THE DAILY CITIZEN.
The CmxsN Is the most extensively circu
lated and widely read newspaper in Western
Its riiiuMisirinti nf nnhlle mm anil memmrM
is in the interest of public tntetrritT. honest
KOvemment, and prosperous industry, and it
knows no uersonai alleeiancein treatineoub-
The Citizen publishes the dispatches of the
Associated Press, which now covers the
whole world in its scope. It has other facili
ties of advanced journalism for gathering
news from all quarters, with every thing care
ully edited to occupy the smallest space.
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SATURDAY. SEPT. 28, 1889.
THE CHANGE OK THE LEAF.
The time is eomi iif; when the green of
the lenf, beautiful, cheering and restful to
the eye, will give way to the dazzling,
variegated brilliancy of the fall, when the
frost king will move about in the stillness
of the night, and deftly lay his colors on
the lumlscape, until each mountain side
shall le hung with curtains more gor
geous than the famous (Jolx-lin tapestry
and each valley spread with carets
gayer and richer than the looms of Tur
key or of Persia can produce. The nim
ble fingers of the chilly painter shall so
slowly and silently wield his brush that
its progress cannot lie noted ; yet it
grows, and each morning unfolds a
brighter or a deecr glow, a richer or
more splendid blending or contrast ol
colors, until, some keen frosty morning,
the canvass receives its finishing touches,
and the landscajie stands revealed in a
gorgeousncss the eye can scarcely com
prehend as earthly, and tongue and pen
alike want word or thought to even
faintly delineate. Nature has crowned
her work of the vear. With the resurrec
tion of the spring she clothed the new
bom season with the tender living green.
and decked it with the lieauties of the
flowers, and gave the added wealth ol
rich anil luscious fruits, and made the
summer, the grown maternal summer, the
vigorous sister of the spring. Then came
the chilling autumn and approaching
death of the seasons of life and growth
and over the fading and the living forms
nature throws her gorgeous mantle
as token that death is not to lie enrobed
with gloom, that its features shall not
be all repulsive, and that the change in
fact is splendid transition from one form
of lieing to another. The autumn dying
splendors are onlv prelude to the rest ol
nature in the grave of winter, to wake
again at the glad voice ot spring, clad in
new raiment, renewed and recreated.
The changes in the autumn leal going
on liefore the eye we rather wish to
ascrilw to some subtle, mysterious and
kindly work of nature, in sportive or in
serious mood to show the scope and di
versity of her powers, or illustrate an
other phase of creative wisdom and ol
power. Hut science comes in to give its
cold and heartless explanation. It is but
the ieration of blind inflexible chemical
law. Chemistry is a wonderful necro
mancer, but it is also a remorseless dis
enchanter; and its analysis informs our
reason that the process of the change in
color is only oledience to certain very
simple laws. It is this: The green mat
ter in the leaf is composed of two colors, I
red anil blur. When the sap ceases to
flow, oxidization ot' the tissues takes
place, and under dillercnt conditions, the
green ch.'inges to red. or yellow, or pur
ple, or brown, the changes influenced by
tcmerature, drought or moisture, or
soil. This is scientifically simple, and
the henutiful phenomenon, in the eye ot
science, stands stripH.'d of all its won
ders. Vet, in fact, it stands a wonder
still; tor lchind the cold exactness ol
scientific analysis, remains the fact that
it is the work of the (irent First Cause,
who designed all these subtle agencies to
do His will. Man may analyze the
agencies. He can no farther, nor can he
set aside the fact that all comes out of
deep design, in which profoundest wis
dom is blended with benevolent consider
ation that man may find his present
home a place of cheer and pleasure, and
through its beauties catch a glimpse of
the tar surpassing splendors of his future
dwelling. And so we will continue to
look on autumn glories, not through the
eyes of science, but through those of
heartfelt pleasure and of hopeful faith.
To meet next month in Washington
City, has some features of unusual inter
est attached to it, apart from the mate
rial objects which call it together. The
States to be represented are those which
were once under foreign dominion, which,
like the I'uited States, threw off the do
minion of the mother countries, and
which also, like the Tinted States,
adopted Republican forms of govern
ment, with one exception. That excep
tion was Brazil. That country had lieen
a Portuguese colony, and when the Bra
ganza family was expelled from Portu
gal, it found a refuge in Brazil, setting up
the royal standard there. Eventually,
and very quietly, Brazil was detached
from Portugal, and became an empire in
its own right with a recognized heredi
tary dynasty, and making steady and
creditable progress as one of the great
powers ot the South American Continent.
