North Carolina Newspapers

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Urban Policy Won’t Meet Needs
By Hoyle H. Martin Sr.
After nearly 14 months of public
promises, numerous delays and hea
ted disputes between White House
aides and HUD Secretary Patricia
Harris - who strongly supported
expanded inner-city housing - Pre
sident Carter unveiled his new urban
policy last week. The two-year pro
ject, billed as a “new partnership’’
involving the federal, state and city
governments and local neighbor
hood groups, is aimed at “making
cities healthier and improving the
lives of the people who live in them.”
Hie $8.3 billion program, if ap
proved by Congress, would include
$2.7 billion in new funds for urban
programs, including $1 billion for
public works programs aimed at
helping the unemployed; creation of
a new national development bank to
provide upwards to $2.2 billion in low
interest loans to firms willing to
return to the inner city; and tax
incentive programs under which
state governments would get extra
funds -fcver $200 million yearly - for
devising new ways to channel more
money to urban areas.
Furthermore, the program offers
$550 million for the economic deve
lopment units of the departments of
Housing and Urban Development
(HUD) and Commerce; $150 million
for neighborhood rehabilitation pro
jects and $150 million for social
services such as day care for child
ren and hot meals programs for the
In summary, the Carter grand
strategy policy design calls for
spending relatively little new mon
ey, getting more help from the state
governments, of which some report
edly have large budget surpluses,
help from private business, and
through better planning of federal
government funds. For example,
increasing the government commit
ment to purchasing more goods and
services from minority-owned busi
ness. The Carter administration
strategy has followed tfrM line in'
order to keep the lid on inflation and
by so doing maintaining the stability
of the dollar in the world market and
maintaining, hopefully, the support
of those opposed to increasingly
bigger government.
President’s Concern
We share the President’s concern
about inflation and we believe it
would be helpful if state govern
ments that have surpluses would
commit themselves to solving their
own problems. We further believe
that a sincere commitment from the
corporate community would go a
long way toward reducing the need
for federal outlays. However, we
don’t think state governments nor
American business will make such
commitments without receiving ve
ry large incentives from the federal
Public reaction to Carter’s policy,
especially among big city mayors,
urban specialists and black leaders
has been negative for two reasons:
too little money and the complex
nature of the needs of different cities
and geographic regions.
“It’s a question of how much
o money. The President must under
stand that this is a great problem,”
said New York City’s deputy mayor
Herman Badillo.
National Urban League’s Vernon
Jordan said, “If indeed the urban
policy commits no massive infusion
. of funds and creative innovation, it
would amount to a declaration of
defeat; an admission that our cities
will be left to die.”
Secondly, Carter’s grand strategy
for a National Urban Policy is
lacking the WALL STREET JOUR
NAL said, “for a simple reason: It is
not possible. America’s cities are
different places with different pro
blems... Trying to devise an urban
strategy to fit these and many other
variations defies the imagination.”
While we recognize that there are
no quick or easy solutions to the
problems that impact upon the
quality of American life, Vernon
Jordan’s comment about “creative
innovation” may be what we need
more of so that variations don’t defy
our imagination.
Urban-Rural Policy
Our point is, we believe the Carter
administration can have a non-infla
tionary urban-rural policy and pro
gram if we eliminate the political
rhetoric and allow government to
mature, if at all possible, beyond
pressure politics.
This would then allow for an
urban-rural policy that would Dut
money where it’s most needed. For
example, policy should be designed
to respond to valid studies that say
poverty in rural areas is usually
more severe than in urban areas
because of the absence of social
welfare programs. In addition, tax
incentive programs for business
follow the “trjckle down” theory
leading td more jobs for the disad
vantaged unemployed. However, too
often business benefits from the tax
reduction but the poor do not get
Policy should be designed to
quickly alter this problem. Further
more, tax incentives to businesses
as well as families and individuals
should be used to encourage a more
evenly spread-out population and to
reduce both urban blight and rural
Finally, policy should be designed
and monitored so that those with the
greatest need get service first, not
those with the greatest political
Thus, a careful designed urban
rural policy designed to meet the
varying needs of different neighbor
hoods, cities and regions would
probably reduce cost, increase effi
ciency, and most important, im
prove the quality of our urban or
rural lifestyle.
