiiM of, unjuly, ww epriliesWsVi f
nimseii. lie rtM "mm everT and SUttt
"left It U lime to. develops bia nKtia.?i TM
tv-naioroiii Kentucky had form ly awsnlrl
to him die rhararlorietie ef Mem fidel tv. Tty
r.:isracreriiitH-. he hoped, bad nnt vet beet
felled, if it were ever pntseased. He eouW nai
alert another inotsnre. in hi eeveef. wkidi
rooM mere fuHy an.lain bia rhsrsrtae for st
fidelity, than hi raurpe 4bt Pols-Terwff-He
knew that he ahould he eiroe illo Jx ifl
fmpoiiroha"vhicli bal,indeed been heaped tt
him thav he- ahould be estranged from Us
with whom aide by aide, be find ta eoeimJ
ht, aa with, brethren Aw it Ike -p-- j
TSiifAieh opened itaelf hearf. hint, tad bt
boldly trod in iu fearlras and tegsrdleea ot M
eMtsequenree, Ua owed to JMr. Clay tw
party no attcfiianr nr did he ow;T1is
to sny thing hot hi Oed and bia eoontry. B
bebingivya Ihe 1,1 Republican party. Ihe tssfi
ima snd pnliev of which were well awd sW
konwn. ,JIe wisrtMeiinportalt who npperl'
pirw; and all wh oprmied them e would f
pfwe. He neit adverled tn Mr. Oley'ealU tp
on his intellertiiar facultioi. Here be
aareatie,-wttberine.' -' e '
There wee axtthing. be r en tended, ef srirs
thoaa poeareaed nf fetch intellect heatbi he aw
cartful, than of indulging Jo trfteeban at)
those Irsa bountifully gifted. Inleleet.andl'
ment were gitU from Providence, end HwhH
fn mso l udg hi fellow man harebty ft ft
bwk df fither. ' HeeouW not Vetott opf
Senator (rem Rewtoekv the eniibet "oietspky
el,M which that Senatrtr bad preferred. tst
neeon on himrir. . He could not award I sw
the poseresien Mfhnve 'higher qualiieeosiirf
(he power of generalitstlon. and. aa U wet,
ehymleet analri, whlth 'the who do not f"
seat them, and who envy those who fa sit
wont lo deenminaia fnslaph " ' I'"
t!t tbseoot of theee vary otuslirlea.(ha) eotiew'
ed) whirh had. in a remarkable uiwnner.ekse
teierited the whole public courae eyf the SerisiK
ft)Keritarky; fht 3tfiktat had ever arm
edt'arefrr4be epecitHM lo the eolid---lh r'11"
silaa t the tce.n And lbilMt.hpp '
ha, w alwj mounted upoa ooote fcvw
mtaaure, which ha would ride (ill diwnSiiaW
by the popular voicf, it wa ihe fault efj
fentior mind hi rharacierlalie failing '
eendort, (eontinoed Mr. Calhoon) in every r"
eithm f have occupied during my ;Wie'
"whaiever may now be aaid ef it, I will trM
ly leave to bo judged of, by poeterlly fs"4
uf tha verdict tiai other timet wiU render.
Ms. Ci.ii, La reply, isaiaiked tbe4.aa