THE DAILY CITIZEN
For Rent, and Lost Notices, three
lines or less, 25 Cents for
THE DAILY CITIZEN
Delivered to Visitors In any part of
Two Weeki, or leas 25c.
ASHEVILLE, N. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER i, 1889.
A SICK PRISONER.
BITT THE CRONIN CAME UOES
ON ALL THE SAME.
man was concealed in the hall during the
most of its meetings and took notes of
The Furniture Was For Tempo
rary VHe-Wat Asked to Slug
Cronln, But He Was a Three.
Chicaco. Octolier 31. Judge McCon
neH's court, in which the Crunin trial is
in progress, was called to order nearly
half an hour later than usual this morn
ing. John Kunze, one of the prisoners,
was feeling badly yesterday afternoon,
and the trial was" adjourned a little ear
lier than usual on that account. He was
not so well this morning, and reclined in
the court room with his head on a pil
low. His trouble is pleurisy, but it is
not believed that it will result seriously.
Patrick McGarry, who occupied the
chair at the time of the adjournment Inst
night, was still a witness.
Dnnahoc. of counsel for the defense.
moved to strike out all of that purt of
VMinrrv'a evidence civen yesterday in
which McGarry describes his visit to the
house of defendant 0 Sullivan alter t-ro-niii's
murder, and at which time he ques
tioned O'Sullivan closely about his con
tract with Cronin. A long argument
followed. It was finally decided to post
none thedecision on the point till the niter-
noon in order to allow the counsel time
to nresent authorities,
Tending that, the cross examination of
McGarry was also postponed, and Geo.
Woillv. hnrkeencr was called to the wit
ness chair. He testified that in the latter
part of March O'Sullivan nnd others
were ill a saloon and were talking poll
tics, when Coughlin said that a certain
nni-thsirle Catholic was talking too
much, and that if he did not keep his
mouth shut, he would get the worst
lames Oninn wan the next witness, and
was questioned about the same matter
as the witness who preceded mm. It dc
vcloped nothing new.
Then the State's attorney sought to m
troduce the correspondence ttwcen
h..t,t .-ind Sixllman. roster, attorney
for Beggs, said he was ready to admit
that Beirirs ever wrote, but
tli.-it he could sav nothing about the let
te a written to anvoiie else. So the mat
ter went over, pending the appearance of
w P Hatfield, salesman tor Revel &
Co., was called, and told of the selling to
man callimr himself 1. B Simonds a
bill of furniture, which was taken to a
flat at 117 Clark street, anil was suose
niientlv conveyed to the Carlston cot-
nm. thrirrne of the murder
The onlv new point developed was the
fact Simonds said that the furniture was
"for trmnorarv use,
After Hatfield identified the furniture
sold to Simonds, that was subscqueimy
seen bv him in the Carlston cottage, the
trunk in which Cronin's body was car--or1
nwnv WHS brought into court. Hat
field, alter examining it, testified that it
was identical with one sold to Simonds.
On cross examination, he said that he
could not swear that it was the identical
.tmnk hrniuse the firm keut such on
hand always, and perhaps other dealers
did also. It came oui mm run cm, u
..n..l fnr the defense, had bought sue
a trunk from witness. It could not be
sworn to positively that the furniture in
the Carlston cottage was the same furni
ture sold to Simonds. It was precisely
liki. it however. A recess was then
When the court resumed its session, the
,rv whs excluded, and tne mailer o
striking out witness McGarry's evidence
o ivhnt was said during his visit to
(I'Knllivnn'R house on the Sunday follow
:.,. thr murder was tuken up. Thecourt
finally decided to exclude all of the talk
in regard to tne lormer ouain u ,
Cronin. This was not satisfactory to
i, Hffnttp- and another flow of elo
uuence was the result. Finally, the cross
...nrnin.ntion of McGarry was resumed.
John W. Sampson, generally known as
"Major" Sampson, was next ennea, ami
tctihed that aooui iwu join
Coughlin tried to hire him to "slug" Dr
Cromu The witness, on cross examina-
admitted that Coughhn Had
jested him three or four times once for
niilu-rv : that he had been convicted lor
pmmterleit muiiev : that hew
..'..mhler bv urofession, but denied that
i.. followed Blaine through Miclngi
when he was making speeches there last
fll or Governor Hill or Senator Hiiir-
for t hr nuruose of picking pockets,
He said he went to some of these places
for the purpose ol securing spoiling privi
leges. He naively expiainco uiui c w,
playing "deshells," wnichisa variation
i.,u.,t ; known as three card monte.
u-niinm I.vnii. who was with Sampson
when he met Coughlin, and was asked to
"slug" Cronin, testified to the fact that
two men had a conversation, the purport
of which he did not hear.