n&60D BLESS America^.not JOBLESS
Budget For Jobs Instead Of More Guns
By Rep. John Conyers
Congress is now wonung on
the federal budget for 1979 for
which the President last Feb
ruary recommended $500.2
billion in spending. The budget
affects everyone and every
place in America. But most of
all the people and places that
depend on federal assistance
are: The poor and the elderly
who receive welfare and soc
ial security, youth seeking job
training and employment, the
cities that require federal
funds for housing, social ser
vices, and economic deve
Federal spending affectslo
cal economies. Money spent
on building highways that
circle cities is money lo6t
to mass transit projects
within the cities. The bil
lions spent on weapons, most .
of which are made in
factories in the south, and
west, is money that is not
working to rebuild industries
in northern cities.
Nearly one-quarter of the
budget - $117.8 billion - goes
to national defense. If the
current rate of defense spend
ing continues, in only 10 years
the military budget will have
doubled and over the decade
nearly $2 trillion will have
been spent on weapons and
miltary forces. This stagger
ing amount will not be avail
able for additional job pro
grams, aid to cities, and other
vital social needs.
When we ask ourselves, for
whom and for what the federal
government is spending public
funds - what groups and
activities the budget is helping
and hurting - we are raising
the major questions about
what the budget does.
In the coming year the
President's budget calls for
additional CETA public serv
ice training and employment
positions. It provides under
$14 billion in direct job crea
tion funds, but nearly twice
that amount for the purchase
of new weapons for the
military establishment.
While the defense budget
goes up rapidly, the President
recommends only minimal in
creases or even no increases
at all for major social pro
grams. Is this the best way for
the government to spend its
funds? The answer is, emphat
ically no, and there islrgood
reason why.
The United States already
has in its arsenal some 20,000
tactical and strategic nuclear
warheads, that can destroy
our adversaries many times
over. We really do not need
additional weapons and def
ense spending to provide an
extra margin of security. As a
matter of fact, developing
newer and deadlier weapons
will make us less secure, not
more, since the Soviet Union
will always match us with new
weapons of their own. And
each new round in the arms
race brings the world closer to
nuclear disaster.
We do not need more weap
ons, but we urgently need
more jobs, especially for
blacks of whom 12 percent of
the adults and 40 percent of
the youth are unemployed. If
the federal budget were work
ing for people,' Washington
today would be spending far
more on jobs programs than
on weapons programs.
Unfortunately, the reverse
is true because the budget
does not now reflect decent
national priorities. The sad
truth is that when the Cong
ress votes approval of a bud
get, it does so virtually with
out any consideration as
to whether its policies and
programs will accomplish the
goals that are intended.
I am optimistic, however,
that Congress is beginning to
take the first steps in setting
budget priorities. Thursday,
March 16th was an historic
day in this process. The House
of Representatives approved
the Hawkins-Humphrey Full
Employment Bill(H. R. SO) by
a vote of 257*151. If the Senate
approves it later this spring,
it into
and 4 percent for adults and
teenagers within 5 years.
H.R. SO is the mandate we
have lacked up until now that
requires the government to
make full employment the top
priority. With it in place the
decisions that are made on
federal budget will be focused
on reducing unemployment
and putting the federal budget
to work far people.
Stress Management
COM will sponsor a workshop
an Relaxation and Assertive
ness Training. Participants
will review stress manage
ment procedures and apply
them to becoming more asser
The workship will take place
on Sat., April 8, 10 - to 4:30.
Those wishing more informs
tiwi call 704-623-1026
■—Bv Vernon G. Jordan Jr.ssa^s ■
The Middle Class Revolt
The media are full of 1978’s first trend - the
so-called “middle class revolt.” The middle
class, defined so broadly as to include almost
everyone who’s not either dirt-poor or fabulously j
wealthy, is supposed to be angry.
What about? It seems, according to the
pundits, that the middle class is angry about high
taxes, about supposed advantages given to
minorities, about the high costs of welfare, and
about rising inflation. j
How justified is this anger - if it actually
exists? The answer has to be that the anger is
unjustified. It’s also not new. It’s a reflection of
the same old stories we used to get when Nixtta
was appealing to the “silent majority,” whicn 1
translates into the white middle class and in
1970’s terminology, the “middle class revolt.”