The other States of South America, and
also Central America and Mexizo, were
under Spanish rule. In each one revolu
tion was resorted to, and independence
achieved after long and arduous strug
gle. The people of the United States
naturally took great interest in a con
flict which had so many features in com
njon with their own revolutionary expe
rience, and in fact rendered great mate
rial aid in men and munitions of war.
1 he government was bound to neutral
ity. It contented itself with very prompt
recognition of the new governments
whose independence was achieved. Those
governments were modeled after that of
the United States, bnt can hardly be con
sidered as happy adaptations to condi
tions so different, and to people with so
little training in the principles and prac
tices of self-government. Amid the revo- f
lutions and chronic wars which have af
flicted each one of these republics from
their birth down almost to the present
day. the United States has had little
reason to felicitate itself upon the adop
tion of its system by those who applied
it so awkwardly. In fact republicanism
was brought into disrepute with the
world, and with the advocates of mon
archy disbelievers in man's ability to
govern himself, only redeemed by the
solitary successful example given by the
(If late years things in those republics
have lieen going on more smoothly
They seemed to have become tired of in
ternal fighting. Larger intercourse with
other nations has impressed upon them
the good policy ofieaccaml stable gov
ernment ; for these things promote com
mere, and commerce brings wealth; anil
the Spanish race loves money with the
intensity that iniiclled Pizarroand Cor-
tez and their followers to the conquest ol
those verv countries now occupied by
their republican descendants or successors.
The feeling of these republics towards
the United Slates is very friendly, with
the exception iierliaps of Chili, which
sometimes erects her bristles under the
impression that she finds in the United
States a very ambitious rival. We hopi
even to smoothe down the back of Chili.
ind coax out a friendly purr when all the
American States of both continents shall
meet together in Washington City to
discuss anil arrange family matters, ll
is a family affair; for iKtween us all and
Euroic, there rolls the vast ocean, and
Euroie is at all tunes on the verge ot uni
versal war. To us on this side remains
lieaee. We have interests enough, nia
lenal enough and territory enough to
constitute a world of our own; anil
while the nations are cutting each others
throats, we Americans, North ami South.
,:an mutuully strengthen each other, anil
row rich and powerful in mutual Iriend
ship and commerce, while dcsol.-ition
shall lay its blight upon the other side ot
"There is said to he a strong movement
in Arkansas to secure the passage ol an
Act requiring tile railroads to provide
separate coaches lor colored passengers.
The colored passengers wil! probably not
object if the separate coaches arc as coni
ibrlableas the coachcsirovi(lcii forwliitc
passengers. It is mamtestlv untair and
dishonest, however, tor the railroads to
make a colored passenger ny first class
tare lor second class accommodations.
After the colored passengers have been
provided with separate coaches, it is to
ie hoped that the railroads will be re
piired to provide separate coaches lot
white passengers who persist in drinking
whiskey out ol the cup provided lor all
the passengers, and in deluging the floor
ot the ear with the contents of their to-liaceo-ladcn
Wc clip the above from the Charleston
News and Courier with approval of the
idea. In railroad excrieiicc in this State
and elsew here in the South wc believe,
with the exception of (Veorgia where they
use whiit are derisively styled "Jim Crow
ears," there is a manifest inconsistency in
the otVensive practice of opening first
class coaches to all coiners and to all passengers-
who have paid first class fair in
contrast with the resistance made to
practical social equality elsewhere.
In the theatres. the hotels, the
churches and other public places.
there is rigid distinction of races
and colors. Only in the passenger cars
lo we find white and black sandwiched
together. There only is money the ocu
sesame to perfect social equality, (liter
times no unpleasantness results; often
times it does, lor the ability to pay first
class fare does not imply the ability to
buy good manners or quiet deportment
in conveyances designed and provided to
secure the self resieet of the cultivated
and the refined.
Hut those who might Ik- offensive, lie
cause insli nmcuts to this glaring incon
sistency, are entitled to the worth of their
money. It they pay first class fare they
arc entitled to the first classcoacbcs. To
exclude them from these, to thrust them
into smoking cars, or into shabby "Jim
Crows" is a breach of contract, a viola
tion of good faith, needless etlront and
good cause of the complaint so often
made, and so aptly applied as a political
weapon. In this State there isno ground
of such complaint. Wc arc all liable to
lie mixed up hodge podge as we travel.