Joseph C. O'Keefe, Ur. Cronin's tailor,
said that he attended a meeting of Camp
20, on September 20, 1K8. Alter the
meeting he had a conversation with the
defendant Beggs about Dr. Cronin, and
Alexander Sullivan. Said the witness: We
were speaking first in reference to the
union of the two rival tactions of the or
der, and John F. Beggs said he did not
have much confidence in the new execu
tive that was elected ; then the trial com
mittee come under discussion, and he said
that Cronin was not a proper man to
....t on the trial committee to
A RELIGIOUS RIOT.
METHODISTS AND CATHOLICS
KlfiHT IKi KANSAS.
Business In the Grain Center Dur-
Ing Yesterday's Session.
Chicaoo, Octolier 31. There was a
fair trade in wheat. There were no new
features presented and oierators did not
mnnitest any special desire to enter into
extensive operations either on one side
or the other. The market opened about
the same as it closed yesterdav, then
eased off about Vac., improved some, rul
ing quite strong and advanced 7Aalc.
and closed steady, and about -lie. higher
for December and He. higher for May
than yesterday. European advices were
indicative of "a trille steadier feeling.
iome export inquiry existed nnd New
ork reoortcd three boat loans taken
and a freight room engaged for six loads
to go to Olusgow. 1 he receipts in the
north-west continue large. Cloudy
eathcr was reported pretty much all
over the country nnd rain in some sec
tions. Detroit wired that the deliveries
I wheat in the winter wheat belt were
very light. There was no decided action
i market until very late in tne session,
hen prices were advanced to the out
Lorn Another clnv ot activity was
witnessed in this market, with the feeling
generally quite strong, though at times
little unsettled. A still tui thcraiivance
was recorded on near futures, though ex
treme prices were not maintained. The
influences on the market were much the
same as vesterdav, namely, small receipts,
ictivc shipping demand and the unsettled
weather, which had a tendency to make
shorts on near deliveries nervous. The
market eqiciied a shade higher than yes
terday's closing quotations, was firm,
ind advanced '2C, the shippers making
liberal purchases of November, as also a
prominent local trader. A reaction fol
lowed the early advance, due to the free
selling of Mav bv several large local op
erators, and prices declined Vac., recov
ered the decline, cased oil' some and closed
a shade higher than yesterday.
Oats An active business was trans
acted and a higher range ol" prices re
corded, but outside figures were not
maintained. The feeling most ot the ses
sion was firm, due to the continUcd wet
and cloudy weather, and a sharp decline
n arrivals. Offerings were tree at an ad
vance ol He. over yesterday s closing
prices for May, and caused a recession ol
sc., but later the market again became
inner and prices rallied 'e.
In mess pork rather more life was man
ifested, nnd speculative trading was
quite active, though almost exclusively
in November and January deliveries.
Free offerings early encouraged little
buying trom short interest, and prices
were advanced to outside figures. At
improvement there was some desire to
realize, which caused a decidedly weaker
feeling, cs)iecially for January delivery,
and prices receded again. The trading
in October delivery was moderate. Buy
ing was credited to long interest, prices
ruling 30afl0c. higher early anil then de
clining 75aKOc, closing weak.
The lard market attracted very little
attention nnd trading was compara
tivelv lisrht. Prices ruled ViaSc. lower
on deferred deliveries, while Octolierrnled
strong at 75a80c. advance.
In short rib sides onlv a limited trade
was reported. Octolier deliveries ruled
steady, while November and January
deliveries were easier.
A Methodist preacher Abunes the
Catholics and He Is Called a Liar
and Then Thrown Out of His
Church Soldiers Called.
Toi'KKA, Kan., October 31. Adjutant
General Roberts received a telegram to
day notifving him of a riot at Axtell, in
Marshall' county. The telegram was
from the mayor of the city, and asked
that a detachment of militia be sent at
once to the disturbance. The Adjutant
General at once ordered out Company G,
Third regiment, located at Mnrysvillc,
and left on the first train for the scene ol
trouble. As yet only meagre particulars
have been received.
Axtell is a town of about 700 people,
settled lamely bv Catholics. On Wednes
day a Methodist-minister named Johnson,
from the eastern part of the State, ar
rived at Axtell to hold revival meetings.
He had quite a large congregation in the
Methodist church, and in the uudience
-were a number of Catholics. Soon after
the beL'innincr of his remarks the minis
ter began an attack upon the Catholic
church. He became so abusive that one
of the Catholics present called him a liar.