Anger is distinctly unjustified because the
American middle class is the most favored in the
world. The beef about taxes, for example, would
get laughs in other industrial national where
high taxes support large-scale public services
and aid to the poor. In America, by comparison,
taxes are relatively low and the middle class is
the prime beneficiary.
Their taxes have bought quite a bit for the
middle class - subsidized home mortgages,
subsidized suburban roads, subsidized college
education, and even subsidized jobs, since many
are employed in jobs that exist only because of
government acitivities.
mL _ ____it_a it . t • i« i • a ■ «
Aire wiaigca umu UIC 11UUU1C U1A UUTUtMl
swells an already overlarge federal establish
ment is false. The federal share of the gross
national product is only about 22 percent, more
or less where it has been for years and years.
And middle class taxpayers have access to tax
exemptions and deductions not available to low
income people. Interest payments, capital gains,
and other key elements of family budgets and
income statements are either charged against
taxes due or taxed at lower rates than earned
income. If all the loopholes were closed, tax
rates could be Iowa* for everyone. The fact Umt
| an indication that the a&lw^t
. .TuUhaX^^,t>^
breaks minorities are considering to be getting.
What breaks? Here’s another pernicious myth,
enshrined by the phrase “reverse discrimina
Where’s the reverse discrimination when the
dollar gap in earnings between white and black
families is wider than it was a decade ago and is
still growing? Where’s the reverse discrimina
tion when blacks still lag in college entrance,
when black unemployment rates are more than
double those for whites, and when blacks with
higher educational attainments than whites have
higher jobless rates?
Those so-called breaks for minorities don’t
exist - there is no category in which blacks and
other minorities even be-gin to approach the
access to opportunities enjoyed by the white
middle class.
The middle class revolt is also supposed to be
enraged about welfare. How to explain anger at
the minimal welfare benefits allotted to the
victims of this economy, benefits barely
to ensure survival at less than minima
Established 1918
Published Every Thursday
By The Charlotte Post Publishing Co., Inc.
2606-B West Blvd. - Charlotte, N.C. 28206
Telephones (704) 392-1306,392-1307
Circulation, 9,915
Bill Johnson.„... Editor-Publisher
Bernard Reeves—r.General Manager
Hovle H. Martin Sr.Executive Editor
Julius Watson.Circulation Director
Albert Campbell.Advertising Director
Second Class Postage No. 965500 Paid At
Charlotte, N.C. under the Act of March 3,1878
Member National Newspaper Publishers
North Carolina Black Publishers Association
Deadline for all news copy and photos is 5 p.m.
Monday. All photos and copy submitted becomes
the property of the POST, and will not be returned.
National Advertising Representative
Amalgamated Publishers, Inc.
45 W 5th Suite 1403 2400 S. Michigan Ave.
Nest York, N Y. 10036 Chicago, III. 60616
' (212) 480-1220 • Calumet 5-0200
Editorial Comments
By Gerald O. Johnson
Sunday morning as I read
my newspaper, the telephone
rang and I answered. The
caller was Clyde Brown and
he was incensed by the article
I wrote last week about Mr
Spears, the National Vice Pre
sident ot the Alumni Associa
tion of Johnson C. Smith.
Mr. Brown told me that he
was really upset by the article
and that the POST constantly
criticized Johnson C. Smith.
He continued by saying that he
was gathering up a petition to
have people stop subscribing
to the POST. If this wasn't
enough, Mr. Brown said I
pwed Mr. Spears and
Ms Nivens an apology and if I
didn't retract my statements
that he was going to make
things difficult far me on
JCSU's campus
Moreover. Mr. Brown con
tinued, he couldn't understand
how I could work for Johnson
C. Smith and make such accu
sations The one sided conver
satlon went on and on until
finally Mr Brown threatened
a law suit against me
The whole Johnson C Smith
family was completely enrag
ed by my statements. Mr
Brown said
I do not think It is proper to
use an article as a battle
ground for debate Ordinarily,
I would let the issue drop. Bat
because of Mr. Brown's sta
ture in the black community
and by virtue of the fact that
the running of JCSU will affect
the lives of many individuals,
I think it is important that
several points be re-empha
I hasten to say that regard
less of how this article may be
taken, I have the deepest and
utmost respect for Mr Brown
and his accomplishments far
Johnson C. Smith.