It is not pleasant, it is not consistent.
Rut if the evil lie remedied, no not sacri
fice justice. Let the colored traveler
have his accommodation
cd to the class of his ticket.
Is now overflowing with tin
largest and prettiest stock of
Drv !oods ever broimlit to
lenriettns. ( 'ash meres, Mo
hair Cloth, .luhilee Cloth.
Turner (ioods, Velvets,
Worsted. Eiderdown in all
colors. Renfrew Dress (!inj--
NOTIONS ! NOTIONS !
All sorts of Notions, includ
ing Yankee Notions, and
some of the prettiest Notions
yon ever Noted.
Some of the most Fascina
ting Never-Fail Fascinators
that ever Fascinated.
Hoods, Tobojians, and
Shawls in endless variety. .
The prettiest line of Flan
nels yon ever saw.
Iilankets. (guilts and Coun
terpanes. leans and ( 'assinieres.
(ienls' Furnishing (loods
in abundance. We can tit you
up in a nice Suit or Hat, in
any style you want .
We are Sole ApMits for the
celebrated Morrow Shoes for
To arrive in a day or two
a full line of Ladies" latest
styles Walking Jackets.
1200 prs. Ladies' and .Misses'
Shoes, made by Zieji'ler Hros.,
Philadelphia, which we will
close out at net cost.
In our Store you will timl
the maximum of what you
want and the minimum what
you don't want.
BOSTIC I5UOS. tv Wit It! I IT.
No. 1 1 N. Court Sijuare.
BOOKS AND STATIONERY,
AKTISTM' M ATI.KIAI.H.I
KMIIMIICKS' SI I'l'l.ll-S,
riCTlKI-S A Nil l-KAMI'.S,
i-'ascv i a ii 1 1 is.
hi.ank hooks, kvi:ryi;haiik,
imi.i.s, tovs ami ;ami-:s.
W KHTKRN SJ.C". HCENEH,
We have just returned from
New York, and our goods
have commenced to arrive.
IJeef Wine and Iron! Fer
rated Wine of Wild Cherry,
Cod Liver Oil with Hypo
phosphites and Pure Pepsin.
Flixir Valerianate of Ammo
nia, tasteless! astoruu ami
Calisaya Tonic, prepared in
our own laboratory ' by an
experienced Pharmacist. T.
C. Smith cv Co.. Dispensing
GHAS. D. BLANTON & GO.
MEN'S AND HOYS'
The handsomest lineof Hand-
Wheat at T.
C. Smith ..vCo.'s
kerchiefs ever in Ashevilleare
now to be seen in our window
Oriental Dentifrice. for
lea using deleterious deposits
from the Teeth, and neat rnl
izing acid secretions of the
Month price 2o cents, at
T.C. Smith tx Co's Drugstore.
Our aim is to (ill a long felt want in the city of Asheviifc.
and we will open about September 1, with the most com
plete line of Clothing Tor Men and lioys ever shown in this
Our Mr. ( HAS. I5LANTON goes to Northern and East
ern markets with the ready cash which insures to the new
and the prices, we know,
Attention experts in smok
ing! T. C. Smith & Co. have
ha ve never been eipialed. A
another lot of "Five
ens" just in the tines!
Cent Cigar in Aslieville.
ban hand made..
big lot of Pants are also
We have bought largely
All medicines carefully com
pounded at T, C. Smith &
Co.'s Drug Store. Prescrip
tions prepared with scrupu
lous care by experienced and
lines, and shall be prepar
ed to offer some bargains
which we have never before
i matched. Don't buv ANY
llr. Parker Trays cream Van-Ola, Kosa
line, ( higaline and Diamond nail porvder
having now become the Indies' favorites,
.it F. I.Jacob's drug store, these popular
manicure articles may always lie found.
together with pocket emery board, or
ange wood sticks, nail scissors, files and
other such requisites. Also a complete
line of drugs and toilet articles, in addi
tion to the Hele Soda Fountain from
which ice cold drinks are disx-nsed. Cor
ner Main street and I'atton avenue.
A man who cannot distinguish 1k--tween
right and wrong, cannot dis
tinguish himself, unless he mistakes
notoriety for distinction. Arc we suffici
ently distinct ?