He continued his remarks until tne cath
olics could stand it no longer. Four of
them rushed to the pulpit, and taking
the preacher by the collar threw him
down. In a moment the pulpit was sur
rounded by an angry mob, and a general
row ensued. Although the Catholics
were in the minority, they were too much
for the Methodists, and succeeded in
throwing the preacher and two others
out of the house. The whole town was
soon aroused. Four Catholics were ar
rested and put in the city prison. This
so enraged the Catholic population that
thev organized this morning to assist
their imprisoned associates. The town
of St. Bridge, a few miles distant, is set
tled entirely bv Catholics, and it is re
ported tnat the wnoie town is organizing
to go to the rescue of the Axtell Catho
lics. The mavor says he is powerless to
control the mob, and fears a conflict be
tween the two elements.
The Adjutant General will not reach
the city until U o clock this evening.
IT WAS PAHUV TRUE.
CASHIER GOME ASTRAY.
try Alexander Sullivan. I said, Cronin
did not have as unsavory a record
as James Rogers, of Brooklyn, an
other one of the trial committee.
John F. Beggs then told me thnt Cronin
had admitted Coughlin as a member ot
Camp 96 without formal initiation and
had furnished him with the passwords.
I told him 1 did not believe it. I told him
that Cronin was too sincere a patriot to
do anything of that kind. 1 told him
furthermore that I would ask Cronin in
reference to it and give authority, and
then he said Cronin was not a fit man to
lujonAT tn Irish societies.
.,v..... . .. 1 !.
On cross examination n w .ji ,....
out that Beggs objected to Cronin being
on the committee to try the triangle be
cause he was an enemy of Alexander Sul-
U Cornelius Flynn, who was with Beggs
and O'Keefe when they had the above
mentioned conversation, corroborated
O'Keefe's testimony. .
Edward G. Throckmorton, clerk in a
real estate office, testified to the renting
of rooms at No. 117 Clark street to J.
A Pennsylvania Bank Closes Its
Nohristown, I'a., Octolier 31. The
following notice was posted on the door
of the Tradesmen's National bank, of
Conshohoeken, Pa., this morning.
To whom it may concern : "This bank
is closed in consequence of the defalca
tion of the cashier. The depositors will
suffer no loss."
(Signed:! John A. Riohtkr,
J. A. WOOD LlKKNS,
Gkorok W. Wood,
The cashier referred to is William Henry
Cresson. I'nited States bank examiner
Robert E. amcs, who made the discovery
of the defalcation, savs the amount is
not less tluin $50,000, and may ex
ceed $75,000. The directors were in
formerl of the defalcation yesterday.
Cresson was charged, and he questioned
the correctness ol Examiner James' fig
ures. Cresson has disappeared. His
securities are said to be responsible men.
The defalcation was in cash. There is no
exnlnnation vet known for Cresson 's con
duct. Cresson has lived in Conshohoeken
six or seven years. He was formerly
clerk for a leading insurance company at
Philadclnhia. He had made himself
name has become identified with several
of its leading enterprises. He was presi
dent of t he Conshohoeken gas company,
and vice-president and treasurer of the
electric light company. He was a lead
ing vestryman of Calvary Episcopal
church, mid he took a prominent part a
month ago in the dedication of the new
$50,000 church, to the building fund of
which he had contributed handsomely.
He was regarded as a leader in society.
He was a son-in-law of John Wood, sr.,
nresident of the bank; a wealthy retired
iron manufacturer, whose family holds a
controlling interest in the stock.
The Story of the Lost Steamship
Nkw York, October 31. The steamer
Rio Grande, of the Mullory line, arrived
this morning from Galveston, bringing
evidence that the story ot a stowaway
from the old steamship Brooklyn told the
other riav was in Dart true.
The Rio Grande passed in latitude
3S'50. loniritude 74'2ti the deck of a
steamship with dock houses painted
white. The masts were gone; the bul
wnrks in nlaces were broken down, nnd
the whole surrounded by barrels, casks
and lumber. On the day previous, Tues
day, the Rio Grande had passed through
considerable wreckage. Fortwenty-four
hours the sea was seen to to be covered
with casks nnd barrels. One boat was
seen with the side broken in, but no
name nor Burns of life were visible. The
deck seen by the steamship on the fol
lowing dav was recognized by the see
ond mate, who was well acquainted with
the hues ol the old ship as mat ol the
The 'Rio Grande passed within 100
yards of the wreck. The windows and
sicks of the deck houses were battered in
and all indications pointed to a disas
trous encounter with a storm. The
wreck is directly in the course of the
coast steamship, and is a very dangerous
A LARGE TRANSACTION.
THE COAL FAMINE.
MAJOR FINGER'S LETTER.
The Government Rates With the
Western tnlon Fixed.
Washington, October 31. The Presi
dent has nppointed Wm. H. Sheppatd, of
Florida, to be collector of customs for the
district of Apalaehicola, Fla.