It is unfortunate that Ms
Vivian Nivens' name was
brought up in the discussion I
never implied a reason for the
malfunctioning of the PR de
partment. How anybody as
sumed that I said Ms. Nivens
is incompetent in the position
of PR director is beyond me.
The article did say that the PR
was not a functional unit on
JCSU * campus. This appears
obvious The fact that few
knew about the recent golf
tournament sponsored by
JCSU Few people know about
the tennis team activities cur
rently taking place Very few
know about the six students
annually chosen to participate
in the Prudential Insurance
Scholarship Program
The list of good things about
JCSU that seldom reaches the
public is sailaas. This is evi
dence enough that tha PB de
partment Is note fuctionaj
unit. However, the reason is
not Ms. Nivens. Ms. Nivem
wss placed la a position where
no directives, structure, or
mode of operations existed.
Unless ahe had prior ex
perience in setting tg> a func
tional PR department, no one
could expect her to perform
miracles Moreover, the scho
ol has not committed itself to a
functional PR department
This is to say that once the
school found out how it should
function, guidelines could be
set up to steer a director of the
department in some direction
Ms. Nivens can not be held
responsible for the failure of a
department that has no struc
ture for succeeding. So, Mr.
Brown, I didn't imply Ms.
Nivens is Incompetent. The
problem can not be placed on
workers, but Instead it must
be placed on the shoulders of
those individuals who should
be telling Ms. Nivens what to
It is true that the POST
crltidises JCSU. The critici
sms are not intended to knock
anyone off their proclaimed
pedestals, but Instead to get
these individuals off their as
sets so that they can stop
being liabilities to the com
munity to students which the)
should serve.
the problems, as l see it,
exist at Smith because too
many people art soaking In
the status of their position
rather than sweating because
of the responsibility of their
positions As long as this
exists then it is this newspa
per's responsibility to critici
ze. regardless of whose feel
ings we hurt or whose pride we
We do this for one reason
We love JCSU and we realize
it* potentials. But potentials
are only realized by people
with enough foresight to snot
weaknesses ana 10 mane oeci
sions to turn such weaknesses
into strength*.
If such criticism is unwar
ranted we welcome the chal
lenge of other viewpoints be
ing presented. If such criti
cism can be proven false then
we will retract any statements
made, with a apology
However, any enragements
baaed on fear of the gruth, or
clandestine actions being
brought to light, are not our
This paper la not a farce. We
stand for integrity end truth.
It does not take a genius to
realise that the Institution hat
problems. To ignore this is
imbedlic. We are attemptix*
to eee that the problems do not
gei ignored.
The energy being wasted
getting enraged could better
be spent working for the
I suggest Mr Brown should
talk to the people on the
campus and find out what is
going on If he thinks the PR is
what it should be then I
further suggest he talk to the
people in the athletic depart
ment. I challenge him to gp to
other departments and find
guidelines on how that depart
ment is to run. I strongly
believe that he will find de
partments that are geared to
the individual running in
stead of to some preset g ide
lines set up by the Institi ion
There is no organiiat >nal
structure of the institi ion
The seriousness of th i is
evident when new indivi uals
fill positions on campus, hey
have no Indication as to' /hat
their Job responsibilities are.
Consequently, Mr. Bi »wn
should be enraged, but n * at
HataOffToACouncilm n
It Is a rare occasion wt ;n a
political figure merits pr lise.
After spending so much ime
and effort campaigning fc the
office they usually spent the
time in office resting.
Such is not the case will the
3rd district represents ive.
Ron Lsopsr. Mr Leepi r is
working Just as hard whi t in
office as he did campait »ing
for the office. His hmovi live
ideas in using the public o fice
to help people is both insp ring
and necessary. His cosnn uni
ty involvement is an effo t to
rsorasentthe people that Ire
ted him the way it is supgksed
to be done.
I am taking the liberty of
■peaking on behalf of ail of us
at. the Charlotte POST in
saying. “Mr. Leeper. we ap
plaud your devufion to the
responsibility of public of

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