The I.adleH Delighted
The pleasant effect and the ljerfect sa let v
with which ladies may use the liquid fruit
laxative, Syrup of Figs, under all condi
tions make it their favorite remedy. It
is pleasing to the eye and to the taste,
gentle, yet effectual in acting on the kid
neys, liver and bowels.
300, or a Cure.
For many years the manufacturers of
lr. iKige s Catarrh Remedy, who are
thoroughly responsible financially, as
any one can easily ascertain by enquiry,
have offered, through nearly every news
paper in the land, a standing reward of
$500 for a case of chronic nasal catarrh,
no matter how bad, or of how long
standing, which they cannot cure. The
Remedy is mild, soothing, cleansing An
tiseptic, and healing. Sold by nil drug
gists, at 50 cents.
The Washington Memorial Arch Fund
of New York was increased bv uuwards
of thirty cents this week. Our generous
millionaires have doubtless been con
Now is the proper season for fall over
coats and underwear. The best stock of
th at Whitlock's.
23 S. Main Street.
m ki: som i-xii.wci-s
I U K HISINl-SS,
' 5 ? .
rillNti 11111 il you visit the
'Kncket. Store." Don't buv
j School Shoes, Hats, orCloth-
Ol K ST( CK OF
Sll. KR-1'I.ATKH WARIv.
k.MVF.S, FORKS, SPOONS.
PICK 1. F.S, F.TC.
ARTHUR 31. FIELD,
THE GREATEST ATTRACTION--
Is that fine lut of ENGLISH BRIDI.KS and
THKBH-IKIKN CHAMOIS SBAT SAIMll.HS
J. M. ALEXANDER'S
Anil the low price at which he is ncllinfc all
goods in his line.
He has increased his force and intends to
meet the demand.
iiiK for the little (iirls and
Hoys until you Jjirieo ours.
Honie-iuade! T. C. Smith
c Co., are (icncrnl Agents for
all Tobacco and Citrars made
in Aslieville, especially Por
ter's Warrantee Cijrnrs and
Hull's Fine Tobaccos.
J. V. SCIIARTLE,
42 N. Main St.
fchaod 1 v
FAMILY GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
Ajfrnt for Kms Creek Woolen Mill.
North .lnin - AtOievillc, N C.
THE ASHEYILLE BRICK WORKS,
Ashevllle, N. C.
p. o. Box 1.
A NEW ENTKRPRISK.
The llnnd Laundry will oK-n on Monday,
nt the foot of Mr. WiNon'x hill, under the
management of G. W. HtKKin.
All work done neatly by hand.
Mr. Jas. Carter ArrinKton, of RiiiK
wood. N. C, was cured by Mrs. Joe
Person's Kemedy, of a sore on his face,
which had been troubling him for Years.
In size and appearance it resembled a
strawberry, and was perfectly raw.
For full particulars of his case send for
namphlet, to Mrs. Joe Person, Kittrell,
'Money saved is money
The Best are
Farrell & Co.,
CENERALCONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Monaic Tile and Cement work aiievialty.
Grate. Range and Boiler net.
Building moved and repaired In first clan
Sewerage, lhatnagc and trap for the nme
thoroughly understood and promptly at
Office: Wolfe Building.Court HouneSquare,
Asheville, N. C. maySOdly
f FlNANCIAl $UCCEr
THE YOUTHS', BOYS' AND CHILDREN'S
receive our snecia attention iiml i fl.iu .. :r ...,rr
" ' .... ..I.- ... Hill I
tliMHMM-ml nttci.tinu of Mothers, Sisters mul Aunts.
A large eleven room Brick House, together
with kitchen and servants' house and arond
barn. Lot contains 3i acrr. Sewerageand
good bath room. Completely furnish d in
every part. Likewise, a good Piano, if
needed. Apply to
OUR GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING GOODS
Will lie replete with all the Novelties of the season in the
way of Neckwear.
OUR HAT DEPARTMENT '
Will receive due addition, and in it can he found from tin
conventional Hih lint down to the Soft Knock-nhouL
We have already placed our order for a line of
MEN'S FINE SHOES
With one of the most popular makers.
Our mode of business shall he KTiyiTLY ONE i'ltlCK,
and all -oodH warrants as represents! or money refunded.
Our oiieniiifv will be announced in due time.
CHAS. D. BLANTON & CO.,
One Price Clothiers,
an3 dtf NATT ATKINSON ft SON.
Asheville. N C,