An order of Postmaster-General Wan
amaker dated yesterday was promul
gated to-dav, fixing the rate for gov
ernment telegraph service during the cur
rent fiscul year. The basis for day ser
vice is ten cents for ten words and half a
cent for each additional word for distan
ces under iki nines, wun u smmig core
A 875COOO Real Estate Transfer
Chattanooga. Tenn., October 31.,
large real estate transaction was closed
to-day by the transfer ot 2,000 acres
adjoining the eastern corporation limits
ot this city to a company oi niamuuci.
urers and bankers of Boston and Lynn
Mass.. for $750,000. The company ti:
also purchased 1,500 acres of ore landi
near the cilv. The property was pui
chased for immediate improvements on
.in extensive nl.int. Two shoe lactone
tannery, two furnaces, tool works and
oi her nlants are to be at once erected
Five years ago the property could hav
been purchased for one-tenth its present
value. The laud purchased expends along
the Tennessee river tor hvemilesauu iron,
i he river to Missionary Ridge. The Cin
cinnati Southern, East Tennessee and
Western and Atlantic roads run through
Steps nclnit Taken to Complete
an Vnflnlshed Monument
FiiEin-RicKsmRG. Va., October 31.-
The city council last night took final ac
tion on the communication rccennv if
ecived from "Old South Church," of Bos
ton, asking contributions from Freder
icksburg to complete the unfinished mon
ument to Mary Washington. Resolu
tions were passed tendering the thanks
of the city to "Old South Church"
Monument Association in Boston for
the movement recently inaugurated for
the completion of the monument, and
nsking the society to co-operate with the
ladies of this city who are making efforts
Inihranme direction, and who will be
glad to hear from their patriotic friends
in Boston. .
The Mary Washington Memorial As
sociation ot this city has elected officers
and will anolv for a charter when the
legislature meets early in December.
West Side Park Races.
Nashville, Octolier 31. First race
three year olds six furlongs: Fan King
won, Irish Dan second. Miss Clay third.
Time 1.19. .
tu.i.ot.n1 rtr two venr olds six fur
longs: Milton won, Workmate second,
Lena Bon third, lime i,iV4.
Third mce six vear olds seven fur
longs: Renounce won, Billy Pinkcrton
second, Amos A. third. Time 1.31 Vj.
Fourth race one mile: Kate niaionc
he Richmond and Danville Do.
Imc Its Duty In the Matter.
Editor Citizen : The last paragraph in
our local on "The Coal Famine." ot yes
terday, says: "We hops the authorities
f our road will interest themselves to
iscertain if something cannot be done.
nd that sueedtlv. and yourcorrespond-
nt is verv sure that our Richmond and
Danville Railroad Company is doing all
can. In tact, time and again, to our
personal knowledge, the courteous offl-
uilsot this company nave loaned tneir
own coal to the electric, gas and street
lilway companies, and, even at this mo
ment, the same kindness is iieing ex
tended even at risk of 'inconvenience to
the lenders themselves.
The coal famine, which has caused so
much inconvenience, and still threatens
more serious conscqu' nees, is by no
means attributable to tne Richmond and
Danville, but, as we believe, to nnex-
nected rush of business on the h. T., V.
& Ga. railroad, which this company has
not been able to handle promptly, partly
on account of deficient equipment, and
partly because the demand trom various
reasons is lamer than ever before. One
cause for this state of things may lie ob-
viuted in future it our people will take
the precaution to lay in a good supply of
fuel during thesummermoiiths. ltsnouio
ot be exoected ot the coal dealers to do
this, because at any time the price might
be lowered bv the mines, or by the rail
road companies, so as to place the deal
ers to positive loss, their margin ol
profits at any rate being very small. Nor
ave they the storage room to keep on
and any very large amount, but if each
consumer will only look to Insown inter
est, he can both save in actual cost, the
nice usually lieing lower in summer, und
void the risk of most serious damage to
his business, and discomfort to himself,
ainily and friends.
A visit on yesterday to our railroad de
pots gave us the assurance which was
unheeded, however, that our company
were "interesting themselves," and had
within the past fortnight sent 215 emptv
coal cars to the leunessce railroad, to ue
filled and returned.
We are glad also to learn that the offi
cials, who last week made their annual
usiiection of all the road-beds ol the
Richmond and Danville system, reported
most favorably in regard to this section,
which ex tends trom Asheville to Salisbury,
Spartanburg, Paint Rock and Jarratt's,
saving that in every department the
track and rolling stock were in hrstciass
condition, and the schedules better
iduptcd to the public needs thanhasever
ictore been known.
As mauv of our friends expect to visit
Charleston, S. C, next week, we took oc
casion to invite the attention of Capt
Me Bee and Mr. Winhuin to the resolu
tion of the Southern Steamship Associa
tion, at Atlant.i.that all railways of that
issociation should have the right to sell
tickets to Charleston and return at one
cent per mile which would make the rate
Irom Asheville itio.oo. these gentlemen
most politely offered to telegraph at once
to Richmond lor instructions, and, no
doubt, before vour paper is issued you
will beadviscd that the arrangement liai
been perfected. At any rate, if the same
iccommodation is not anordco tne pub
lic in North Carolina as in South Caro
lina, we are sure it will not lie because of
inv fault or indilterence either ol (.apt
McBce, or Mr. W inburn. 1
The Citizen will advise its readers
promptly of completion of these arrange
ments, which they have the right to ex
iiect, but not to demand. In taking
ground against a railroad commission
we held that the public interests were
best protected when made identical with
those of the railroad companies, and w
cannot think that the system, which ha
and is yet doing so much for this place,
will consent that lower rates or better
facilities shall be offered to the citizens of
South Carolina, where a commission ex
ists, than in North Carolina where there
is none. Citizen.
ANNVAL APPORTIONMENT IN
SPOKE THREE DAYS.
Bad Stiowinir, But the people
of North Carolina Themselves
Must Better It, And Not Call for
Help From Hercules.
Editor Citizen: The amount spent an-
unlly for public schools in the I'nited
States on an average to every man,
woman and child is just ubout two dol-
irs; in North Carolina, it is thirty-nine
cents. That is to say, in the united
States more than five times as much is
one for public schools as is done in North
Further, in Virginia, there is annually
spent for public schools to every man,
woman and child, ninety-three cents.
Thnt is to say, in Virginia, there is two
and one-half times as much done for
public schools as is done in North
Not onlv is the average in the United
States five times as much as in North
Carolina, and in Virginia two and one
half times as much, but more is do e in
II the Southern States, except, lierhaps,
South Carolina, than is done in North
Carolina, and very much more in many
Further, while our schools have im
proved a little, I know that it is impos
sible to support a creditable and efficient
system with the small amount of money
we now anilv. Small as is the amount,
it is said to be too much tor those who
are willing to give the eople a little
education as a charity, and it is not
enough for those who believe in the
liberal education ol the people, not alone
or their individual benefit, but as a
means of perpetuating our civil and re-
uiious liberties, uur public schools
really satisfy nobody.
Vour paiier, and others in the state,
oppose the Blair Bill. It has some ob-
ectionable features, I admit, but tney
have, in my judgment, been by some
verv much over-staled it is not How
ever my purpose to discuss it.
In your issue ot October so, 1 hud tins
statement: "The Democratic press ol
the State has been as equally a unit in its
urgent work for education as it has been
hostile to the Blair Bill."
Do you mean to sav, that the Demo
cratic press is a unit for public education
in a more liberal sens than our present
system indicates? Do you think we are
doing enough for public education ? Do
you think the Democratic press thinks so?
Looking at the figures given above, do
you think we can afford not to increase
our school funds and make our system
at least as good as the system of other
Southern States r
It you agree with me, as 1 am sure you
do, that, except in a few of the cities in
which the tunds have lieen supplemented
bv special vote, our system is by no
means satisfactory and cannot be with
so small an amount ot money, win you
please state what in your judgment can
be done to relieve the situation ?
S. M." Finokr, Sup't.
nf;n.n.n. fur distances create i
400 miles. For night messages of not won, Brundolet second
exceeding twentv woros nueen ccuia iui Timc
all distances ana one-nun arm i
additional word. Date, address and
signature, are excluded from the count
both day and night. Signal service ci
pher messages are to be charged at two
- r u.. .ii.tnr foi the same and a half cents per word. Detailed
. . .Tj .i.. -ooms nt 117 i rule 'for comuutinu distances are laid
rO .Vt we occupied on the 19th I down with reference to the above ord.
Zt Mot0 last but thut on the 2lst ht
T..CT;.;M), of the firm which
fontrolled the room af 17 Clnrkstreet,
testified to the fact.
TbOurtthen adjourned till to-mor-
Tu afternoon paper says that soon
atW thTdisappearance of Dr. Cronin the
State put spici PS Camp 20, and that a
President Green, of the Western Union
Telegraph company , say s : "The rute fixed
by the Postmaster-General is undoubt
edly below cost, but 1 nm not prepared
to say what the attitude of the company
will be after the matter has had consid
eration of the executive committe next
Wednesday. The reduction averages
about 33 per cent, from the old rate.
which was not a remunerative one
Fifth race five turloi.gs: Daniel B
won, Storv lener secono, nusa i cur
third. Time 1.05-.
RUth race hve furlongs: lensor
bnrelv won, Col. Hunt second. Pell Mell
third. Time 1.04.
Y. M. C. A. Conference.
The district conference of the Young
Men's I hristian Association, of the
Charlotte district will be held in Stales-
ville, commencing this morning and con
tinning over Sunday. Papers discussing
the various features of this work will be
read by leading workers and reports will
be made bv the various Associations
The Asheville Association will be repre
sented by George R. Collins, J. M. Israel,
jr., Robert V. Miller and H. P. Andersen.
The address of welcome will lie delivered
by Win. M. Robbins, at 9.30 o'clock this
morning. There will be three sessions ol
the conference daily.
The silver Convention
Will be held in St. Louis on the 20th of.
this month. Governor rowle has com
missioned Mr. D. C. 'Waddcll, President
of the Bank of Asheville, as one of the
delegates trom North Carolina, and that
gentleman will probably Ik present.
Death of an Axed Calhoun.
Charleston, S. C, October 31. Hon.
Jas. Edward Calhoun, ot Abbeville,
cousin and Droiner-in-iaw oi juiiu v.
Calhoun, died to-day ngcd'JJ. t-alhoun
entered the United States navy in 1H16,
resigned in 1HH3, being the wealthiest
officer in the service. At his death he was
the largest land owner in the State with
a homt-ste.nl of 25.000 acres, rich
Snvnnnah lands nnd 105,000 acres of
mountain land in Pickens and Oconee
counties. For the last fifty years he has
led a lite ot a nermii ucv.mng , ex
clusively to the increase of his estate.
The Board to Make Returns.
Mikkkapoms. Minn.. October 31. A
Tournal Helena. Mont., special says
Judge Dewoll has sustained the motion
of the Democrats, and issued a per
emptory order to have the canvnssing
board make returns of the Tunnel pre
cincts. A motion for an appeal had
been filed, and application made for a
st.iv of oroceedinirs. the KepubiieaH at
torneys nsked to have bonds fixed on
ti,.. niinticntion. The court took a re
cess to allow authorities to be looked up
The Press Convention,
The Wilmington Messenger says :
"The Raleigh News nnd Observer ex
presses the opinion that tne present
North Carolina Press Association was
organized in Charlotte in 1871. Amis-
take. It was organized in ooidsnoro in
Mav, 1873. Maj. Engelhard was then
chosen its President. Our esteemed
friend, Col. John D. Cameron, ot Tin;
AsiIKVILLB HT12K.N, then edited the
Hillsboro Recorder, and he was present."
The Messenger is correct in regard to
the date of the organization of the pres
ent Press Association. We were present,
the youngest editor, though far from be
ing the yougest man, having been then
only six months in editorial harness.
Very few of our coadjutors of that time,
or present at the first convention, are
now connected with the press. The only
leading men we recall are Bonitz, of the
Messenucr. and Duffv, of the star.
Kingsbury was connected with the Sen
tinel. but not a member of the Associa
tion. Ashe had not yet become an editor,
and of those present, Stone, an uctive
member, has left the State. Engelhard
and the elder MeDairmid are dead, and
others have engaged in other avocations,
none of whom made their fortune by
Roped In by Rambling Reporters
RoauilHic Round the Cltv.
Steady! Write it November 1.
A lively sale at the Alliance warehouse
There were only two cases before the
mayor's court yesterday ; one for carry
ing concealed weapons, lined ten dollars,
and one drunk.
At the Wednesday night prayer meet
ing of the First Baptist church, Rev. J.
K. Connally tendered a letter of with
drawal Irom that congregation, which
Sheriff Reynolds has paid over lo Treas
urer J. H. Courtney $2,000 of county tax
for the year 1889, and also $1,040 whis
key tax for the six months ending Janu
ary 1, 1800.
We were informed yesterday by Natt
Atkinson & Son that ninny inquiries art
lieing made looking to the purchase of
the fine Lowndes farm, now being adver
tised in Tin; Citizkn.
The telephone company yesterday is
sued new lists to their subscribers from
the job rooms of Tin-: Citizkn. There
have been eighteen new subscribers since
the old lists were issued.
In the case of the State vs. M. Kellcy,
for bribery, in the criminal court, the
cause was continued upon the statement
of Kellcy 's counsel that they were physi
cally unable to conduct the defense.
The splendid residence of Mr. Hunt, ol
Cincinnati, on the corner of Huvwood
street and French Broad avenue is being
rapidly pushed. It will rank among the
handsomest of Asheville's beautiful build
ings. There was a pleasant reception given
by Miss Mary Laura Vance to Miss Sal
lie McDonald, of Marion, at the residence
of Gen. R. B. Vance on Wednesday even
ing. A number of persons from Ashe
ville were in attendance.
A new thirty-inch Paragon paper cut
ter, the largest and most complete ma
chine of this class ever brought to West
ern North Carolina, has just been put up
in the job rooms of The Citizkn, where
every class of work in the job line is done
neatly, promptly and accurately.
We were requested yesterday to call
the attention of the city authorities to
the condition of the streeton Patton ave
nue in the vicinity of the Grand Central
hotel, and to urge that steps be taken to
conform the electric railway track to the
street, or vice versa.
A Mr. Hallyburton, an employe of the
Western North Carolina railroad, had
the ill luck to break the small bone or
fibula in his leg yesterday at Hot Springs
stepping off the train. He was
brought to this city, where the limb was
Mr. Kelley Aderholdt, of Old Fort,
who had his leg very badly injured in the
railroad turntable at that place on Sun
day last, we are informed is improving.
Dr. W. D. Milliard, who was summoned
to that place on Wednesday night for
the purpose of amputating the limb,
thought upon examination that it could
be saved, and ;left him in good condition
POLKS VOl' KNOW.
MICHAEL DAVITT CLOSES HIS
Before the Pnrnell Commission
The Court Compliments Hint on
His Eflort and Thanks HI ill for
London, October 31. Michael Dnvitt
continued his speech before the Parnell
He said that Farraghcr who had lieen
clerk of the Land League, but w ho had
turned informer, and testified for the
Times, had been unable to prove the as
sertion ina;le by Attorney-General Web
ster that the League had advanced
money for the committal of outrages
Davitt regretted that all Land League
books had not been found. They had
disappeared he said during the confusion
consequent upon suppression of the
League, but National League books
which had been produced revealed noth
ing unconstitutional. He denounced the
publication of alleged fac simile letters
by the Times as an attempt at moral as
sassination of the political character of
public men which was unparalleled by
the action of any political party in the
history ot any country.
He ridiculed the idea that theTimes
was not aware of Pigott's antece
dents until he testified before the com-
Davitt concluded his speech by ap
pealing to the court to say that the
Times had not proved itschargesagainst
the men who were striving to end the
Anglo Irish question. When Davitt had
finished, presiding lustice Hanen com
plimented him upon the ability displayed
in his speech, and thanked him for the
assistance he had given thecourt.
Sir Henry James then began his speech
in behalf ot the limes. Sir Henrys ad
dress was was of' a historical character.
He denied that any iniustiee to Ireland
existed which instilled the present
attitude of the Irish nationalists. He re
ferred at great length to the measures
that have been adopted during the last
ntury to improve the condition oi that
THE SNOW FLOWER,
A NlKht OR".
The following notice was written and
intended for publication in yesterday's
paper, but by some inadvertence failed to
reach the compositor. We give it place
this morning, as we think the perform
ance deserved the mention.
During an experience in theatres of
many years we do not remember a more
enjoyable entertainment than that of
last evening, when "A Night Off" was
presented by Daly's company of come
dians. As a comedy it was surely a success,
and afforded enough of hearty laughter
to the audience to keep them in a good
humor for a year to come, even if this
company should delay tneir return so
long. We know every one present last
evening hojws this may not be the case,
but nre ready to welcome them with
crowded houses whenever they see fit to
Cotton Exchange Business.
Nv w York, October 31. The members
of the cotton exchange met to-day and
passed a resolution culling on the board
of managers to submit the by-law to be
vntnl on hv the exchanire. which would
repeal the present system of inspecting
and clsssing cotton, and re-enact the for
mer system with such amendments nnd
Cotton Seed Certificates,
New York, October 31. The price of
rotron ami certificates to-day fell 5V4 per
cent, on heavy selling. The decline was
accompanied by social rumors, all ot
which were officially denied. After the
close, however, the d'ecline was explained
hv thr nnniiiincement that Flagler and
Constable, two of the directors, had re
fused to serve longer on the board and
hnrl ttnld nut their stock. The stockhold
ers meet to-morrow for the annual elec-
Ttie Strike Oft".
Memphis, Tenn., October 31. The
switchmen's strike was declared off to-
ona;en has shown tofe.a
oe ucsirnuit. - - .
BlK Tom Wilson.
The great hunter and mountain chief
tain Thomas or "Big Tom" Wilson is in
the ciiy, and favored us with a familiar
call and free and pleasant chat last even
ing. Yesterday he had the characteristic
accompaniment of a young bear at his
Wis. on the streets. It was one ot a
pair of cubs he had captured last sum
mer, making "bear meat" we suppose of
the dam. The little cue t vidcutly bears
no malice for the slaying of her mother,
for it followed its master with very af
fectionate docility. We may add that
Mr. Wilson is open to a trade for that
cub. One of Ins sons is with htm, and
has the carcass of a fat grown bear on
the market; and any one curious, for
the novelty of a bear steak can lie grati
fied by finding Mr. Wilson's wagon in
Capt. Robert Johnston's lot on North
WUo They An-1 Where They Are,
and What They Are Doing.
W. M. Davies, of Hendesonville, n
Capt. Natt Atkinson leaves for New
Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Mcrrilt arc at the
Duff Merrick has gone to Mitchell
county on professional business.
Miss M. Louise Mason, of Jersey City,
is stopping at Mr. Van Gilder's.
The many friends of Edward Weddin
will learn with regret that his condition
is not improving.
Mr. H. Redwood, who has his head
quarters at Richmond, Va., was in the
Mrs. Park and daughter, of Meadvillt,
Pa., have arrived in the city and arc
at Mrs. Van Gilder's.
Mr. A. L. Melton has so far recovered
from his recent injuries as to be out yes
terday for a short buggy ride.
W. R. Whitson, who has lieen absent
for several weeks on a business trip to
Arizona Territory, returned yesterday.
Miss Lula Kcrley, of Morganton, is
visiting the family of Capt. A. B. For
tune, on College street.
Rev. James Atkins, jr., is on n flying
visit to Emory and Henry college, to
which he was lately elected president.
A. P. Labarlie, the very popular and
efficient steward at the Battery Park,
who has been suffering very much from
dyspepsia for several months, is very
much improved, and is able to discharge
his duties again.
Something Very Similar Much
Nearer than Siberia.
Accounts have been received of a so-
called snow-flower, said to havebeendis-
covercd by Count Anthoskoff mthe most
northern portion of Siberia, where the
ground is continually covered with frost.
The wonderful object shoots forth from
the frozen soil on the first day of each
succeeding year. It lives for but a single
day, then resolves to its original elements.
The leaves are three in number, and each
about three inches in diameter. They
are developed only on that side toward
the north, and each seems to be covered
with microscopic crystals of snow.
We find the above floating around
through our exchanges, and it attracted
our eye, ns perhaps referring to some
thing he had seen much nearer than
Siberia. We discovered our mistake;
and for the benefit ol the curious, we will
speak of something to be found without
going to Siberia, without searching for
it on any one day of the year, and some
thing that is not fabulous. It is what
we named the Ice Rose. Hardly one in a
thousand has ever seen it, for it does
not grow in towns or ciliesoropen fields.
It is the product of the woods. It forms
or grows in those cold nights and morn
ings where the clay ground is found
lifted or covered with those beautiful
spieula? of ice which line the road sides.
The same mystery of crystalization
which forms these spicul.-e acts in the
formation of the ice rose; but the ex
udation of vapor as it passes into the
frozen state, instead of connecting itself
with the ground, attaches itself to the
stem of a dead weed and crystalizes in a
form of wonderful beauty of shape and
coloring, forming around the stem, but
not adhering to it, a spiral, sometimes a
circle or ring ol opalescent ice, from two
to three inches in diameter; the outer
surface rounded and smooth, the inner
side encircled with a delicate efflorescence
ol minute crystals. Attached toils woody
stem and lilted clear from the ground,
it has marvelous resemblance to a beauti
ful flower, a curious illusion in the cold
weather in which it is found. We
have cut many of them with stem at
tached, and carried them uninjured for
miles, carefully protected in a handker
chief or a sheet of paper. When the
temperature rises they fall from the stem
and soon perish.
To find them, the woods must lie visited
very early in the day, and the weather
must be cold, and also, the ground must
be moist. But the ice rose is no myth
like the snow flower.
OlR MOVNTAIN BIRDS.
To the Ladles.
On Saturday afternoon, November
at 3.30 o'clock, there will be a meeting of
ladies in the W. C. T. U. rooms over
Smith's pharmacy, for the purpose of or
ganizing a "free kindergarten and chil
dren's aid society." All ladies interested
in this noblest of all charities arc urgently
requested to be present. The aims and
methods of the organization will be fully
discussed at this meeting.
Rev R. P. Rumley, pastor of the
Second Baptist church, colored, requests
us to say to his friends that he is improv
ing as rapidly as could be expected, and
that he was able to be up town in a
carriage yesterday. He has been very
sick for several weeks.
An Ornithologist Among us in
Quest of Specimens.
We are indebted to Dr. J. A. Watson
for the information that Mr. W. E. W.
Scott, ol Tarpon Springs, Millsooro
county, Fla., is here, a gentleman ot
scientific attainment as an ornithologist,
and n keen, practical student in adding
to his knowledge of American liirds. He
has been wonderfully successful in add
ing to his numlier of specimens, having
secured over 200 different varieties in the
vicinity of Asheville, n fargrentcrnumber
than wc thought possible, for we have
been struck in riding through the moun
tains with the silence of the forests owing
to the absence of song birds. But that
was the result of solitude. Birdslovethe
fields and the companionship of man.
Among his new acquirements were the
ravens, killed near here a few days ago,
for s))ecinicns and for examination in re
gard to their food and habits of living
and not in wanton sport; nnd the re
mainder of the curious flock will not be
Mr. Scott is n contributor to the Auk,
a recognized authority, and the only
journal in the world devoted to orni
There were several Hallowe'en parties
in the city yesterday evening, which were
much enjoyed by the young people.